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ABSTRACT.

The number of Internet users is growing, but only small part of them buys products/services
online. The objective of the paper is to highlight the factors that are meaningful to consumer
motivation to shop online. The results of literature analysis show that there are three groups
of factors effecting online shopping: 1) perceived characteristics of the Internet as a sale
channel, 2) consumer characteristics and 3) characteristics of the product. However, the
significance of the factors depending to these groups is mixed or not clearly reported. The
results from the empirical study show that the convenience makes the most important
influence on consumers who shop online. While the limited abilities to get acquainted with a
product/service by means of senses is the most important factor why consumers resist
shopping online.

INTRODUCTION.
Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that serve billion of people
worldwide. It is a network that consist of millions of public, private , academic and business
and government networks from being local to a worldwide scope. The internet carries a vast
range of information resources and services .
The number of internet users in India is continuouslygrowing . The statistics goes by saying
that India is the 5th largest internet user population after USA, CHINA and GERMANY .
When it comes to online buying and internet usage it accounts for 60 million in India. Online
shopping is referred to as E-COMMERCE.Online shopping could be defined as the concept
of buying and selling of goods over the internet.
Online shopping emerged with the development of the internet. Entrepreneurs saw the
potential in online shopping and sprung at the chance to make virtual storefronts, so that
consumers could shop without leaving their homes.The rapidly growing Indian economy is
catching the attention of local as well as global retailers and thereby unlocking the doors for
new genres of online consumer research. The growth of the internet presents a huge
opportunity to online retailers to capture a considerable share of sales. In this context it is
important to understand the factors that motivate Indian consumers to indulge in online
buying; in fact the drivers, enablers and the inhibitors, all need to be identified and addressed.
A framework is needed to structure the complex system of effects of the demographic,
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psychographic and situational factors that impact a consumer's decision to shop online, and
develop an in-depth understanding of consumers' motivation to shop online..
The mode of payment is through credit card or pay pal account which is commonly used by
online shoppers. With the advent of online shopping we can get easy accessibility to goods
sitting at one place making it more convenient than shopping going shop to shop. Online
shopping won million of hearts across the world with the availability of internet at almost in
every house in India saving a lot of time and transportation cost.
What motivates internet users to buy online?
Consumer shopping motivation in the context of online has been well researched. Numerous
consumer needs such as browsing and searching for products, ease and convenience,
obtaining information about firms, products and brands, comparing product features and
prices, shopping 24/7, having fun and excitement, maintaining anonymity while shopping for
certain products, are all fulfilled more effectively and efficiently than conventional shopping.
In fact, the benefits that consumers derive out of the online shopping experience are two fold,
namely, functional and utilitarian dimensions, like “ease of use” and “usefulness”, or
emotional and hedonic dimensions like “enjoyment”; . Such factors are moderated by
exogenous factors like “consumer traits”, “situational factors”, “product characteristics”,
“previous online shopping experiences” and “trust
Sheth (1983), has referred to two broad classes of motives that underlie shopping, namely,
functional and non-functional, the latter also having been mentioned by Tauber (1972). With
convenience, price, product variety and product access as major motives in the context of
online shopping, the functional aspects of shopping motivation have been stressed upon.
However the non-functional motives of online shoppers have also been researched upon by
studying the individual buyer's personal and social motives (Eastlick and Feinberg,
1999; Parsons, 2002).
Suki et al. (2001), speaks of user's motivation and concerns for shopping online and mentions
motivation factors like accessibility, reliability, convenience, distribution, socialization,
search ability and availability; among issues of concern are privacy, reluctance to change,
quality, security, trust, connection speed and non-disclosure of complete product

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information. Rohm and Swaminathan (2004), speak of a typology among consumers, based
upon their motivation for shopping online; namely, online convenience (convenience
shoppers), physical store orientation (variety seekers), information us in planning and
shopping (balanced buyers), and variety seeking in the online shopping context (store
oriented shoppers). Swaminathan et al. (1999), refer to the convenience factor, i.e. being able
to shop 24/7 from one's home as the most compelling motivation. While the Technology
Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis, 1989; Davis et al., 1989), explain easy adoption through
website characteristics and purchase intentions, Lee et al., 2007 propose an e-Com adoption
Model that include “perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, perceived risk with products
and services, and perceived risk in the context of online transaction”.

REVIEW OF LITERATURE.
In recent years, online user has increased to a larger amount and gained lot of popularity
through social marketing and online marketing. Analysts opine that different people from
different place can get instant access to information at any time and place. The adoption of
internet has been exceptionally rapid in many parts of India.The online market for
personalised goods is over Rs 200 crores. The concept of the internet present a huge
opportunity to online retailer to capture considerable context to understand the factor that
motivates Indian consumers to indulge in online buying.

Research that has been already taken provides the impact on the way ideas are formed and
knowledge is created. Research paper tell us about the strength which includes speed,
immediacy and superior value of the internet.
Internet helps in developing an insight into how consumers trade off among available
attributeswhile selecting an online user. It alsoprovides concrete information about the
specific attributes to be incorporated into internet services, as per customer’s
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preferences.Unlike past focus on the self-elicitation of theimportance of internet services, this
study uses awell-established methodology to derive therelative importance accorded to the
identified salient attributes about the motivation technique. The rapid proliferation of online
usage and creation ofa new channel for marketing. The use of online services through smart
phones has increased the popularity, making the internet theultimate medium for one-to-one
marketing. The present research investigates consumermotivational level online usage by
internet user and the relationship between attitude and behaviour.
Determinants of consumer motivation to buying online:
Pragmatic motivation:
The first and foremost thing that drive customers to go for online shopping is "convenience",
which can be in any form like time, place and the whole buying process. From previous
studies it has been seen that consumers are preferring to go online shopping because they are
free to enjoy window shopping without having the pressure of purchase on their mind.
Online shopping also gives a readymade platform to the buyers to collect various prepurchase information and other search activity. From past studies it has been said that
information about a product drives a customer to go for online shopping. Services tend to be
more informative than product oriented.
The perception that online buying is easier and involve minimum effort also has a significant
and positive impact on consumers mind.According to the Technology Acceptance Model, the
easier and useful a technology is, the more likely are consumers to get motivated to use
online technology.
Hassle reduction, motivations inspire consumers to buy online because it is comparatively
trouble free. Online buying is free from hassles of taking out time for marketing, dressing up
to go to market, driving, traffic jams, crowd and finding a place for parking. There is also no
hassle of transporting the goods purchased as internet vendors provide home delivery of
products purchased online.

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Study suggest that different demographic factors like Age. This might be promises in terms of price.reliability factors such as clearly stated freight charges. Young professional with high income group are directly related with online buying.Income. This is the factor that attract customer and each and every day the number of customer are improving because of improvement in services. such as Utilitarian Motive or problem solver. try. Consumers can also interact with user groups and find out about latest fads and fashion. Demographic motivation Demographic parameters are another factors that motivates customer to go for online shopping. Service excellence motivation Service excellence is the factor that motivate a buyer to go for online shopping. that is the emotional and hedonic pleasures. smell or touch the product. In Products like CDs. A consumer’s motivation to shop online can be for various reasons. other finds it enjoyable and seeks it for entertainment. Buying decisions are mainly influenced by people living around the buyer like 5 . timely delivery of products in good condition. clearly stated product charges. The internet provides a platform to view products with detailed information regarding competitive prices from international locations and thereby help consumers in learning about new trends. Some customers prefer to shop and browse on the internet due to the fun. While some internet buyers consider shopping activity as work.Product motivation: Lack of availability of products also drives customers to go for online shopping. enjoyment and excitement involved. Social Motivation From the study we come to know that online buyer are getting influenced by their social environment. cash on delivery. High level of customization is also being offered to the customers with huge price discounts and which is not possible in normal buying process. books and air tickets consumers are more likely to go for online shopping with no fear and apprehension about the need to feel.and Education that make customers inclined toward online shopping. either as individuals or as social groups.

The sampling methods – convenience sample. Furthermore. Situational factors such as time pressure. Human beings acquire new behaviour by observing others. family and friends. articles and other web based resources. 6 . Individuals were asked to indicate their agreement with motivation or de motivation items based on the five-point Likert-type scale from (1) strongly disagree to (5) strongly agree. The questionnaires were distributed by e-mails. The aim of this research is to examine factors that motivate or de motivate respondents to shop online. lack of mobility. Situational Motivation Consumers with hectic time schedule are more tend to buy online because it saves time. 2) collected information about the factors that motivate to shop online.The questionnaire included four diagnostic blocs: 1) gathered information about the type of online consumers based on their behaviour (an online shopper or an information searcher). we distributed questionnaires to the undergraduates and graduate students interested in online shopping. RESEARCH METHODOLGY.Supportive social environment. through our friends &acquaintances. thus all findings are applicable only to the study sample. The need for special items which are generally not available in local markets also drives consumers to buy online. there is no need to travel long distances for shopping. The study population is members of academic community. 4) comprised questions on demographic characteristics. The research is a pilot study. We sent out questionnaires and received 150 in which ineffective or wrong-written questionnaires are duly rejected. geographical distance.The primary data we have collected through some face to face interaction and online distribution of questionnaires and the secondary data is collected from various journals. who are immobile can also shop online. perceived norms. 3) collected information about the factors that de motivate to use the Internet as means for product/service purchasing. attractiveness of alternatives and need for special items positively influence online buying of consumers.

The data were analysed using the SPSS 16. We used the following methods: 1) descriptive statistics.0 statistical package. which will make an important breakthrough and will affect the consumer motivational factors towards online shopping. 7 . 2) high-abstraction statistics: factor analysis was used to identify motivation or de motivation dimensions to shop online.  Internet reduces the monetary cost and traditional shopping to a great extent.  Safe and secure transactions. FINDINGS &CONCLUSIONS Some of the major findings are:  Online shopping saves time.  Availability of merchandise on internet is very broad. The outcome of this proposed research agenda will present an enhanced knowledge of online shopping consumers and understanding of their purchasing behaviour towards a product. This will in turn provide consumers with great potential to optimise their buying behaviour online.

Online Shopping Name? Age? Sex? (Tick the appropriate box) o Male o Female Education Qualification? (Tick the appropriate box) o Secondary o Higher Secondary o Graduation o Post-Graduation o Others Where do you mostly use the Internet? (Tick the appropriate box) o At home o At work o At College/School o Others What is your main purpose for using the Internet? (Tick the appropriate box) o Shopping o Work o Education What kind of information do you look for on the web when selecting a product/service? (Tick the appropriate box) o Detailed information o Price comparisons o Location of store o Availability of product/service o Other information .

In general. you prefer to do your shopping of: (Tick the appropriate box) Over the Internet Over the Phone In a Retail Store Jewelry Airplane Tickets Cinema/Concert/Theatre Ticket Computer Products Clothes Furniture Toys CD/DVDs Books Cosmetics Fast food Groceries Have you been expose to online shopping? (Tick the appropriate box) o Yes o No How many times you go for online shopping in a month? (Tick the appropriate box) o Once o Twice o Thrice o More than thrice .

What situational factors drive you to go for online shopping? (Tick the appropriate box) o Hectic time schedule o Frequent travelling o Need for special items o Previous shopping experience o Others What are the preferred sites you choose? (Tick the appropriate box) o Flipkart o Snap deal o Mantra o eBay o Amazon o Others Services you expect from online retailers? (Tick the appropriate box) o First delivery o Replacement guarantee o Cash on delivery o Others How does competitive pricing and discounts motivate you to do online shopping? (Use the 1 – 5 scale below) 1 Highly effective Select a value from a range from 1. to 4 .Highly effective..No t effective. 2 3 4 5 Not effective .

(Tick the appropriate box) Strongly Disagree I think shopping on the internet saves time. It is a great advantage to be able to shop at any time of the day on the internet.Please select your level of agreement to the following questions. Shopping online is risky. The description of products shown on the Disagree Indifferent Agree Strongly Agree . A long time is required for the delivery of products and services on the internet Selection of goods available on the internet is very broad. I believe online shopping will eventually supersede traditional shopping. It is more difficult to shop on the internet. I prefer traditional/conventional shopping to online shopping. I will prefer online shopping only if online prices are lower than actual price.

Thank You…………………………………………………………………………… ...... The information given about the products and services on the internet is sufficient........... I would be frustrated about what to do if I am dissatisfied with a purchase made from the internet........... Online shopping is as secure as traditional shopping... ……….....) The fact that only those with a credit card or bank account can shop on the internet is a drawback.............. While shopping online....Strongly Disagree Disagree Indifferent Agree Strongly Agree web sites are very accurate...... I hesitate to give my credit card number....... Internet reduces the monetary costs of traditional shopping to a great extent (parking fees etc............

Bar Chart .

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.46% respondents use internet at home.

.When we ask the respondents. what they really do on internet 52% said they search information related to studies and 44% do shopping.

02% look for detailed information and 29. . 43.When asked while selecting a product or information what they mainly do on internet.61% compare price of the product and information.

.In general. you prefer to do your shopping Our findings found that 67% prefer traditional shopping than online shopping (30%).

79% book Airline ticket. 21. .49% book cinema/theatre tickets and 13.When asked what type of products/services they mainly shop online 24.50% shop books.

30% order fast food and 27.30. .27% book cinema ticket over the phone.

. 11.06% visit retail store for buying furniture.12. 11.57% buy groceries and 11.69% buy jewelry.44% buy cosmetic by visiting retail store. because Indian customers have a high involvement.

.93% respondents have expose to online shopping.

52% shop online once a month and 23% shop more than thrice a month. .

.33.22% respondents said due to need for special items.07% respondents said they prefer online shopping due to hectic time schedule and 36.

.From the above graph we can interpret that Flipkart got maximum number of responses.41% people are using Flipkart for online purchase because of esteem needs are getting fulfilled. That about 36.

49% & 29.From the above graph 36.05% goes with replacement guarantee and cash on delivery resp. .31% respondent want fast delivery as a services from online retailer whereas 28.

From the graph 53% of the respondent says that competitive pricing and discount highly effective in motivating to do online shopping because it satisfy the self-actualization needs of the respondent .

From the graph 39% & 36% of the respondent think that shopping in the internet saves times because of the accusation need get fulfilled .

44% strongly agree that through online shopping they can shop anytime from anywhere. .

58% of the respondent say that the do not find it is difficult to shop on the internet. .

.41% have mix response both traditional and online shopping have an importance.

.34% disagree and 33% have mis response that online shopping is not risky.

27% have mix response. 25% agree and 20% strongly agree online shopping will supersede traditional shopping. .

.34% agree and 27% strongly agree that they prefer online shopping when prices are low.

.35% of the respondents have a mix response. This show that delivery time depends on geographic location. 21% disagree and 22% agree.

According to the survey 42% people think that there is a wide range of goods available for selection .

According to the survey 42% people think that there is a wide range of goods available for selection .

.According to the survey we can say that people are neutral to the statement that description of products shown is very accurate.

.Here in the above fig we can say that people agree as they believe that products and services on the internet are sufficient.

From the above fig we interpret that 38% people agree to the fact that online shopping is as secure as traditional shopping. .

From the above graph we can interpret that people mostly people are neutral to the fact that people hesitate to give the card number for online shopping. .

According to the survey 35% people agree to the statement that internet reduces the cost of traditional shopping .

.From the above fig we can interpret that mostly people agree to the fact that only with a credit card or a bank account can shop on the internet is with 30 %.

.Here by conducting the survey we can interpret that 58% people are neutral to the point that they are dissatisfied with the purchase made from the internet.