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Boiler is an apparatus to produce steam.
Thermal energy released by combustion of fuel is
used to make steam at the desired temperature
and pressure.
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 i) Producing mechanical work by expanding it in
steam engine or steam turbine.
 ii) Heating the residential and industrial
buildings
 iii) Performing certain processes in the sugar
mills, chemical and textile industries.
   

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 i) Low cost
 ii) Fluctuations of steam demand can be met
easily
 iii) It is compact in size.
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 a) Longitudinal drum (b) Cross-drum.
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 a) Two drum (b) Three drum
 c) Low head three drum (d) Four drum.
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 i) Internally fired (ii) Externally fired
   
     
  
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 i) Vertical (ii) Horizontal (iii) Inclined.
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Locomotive).
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 i) Natural circulation (ii) Forced circulation.
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 i) Low pressure (ii) Medium pressure (iii)
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