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DIVISON CBI - CIENCIAS BASICAS E INGENIERIA
MAESTRIA EN INGENIERIA ESTRUCTURAL
NOMBRE DEL ALUMNO: JOSE ANTONIO CERVANTES CASTILLO
MATRICULA: 2143803205
NOMBRE DEL PROFESOR: DR EN ING. ARTURO TENA COLUNGA
SOLUCION SEGUNDO EXAMEN
FECHA DE ENTREGA: 28 NOV 2014

SOLUCION SEGUNDO EXAMEN
RESOLVER EL SIGUIENTE MARCO PARA OBTENER REACCIONES, ELEMENTOS
MECANICOS, DESPLAZAMIENTOS Y GIROS.
PARA EL ANALISIS IGNORAR LAS DEFORMACIONES POR CORTANTE Y CONSIDERAR
QUE LOS MIEMBROS SON AXIALMENTE RIGIDOS
CONSIDERE LOS SIGUIENTES DATOS DE GEOMETRIA.

BARRA 1

BARRA 2

L1 :=

3 + 3 = 4.243 m

E1 := 1

CTE

BARRA 3

L2 :=
E2 := 1
I2 := 2

1 := 45

2 := 135
CTE

CTE

I1 := 2

A1 := 1

3 + 3 = 4.243

A2 := 1

CTE

BARRA 3

M1 :=

F a b
2

F := 10

Ton

= 4.444

M2 := 1

F a b

L3

R1 :=

= 2.222

L3

3 2 b = 7.407

2
L3
L3

F b

R2 :=

CTE

3 := 0

b := 2

E3 := 1

I3 := 1

FASE 1.

a := 1 m

L3 := 3

3 2 a = 2.593

2
L3
L3

F a

A3 := 1

CTE

## VECTOR FUERZAS EFECTIVAS

0
R1

M1
VF1 :=
0
R2

M2

10
R1

M1

VFE :=
0
R2

M2

0
7.407

4.444

=
0
2.593

2.222

FASE 1

FUERZAS EFECTIVAS

10
7.407

4.444

=
0
2.593

2.222

## MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL DE CADA BARRA

raz1( E , A , L) :=

raax( E , I , L) :=

E A

L
12E I
L

A E
L

6 E I
L

12 E I
L

rabx( E , I , L) :=

r11x( E , I , L) :=

raz1
0

0
kl( raz1 , raax , rabx , r11x , r12x) :=
raz1
0

0
cos( ) sin( )
sin( ) cos( )

0
0
a( ) :=
0
0
0
0

0
0

6 E I
L

4 E I

r12x( E , I , L) :=

2 E I

4 E I
L

raz1

raax

rabx

raax

rabx

r11x

rabx

raz1

raax rabx

raax

rabx

rabx

r12x

rabx

r12x
0

rabx

r11x
0

0 cos( )

2 E I

sin( ) 0

0 sin( ) cos( ) 0
0

## PARA IGNORAR LAS DEFORMACIONES AXIALES TENEMOS 2 FORMAS:

1.- LA PRIMERA ES ASIGNAR UN VALOR DE EA -->, OS EA UN VALOR
GRANDE.
2.- LA SEGUNDA ES COLOCAR MATEMATICAMENTE QUE RAZ1=0 PARA
REDUCIR LA MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ

BARRA1

RAZ1 := 1000
RAAX1 := raax( E1 , I1 , L1) = 0.314
RABX1 := rabx( E1 , I1 , L1) = 0.667
R11X1 := r11x( E1 , I1 , L1) = 1.886
R12X1 := r12x( E1 , I1 , L1) = 0.943
MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL

1000
0

0
KL1 := kl( RAZ1 , RAAX1 , RABX1 , R11X1 , R12X1) =
1000
0

0
0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

a1 := a( 1) =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0
0 0.707 0.707 0

0
1
0
0
0
0

1000

0.314

0.667

0.314 0.667

0.667

1.886

0.667 0.943

1000

0.314 0.667

0.667

0.667 1.886

0.943

MATRIZ DE ROTACION

500.157

1.886

0.471

0.471

500.157

499.843

## 500.157 0.471 499.843

500.157

499.843 0.471
0.471

0.943

0.471

499.843
0.471

0.314 0.667

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ
COORD GLOBALES.

500.157
499.843

0.471
T
KG1 := a1 KL1 a1 =
500.157
499.843

0.471

0.471

0.943
0.471

0.471

1.886

BARRA2

RAZ2 := 1000
RAAX2 := raax( E2 , I2 , L2) = 0.314
RABX2 := rabx( E2 , I2 , L2) = 0.667
R11X2 := r11x( E2 , I2 , L2) = 1.886
R12X2 := r12x( E2 , I2 , L2) = 0.943

## MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL

1000
0

0
KL2 := kl( RAZ2 , RAAX2 , RABX2 , R11X2 , R12X2) =
1000
0

1000

0.314

0.667

0.314 0.667

0.667

1.886

0.667 0.943

1000

0.314 0.667

0.667

0.667 1.886

0.943

MATRIZ DE ROTACION

0.471 499.843

0.471

500.157 0.471

## 500.157 0.471 499.843 500.157 0.471

0.471 0.943
0.471
0.471
1.886
0.471

1.886

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ
COORD GLOBALES.

500.157

0.314 0.667

0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

a2 := a( 2) =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0 0.707 0.707 0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

500.157
499.843

0.471
T
KG2 := a2 KL2 a2 =
500.157
499.843

0.471

0.471

0.471

0.943

BARRA3

RAZ3 := 1000
RAAX3 := raax( E3 , I3 , L3) = 0.444
RABX3 := rabx( E3 , I3 , L3) = 0.667
R11X3 := r11x( E3 , I3 , L3) = 1.333
R12X3 := r12x( E3 , I3 , L3) = 0.667
MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL

1000
0

0
KL3 := kl( RAZ3 , RAAX3 , RABX3 , R11X3 , R12X3) =
1000
0

0
1
0

0
a3 := a( 3) =
0
0

1000

0.444

0.667

0.444 0.667

0.667

1.333

0.667 0.667

1000

0.444 0.667

0.667

0.667 1.333

0.667

1 0 0 0 0

MATRIZ DE ROTACION

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 1 0

1000
0

0
T
KG3 := a3 KL3 a3 =
1000
0

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ
0.667 1.333
0
0.667 0.667 COORD GLOBALES.
0
0
0
0
1000

0.444 0.667
0
0.444 0.667

0
0.667 1.333
0.667 0.667
0

1000

0.444

0.667

0.444 0.667

0 0 0 0 0

0 1 0 0 0

0.444 0.667

CONTINUACION.
KG =

K-1-22+K-3-11
K-3-21

K-3-12
K-2-22+K-3-22

## 500.157 499.843 0.471

K122 := submatrix( KG1 , 4 , 6 , 4 , 6 ) = 499.843 500.157 0.471

0
1000 0

0
0.444 0.667

0 0.667 1.333
0
1000 0

0
0.444 0.667

0 0.667 0.667
0
1000 0

0
0.444 0.667

0.667 0.667
0

## 500.157 499.843 0.471

K222 := submatrix( KG2 , 4 , 6 , 4 , 6 ) = 499.843 500.157 0.471

0.471
1.886
0.471
0
1000 0

0
0.444 0.667

0 0.667 1.333

1500.157
499.843

0.471
KG :=
1000
0

499.843 0.471

1000

500.602 0.195

0.444

0.667

0.195

3.219

1500.157 499.843

0.667

0.667

0.471

0.195

0.667

0.667
0.471

0.195

3.219
0

EFECTIVAS

10
1500.157
7.407
499.843

4.444
0.471

VFE =
KG =
0
1000
2.593
0

2.222
0

499.843 0.471

1000

500.602 0.195

0.444

0.195

3.219

0.667

1500.157 499.843

0.667

0.667

0.471

0.195

0.667

0.667
0.471

0.195

3.219
0

4.948
4.952

## 1.1 YA CON LOS DESPLAZAMIENTOS,

1

U := KG VFE =
4.937 OBTENEMOS ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

1.52
ELEMENTO O BARRA 1

0
0

U1 :=
4.948
4.952

1.1

0
0

=
4.948
4.952

1.1

1000
0

0
KL1 =
1000
0

0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

a1 =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0
0 0.707 0.707 0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0.667 0.943
0.667 1.886
0
0
0
0
0
1000

0.314 0.667
0.314 0.667
0

0.667 1.886
0.667 0.943
0
0

1000

0.314

0.667

0.314 0.667

ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

2.828
1.467

3.63

## F1L := [ KL1 ( a1 U1) ] =

2.828
1.467

2.593

0.963
3.037

3.63
T

F1 := a1 [ KL1 ( a1 U1) ] =
0.963
3.037

2.593

ELEMENTO O BARRA 2

0
0

U2 :=
4.937
4.919

1.52

0
0

=
4.937
4.919

1.52

1000
0

0
KL2 =
1000
0

0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

a2 =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0
0 0.707 0.707 0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0

1000

0.314

0.667

0.314

0.667

1.886

0.667

1000

0.314 0.667

0.314

0.667

0.667

0.943

0.667

0.943
0

0.667

1.886
0

ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

12.728
3.204

6.079

## F2L := [ KL2 ( a2 U2) ] =

12.728
3.204

7.512

11.265
6.735

6.079
T

F2 := a2 [ KL2 ( a2 U2) ] =
11.265
6.735

7.512

ELEMENTO O BARRA 3

4.948
4.952

1.1

U3 :=
4.937
4.919

1.52

4.948
4.952

1.1

=
4.937
4.919

1.52

1000
0

0
KL3 =
1000
0

1
0

0
a3 =
0
0

0 0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0 0

0 1 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 1 0

1000

0.444

0.667

0.444

0.667

1.333

0.667

1000

0.444 0.667

0.444

0.667

0.667

0.667

0.667

0.667
0

0.667

1.333
0

ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

11
4.107

7.034

## F3L := [ KL3 ( a3 U3) ] =

11
4.107

5.287

11
4.107

7.034
T

F3 := a3 [ KL3 ( a3 U3) ] =
11
4.107

5.287

## AHORA SUMAMOS LAS FUERZAS DE LA FASE 1 DEL ANALISIS A LA BARRA QUE

ESTA AFECTADA POR LAS FUERZAS Y MOMENTOS DE EMPOTRAMIENTO.

11
3.3

2.59

F3T := F3 + VF1 =
11
6.7

7.51

## AHORA LA SIGUIENTE CONSIDERACION PARA EL ANALISIS ES REDUCIENDO LA

MATRIZ TOMANDO EN CUENTA LOS DESPLAZAMIENTOS QUE SON IGUALES.

BARRA 1

BARRA 2

L1 :=

3 + 3 = 4.243 m

E1 := 1

CTE

BARRA 3

L2 :=
E2 := 1
I2 := 2

1 := 45

2 := 135
CTE

CTE

I1 := 2

A1 := 1

3 + 3 = 4.243

A2 := 1

CTE

BARRA 3

M1 :=

F a b
2

F := 10

Ton

= 4.444

M2 := 1

F a b

L3

= 2.222

L3

3 2 b = 7.407
R1 :=

2
L3
L3
F b

R2 :=

CTE

3 := 0

b := 2

E3 := 1

I3 := 1

FASE 1.

a := 1 m

L3 := 3

3 2 a = 2.593

2
L3
L3

F a

A3 := 1

CTE

## VECTOR FUERZAS EFECTIVAS

0
R1

M1
VF1 :=
0
R2

M2

10
R1

M1

VFE :=
0
R2

M2

0
7.407

4.444

=
0
2.593

2.222

FASE 1

FUERZAS EFECTIVAS

10
7.407

4.444

=
0
2.593

2.222

## MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL DE CADA BARRA

BARRA1

RAZ1 := 0
RAAX1 := raax( E1 , I1 , L1) = 0.314
RABX1 := rabx( E1 , I1 , L1) = 0.667
R11X1 := r11x( E1 , I1 , L1) = 1.886

cos( ) sin( )
sin( ) cos( )

0
0
a( ) :=
0
0
0
0

0
0

0 cos( )

sin( ) 0

0 sin( ) cos( ) 0
0

## R12X1 := r12x( E1 , I1 , L1) = 0.943

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL

0
0

0
KL1 := kl( RAZ1 , RAAX1 , RABX1 , R11X1 , R12X1) =
0
0

0
0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

a1 := a( 1) =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0 0.707 0.707 0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

0.667

1.886 0

0.314 0.667 0
0.667

0.943 0

MATRIZ DE ROTACION

0.943
0.471

0.471

1.886

0.157

0.471

0.471

1.886

0.471 0.471

0.157

0.471

0.157 0.157

0.943

## 0.157 0.471 0.157 0.157 0.471

0.471

0.667 0.943
0
0

0.314 0.667

0.667 1.886
0

0.314

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ
COORD GLOBALES.

0.157
0.157

0.471
T
KG1 := a1 KL1 a1 =
0.157
0.157

0.471

0.471 0.471

BARRA2

RAZ2 := 0
RAAX2 := raax( E2 , I2 , L2) = 0.314
RABX2 := rabx( E2 , I2 , L2) = 0.667
R11X2 := r11x( E2 , I2 , L2) = 1.886
R12X2 := r12x( E2 , I2 , L2) = 0.943

## MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL

0
0

0
KL2 := kl( RAZ2 , RAAX2 , RABX2 , R11X2 , R12X2) =
0
0

## 0.667 0 0.314 0.667

0.667

1.886 0

0.314 0.667 0
0.667

0.943 0

MATRIZ DE ROTACION

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ
COORD GLOBALES.
0.157 0.471 0.157 0.157 0.471
0.157 0.471 0.157 0.157 0.471

## 0.471 0.943 0.471 0.471 1.886

0.471 1.886

0.471

0.314

0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

a2 := a( 2) =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0
0 0.707 0.707 0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0.157
0.157

0.471
T
KG2 := a2 KL2 a2 =
0.157
0.157

0.471

0.667 0.943
0
0

0.314 0.667

0.667 1.886
0

0.471

0.943

BARRA3

RAZ3 := 0
RAAX3 := raax( E3 , I3 , L3) = 0.444
RABX3 := rabx( E3 , I3 , L3) = 0.667
R11X3 := r11x( E3 , I3 , L3) = 1.333
R12X3 := r12x( E3 , I3 , L3) = 0.667
MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LOCAL

0
0

0
KL3 := kl( RAZ3 , RAAX3 , RABX3 , R11X3 , R12X3) =
0
0

0
1
0

0
a3 := a( 3) =
0
0

0.444

0.667 0 0.444

0.667

1.333 0 0.667

## 0.444 0.667 0 0.444

0.667

0.667 0 0.667

0.667

0.667
0

0.667

1.333
0

0 0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0 0

MATRIZ DE ROTACION

0 1 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 1 0

0
0

0
T
KG3 := a3 KL3 a3 =
0
0

0.444

0.667 0 0.444

0.667

1.333 0 0.667

## 0.444 0.667 0 0.444

0.667

0.667 0 0.667

0.667

0.667
0

0.667

1.333
0

MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ
COORD GLOBALES.

CONTINUACION.
KG =

K-1-22+K-3-11
K-3-21

K-3-12
K-2-22+K-3-22

## 0.157 0.157 0.471

K122 := submatrix( KG1 , 4 , 6 , 4 , 6 ) = 0.157 0.157 0.471

0
0 0

0 0.667 1.333
0
0 0

0 0.667 0.667
0
0 0

0 0.667 0.667

## 0.157 0.157 0.471

K222 := submatrix( KG2 , 4 , 6 , 4 , 6 ) = 0.157 0.157 0.471

0
0 0

0 0.667 1.333

## 0.157 0.157 0.471

K122 + K311 = 0.157 0.602 0.195

0
0 0

0 0.667 0.667

0
0 0

0 0.667 0.667

## 0.157 0.157 0.471

K322 + K222 = 0.157 0.602 0.195

0.157
0.157

0.471
KG :=
0
0

0.157 0.471

0.602

0.195

0.444

0.195

3.219

0.667

0.157 0.157

0.667

0.667

0.667
0.471

0.195

3.219
0

## REDUCIMOS AHORA LA MATRIZ, CONSIDERANDO QUE U1Z=U2Z, SUMANDO FILAS Y

DESPUES COLUMNAS.

## redreng := submatrix( KG , 1 , 1 , 1 , 6 ) + submatrix( KG , 4 , 4 , 1 , 6)

redreng = ( 0.157 0.157 0.471 0.157 0.157 0.471 )

0.157
0.157

KGR := 0.471
0

0.667 0.667
0.195 3.219
0
0.444 0.667 0.157 0.602 0.195

## 0.667 0.667 0.471 0.195 3.219

0.157 0.471 0.157 0.157
0.602

0.195

0.471

0.444 0.667

0.314
0.157

colred = 0.471
0.157

0.471
0.314
0.157

KGR2 := 0.471
0.157

0.471
10
7.407

4.444

VFE =
0
2.593

2.222

0.157 0.471

0.157

0.602

0.195 0.444

0.195

3.219 0.667

0.667

0.667 0.195

0.667

0.667
0.195

3.219
0.471

10
7.407

VFER := 4.444
2.593

2.222

## AHORA OBTENEMOS LOS DESPLAZAMIENTOS

224.505

13.29

1
UR := KGR2 VFER = 58.168
145.586

26.172

## AHORA OBTENEMOS LOS ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

ELEMENTO O BARRA 1

0
0

U1 :=
224.505
13.29

58.168

0
0

=
224.505
13.29

58.168

0
0

0
KL1 =
0
0

0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

a1 =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0
0 0.707 0.707 0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0.667 0.943
0
0

0.314 0.667

0.667 1.886
0

0.314

## 0.667 0 0.314 0.667

0.667

1.886 0

0.314 0.667 0
0.667

0.943 0

ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

0
14.065

57.256

0
14.065

2.415

9.945
9.945

57.256
T

## F1R := a1 [ KL1 ( a1 U1) ] =

9.945
9.945

2.415

ELEMENTO O BARRA 2

U2 :=
224.505
145.586

26.72
0
0

0
KL2 =
0
0

=
224.505
145.586

26.72
0

0
0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0.707 0.707 0 0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

a2 =
0
0
0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0 0.707 0.707 0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0.667 0.943
0
0

0.314 0.667

0.667 1.886
0

0.314

## 0.667 0 0.314 0.667

0.667

1.886 0

0.314 0.667 0
0.667

0.943 0

ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

0
0.276

12.011

0
0.276

13.181

0.195
0.195

12.011
T

## F2R := a2 [ KL2 ( a2 U2) ] =

0.195
0.195

13.181

ELEMENTO O BARRA 3

224.505
13.29

58.168

U3 :=
224.505
145.586

26.172

224.505
13.29

58.168

=
224.505
145.586

26.172

0
0

0
KL3 =
0
0

1
0

0
a3 =
0
0

0
0

0 0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0 0

0 1 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 1 0

0.667 0.667
0
0

0.444 0.667

0.667 1.333
0

0.444

## 0.667 0 0.444 0.667

0.667

1.333 0

0.444 0.667 0
0.667

0.667 0

ELEMENTOS MECANICOS

0
2.572

6.808

0
2.572

14.523

0
2.572

6.808
T

0
2.572

14.523

## AHORA SUMAMOS LAS FUERZAS DE LA FASE 1 DEL ANALISIS A LA BARRA QUE

ESTA AFECTADA POR LAS FUERZAS Y MOMENTOS DE EMPOTRAMIENTO.

0
9.979

2.364

0
0.021

12.3

## HACEMOS UNA COMPARACION DE RESULTADOS E NTRE AMBAS

CONSIDERACIONES:
METODO 1 CON RAZ=1000
COORD

LOCALES

2.828
1.467

3.63

F1L =
2.828
1.467

2.593

GLOBALES

0.963
3.037

3.63

F1 =
0.963
3.037

2.593

COORD

LOCALES

GLOBALES

0
9.945
14.065
9.945

57.256
57.256

F1LR =
F1R =
0
9.945
14.065
9.945

2.415
2.415

12.728
11.265
3.204
6.735

6.079
6.079

F2L =
F2 =
12.728
11.265
3.204
6.735

7.512
7.512

0
0.195
0.276
0.195

12.011
12.011

F2LR =
F2R =
0
0.195
0.276
0.195

13.181
13.181

11
11
4.107
4.107

7.034
7.034

F3L =
F3 =
11
11
4.107
4.107

5.287
5.287

0
0
2.572
2.572

6.808
6.808

F3LR =
F3R =
0
0
2.572
2.572

14.523
14.523

0.667

0.943

0.667

1.886

0.667

0.943

0.667

1.886

0.667

0.667

1.333
0.667

SUMANDO FILAS Y