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Origami Bonsai Accessories
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010, Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. This document is not to be reproduced in any way without the express written consent of Benjamin John Coleman. Origami Bonsai® is a registered trademark of Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. I would like to thank Gretchen Anderson for helping me develop new Makigami rolling solutions as well as John and Annette Coleman for helping edit this book.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
1. Introduction 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. Simple Planters 4. Faux Wood Finishes 5. Fractal Wave Planters 6. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. Useful Crescents 8. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos
Page 3 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 . Plastic has become common in the environment. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation. Animals mistake plastic for food. paper in 105 AD. Interestingly. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. skeletal frames. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death.000 BCE. metals in 6. and plastic in 1862. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass.Origami Bonsai Accessories I.000 BCE. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. However. plastics and papers. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. metals. Ceramics were first created in about 29.000 BCE. but on a microscopic scale. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. hemp and other plant matter. Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not. glass in 3. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products. Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees. but also as the primary component of various inventions. Plastic is waterproof. glass. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. Sadly. each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw.
and perhaps the solution is Makigami. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding. I did a significant amount of research. My inquiries went unanswered. not rolled). paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. But until now. making those sticks thicker. and others. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. The process for making Makigami is simple. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. they know how to make virtually anything from them. The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects.800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. and all disposable consumer products. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. artistic creations. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. Plastics are poured into molds. for some reason. as well as universities like MIT. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent. no one took the next step. or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years. Universities Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution.Origami Bonsai Accessories It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. There is much to discover in this new craft. Gillette. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. I contacted major companies like Bic. chopsticks. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper.
What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue. Be advised. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 . they can be combined. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. And just like mathematical theorems. Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. blue and yellow acrylic paints. red. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds. and that materials like paper. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. black. will be rediscovered. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. In the coming years perhaps this will change. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. You will not need a lot of it. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. Buy a large container of it. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process.Origami Bonsai Accessories like MIT are busy developing much stronger. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species.
The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami. and some tumblers (glasses). an American football. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions. folds the sheet into quarters. it is important that I define a piece of newsprint. and the quarter fold. which is performed after the half fold. Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work. a large deep cooking pan. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. For the purposes of this book. The half‐fold folds the sheet in half. Each sheet of newsprint has two folds.
Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. Different types of taper are defined below. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 . Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book. You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book.Origami Bonsai Accessories Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process. while applying extra pressure. No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. Repeated rolling. with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge.
Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. but quickly becomes narrow. Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. and stays narrow for a long time. Only recently developed. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again. but they could also be used to make paper buttons. It’s a bit harder to roll. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. so pay special attention to the rolling technique.Origami Bonsai Accessories Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape.
and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton). instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers. The paper was almost transparent. as shown by the arrow. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project..Origami Bonsai Accessories Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. but I didn’t. Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me. A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper. however there are other papers made from different plants. and looked more like cloth than paper. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 . I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above). It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper.
but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. the individual layers of paper separated. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. and observe how it tears. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with. Note the direction of the clean tear. When mixed with the yellow liquid. Also. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. the purple paper became a soft. Using this paper. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. The rolling rule. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers.Origami Bonsai Accessories This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. either horizontally or vertically. The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. Tear a piece of newsprint. In thicker areas. I used a yellow Makigami solution. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. and then roll perpendicular to it.” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers. brown color. A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers. however there might be a different use for them.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 .
They can be used as prizes for competitions. Badges are useful items. I soon realized that I was not working with plastic. You will learn to use this material to make charms with interesting patterns inside. Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . so they won’t persist in the environment for hundreds of years. These charms are durable enough that they can be worn. You will also learn to make badges. In this chapter I revisit the un‐tapered version of the material that I used in the early days. I use un‐tapered Makigami in virtually every project I create. I believe Makigami badges are superior to plastic and metal badges. This is the best way to teach its manufacture. changing my ideas so that they fit its capabilities. because they attach like paperclips. campaigns. but highlighted with glimmers of hope. or to make statements or express feelings. and they’re eco‐friendly. Badges are an excellent example of an application where Makigami can replace metal and plastic. not my will. My early experiments with the material were attempts at forcing it to do things it could not. as this is the material most useful for branchlets upon which I attach leaves. and that I had to learn to work with the material.Origami Bonsai Accessories 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things My early days with Makigami were filled with frustration. they don’t damage clothing. I tried to mold tight 180 degree turns and complex shapes.
The folded center piece can be put in your recycling bin. The larger pieces should be approximately equal in size and will be made up of two plies of paper. As a general rule. This helps keep both sheets of paper aligned while I make the cuts.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Makigami Charms We start with one full sheet of newsprint. Use a pair of scissors to make two cuts parallel to the fold approximately ¼ inch away from it. four inch wide pieces of paper. 1. so I’ll be creating two. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 14 . all printed on one sheet of paper. I’m holding the fold in my left hand. Rotate and cut one of the sheets approximately four inches from its outer edge. you should never use previously folded areas of newsprint. 2. folded in half. Your sheet will look like this once you’ve made the cuts. One full sheet of newsprint corresponds to four numbered pages from a newspaper. 3. so the first step is to remove the quarter‐fold from the middle of the sheet. Notice that I am cutting while holding the half‐fold.
Cut four of the strips from step 5 above in half lengthwise. This will be sufficient to complete both projects presented on the pages that follow. This allows you to accurately cut two more strips that are the same size as the previous ones. 6. 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. You will now have four wide and eight narrow strips of paper. You will now have eight almost identical pieces of paper. Cut the remaining sheet from step 1 in the same manner. Hold the remaining (from step 2) piece of paper over the strips you already cut. 7. Page 15 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Introduction to Makigami Now I will introduce you to the first Makigami rolling solution presented in this book. Advanced Origami Bonsai. along with light force from our hands. to do it. As we continue to roll the paper strip. During each step of the rolling process I will list problems that may occur. this internal sliding causes the strip to become narrower and more densely packed with layers of paper. we saturate a piece of newsprint with a special solution. This means that you should not use warm water in your solution unless you plan to allow it to cool prior to using it. Makigami is temperature sensitive and must be at room temperature. As we roll the wet newsprint. between 60°F and 80°F. This forms a slippery layer within the Makigami strip that allows the paper inside the rolled strip to slide. and how to avoid them. the solution squeezes out of the pulp in the paper. This is a friction‐abundant environment. It is extremely important that you become able to identify the difference between a successfully rolled Makigami strip and a defective one. but also for making branches for Origami Bonsai trees. not just for making projects in this book. If you understand how the process works you’ll have an easier time mastering it. Makigami gains its strength from layers of paper that are tightly rolled around each other. Initially this seems impossible. I prefer this newer recipe. What is important is that you develop a feel for the material and begin to identify successfully rolled strips. Basically. their source. For this chapter’s projects the quality of your rolling is not important. the paper has to slide over itself for the process to work. you should note that this recipe produces a thicker Makigami solution. Basic Makigami Recipe Building Block 2: 16 Parts Water All Makigami rolling 1 Part Wood Glue solutions must contain at 1 Part Acrylic Paint – any color least one ingredient that In a clean jar combine the ingredients and mix with a acts as a lubricant. In general this solution produces Makigami strips that have two to four times the tensile strength of those using the original recipe. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 16 . If you have been using the Makigami recipe from my second book. paintbrush. The final consistency should be similar to un‐ whipped cream. but we use various physical properties.
We start with the larger pieces of paper. to completely saturate the paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories How to Roll Makigami Strips You will need a one inch wide paintbrush. 2. Put one of the larger pieces of newsprint on top of the solution you spread in step 1 and then add more solution. 1. Spread a coat of Makigami solution on your tray with a soft brush. Latex gloves not only keep the paint off your hands. Page 17 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 3. To do this. I also recommend putting on latex gloves. spreading as above. use the bristles of your paintbrush to lift the paper off the tray. You’ll need to flip your paper to ensure it gets completely saturated. but less paint builds up on them and they allow you a little better grip when rolling.
Use your brush to lift the bottom edge of paper off the pan and then fold it up. Make sure there are no air bubbles under the fold. 6. 7. After flipping. Then use your brush to flatten the fold. With only light pressure. folded edge. 5. Curl it so it forms a tube across the bottom. Visually inspect your sheet to confirm that it is completely saturated with solution. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 18 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. You will end up with a loosely wrapped tube. add a little more solution and use your brush to remove any air bubbles trapped under the paper. slowly roll the paper up onto itself. Use your brush to lift the bottom.
You’re done rolling when the top edge of paper is no longer visible. After a few repetitions of rolling. 10. This will reduce drying time. and then roll it again. It will become a solid strip. As the tube narrows.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. Once the strip is rolled as tight as it will get. Applying light pressure. you will notice that the tube becomes narrower. apply more pressure. 9. Page 19 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Long Strokes . Roll the Makigami strip a few more times to get as much moisture out of it as possible. pick it up. apply more pressure. in the same direction. Roll the rest of your bigger sheets following the same procedure. 11. roll the tube to the end of the pan.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Now roll the smaller pieces of paper into narrower strips in the same manner. 1. 5. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 20 Long Strokes . 4. the more challenging they are to roll. 2. You will eventually develop this skill to the point where you can roll strips that have the same thickness as angel hair pasta. 6. 3. The narrower the strips of paper.
cylindrical objects around your house. The narrower cylinder is a ¼ inch dowel I bought at my local hardware store. closely parallel to itself. Use masking tape to attach one end of a thicker strip to the clothes hanger tube. You will need to find some long. In this example I use two such objects. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. You should always begin this way. If you roll the thinnest strips first they might become too dry before they are attached to the molds. you hang clothes hangers on it. The larger is a tube you will find in almost every closet in your home. Now we’ll use masking tape to attach the strips to molds. Wrap the strip tightly around the tube. 1. 2. Page 21 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Molding Makigami Strips We started the rolling process with strips that would become the thickest for a reason: they take longer to dry.
Repeat this process for any other thick strips you may have rolled. as shown. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 22 . Attach several of them to the narrower cylinder (the ¼ inch dowel I mentioned before) at an angle. Tear some of your masking tape in half for the narrower strips. and then across the Makigami strip to secure the other end. It will end up looking a bit like a barber’s pole. Wrap the strips around the dowel maintaining the distance between previous wraps. 4. Attach a piece of masking tape to the tube. 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Page 23 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . narrow. We will want some straight. Tape the other end(s) to the dowel and allow to dry. so put some of them on a flat surface and allow them to dry. 5. Makigami strips.
You shouldn’t use your oven either. you’ll never get the smoky smell out of it. but it smolders at a much lower temperature. Within this recycled content there are often flakes of foil or metal from staples that got recycled along with the paper. I try to time my Makigami projects to correspond with sunny days.” you may have a disaster on your hands. and they’re usually dry by early afternoon. and allow your strips to dry inside your home. If your Makigami smolders. depending on the temperature and humidity of your home. attached to their molds. This includes strips that are as thick as one inch in diameter. We use newsprint. any paper that didn’t adhere properly to the strip can be trimmed off. which contain recycled paper. about four hours for the narrower ones. It will take approximately 12 hours for the thicker strips to dry. If you wish to reduce the drying time you can park your car in the sun and move your Makigami strips. put the strips in my truck. into direct sunlight inside the car. I roll my Makigami in the early morning. These small pieces of metal will cause your strips to catch fire in a microwave. Drying time will be greatly reduced using this method. I consider my truck a “solar oven” for curing my Makigami. Using an oven to dry Makigami turns an environmentally friendly art form into a global warming mess. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 24 . Paper burns at 451 degrees Fahrenheit (233 degrees C).Origami Bonsai Accessories Drying Makigami Strips It is best to be patient. Once dry. from newspapers. Never attempt to dry Makigami in a microwave oven. It wastes a tremendous amount of energy and is hazardous. Even if you set your oven to “warm.
Slide ring off cylinder. so here’s how it’s done: 1. Page 25 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Tear inner piece of masking tape at overlap. simply pull off the masking tape and slide the strips off. 3. Remove outer piece of masking tape. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Removing Strips When Dry Most strips are easy to remove. The thicker strips we made for the outer ring of charms are harder to remove.
Cut a second circle from the remaining. use wire cutters to cut the strips approximately 1/8th inch from the end. and simultaneously the adjacent tier to create a circle (see next image). 3. 2. Cut this. Each thicker Makigami strip can be cut into two loops to make two charms.Origami Bonsai Accessories In order to make charms we need a circular loop. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 26 . 1. Now you will have one Makigami circle and one with overlap. Because the quality of the Makigami strip tends to vary at its ends. overlapped piece.
In this example. Even though I illustrate how to create a very simple peace symbol. to the right. and therefore naturally bends. Bend the strip roughly three times as far to the left as it is molded to the right. the strip was molded. 2. Page 27 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 1. There are many shapes and patterns that can be made in this manner. You’ll need your glue gun and a glue dish if you’ve got one.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembling Makigami Charms I will now show you how to construct a rudimentary charm from the Makigami strips you have created. you should allow your creativity to flow. We need to bend the Makigami strips to be perfect circles.
Open the strip and apply a small amount of hot melt glue to the end. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Close the strip and apply a small amount of pressure as the hot melt glue sets. 4. 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. the strip should naturally center. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 28 . After bending.
thinking about the curve of the circle you made in the previous section. Cut a semi‐circle out of the strip. Now cut the other end of the semi‐circle. Make the first cut so it will attach smoothly to the circle. 1. starting from step one. Page 29 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . for as many circles as you may have. again considering the curve of the circle you’re going to attach it to. Do this by looking down the strip so you can see the curl. Now we’ll make a small loop at the top of the circle which allows it to hang from a string or necklace.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. 2. Smooth the glued connection with the hot tip of your glue gun. We use the narrower Makigami strip that was looped repeatedly around the ¼ inch dowel. Repeat.
Attach the semi‐circle to the circle on either side of the previously glued connection. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 30 . Dip the ends of the semi‐circle in hot melt glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Bend the semicircle……. 6. 5. You may need to trim the semi‐circle a bit to get a good fit. 4. So it fits properly on the Makigami circle you’ve already created.
narrow Makigami strips for this.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Use wire cutters to cut longer pieces of the straight and narrow Makigami strip. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make the connections smooth. Page 31 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . We use the straight. Simple Internal Assemblies for Charms We’re going to mount a peace sign inside our charm. Repeat from step 1 for any additional circles you may have.” This means we’ll need one long and two short. and four shorter ones to form a peace sign. straight pieces of Makigami. A peace sign is fundamentally an upside down “Y. 1. Cut two longer pieces. 2.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Think about how the upside down “Y” will be centered within the circle. Page 32 . Trim the long strip first. Remember. 4.” 5. but you can’t re‐lengthen a Makigami strip. Glue one short strip to one long strip at an angle. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Glue a second short strip to form a “Y. you can always shorten more after a cut. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut.
you have a lot more of the straight Makigami strip to work with.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6.” Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Make sure your upside down “Y” fits within the circle. Page 33 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Remember. If you make a mistake it’s easy to create a new. better “Y. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! 7. Dip the tips of the two shorter pieces of the peace sign in glue and……. Now trim the shorter strips so they fit inside the circle. and a lot more glue. 8.
resulting in your assembly falling apart. Smooth one side of one connection.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. 11. attach them to the inside of the circle. Be careful not to heat the glue too hot. and then return to the first to allow cooling in between. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make all glued connections smooth. 12. 10. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 34 . Repeat these steps for as many peace signs you intend to make. then move to another. Glue the remaining end to the inside of the circle.
Drying your charms on aluminum foil will avoid problems that arise on other surfaces. 14.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. peace‐sign color. Mix some acrylic paint and wood glue. Paper will stick to the glue/acrylic paint mixture and ruin the finish. If you wish. Page 35 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . thinner coat of a different color. I painted my charms with a final coat of pink which resulted in this funky. Notice the odd. This look is unique to Makigami. In this example I’m using red and blue so I’ll end up with purple peace signs. Paint your peace signs with a generous coat of the mixture. when the first coat is dry you can add a second. 15. simultaneously smooth and rough looking material.
or twist a group of bread ties together. more recent buttons combine metal and plastic. The finished button will be a little bit larger than the diameter of the tube you use. In this example I use the same clothing hanger tube I used in the previous one. This is a good example the versatility of Makigami. Because they clip on to clothing. This is the length of Makigami we need to make each button. Because metal and plastic degrade slowly. nor will they draw blood like the pins on old‐style buttons. and they’re not just for campaigns. A little ingenuity along with an eco‐friendly material results in a solution to an environmental problem ‐ without sacrificing utility. These are three part buttons which consist of a clip ring. Wrap it around your tube allowing it to overlap itself by about two inches. These buttons are easy to make and useful.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Clip‐on Buttons Over the years we’ve had thousands of elections for which millions of campaign buttons were made. that can be recycled in your paper recycling bin. a narrow ring. and a circle of printed paper. or use a piece of string. In this section I illustrate how to make buttons. Use a long twist tie. If exposed to the elements. they will biodegrade in less than three months. they won’t damage what they’re attached to. like campaign buttons. Initially made from metal. 1. 2. and to communicate virtually anything you can think of in an environmentally friendly way. They can be used to acknowledge achievements. like a paper clip. so the wider the tube the larger the button. All these buttons have one thing in common ‐ the vast majority ended up in landfills. Bend the twist tie at the two inch overlap point as a marker. and will be for another 450 years. Measure the circumference of the tube upon which you plan to mold your buttons. as trophies for contests. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 36 . they’re all still there.
See step 7 (after the cut) if this seems confusing. Use the twist tie you made in step 2 to cut the newsprint to the proper length. 6. Page 37 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Each piece represents one button. Cut a sheet of newsprint in half in the long direction. Cut the fold off the half it’s attached to. Fold them in half and cut them diagonally. starting the diagonal cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge and cutting all the way to the fold. 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 4. You should now have a stack of newsprint pieces that are the correct length.
Short Strokes Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 38 . Use smaller. 8. Your newsprint pieces should look like this. This will be enough material to make four buttons. Also cut some narrow strips (2 inches wide). Double‐tapered strips like the ones we made in steps 1 through 7 require a different movement when rolling.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. I rolled four double‐tapered strips and two long narrow ones. 9. short pushes of your fingertips rather than long ones. like the ones used in the previous project. Roll half as many of these as you roll double‐tapered strips. Long pushes will result in the strip tearing at its thickest point. Roll all your strips. 10.
Attach the strips to the same mold you used to measure. Page 39 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 11.
Origami Bonsai Accessories The fun part of making buttons is deciding what to put on them. This will leave a gap between the clip‐on ring and the narrow ring that we’ll need. or create your own designs in graphic programs. Cut the narrow rings so they fit around the clip‐on rings with about 1/32 of an inch to spare. web photos. 2. You can make buttons from magazines. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 40 . Here are four button designs I’m going to use in this section. If you used a clothes hanger rod to mold your strips you’ll get two narrow rings of the correct diameter from each one. Finding a tube of this diameter would be a challenge. We need a lot of extra space so glue won’t end up on the face of our buttons. 1. It’s hard to see here. Once dry. Cut your designs into circles that are about an inch greater in diameter than your clip‐rings.” This means that we can cut our rings slightly larger. remove your Makigami strips from the mold. and bend them into circles. because we’re securing them within the button. but luckily building block four says “Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. In a perfect world we would have had a second tube of slightly greater diameter than the clothes hanger rod we’re using. but I’m cutting the narrow ring about 1/8th of an inch too long.
Mix wood glue with a small amount of water in a cup. You also need a small paintbrush with short bristles. Spread the mixture on your button circle. 5. Bend the narrow ring so that it forms as perfect a circle as possible. but try not to spread the glue over the edge.Origami Bonsai Accessories This picture shows the desired gap between the narrow ring and the clip‐on ring. We want the outer margin of the circle to become damp. 3. If the glue gets spread beyond the edge it might end up on the face of the button. It should be fairly thick mixture. Page 41 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 4. Use a glossy magazine to protect your work surface.
This technique has many applications beyond making buttons. It is important to seat the clip‐on ring properly. You want to press and compact the paper into the inner edge of the narrow ring. As you gain more experience you can make buttons specifically designed to attach to collars versus lapels. paper sun catchers (circles of stained glass) can be made in the same manner but with larger rings. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 42 .Origami Bonsai Accessories The narrow ring is held flat against the work surface for steps 6 and 7. Use your paintbrush to lift the outer edge and fold it along the narrow ring towards the center of the button. When you insert the clip‐on ring you should consider where the top of the pin will end up when someone is going to wear it. 8. 7. Insert the clip‐on ring into the middle. Lift and fold in this manner for the entire circumference of the circle. Pinch it into place being sure to support the front of the button with your index fingers. Use your fingers to secure the narrow ring while you do this. 6. but if you push too hard without supporting the other side you will tear the paper. Press down hard with your paintbrush along the inner edge of the narrow ring. For example.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 43 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
and then assemble them into tiny planters upon which Origami Bonsai chess pieces will be mounted. This method for making planters is particularly useful when you plan to make more than one planter of the same design. Simple Planters We will now use some of the skills we learned in the previous chapter to make planters. Un‐tapered strips of Makigami will be molded and assembled into basic. but beautiful planters.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. While the process for making and molding the Makigami strips is simple. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 44 . I have used this technique in many of my works. I use this type of planter when I make chess sets. I make a large number of strips. It is easy to make a large number of identical planters using this technique. assembling them can be a challenge. cut them down to standard sizes.
Combine the sheets. Cut the quarter‐fold out of the sheets as shown here.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. so I hold the fold in my left hand while looking at the sheets I just cut. so I’ll make my first cut slightly further than in half because I’m going to cut the fold off in the next step. I want all the sheets to have the same width. Page 45 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Start with two pages of newsprint folded in half. I would like to cut the sheets in half. Put the fold in your recycling bin. but can’t because I don’t want to use the fold (in my left hand in the picture). This tells me where to cut the fold off. 2. 3.
You will also need a piece of cloth. They should be attached approximately one quarter inch from the edges. wide pot to use as a mold. we can compensate when we do the assembling. I now have 16 sheets for making Makigami strips. and one inch wider than the combined width of your strips. Each piece of tape needs to be at least six inches long. I will mold 14 of the strips. Find a large. 6. Two of the strips will be used on the bottoms of the planters. Attach four pieces of masking tape to the cloth. As the strips dry there is a tendency for the tape to detach.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 46 . but you may want to make them even longer. 5. But even if it does come loose and your strips don’t mold evenly. the less likely it is to come unstuck. so I’ll allow them to dry straight. The remaining folds can be put in the recycling bin. The longer your piece of tape. cut approximately one inch longer than your strips. Roll the strips according to the instructions on page 16.
9. Page 47 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Make sure the tape is secure before proceeding to the next step. and then pressing the tape against the mold. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Place the cloth with tape on it on top of the strips. pressing the strips against the mold. Arrange your strips evenly and balance them on top of the mold. Carefully run your hands over the cloth.
12. Your cloth will develop a loose area between the two pieces of tape. and then tighten it as you stick it to the mold. Attach it to the cloth first. Tighten the pieces of tape by lifting them up. Add a piece of tape to the other side just as you did in step 11.Origami Bonsai Accessories 10. one at a time. 11. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 48 . Add another long piece of tape to the loose area. and pulling on the free end while simultaneously pressing on the tape which is attached to the cloth.
in a hot sunny car to dry. 13. we can compensate for any difference in molding when we do the assembly. Don’t worry if the tape comes unstuck. They should be dry in an hour or two. Page 49 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . attached to the mold. To reduce drying time you can put your strips. And the left side.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here’s a picture of the right side of my mold.
remove it. Warning: Makigami strips that are cold to the touch while assembled will warp after assembly. 16. 15.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. When the cloth feels dry. Inspect your strips to confirm they are dry. They should feel slightly warm to the touch. The tips of Makigami strips tend not to roll properly. If they feel cold then moisture is still evaporating from them and they should be left in a sunny location to dry completely. so you should cut approximately 1/8th inch off both ends of each strip Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 50 .
I call the sculpture pictured at the right “Sole Survivor” because it looks windswept and has only one flower. You can use a previously cut strip as a guide for cutting the other strips. It is mounted in a planter similar to those we make in this chapter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. . Cut each Makigami strip in half. Page 51 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Use your fingers to gently bend the strip slightly in the direction you need.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembly of a Flat‐Curved Planter 1. The difference between bending a strip and breaking one is only slight. You may notice that their curves differ slightly. . You must perform this step with each Makigami strip as your assembly progresses. and can be resolved by carefully bending the less‐curved strip to match the more‐curved strip. 2. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. This is common. When you feel the strip begin to bend immediately reduce your pressure on it. Compare the curves of two of your cut Makigami strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 52 Building Block 7: Once dry.
If you did. 5. Assemble the first two strips. Use a small paintbrush to apply a bead of glue all along one side of one of the strips. 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Page 53 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . return to step one. Compare the curves again to confirm that you didn’t over or under bend the strip.
7.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Wet a larger brush with water and use it to wipe off excess glue on the outside of the assembly’s curve. Rinse the brush in water and wipe off the excess glue on the inside of the curve. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 54 . Bend the strip if necessary before applying glue. Prepare a third strip to be added to the assembly by comparing its curve to that of the assembly. 8.
Allow the glue to dry for at least four hours before proceeding to the next step.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is my assembly with three strips. Here is my assembly with four strips. This will become almost invisible when the planter is painted. Notice that the curve is not perfect. Here is my completed assembly with 9 strips. Page 55 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
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We will now add a curve to each end of the assembly by trimming the ends of each Makigami strip. 9. Draw an arc on both ends of your assembly. 10. Cut one half of the arc with wire cutters. Notice that I have the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 56
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11. Flip the assembly over and draw the arc on the back side. 12. Trim the assembly on the line you made in step 11. Again notice that I have the angled blades of the cutter facing away from the assembly. In step 10 I was trimming the assembly on the concave side of the curve, in step 12 I’m trimming on the convex side of the curve. This combination; trimming with the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly, and trimming the first half of the curve on the concave side, and the second half on the convex side, allows the pressure applied by the wire cutters to be absorbed by the discarding trimming rather than the assembly. If you attempt to cut any other way, the pressure of your blades will be partially absorbed by the assembly. When the assembly absorbs the force it results in splits, gaps, and cracks. Page 57 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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Repeat steps 9 through 11 on the other side of the assembly. When complete, your assembly should look like this. 12. We will now add two “legs” to our assembly. Trim the ends off the unmolded Makigami strip you made. 13. Hold the unmolded strip against the assembly and cut the first leg leaving a gap between its ends and the outside of the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 58
Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Page 59 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Use the legs to support the assembly. You don’t want the center of the assembly touching the top of your work surface as this reduces the appeal of the finished planter. Use the leg you cut in step 13 to measure cutting a second leg. either outward or inward. You also want to make sure that the legs are sufficiently close to the center of the assembly. If they’re not. adjust the legs. You should now have an assembly of strips and two legs. 15. Confirm that the ends of the assembly are at the same height. until the height is equal.
Mark the position of each leg on the assembly. 18. 17. Transfer the marks made in step 16 to the bottom of the assembly. Apply hot melt glue to one of the legs. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 60 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 16.
Page 61 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Attach the leg to the bottom of the assembly at the point you marked. Your planter should look like this.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Repeat this procedure with the second leg.
from the keel outwards. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 62 . Rather than assembling each Makigami strip to create a flat surface. During assembly It is important that strips are added first to one side of the center strip. or it can be finished at an angle. In other words. we assemble this planter from the center out. rather than from one side to the other as we did in the flat‐curved planter. The shallow‐bowl planter can be completed with two legs just as the flat‐curved planter was.Origami Bonsai Accessories Shallow Bowl Planter An alternative to the flat‐ curved planter is the shallow‐ bowl planter. Strips of Makigami are added to each side of the center at a slight upward offset. with one long stabilizing leg. I’m using one long stabilizing leg. and then to the other side of the center strip. This planter is assembled much like a boat. This creates a shallow bowl. I then cut the un‐molded strip to size. instead we start with a center strip. I set the assembly on my work surface and slide a non‐ molded piece of Makigami underneath the back of it. Shown at right.
add some hot melt glue to it.Origami Bonsai Accessories I remove the strip. and return it into position. Page 63 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Always allow your work to dry for at least four hours between coats. By painting your work with a good coat of wood glue and paint you will ensure that it will last a lifetime. waxed paper or the like to ensure you protect both yourself and the Makigami. by all means do so. I would advise against this. Unpainted Makigami will absorb moisture. In this chapter I will show you how to create various finishes that mimic the look of different varieties of wood. it will be destroyed. From a distance.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Faux Wood Finishes What is the best feature of using recycled newspaper in Makigami? The answer might be that it’s been printed on. This is followed by either one or two coats of a diluted (with water) mixture of paint and wood glue. The planters presented in this book would make excellent serving dishes for small appetizers like sushi. My faux finishes all start with a slightly diluted (with water). Perhaps a word of caution ought to be added at this point. If it gets exposed to a lot of moisture. like a spilled glass of water. foil. One coat of this mixture gets painted onto every surface of the work. While the materials we use are not toxic. this seemingly random printing looks much like the swirling pattern of real wood. If you opt to serve food on your Makigami creations. You may be tempted to leave your work unpainted. as long as you provide a barrier between the Makigami and the food. even from the air. As you finish a project you will notice that the newspaper print is visible in your work. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 64 . as long as it’s not left soaking in liquid. they are also not approved for direct contact with food. Use something like a doily. 50‐50 mixture of paint and wood glue. and start to warp.
Make sure you carefully paint the ends of your planter. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Bamboo 1. Unpainted areas will reduce the impact of your finished work. The first is it keeps one hand (the one holding the work) clean. Page 65 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but thick enough that it creates a bold color change in the work. secondly it keeps my fingerprints off what I’m painting. This mixture should be dilute enough that it will easily flow into cracks and crevises. Carefully paint every surface of your work. I usually wear gloves for two reasons. To create a faux bamboo finish we begin with a coat of yellow acrylic paint mixed with wood glue and a small amount of water.
Carefully inspect your planter for areas that you might have missed with paint. and tops (often hidden from view by the planter) of the “legs” of the planter. Once you’ve finished painting the first coat you should allow your planter to dry for about four hours. and areas with pools of paint. This mixture should be quite thin.Origami Bonsai Accessories Don’t forget to paint the ends. 3. similar to the thickness of heavy cream. then set your planter down on a piece of aluminum foil and touch up the area where you had been holding it. Now we add a coat of 50‐50 acrylic green paint mixed with wood glue which is then diluted with water. If it is cool to the touch it isn’t dry yet. Run your brush over these areas. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 66 .
5. If you wish. If you think the planter is too bright. you can adjust the shade of your finished planter with additional coats of a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic paint and glue. with water to dilute. try using black acrylic paint. Page 67 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . If you want a more aged‐looking bamboo. Apply the mixture liberally at first. similar to the mixture you created in step 3. As long as your mixture is sufficiently dilute you won’t lose the complexity that recycled newspaper adds to the overall look.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. try using brown. Allow the planter to dry for at least four hours. and then work it into the cracks and crevises of the planter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 68 .
2. Page 69 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Start with a 50‐50 mixture of yellow acrylic paint and wood glue slighly diluted with water. paint your planter with a 50‐50 mixture of brown acrylic paint and wood glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Oak 1. Dilute the mixture with water until it is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. Apply the mixture liberally at first. 3. working it into cracks and crevises. Then use your brush to remove any pooled paint. Once the first coat has dried.
The faux oak finish. is my favorite. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours on aluminum foil. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 70 . picture above.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Redwood 1. Make sure you cover all areas with paint. 3. and then dilute it with water until it is approximately as thick as heavy cream. 2. Mix a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic brown and wood glue. Allow your planter to dry on aluminum foil for at least four hours. Paint all the surfaces of the planter with this mixture. Allow your planter to dry for at last four hours before the next step. To create a faux redwood finish we begin with a 50‐50 mixture of red acrylic paint and wood glue slightly diluted with water. Page 71 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
diluted with water to the consistency of heavy cream. You may even want to add a fourth coat. add a third of the same mixture. add a coat or two of 50‐50 black acrylic and wood glue. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 72 . Once the second coat has dried.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. If you would like a walnut finish. as sometimes the initial red coat of paint is too bright.
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5. Fractal Wave Planters
I must confess, I love these planters! A narrow, highly tapered and acutely curved tip rotates, widens, and becomes a wide shallow bowl. I discovered the process by which they are made completely by accident. I wanted to create a planter with more curves, but at the same time was having serious problems with assembly. It seemed that as a planter’s “curviness” increased, it’s assembly time increased exponentially. One day as I removed a planter from its mold I discovered that it stayed together. I stopped trying to take dry planters off the mold, and instead worked on reinforcing them so that they could be removed from the mold as a complete assembly. I developed a technique where glue diluted with water is painted onto dry Makigami strips while they are still on their mold. Since discovering this technique I’ve developed similar ones for other types of planters, presented later in this book. I think you will enjoy making these planters. It seems no one has seen anything like these designs before. Perhaps it would be best if we didn’t tell them how easy they are to make. You should read this entire chapter before attempting to make a fractal wave planter. There are common problems encountered during their creation that will cause you great frustration if you don’t know that they’re resolved in the end.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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You will need the following items to complete this project: Four pages of newsprint A pair of scissors An American‐style toy football Two clothespins Two long rubber bands One nylon stocking A pencil, wire cutters and hot melt glue gun. 1. Start by cutting the newsprint approximately an inch and a half from the fold. 2. Perform the same cut on the lower half of the newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 74
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3. Place the top and bottom “halves” of newsprint on top of each other, with their half‐ folds on top of each other. Cut a diagonal across all the sheets of newsprint. When cutting this diagonal remember that we will be cutting off the fold on the side closest in this picture. The distances marked by red arrows in the picture should be equal in the finished pieces. Review the pictures that follow for a clearer understanding. 4. Cut off the fold making sure the narrow ends are the same width as the narrow ends you cut in step 3 (narrow ends are marked by red arrows in step 3). 5. You should now have 16 sheets that will make up to 16 highly‐tapered Makigami strips. We won’t need all of these, but it’s good to have extras just in case you encounter problems rolling them. Page 75 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
7. one piece of newsprint as described in Chapter 2. For more detail. flip. 8. and saturate again. and begin to roll with light pressure. Curl the folded leading edge up.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 76 . We’ll use this to hold the Makigami strips temporarily as we roll them. please see Chapter 2. Wrap a long rubber band around the football. Use the bristles of your brush to lift the sheet and fold the leading edge up approximately one inch. Saturate.
As you complete rolling strips. Roll the Makigami strip just as you did in Chapter 2 (untapered). Page 77 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 10. 11.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. slip them under the rubber band. This is because it is tapered. Increase the pressure of your rolling to wring out excess liquid. I am forming the rounded edge of my planter (discussed later). Slip the thicker end of the strip under the rubber band. You will notice that the strip rolls in a bit of an arc. Notice that the tip of the first strip I rolled (middle) is further from the rubber band than the two subsequent strips. then go back to step 7 and roll the next strip.
We’ll be using the foot for this project. or narrower planter if you wish. but save the other piece of stocking as we will use it in other projects.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. which is enough for my planter. I’ve made 11 strips in this example. To keep it stable you can put it in a bowl. You can make a wider. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 78 . As you add more strips. your ball will become top heavy. Cut the foot off your nylon stocking. 14. 13.
16. Carefully press the wide area of your planter against the surface of the ball while at the same time bending the narrow area around the tip of the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Page 79 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Don’t worry if your strips move around. Carefully remove the rubber band from inside the stocking. we’ll fix that in a later step. 17. Carefully put the ball and strips into the stocking foot.
Gather the loose open end of the stocking foot in your hand and…… 19. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 80 . Attach a clothespin to hold the tightened stocking in place.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. 20. twist it to tighten the stocking around the ball.
take a look at the overall shape of the planter. 21. set aside the work to dry for a day or two. Page 81 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . After you’ve pushed the strips into what seems like good alignment. Use your fingers to push the Makigami strips into desirable positions. If you’re satisfied.Origami Bonsai Accessories The positions of the Makigami strips pictured here are typical after the stocking has been tightened. We don’t want our finished product to look like this. 22.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 82 . Notice that I’ve got some long gaps in what I’d like to be a solid surface toward the top of the photograph. It’s important that the Makigami strips stay attached to the ball. carefully remove the stocking. Inspect your work. 24. don’t worry. Paint the Makigami strips with a mixture of three parts wood glue and one part water. as that’s where the nylon tends to get stuck. If you have these gaps. it will be easily fixed in a later step. 25.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. Be extra careful near the ends of the Makigami strips. Once the strips have dried.
To do this. Also gather two clothespins and two rubber bands. Be careful not to apply pressure to the planter. You should hear the planter begin to come unstuck. We want to remove the planter from the ball without causing it to fall apart. release some air from it. Paint an extra layer of the mixture on the narrow end of the planter. Please look at the next two pictures on the following page before attempting this step. 27. Once your planter has dried you will need to mix some wood glue with a small amount of water. apply pressure to the ball with your thumbs around the planter. This extra amount of glue should ensure a successful removal. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours.Origami Bonsai Accessories 26. roughly the thickness of heavy cream. Page 83 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . If it is hard to press on the ball. It is this end that will hold the planter together when we remove it from the ball.
As the planter loosens there is a danger that it will fall. work on the curly area. Set aside the ball. so hold it close to your work surface. releasing it from the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories Continue working your way around the planter. Once you’ve gotten the wide area released. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 84 .
Paint the areas of the planter that were facing the ball with a generous amount of the wood glue and water mixture. 28. but they’ll be filled with glue and paint when you add a finish to your planter. I’ll show you an easy way to eliminate these. Don’t try to close all the gaps.Origami Bonsai Accessories If your planter is like mine there will be long gaps between some of the Makigami strips. You can squeeze your planter’s gaps together to help the rubber bands close the biggest gaps. so don’t worry about them. Page 85 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 29. Wrap the rubber bands around your work and then use the clothespins to tighten them. but don’t squeeze too hard or you will collapse the planter. Some small gaps will remain.
plug in your hot glue gun. Draw an arc across the wide end of your planter. 30. Also gather a pencil and wire cutters. so I’m not worried about them. 31.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is a view of the other side of the planter. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours. Once your planter has dried. Remove the rubber bands and clothespins. You can’t see some small gaps I was unable to close. but they’ll be filled when I add a finish to the planter. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 86 .
Page 87 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . this is important. Transfer your arc line to the bottom of the planter so you’ll know where to cut on the other strips. Cut the strips until you’re about half way across the wide edge of the planter. 34. 33. as you don’t want the planter absorbing the force of your cut.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. Use your wire cutters to cut off the tips of the Makigami stems following the arc you drew in step 31. Cut the rest of the Makigami strips across the line you made in step 34. Notice that the angled cutting blades are facing away from the planter in the picture.
35. at a point where the planter becomes stable. Insert the strip under the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your planter should look similar to this. Here is another view. Use a Makigami strip from a previous work (Chapter 3) to stabilize your planter. If you are going to use your planter for a wall‐mounted sculpture then you should paint it with a finish (see Chapter 4). Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 88 . If you’re planning to use it for a free‐standing sculpture you should complete the following steps.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is another picture showing how I use a Makigami strip to stabilize my planter. Apply hot melt glue to the strip. Then draw a dark line on the newspaper indicating the position of the Makigami strip you’re using to stabilize the planter. Put your planter on a piece of newspaper and trace a line representing the wide end of the planter onto the newspaper. 37. Lift the planter. Page 89 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . leaving the stabilizing strip behind. 36.
I always check to see how stable it is.Origami Bonsai Accessories 38. but before you paint the final coat of finish on it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 90 . Now refer to Chapter 4 to paint a finish on the planter. You can use a paper pebble. Use the tracing you made in step 37 to help orient the planter onto the stabilizing Makigami strip. so I’m going to add a paper pebble (Advanced Origami Bonsai) to stabilize it. I’ve learned through experience to make my planters as stable as I possibly can. or a small piece of Makigami. Place your planter back on top of the strip. refer back here to the following steps. Your planter should look similar to this. This planter tended to wobble. After I paint two coats of finish on my planter (here it’s faux oak which I’m going to follow with a coat of gray).
Origami Bonsai Accessories 39. 40. Page 91 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Turn the planter over and apply glue around the pebble without moving it. Use a brush to apply some glue to both the pebble and the planter. Position the pebble where it will eliminate any wobble the planter might have. 41.
If it isn’t. go back to step 39. hence the excess glue. so I moved it. Here’s another view of my pebble.Origami Bonsai Accessories 42. The glue will never be seen once I paint my planter with its final coat of finish. Set the planter back down and verify that the pebble is in the right spot. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 92 . After I completed step 42 I discovered a little bit better spot.
Because of the number of coats of paint I lost some of the color complexity. which is not what I intended. however the mixture of white acrylic paint.Origami Bonsai Accessories I thought a white‐wash look would be best for this planter. Page 93 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . wood glue and water was not dilute enough. Luckily I can repaint it with the faux oak finish (pictured below). I ended up with a putty colored planter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Fractal Wave Planters Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 94 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 95 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 96 .
or some similar natural material.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. There is something about the natural curve. I use this type of planter for both free standing and wall mounted sculptures. It creates a beautiful. combined with the taper and the narrowness of the surface that make these planters look special. In free standing sculptures I add legs to the planter. and how thin the edges appear to be. Shallow Tapered Planters The shallow tapered planter will probably become one of your favorites. but they are actually quite durable because we use highly tapered Makigami strips to make them. but that’s not visible in the finished creation. Page 97 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . dramatic look. These planters look fragile. For wall mounted Origami Bonsai trees I attach the planter at an angle. Notice the shallowness of the curve. The planter is thick and strong in the middle. They look like they were made from a piece of coconut shell. but they have an elegant beauty. They’re a little more work to make than the fractal wave planter.
Cut the half‐fold off. We start with four pages of newsprint folded in half. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 98 . Cut one pair at the quarter‐fold. look at the pictures that follow. Once you’ve done this you should have eight strips of newsprint of the same width.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. keeping in mind that we’ll be cutting off the half‐ fold. If you’re confused. 3. 2. parallel to the half‐fold. and then quarter folded. Cut the newsprint in half. Separate your strips into pairs.
Cut the second pair approximately ½ inch shorter than the first pair. 6. Cut a fourth pair ½ inch shorter than the third pair.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Use the previous pair as a reference for cutting the next pair. 5. Cut a third pair ½ inch shorter than the second pair. Page 99 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
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7. Cut a fifth pair ½ inch shorter than the fourth pair. 8. Cut a sixth pair ½ inch shorter than the fifth pair. 9. Cut a seventh pair ½ inch shorter than the sixth pair.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
10. Cut the eighth pair ½ inch shorter than the seventh. 11. Arrange your strips so the right and bottom edges are even with each other. Start the cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Your strips should look like this. Page 101 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
12. Next, align the left and bottom edges and cut the strips at a 45 degree angle starting about one inch from the bottom. You will notice that you’re shortening the smaller pairs. This is key to obtaining a taper on the edges of your planter. Your strips should look like this. 13. Wrap a long rubber band around a full‐sized American football, rugby ball, or other similarly shaped ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 102
16. Start with the longest strips first. Cut the double‐thickness top and the foot off a nylon stocking. As you finish each strip insert it under the rubber band. This will create one large piece of nylon. and shortest are on the outside. Gather the stocking as if you were going to put it on lengthwise. Roll your newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips (see Chapter 2). and cut it. Arrange the strips such that the longest are in the middle. 15. Page 103 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Inspect your spacing and adjust each strip so they look like the picture here.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14.
Tighten the stocking such that the Makigami strips make contact with the surface of the ball. Place the stocking on top of your Makigami strips. Stretch the nylon stocking over one end of the ball and…. 19. We are just securing the middle of the planter. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 104 . Tape the side of the stocking to the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Secure this side with tape. 18. Notice that the ends of the Makigami strips have not yet been secured.
If you can. you can use tape to secure it. Page 105 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 22. If you can’t tuck it underneath. Allow them to dry overnight. with as few gaps as possible. 21. Tuck it underneath the rubber band. Align the Makigami strips so they are uniform.Origami Bonsai Accessories 20. Do the same procedure with the other end of the nylon stocking. tuck it under the rubber band.
.. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 106 .and this. Your strips should look like this…… . paint them with a mixture of wood glue and water that is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. We paint the mixture through the stocking onto the assembly of strips. After the strips have dried..Origami Bonsai Accessories 23.
25. Pull the nylon in the opposite direction (from step 25) to free the other side of the assembly of strips. Be careful. so you need to be careful. and watch for tiny threads of nylon that get caught on the tips of the Makigami strips. 26. Your planter is delicate at this point.Origami Bonsai Accessories 24. Pull the nylon stocking horizontally away from the ball to free one end of the assembly of Makigami strips. Page 107 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Very carefully remove the tape securing the nylon stocking to the ball.
Make sure you remove any excess with a dry brush. We will reattach strips and fix the long gap you see in this picture in the following steps.Origami Bonsai Accessories These planters are extremely delicate at this stage of their construction. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 108 . Paint another coat of wood glue diluted with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Keep the assembly on the ball. 27. I seldom make one that doesn’t partially come apart when I remove the stocking. Hold the assembly together as you paint it.
Squeeze any wide gaps together with your fingers. Notice that I still have narrow gaps. Page 109 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 29. You may need to release some of the air from the ball to create the gaps necessary between the ball and the assembly to free it. carefully apply pressure to the ball to release it. Your Makigami assembly should look like this.Origami Bonsai Accessories 28. It is only the basic assembly and wide gaps that we’re worried about. Once the assembly has dried. which I’ll fix in a step to follow. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Inspect the assembly before you allow it to dry.
Use a pencil to mark the position of each leg. If you’re making a free‐standing sculpture. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 110 .” If this planter is for a wall sculpture. Make a mark both on a piece of paper underneath the assembly and small marks on the assembly itself. skip to step 34. Do the same with the second leg. Apply some hot melt glue to one of the legs and attach it at the position you marked.Origami Bonsai Accessories 30. 32. cut some straight pieces of Makigami corresponding to the width of your planter to act as “legs. 31.
Page 111 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Trim the legs if necessary. In this picture. Close the smaller gaps by painting with a mixture of wood glue and water and then applying rubber band and clothespin clamps as we did in Chapter 5. the ends of the legs are exactly two Makigami‐strips from the outer edge of the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 33. Your planter should look like this. 34. Once you have become comfortable with making planters you can apply the clamps with your first coat of finish (see Chapter 4).
followed by two coats of black (see Chapter 4) I have a beautiful faux walnut planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories After a coat of brown. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 112 . I could have trimmed the tips of the Makigami strips at an angle to achieve a more rounded edge. but I prefer this look.
Notice how this perspective reveals the complexity of the planter to the viewer.Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Shallow Tapered Planters This sculpture “grows” from a planter that is mounted at an angle. Page 113 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 114 .Origami Bonsai Accessories This sculpture is both free standing and wall mountable. It casts dramatic shadows when wall‐mounted and lit from below.
of the Carnegie Institute. These forces compressed. When I read this. we need a new. causing it to bend. but also an expert in glues and papers. Useful Crescents We will now enter into applications where paper has never been before. stiffer Makigami rolling solution.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. and this new tax was aimed at curbing the use of disposable wooden chopsticks. this new version of Makigami creates durable products that can be worn. Gretchen Anderson. She is a museum conservator and preservationist. and eventually break. While paper has been used as a material for making plates. it has never been used to make durable household items and jewelry. In order to apply our techniques to these applications. Page 115 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but it lacked some of the characteristics necessary to be functional. and immediately tried making some. I turned to my cousin. I tried it. or used daily. but the invention is ready should the world need it. I needed something to act as a filler. and then caused indentations in the Makigami. I could use my techniques to make something that looked and felt like a chopstick. so indentations could not occur. She suggested corn starch. I wondered if I could make Makigami chopsticks. She suggested that I needed a starch to act as a stiffener. In March of 2006 the Chinese government introduced a five percent tax on wooden chopsticks. and it worked! My Makigami chopsticks have yet to be mass‐produced. I discovered that chopsticks are subject to large forces of compression between the fingers. My early attempts were met with frustration and failure. More importantly. Chopsticks have long been a target of environmentalists.
each one shorter than the previous. Most of the crescents I’ve made are assemblies of seven Makigami strips. on either side. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 116 . 2. In this example I’ll be making a pair of crescents that will be used for curtain tiebacks. 1. one long center strip with three shorter strips. Use a long twist tie to measure the circumference of whatever you plan to make crescents fit around. Bend or cut the twist tie to mark the circumference.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami crescents can be used for all sorts of things. Cut newsprint into wide strips as we’ve done in previous chapters. I’ve made napkin rings. If I’m going to make a pair of these it I will need two of the longest strips and four of each of the shorter strips. bangle bracelets and a type of curtain tieback that I think is particularly good looking.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 4. I cut four pieces about a half‐inch shorter (one pair for each tie back). Page 117 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I cut four more pieces of newsprint about a half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 4. I cut two pieces of newsprint (one for each tie back) using the twist tie I made in step 1 as a measuring tool. 5.
7. Cut the folded sheets on a diagonal. leaving a gap of about one half inch at the bottom. Fold the sheets you cut in step 6 in half.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. I cut the last four sheets about one half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 5. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 118 . 8.
Page 119 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You should have 14 sheets as shown here. Wrap your rubber bands around two tapered tumblers. 9. Fold in half and then cut the sheets you made in steps 3 through 5 in the same manner.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your sheets will look like this. 10.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 120 Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. Mix more durable Makigami rolling solution as follows: 32 parts Water 2 parts Wood Glue 2 parts Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch 12. Roll the newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips and then insert them under rubber bands as shown. .
forcing the Makigami strips against the surface of the cup. 14. You can use the clothespin temporarily to stabilize the cup.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. Gather the ends of the stocking. Lay one of the cups on its side. Page 121 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Drape one of the pieces of stocking across the strips. 15.
Notice that the ends of my strips curve slightly upwards. and will make assembling them more difficult. Allow the crescents to dry overnight. Repeat steps 13 through 17 for any additional crescents you rolled strips for. Tighten the twist until you see all the Makigami strips conform to the curve of the cup. Try to straighten the ends of your strips as much as possible. or until they do not feel cool to the touch. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 122 . we’ll correct this when we assemble the crescents.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Twist the ends of the stocking. 17. Use the clothespin to keep the twist from unraveling. but don’t worry. This is unavoidable.
so I have two long strips. a large brush. Remove the strips from the cups. and a small cup of water. 18. I am making two crescents. Page 123 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . a small brush.Origami Bonsai Accessories Once your strips are dry you can assemble them. You will need wood glue. followed by three pairs of shorter strips. I assemble the crescent by starting with the longest strip. Sort them by length as shown in this picture.
shorter strip is slightly offset. the strip in the background is not. and test to confirm it is straight by placing it on a flat work surface and looking for gaps between the strip and the surface. Flatten the longest strip (by carefully bending it as shown in Chapter 2). 20. You will need to perform this procedure on every strip before adding it to the assembly. Notice that the upper. This is key to both the beauty and the strength of the Makigami crescent. 21.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. The strip in the foreground of this picture is ready for assembly. Confirm the fit of the first member of your longest pair. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 124 . Apply a bead of wood glue to the edge of the strip with a small brush.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
22. Dip your larger brush in a cup of water and then use it to remove any excess glue on the seam of the assembly. Don’t forget to do this on the inside of the assembly as well. 23. Add the second member of the longest pair to the other side of the longest strip. Notice that both shorter strips are slightly offset towards the inside of the crescent. 24. Attach the next pair of strips.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
25. Attach the last pair of strips. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. If you’re making a second crescent, assemble it following the same instructions. 26. I’m often tempted not to round the ends of my crescents, but that is a mistake. The Makigami tips will wear out very quickly if left uncut. Use a pencil to draw an arc on both sides of your crescent’s ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 126
Origami Bonsai Accessories
27. Cut along the line you made in step 26 to create a rounded end on both sides of your crescent. Make sure the angled blades face away from your crescent when you cut it. The ends of your crescents should look like this after being cut.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
and then a final coat of dark blue. then black. Here is a set of Makigami crescents used as napkin rings. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 128 . The final color is quite complex. I molded them on small tumblers.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here are my tiebacks after they received three coats of finish (Chapter 4). I first applied a coat of yellow finish.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 129 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Examples of Assemblies of Dual‐Tapered Makigami Strips The following pictures are some examples of sculptures I have made with dual‐tapered Makigami strips. All of these planters were assembled in a manner similar to the crescents discussed in this chapter. Strips for the larger planters were molded on the large steel pot shown in Chapter 2. Strips for the smaller planters on the following pages were molded on a six inch diameter mailing tube. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 130 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 131 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 132 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 133 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 134 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 135 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 136 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 137 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 138 .
Teardrop Makigami Pendants By adding corn starch to the Makigami rolling solution. Pendants are subject to forces that I cannot predict. Makigami is an interesting material that has tremendous potential for artists and crafters. and variants of it. This shape. provides that protection. Page 139 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I discovered a material tough enough to withstand the rigors of daily wear. Now comes the hard part. That I developed this teardrop shape is no accident. the crescent. I was trying to develop a Makigami assembly that would protect delicate Origami inside it. the Origami models inside the pendant must be protected. As you complete the steps on the following pages. like that of a coat worn over the pendant. along with firmer Makigami strips. consider other shapes that might be created. on the tip of an American style football. One of those shapes. In order to remain undamaged. developing techniques for molding Makigami into usable shapes.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. Another shape I have developed is the teardrop pendant. One can easily mold this shape. It is important to be on the lookout for breakthroughs in design. was discussed in the previous chapter.
Fold the strips in half. Start by using a twist‐tie to measure the length of strips you need to create a pendant in the design you desire. Cut from the outer edge (right) starting about one half inch from the corner. Wrap the twist‐tie around the tip of a ball (in this case a smaller toy American football) mimicking the shape of the pendant you want to create. 3.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Cut sufficient strips of newsprint to create your project using the twist tie to measure their length. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 140 . In this example I’m making a pendant out of eight strips of Makigami. In this example I cut an arc rather than a straight line. 2. to give my taper a little more variation in thickness.
Next. roll your strips following the instructions in chapter 2 for dual‐taper strips. so I put my mold into a plastic bowl to stabilize it.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your paper should look like this after you make the cut. The strips make the mold top‐heavy. Wrap a rubber band around your mold (in my example a ball) to hold the strips. Page 141 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 5. 4.
checking for gaps. Bend the Makigami strips around the mold and then…. 8..Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. 7. and adjust them accordingly. Inspect your strips. Tuck them underneath the rubber band. Allow the assembly to dry overnight. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 142 .
Dilute some wood glue with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Allow the assembly to dry on the ball for at least four hours. Brush the assembly with a coat of the wood glue and water mixture. 11.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. This will ensure that the assembly comes off the mold in one piece. Carefully remove the rubber band without removing the Makigami assembly. 10. Page 143 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Make sure you apply an extra coat to the area where the strips overlap.
13. If necessary. Carefully release the assembly by pushing on the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 144 . Trim the tips of the Makigami strips as desired. release some air from the ball. Your pendant should look like this.
The next step is to attach a necklace to the pendant.” Page 145 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 14. I use rawhide which can be looped through the pendant and then tied around the wearer’s neck. wood glue and a small amount of water. In this case I’m using a product called “Gorilla Glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories I painted my pendant with two coats of a mixture of blue and black acrylic paint. I like to use a heavier duty glue to make this connection.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Pour some glue onto a small scrap of paper. In this example I will glue the strap horizontally on the underside of the pendant. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 146 . Loop your strap around the end of the pendant. Spread a bead of glue on the area where your strap will attach to the pendant. 17. strong connection with the pendant. Use a toothpick or leftover piece of Makigami as a tool to pick up the glue. Note where the strap will make a good. 16.
After the glue dries you can attach just about anything to the inside of the pendant. Be careful not to allow the clothespins to contact the glue or they could become a permanent part of your work. Page 147 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I saved some of my paint so I could give all the glued areas a touch‐up coat as a last step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. Put the strap into position and then clamp as necessary with clothespins.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 148 . Shown here are a group of Makigami strips drying. as well as the resultant pendant.Origami Bonsai Accessories The stocking technique can also be used for teardrop pendants.
Origami Bonsai Accessories x Page 149 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 150 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Quick Reference Guide Building Blocks Use these general rules for designing products made from Makigami. Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! Building Block 7: Once dry. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Page 151 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Building Block 2: All Makigami rolling solutions must contain at least one ingredient that acts as a lubricant. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper.
Recipe 1.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Recipes Choosing the proper Makigami solution for a project is important. Before you begin any project you should consider whether it will require the durability of recipe 3. Recipe 2. and the finished product will not have the durability required for daily use. Strong and Durable Makigami 32 parts Water 2 part Wood Glue 2 part Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch This recipe is a little harder to use in the rolling process (it seems slippery). choose recipe 2. but the resultant strips are quite durable. While the third recipe creates a durable form of Makigami. The rolling process is not as easy as the first recipe. Basic Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Acrylic Paint (any color) This is the first recipe I developed which was described in my book “Advanced Origami Bonsai. or handled roughly. Stronger Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Wood Glue 1 part Acrylic Paint – any color The second recipe can be used to make any of the projects presented in this book. Recipe 3. so you should stir your container of Makigami rolling solution each time you dip your brush in it. try this one. The corn starch tends not to mix completely. it is very easy to learn the rolling process with it. If your project isn’t going to be used daily. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 152 . it is also the most challenging to roll. If you’re having trouble learning to roll using the other recipes.” While this recipe does not make the strongest Makigami strips.
Click this image to watch a video that shows how to roll a tapered Makigami strip. Page 153 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Rolling Videos Click this image to watch a video showing how to roll an un‐tapered Makigami strip.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 154 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Click this picture to watch a video that shows how to roll a dual‐tapered Makigami strip.
Page 155 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I hope to use the same technique to mass produce long strips of Makigami for common consumer items like pens. or some other material that would pick up and then saturate the newsprint with Makigami solution as it entered the machine. and then allowed to cure in a large greenhouse. A piece of flexible material surrounded the two cylinders. You then pushed on the flexible material. however I believe it is important to share the technique I plan to pursue. suspended in a vat of Makigami rolling solution would provide variable tension. chopsticks and furniture. attached to molds. I believe this type of configuration would be capable of producing extremely strong material. which is the inspiration for this technique. You opened the machine (see picture). placed tobacco into the pocket between the rollers and then closed it. The rolling machine had two cylinders mounted in a bracket. toothbrush handles.Origami Bonsai Accessories Theoretical Mass Production Technique As of this writing I have not resolved all the encumbrances to mass production of Makigami. or stamped into shape. which forced the rollers to turn. Once rolled. the machine I’m thinking of will roll strips that are initially eight feet long. The only difference between the machine I envision and a cigarette rolling machine is size. Many years ago I rolled my own cigarettes with a handy little rolling machine. A third roller. while simultaneously inserting a rolling paper. The flexible material I described above would be replaced by cloth. the long strips of Makigami would be cut to length.
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