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Origami Bonsai Accessories
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010, Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. This document is not to be reproduced in any way without the express written consent of Benjamin John Coleman. Origami Bonsai® is a registered trademark of Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. I would like to thank Gretchen Anderson for helping me develop new Makigami rolling solutions as well as John and Annette Coleman for helping edit this book.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
1. Introduction 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. Simple Planters 4. Faux Wood Finishes 5. Fractal Wave Planters 6. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. Useful Crescents 8. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos
Page 3 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products.Origami Bonsai Accessories I. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not.000 BCE.000 BCE. metals. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. However. Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. Plastic is waterproof. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor. hemp and other plant matter. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. plastics and papers. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics. Animals mistake plastic for food. Interestingly. and plastic in 1862. Ceramics were first created in about 29. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 . The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. metals in 6. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. skeletal frames. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. paper in 105 AD. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass. but on a microscopic scale. Plastic has become common in the environment. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation. glass. but also as the primary component of various inventions. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death. These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material. Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees. glass in 3.000 BCE. Sadly.
There is much to discover in this new craft. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years.800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. making those sticks thicker. and others. Plastics are poured into molds. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects. paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. Gillette. The process for making Makigami is simple. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. and perhaps the solution is Makigami. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper. chopsticks. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. no one took the next step. for some reason. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. But until now. My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity.Origami Bonsai Accessories It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. I contacted major companies like Bic. Universities Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . not rolled). artistic creations. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. I did a significant amount of research. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution. My inquiries went unanswered. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. and all disposable consumer products. or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought. they know how to make virtually anything from them. as well as universities like MIT. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding. how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent.
Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. and that materials like paper. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 . We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them. Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. red. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. black. blue and yellow acrylic paints. Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. they can be combined. Buy a large container of it. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. will be rediscovered. This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. In the coming years perhaps this will change. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. You will not need a lot of it.Origami Bonsai Accessories like MIT are busy developing much stronger. And just like mathematical theorems. This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. Be advised. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds.
Each sheet of newsprint has two folds. Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work. an American football. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. a large deep cooking pan. For the purposes of this book. and the quarter fold. The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar. folds the sheet into quarters. and some tumblers (glasses). it is important that I define a piece of newsprint.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami. which is performed after the half fold. The half‐fold folds the sheet in half.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 . with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book. These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make. Repeated rolling. while applying extra pressure. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process.Origami Bonsai Accessories Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book. Different types of taper are defined below. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem.
but they could also be used to make paper buttons. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. Only recently developed.Origami Bonsai Accessories Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again. Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. so pay special attention to the rolling technique. It’s a bit harder to roll. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems. but quickly becomes narrow. and stays narrow for a long time.
I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 . It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. and looked more like cloth than paper. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton). Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me..Origami Bonsai Accessories Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. however there are other papers made from different plants. The paper was almost transparent. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. but I didn’t. I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above). A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper. and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project. as shown by the arrow.
the purple paper became a soft. brown color. A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. and observe how it tears.” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers. Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. Note the direction of the clean tear. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. Using this paper. The rolling rule.Origami Bonsai Accessories This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with. I used a yellow Makigami solution. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. Tear a piece of newsprint. After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. the individual layers of paper separated. however there might be a different use for them. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers. either horizontally or vertically. and then roll perpendicular to it. When mixed with the yellow liquid. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. Also. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. In thicker areas. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 .
campaigns. Badges are an excellent example of an application where Makigami can replace metal and plastic. because they attach like paperclips. or to make statements or express feelings. and that I had to learn to work with the material. You will also learn to make badges. Badges are useful items. not my will.Origami Bonsai Accessories 2. I soon realized that I was not working with plastic. they don’t damage clothing. They can be used as prizes for competitions. My early experiments with the material were attempts at forcing it to do things it could not. Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . changing my ideas so that they fit its capabilities. as this is the material most useful for branchlets upon which I attach leaves. Makigami Charms and Little Things My early days with Makigami were filled with frustration. I believe Makigami badges are superior to plastic and metal badges. These charms are durable enough that they can be worn. but highlighted with glimmers of hope. so they won’t persist in the environment for hundreds of years. This is the best way to teach its manufacture. You will learn to use this material to make charms with interesting patterns inside. I tried to mold tight 180 degree turns and complex shapes. and they’re eco‐friendly. In this chapter I revisit the un‐tapered version of the material that I used in the early days. I use un‐tapered Makigami in virtually every project I create.
This helps keep both sheets of paper aligned while I make the cuts. four inch wide pieces of paper. 3. As a general rule.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Makigami Charms We start with one full sheet of newsprint. you should never use previously folded areas of newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 14 . The folded center piece can be put in your recycling bin. Use a pair of scissors to make two cuts parallel to the fold approximately ¼ inch away from it. 2. Your sheet will look like this once you’ve made the cuts. Notice that I am cutting while holding the half‐fold. all printed on one sheet of paper. One full sheet of newsprint corresponds to four numbered pages from a newspaper. The larger pieces should be approximately equal in size and will be made up of two plies of paper. so I’ll be creating two. I’m holding the fold in my left hand. so the first step is to remove the quarter‐fold from the middle of the sheet. folded in half. 1. Rotate and cut one of the sheets approximately four inches from its outer edge.
You will now have eight almost identical pieces of paper. This allows you to accurately cut two more strips that are the same size as the previous ones. Cut the remaining sheet from step 1 in the same manner.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. This will be sufficient to complete both projects presented on the pages that follow. 7. Cut four of the strips from step 5 above in half lengthwise. Hold the remaining (from step 2) piece of paper over the strips you already cut. You will now have four wide and eight narrow strips of paper. 6. 5. Page 15 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
If you understand how the process works you’ll have an easier time mastering it. If you have been using the Makigami recipe from my second book. What is important is that you develop a feel for the material and begin to identify successfully rolled strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Introduction to Makigami Now I will introduce you to the first Makigami rolling solution presented in this book. The final consistency should be similar to un‐ whipped cream. As we roll the wet newsprint. the paper has to slide over itself for the process to work. This forms a slippery layer within the Makigami strip that allows the paper inside the rolled strip to slide. Basically. It is extremely important that you become able to identify the difference between a successfully rolled Makigami strip and a defective one. not just for making projects in this book. and how to avoid them. For this chapter’s projects the quality of your rolling is not important. we saturate a piece of newsprint with a special solution. During each step of the rolling process I will list problems that may occur. As we continue to roll the paper strip. the solution squeezes out of the pulp in the paper. Initially this seems impossible. In general this solution produces Makigami strips that have two to four times the tensile strength of those using the original recipe. between 60°F and 80°F. This is a friction‐abundant environment. this internal sliding causes the strip to become narrower and more densely packed with layers of paper. you should note that this recipe produces a thicker Makigami solution. Advanced Origami Bonsai. This means that you should not use warm water in your solution unless you plan to allow it to cool prior to using it. along with light force from our hands. Makigami is temperature sensitive and must be at room temperature. but also for making branches for Origami Bonsai trees. paintbrush. Makigami gains its strength from layers of paper that are tightly rolled around each other. but we use various physical properties. Basic Makigami Recipe Building Block 2: 16 Parts Water All Makigami rolling 1 Part Wood Glue solutions must contain at 1 Part Acrylic Paint – any color least one ingredient that In a clean jar combine the ingredients and mix with a acts as a lubricant. their source. I prefer this newer recipe. to do it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 16 .
I also recommend putting on latex gloves. 3. Page 17 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 1. 2. Latex gloves not only keep the paint off your hands. but less paint builds up on them and they allow you a little better grip when rolling. Spread a coat of Makigami solution on your tray with a soft brush. Put one of the larger pieces of newsprint on top of the solution you spread in step 1 and then add more solution. use the bristles of your paintbrush to lift the paper off the tray. spreading as above. We start with the larger pieces of paper. You’ll need to flip your paper to ensure it gets completely saturated. to completely saturate the paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories How to Roll Makigami Strips You will need a one inch wide paintbrush. To do this.
5. Visually inspect your sheet to confirm that it is completely saturated with solution. folded edge. slowly roll the paper up onto itself. 6.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. 7. Make sure there are no air bubbles under the fold. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 18 . add a little more solution and use your brush to remove any air bubbles trapped under the paper. You will end up with a loosely wrapped tube. Use your brush to lift the bottom. With only light pressure. Then use your brush to flatten the fold. Use your brush to lift the bottom edge of paper off the pan and then fold it up. After flipping. Curl it so it forms a tube across the bottom.
This will reduce drying time.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. 11. Page 19 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Long Strokes . Roll the rest of your bigger sheets following the same procedure. As the tube narrows. It will become a solid strip. 9. pick it up. After a few repetitions of rolling. you will notice that the tube becomes narrower. apply more pressure. 10. You’re done rolling when the top edge of paper is no longer visible. Applying light pressure. Roll the Makigami strip a few more times to get as much moisture out of it as possible. Once the strip is rolled as tight as it will get. apply more pressure. and then roll it again. in the same direction. roll the tube to the end of the pan.
3. You will eventually develop this skill to the point where you can roll strips that have the same thickness as angel hair pasta. 6.Origami Bonsai Accessories Now roll the smaller pieces of paper into narrower strips in the same manner. 1. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 20 Long Strokes . 4. The narrower the strips of paper. 2. 5. the more challenging they are to roll.
If you roll the thinnest strips first they might become too dry before they are attached to the molds. In this example I use two such objects.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molding Makigami Strips We started the rolling process with strips that would become the thickest for a reason: they take longer to dry. You will need to find some long. cylindrical objects around your house. you hang clothes hangers on it. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. 2. Page 21 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Wrap the strip tightly around the tube. The larger is a tube you will find in almost every closet in your home. You should always begin this way. The narrower cylinder is a ¼ inch dowel I bought at my local hardware store. closely parallel to itself. 1. Use masking tape to attach one end of a thicker strip to the clothes hanger tube. Now we’ll use masking tape to attach the strips to molds.
Repeat this process for any other thick strips you may have rolled. 5. Attach several of them to the narrower cylinder (the ¼ inch dowel I mentioned before) at an angle. It will end up looking a bit like a barber’s pole. Tear some of your masking tape in half for the narrower strips. Attach a piece of masking tape to the tube. as shown. Wrap the strips around the dowel maintaining the distance between previous wraps. 4. and then across the Makigami strip to secure the other end. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 22 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 3.
We will want some straight. Makigami strips. Page 23 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Tape the other end(s) to the dowel and allow to dry. narrow.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. so put some of them on a flat surface and allow them to dry. 5.
If you wish to reduce the drying time you can park your car in the sun and move your Makigami strips. I roll my Makigami in the early morning. If your Makigami smolders. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 24 . Once dry. about four hours for the narrower ones. attached to their molds. Within this recycled content there are often flakes of foil or metal from staples that got recycled along with the paper. which contain recycled paper. This includes strips that are as thick as one inch in diameter. We use newsprint. and allow your strips to dry inside your home. but it smolders at a much lower temperature. any paper that didn’t adhere properly to the strip can be trimmed off. It will take approximately 12 hours for the thicker strips to dry. Never attempt to dry Makigami in a microwave oven. Using an oven to dry Makigami turns an environmentally friendly art form into a global warming mess.” you may have a disaster on your hands. and they’re usually dry by early afternoon. you’ll never get the smoky smell out of it. I consider my truck a “solar oven” for curing my Makigami. I try to time my Makigami projects to correspond with sunny days. into direct sunlight inside the car. Paper burns at 451 degrees Fahrenheit (233 degrees C). Even if you set your oven to “warm. It wastes a tremendous amount of energy and is hazardous.Origami Bonsai Accessories Drying Makigami Strips It is best to be patient. These small pieces of metal will cause your strips to catch fire in a microwave. depending on the temperature and humidity of your home. You shouldn’t use your oven either. from newspapers. Drying time will be greatly reduced using this method. put the strips in my truck.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Removing Strips When Dry Most strips are easy to remove. Page 25 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . simply pull off the masking tape and slide the strips off. 2. The thicker strips we made for the outer ring of charms are harder to remove. Remove outer piece of masking tape. Tear inner piece of masking tape at overlap. Slide ring off cylinder. 3. so here’s how it’s done: 1.
1. Cut a second circle from the remaining. and simultaneously the adjacent tier to create a circle (see next image). use wire cutters to cut the strips approximately 1/8th inch from the end.Origami Bonsai Accessories In order to make charms we need a circular loop. 2. overlapped piece. Because the quality of the Makigami strip tends to vary at its ends. 3. Now you will have one Makigami circle and one with overlap. Cut this. Each thicker Makigami strip can be cut into two loops to make two charms. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 26 .
In this example. Bend the strip roughly three times as far to the left as it is molded to the right. the strip was molded. you should allow your creativity to flow. There are many shapes and patterns that can be made in this manner. Page 27 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembling Makigami Charms I will now show you how to construct a rudimentary charm from the Makigami strips you have created. You’ll need your glue gun and a glue dish if you’ve got one. We need to bend the Makigami strips to be perfect circles. to the right. 2. 1. and therefore naturally bends. Even though I illustrate how to create a very simple peace symbol.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 28 . After bending. 5. Close the strip and apply a small amount of pressure as the hot melt glue sets. 4. Open the strip and apply a small amount of hot melt glue to the end. the strip should naturally center. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3.
thinking about the curve of the circle you made in the previous section. Smooth the glued connection with the hot tip of your glue gun. Do this by looking down the strip so you can see the curl.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. 2. We use the narrower Makigami strip that was looped repeatedly around the ¼ inch dowel. Now cut the other end of the semi‐circle. for as many circles as you may have. Now we’ll make a small loop at the top of the circle which allows it to hang from a string or necklace. 1. Cut a semi‐circle out of the strip. Make the first cut so it will attach smoothly to the circle. starting from step one. again considering the curve of the circle you’re going to attach it to. Page 29 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Repeat.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Bend the semicircle……. 5. Dip the ends of the semi‐circle in hot melt glue. Attach the semi‐circle to the circle on either side of the previously glued connection. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 30 . You may need to trim the semi‐circle a bit to get a good fit. 6. So it fits properly on the Makigami circle you’ve already created. 4.
Simple Internal Assemblies for Charms We’re going to mount a peace sign inside our charm. Use wire cutters to cut longer pieces of the straight and narrow Makigami strip. narrow Makigami strips for this. A peace sign is fundamentally an upside down “Y. 1. Page 31 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . We use the straight. Repeat from step 1 for any additional circles you may have. 2. Cut two longer pieces. and four shorter ones to form a peace sign. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make the connections smooth.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. straight pieces of Makigami.” This means we’ll need one long and two short.
4. Glue one short strip to one long strip at an angle. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Think about how the upside down “Y” will be centered within the circle. but you can’t re‐lengthen a Makigami strip.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Remember.” 5. Trim the long strip first. Glue a second short strip to form a “Y. you can always shorten more after a cut. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut. Page 32 .
and a lot more glue. If you make a mistake it’s easy to create a new.” Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. 8. Make sure your upside down “Y” fits within the circle. better “Y. Page 33 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . you have a lot more of the straight Makigami strip to work with. Remember.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Dip the tips of the two shorter pieces of the peace sign in glue and……. Now trim the shorter strips so they fit inside the circle. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! 7.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. 11. and then return to the first to allow cooling in between. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 34 . 12. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make all glued connections smooth. attach them to the inside of the circle. 10. then move to another. Be careful not to heat the glue too hot. resulting in your assembly falling apart. Repeat these steps for as many peace signs you intend to make. Smooth one side of one connection. Glue the remaining end to the inside of the circle.
In this example I’m using red and blue so I’ll end up with purple peace signs. when the first coat is dry you can add a second. Page 35 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This look is unique to Makigami. 14.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. Notice the odd. peace‐sign color. Mix some acrylic paint and wood glue. If you wish. thinner coat of a different color. Drying your charms on aluminum foil will avoid problems that arise on other surfaces. simultaneously smooth and rough looking material. 15. I painted my charms with a final coat of pink which resulted in this funky. Paint your peace signs with a generous coat of the mixture. Paper will stick to the glue/acrylic paint mixture and ruin the finish.
Because they clip on to clothing. The finished button will be a little bit larger than the diameter of the tube you use. like a paper clip. like campaign buttons. so the wider the tube the larger the button. and a circle of printed paper. more recent buttons combine metal and plastic. These buttons are easy to make and useful. This is the length of Makigami we need to make each button. and they’re not just for campaigns. 1. they’re all still there. or twist a group of bread ties together. These are three part buttons which consist of a clip ring. Wrap it around your tube allowing it to overlap itself by about two inches. In this example I use the same clothing hanger tube I used in the previous one. A little ingenuity along with an eco‐friendly material results in a solution to an environmental problem ‐ without sacrificing utility. Initially made from metal. nor will they draw blood like the pins on old‐style buttons. a narrow ring. they won’t damage what they’re attached to. Bend the twist tie at the two inch overlap point as a marker. that can be recycled in your paper recycling bin. and to communicate virtually anything you can think of in an environmentally friendly way. and will be for another 450 years. or use a piece of string. Measure the circumference of the tube upon which you plan to mold your buttons. they will biodegrade in less than three months. Because metal and plastic degrade slowly. If exposed to the elements. All these buttons have one thing in common ‐ the vast majority ended up in landfills. They can be used to acknowledge achievements. 2. Use a long twist tie. In this section I illustrate how to make buttons. as trophies for contests.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Clip‐on Buttons Over the years we’ve had thousands of elections for which millions of campaign buttons were made. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 36 . This is a good example the versatility of Makigami.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Cut a sheet of newsprint in half in the long direction. Cut the fold off the half it’s attached to. 5. 4. starting the diagonal cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge and cutting all the way to the fold. Each piece represents one button. See step 7 (after the cut) if this seems confusing. Use the twist tie you made in step 2 to cut the newsprint to the proper length. 6. You should now have a stack of newsprint pieces that are the correct length. Page 37 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Fold them in half and cut them diagonally.
8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Roll half as many of these as you roll double‐tapered strips. Roll all your strips. I rolled four double‐tapered strips and two long narrow ones. 10. 9. Also cut some narrow strips (2 inches wide). like the ones used in the previous project. Use smaller. Your newsprint pieces should look like this. Long pushes will result in the strip tearing at its thickest point. Double‐tapered strips like the ones we made in steps 1 through 7 require a different movement when rolling. Short Strokes Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 38 . This will be enough material to make four buttons. short pushes of your fingertips rather than long ones.
Page 39 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Attach the strips to the same mold you used to measure.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11.
Here are four button designs I’m going to use in this section. Finding a tube of this diameter would be a challenge.” This means that we can cut our rings slightly larger. You can make buttons from magazines.Origami Bonsai Accessories The fun part of making buttons is deciding what to put on them. If you used a clothes hanger rod to mold your strips you’ll get two narrow rings of the correct diameter from each one. Cut your designs into circles that are about an inch greater in diameter than your clip‐rings. Cut the narrow rings so they fit around the clip‐on rings with about 1/32 of an inch to spare. 1. We need a lot of extra space so glue won’t end up on the face of our buttons. This will leave a gap between the clip‐on ring and the narrow ring that we’ll need. but I’m cutting the narrow ring about 1/8th of an inch too long. 2. It’s hard to see here. Once dry. because we’re securing them within the button. In a perfect world we would have had a second tube of slightly greater diameter than the clothes hanger rod we’re using. and bend them into circles. web photos. but luckily building block four says “Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. remove your Makigami strips from the mold. or create your own designs in graphic programs. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 40 .
Use a glossy magazine to protect your work surface. If the glue gets spread beyond the edge it might end up on the face of the button. It should be fairly thick mixture. but try not to spread the glue over the edge. Mix wood glue with a small amount of water in a cup. 4. Spread the mixture on your button circle. We want the outer margin of the circle to become damp. Bend the narrow ring so that it forms as perfect a circle as possible. You also need a small paintbrush with short bristles. 3. Page 41 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories This picture shows the desired gap between the narrow ring and the clip‐on ring.
Use your fingers to secure the narrow ring while you do this. Press down hard with your paintbrush along the inner edge of the narrow ring.Origami Bonsai Accessories The narrow ring is held flat against the work surface for steps 6 and 7. For example. 8. 7. Use your paintbrush to lift the outer edge and fold it along the narrow ring towards the center of the button. 6. When you insert the clip‐on ring you should consider where the top of the pin will end up when someone is going to wear it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 42 . As you gain more experience you can make buttons specifically designed to attach to collars versus lapels. paper sun catchers (circles of stained glass) can be made in the same manner but with larger rings. It is important to seat the clip‐on ring properly. Insert the clip‐on ring into the middle. Lift and fold in this manner for the entire circumference of the circle. but if you push too hard without supporting the other side you will tear the paper. Pinch it into place being sure to support the front of the button with your index fingers. You want to press and compact the paper into the inner edge of the narrow ring. This technique has many applications beyond making buttons.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 43 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
I make a large number of strips. I use this type of planter when I make chess sets. cut them down to standard sizes. assembling them can be a challenge. Un‐tapered strips of Makigami will be molded and assembled into basic.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. but beautiful planters. This method for making planters is particularly useful when you plan to make more than one planter of the same design. It is easy to make a large number of identical planters using this technique. I have used this technique in many of my works. While the process for making and molding the Makigami strips is simple. and then assemble them into tiny planters upon which Origami Bonsai chess pieces will be mounted. Simple Planters We will now use some of the skills we learned in the previous chapter to make planters. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 44 .
3. This tells me where to cut the fold off. Page 45 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I would like to cut the sheets in half.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. so I hold the fold in my left hand while looking at the sheets I just cut. Start with two pages of newsprint folded in half. so I’ll make my first cut slightly further than in half because I’m going to cut the fold off in the next step. Cut the quarter‐fold out of the sheets as shown here. Put the fold in your recycling bin. I want all the sheets to have the same width. 2. Combine the sheets. but can’t because I don’t want to use the fold (in my left hand in the picture).
and one inch wider than the combined width of your strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. so I’ll allow them to dry straight. You will also need a piece of cloth. Find a large. wide pot to use as a mold. Roll the strips according to the instructions on page 16. They should be attached approximately one quarter inch from the edges. 5. Attach four pieces of masking tape to the cloth. 6. Each piece of tape needs to be at least six inches long. but you may want to make them even longer. But even if it does come loose and your strips don’t mold evenly. I now have 16 sheets for making Makigami strips. we can compensate when we do the assembling. The remaining folds can be put in the recycling bin. I will mold 14 of the strips. the less likely it is to come unstuck. cut approximately one inch longer than your strips. As the strips dry there is a tendency for the tape to detach. The longer your piece of tape. Two of the strips will be used on the bottoms of the planters. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 46 .
8. Arrange your strips evenly and balance them on top of the mold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. 9. Place the cloth with tape on it on top of the strips. and then pressing the tape against the mold. Carefully run your hands over the cloth. Make sure the tape is secure before proceeding to the next step. pressing the strips against the mold. Page 47 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
and then tighten it as you stick it to the mold. one at a time. Add another long piece of tape to the loose area. and pulling on the free end while simultaneously pressing on the tape which is attached to the cloth. Attach it to the cloth first. Add a piece of tape to the other side just as you did in step 11. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 48 . 11. Your cloth will develop a loose area between the two pieces of tape. 12.Origami Bonsai Accessories 10. Tighten the pieces of tape by lifting them up.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here’s a picture of the right side of my mold. Don’t worry if the tape comes unstuck. To reduce drying time you can put your strips. 13. They should be dry in an hour or two. in a hot sunny car to dry. Page 49 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . we can compensate for any difference in molding when we do the assembly. And the left side. attached to the mold.
Inspect your strips to confirm they are dry. 15. They should feel slightly warm to the touch.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. If they feel cold then moisture is still evaporating from them and they should be left in a sunny location to dry completely. The tips of Makigami strips tend not to roll properly. When the cloth feels dry. Warning: Makigami strips that are cold to the touch while assembled will warp after assembly. remove it. 16. so you should cut approximately 1/8th inch off both ends of each strip Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 50 .
Page 51 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. You can use a previously cut strip as a guide for cutting the other strips. . It is mounted in a planter similar to those we make in this chapter. Cut each Makigami strip in half. I call the sculpture pictured at the right “Sole Survivor” because it looks windswept and has only one flower.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 52 Building Block 7: Once dry. Use your fingers to gently bend the strip slightly in the direction you need. and can be resolved by carefully bending the less‐curved strip to match the more‐curved strip.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembly of a Flat‐Curved Planter 1. You may notice that their curves differ slightly. You must perform this step with each Makigami strip as your assembly progresses. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. 2. . Compare the curves of two of your cut Makigami strips. This is common. When you feel the strip begin to bend immediately reduce your pressure on it. The difference between bending a strip and breaking one is only slight.
Assemble the first two strips. 5. Use a small paintbrush to apply a bead of glue all along one side of one of the strips. If you did.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 4. Page 53 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Compare the curves again to confirm that you didn’t over or under bend the strip. return to step one.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 54 . Bend the strip if necessary before applying glue. 8. Prepare a third strip to be added to the assembly by comparing its curve to that of the assembly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Rinse the brush in water and wipe off the excess glue on the inside of the curve. 7. Wet a larger brush with water and use it to wipe off excess glue on the outside of the assembly’s curve.
Page 55 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This will become almost invisible when the planter is painted. Here is my completed assembly with 9 strips. Notice that the curve is not perfect.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is my assembly with three strips. Here is my assembly with four strips. Allow the glue to dry for at least four hours before proceeding to the next step.
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We will now add a curve to each end of the assembly by trimming the ends of each Makigami strip. 9. Draw an arc on both ends of your assembly. 10. Cut one half of the arc with wire cutters. Notice that I have the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 56
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11. Flip the assembly over and draw the arc on the back side. 12. Trim the assembly on the line you made in step 11. Again notice that I have the angled blades of the cutter facing away from the assembly. In step 10 I was trimming the assembly on the concave side of the curve, in step 12 I’m trimming on the convex side of the curve. This combination; trimming with the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly, and trimming the first half of the curve on the concave side, and the second half on the convex side, allows the pressure applied by the wire cutters to be absorbed by the discarding trimming rather than the assembly. If you attempt to cut any other way, the pressure of your blades will be partially absorbed by the assembly. When the assembly absorbs the force it results in splits, gaps, and cracks. Page 57 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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Repeat steps 9 through 11 on the other side of the assembly. When complete, your assembly should look like this. 12. We will now add two “legs” to our assembly. Trim the ends off the unmolded Makigami strip you made. 13. Hold the unmolded strip against the assembly and cut the first leg leaving a gap between its ends and the outside of the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 58
You don’t want the center of the assembly touching the top of your work surface as this reduces the appeal of the finished planter. until the height is equal. adjust the legs. If they’re not. Confirm that the ends of the assembly are at the same height. You should now have an assembly of strips and two legs. You also want to make sure that the legs are sufficiently close to the center of the assembly. 15. Use the leg you cut in step 13 to measure cutting a second leg. Use the legs to support the assembly. either outward or inward.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Page 59 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
17.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Apply hot melt glue to one of the legs. Transfer the marks made in step 16 to the bottom of the assembly. 18. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 60 . Mark the position of each leg on the assembly.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Repeat this procedure with the second leg. Attach the leg to the bottom of the assembly at the point you marked. Your planter should look like this. Page 61 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
from the keel outwards. The shallow‐bowl planter can be completed with two legs just as the flat‐curved planter was. This planter is assembled much like a boat. Rather than assembling each Makigami strip to create a flat surface. instead we start with a center strip. In other words. we assemble this planter from the center out. I’m using one long stabilizing leg. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 62 . rather than from one side to the other as we did in the flat‐curved planter. Shown at right.Origami Bonsai Accessories Shallow Bowl Planter An alternative to the flat‐ curved planter is the shallow‐ bowl planter. I then cut the un‐molded strip to size. with one long stabilizing leg. During assembly It is important that strips are added first to one side of the center strip. I set the assembly on my work surface and slide a non‐ molded piece of Makigami underneath the back of it. or it can be finished at an angle. This creates a shallow bowl. Strips of Makigami are added to each side of the center at a slight upward offset. and then to the other side of the center strip.
Origami Bonsai Accessories I remove the strip. add some hot melt glue to it. Page 63 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and return it into position.
My faux finishes all start with a slightly diluted (with water). they are also not approved for direct contact with food. by all means do so. The planters presented in this book would make excellent serving dishes for small appetizers like sushi. Unpainted Makigami will absorb moisture. One coat of this mixture gets painted onto every surface of the work. From a distance. This is followed by either one or two coats of a diluted (with water) mixture of paint and wood glue. foil. waxed paper or the like to ensure you protect both yourself and the Makigami. As you finish a project you will notice that the newspaper print is visible in your work. If it gets exposed to a lot of moisture. Use something like a doily. like a spilled glass of water. this seemingly random printing looks much like the swirling pattern of real wood. as long as it’s not left soaking in liquid. While the materials we use are not toxic. You may be tempted to leave your work unpainted. Perhaps a word of caution ought to be added at this point. Always allow your work to dry for at least four hours between coats. If you opt to serve food on your Makigami creations.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. as long as you provide a barrier between the Makigami and the food. even from the air. I would advise against this. 50‐50 mixture of paint and wood glue. Faux Wood Finishes What is the best feature of using recycled newspaper in Makigami? The answer might be that it’s been printed on. In this chapter I will show you how to create various finishes that mimic the look of different varieties of wood. By painting your work with a good coat of wood glue and paint you will ensure that it will last a lifetime. it will be destroyed. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 64 . and start to warp.
Make sure you carefully paint the ends of your planter. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Bamboo 1. secondly it keeps my fingerprints off what I’m painting. This mixture should be dilute enough that it will easily flow into cracks and crevises. but thick enough that it creates a bold color change in the work. The first is it keeps one hand (the one holding the work) clean. Page 65 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Carefully paint every surface of your work. To create a faux bamboo finish we begin with a coat of yellow acrylic paint mixed with wood glue and a small amount of water. Unpainted areas will reduce the impact of your finished work. I usually wear gloves for two reasons.
This mixture should be quite thin. If it is cool to the touch it isn’t dry yet. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 66 . and tops (often hidden from view by the planter) of the “legs” of the planter. Run your brush over these areas. similar to the thickness of heavy cream. then set your planter down on a piece of aluminum foil and touch up the area where you had been holding it. Now we add a coat of 50‐50 acrylic green paint mixed with wood glue which is then diluted with water.Origami Bonsai Accessories Don’t forget to paint the ends. 3. Once you’ve finished painting the first coat you should allow your planter to dry for about four hours. Carefully inspect your planter for areas that you might have missed with paint. and areas with pools of paint.
Page 67 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and then work it into the cracks and crevises of the planter. As long as your mixture is sufficiently dilute you won’t lose the complexity that recycled newspaper adds to the overall look.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. If you want a more aged‐looking bamboo. similar to the mixture you created in step 3. try using black acrylic paint. you can adjust the shade of your finished planter with additional coats of a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic paint and glue. If you wish. Apply the mixture liberally at first. with water to dilute. 5. try using brown. If you think the planter is too bright. Allow the planter to dry for at least four hours.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 68 .
paint your planter with a 50‐50 mixture of brown acrylic paint and wood glue. working it into cracks and crevises. Once the first coat has dried. Page 69 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Oak 1. 3. Start with a 50‐50 mixture of yellow acrylic paint and wood glue slighly diluted with water. Dilute the mixture with water until it is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. Then use your brush to remove any pooled paint. 2. Apply the mixture liberally at first.
The faux oak finish. is my favorite. picture above. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours on aluminum foil.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 70 .
To create a faux redwood finish we begin with a 50‐50 mixture of red acrylic paint and wood glue slightly diluted with water. Mix a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic brown and wood glue. Paint all the surfaces of the planter with this mixture. Make sure you cover all areas with paint. Allow your planter to dry for at last four hours before the next step. and then dilute it with water until it is approximately as thick as heavy cream. Page 71 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Allow your planter to dry on aluminum foil for at least four hours. 3. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Redwood 1.
as sometimes the initial red coat of paint is too bright.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 72 . diluted with water to the consistency of heavy cream. If you would like a walnut finish. add a third of the same mixture. You may even want to add a fourth coat. add a coat or two of 50‐50 black acrylic and wood glue. Once the second coat has dried.
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5. Fractal Wave Planters
I must confess, I love these planters! A narrow, highly tapered and acutely curved tip rotates, widens, and becomes a wide shallow bowl. I discovered the process by which they are made completely by accident. I wanted to create a planter with more curves, but at the same time was having serious problems with assembly. It seemed that as a planter’s “curviness” increased, it’s assembly time increased exponentially. One day as I removed a planter from its mold I discovered that it stayed together. I stopped trying to take dry planters off the mold, and instead worked on reinforcing them so that they could be removed from the mold as a complete assembly. I developed a technique where glue diluted with water is painted onto dry Makigami strips while they are still on their mold. Since discovering this technique I’ve developed similar ones for other types of planters, presented later in this book. I think you will enjoy making these planters. It seems no one has seen anything like these designs before. Perhaps it would be best if we didn’t tell them how easy they are to make. You should read this entire chapter before attempting to make a fractal wave planter. There are common problems encountered during their creation that will cause you great frustration if you don’t know that they’re resolved in the end.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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You will need the following items to complete this project: Four pages of newsprint A pair of scissors An American‐style toy football Two clothespins Two long rubber bands One nylon stocking A pencil, wire cutters and hot melt glue gun. 1. Start by cutting the newsprint approximately an inch and a half from the fold. 2. Perform the same cut on the lower half of the newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 74
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3. Place the top and bottom “halves” of newsprint on top of each other, with their half‐ folds on top of each other. Cut a diagonal across all the sheets of newsprint. When cutting this diagonal remember that we will be cutting off the fold on the side closest in this picture. The distances marked by red arrows in the picture should be equal in the finished pieces. Review the pictures that follow for a clearer understanding. 4. Cut off the fold making sure the narrow ends are the same width as the narrow ends you cut in step 3 (narrow ends are marked by red arrows in step 3). 5. You should now have 16 sheets that will make up to 16 highly‐tapered Makigami strips. We won’t need all of these, but it’s good to have extras just in case you encounter problems rolling them. Page 75 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Saturate. We’ll use this to hold the Makigami strips temporarily as we roll them. Curl the folded leading edge up.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Use the bristles of your brush to lift the sheet and fold the leading edge up approximately one inch. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 76 . and saturate again. and begin to roll with light pressure. one piece of newsprint as described in Chapter 2. 8. flip. 7. For more detail. please see Chapter 2. Wrap a long rubber band around the football.
Increase the pressure of your rolling to wring out excess liquid.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. Page 77 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This is because it is tapered. You will notice that the strip rolls in a bit of an arc. slip them under the rubber band. I am forming the rounded edge of my planter (discussed later). then go back to step 7 and roll the next strip. 11. Slip the thicker end of the strip under the rubber band. Roll the Makigami strip just as you did in Chapter 2 (untapered). As you complete rolling strips. Notice that the tip of the first strip I rolled (middle) is further from the rubber band than the two subsequent strips. 10.
To keep it stable you can put it in a bowl. 13. your ball will become top heavy. or narrower planter if you wish. Cut the foot off your nylon stocking. but save the other piece of stocking as we will use it in other projects. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 78 . As you add more strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. 14. which is enough for my planter. We’ll be using the foot for this project. I’ve made 11 strips in this example. You can make a wider.
17. Carefully press the wide area of your planter against the surface of the ball while at the same time bending the narrow area around the tip of the ball. we’ll fix that in a later step. Carefully remove the rubber band from inside the stocking. Don’t worry if your strips move around.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. 16. Carefully put the ball and strips into the stocking foot. Page 79 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
20. twist it to tighten the stocking around the ball. Gather the loose open end of the stocking foot in your hand and…… 19. Attach a clothespin to hold the tightened stocking in place.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 80 .
21.Origami Bonsai Accessories The positions of the Makigami strips pictured here are typical after the stocking has been tightened. take a look at the overall shape of the planter. set aside the work to dry for a day or two. After you’ve pushed the strips into what seems like good alignment. Page 81 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 22. Use your fingers to push the Makigami strips into desirable positions. We don’t want our finished product to look like this. If you’re satisfied.
25. don’t worry. 24. as that’s where the nylon tends to get stuck. Inspect your work. Paint the Makigami strips with a mixture of three parts wood glue and one part water. It’s important that the Makigami strips stay attached to the ball. it will be easily fixed in a later step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. Once the strips have dried. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 82 . carefully remove the stocking. Be extra careful near the ends of the Makigami strips. Notice that I’ve got some long gaps in what I’d like to be a solid surface toward the top of the photograph. If you have these gaps.
Be careful not to apply pressure to the planter. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. This extra amount of glue should ensure a successful removal. Page 83 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . roughly the thickness of heavy cream. 27. Please look at the next two pictures on the following page before attempting this step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 26. Paint an extra layer of the mixture on the narrow end of the planter. apply pressure to the ball with your thumbs around the planter. Once your planter has dried you will need to mix some wood glue with a small amount of water. If it is hard to press on the ball. You should hear the planter begin to come unstuck. We want to remove the planter from the ball without causing it to fall apart. To do this. It is this end that will hold the planter together when we remove it from the ball. release some air from it. Also gather two clothespins and two rubber bands.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Continue working your way around the planter. so hold it close to your work surface. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 84 . As the planter loosens there is a danger that it will fall. Once you’ve gotten the wide area released. Set aside the ball. work on the curly area. releasing it from the ball.
Paint the areas of the planter that were facing the ball with a generous amount of the wood glue and water mixture. 28. so don’t worry about them. 29. Don’t try to close all the gaps. but they’ll be filled with glue and paint when you add a finish to your planter. Wrap the rubber bands around your work and then use the clothespins to tighten them.Origami Bonsai Accessories If your planter is like mine there will be long gaps between some of the Makigami strips. Some small gaps will remain. I’ll show you an easy way to eliminate these. Page 85 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but don’t squeeze too hard or you will collapse the planter. You can squeeze your planter’s gaps together to help the rubber bands close the biggest gaps.
Remove the rubber bands and clothespins. 31.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is a view of the other side of the planter. Also gather a pencil and wire cutters. Draw an arc across the wide end of your planter. Once your planter has dried. so I’m not worried about them. but they’ll be filled when I add a finish to the planter. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 86 . plug in your hot glue gun. 30. You can’t see some small gaps I was unable to close.
Transfer your arc line to the bottom of the planter so you’ll know where to cut on the other strips. Cut the rest of the Makigami strips across the line you made in step 34. this is important. Cut the strips until you’re about half way across the wide edge of the planter. Use your wire cutters to cut off the tips of the Makigami stems following the arc you drew in step 31. 33.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. 34. Page 87 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . as you don’t want the planter absorbing the force of your cut. Notice that the angled cutting blades are facing away from the planter in the picture.
Here is another view. Insert the strip under the planter. If you are going to use your planter for a wall‐mounted sculpture then you should paint it with a finish (see Chapter 4). If you’re planning to use it for a free‐standing sculpture you should complete the following steps. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 88 . 35. Use a Makigami strip from a previous work (Chapter 3) to stabilize your planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your planter should look similar to this. at a point where the planter becomes stable.
Lift the planter. Apply hot melt glue to the strip. leaving the stabilizing strip behind. Then draw a dark line on the newspaper indicating the position of the Makigami strip you’re using to stabilize the planter. Page 89 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 36. Put your planter on a piece of newspaper and trace a line representing the wide end of the planter onto the newspaper.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is another picture showing how I use a Makigami strip to stabilize my planter. 37.
Your planter should look similar to this. Use the tracing you made in step 37 to help orient the planter onto the stabilizing Makigami strip. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 90 . After I paint two coats of finish on my planter (here it’s faux oak which I’m going to follow with a coat of gray). I always check to see how stable it is. You can use a paper pebble. or a small piece of Makigami. I’ve learned through experience to make my planters as stable as I possibly can. Place your planter back on top of the strip. refer back here to the following steps. so I’m going to add a paper pebble (Advanced Origami Bonsai) to stabilize it. This planter tended to wobble. Now refer to Chapter 4 to paint a finish on the planter. but before you paint the final coat of finish on it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 38.
Position the pebble where it will eliminate any wobble the planter might have. 40.Origami Bonsai Accessories 39. Use a brush to apply some glue to both the pebble and the planter. Page 91 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 41. Turn the planter over and apply glue around the pebble without moving it.
so I moved it. Here’s another view of my pebble. Set the planter back down and verify that the pebble is in the right spot.Origami Bonsai Accessories 42. The glue will never be seen once I paint my planter with its final coat of finish. go back to step 39. After I completed step 42 I discovered a little bit better spot. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 92 . hence the excess glue. If it isn’t.
Because of the number of coats of paint I lost some of the color complexity. Luckily I can repaint it with the faux oak finish (pictured below). which is not what I intended.Origami Bonsai Accessories I thought a white‐wash look would be best for this planter. wood glue and water was not dilute enough. I ended up with a putty colored planter. Page 93 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . however the mixture of white acrylic paint.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Fractal Wave Planters Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 94 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 95 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 96 .
and how thin the edges appear to be. These planters look fragile. They’re a little more work to make than the fractal wave planter. but that’s not visible in the finished creation. In free standing sculptures I add legs to the planter. Shallow Tapered Planters The shallow tapered planter will probably become one of your favorites. but they have an elegant beauty. They look like they were made from a piece of coconut shell. The planter is thick and strong in the middle. or some similar natural material. Notice the shallowness of the curve. I use this type of planter for both free standing and wall mounted sculptures. Page 97 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but they are actually quite durable because we use highly tapered Makigami strips to make them.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. dramatic look. combined with the taper and the narrowness of the surface that make these planters look special. There is something about the natural curve. It creates a beautiful. For wall mounted Origami Bonsai trees I attach the planter at an angle.
and then quarter folded. We start with four pages of newsprint folded in half. 2. Once you’ve done this you should have eight strips of newsprint of the same width.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. If you’re confused. parallel to the half‐fold. Separate your strips into pairs. Cut one pair at the quarter‐fold. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 98 . keeping in mind that we’ll be cutting off the half‐ fold. 3. Cut the half‐fold off. Cut the newsprint in half. look at the pictures that follow.
Use the previous pair as a reference for cutting the next pair. Page 99 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 5. 6.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Cut a third pair ½ inch shorter than the second pair. Cut the second pair approximately ½ inch shorter than the first pair. Cut a fourth pair ½ inch shorter than the third pair.
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7. Cut a fifth pair ½ inch shorter than the fourth pair. 8. Cut a sixth pair ½ inch shorter than the fifth pair. 9. Cut a seventh pair ½ inch shorter than the sixth pair.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
10. Cut the eighth pair ½ inch shorter than the seventh. 11. Arrange your strips so the right and bottom edges are even with each other. Start the cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Your strips should look like this. Page 101 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
12. Next, align the left and bottom edges and cut the strips at a 45 degree angle starting about one inch from the bottom. You will notice that you’re shortening the smaller pairs. This is key to obtaining a taper on the edges of your planter. Your strips should look like this. 13. Wrap a long rubber band around a full‐sized American football, rugby ball, or other similarly shaped ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 102
This will create one large piece of nylon. 16. Page 103 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Start with the longest strips first. and shortest are on the outside. Roll your newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips (see Chapter 2). As you finish each strip insert it under the rubber band. Gather the stocking as if you were going to put it on lengthwise. Inspect your spacing and adjust each strip so they look like the picture here. Cut the double‐thickness top and the foot off a nylon stocking. and cut it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Arrange the strips such that the longest are in the middle. 15.
19. 18. Secure this side with tape. Place the stocking on top of your Makigami strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 104 . Tighten the stocking such that the Makigami strips make contact with the surface of the ball. We are just securing the middle of the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Tape the side of the stocking to the ball. Stretch the nylon stocking over one end of the ball and…. Notice that the ends of the Makigami strips have not yet been secured.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 20. tuck it under the rubber band. you can use tape to secure it. 21. Page 105 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . If you can’t tuck it underneath. Do the same procedure with the other end of the nylon stocking. Allow them to dry overnight. with as few gaps as possible. Tuck it underneath the rubber band. 22. Align the Makigami strips so they are uniform. If you can.
Your strips should look like this…… .and this... paint them with a mixture of wood glue and water that is approximately the thickness of heavy cream.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 106 . After the strips have dried. We paint the mixture through the stocking onto the assembly of strips..
Page 107 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Pull the nylon in the opposite direction (from step 25) to free the other side of the assembly of strips. Your planter is delicate at this point. so you need to be careful. Pull the nylon stocking horizontally away from the ball to free one end of the assembly of Makigami strips. Very carefully remove the tape securing the nylon stocking to the ball. and watch for tiny threads of nylon that get caught on the tips of the Makigami strips. Be careful. 26. 25.Origami Bonsai Accessories 24.
I seldom make one that doesn’t partially come apart when I remove the stocking. Hold the assembly together as you paint it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 108 .Origami Bonsai Accessories These planters are extremely delicate at this stage of their construction. Keep the assembly on the ball. Paint another coat of wood glue diluted with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Make sure you remove any excess with a dry brush. We will reattach strips and fix the long gap you see in this picture in the following steps. 27.
Inspect the assembly before you allow it to dry. Squeeze any wide gaps together with your fingers. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. 29. You may need to release some of the air from the ball to create the gaps necessary between the ball and the assembly to free it. It is only the basic assembly and wide gaps that we’re worried about. which I’ll fix in a step to follow. Your Makigami assembly should look like this. Page 109 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 28. Once the assembly has dried. Notice that I still have narrow gaps. carefully apply pressure to the ball to release it.
cut some straight pieces of Makigami corresponding to the width of your planter to act as “legs. Do the same with the second leg. 32. skip to step 34. Use a pencil to mark the position of each leg. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 110 . If you’re making a free‐standing sculpture. 31.” If this planter is for a wall sculpture. Make a mark both on a piece of paper underneath the assembly and small marks on the assembly itself. Apply some hot melt glue to one of the legs and attach it at the position you marked.Origami Bonsai Accessories 30.
Close the smaller gaps by painting with a mixture of wood glue and water and then applying rubber band and clothespin clamps as we did in Chapter 5. Trim the legs if necessary. the ends of the legs are exactly two Makigami‐strips from the outer edge of the planter. Once you have become comfortable with making planters you can apply the clamps with your first coat of finish (see Chapter 4). Page 111 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 33. In this picture. Your planter should look like this. 34.
but I prefer this look. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 112 . followed by two coats of black (see Chapter 4) I have a beautiful faux walnut planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories After a coat of brown. I could have trimmed the tips of the Makigami strips at an angle to achieve a more rounded edge.
Page 113 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Notice how this perspective reveals the complexity of the planter to the viewer.Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Shallow Tapered Planters This sculpture “grows” from a planter that is mounted at an angle.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 114 .Origami Bonsai Accessories This sculpture is both free standing and wall mountable. It casts dramatic shadows when wall‐mounted and lit from below.
and immediately tried making some. and then caused indentations in the Makigami. this new version of Makigami creates durable products that can be worn. causing it to bend. While paper has been used as a material for making plates. Useful Crescents We will now enter into applications where paper has never been before. we need a new. These forces compressed. In March of 2006 the Chinese government introduced a five percent tax on wooden chopsticks. but also an expert in glues and papers. or used daily. so indentations could not occur. She suggested that I needed a starch to act as a stiffener. Chopsticks have long been a target of environmentalists. In order to apply our techniques to these applications. Page 115 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . More importantly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. I could use my techniques to make something that looked and felt like a chopstick. She suggested corn starch. but it lacked some of the characteristics necessary to be functional. She is a museum conservator and preservationist. I turned to my cousin. stiffer Makigami rolling solution. but the invention is ready should the world need it. My early attempts were met with frustration and failure. Gretchen Anderson. it has never been used to make durable household items and jewelry. When I read this. I tried it. and eventually break. of the Carnegie Institute. I needed something to act as a filler. I discovered that chopsticks are subject to large forces of compression between the fingers. and this new tax was aimed at curbing the use of disposable wooden chopsticks. and it worked! My Makigami chopsticks have yet to be mass‐produced. I wondered if I could make Makigami chopsticks.
If I’m going to make a pair of these it I will need two of the longest strips and four of each of the shorter strips. 1. I’ve made napkin rings. Bend or cut the twist tie to mark the circumference. In this example I’ll be making a pair of crescents that will be used for curtain tiebacks. Most of the crescents I’ve made are assemblies of seven Makigami strips. each one shorter than the previous. bangle bracelets and a type of curtain tieback that I think is particularly good looking. Use a long twist tie to measure the circumference of whatever you plan to make crescents fit around. one long center strip with three shorter strips. Cut newsprint into wide strips as we’ve done in previous chapters. 2. on either side.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami crescents can be used for all sorts of things. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 116 .
I cut two pieces of newsprint (one for each tie back) using the twist tie I made in step 1 as a measuring tool. 5. 4. Page 117 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I cut four more pieces of newsprint about a half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. I cut four pieces about a half‐inch shorter (one pair for each tie back).
Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Fold the sheets you cut in step 6 in half. 7. 8. I cut the last four sheets about one half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 5. leaving a gap of about one half inch at the bottom. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 118 . Cut the folded sheets on a diagonal.
9. Fold in half and then cut the sheets you made in steps 3 through 5 in the same manner. Wrap your rubber bands around two tapered tumblers. You should have 14 sheets as shown here. Page 119 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Your sheets will look like this. 10.
Roll the newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips and then insert them under rubber bands as shown. . Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 120 Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Mix more durable Makigami rolling solution as follows: 32 parts Water 2 parts Wood Glue 2 parts Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch 12.
You can use the clothespin temporarily to stabilize the cup. Lay one of the cups on its side. Drape one of the pieces of stocking across the strips. Page 121 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Gather the ends of the stocking.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. 14. 15. forcing the Makigami strips against the surface of the cup.
Allow the crescents to dry overnight. Repeat steps 13 through 17 for any additional crescents you rolled strips for. Twist the ends of the stocking. This is unavoidable.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Notice that the ends of my strips curve slightly upwards. we’ll correct this when we assemble the crescents. or until they do not feel cool to the touch. 17. Try to straighten the ends of your strips as much as possible. Use the clothespin to keep the twist from unraveling. but don’t worry. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 122 . Tighten the twist until you see all the Makigami strips conform to the curve of the cup. and will make assembling them more difficult.
so I have two long strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Once your strips are dry you can assemble them. Sort them by length as shown in this picture. 18. and a small cup of water. Page 123 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Remove the strips from the cups. followed by three pairs of shorter strips. You will need wood glue. I am making two crescents. I assemble the crescent by starting with the longest strip. a large brush. a small brush.
This is key to both the beauty and the strength of the Makigami crescent. Notice that the upper. shorter strip is slightly offset. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 124 . The strip in the foreground of this picture is ready for assembly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Flatten the longest strip (by carefully bending it as shown in Chapter 2). the strip in the background is not. 21. Confirm the fit of the first member of your longest pair. You will need to perform this procedure on every strip before adding it to the assembly. Apply a bead of wood glue to the edge of the strip with a small brush. and test to confirm it is straight by placing it on a flat work surface and looking for gaps between the strip and the surface. 20.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
22. Dip your larger brush in a cup of water and then use it to remove any excess glue on the seam of the assembly. Don’t forget to do this on the inside of the assembly as well. 23. Add the second member of the longest pair to the other side of the longest strip. Notice that both shorter strips are slightly offset towards the inside of the crescent. 24. Attach the next pair of strips.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
25. Attach the last pair of strips. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. If you’re making a second crescent, assemble it following the same instructions. 26. I’m often tempted not to round the ends of my crescents, but that is a mistake. The Makigami tips will wear out very quickly if left uncut. Use a pencil to draw an arc on both sides of your crescent’s ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 126
Origami Bonsai Accessories
27. Cut along the line you made in step 26 to create a rounded end on both sides of your crescent. Make sure the angled blades face away from your crescent when you cut it. The ends of your crescents should look like this after being cut.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
I first applied a coat of yellow finish. and then a final coat of dark blue. Here is a set of Makigami crescents used as napkin rings. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 128 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Here are my tiebacks after they received three coats of finish (Chapter 4). then black. The final color is quite complex. I molded them on small tumblers.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 129 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 130 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Examples of Assemblies of Dual‐Tapered Makigami Strips The following pictures are some examples of sculptures I have made with dual‐tapered Makigami strips. Strips for the smaller planters on the following pages were molded on a six inch diameter mailing tube. All of these planters were assembled in a manner similar to the crescents discussed in this chapter. Strips for the larger planters were molded on the large steel pot shown in Chapter 2.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 131 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 132 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 133 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 134 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 135 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 136 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 137 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 138 .
Another shape I have developed is the teardrop pendant. the crescent. provides that protection. developing techniques for molding Makigami into usable shapes. Page 139 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . on the tip of an American style football. Pendants are subject to forces that I cannot predict. the Origami models inside the pendant must be protected. consider other shapes that might be created. It is important to be on the lookout for breakthroughs in design. This shape.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. I discovered a material tough enough to withstand the rigors of daily wear. As you complete the steps on the following pages. One can easily mold this shape. Teardrop Makigami Pendants By adding corn starch to the Makigami rolling solution. That I developed this teardrop shape is no accident. along with firmer Makigami strips. One of those shapes. I was trying to develop a Makigami assembly that would protect delicate Origami inside it. and variants of it. Now comes the hard part. was discussed in the previous chapter. Makigami is an interesting material that has tremendous potential for artists and crafters. like that of a coat worn over the pendant. In order to remain undamaged.
In this example I cut an arc rather than a straight line. to give my taper a little more variation in thickness.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. 2. Wrap the twist‐tie around the tip of a ball (in this case a smaller toy American football) mimicking the shape of the pendant you want to create. Cut from the outer edge (right) starting about one half inch from the corner. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 140 . 3. In this example I’m making a pendant out of eight strips of Makigami. Start by using a twist‐tie to measure the length of strips you need to create a pendant in the design you desire. Cut sufficient strips of newsprint to create your project using the twist tie to measure their length. Fold the strips in half.
roll your strips following the instructions in chapter 2 for dual‐taper strips. so I put my mold into a plastic bowl to stabilize it. Page 141 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Wrap a rubber band around your mold (in my example a ball) to hold the strips. 4. The strips make the mold top‐heavy. Next. 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your paper should look like this after you make the cut.
checking for gaps. 7. 8. and adjust them accordingly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Inspect your strips. Allow the assembly to dry overnight. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 142 .. Tuck them underneath the rubber band. Bend the Makigami strips around the mold and then….
10. Brush the assembly with a coat of the wood glue and water mixture. 11. Page 143 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This will ensure that the assembly comes off the mold in one piece. Dilute some wood glue with water to the thickness of heavy cream.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. Carefully remove the rubber band without removing the Makigami assembly. Allow the assembly to dry on the ball for at least four hours. Make sure you apply an extra coat to the area where the strips overlap.
Carefully release the assembly by pushing on the ball. Your pendant should look like this. If necessary. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 144 . release some air from the ball. Trim the tips of the Makigami strips as desired. 13.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12.
In this case I’m using a product called “Gorilla Glue. wood glue and a small amount of water.Origami Bonsai Accessories I painted my pendant with two coats of a mixture of blue and black acrylic paint.” Page 145 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I like to use a heavier duty glue to make this connection. 14. The next step is to attach a necklace to the pendant. I use rawhide which can be looped through the pendant and then tied around the wearer’s neck.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 146 . Note where the strap will make a good. Loop your strap around the end of the pendant. Use a toothpick or leftover piece of Makigami as a tool to pick up the glue. strong connection with the pendant. 17.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Pour some glue onto a small scrap of paper. Spread a bead of glue on the area where your strap will attach to the pendant. In this example I will glue the strap horizontally on the underside of the pendant. 16.
Be careful not to allow the clothespins to contact the glue or they could become a permanent part of your work. I saved some of my paint so I could give all the glued areas a touch‐up coat as a last step. Put the strap into position and then clamp as necessary with clothespins. Page 147 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. After the glue dries you can attach just about anything to the inside of the pendant.
as well as the resultant pendant. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 148 . Shown here are a group of Makigami strips drying.Origami Bonsai Accessories The stocking technique can also be used for teardrop pendants.
Origami Bonsai Accessories x Page 149 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 150 .
Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! Building Block 7: Once dry. Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Building Block 2: All Makigami rolling solutions must contain at least one ingredient that acts as a lubricant. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. Page 151 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Quick Reference Guide Building Blocks Use these general rules for designing products made from Makigami. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured.
try this one. Basic Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Acrylic Paint (any color) This is the first recipe I developed which was described in my book “Advanced Origami Bonsai. Strong and Durable Makigami 32 parts Water 2 part Wood Glue 2 part Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch This recipe is a little harder to use in the rolling process (it seems slippery). but the resultant strips are quite durable. choose recipe 2. The corn starch tends not to mix completely. Before you begin any project you should consider whether it will require the durability of recipe 3. and the finished product will not have the durability required for daily use. If you’re having trouble learning to roll using the other recipes. or handled roughly. it is very easy to learn the rolling process with it. it is also the most challenging to roll. If your project isn’t going to be used daily. Stronger Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Wood Glue 1 part Acrylic Paint – any color The second recipe can be used to make any of the projects presented in this book. so you should stir your container of Makigami rolling solution each time you dip your brush in it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 152 . The rolling process is not as easy as the first recipe. While the third recipe creates a durable form of Makigami. Recipe 1.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Recipes Choosing the proper Makigami solution for a project is important.” While this recipe does not make the strongest Makigami strips. Recipe 3. Recipe 2.
Click this image to watch a video that shows how to roll a tapered Makigami strip.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Rolling Videos Click this image to watch a video showing how to roll an un‐tapered Makigami strip. Page 153 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Click this picture to watch a video that shows how to roll a dual‐tapered Makigami strip. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 154 .
the machine I’m thinking of will roll strips that are initially eight feet long. Page 155 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . or some other material that would pick up and then saturate the newsprint with Makigami solution as it entered the machine. You opened the machine (see picture). placed tobacco into the pocket between the rollers and then closed it. I believe this type of configuration would be capable of producing extremely strong material. toothbrush handles. or stamped into shape. A third roller. and then allowed to cure in a large greenhouse. while simultaneously inserting a rolling paper. chopsticks and furniture. suspended in a vat of Makigami rolling solution would provide variable tension. I hope to use the same technique to mass produce long strips of Makigami for common consumer items like pens. which is the inspiration for this technique. the long strips of Makigami would be cut to length. attached to molds. Once rolled. A piece of flexible material surrounded the two cylinders. The only difference between the machine I envision and a cigarette rolling machine is size. The flexible material I described above would be replaced by cloth. Many years ago I rolled my own cigarettes with a handy little rolling machine. however I believe it is important to share the technique I plan to pursue. The rolling machine had two cylinders mounted in a bracket. which forced the rollers to turn.Origami Bonsai Accessories Theoretical Mass Production Technique As of this writing I have not resolved all the encumbrances to mass production of Makigami. You then pushed on the flexible material.
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