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5/16/2015

MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki

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ABAPDevelopment / ABAPDevelopment

MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomatically
AddedbyPadmavathiPalli,lasteditedbySmrutiRanjanMohantyonOct18,2013
Thethreadathttps://forums.sdn.sap.com/thread.jspa?threadID=985676&tstart=0hasmotivatedmetowritethisminitutorialwhichmightbeusefulforothers.

Scenario:
TomakeALVtoreacttodatachangeautomaticallywithoutanyneedfortheusertoclickonENTERoranyotherbutton/menuitem.
Procedure:
Inordertomakethesystemreacttoaneditevent,weneedtofirstregistertheeditevent.
Toregistertheeditevent,callthemethodREGISTER_EDIT_EVENT
CALLMETHODcont_editalvgd>register_edit_event
Exporting
{}I_event_id=cl_gui_alv_grid=>mc_evt_modified.
Whenuserpress'ENTER'theeventMC_EVT_ENTERistriggeredwhichautomaticallysetsthevariableM_cell_editto'X'.
ButiftheuserbypassestheenterkeythenthevariableM_CELL_EDIThastobesetexplicitlywhichisdonebypassingmc_evt_modifiedtotheexportingparameterI_EVENT_IDinsteadof
mc_evt_enter.
InthePAIevent,callthemethodCHECK_CHANGED_DATA.Thismethodautomaticallytriggersthedata_changedevent.
Bydefault,SAPrecognizes'ENTER'event.WhenonlytheCHECK_CHANGED_DATAiscalledinPAIevent,thenthe'ENTER'eventisnotrecognizedbythesystem.Inordertohaveboththeevents
recognizedbythesystem,weneedtoregistertheeditevent.
Samplecode:

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REPORTZ_ALV_EDIT_EVENT.

*"Tabledeclarations...................................................
TABLES:
SPFLI."FlightScheduleDetails
*"Datadeclarations...................................................
*"*
*Workvariables*
*"*
DATA:
W_GRIDTYPEREFTOCL_GUI_ALV_GRID,"Referenceobjectforalvgrid
W_CONTAINERTYPEREFTOCL_GUI_CUSTOM_CONTAINER.
"Referenceobjectforcontainer
*"*
*StructuretoholdFlightScheduledetails*
*"*
DATA:
FS_SPFLITYPESPFLI.
*"*
*StructuretoholdFieldCatalogdetails*
*"*
DATA:
WA_FIELD_CATALOGTYPELVC_S_FCAT.
*"*

http://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ABAP/Making+ALV+to+react+to+Change+data+automatically

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MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki
*StructuretoholdLayoutoftheALVReport*
*"*
DATA:
WA_LAYOUTTYPELVC_S_LAYO.

*"*
*InternaltabletoholdFlightScheduledetailsfromtableSPFLI*
*"*
DATA:
T_SPFLILIKE
STANDARDTABLE
OFFS_SPFLI.
*"*
*InternaltabletoholdFieldCatalogDetails*
*"*
DATA:
T_FIELD_CATALOGTYPELVC_T_FCAT.
*"*
*STARTOFSELECTIONEVENT*
*"*
STARTOFSELECTION.
*Dataretrievalfromthedatabasetable
SELECT*FROMSPFLIINTOTABLET_SPFLI.
CALLSCREEN100.
*&*
*&Moduleset_layoutOUTPUT
*&*
*Thismoduleisusedtosetthelayoutforthealvgriddisplay*
**
MODULESET_LAYOUTOUTPUT.
WA_LAYOUTGRID_TITLE='SPFLITABLEDETAILS'.
WA_LAYOUTZEBRA='X'.
WA_LAYOUTEDIT='X'.
ENDMODULE."set_layoutOUTPUT
*&*
*&Modulefield_catalogOUTPUT
*&*
*Thismoduleisusedtopopulatethefieldcatalog*
**
MODULEFIELD_CATALOGOUTPUT.
CLEARWA_FIELD_CATALOG.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGFIELDNAME='CARRID'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_FIELD='CARRIDS'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_TABLE='SPFLI'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGCOL_POS=1.
APPENDWA_FIELD_CATALOGTOT_FIELD_CATALOG.
CLEARWA_FIELD_CATALOG.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGFIELDNAME='CONNID'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_FIELD='CONNID'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_TABLE='SPFLI'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGCOL_POS=2.
APPENDWA_FIELD_CATALOGTOT_FIELD_CATALOG.
CLEARWA_FIELD_CATALOG.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGFIELDNAME='CITYFROM'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_FIELD='CITYFROM'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_TABLE='SPFLI'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGCOL_POS=3.
APPENDWA_FIELD_CATALOGTOT_FIELD_CATALOG.
CLEARWA_FIELD_CATALOG.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGFIELDNAME='CITYTO'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_FIELD='CITYTO'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGREF_TABLE='SPFLI'.
WA_FIELD_CATALOGCOL_POS=4.
APPENDWA_FIELD_CATALOGTOT_FIELD_CATALOG.
ENDMODULE."field_catalogOUTPUT

http://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ABAP/Making+ALV+to+react+to+Change+data+automatically

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MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki
*&*
*&ModuleUSER_COMMAND_0100INPUT
*&*
*ThismoduleisusedtohandlethePAIevents
**
MODULEUSER_COMMAND_0100INPUT.
CASESYUCOMM.
WHEN'OK'.
*Callingthecheck_changed_datamethodtotriggerthedata_changed
*event
*
CALLMETHODW_GRID>CHECK_CHANGED_DATA
*IMPORTING
*E_VALID=
*CHANGING
*C_REFRESH='X'
.
UPDATESPFLIFROMTABLET_SPFLI.
WHEN'BACK'OR'EXIT'OR'CANCEL'.
LEAVETOSCREEN0.
ENDCASE."CASESYUCOMM
ENDMODULE."USER_COMMAND_0100INPUT

*&*
*&Modulemanage_alv_gridOUTPUT
*&*
*ThismoduleisusedtomanagetheGriddisplay
**
MODULEMANAGE_ALV_GRIDOUTPUT.

IFW_GRIDISINITIAL.
CREATEOBJECTW_CONTAINER
EXPORTING
CONTAINER_NAME='CONTAINER1'
EXCEPTIONS
CNTL_ERROR=1
CNTL_SYSTEM_ERROR=2
CREATE_ERROR=3
LIFETIME_ERROR=4
LIFETIME_DYNPRO_DYNPRO_LINK=5
OTHERS=6
.
IFSYSUBRC<>0.
MESSAGEIDSYMSGIDTYPESYMSGTYNUMBERSYMSGNO
WITHSYMSGV1SYMSGV2SYMSGV3SYMSGV4.
ENDIF."IFSYSUBRCNE0
CREATEOBJECTW_GRID
EXPORTING
I_PARENT=W_CONTAINER
EXCEPTIONS
ERROR_CNTL_CREATE=1
ERROR_CNTL_INIT=2
ERROR_CNTL_LINK=3
ERROR_DP_CREATE=4
OTHERS=5.
IFSYSUBRC<>0.
MESSAGEIDSYMSGIDTYPESYMSGTYNUMBERSYMSGNO
WITHSYMSGV1SYMSGV2SYMSGV3SYMSGV4.
ENDIF."IFSYSUBRCNE0

CALLMETHODW_GRID>SET_TABLE_FOR_FIRST_DISPLAY
EXPORTING
I_STRUCTURE_NAME='SPFLI'
IS_LAYOUT=WA_LAYOUT
CHANGING

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MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki
IT_OUTTAB=T_SPFLI[]
IT_FIELDCATALOG=T_FIELD_CATALOG
EXCEPTIONS
INVALID_PARAMETER_COMBINATION=1
PROGRAM_ERROR=2
TOO_MANY_LINES=3
OTHERS=4.
IFSYSUBRC<>0.
MESSAGEIDSYMSGIDTYPESYMSGTYNUMBERSYMSGNO
WITHSYMSGV1SYMSGV2SYMSGV3SYMSGV4.
ENDIF."IFSYSUBRCNE0
ENDIF."IFW_GRIDISINITIAL
*RegisteringtheEDITEvent

CALLMETHODW_GRID>REGISTER_EDIT_EVENT
EXPORTING
I_EVENT_ID=CL_GUI_ALV_GRID=>MC_EVT_MODIFIED
EXCEPTIONS
ERROR=1
OTHERS=2.
IFSYSUBRC<>0.
*MESSAGEIDSYMSGIDTYPESYMSGTYNUMBERSYMSGNO
*WITHSYMSGV1SYMSGV2SYMSGV3SYMSGV4.
ENDIF."IFSYSUBRCNE0
ENDMODULE."manage_alv_gridOUTPUT
*&*
*&ModuleSTATUS_0100OUTPUT
*&*
*ThismoduleisusedtosetthePFStatusandtitlebar*
**
MODULESTATUS_0100OUTPUT.
SETPFSTATUS'ALVS_GUI'.
SETTITLEBAR'ALV_TITLE'.
ENDMODULE."STATUS_0100OUTPUT

Scenario1:WhenthereisnocalltothemethodREGISTER_EVT_MODIFIEDandjustgowiththecallingofthemethodCHECK_CHANGED_DATAinthePAIevent.
Thewholescenariowouldworkfinewhenyouchangethedataandpressthe"OK"buttonontheapplicationtoolbar.
But,whenyouchangethedataandpressthe'ENTER'keythentheeventdata_changedisnottriggered.
1.ChangethedataintheeditableALVandpress'ENTER'key.

http://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ABAP/Making+ALV+to+react+to+Change+data+automatically

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MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki

ThechangesarenotreflectedintheALVasnodata_changedeventhasbeentriggered.

Scenario2:WhenyouregistertheediteventandcallthemethodCHECK_CHANGED_DATAinthePAIevent.
1.ChangethedataintheeditableALVandpressthe'OK'buttonontheapplicationtoolbar.

http://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ABAP/Making+ALV+to+react+to+Change+data+automatically

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5/16/2015

MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki

ThechangeddataisrecognizedandisreflectedontotheeditableALV

Inthesamecase,whenyouchangethedataintheALVandpress'ENTER'key,youcanstillseethechangesreflected.

ClickonENTER.

http://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ABAP/Making+ALV+to+react+to+Change+data+automatically

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MakingALVtoreacttoChangedataautomaticallyABAPDevelopmentSCNWiki

Thechangeeventistriggeredandthedatahasbeenchangedaccordingly.

alv

abap

event

1Comment
AdrianBruwer
Superusefulpost!ThankyouverymuchPadmavathiPalli
Adrian

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