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(1901) The Regimental Records of the British Army

(1901) The Regimental Records of the British Army

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1901 - John S. Farmer
1901 - John S. Farmer

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'V/^

FRAGILE DOES NOT

CIRCULATE

BOUGHT WITH THE) INCOME FROM THE

SAGE

ENDOWMENT FUND
THE GIET OF
Hfttirg

W. Base
1891

/p^(CS3

j.a/0
5474

OlIN U3RARY-CIRCJLATIC"n*

DATE DUE
^a

an

I

Cornell University Library

The
tine

original of

tiiis

book

is in

Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions in
text.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924030726503

THE

REGIMENTAL RECORDS
OF THE

BRITISH ARMY.

Publisher's
British
I.

Announcement.

Regiments in War and Peace. THE RIFLE BRIGADE. By Walter Wood.
Crown
8vo., cloth,
3^-.

6ii.

II.

THE NORTHUMBERLAND FUSILIERS.
Walter Wood.
Crown
8vo., cloth,

By

y.

6d.

Tlie

Campaign
With Maps.

of

1815.

By W. O'Connor Morris.

Demy

8vo., cloth, 12s. 6d. net.

Tlie

Sword and the Centuries; or, Old Sword Days and Old Sword Ways. By Captain Hutton, F.S.A. Illustrated. Demy 8vo., cloth.
By
I.

Modern Weapons and Modern War.
With an Introduction by W. T. Stead.
8vo., cloth, 6s.

S.

Block.

Illustrated.

Crown
Begbie.

(Second Edition.)

The Story
Illustrated.

of

Baden=Powell.
Crown
8vo., cloth, 3J.

By Harold
6(/.

(Third Edition.)
F.

-Sir

George White, V.C.
Illustrated.

By Thomas

G.

Coates.

Crown

8vo., cloth, 3^. 6d.

Queen or President? An Indictment
By
S.

of Paul Kruger.

M. Gluckstein.

With

Portrait.

Crown
of

8vo., cloth

2s. 6d.

Majuba: The Story Hamish Hendry.

of the Boer.
Illustrated.

War

1881.

By
8vo.,

Crown

8vo., cloth, zj.

The New Battle
paper covers,
is.
;

of

Dorking.

By

****.

Crown

cloth, is. 6d.

(Second Edition.)

London

:

GRANT RICHARDS,

9,

Henrietta Street, W.C.

THE

REGIMENTAL RECORDS
OF THE

BRITISH
B
Iblstorical
OF

ARMY

IResume Cbronologicall^ Hrranget)

TITLES, CAMPAIGNS, HONOURS, UNIFORMS,

FACINGS, BADGES, NICKNAMES, ETC.

JOHN

S;;

FARMER.

LONDON

GRANT RICHARDS,

9,

HENRIETTA STREET.

1901.

P

A-y-^^i^o^i
w w w w w w w
I I I I I I I I

CONTENTS.

I

I.

THE CAVALRY

....
. . . .
.

PAGE
.

.

.

i

II.

THE ROYAL ARTILLERY THE ROYAL ENGINEERS

.61
. .

III.

65

IV.

THE FOOT GUARDS,

...

69

V.

TERRITORIAL REGIMENTS

-77
221

VI.

THE ARMY SERVICE CORPS THE DEPARTMENTS
APPENDICES—
(i)

VII.

.225

A

Table

giving

former

Numbers

and Territorial
.
. .

Titles of the Foot Regiments
(2)

-233
237

The Order of Precedence

of the Territorial Regiments

I.

THE CAVALRY.

^be

ifirst

OLife

6narb£i.

The Royal Arms.

TITLES. The ist, or His Majesty's Own Troop of Guards. 1685-1788. The 1st Troop of Life Guards of Horse. 1788 (from). The ist Life Guards.
1660-85.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*
'
'

&c.

Honours

'

on the Colours.

1673. Maestricht.

1690. Boyne.

1693. Near Landen. *T743. Dettingen.
* 181 2-14. Peninsula.

1815. Netherlands.
^1882. Egypt.
^1882. Tel-el-Kebir.

1692-97. Flanders.
1692. Steenkirk.

*i8i5. Waterloo.

1884-5. Khartoum.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

(from 1660).

Facings, Blue (probably from 1660, certainly from

1679).

PI ume, "White

Nicknames. —

Regijiental Badge.

—" The Royal Arms."
:

" The Cheeses

"

when re-modelled

in

1 7

88 the veterans declined to serve,

alleging that the regiments of Life Guards then consisted of cheesemongers, not gentlemen ; also " The Piccadilly Butchers " (having been called out to quell the

Piccadilly Riots in 1810); also

"Tin

Bellies" (from the cuirasses); also

"The

Patent Safeties."

Notes.

—Raised
its

in

Holland by Charles

II.,

when

in exile,

(80) Cavaliers

who had

fought in the Civil

War under

Charles

and composed mainly of I. The 3rd and

4th (Scots) Troops of Life Guards, added at the Union, but disbanded in 1746, The ist Life Guards wore cuirasses saw much service in Flanders (1742-47).

from

formation to 1698, and resumed them in 1821.
B

Zbe Seconb

Xife (BuarDs.

The Royal Arms.

TITLES.
1660-70.

The

3rd, or

The Duke

of Albemarle's

Troop of Guards.

1670-85.

The

2nd, or

The Queen's Troop

of Guards.
:

1685-1746.

The 2nd Troop
The 2nd

of Life Guards of Horse

disbanded.

1788 (from).

Life Guards.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1673. Maestricht. 1689-90. Flanders.

*i8i2-i4. Peninsula. *i8i5. Waterloo.
1

1689. Walcourt. 1694-97. Flanders.
1695. Namur. *i743. Dettingen.

81 5. Netherlands.

*

1882. Egypt.

T882. Tel-el-Kebir.

1884-5. Khartoum.

3

tCbe

Seconb Xife (5i\avb5— confirmed.

Uniform. Scarlet (from 1690). Facings, Sea-green (1660 to 1690-1742) of Queen Catherine blue (since 1742). Plume, White.
;

in honotir

Regimental Badge.
Nickname.

— " The Royal Arms."

— (See note under " The First Life Guards.")

Notes. Similar in origin to " The First Life Guards," and composed of Cavaliers who, having served under Charles I., fled at his death, entering the Spanish In service as " His Royal Highness The Duke of York's Troop of Guards." 1659 (when peace was declared) they retired to the Netherlands until reorganised In 1670 it by Charles IL in 1660 as "The Third Troop of Life Guards." became "The Second Troop,'' and was disbanded in 1746. Cuirasses were woni from 1660 to 1698, and were resumed in 1821.
Bibliography. Historical Record of the Life Guards. Containing an Account of the Formation of the Corps in the year 1660, and of its Subsequent Services to [London: Clowes, 1836.] 1835.

^be

IRoi^al

Iborse (Buarb^

{Zbc Blues).

The Royal Arms.

TITLES.
1661-87.
-I

I'le

Royal Regiment of Horse.

1687-1750.

1750-1819.

1819 (from).

The Royal Regiment of Horse Guards. The Royal Horse Guards Blue. The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honoiivs " on the Colours.
1

T685. Sedgemoor.

761. Kirk Denkern.

1689-90. Flanders. 1689. Walcourt.
1690. Boyne.
1691. Aughrim.

1762. Wilhelmstahl.

1794-95. Flanders. 1794. Cateau.
1794. Tournay. "1812-14. Peninsula.
1813. Vittoria.

1742-45. Flanders.
*i743. Dettingen.

1745. Fontenoy.

1815. Waterloo.

1758-62. Germany.
1759. Minden. 1760. Warbourg.

1815. Netherlands.
'"'1882.

Egypt.

*i8S2. Tel-el-Kebir.

1884-85. Nile.

5

Ube

IRO^al "Iborse (SwaV^S— continued.

Uniform.

— Blue with Scarlet facings (from
— " The Royal Arras."

1661).

Plume, Red.

Regimental BadgeNicknames.

(i) The Oxford Blues, area 1690, from its Colonel's name, the Earl of Oxford, and in distinction to a blue habited Dutch Regiment commanded by the Earl of Portland; (2) The Blue Guards (1742-45) during the Campaign in


;

Flanders

and
is

(3)

The Blues — a

present day sobriquet.

Notes.

— This

the only Cavalry

Regiment now extant which formed part of the

I., being then known as Colonel Unton King William IV. presented the regiment with a Standard It wore emblazoned with " Dettingen," " Minden,'' " Warbourg," " Cateau." cuirasses from 1691 to 1698, and resumed them in 1821.

Parliamentary

Army

against Charles

Crook's Regiment.

Bibliography. An Historical Record of The Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, or Oxford Blues. Its Services, and the transactions in which it has been engaged from its first establishment to the present time. By Edmund Packe, late Captain, Royal Horse Guards. [London Clowes, 1834.]
:

^be

ifirst (JEbe Iking's)

Dragoon

(Buarbs.

The Royal Cypher within the Garter.

TITLES.
1685-1714. The Queen's (or and) Regiment of Horse. 1714-46. The King's Own Regiment of Horse.

1746 (from).

The

ist

King's Dragoon Guards.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'''

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1685. Sedgemoor.
1690. Boyne.

1705.

Neer Hespen.
Oudenarde.

"1706. Ramilies.
"*i7o8.

i6gi. Aughrim.

1692-97. Flanders. 1693. Neer Landen.
1695. Namur.
*

1708. Lisle.
r7o9. Tournay.
1709. Malplaquet.
1

1702-14. Germany.
1702. Li^ge. 1703. Huy. 1704. Schellenberg.

7 II.

Bouchain.
Dettingen.

1742-46. Flanders.
'-1743.

1745. Fontenoy.

*i7o4. Blenheim.

1758-63. Germany.

ITfje

jfirst {TLbc Iking's)

Bragooti

6uar5s— f^«A>«/«^.

PRINCIPAL CAAIPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.—consumed.
1759. Minden.
1760. Corbach.
1794. Tournay,

*i8i5. Waterloo.
1815. Netherlands.

1760. Warbourg.
17

61.

Kirk Denkem.

*i855. Sevastopol.
i860. China.

1762. Wilhelmstahl.
1763. Grcebenstein.

"i860.

Taku

Forts.

1793-95- Flanders. 1794. Caieau.

*i86o. Pekin.
''1879.

South Africa.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

(from 1685).

Facings, Bright Yellow (the

Stuart

livery,

1685-

1714); Blue Velvet (from 1714).

Helmet-plume, Red.
within the Garter."

REGiiiENTAL Badge.

"

The Royal Cypher

Nicknames.

Trades' Union'' (because employed to quell trade middle of the present century); "The K. D. G.'s" (its initials).

—"The

riots in the

Notes.

near London during the Monmouth Rebellion, and Queen's Regiment of Horse," the then "King's Regiment" being " The Blues." Cuirasses were worn to 1698, and from 1704 to 17 14. The title was changed in 17 14 in recognition of brilliant services in Flanders and
chiefly

— Raised

designated

"The

Germany.
Bibliography.

—Historical Records of
to 1836,

the xst or King's

From 1685

Illustrated with plates.

Regiment of Dragoon Guards. [London; Clowes, 1837.]

^be Seconb 2)raaoon

(Buarbs ((^ueen'e ISa^s).

The Royal Cypher, within the Gartek.

TITLES.
1685-88.

Colonel the Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse.
:

The Third Regiment of Horse also by its Colonel's name. The Princess of Wales's Own Royal Regiment of Horse. 1727-46. The Queen's Own Royal Regiment of Horse. 1746-1872. The 2nd Queen's Dragoon Guards. 1872 (from). The 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays).
1688-1715.
1715-27.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
* " Honours " on the Colours.

&c.

1690. Boyne.

17 10. Saragosa.

1691. Aughrim.
1695.

1715. Stuart Rebellion. 1745. Stuart Rebellion.

Namur.

1704-10. Spain.
1707. Almanza. 1710. Almanara.

1760-3. Germany.
1760. Corbach.
1760. Cassel.

9

Zbc Seconb Bragoon

(Buarbs ((Siueen's JSays)— ^^"A«z/6'</.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1760. Warbourg.
1

k.c.—coniimted.

i793- Dunkirk.
17 94- Cateau.

761. Kirk Denkern.

1762. "Wilhelmstahl. 1763. GrcEbenstein.

i794- Tournay.

1809. Flushing. 1858. Indian Mutiny.

1793- Valenciennes.

1793-5. Flanders.

*i858. Lucknow.

Uniform.

Scarlet (from 1685). Facings, Scarlet (1685-1742); Buff (1742-1784) Black Velvet (1784-1855) ; Buff (from 1855). Helmet-plume, Black.

:

Regimental Badge.
Nickname.

— " The

Royal Cypher within the Garter."

In 1767 an order was made for long-tailed bay mounts, other heavy regiments, except the Scots Greys, having black horses. Also " The

—"The Bays."

Rusty Buckles."
Notes. Raised near London, amongst other troops of horse, by Sir Nicholas Wentworth. For three years cuirasses were worn. The facings were changed to buff between 1690 and 1742. The title in 1715 was given in recognition of its services at the battle of Preston; and that of 1727 on the accession of George II.

Bibliography.

—Historical

Record

Guards

(Queen's

Bays),

of the 2nd, or Queen's Regiment of Dragoon plates. [London Illustrated with 1685-1837.

Clowes, 1837.]

Zbe ^birb (^be

iprince

of

Males'0) Dr^aooit (Buarbs.

The Prince of Wales's

Pi.ume.

TITLES.
1685-87.

1687-1746.

The Earl of Plymouth's Regiment of Horse. The 4th Regiment of Horse also by its Colonel's name. 1746-65. The 3rd Regiment of Dragoon Guards. 1765 (from). The 3rd (Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guards.
Colonel
;

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, B.\TTLES,
'

&c.

" Honours" on the Colours.

1689. Scotland.

*i7o8. Oudenarde.
1708. Wynendale. 1708. Landau.
J

1691-97. Flanders.
1692. Steenkirk. 1693. Neer Landen. 1695. Namur. 1702-14. Germany. 1704. Schellenberg.

708.

Huy.

1

708. Lisle.

"1709. Malplaquet.
1 7
1 7

10. 10.

Douai.

'1704. Blenheim.
1705. Neer Hespen.

Bethune.
Bouchain.

17 10. Aire.
1 7 1 1

"1706. Ramilies.

Ube

ZTbirt)

(XEbe

prince of Males's) Dragoon (Buar5s— ^''«/'>"/^'^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sac— continued.
1715 & '45. Jacobite 1758-63. Germany.
1759. Minden.
1760. Corbach. 1760. AVarbourg. 1761. Kirk-Denkern. 1762. Wilhelmstahl. 1763. Groebenstein.
risings.

1793. Dunkirk.

1794. Cateau.
1794. Tournay.
''"1809-14.
''1809.
'''1811.
"1

Peninsula.

Talavera.

Albuera.

813. Vittoria.

""1868. Abyssinia.

1793-95. Flanders.

Uniform.

— Starlet

(from
;

1685).
(in

Facings, Light
;

1765 and 1785) and Red.

Blue

1818-19)

Green (1685-1765); Wliite (in Yellow (from 1819). Helmet-plume, Black

Regimental Badges.

— "The

Prince of AVales's Plume," "

Royal Cypher and Crown" (from 1685-1765); "The The Rising Sun," " The Red Dragon "—ancient

badges of the Princes of Wales.

Nickname.
Notes.

— "The Old Canaries" (from the
St.

facings).

— Formed from old

Bedfordshire, and at

Regiments of Horse raised in Worcestershire, Oxfordshire, Albans and Dorking; it wore cuirasses from 1685-88

and from 1704-14.
Bibliography.
Guards.

— Historical Record of
Illustrated with Plates.

the

yd, or

Prince of IVa/e^'s Regiment of Dragoon

[London: Clowes, 1838.]

The Red Dkagon.

tbc

jfourtb (IRopl dvisb)

Dragoon

(Buarbs.

" Qf/is Separabitr

The Harp and Crown.

Thu Star of

St.

Patrxk.

TITLES.
1685-90. Colonel The Earl of Arran's Cuirassiers; also the Cth Horse.

1690-1746. The Fifth Horse. 1746-88. The ist Irish Horse, or The Blue Horse. 1788 (from). The 4th Royal Irish Regiment of Dragoon Guards.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1691-97. FLinders.
1692. Steenkirk.
1693.

1812. Leira.

^1854. Balaclava.
*i855. Sevastopol.

Neer Landen.

1695. Namur.

"1882. Egypt.
*i882. Tel-el-Kebir.

"1811-13. Peninsula.
1812. Ciudad Rodrigo.
1

1884-5. Nile

81

2.

Badajos.

TTbe jfourtf) (IRosal Jrisb)

©ragoon Guards -^"/////w/d-^.

Uniform.

Scarlet (from 1685).

Facings, White (1685-1715);

Light Blue (1715-

1768); Dark Bhie (from 1768).

Hehnet-plume, White.
"

Regimental Badges.

— " The Harp and Crown
Patrick.''
:

(on the accession of
of

Her

Majesty),

"The

Star of

St.

"

The White Horse

Hanover"

also appears

on

the Standard.

Motto
in

"

Quis separabit!'
English counties

Notes.

—Raised

various

— at

London,
1685.

Lichfield,
Its title, in

Durham, and Morpeth.

Cuirasses were worn in

Grantham, 1788, was

bestowed for long service in Ireland.

Bibliography. Historical Record of the ^th, or Royal Irish Regiment of Dragoon Guards. [London; Longman, 1839.] 1685-1838.

The White Horse of Hanover.

14

Zbc

fiftb dprincess Cbarlotte ot Malcs's)

Dragoon
Vestigia

(Buarba.

Nulla Retrorsum.''

TITLES.
Duke of Shrewsbury's Regiment of Horse. The Sixth (or Seventh) Regiment of Horse: also by its Colonel's name (in 1687, Coy's Horse; in 1794, Cadogan's Horse). 1717-88. The 2nd (or " Green ") Irish Horse. 1788-1804. The Fifth Dragoon Guards. 1804 (from). The Fifth or Princess Charlotte of Wales's Dragoon Guards.
1685-87.
Colonel The

1687-1717.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,

&c.

1690.

15

Ubz

ffiftb

(princess Cbarlotte of Males's) Dragoon (5nar6s


Uniform.

contin2ted.

— Scarlet (from 1685).

Facings, Buff (1685-1717)

;

Dark Green (from 1717).

Helmet'plume, Red and White.

ReCxImental Device.
of
Wales.''

—„ ~

within the Garter, surrounded by " Princess Charlotte
nulla

Motto,

Vestigia

rdrorswn

(borne

by

John

Hampden's

Regiment

in the Civil

War).
" {see Titles).

Nickname.
Notes.

— " The Green Horse

Originally raised as a

Troop of

Cuirassiers at Lichfield, Kingston-on-Thames,

Chester, Bridgnorth, Bristol, &c.

It

wore cuirasses

till

1688, and resumed them

from 1707-14.
Bibliography.
Gz/ara?j-,

It

captured four Standards at the battle of Blenheim.
the

— Historical Record of

e^th,

or Princess Charlotte of Wales's Dragoon

1685-1838.

Illustrated with plates.

[London: Longman, 1839.]

i6

^be Slytb Draoooii

(Buarbe (darabiniers).

The Regimental

Device.

TITLES.
The Queen Dowager's Regiment of Horse. The 8th (or 9th) Regiment of Horse. 1692-1745. The King's Carabiniers. 1745-88. The 3rd Irish Horse. 1788 (from). The 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers).
1685-90.
1690-92.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honourb" on

the Colours.

1685.

Monmouth's Rebelhon.

1704. Schellenberg.

1690. Boyne.
1691. Aughrim.

*i704. Blenheim.
1705. Neer Hespen.

1692-97. Elanders.
1692. Steenkirk.

*t7o6. Ramilies.
*i7o8. Oudenarde.

1693. Neer Landen.

*i7o9. Malplaquet.
17 10. Douay.

Namur. 1702-14. Germany.
1695.

1760-63. Germany.

17

TEbe Si£tb

Dragoon (Buarbs (Carabtniers^— ^•^/z/w/?/^;^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sue—continued.
1760. Warbourg. 1762. Wilhelmstahl. 1807.

Montevideo.

*i855. Sevastopol.

1793-95. Flanders. 1794. Tournay.
1806. Buenos Ayres.

1857-58. Indian Mutiny.
*i857. Delhi.
*i 87 9-80. Afghanistan.
1900. South Africa.

Uniform.

Scarlet (1685-1853); Blue (from 1853).

Facings, Sea-green (1685-1715,
;

the favourite colour of Catherine, the Consort of Charles II.)
AVhite Cloth (from 1768).

Yellow (1715-68)

Helmet-plume, White.
in Regulations)

Regimental Device.

— (Unrecognised

The Crossed

Carabines, within

the Garter, surrounded by " Sixth

Dragoon

Guards,'' with Scroll underneath

"The

Carabiniers."

Nicknames.

—"The
Sixth
its

Carbs," also "Tichbome's
Bart.,

Arthur Orton, Sir Roger Tichborne,

Own" (at the time of the trial of having served in the Regiment).
First

Notes.

Regiment of Carabiniers in was formed from Troops of Horse raised in various English counties, and received its title in 1692 from being At Ramilies it captured the colours of the Royal armed with Carabines. Bombardiers, and was conspicuous at Neer Landen for its gallantry.
Carabiniers
(formerly the

—The

recognition of

gallantry in Ireland, in 1690-91)

Bibliography

— Historical
By

Record

of the

6th

Regiment of Dragoon

Guards, or
1839.]
(

Carabiniers.

1685-1839.

Illustrated with plates.

[London
[Chatham

:

Longman.

A

Continuation of the Historical Record of the 6th Dragoon Guards

Cara-

biniers).

Captain [now Major] A. Sprot.

:

Gale and Polden.

tTbe

Seventb (^be princess
"

IRoi^ars)
vacant
i'

Dragoon

(Buarbs,

Quo faia

TITLES.
1688—90.

Colonel

The
Horse.

Earl of Devonshire's Regiment of Horse; also the Tenth

1690-91.

1691-1720
1720-46. 1746-88.

Schomb erg's Horse. Colonel The Duke of (?).
(on succession to the

Leinster's

(or

The

Eighth)

Horse;

also

title)

Schomberg's Horse.

Colonel (afterwards Earl) Ligonier's (The Eighth) Horse.

The 4th (or " Black ") Irish Horse. 1788 (from). The 7th (The Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours

"

on the Colours.

1690. Boyne.

19

Xlbe Seventb (Zbc princess IRosal's)

Dragoon

(5\x^vi)5—^ontmued.

Uniform.

—Scarlet (from

1688).

Facings, Black (from 1688).

Note.

— In

1751 the

waistcoat and breeches were buff.

Helmet-plume, Black and White.

Regimental Badge. "The Coronet of Her Majesty the Empress and Queen of Germany and Prussia as Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland." Quite
recently, hcwever, the

War

Office has sanctioned the adoption, as the regimental

badge, of the arms,

crest,

and motto of Earl Ligonier.

Previously the regimental

device consisted of p/p within the

Garter circumscribed " Princess Royal's."

On

buttons and other appointments the Royal Cypher, Crown, and Wreath are

used in one or other combination.

Nicknames.
(from

—"The Black Horse" or "The Blacks" (from
Colonel's name, 1720-49).

its

facings).

" Ligoniers "

"Straw-boots" (from wearing wisps of straw to keep the legs dry when engaged in quelling agricultural riots in the " The Virgin Mary's Body-Guard" (in south of England, tempts George II.). the reign of George II. the regiment was sent to assist the Archduchess Maria
its

Theresa of Austria).

Notes.

— In 1688 5ve regiments of horse raised
Princess
1699,

of Devonshire to meet the

accession she commissioned them for
till

marched with the Earl from London. On permanent service. They wore cuirasses
by James
II.

Anne on her

flight

and resumed them from 1707-14.

Bibliography. Historical Record of the ^t/i, or Princess RoyaPs Rei^meni of Dragoon [London Longman. 1839.] Illustrated with plates. Guards. 1685-1839.
:

tlbe first (IRoi^al) 2)ragoons.
" Spedenmr Agendo.^'

The Eagle

(for

capture at Waterloo).

The Crest of England.

1661-83.

TITLES. The Tangiers Horse. 1683-90. The King's Own Royal Regiment of Dragoons. 1690-1751. The Royal Regiment of Dragoons. The ist (Royal) Dragoons. 175 1 (from).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours

"

on the Colours.

1661-84. Tangiers.
1690. Boyne.

i7ro. Almanara.
1 7

10.

Saragossa.

1694-97. Flanders.
1695. Namur.

1

715. Jacobite rising.

1742-45. Flanders
*i743. Dettingen.
d' Alcantara.

1705-10. Spain.
1705. Valencia
1706. Albuquerque.

1745. Fontenoy.

1760-63. Germany.
1760. AVarbourg. 1760.

1706. Barcelona.
1707. Almanzar.

Campen.

Uhc

ifirst (IRogal) 'Wva.Qoons—'^onfmued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.—cmfhMid.
1762. Wilhelmstahl.
1813. Vittoria. 1814. Toulouse.

1793-95- Flanders.
1794. Cateau.
1794. Villers-en-Couchtf.

*i8is. Waterloo.
1815. Netherlands.

1794. Tournay.
*

"1854. Balaclava. "1855. Sevastopol.
1884. Egypt. 1900. South Africa.
Facings,

1809-14. Peninsula.
181
1.

Fuentes d'Onor.

181 2. Salamanca.

Uniform.

Scarlet (from 1683).

Dark Blue (from

1683).

Helmet-plume,

Black.

Regimental Badge.
in

" Spectetnur agendo "

" Crest of England " within the Garter, circumscribed by and surmounted by a crown (Hanoverian). Also " an Eagle," commemoration of the capture of the Eagle of the 105th French Regiment at

—The

Waterloo.

Nickname.
Royal

—" The

Bird-catchers " (also borne by

The Second Dragoons and The

Irish Fusiliers).

Notes. Originating in the Troops of Horse engaged in the defence of Tangiers from 1662 to 1684, the First Royal Dragoons have since figured in nearly every campaign with conspicuous bravery. Among its captured standards are, one from the Moors in 1664, that of the " Mousquetaires Noirs" at the battle of Dettingen, and a French Eagle (see above) at the battle of Waterloo. In 1894 the Emperor of Germany was appointed Colonel-in-Chief.
Bibliography.

—Historical Record of
ist,

the ist or
:

Illustrated with plates.

[London

Royal Regiment of Dragoons. Longmans. 1840.]

To

1

839,

Historical Record of the

de

Ainslie, Colonel of the

Regiment.

or The Royal Rrgiment of Dragoons. Illustrated with plates. [London

By General
:

Chapman

&

Hall.

1887.]

tibe

Seconb Draaoons
" Second to

(IRo^al Scots (Bre^s).
None"

r

Waterloo. J

The

Thistle.

TITLES.
The Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons; also 1702) The Grey Dragoons," and " The Scots Regiment of White Horses." 1737-51. The Royal Regiment of North British Dragoons. 751-1866. The 2nd, or Royal North British Dragoons. 1866-77. The 2nd Royal North British Dragoons (Scots Greys). The 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys). 1877 (from).
1678-1737.
"
(<r.
1

PRINCIP.\L CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours.
"'1706.
"•1708.

1694-97. Flanders. 1702-13. Germany.
1704. Schellenberg.
1704. Blenheim. T705.

Ramilies.

Oudenarde.

*i7o9. Malplaquet.
17 II. Bouchain.

Neer Hespen.

1715. Jacobite rising.

23

Xlbe Secon5 2)ragoons (IRo^al Scots (5tc^5)—<:ontifmed.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1742-48. Flanders. *i743. Dettingen.
1745. Fontenoy.

Sac—cotitbrned.

1763 Groebenstein. i793~95- Flanders.
i794-

Toumay.

1746. Roucoux. 1747. Val.

'*i8i5. Waterloo.
1 81 5. Netherlands. "1854. Balaclava.

1758-63. Germany.
1759. Minden. 1760. Warbourg. 1761. Kirk Denkern.

1854. Inkerman. 1855. Tchemaya.

"1855. Sevastopol.
1900. South Africa.

1762. Wilhelmstahl.

UnifoR-M.

—-Probably

Facings, Blue.

Stone-Grey when raised, and afterwards changed Plume, White.

to

Scarlet.

Regimental Badges.

" The Thistle " within the Circle, and the motto of St. Andrew, " Nemo me impune lacessit," surmounted by a Crown (from the Union Also "an Eagle,'' with "Waterloo"' (from of England and Scotland in 1707). Also the motto, the capture of the Eagle of the 45th French Regiment). " Second to None " (from circa 1715).

Nickname.

—"The
The

applied to

First

Bubbly Jocks," also "The Bird-catchers" {see above: likewise Dragoons and The Royal Irish Fusiliers).

Notes. The oldest regiment of Dragoons in the British Army, and raised in Scotland At about 1678 from Troops of Horse, then added to the Establishment. Ramilies it captured the " Colours " of the French Regiment-du-Roi, whence its distinction of Grenadier caps; also a Standard of the French Guards at At Waterloo, Napoleon spoke of them as " Ces terribles chevaux Dettingen.
gris.''

In 1894 the

Emperor of Russia was appointed Colonel-in-Chief of The

Greys.

Bibliography. Historical Record of the Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons, now the 2nd North British Dragoons. To 1839. Illustrated with plates. [London

Longman.

1840.J

Johnson's Illustrated Histories of Scottish Regiments.

24

^be ^birb (^be Mwq's ®wn)

Ibussars.

The White Horse

(of

Hanover) and Motto.

TITLES.
1685-1714.
1 7

The Queen

Consort's

Own Regiment

of Dragoons.

14-5 1. The King's Own Regiment of Dragoons. 1751-1818. The 3rd (King's Own) Dragoons. 1818-61. The 3rd (King's Own) Light Dragoons.
1861 (from).

The 3rd

(King's

Own)

Hussars.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS,

25

Zbc

TLbivty

(Ube Iking's ®wn) ibitssars—^^«//««^^.

Uniform.

Blue with Scarlet facings Scarlet with Blue facings (1685-1818) ; (1818-30) ; Scarlet with Scarlet facings (1830-42) ; Blue with Scarlet facings (from 1842J. Plume, White.

Regimental Badge.

— " The White Horse
Adam
officer).

" (of

Hanover) within the Garter, with the

motto, " JVec aspera tefrent."

Nicknames.

"

Lord

Gordon's Life Guards
" Bland's

"

(from
"

its

long detention in

Scotland under that
Colonel).

Dragoons

(in

honour of a former

Notes.

—The

title

on formation was bestowed
Record of
tJie

in

honour of the Queen Consort.

Bibliography. Dragoons.

— Historical
1685-1846.

Illustrated with plates.

yd, or Kin^s Own Regiment of Light [London Parker. 1847.]
:

Historical Record

1685-1857.

or Kin^s Own Regiment of Light Dragoons. of the Illustrated with plates. By George E. F. Kountze, Captain, half-

yd

pay, late 3rd Light Dragoons.
Historical Records of the

[London

:

B.

W.

Cousins.]

yd, or

Ki?ig's

Own

Light Dragoo?is.

[Glasgow.

I833-J

26

tlbe

ifourtb

(^bc

(Siueen'0

®wn)

Ibusaare.

TITLES.
1

685-1 702.

The
[Its

Princess

Anne

of Denmark's Dragoons.

1702-51.

Colonel's name] Hussars.

The 4th Dragoons. The 4th, or Queen's Own Dragoons. 1 8 18-61. The 4th, or Queen's Own Light Dragoons. 1 86 1 (from). The 4lh, The Queen's Own Hussars.
1751-88.

1788-1818.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, 'BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1689. Scotland. 1690. Boyne.

"1809. Talavera.
1810. Busaco. •1811. Albuera. 1812. Llerena.
'"'1812.
'"'181 3.

1692-97. Flanders.
1692. Steenkirk. 1693. Neer Landen. 1695.

Salamanca.
Vittoria.

Namur.

1696. Rooselaar.

1814. Tarbes.

1706-8. Spain.
1707. Almanza.
1715. Dunblane.

*i8i4. Toulouse.
''^iSSQ-

Afghanistan.

'1839. Ghuznee.

1742-48. Flanders.
"1743. Dettingen.
1747. Val.

"1854. Alma.
'"1854.

Balaclava.

*i854. Inkerman.
"1855. Sevastopol.

"1809-14. Peninsula.

27

Ube

jfourtb

('G;be

(Siueen's

®wn)

t)ns3ax5—coH/mued.

Uniform.

(1685-1815); Blue (1818-30); Scarlet (1830-42); Blue (from Light Green (1685-1818); Yellow (1818-36); Light Green (1836-42); Scarlet (1842-61) ; Blue (from 186 1). Helmet-plume, Scarlet.
Scarlet

1842).

Facings,

Regimental Badge.

— None

recognised in Regulatio7is, but on pouch are worn the
;

Royal Cypher and Crown

also

Cro\TO, and dominating the regimental number,

on Shabraque Q. O. 4

interlaced,

surmounted by a

H*
NicKNAJiE.s Irregular Horse'' {circa 1842) from its loose drill after return from India in the first five years' service it lost, from fever and cholera, no less than 12 officers and 500 non-commissioned officers and men.
;

— " Paget'

Notes.

— Formed from Independent Troops, —Historical Record of
1685-1842.

raised at \\'arminster, Shaftesbury, Shepton

Mallet, Glastonbury, Frome, Wincanton, Ilchester,

honour of the youngest daughter of William Anne.
Bibliography.
Dragoons.
the
^th,

III.

and Bradford, and named in and Mar_\-, afterwards Queen

or

Queen's

Own

Regiment of Light
1843.]

Illustrated with a plate.

[London: Parker.

28

Cbe

jfiftb

(IRopl Jrisb) Xancers.
" Quis Separabit."

The Harp and Crown.

TITLES.
1

689-1 704.

The Royal

Dragoons; also Wynne's Dragoons; Ross's Dragoons (under Marlborough).
Irish

also

Brigadier

The Royal Dragoons of Ireland. The 5th (Royal Irish) Dragoons i7[?]-i799. 1858 (from). The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers.
1704--P].

;

then disbanded, but revived in 1858.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours" on the Colours.

1690. Boyne.

*i709- Malplaquet.

1692-97. Flanders. 1702-14. Germany.
*i7o4. Blenheim. *i7o6. Ramilies. *i7o8. Oudenarde.

1743-8. Flanders.
i74S. Fontenoy. 1798. Irish Rebellion. *i885. Suakim.
1900. South Africa.

29

'ZbC jfiftb (IROgal JrfSb)

%m\CCV3— continued.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

1858).

with Blue facings (1689-1798); Blue with Scarlet facings (from Lancer-cap plume, Green.

REGniENTAL Badge.
Nicknames.
Notes.

— "The Harp and Crown."
Advertisers "
;

}\lotto,

"Quis Scparabit!'

"

The Daily
Fifth

also "

The

Redbreasts."

was the senior of the two regiments of Inniskilling Dragoons, now represented by the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons. Marlborough specially recognised its gallantry at Blenheim and at Ramilies (with the Scots Greys) it captured two French battalions, for which it, like the Greys, was allowed to wear Grenadier caps. It was disbanded in 1798, after good service, on the discoveiy of a plot by new recruits to murder the officers and loyal men.
the Second being
;

—The old

BiB-LiOGRAPHY.

— Short

articles

appear

in

Grose's

Military A?iiiguities,

and

in

the

Military Recorder.

XTbe Siytb Gnnisf^illino) Dragoons.

I

Inntskilling.

I

TITLES.
1689-1751.
Colonel Sir Albert Cunningham's [or
;

its

Colonel's

namej

Regiment of Dragoons

also (flVca 1715)

"The

Black Dragoons"

(from their black horses).

175

1

(from).

The

6th, or Inniskilling

Dragoons.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours

''

on the Colours.

1690. Boyne.
1691. Aughrim.
17 15.

I7S9-

Dunblane.

1742-48. Flanders.
'1743. Dettingen.
1745. Fontenoy.

1746. Roucoux. 1747. Val.

1758-63. Germany.

31

Ubc Sijtb

(Jnnlskilltttg)

-s>vmoon3—contim/ed.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1793. Landrecies. 1794. Cateaii. 1794. Tournay.

Sac.—contiimcd.

"1855. Sevastopol.
1881. Transvaal.

1884-90. Bechuanaland,

Natal,

*i8i5. Waterloo.
18 1 5. Netherlands.

and Zululand.
1900. South Africa.

*i854. Balaclava.

Uniform.'

— Scarlet with Yellow facings (from

1689).

Plume, White.
with
"

Regimental Badge.

"

The

Castle

of

Inniskilling,"
"

The

St.

George'.s

Colours Flying,'' and the word " Inniskilling

underneath.

Nickname.
Notes.
in

— " The Skilhngers

"
;

also "

The Old

Inniskillings.''

Originally the Cavalry

arm
Irish

of the forces raised for the defence of Enniskillen

1689 (with the Royal

Dragoons, and the Inniskilling

Fusiliers, or late

27th Foot).

Bibliography. Historical Recoid of the 6th, or hiniskilhng Regiment of Dragoons. Illustrated with plates. [London: Parker. 1843.] 1689-1843.

32

^be Seventb (^be

(Queen's

®wn)

Ibussara.

The Royal Cypher within the Garter.

TITLES.
1690-17 15.

The Queen's Own Regiment of Dragoons; also by the Colonels' names, amongst whom at first were Robert Cunningham, the Earl of Eglinton, and Lord Cardross.

The Princess of Wales's Own Royal Dragoons. The Queen's Own Dragoons. 1727-51. 1751-83. The 7th, or Queen's Own Dragoons. The 7th, or Queen's Own Light Dragoons. 1 783-1805. 1805 (from). The 7th, or Queen's Own Hussars.
1715-27.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1694-97. Flanders. 1694. Moorslede.

*i743. Dettingen.
1745. Fontenoy. 1746. Roucoux. 1747. Lafifeldt.

Namur. 1711-13. Germany.
1695.

1715. Jacobite Rising. 1742-49. Flanders.

1760-63. Germany.
1760. Warbourg.

33

Xlbe Seventb (^be (Siueen's

©wn) •h\x5swcs— continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1762. Wilhelmstahl.

iac.—cotitinued.

1809. Benevente.

1793- •95. Flanders.
1793- Valenciennes.
1794- Cateau.

1809. Corunna.

1813-14. Peninsula.
*i8i4. Orthes.
18 14. Toulouse.

1794. Nimeguen. 1795- Guildermalsen.
1799. Bergen.

*i8i5. Waterloo.
1815. Netherlands.

1799. PJgmont-op-Zee. 1799. Alkmaer.

1838-39. Canada. 1858. Indian Mutiny.
*i858. Lucknow.
1 88 1.

»i8o8- 09. Peninsula.
1808. Sahagun. 1809. Carrion.

Transvaal.

1896. Rhodesia.

Uniform.

Scarlet (1690-17 84)

;

1841).

Facings, White (1690-1818);

Blue (1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-41); Blue (from Blue (from 1818). Helmet-plume, White.
within the Garter."

Regimental Badge.
Nicknames.

"

The Royal Cypher

"The Old Saucy Seventh" (in the Peninsula), "The Lily-white Seventh" (from its light blue uniform and white facings, before 1818), "Young Eyes " ; also " Old Straws" or " Strawboots " (for substituting, at Warbourg, 1760,
strawbands for worn-out boots).

Notes.

— Formed

in

Scotland from

Killiecrankie.

Disbanded
ist,

in 17 13, but restored

troops of the present

Independent Troops of Horse that fought at two years later, mainly from two and three troops of the present 2nd Dragoons. It

suffered severely at Waterloo,

and distinguished
the
"jth,

itself in

the Mutiny.

Bibliography.

—Historical Record of

or Queen's

Own

Regiment of Hussars.

1690-1842.

Illustrated with a plate.

[London: Parker.

1842]

34

^be

lEiobtb

(^be

Ikina's

IRopal

Jrisb)

Ibussavs,

" Pristince virtutis memo?'es."

The Harp and Crown.

TITLES.
1693-1751.
1751-75.
Colonel Henry

Cunningham's [or its Colonel's name] Regiment of Dragoons; "St. George" from 1740-51.

The

8th Dragoons.

1775-77. The 8th Light Dragoons. The 8th, or The King's Royal Irish Light Dragoons. 1 777-1822.

1822 (from).

The

8th,

The King's Royal

Irish Hussars.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1704-13. Spain.
1706. Barcelona.
1707. Almanza.

17 10. Brehuega.

1794-95. Flanders. 1795. Cape of Good Hope.
1800. Kaffir War.
1

i7ro. Almanara.

7710. Saragossa.

80 1. Egypt.

35

Zbc EiQbtb {Zbc

Tking's

IRosal

5ri5b)

fbiissavs—cc^amiu-d.

»iS54.

36

^be

IRintb (^be ©ueen's IRo^al) Xancers.

The Royal Cypher within the Garter.

TITLES.
1715-51.

Major-General Owen Wynne's (or Dragoons.

its

Colonel's

name)

Regiment

of

The 9th Dragoons. The 9th Light Dragoons. 1 783-1 8 1 6. 1816-30, The 9th Lancers. The 9th, or Queen's Lancers 1830 (from).
1751-83.
(Queen's) Royal Lancers.

;

and

(shortly

afterwards)

The

9th

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1715. Jacobite rising. 1798. Irish RebeUion. 1806. Buenos Ayres. 1807.

*i8ii-i3. Peninsula.
*i843. Punniar.
*i846. Sobraon. *i848-49. Punjaub. *i849. Chillian wallah.

Monte Video.

1809. Flushing.

37

XCbe IRintb (TLbc (Queen's IRo^al) %anccts—(onftnued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'1849. Goojerat.

?i.c.— continued.

*i878-8o. Afghanistan.
*i879. Charasiah.
*i879. Kabul. *i88o. Kandahar.
1900. South Africa.

1857-58. Indian Mutiny.

1857. Delhi. 1858. Lucknow.

LTniform.— Scarlet (1715-84); Blue (1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-41); Blue (from Facings: Buff (1715-1805); Crimson (1805-30); Blue (1830-41); 1841). Scarlet (from 1841). Lancer-cap plume. Black and White.

Regimental Badge.
Nickname.
Notes.'

—" The Royal Cypher within the
" (a

Garter.''

— " The Delhi Spearmen
after

native sobriquet).

—The

senior of several regiments of

Dragoons restored
in

in 17 15,

which had
it

been disbanded

Utrecht.

Raised

the

southern

counties,
its

served

uninterruptedly in Ireland for eighty-six years to
special favour at the

1803, and in
It

title

received

hands of Queen Adelaide in 1830.

gained distinction for

service during the Indian Mutiny, and is the only British cavalry regiment with " Charasiah," " Kabul, 1879," and " Kandahar, 1880" on its Colours.

Bibliography.
1841.]

—Historical
1

Df-agoojis {Lancers).

Record of the gt/j, or Qtieeiis Royal Regiment of Light Illustrated with a plate. 715-1 841. [London: Parker.

38

^be ^entb

(tlbe

prince of Males's ®wit IRo^al) Ibussars.

The Plume of the Prince
OF Wales.

The Rising

Sun.

The Red Dragon.

TITLES.
Humphrey Gore's (or its Colonel's name) Regiment The loth Dragoons. 1783-1806. The loth, or Prince ofWales's Own Light Dragoons. 1806-11. The loth, or Prince ofWales's Own Hussars. The loth, The Prince ofWales's Own Royal Hussars. 181 1 (from).
1 7

15-5

1.

Colonel

of Dragoons.

1751-83.

39

XLbc

Uentb

(XTbe

^tincc of Males's

®wn

IRogal) Ijussars -««/"??/<?'/.

UxiFORM.

Scarlet (1715-83); Blue (from 1784). Facings, Deep Yellow (171 51811); Scarlet (1811-1819) Blue (from 1819) ; Helmet-plume, Black and White.
;

Regimental

Badges. " The Prince's Plume," " The Rising Sun," Dragon'' (from r783, ancient Badges of the Princes of Wales).

"

The Red

Also

"The

White Horse."

Nicknames.
"

"Baker's Light Bobs" (when under the command of Valentine Baker). The Don't Dance Tenth " (an officer told his hostess at a ball, " The Tenth Don't Dance "). " The Chainy Tenth " (from the pattern of the pouch belt).

Notes. Raised in Hertfordshire and adjoining counties ; the regiment received "baptism of fire" in the Jacobite rising of 1745. Since then its colours show
record.

its its

Bibliography. Historical Record of the lotk, The Prince of Wales's Own Royal Regiment of Hussars. 17 15-1842. Illustrated with plates. [London: Parker.
1843-]

The Memoirs of
Colonel R.
1891.]
S.

the

10th Royal Hu-ssars {Prince of
late

Wales's

Owii).
:

By

Liddell,

loth Hussars.

Illustrated.

[London

Longmans.

The White Horse

(of

Hanover).

Zbc Eleventb
Treti

(IPrince Hlbert'5

®wn)

Ibussars.

und

Fesf."

The Crest and Motto

of the late Prince Consort.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
1715-51Brigadier-General Philip Honeywood's (or
its

Colonel's

name)

Regiment of Dragoons.
1751-83.
1 7 83-1 840.

The nth Dragoons. The nth Light Dragoons. 1840 (from). The nth Prince Albert's Own

Hussars.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honours

"

on the Colours.

1

715. Jacobite rising.

1763. Groebenstein.

1746. Culloden.

1760-63. Germany.
1760. Warbourg.

1793-95. Flanders. 1793. Famars.
1793. Valenciennes. 1794. Cateau.

1760. Cassel.
1761. Kirk Denkern. 1762. Wilhelmstahl.

1794. Villers-en-Couche.
1794. Tournay.

1762. Capelnhagar.

1794. Martinique.
1794. Guadaloupe.

1762. Foorwohle.

41

Ube Eleventb

(iprince Elbert's

®wn)

lb\X35av5—^o>i^M>/ai.

PRINCIPAL BATTLES, CAMPAIGNS,
1795. Guildermalsen.
1799. Bergen. 1799. Egmont-op-Zec. 1799. Alkmaer.

&lc.— continued.

*i8i2. Salamanca.
1812. Burgos.
1815. Quatre Bras.

"1815. ^Vaterloo.
1815. Netherlands.

*i8oi. Egypt.
1801. Aboukir.
1

*i826. Bhurtpore.
'1854. Alma. '1854. Balaclava.

80 1. Mandora.

1801. Alexandria.
1805. Hanover.

"1854. Inkerman.
1855. Eupatoria.

*i8ii-i3. Peninsula.
i8ri. El-Bodon.

'1855. Sevastopol.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

1840).

(1715-83); Blue (1783-1830); Scarlet (1830-40); Blue (from Facings: Buff (r 7 15-1840) Plume, Crimson and Blue (from 1840).
;

White.

Regimental Badges.
Consort"
;

"

The

Crest and Motto {Treu und Fest) of the late Prince
for

also

"The Sphinx"

Egypt (1801).

Nicknames. " The Cherry-pickers " (from Peninsula times, a detachment having " The Cherubims" been taken prisoners in a fruit-garden during the campaign).
(from the crimson overalls).

Notes.

— Raised

first

in Essex and adjoining counties. It is stated the regiment was Its mounted on grey horses, and bore the motto, " Motus Componere''
title

present

was bestowed because

it

escorted the Prince Consort on the occasion

of his marriage to

Her

Majesty.

Bibliography.
Hussars.

— Historical Record
1 715-1842.

of the iith, or Prince Albert's
r843.]

Own

Regiment of

[London: Parker.

42

^be

Zvnclttb {Zl)e prince of

Malee's

IRo^al) Xarcers.

The Plume

of the Prince OF Wales.

The Rising

Kun.

The Rfh Dragon.

TITLES.
1

71 5-5

1.

Colonel Phineas Bowles's [or
of Dragoons.

its

Colonel's

name] Regiment

1751-68. The 1 2th Dragoons. 1768-1816. The i2th (The Prince of Wales's) Light Dragoons.
1816-17.
181 7 (from).

The i2th (The Prince of Wales's) Lancers. The 12th (The Prince of Wales's Royal)

Lancers.

1795-

43

Zhc

"JTwelftF)

(Zbe pvincc of Males's IRogal) %anccx3- continued.

UxiFOR-M.— Scarlet (1715-84); Blue (1784-1830)
1842).

;

Scarlet (1830-42);

Blue (from

Black (1768-84); Scarlet (1817-30); Blue (1830-42); Scarlet (from 1842).
'•

Facings,

White (1715-68);

Yellow Plume,

(1784-1817);
Scarlet.

Regimental Badges.— Plume of the Pruice of Wales," "The Rising Sun," '"The Red Dragon" (in honour of the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV., whose crests they were) also " The Sphinx," for Egypt (1801).
;

NiCKXAME.— " The
Notes.

Supple Twelfth."

— Originally raised in Berkshire,
from 17 17,

Buckinghamshire and Hampshire,
In Egypt
it

it

served in

Ireland,

for seventy-six years.

captured a French Convoy

with Colours.

Bibliography.
Lancers.

— Historical Record of the
17 15-1842.

izt/i,

Illustrated with a plate.

Prince of Wales's Royal Rciriment of [London: Parker. 1842]

The Sphinx.

44

XLbc ^birteentb Ibuseare.
' Viref in

^termimy

The Royal Cypher and Crown.

TITLES.
i7i5~5i-

Colonel Richard Munden's [or
of Dragoons.

its

Colonel's name] Regimenl

The 13th Dragoons. The 13th Light Dragoons. ]86i (from). The 13th Hussars.
1

75 1^83.

1783-1861.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1715. Jacobite

rising.

*i8i4. Orthes. *i8i4. Toulouse.

1745. Jacobite rising.
1796. Jamaica.

*i8i5. Waterloo.
1815. Netherlands.

*i8io-i4. Peninsula.
181
1.

Campo Mayor.

'1854. Alma. *i8s4. Balaclava. *i854. Inkerman.
*i855. Sevastopol.
1900. South Africa.

*i8ir. Albuera.
1811. Arroyo dos Molinos.
1812. Badajos.

*i8i3. Vittoria.

45

Uniform.

Scarlet

(1715-84);

1840).

Facings, Green (1715-84);

Blue (1784-1832); Scarlet (1832-40); Blue (from Pale BufF (i 784-1836) ; Green (1836-40);

Buff (from 1840).

Plume, White.

Regimental Badge. None recognised in Regulations, but " The Royal Cypher and Crown " appear on appointments. The motto, " Viret in ^ternum^' has been
borne since
its

formation.

Nicknames. Familiar in i8th century as " The Green Dragoons " (from the facings) " The Ragged Brigade " (during the Peninsular War, when its arduous services debarred much attention to appearances) " The Evergreens" (from its facings and punning motto) ; " The Geraniums " (for smartness of appearance) ; and " The Great Runaway Prestonpans " (in ailusion to the panic which seized some of the
;

men
Notes.

in the fight with the Jacobite rebels).

—Raised
it

in the

distinguished

order.

Midlands, the services of this regiment have been of the most It formed part of the Balaclava Light Brigade. In the
affairs,

Peninsula
losing 274

served in no less than thirty-two
1,009 horses.
iT,th

not counting general actions,

men and

Historical Record of the Bibliography. [London: Parker. 1842.] 1842.

Regiment of Light Dragoons.

1715-

46

Zbc

ifourteentb

(^be

Iking's)

Ibnssars.

The Prussian Eagle.

The Royal Crest within the Garter.

TITLES.
1715-20.
Brigadier-General James Dormer's Regiment of Dragoons.

The 14th Dragoons; also frequently by its Colonel's name. The 14th Light Dragoons. i798-r83o. The 14th, or Duchess of York's Own Light Dragoons. 1830-61. The 14th King's Light Dragoons. The 14th, The King's Hussars. 1861 (from).
1720-76. 1776-98.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
* "Honours'' on the Colours.

&c.

1715. Jacobite rising. 1746. Culloden.

"'1808-14. Peninsula.

*i8o9. Douro.

1794-95. Flanders.
1796.

*i8o9. Talavera.
1809. Oporto.

West

Indies.

47

Ubc

jfourteeutb (XTbe Iking's) t)n55RVs~(onfmued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1810. Busaco.
1810. Barca de Avintas.
1

&LC.—confmtied.

81 4. Toulouse.

1815.

New

Orleans.

*i8ii. Fuentes d'Onor.
18 1 2. Badajos. 18 1 2. Burgos.
1812. Salamanca.

* 1 848-49. Punjaub.

*i849. Chillianwallah.
*i849. Goojerat.

*i856. Persia.
1858. Indian Mutiny.

"1813. Vittoria.

*i8i4. Orthes.
1

*i858. Central India.
1900. South Africa.

814. Tarbes.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

(1715-84);
Facings,

Dark Blue (1784-1830);

Scarlet (1830-40);

Blue Blue

(from 1840). Brandenburg,

Lemon Yellow (1715-1798); Orange

(the livery of

1798-1830); Scarlet (in 1830), and shortly afterwards (1830-40); Scarlet (1840-61); Blue (from 1861). Plume, White.

Regimental Badges.
Eagle
"

— " The

Royal Crest within the Garter," also " The Prussian

(adopted in 1798 in honour of the Duchess of York, the Princess Royal

of Prussia).

Nicknames.

—"The

battle in question);

Ramnuggur Boys" (having encountered enormous odds at the "The Emperor's Chambermaids" (bestowed while in India).
South of England by Colonel Dormer
Its

Notes.

{see Royal Warwickshows its fame. Especially in ;the Peninsula, in the Punjaub, in Persia, and in Central India has it gained

—Raised

in the

shire

Regiment).

record of services

distinction.

Bibliography.
Dragoons.

— Historical

Reco7'd of the

z^th,

or
:

the

Kin^s Regiment of Light
1847.]

Illustrated with plates.

[London

Parker.

48

^be

fifteentb

(^be

IRina's)

Ibussars.

" Merebitmir.''

The Crest of England within the Garter.

TITLES.
i759~66.

The

15th Light Dragoons; also (popularly) EUott's Light Horse (from
Colonel's name).

its

The ist, or The King's Royal Light Dragoons. The iSth, or The King's Royal Light Dragoons. 1806 (from). The iSth, The King's Hussars.
1766-69.

1769-1806.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1760-63. Germany. *i76o. Emsdorf 1762. Wilhelmstahl.
1762. Friedburg.

1763. Groebenstein.

1793-95. Flanders. 1793. Valenciennes.
1794. Cateau.

49

Zhc

jfifteentb

{Zbc

Iklng's)

ibussars—^s«a«?/^^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*i794.. Villers-en-Coi!che.

^c— continued.
1813. Nivelle. 1814. Orthes.

*i8i3. Vittoria.

1794. Tournay. 1794. Nimeguen. 1795. Guildermalsen.

1814. Toulouse.

*i799. Egmont-op-Zee.
1799. Alkmaer.
*
1

*i8i5. Waterloo.
181 5. Cambray.

808-14. Peninsula.

181 5. Netherlands.

*i8o8. Sahagun.
1809. Benevente.

•1878-80. Afghanistan.
1881. Transvaal.

Uniform.

Scarlet (1759-84) ; Blue (from 1784). Facings, Green (1759-66); Dark Blue (1766-84); Scarlet (1784-1822) ; Blue (from 1822;. Plume, Scarlet.

Regimental
"

Badge. " The Crest of England within the Garter." Motto Mercbimur" for valour, in Germany in 1766 also a helmet inscription " Five Battalions of Foot defeated and taken by this Regiment, with their Colours and nine pieces of Ordnance, at Emsdorf, 16 July, 1760." The scarlet plume was also
: ;
:

conferred in 1799 as a distinction.

Nicknames.
Notes.

— "The Fighting

Fifteenth.''

—This

notable regiment was raised near London, and
{see

commenced

its

distin-

guished career the following year at Em.sdorf
Villers-en-Couche, where
it

above).

Subsequently,

at

Peninsula campaigns

it

captured three guns, in Holland (1799), and in the gained further renown.
the i^th, or King^s

Bibliography.
{Hussars).

— Historical Record of
1759-1841.

Regiment of Light Dragoons

[London: Parker.

1841.]

^be

Siyteentb (^bc
Ant
Cursii.

(Sliicen's)

Xancers.

ant Cominus Arims.''

The Royal Cypher within the Garter.

TITLES.
1759-66.

The

i6th Light Dragoons; also (popularly from name) Burgoyne's Light Horse.

its

Colonel's

The 2nd, Queen's, Light Dragoons. The i6th, or The Queen's Light Dragoons. 1 769-1815. The i6th. The Queen's Lancers. 1 815 (from).
1766-69.

PRINCIPxVL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
"^

&c.

" Honours"

011

ihe CoIouif.

1761. Belle-Isle.
1762. Portugal.

1778. Freehold.

T775-78. America.
1776. Brooklyn.
1776. White Plains.

1793-96. Flanders. 1793. Valenciennes.
1793. Dunkirk. 1794. Cateau. 1794. Tournay. 1794.

1777. Brandywine.
1777. Germantown.

West

Indies.

51

Zbc Sisteentb (Zhc

dlueen's) %mxccv3—(i»!fmued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ^lC— continued.
*i8o9-i4. Peninsula.
*i8o9. Talavera. *i826. Bhurtpore. *i839. Afghanistan. *i839. Ghuznee.
^1843. Maharajpore.

*i8ii. Fuentes d'Onor.
1812. Llereena.

*i8i2. Salamanca. *i8i3. Vittoria.
'*i8i3.

*i846. Aliwal. *i846. Sobraon.
1897. Dargai. 1900. South Africa.

Nive.

*i8i5. Waterloo.
1

81 5. Netherlands.

Uniform.

Scarlet (1759-83; possibly for a year or two after formation this may have been red with yellow facings); Blue (1783-1832); Scarlet (from 1832). Facings, Black (1759-66, but see above) ; Dark Blue (1766-83); Scarlet (1783Plume, Black. 1832); Blue (from 1832).

Regimental Badge.
atif

"

The Royal Cypher

within the Garter."

Motto, "Aut cursu,

comimis armis" (beito-weA. in 1766 for services in Portugal on the regiment
"

becoming

The Queens.")

Nickname.

— " The

Red

(or

Scarlet)

Lancers

"

;

being the only Lancers with the

scarlet tunic.

Notes.

Raised near London during the Seven Years' War. regiment to serve in India.
Historical Record of the
i.6t/i,

The

first

Lancer

BiBLioGRAPHv.
{Lancers).

or

Qtieeii's

Regiment of Light Dragoons
1842.]

1759-1841.

Illustrated with a plate.

[London: Parker.

52

Z\)e Seventeentb (^be 2)ufte of dambvibge's
Olancers.

®wn)

Death's Head, with Motto, "Or7Glory."

TITLES.
1759-63.

The i8th Light Dragoons. The 17th Light Dragoons. 1766-69. The 3rd Light Dragoons. The 17th Light Dragoons. 1 7 69-1 82 2. 1822-76. The 17th Lancers. The 17th (Duke of Cambridge's Own) 1876 (from).
1763-66.

Lancers.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colour?.

1

761.

Germany.

*i854- Alma. *i8S4. Balaclava. *i8S4. Inkerman. 1855. Eupatoria.
"iSSS- Sevastopol.

1775-83. America. 1775. Bunker's Hill.
1776. Brooklyn. 1778. Freehold.
1795. West Indies. 1806. Buenos Ayres. 1807. Monte Video.

1858. Indian Mutiny.

^1858. Central India.
*i879. South Africa.
1900. South Africa.

1815-20. Cutch.
J 81 6-18. Pindaree War.

53

Ube Seventeentb

(XCbe Dufte of

Cambribge's ©wn)

%a.nccv3—'^ofifimied.

Uniform.

Scarlet

(1759-84);

Blue

1840).

Facings, White (from 1759).

(1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-40); Blue (from Plume, White.

Regimental Badge.

" A Death's Head," with the words " Or Glory." This, chosen by Colonel Hale, who raised the corps in Hertfordshire and near London, was intended to commemorate the death of General Wolfe at Quebec (1759). Colonel Hale was with him at the time, and subsequently bore the home

despatches.

Nickname.— "The Death

or Glory Boys," or "The Skulls and Crossbones" (see Badge); "Bingham's Dandies" (area 1826) one of its Colonels, Lord Bingham, insisting on perfection of fit in uniform, and smartness in accoutrement ; " The Gentleman Dragoons ; " " The Horse Marines " (when employed as marines on board the Hermione frigate on the West India station in 1795).

Notes.

— First raised as the
served in
its

i8th Light Dragoons, and renumbered on the disbandment

of the old 17 th.

This regiment was one of those taking part in the famous

charge at Balaclava.

Renamed

in

1876

in

honour of the Duke of Cambridge,

who

ranks.

Bibliography.

—Historical Record of

1759-1841.

Illustrated with plates.

A

Llistory of the \']th

Regiment of Light Dragoons (Lancers). [London: Parker. 1841.] Lancers (Duke of Cavibridgis Own)- By the Hon. J. W.
the i']fh

[London: Macmillan. 1895.] The ''Death or Glory Boys" : The Siory of the i^th Lancers. [London Cassell. 1900.]
Fortescue.
:

By D. H.

Parry.

54

^be

leiobteentb Ibussars.

"jPro Rege, pro Lege, pro Patria

Conam

TITLES.
1759-63.

The

19th Light Dragoons

;

popularly, "

The Drogheda Light Horse."

1763-1807.
1807-22.

The
The

i8th Light Dragoons.

i8th King's Irish Hussars (then disbanded and revived).
i8th Huss'ars.

1858 (from).

The

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours.
1

1795. Jamaica. 1796.
St.

813. Vittoria.

Domingo.

1813. Nive.
1814. Orthes.

* 1 808-1 4.

1799. Holland. Peninsula.

1814. Toulouse.

1808. Sahagun.
1809. Benevente. 1809. Corunna.

*i8i5. Waterloo.
1900. South Africa.

Uniform.

Scarlet (1759'

?); subsequently,

and

at

disbandment, Dark Blue; Blue

(from 1858).

Facings, White (1759-1821); Blue (from 1858).

Plume, Scarlet

and White.

55

XTbe ]£igbteentb Hbnssuvs—'ro/i/hmetf.

Regimental Badge.
late

— None recognised

in Regulations

;

but in the case of both the

and the present i8th "The Royal Cypher and Crown" appeared and appears on the appointments. Motto, ^^ Fro Rege, pro Lege, pro Fatna Conamur " " We Strive for Sovereign, Laws, and Country."

Notes.

The first i8th is now the 17th Lancers; the present i8th, raised at Leeds in 1858, was allowed to revive the " honours " of the old corps, disbanded in 1821 ;
and the
scarlet

the motto

and white plume were restored
Hussars.

in 1878.

Bibliography.
Malet.

— Historical Record of the
:

x'6th

By Captain Harold

Esdaile

[London

Clowes.

1869.

The Royal Cypher and Crown.

S6

Zbe

IRineteentb (princess of Males's

®wn)

Ibussars.

The Elephant.

TITLES.
1759-63.

The

19th Light Dragoons (popularly the Drogheda Light Horse); re-numbered 18th in 1763, disbanded as i8th Hussars in 182 1.
:

The I gth Light Dragoons disbanded. The 23rd Light Dragoons then re-numbered. The 19th Light Dragoons. 1 786-181 7. 1817-21. The 19th Lancers: then disbanded. 1858-61. The Hon. East India Company's ist Bengal European 1861 (from). The 19th (Princess of A\'ales's Own) Hussars.
1779-83.
1781-86.
:

Cavalry.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
* <2)

&c.

"Honours" on

Honours of

the Colours: (i) Honours of the old 19th Lancers, disbanded in 1821 the present 19th Hussars, raised in 1858; (3) Not on present Colours, but worn by tli

old 19th Lancers.

1799. Mallavelly.

57

Zbc

IRineteentb (princess of Males's

®wn) ibussars— ftv///;«w.

Uniform.

Scarlet,

and Green
;

facings

facings (in 1821)

Blue, with Blue facings (from 1858).

(1779-83); Dark Blue, and Light Yellow Plume, White.

Regimental Badge. —"The Elephant"
Light Dragoons in India).

(for the distinguished services of the old 19th

Nicknames. " The Dumpies " (when raised in 1858, from the small "The Droghedas" (of the first 19th).
Notes.

stature of

its

men)

The old 19th received a hoporary Standard from Company for distinction at Assaye its badge, " The
;

the late

Hon. Last India

Elephant," was also then

bestowed.

Bibliography.
Murray.

Colbiirjis United Sei'vice Man^azine.

1873.

[Art.]

The Nineteoith
1900.]

a?id their Times.

By Colonel John

Biddulph.

[London

:

58

Zbc

XTwentletb

Ibussars.

TITLES.
1759-63.

The 20th

Inniskilling Light
:

Dragoons

:

disbanded.

1779-83.

The 20th Light Dragoons

disbanded.
:

1791-1802. 1802-1818.
1858-60.

The The

20th Jamaica Light Dragoons
20th Light Dragoons
:

renamed.

disbanded.
Cavalry.

The 2nd Bengal European Light The 20th
Hussars.

i860 (from).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on
1807.

the Colours.

1795-6.
1806.

Maroon War.

Monte Video.

Cape of Good Hope.

1807. Egypt.

1812-13. Spain. 18 14. Genoa.
1884-5. Nile. *i885. Suakim.

*iSoS. Peninsula. *i8o8. Vimiera.

1806. Maida. 1806. Buenos Ayres.

1808-12.

Sicily.

Uniform.

Scarlet and Yellow (afterwards Black) facings (1759-63); Scarlet and Yellow facings (1779-83); Blue and Yellow (afterwards Orange) facings (17911814); Blue and Blue facings 'from 1858). Plume, Yellow.

Regimental

Badge. —None recognised Royal Cypher and Crown with XX.'

in

Re%ulations

-.

on appointments " The

H

Bibliography.

— Colhiinis

United Service Magazine.

1876.

[Art.]

59

Zbc

^weiiti^^jfirst

(impress

of JnMa's) Xancers.

TITLES.
1759-63.
1779-83.

The
The

21st Light Dragoons, or
2
1

Royal Windsor Foresters

:

disbanded.

St

Light Dragoons

:

disbanded.
:

1794-1819.
1858.

The

2ist Light

Dragoons

disbanded.

The East The
2 1 St

India Company's 3rd Bengal European Cavalry.
Cavalry.

1858-62.

The 3rd Bengal European
21st Hussars.

i862-r897.
1897-9.

The

Lancers.
21st

1899 (from).

The

(Empress of

India's) Lancers.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1795-8. San Domingo (the rOuverture Revolution).
1807.

&c.

Toussaint

181 2. Cape of
"1899.

Good Hope.

1814-15. Kaffraria.

Monte Video.

Khartoum.

Uniform.

Scarlet

(1779-83);
facings (in

and Dark Blue facings (1759-63); Scarlet and White facings Blue and Yellow facings (when raised in 1794); Blue and Pink 1814); Blue and Black Velvet facings (in 1815) ; Blue and Blue facings
Plume, White.

(from 1858-97); Blue and French Grey facings (from 1897).

Regimental Badge.

— None
this

recognised
-V-V-T
J)

in

Regulations

.

on

appointments

"

The

Royal Cypher and Crown with "^rr
Notes.

—A detachment of

regiment served at
recent
title

St.

Llelena as guard to the

Emperor

Napoleon when

in exile.

brilliant services at

The Omdurman.

was conferred

in recognition of its

II.

THE ROYAL ARTILLERY.

62

^be

IRoi^al

IRcgiment of

Hrtilleri?,

The Royal Arms.

The Gun and Mottoes.

TITLES.
1

6th century to 1716.

1716 (from).

The Tram of Artillery. The Royal Regiment of Artillery
Horse
Artillery (27 Batteries).

:

comprising (Mar. 1900).

(i) (2) (3)

Field Artillery (121 Batteries).

Mountain

Artillery (10 Batteries).
;

(4)
(5)

Garrison Artillery (83 Batteries)
Artillery Militia
:

with

also incorporated.

(6) (7) (8) (9)

The Royal Malta Artillery. The (late) Bengal Artillery. The (late) Madras Artillery. The (late) Bombay Artillery.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
One arm
every campaign
a particularised
Artillery,
list is

&c.

or other of this branch of the Service has, obviously, taken part in
:

therefore unnecessary.

The guns

are the

and as such are entitled to all "parade honours." Formerly, regimental honours appear to have been worn by certain companies. Amongst such were " Niagara," " Leipsic," " Waterloo," and " The Dragon of

"Colours" of the

China."

63

TLbc IRogal IRegiment of Uvtillcv'Q— continued.

Uniform.

— Blue with Scarlet

facings.

Plume, White.

Regtmental Badges.
mottoes,

Royal Arms and Supporters, with a Cannon. The over, and " Qiw fas et o;lori ducunt ("Whither Right and Glory lead us") under the gun.
" Ubique "

—The

(Everywhere)

Nicknames.

-"

The Gunners

"
;

"

The Four-wheeled Hussars"

(of the

Royal Horse

Artillery).

Notes. Trains of artillery seem first to have been raised in the time of Henry VHI. and up to 1716 appear to have been disbanded after each campaign. In 17 16 several companies received permanent corporate existence, since which the
;

batteries.

enormous increase in the number of Royal Artiller)- has been one of distinction, and it may fitly be said to share the honours of all other The Royal Irish Artillery were absorbed in 1801, and the East regiments. India Company's Artillery in 1858.
exigencies of
led to an
But, from
first

modern warfare have

to last the

record of the

BinLiOGRAPHY.
original

Records.
:

History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Compiled By Captain Francis Duncan, M.A., D.C.L.
1872.]

from the
2

vols.

[London

Murray.

History of the Horse Brigade.

[London:

Mitchell.]

History of tJie Regiment of Bengal Artillery.
Proceedings of the

By

F.

W. Stubbe.

2 vols.

[1877.]

Royal

Artilleiy Institution.

Passim.

III.

THE ROYAL ENGINEERS.

66

Z\K Corps

of IRo^al jeucjineers

Ti:e

Royal Arms.

TITLES.
1717-88.

The Soldier Artificer Conipan)-. The Corps of Royal Military Artificeis. The Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners. 1813-56. 1856 (from). The Corps of Royal Engineers.
1788-1813.

CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,

&c.

Its Like the Artillery, this Corps has necessarily taken part in every campaign. services have been pre-eminent from the first, and few regitnents, ;f any, can show a

longer or more distinguished

list of honoured names. Amongst many others may be mentioned Jones, Burgoyne, Pasley, Colby, Denison, Napier of Magdala, Simmons, Gordon of Khartoum, Gerald Graham, Kitchener of Khartoum, Warren, and

others.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

and Black velvet

facings (in

17 17); Scarlet

and Orange

facings

{1772-88); Dark Blue and Black facings (1788-1813); Scarlet and Dark Blue facings (from 1813).

67

Ubc Corps

of IRo^al iBnQinccvs—cmfimM/.

Regimental

Badge.

— "The
"

Royal Arms and
et gloria

Supporters,"

flith

the

mottoes,

" Ubiquc"' over,

and

Quo fas

ducunt" below.
(of

Nickname. "The Mudlarks"; "The Measurers"; "The Flying Bricklayers" the mounted contingent).
Notes.

—A

company of Engineer

Militia

is

attached to the corps

:

also incorporated

(from 1858) the Bengal, Bombay, and Madras Engineers.

Bibliography. History of the Royal Sappers and Miners. 2 vols. [London: 1855.]

By T. W.
Francis
B.

J.

Connolly.

The Royal Engineers. By the Right Hon. [London: Murray. 1869.]
History of the Corps of Royal Engineers.

Sir

Head,

Bart.

Royal Engineers.

2

vols.

By \\'hit\vorth Porter, Major-General, [London: Longmans 1889.]

IV.

THE FOOT GUARDS.

70

^be (BfcnaMer
3 Batts.

(5uarbs.

The Crown and Cypher
OF Charles IT. the Original Badge.
:

A

Grenade.

TITLES. The King's Royal Regiment of Guards. 1685-1815. The First Regiment of Foot Guards. The First, or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards. 181 5 (from).
1660-85.

71

TLbc (BrenaMer

(5x\aii>3—<ro^/fiw:e.f.

72

^be CoIbBtream 6uarb?.
3 Batts.

The Star of the Garter.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
1650-60.
T

Colonel Monck's Regiment of Foot

:

also (popularly)

Monck's Coldstreamers.

The Lord General's Regiment of Foot. 1661-70. The Lord General's Regiment of Foot Guards. 1670-1817. The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards. 1817 (from). The Coldstream Guards.

660-6 1.

73

Ube

Colbstreain Gi\avt)5—co;i&iuer/.
^c.—contiimai.
*iS54. Inkerman. *i855. Sevastopol. *i882. Egypt *i882. Tel-el-Kebir.
•1885. Suakim.
1900. South Africa.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1812. Burgos.
1812. Salamanca. 1813.
St.

1814. Payonne.
1

81 4-1 5. Netherlands.

Sebastian.

181 4. Bergen-op-Zoom. 181 5. Quatre Bras.
''i8r5.

1813. Vittoria.

181 3. Pyrenees.
1813. Bidassoa. 1813. Nive.

Waterloo.

1827-28. Portugal. 183S-42. Canada.
'1854. Alma.

181

3.

Nivelle.

— Scarlet faced with Green (1650-70) Regimental axd other Badges. — In 1660 a
L'xiFORM.
white balls
;

;

Starlet faced with Blue (from 1670).

red cross on a green ground with six

in

1684 a
is

St.

George's Cross, bordered white on a blue ground.

The

Regulation device

for ist

and 3rd

Batts., the Star of the
;

Order of the Garter,

surmounted by the Imperial Crown 2nd Batt., a Star of eight points within the Garter, surmounted by the Imperial Crown, the Union within the dexter canton. Also in twos, in succession, as the Colours are renewed, the following company badges conferred by Royal Authority in r75i
:

(1) (2) (3) (4)

A

White Lion.
Prince of Wales's Feathers.
Panther.

(10)

An

Escarbuncle.

The

(11)

A

White Boar with golden
bristles.

A Spotted
Two

Crossed Swords.
within the Garter.

(12)

(5)
(6j

The George and Dragon.

(13)

A Dun Cow. A Red and

^^'hite

Rose empaled

(7) (8)

A Red Rose A Centaur.
Two Golden

with a Pomegranate.
(14)

Sceptres crossed.

(15) (16)

(g)

The Golden Knot
the Garter.

of the Collar of

The White Horse of Hanover. The Electoral Bonnet of Hanover. The Hanover Horse.
Egypt.

NiCKNAiiES, &c.

— " The Coldstreamers."
all

Also " The Sphinx
"

" for

The
is

Nulli Secundus Club."
the direct

Notes.

— The Regiment of
II.

Coldstream Guards
other

the

Parliamentary Infantry,
It derives its

Restoration.

and only descendant of been disbanded at the name from Monck's march from Coldstream to restore
corps having
Serviees of the Coldstream

Charles

Bibliography.

— The Origin and
2 vols.

Guards.

By Colonel
Lieut.-Col.

Sir

Daniel MacKinnon.

[London: Bentley.

1833.]
to

A

Hiito7-y of the Coldstream

of Bladensburg, C.B.

Guards from 18 15 [London: iSg6.]

1895.

By

Ross

^be Scots

6llar^s.

3 Batts.

KovAL Arms of Scotland.

The

Thistle.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
1660-17 13. The Scots Regiment of Guards. 1713-1831. The 3rd Foot Guards. 1831-77. 'J'he Scots Fusilier Guards.
1877 (from).

The

Scots Guards.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1689-

75

Zhc Scots (Buarbs— ^wAV/K^,/.
PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1807. Copenhagen.
1812. Ciudad Rodrigo. 1813.
St.

h.c.— continued.
'"'1854.

Alma.
Sevastopol.

1809-14. Peninsula.
1809. Flushing. 1809. Douro.
'1809. Talavera. "1811. Barossa.

Sebastian.

'1854. Inkerman.
""1854.

1814-15. Netherlands.
1814. Bayonne. 1814. Bergen-op-Zoom.
1

^1882. Egypt.
••1882.

Tel-el-Kebir

81 5. Quatre Bras.
AVaterloo.

"1885. Suakim.
1900. South Africa.

1812. Badajos.

1815.

181 2. Burgos.

1826-28. Portugal.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

and White

facings (from 1660 to circa 1713J; h;carlet

and Blue

facings (from circa 1713).

Regimental and Other Badges.
with motto, "

1st Batt. The Royal Arms of Scotland, surmounted by the Imperial Crown 2nd Batt. The Union Badge, viz., the Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, with the motto, " Unita Fortior" surmounted by the Imperial Crown. Also two of sixteen company badges, with mottoes borne in rotation, as follows
:

— The

En !

Ferns

Hostis,''

;

:

:

(i)

The Royal Crest of Scotland, '•^Nemo me impune laccssit."

with

(9)

A

Cannon

firing,

with

" Concussce

cadent tirbes''
(10)

(2)

A

Bombshell,
offeror

with

" Terrorevi

A

Salamander, with " Fascna nota
tnihi."

(3) (4)

A

Lion

erect, with " Infrepidus."

(11) St.

Andrew's Cross, with "In hoc
signo
vijices."

The Badge and Motto
of the Thistle.

of the Order
(12)

A

Trophy, with " Honorcs prafcro!'
of the Duke of Connaught, with " Te diice vincitnHi."

(5)

The Red Lion rampant
" Timiere
nesciiis.'^

of Scotland,

(13) (14)

KDog,\Vith." Intaniinafa fide."

with collar and chain of gold, and

The Label The

(6)

A
A

Blue

Griffin,

with

" Belloque

(15)

Galley
!'

of

Lome, with

"

A>

ferox."
(7)

obliviscaris

Phoenix in

flames,

with
"

"Per

(16)

The Rose and
cos en

Thistle, with "Fecit

(8)

funera viiam." A Thunderbolt,
tibique."

gentem iman:."

with

Horror

Also " The Sphinx," for Egypt (1801).

Nickname.
Notes.

"

The

Jocks."

— Raised

in Scotland

by the Earl of Linlithgow.

76

XLbc Jrieb (Buarbs.

The Harp and Crown.

The Star of the
77, April,

OrdjiR of St. Patrick.

By an Army Order (No.
deemed
it

1900),

"Her Majesty
shown by the

the Queen, having

desirable to

commemorate

the bravery

Irish regiments in the

recent operations in South Africa, has been graciously pleased to
Irish
'

command
be

that an

regiment of
Irish Guards.'

Foot Guards be formed.
"

This regiment

will

designated

The

The

details of the

Uniform have not yet been

fully settled

;

the

Harp and Crown

appear on the buttons, and the Shamrock on the
is

collar, while the regimental badge

the Star of the Order of

St.

Patrick.
their public service as the

The

Irish

Guards commenced

guard of honour
of

at the

reception by

H.R.H.

the Prince of

Wales, at Paddington,
his return

Lord Roberts, the
of operations in

Commander-in-Chief, on the occasion of

from the

field

South Africa, i899-r9o[?].

V.

TERRITORIAL REGIMENTS

^be
1st

TRoi^al

Scots (Xotbian IRegiment),
COMPRISING

&

2nd BattS.

(formerly)

3rd Batt.
"'

The ist (The Royal Scots) Regiment; The Edinburgh Light Infantry Militia.
me impuue
laccss'.t!'

with

JVciiio

The

Tiiisri.E

and Crowx.

The

St.

Andrew's

Cros'^.

The

Si'Hinx.

TITLES
1

633-78. Le Regiment de Douglas.
the

1

81 2-2

1.

The The The

ist,

or

The Royal

Scots

1678-84. Colonel
barton's

Earl

of

Dumof

Regiment of Foot.
1821-71.
ist,

Regiment of Foot.

or

The Royal Regi-

1684-1751.
Foot.

The The

Royal
ist,

Regiment

ment of Foot.
1871-81.
ist,

the Royal Scots,

1751-1812.

or

The

Royal

Regiment of Foot.

1881 (from). The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c
* ''Honours''

on the Colours.

1673. IVIaestricht.

1695. Namur.
1

*i7o8. Oudenarde.
1708. Wynendale. 1708. Lisle. 1708. Ghent.

1680-83. Tangier. 1689-97. Flanders. 1689. Walcourt.
1692. Steenkirk.

701-14. Germany.

1702. Venloo.
1704. Schellenberg.

*i704. Blenheim.

1693. Neer Landen.

*i7o6. Ramilies.

1709. Touniay. *i709. Malplaquet.

79

UF3e IRoBal Scots (Xotblaii t(icQimcnV—^o;i/ui?ta/.

8o

^be
1st

(Queen's (IRoi^al

Mest Surrey

IRccjiment).

COMPRISING

&

2nd

Batts. (formerly)

The 2nd (Queen's Royal)
Militia.

;

with

3rd Batt.

The 2nd Royal Surrey
mevtory

" Pristina virtiUis

" Vel extivice tritimpliaiitr

The Paschal

Lamis.

The Roval
WITHIN
I'HE

Cvi'hi-r

The

Sphin.k.

Garter.

TITLES.
1661-84.

The

Tangierenes,

or

Queen's

1727-51. The Queen's
Foot.

Own Regiment

of

Own
1

Regiment of Foot.

684-1 703. The Queen Dowager's Regi-

ment of Foot.
1703-15.

1751-1881. The

The Queen's Royal Regiment

2nd (Queen's Regiment of Foot,

Royal)

of Foot.

1715-27. The Princess of Wales's

Own

1881 (from).

The Queen's (Royal West

Regiment of Foot.

Surrey Regiment).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on ihe Colours.
799. Egmont-op-Zee. 80 1. Mandora. *i8oi. Egypt.
1 1 1

1662-83. Tangier. 1690. Boyne.
1

1703-4. Germany.
1703. Tongres.

691. Aughrim.

1704-8. Spain.
1707. Almanza.
1

1692-5. Flanders.
1693. Neer Landen. 1695. Namur. 1702. Cadiz.

80 1. Alexandria.

71

1.

Quebec.

1807. Rosetta.
* 1 808-1 4. Peninsula.

1799. Helder. 1790. Bergen.

*t8o8. Vimiera.

Ube

(Siueen's (IRosal

Mest Surrey

IRegtment)— f<'-«'/«'/^i

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
i8og. Flushing.

iac—contimrJ.
*i86o.
*1

*i8i4. Toulouse.
^1839. Afghanistan.

Taku

Forts.

*i8o9. Corunna.
i8og. Talavera.

*i86o. Pekin.

*i839. Ghuznee. *i839. Khelat.
1842. Cabool.

886-8. Burma.

*i8i2. Salamanca. *i8i3. Vittoria.

«i897-8. Tirah.
1900. South Africa.

*i8i3. Pyrenees.
*i8i3. Nivelle.

*i8s 1-2-3

&

6-7. South

Africa.

Uniform.

—Scarlet and

colour of
1768).

Queen Catherine

Sea-Green facings (1661-1768; sea-green was the favourite see also " Badges ") Scarlet with Blue facings (from
; ;

Territorial Badges.

" The Paschal Lamb " (the crest of the house of Braganza) Also with the mottoes, " Pristina virtutis manor " and " Vel exuvicB trhanphanf."

"The Royal Cypher

within the Garter."
"

Also " The Sphinx," for Egypt (i8or).

Nicknames. — " Kirke's Lambs

(during the

Monmouth

Rebellion,

1683, under the

Colonelcy of Piercy Kirke the reputation of the regiment was none of the best). "The Sleepy Queen's" (at Almeida, 1810, they carelessly allowed General " The Governor's Regiment " (on its formation for service Brennier to escape).
in Tangier).

Notes.

— Tangier
II.

was part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza, the Queen of
"

Charles

The Paschal Lamb

" is the

crest

of the royal house of Braganza,

and the facings (sea-green) on formation were also in honour of the Queen. For gallantry at Tongres it received its title in 1 703 ; also possibly its second motto (" Even the Remnant Triumph "), a most desperate resistance of twenty-eight The other motto hours' duration having there been offered to the French attack.
("

Mindful of Ancient Valour
it

")

is

thought to refer to

Marlborough's Spanish

campaigns, in which
for reinforcements.

saw much

service, besides having

been specially selected

Bibliography. Historical Record of the 2nd, or Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot 1661-1837. [London Clowes. 1837.]
:

History of the 2nd Queen's Royal Regiment, ttow the Qtieetis {Royal West By Colonel John Davis, F.S.A. Maps and Illustrations. Surrey) Regiment.
Vol.
I,

1661-84.

Vols. 2

and

3,

1684-1799.

[London: Bentley.

1887-95.]

82

^be Buff0 (East

Ikent

IRegiment),

COMPRISING

1st

&

2nd BattS.

(formerly)

The 3rd

(East

Kent

— The Buffs) Regiment of Foot

with a

3rd Batt.

The East Kent

Militia.

Vderi frondcscit honore."

The Dragon.

The United Rose
AND Crown.

The White Horse of Kent.

TITLES.
1665-89.

The Holland Regiment

(from

1572—^««/. Queen
service of Holland).

Elizabeth

in

1751-82. The 3rd (or ment of Foot.
'

The
(East

Buffs)

Regi-

1782-1881. The
Buffs)

3rd

Kent-The

1689-1708. Prince George of Denmark's

Regiment of Foot.

^^^™™^'
1708-51.

1881 (from). The Buffs (East Kent) RegiBuffs.
.

The

ment of Foot.

83

XTbe

asuffs

(JEast

Ikent TRcQimcnt}—continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS,

84

ZTbe mrxQ's

®wn

(IRoi^al

Xancastcr IRegiment),

COMPRISING
ist

3rd

& 2nd & 4th

Batts. (formerly) The 4th (The Kmg's Batts. The
ist

Own

Royal)

;

with

Royal Lancashire

Militia.

The Lion of England.

The Royal Cypher within The Red Rose
THE Garter.

of Lancaster.

TITLES.
1680-84.
also

The 2nd Tangier Regiment; The Tangierenes.
of

1702-15. The Queen's Marines.
17 15-51.

The King's Own Regiment.

1684-85. The Duchess Alhany's Regiment.
.

York

and

1751-1867. The 4th, or The King's Regiment. 1867-1881. The 4th (The . ,\ t, Royal) Regiment.
'

Own

^o 00 The .^ 1685-88. ^, Queen's -n ° Regiment. ^ ^

Kmg's Own

1688-1702. The Queen Consort's Regiment.

1881 (from). The King's Lancaster Regiment).

Own

(Royal

8s

Ube

Iktng's

®wn

(IRogal

Xancaster TRcQimcnt)— 'Continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*" Honours"
1685.
on the Colours.

&c.

86

^be IRortbumberlanb
COMPRISING
IStJto 4th Batts. (formerly)

jfusiliers,

The

5th (Northumberland Fusiliers)

;

with

5th Batt. The Northumberland

Militia.

"

Quo fata

vacant."

St.

George and the Dragon.

The United Rose

(slipped)

and Crown.

TITLES.
1674-88.
to

A

"Holland

service of Prince of

Regiment" (in Orange previous
:

1751-82.

1782-1836.
1836-81.
liers)

The 5th Regiment of Foot. The 5th (Northumberland)

1684

"The

Irish Regiment).

Regiment of Foot.

1688-94. Colonel

Edmond
Colonel's

Lloyd's Regi-

The

ment of Foot.
1694-1751.
(Its

5th (Northumberland FusiRegiment of Foot.

name) Regi-

1

88 1 (from).
liers.

The Northumberland

Fusi-

ment of Foot.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1690. Boyne.
1

1727. Gibraltar. 1758. Cherbourg.

691. Athlone.

1775^78. America. 1775. Lexington.
1775. Bunker's Hill. 1776. Brooklyn. 1776.

1 69 1. Limerick. 1692-97. Flanders.

1760-63. Germany.
1760. Corbach.
7760. Warbourg.
17

1695.

Namur.

Long

Island.

1707-13. Spain.
1709, Caya.

61.

Denkern.

1776. White Plains.

^1762. Wilhelmstahl.

1776. Brunx.

87

Zbc TRortbumberlanb

jfusiliers—««a>«/^^.

CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1777. Brandywine. 1777. Germantown. 1778. St.Lucia (LaVigie).

1787-97. Canada. 1799. Bergen.
1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 1799. Crabbendam. 1799. Alkmaer. 1806. Buenos Ayres.
"•1808-14. Peninsula.

88

Zbe

IRo^al Marwicf^sbire IReGiment,
COMPRISING

1st

& 2nd
Foot
;

BattS.

(formerly)

The

6th

(Royal First Warwickshire) Regiment of

the 3rd and 4th Batts.

have been recently sanctioned, with two Militia

Battalions.

5th Batt.

The

I St

Warwick

Militia. Militia.

6th Batt.

The 2nd Warwick

The Antelope.

The Unitrd Rose
AND Crown.

The Bear and Ragged

Staff.

TITLES.
1673-88.

A

"Holland Regiment."
raised)

Also Walter
-r,

i7[?]-i832.

The

6th (ist Warwickshire)

(when
1688-1702.
'

Colonel
,

Sir

Regiment of Foot.
o o ^..u /-d 1832-81. t-i The 6th (Royal
1
.

Vane's Regiment of Foot. ,^° _ „ n Its Colonels name J L

^ ist
t.

^\T^^ ,-„i, Warwick-

Regi»

^ Foot, shne) Regiment of -c
,

.

c

i702-[

ment of Foot. ? ]. The "Sea Service" Regiment
of Foot.

1881 (from). The Regiment.

Royal

Warwickshire

89

XTbe tRosal Marwicftsbire TRcgimcnt—continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,

&c.

^be

IRo^al Jfusiliers (Cit^ of
COMPRISING

Xonbon

IRcGiment),

ISt

&

2nd Batts. (formerly) The 7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment; Batts. 3 and 4 recently sanctioned ; with Militia (three Battalions).
The Royal Westminster The Royal London
Militia.
;

5th Batt.

6th Batt.
7th Batt.

Militia

and
Militia.

The Royal South Middlesex

The United Rose and
Garter.

The White Horse.

TITLES.
1685-89. " Our
Fusihers
"
;

Royal
also

Regiment "
Guards.''

;

Regiment of Our Ordnance formerly " The Tower
"

1689-1881. The 7th (Royal
1881 (from).
of

Fusiliers).

The Royal Fusihers London Regiment).

(City

91

Zbc

IRosal jfusilters (Cits ot

Xon5on

"ViLZQimznt)— continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
•"Honours'' on
the Colours.

&c.

1689-go. Flanders.

92

^be

1kina'0

(Xiverpool
COMPRISING

IReotrttent),

1st

&
&

2nd BattS.

(formerly)

The

8th
;

(The King's) Regiment of Foot; the
with Militia Battalions.

3rd and 4th Batts. recently sanctioned

5th

6th Batts.

The 2nd Lancashire

Militia.

The White Horse and
Garter.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
1685-1702.

The

Princess

Anne

of

1751-1881. The 8th (The King's) Regiment.

Denmark's Regiment.

The Queen's Regiment. 1716-51. The King's Regiment;
1702-16.

also

t

881 (from).

The

King's

(Liverpool

the King's Hanoverian White Horse.

Regiment).

93

Ube

IRing's

(Liverpool

TRcQimcntj—^ofitinuaf.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours.

1690.

94

ZTbe IRorfoIk IRegiment,
COMPRISING
ist

&

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

The

9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot

with Militia Battalions.

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The I St Norfolk Militia. The 2nd Norfolk Militia.

The Figure of Britannia.

TITLES.
1685-88. Colonel Henry Cornwell's Regi1751-82.
1

The

9th Regiment of Foot.
9th

ment of Foot.
1688-1751.
(Its

782-1881. The

(East

Norfolk)

Colonel's

name) Regi1

Regiment of Foot.
88 1 (from).

ment of Foot.

The Norfolk Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours

"

on the Colours.

1689. Londonderry. 1690. Boyne.
1
1

1702. Kaiserswerth. 1702. Venloo. 1702. Huy.

1707. Valencia
tara.

d' Alcan-

69 1. Aughrim. 701-4. Germany.

1707. Albuquerque.
1

1704-10. Spain.
1707. Almanza.

7 ID.

Almanara.

1702. Lidge.

17 10. Badajos.

95

Ube

IRorfolf? TRcQimcnt—'^oniinued.

96

^be Xincolnsbire
COMPRISING
st

IReaiment,

&

2nd Batts. The Mihtia Battahons.

loth

(North

Lincolnshire)

Regiment of

Foot;

with

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The Royal North Lincoln The Royal South Lincoln

Militia.
Militia.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
1685-95. Colonel
Sir

(The Earl of ^^^^
1

Bath)
'

John Greville's Regiment of
"

1751-82.

The

loth Regiment of Foot. loth

1782-1881. The
shire)

(North

Lincoln-

695-175 1.

[Its

Colonel's

name]

Regi-

Regiment of Foot.

ment of Foot.

r88i (from).

The

Lincolnshire Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on
1702. Liege.

the Colours. ''1706.

1690-96. Flanders.
1692. Steenkirk.
17

Ramilies.

1704. Schellenberg.

'1708. Oudenarde.

01-13. Germany.

*i704. Blenheim.
1705.

1708. Lisle.
1708. Ghent.

1702. Kaiserswerth.

Neer Hespen.

97

XTbe Xincolnsbire iRcQimcnt—continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1709. Tournay. *i709. Malplaquet.
17 1 1. Bouchain. 17 12. Quesnoy.

inc.— continued.
*i849. Mooltan.

1777. Brandywine. 1777. Germantown. 1778. Freehold. 1798. Grenada.
"'1801.

*i849. Goojerat.

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. *i857. Lucknow. 1875-76. Perak.
1888. Burma.

1767-78. America. 1775. Lexington.
1775. Bunker's Hill. 1776.

Egypt.

1809. Flushing.

1809. Ionian Islands.

*i898. Atbara.
"1898. Khartoum.
1900. South Africa.

Long

Island.

*i8i2-i4. Peninsula.
'^1846. Sobraon.

1776. White Plains.
1776. Brunx.

*i848-49. Punjaub.

Uniform.

— Blue

faced with

sequently, but

when

is

Red (when raised) Scarlet and Yellow facings unknown) Scarlet with White facings (present time).
; ;

(sub-

Regimental Badge.
Nickname.
Notes.

— "The

Sphinx,'' for

Egypt (1801).
also applied to the 62nd).

— "The Springers" (during American War:

The loth were the only regiment of Foot dressed in Blue when raised. Amongst other distinctions this regiment has been wrecked, has lost its way in the Arabian desert, has been attacked by plague, and took part in a gallant dash
without the loss of a man.

In the Mutiny

it

did

much hard work.

Bibliography. Historical Record of the 10th (or North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot. 1685-1847. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1847.]

98

^be Devonsbire
1st

IRegiment,

COMPRISING

&

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

The nth (North Devonshire) Regiment
with MiHtia Batts.

of Foot>

3i;d

Batt.

The 2nd Devon The istDevon

Militia.

4th Batt.

Militia.

The Castle of Exeter and Motto.

TITLES.
168.5-87. Colonel the

Duke

of Beaufort's

Regiment of Foot.
1687-1751.
[Its

1751-82. The nth Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The nth (North Devonshire)

Colonel's

name] Regi-

Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from).

ment of Foot.

The Devonshire Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&:c.

" Honours" on

the Colours.

1690. Boyne.
1690. Athlone.

1703-4. Germany.
1706-8. Spain.
1707. Almanza,
1

1709. Mons. 1709. Pont-k-Vendin,
1 7

1690. Limerick.

10.

Douay.
Bethune.

1690-96. Flanders.
1692. Steenkirk.

708-1 1. Germany.

17 10

1709. Malplaquet.

1710. Aire.

99

XCbe Devonsbire TRcQimcnt—cen^inwd.

PRIXCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.—iwA>/?/rfl'.
17 lO.

tTbe Suffolk IRcatment,
COMPRISING
1st

&

2nd BattS.

(formerly)

The

12th (East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot;

with

Militia Batts.

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The West

Suffolk Militia
Militia.

;

and

The Cambridge

The Castle, the Key, and Motto.

TITLES.
1685
{ante).

Colonel The

Duke

ot

Nor

1685-17 51.
1751-82.

[Its

Colonel's

name]

Regi-

folk's

Regiment of Foot.

ment of Foot.

The

i2th Regiment of Foot.

1685-86. Colonel

The Earl

of Lichfield's

1782-1881. The 12th (East Suffolk) Regi-

Regiment of Foot.
1

ment of Foot.
88 1 (from). The Suffolk Regiment.

ZbC

SUffOlf^ TRCQimCnt—comfmi/e^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honours

"

on the Colours.

1690. Boyne.

^be prince
1st

Elbert's (Somereetsbtre OLigbt Jnfantri?),
COMPRISING
(Prince Albert's Light

&

2nd BattS.
The
ist

(formerly)

The 13th

(ist Somersetshire)

Infantry)

Regiment

;

with Militia.

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

Somerset Militia; and
Militia.

The 2nd Somerset

The Mural Crown. The
Sphinx.

TITLES.
1685-88. Colonel The
Earl of Hunting-

1822-42.

The

13th (First Somersetshire

don's Regiment of Foot.

Light Infantry) Regimenr.

1688-1751.
1751-82.

[Its

Colonel's name] Regiment

1842-1881. The 13th
(Prince
Albert's

(ist

Somersetshire)
Infantry)

of Foot.

Light

The

13th Regiment of Foot.
1

Regiment.
88 1 (from). The Prince Albert's (Somersetshire Light Infantry).

1782-1822. The 1 3th (First Somersetshire)

Regiment

of Foot.

PRIXCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, IJATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours.

1689. Killicrankie.
1690. Boyne. 1690. Cork. 1690. Kinsale.

1702. Venloo. 1702. Ruremonde. 1702. Huy. 1702. Limberg.
1702. Liege.

1704-5. Gibraltar.
1705. Barcelona.
1707. Almanza.

1709. Caya.
1

1701-3. Flanders.
1702. Kaiserwcrth.

7 II.

Tortosa.
St.

1704-11. Spain.

1711.

Matheo.

103
'irbe

prince Elbert's (Somersetsbire 2Ligbt Snfm\t\:^)—io;amMd.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.—continued.
1727. Gibraltar.
1 1

1742-48. Flanders.
'*i743. Dettingen.

80 1. Mandora. 80 1. Alexandria.
810. Guadaloupe.

''1839.

Ghuznee.
Cabool.

"1842. Jellalabad.
"•1842.

"1809. Martinique.
1

1745. Fontenoy.
1745. Jacobite rising.

"1855. Sevastopol.
1858. Indian Mutiny.
""1878-79. South Africa.

1813-15. America.
1814. Plattsburg. '"1824-26. Ava.

1746. Roucoux.
1747. Val.

•"1885-87. Burma.

1793-95. San Domingo. *i8oi. Egypt.

1825-27. Burma.
''1839. Afghanistan.

iQoo. South Africa.

Uniform.

Scarlet

and Yellow

facings (1685-1842); Scarlet

and Blue facings (from

1842).

Regimental and other Badges.
(where
it

Mural Crown " superscribed " Jellalabad " captured three standards from the Afghans). Also "The Sphinx" for

—" A

"Egypt"

(1801).

Nicknames.^" I'he
Notes.

Bleeders,"

"The

Illustrious Garrison,"

"The

Jellalabad Heroes.""

— Chiefly raised

in Buckinghamshire.
side.

For

its

services at Culloden (1746)

it'

wears the sash knots on the right

Bibliography.
Infantry.

Historical Record of

The

T.2i^h,

xsf Somerset, or Prince Albert s

Light

1685-1848.

Illustrated.

[London: Parker.
1st

1848.]

Historical Record of The i^th,
Infantry.

Somersetshire, or Prince Alberts

Light

By Thomas

Carter.

Illustrated.

[London

:

Mitchell.

1867.]

I04

^be prince
1st

of Males's

®wn (Mest
COMPRISING

IPorfisbire IReoiment),

&

2nd BattS.

(formerly)

The

14th (Buckinghamshire—The Prince of Wales's

Own) Regim.ent
3rd Batt. 4th Batt.

of Foot

;

with Militia Batts.

The 2nd West York Militia The 4th West York Militia.

;

and

The Plume

of the

Trince of Wales.

The White Horsk and
MOITO.

The Royal

Tiger.

TITLES.
1685-88. Colonel
Sir

Edward

Hales's

1809-76. The

14th

(Buckinghamshire)

Regiment of Foot.
1

Regiment of Foot.
Regi-

688-1 7 5 1.

[Its

Colonel's name]

1876-81. The

ment of Foot.
1751-82. The 14th Regiment of Foot.

The
14th
(Bedfordshire)
1

Prince of Wales's

14th (Buckinghamshire Own) Regi-

ment of Foot.
88 1 (from). The Prince of Wales's (West Yorkshire Regiment).

1782-1809.

The

Own

Regiment of Foot.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1692-96. Flanders. 1693. Neer-Landen.
1695. Namur. 1727. Gibraltar.

1745. Flanders. 1746. Falkirk.

1793-95. Flanders.
1793. Famars. 1793. Valenciennes. 1793. Dunkirk.

1746. Culloden.

1766-71. America.

105

Zhc

iprince ot OTales's

©wn (Mest

19orf?sbire 1ReQmcnt)—continMd.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.— continued.
*I794. Tournay.
1795. Guildermalsen. 1796. St. Lucia.
*i 807-3 1. India.

1810. Mauritius.
1

'1826. Bhurtpore.
1855. Sevastopol.

81 1. Tarifa.

*i8ii. Java.

"1860-66.

New

Zealand.

1814. Genoa.
1815. Netherlands.
*i8i5. Waterloo.

'1879-80. Afghanistan.
1900. South Africa.

1808-9. Peninsula.
*i8o9. Corunna.
1809. flushing

1815. Cambray.

Uniform.

—Red

Scarlet with

and Yellow facings (in 1685) White facings (present time).

Scarlet with Buff facings (in 1742)

Regimental and other Badges.
Also
"

—"The

Prince of Wales's
''

Plume" (from

1876).

"The White

Horse," and Motto,
" (for service in

Nee aspera

terrent" (from 1765).

Also

The Royal Tiger

India 1807-31).
" Calvert's

Nicknames, &c.
i8og.

—"The Old
had

and Bold."

Entire" (from 1806 to 1826
title

its

Colonel was Sir Harry Calvert, at whose request the county

He

large estates

was changed in in mid-Buckinghamshire, now represented by the

Vemeys). Notes.
as

"

The Powos."
the trio knoTiTi in the 1793-95 Flanders

—This regiment was one of
"
first

The Fighting Brigade." "composed of boys, but fine
regiment was

Characterised
boys,"

by the

Earl

of

campaign Albemarle as

they suffered

heavily at Waterloo.

The

raised in Kent.

Bibliography. Historical Record of The \d,th, or the Buckinghamshire Regiment. 1685-1845. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1845.]
Historical Records of the \\th Regiment {now Prince of Wales's
Yorkshire).

Own

West

formation in 1685 to 1892. By Captain H. O'Donnell. With full-page coloured and other illustrations, and illustrations in the text.
its

Prom

[Devonport

:

Swiss.

1893.]

io6

^be
1st

lEast J^orhsbire IRcgiment,
COMPRISING

&

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

The 15th (Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment
of Foot
;

with Militia Batt.

3rd Batt.

The East York

Militia.

The White Rose and

Star.

TITLES.
1685-86. Colonel
Sir

William

Clifton's

1751-82.

The

15th Regiment of Foot.

Regiment.
1686-1751..
[Its

1782-1881. The isth (York, East Riding)
Colonel's

name]

Regi-

Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from). The East Yorkshire Regiment.

ment of Foot.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c
*

" Honours'' on the Colours.
''lyog.

1694-97. Flanders.

*i7o4. Blenheim.

Malplaquet.

Namur. 1702-12. Germany.
1695. 1703. Liege.
1704. Schellenberg.

*i7o6. Ramilies.
*i7o8. Oudenarde.
1708. Lisle.
1705. Tournay.

1709. Mons.
1 7

10.

Douai.

17 1 1. Bouchain.
17

41. Carthagena.

I07

XTbe

East

13or??sbire TRcQimait—cm/imed.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sac— continued.
1745. Jacobite rising.

1762. Havannah.

1794. Martinique. 1794. Guadaloupe. "1809. Martinique.

1758-60. Canada.
''1758.

1776-78. America.
1776. Brooiclyn. 1777. Brandy wine. 1777. Germantown. 1778.
St.

Louisburg.

*i759. Quebec.
1760. Sillery.
1762. Martinique.

*i8io. Guadaloupe.
1 81 5. Martinique. ""1879-80. Afghanistan.

Lucia.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

faced with Yellow (in 1685); Scarlet with White facings (present

time).

Regimental Badge.
Nicknames.
Notes.

"

The White Rose "
"

(of York).

"

The Snappers,"
is

The Poona Guards."
distinguished for

— This

regiment

specially

West India

service

—note

its

repeated capture of Martinique and Guadaloupe during the campaigns against
France.

Bibliography.

—Historical Record of the z^th {East Yorkshire) Regiment.
[London
:

1685-1848.

Illustrated.

Parker.

1848.]

io8

^be Bebforbsbirc
COMPRISING

IRegiment,

1st

& 2nd

BattS. (formerly)

The i6th

(the Bedfordshire)

Regiment of Foot; with

Militia Batts.

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The Bedford The Hertford

Militia.

Militia.

The United Red and White

Rose.

TITLES.
1688-1751.
Colonel James Douglas's Regiment of Foot (when raised) subsequently by the name of successive Colonels (in 1689 Colonel James

1809-81.

The

i6th (Bedfordshire) Regi-

ment of Foot (the county title was exchanged with the 14th at the
request of the Colonel of that regi-

Stanley).

ment).

1751-82. The 16th Regiment of Foot. 1 7 82-1 809. The 1 6th (Buckinghamshire)

$1

(from),

The

Bedfordshire

Regi-

Regiment of Foot.

ment.

log

Ube Be&forbsbtre

TReQimcnt—'^o^itmued.

PRINCIPAl. CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
" " Honours'' on the Colours.

&c.

1689-97. Flanders. 1689. Walcourt.
1692. Steenkirk.

'"'1704.

Blenheim.

1778. Baton Rouge.

*i7o6. Ramilies.

1779-81. America.
1 7

*i7o8. Oudenarde.
1708. Lisle.

81.

Pensacola.

1693. Neer Landen.
1695.

Namur.

1702-12. Germany.
1702. Liege.
1704. Schellenberg.

1709. Tournay. *i7o9. Malplaquet.
1 7 41. Carthagena. 1742. Cuba.

1793-94. San Domingo. 1795. Jamaica.
''1804.

Surinaam.

"1895. Chitral.
1900. South Africa.

Uniform.
1742)

— Scarlet with White facings
;

(in

1688)

;

Scarlet

and deep Yellow facings

(in

Scarlet

and White facings (present

time).

Regimental Badge.
Nicknames.

"

The United Red and White Rose."
the county
title

— "The Old Bucks" (before 1809, when
"The
Peacemakers."

was exchanged

with the 14th).

"The
in

Featherbeds."
It

Notes. One of twelve regiments raised remain (1900).
Bibliography.

1688.

and the 17th Foot alone

—Historical Record of
[London
:

the 16th,

o?-

Bedfordshire Regimetit.

1

688-1 848.

Illustrated.

Parker.

1848.]

Cbe
ist

Xeicestersbire IRcgiment,
COJIPRISING

&

2nd BattS.
The

(formerly)

The

17th (Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot; with
Militia Batt.

3rd Batt.

Leicestershire Militia.

[^INDOOSTAN.
The Royal
Tiger.

TITLES.
1688-89. Colonel

Solomon Regiment of Foot.
[Its

Richards'

1751-82.

The
.

17th Regiment of Foot. 17th
^

1782-1881. The
f-

(Leicestershire)

1680-171; I.

ment

of

r

-^

toot

Colonel's / ^

name] Rem1702
^

(m

Colonel
1

1

"

^

1

Regnnent of Foot, °
881 (from).

^

Holcroft Blood).

The

Leicestershire Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAT^IPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'Honours" on
the Colours.

&c.

1693-97. Flanders. 1693. Neer Landen.
1695.

1702. Huy.
1702. Lie'ge.

1757-60. Canada.
'1758. Louisbourg.
1762. Martinique.

Namur.

1704-9. Spain.
1707. Almanza.
17
1 5.

1702-4. Germany. r7o2. Venloo.

1762. Havannah.

Jacobite rising.

1775-81. America.

Zhc

Xeicestersbtre IRcQiment—'^onfinued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1776. Brooklyn.
1777. Brandywine. 1777. Germantomi.
1799. Crabbendam. 1799. Bergen. 1799. Egmont-op-Zee.
* 1 804-2 3. Hindoostan.

?>lc.— continued.

*i839. Khelat. *i855. Sevastopol.
^^1878-79. Afghanistan.

1778. Freehold.
1796. San Domingo. 1799. Haider.

*i878.

AH

Masjid.

*i839. Afghanistan.
^1839. Ghuznee.

1900. South Africa.

Uniform.

Scarlet

with

Greyish-white

facings

(1688-17 90);

Scarlet

and White

facings (from 1790).

Regimental Badge.
"Hindoostan"
Nicknames.
(from

—"The

Royal

Tiger

within

a

Wreath,''

superscribed

(for services in

India from 1804-23).

(i)

"The

Bengal Tigers"

(from

its

badge);

(2)

"The

Lily-whites"'

its

facings).

Notes.

— Mainly raised near London
The

:

twelve regiments in

all

were formed in 1688,

but this and

i6th (The Bedfordshire) are alone in commission now.
i^th,

Bibliography. Historical Record of The [London: Parker. 1848.] 1848.

or Leicester sJiire Regiment.

1688—

Zbc
1st Sr

IRo^al
The

3ri6b

IRegiment,
Irish)

COMPRISING

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

i8th (The Royal with Militia Batts.

Regiment of Foot;

3rd Batt. 4th Batt. 5th Batt.

The Wexford Militia. The North Tipperary Militia. The Kilkenny Militia.

The Harp and Crown.

The Lion

of Nassau.

The Dragon

of China.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
1684-86. Colonel the Earl of Granard's

1695-1751.
Ireland.

The

Royal

Regiment

of

Regiment of Foot.
1686-1695.
Colonel's

1751-1881. The 18th (The Royal
[Its

Irish)

name]

Regi-

Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from). The Royal Irish Regiment.

ment of Foot.

"3

Ube

IRogal

Jrisb

TRcQiment—coHfimied.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours.

1690.

114

^be princess

of Males's

®wn

(I^orf^sbire IRegiment),

COMPRISING
1st

& 2nd

Batts. (formerly) The 19th
Wales's

(ist Yorkshire,

North Riding
of Foot
;

—Princess

of

Own) Regiment

with Militia Batts.

3rd Batt.

The

sth

West York

Militia.

4th Batt.

The North York

Militia.

The White

Rose.

The

Princess of Wales's

Cypher with Crown and Coronet.

TITLES.
1688-91. Colonel Francis
Luttrell's

Regi-

1782-1875.

The

19th

(ist

Yorkshire,

ment of Foot.
1691-1751. [Its Colonel's name]
Regi-

North Riding) Regiment of Foot. 1875-81. The 19th (ist Yorkshire, North
Riding
1 88 1

ment of Foot
Earl's).

(in

1693

Colonel

—Princess
The

of

Wales's
of

Own)

Regiment of Foot.
(from).

Princess

Wales's

1751-S2. The 19th Regiment of Foot.

Own

(Yorkshire Regiment).

115

Ube princess

of TKHales's

®wn

(l^orhsbtre TRcQlmcntj—'^ontinued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on

the Colours.

t;

692-96. Flanders.

it6

ZTbe Xancasbire J'usiliers,
COMPRISING
1st

and 2nd
Foot
;

BattS. (formerly) The 20th (The East Devonshire) Regiment of two other batts. have been sanctioned also Militia Batts.
;

5th and 6th Batts.

The

7th Royal Lancashire Militia.
"

Omnia audax."

The Sphinx with Wreath and Crown.

ITTLES.
1688-89. Colonel
Sir

Robert

Peyton's

1751-82.

The

20th Regiment of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
1689-1751. [Its Colonel's name] Regiment of Foot (in 1689 Colonel Gustavus Hamilton, afterwards Viscount Boyne).

1782-1881. The 20th (East Devonshire)

Regiment of Foot.
1

88 1 (from).

The Lancashire

Fusihers.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours" on

the. Colours.

i6go. Boyne.

1709. Caya.

1745. Fontenoy. 1745. Culloden. 1758. Cherbourg.

1691. Athlone.

1727. Gibraltar.

69 1. Aughrim. 1707-12. Spain,
1

1742-45. Flanders. *i743. Dettingen,

1758-63.

Germany

117
XTFje

Xancasbire ifuslUers—f^«///«/ft/.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*i759. Minden.
1760. Warbourg. 1760.
17

^c.^continncd.

1799. Alkmaer. 1800. Quiberon.

1813.

St.

Sebastien.

*i8i4. Orthes.
"1814. Toulouse.

Campen.

*i8oi. Egypt.

61.

Denkem.

1762. Wilhelmstahl.

1776-81. America.
1777. Stillwater. 1799. Crabbendam.

Maida. * 1 808-1 4. Peninsula. *i8o8. Vimiera.
*i8o9. Corunna.
1809. Flushing.

'•'1806.

*i854. Alma.

*i854. Inkerman.
*i855. Sevastopol.

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. *i858. Lucknow.
'1898.

1799. Bergen. *i799. Egmont-op-Zee.

*i8i3. Vittoria.

Khartoum

*i8i3. Pyrenees.

1900. South Africa.

Unifor.m.

Scarlet

and Pale Yellow

(at

formation)

;

Scarlet

and White (present

time).

Regimental Badge.

"

The Sphinx

"

with a laurel wreath surmounted by a
'^

Crown

for " Egypt" (1801).

Also (time uncertain) the Motto,

Omnia audax"

Nicknames.

"The Two Tens" (XXth). "The Minden Boys" (at Minden, in 1759, the regiment sported roses, obtained from a garden close by, in their hats ; in memory of distinction then won, a custom still obtains of wearing " Minden
Roses" every ist of August). " Kingsley's Stand" Minden and its Colonel's name).
(also

from

its

conduct at

Notes. Raised William III.

in

Devonshire on the landing of William of Orange, afterwards

Bibliography. Historical Record of The 20th, or East Dtvoiishire [London Parker. 1848.] 1688-1848. Illustrated.
:

Regiment.

Orders, Memoirs,
Barlovi^,

&-'c.,

connected with

2nd

Batt. 20th

Regiment.

The 20th Regiment. [Minden Press. 1868.]

By

Lieut. F.

W.

B.

Smyth,

History of The 2zth Regiment. 1688-1888. By Lieutenant and Quartermaster [London Simpkin Marshall & Co. 1889.] ist Lancashire Fusiliers.
:

ii8

JL\K

IRopI Scots
COMPRISING

ifusiliers,

1st

&

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

The

21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers)

Regiment of Foot;

with Militia Batt.

3rd Batt.

The Royal Ayr and Wigtown

Militia.

The Thistle within Circle
St.

of

Royal Cypher and Crown.

Andrew.

TITLES.
1678-86. Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regi1 7 1

2-5 1

ment of Foot (afterwards
1686-1707.
of
[Its

Fusiliers).

The Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.
.

Colonel's name]
also

Regiment

1751-1877. The
Fusiliers

Fusiliers;

(popularly)

The

2 ist (Royal North British) Regiment of Foot.

Scots Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

1877-81.

The

2ist (Royal Scots Fusihers)

1707-12.

The

Scots Fusiliers

Regiment
1

Regiment of Foot.
881 (from).

of Foot.

The Royal

Scots Fusiliers.

119

Ibe

IRosal Scots jfusillers— ««//««^^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*" Honours "
1689on the Colours.

&c.

^be Cbesbire
ISt

IRegiment,
Cheshire) Regiment of Foot; with

COMPRISING

& 2nd

Batts. (formerly)
Tlie ISt

The 22nd (The

3rd Batt. 4th Batt.

Mihtia Batts. Royal Cheshire Mihtia.
Militia.

The 2nd Royal Cheshire

The United

Rose.

The Acorn and

Leaves.

TITLES.
1689. Colonel
the

Duke

of

Norfolk's

1751-82.

The 22nd Regiment
22nd
(The

of Foot.

Regiment of Foot. 1689-175 1. [Its Colonel's name] ment of Foot.

1782-1881. The
Regi1

Cheshire)

Regiment of Foot.
88 1 (from).

The Cheshire Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLP:S,
*

&c.

" Honours" on the Colours.

1690. Boyne.
1691. Athlone. 1691. Limerick.
1

1762. Martinique.
1762. Havannah.

1804. Deig. 1805. Bhurtpore. 1810. Mauritius.
"'1843.

69 1. Aughrim.

1775-79. America. 1775. Bunker's Hill.
1776. Brooklyn. 1794. Guadaloupe. 1794.
St.

Meanee.

1727. Gibraltar.

*i843. Hyderabad.
"1843. Scinde.
1887. Burma. 1900. South Africa.

1757-60. Canada,
^1758. Louisberg.

Lucia.

1759. Quebec.
17

61.

Dominica.

Domingo. 1800. Cape of Good Hope
1794. San

XCbe Cbesbire tRcQiment—con/hwe^.

Unifor.m.

Scarlet with Buff facings

(in

1689); Scarlet and White facings (present

time).

Regimental and other Badges.
though given in

"

Army

List, is

not worn).

The United Red and White Rose " (this, Also " An Acorn and Oak Leaves.''

Nicknames.

"

The Two Twos"

(22nd).

"The Red Knights"

(in

1795

it

was served

with red jackets, waistcoats, and breeches, instead of the proper uniform).

Notes.

First

raised

at

Chester.

At Hyderabad

(1743)

it

captured

seventeen

standards.

Bibliography.
1849.

—Historical Record of The 22nd, or Cheshire
[London
:

Regiment of Foot.

1689-

Illustrated.

Parker.

1849.]

^be
1st

IRo^al

Melsb

ifusiliers,

COMPRISING

&

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

The

23rd (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot; with Militia Batts.

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The Royal Denbigh and Flint Militia. The Royal Carnarvon and Merioneth

Militia.

The Plume of THE Prince of Wales.

The

Rising Sun.

The Red Dragon.

The White Horse.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
1688-89. Colonel

Lord Herbert's Regi-

1714-37.

The

Prince

of

Wales's

Own

ment of Foot.
i689-r7i4.
[Its

Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 1727-51. The Royal Welsh

Fusiliers.

Colonel's

name]

Regi-

1751-1881. The 23rd (Royal Welsh FusiHers)

ment of Foot.
1881 (from).

Regiment of Foot.
Fusiliers.

The Royal Welsh

123

tlbe IRogal

Melsb fnsillcvs— continued.

124

^be Soutb Males Borberers,
COMPRISING
1st

&

2nd Batts.

(formerly)

The 24th (The 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment
Militia Batts.

;

\\'ith

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The Royal South Wales Borderers The Royal Montgomery
Militia.

Militia.

The The Welsh Dkagon and Laurel Wreaiii.

Sphinx.

TITLES.
i68g-i75r. Col.
its
,

Sir

Edward
,

Bering's [or
1

1751-82.

The 24th Regiment
.

of Foot.

name] Regiment of „ ivr Foot (amongst these were Marl° ^ borough m 1702 until transierred to
Colonel's
;
.

1782-18
t,

_

_

The
^

„,

24th (2nd Warwickshire)
c
t^

,1

/

-,

,-,7

,

,

v

.,

,

Regiment of Foot,
1

the Guards).

88 1 (from).

The South Wales

Borderers.

1-5

Ube Soutb Males

ssov^a'cvs—coNfim^ed.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*
*'

&c.

Honours" on

the Colour-.

1690-

126

^be
1st

Iking'B

®wn
The

Scottisb Borberera,

COMPRISING

&

2nd BattS.
The

(formerly)

25th (The King's

Own

Borderers) Regiment of

Foot

;

with MiUtia Batt.

3rd Batt.

Scottish Borderers Mihtia.

In veritate Feligionu

confido.'''

''

Nisi Dojuinus frtistra,'

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
1689-1751. The Edinburgh Regiment of Foot also Leven's Foot.
;

1805-87.

The

25th

(The King's

Own

Borderers) Regiment of Foot.

1751-82.

The

2 5 th

(Edinburgh) Regiment

of Foot.

^^^7

(from).

The King's Own

Scottish

1782-1805. The 25th (Sussex) Regiment
of Foot.

Borderers,

127

Ube

'Iking'S

®Wn

SCOttiSb IBOVbCVCVS—'Continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*" Honours"
1689.
on the Colours.

&c.

128

^be Cameroniane

(Scottisb IRifles),

COMPRISING
1st Batt. (formerly)

The The

26th (The Cameronians) Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.

(formerl))

90th (Perthshire Volunteers

— Light Infantry)

Regiment

with Militia Batts.

3rd

& 4th

Batts.

The 2nd Royal Lanark

Militia.

The

Spiiixx.

The Dragon

of China.

TITLES.
1688.

The

1st Batt. Cameronian Guard.
Colonels')

1759-63.
of

2nd Batt. The 90th (Irish Light
:

Infantry)

1689-1751. The Earl of Angus's (or successive

Regiment

disbanded.

Regiment

Foot

;

also for a considerable part of

this period, "

The Cameronians."

1775-83. The 90th disbanded.

Regiment of Foot:

1751-86. The 26th Regiment of Foot. 1786-1881. The 26th (The Cameronians)

1794-18

teers

Regiment of Foot.
i88r (from).

— The 90th (Perthshire Volun— Light Infantry) Regiment.
.

The Cameronians

(Scottish Rifles).

129

Ube Camerontans

(Scotttsb iRifles;— w^/w?^^/.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours,'' the

fiijures

showin' the Battalion concdrned.

1689.

1808-9. Peninsula. "1809. Corunna (i).
1809. Flushing. "1809. Martinique (2). "1810. Guadaloupe (2).

1811-12. Peninsula.

"1840-42. China

(i).

"1846-47. SouthAfrica(2).
""1855. Sevastopol (2).

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. "1857. Lucknow (2).
'•'1868.

Abyssinia

(i).

''1877-79. SouthAfrica(2).
1900. South Africa.

Uniform.
Rifle

ist Batt., Scarlet

and White

facings (in

1689); Scarlet and Pale Yellow

facings (in 1713);

2nd

Batt., Scarlet

and Buff

(in 1794).

Now Dark

Green and

Green

for

both Batts.

COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 27 th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot. The io8th (Madras Infantry) Regiment
Militia Batts.

of Foot;

with

4th Batt.

5th Batt.

The Fermanagh Militia. The Tyrone Militia. The Donegal Militia.

The White Horse.

The

Si'HiNX.

TITLES.
I St

Batt.
successive

1689-1751.
i75i-i88r.
i88r (from).

Colonel Zachariah
of Foot.

Tiffin's (or

Colonels'

names)

Regiment

The 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment The Royal InniskiUing Fusiliers.

of Foot.

2nd Batt.
1760-63.

The io8th Regiment of Foot: disbanded. dispersed between 64th and 85th Foot. 1794-96. The io8th Regiment of Foot 1854-58. The Hon. East India Company's 3rd (Madras Infantry) Regiment. 1858-61. The 3rd (Madras) Regiment. 861 -81. The io8th (Madras Infantry) Regiment. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. 1 88 1 (from).
:

]

131

Xlbe 1Ro)?al JntiisftilUug

^milicvs— 'Continued.

*i8i2. Badajos

(i). (i).

"1812. Salamanca

•"1813. Vittoria (i).

1813.
'•'1813.

St.

Sebastian.

1813. Bidassoa.

Pyrenees
Orthes

(i).

"1813. Nivelle
•-181 4.

(i). (i). (i).

''1814.
1

Toulouse
Waterloo

814. Plattsburg.
(i).

'"'1815.
1

81 5. Netherlands. "1834-35. South Africa

( I ).

"1846-47. South Africa

(i).

"'1857-58. Central India (2).

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 1900. South Africa.

Uniform.

ist Batt.,

Scarlet

Yellow facings
Colours"

(in 1854).

and Buff facings (in 1689). 2nd Both wear Scarlet and Blue facings

Batt.,

Scarlet

and

Regimental and other Badges.
(in

at the present time.
St.

"

The

Castle of Inniskilling with

George's

Also " The
(1801).

recognition of the defence of the Castle of Inniskilling in 1691). White Horse " (of Hanover), with the Motto, " Nee aspera terrent " (for

services during the Jacobite rising of 17 15).

Also " The Sphinx

" for "

Egypt

Notes.

using the old Irish war-pipes.

from three Companies of the Inniskilling forces. It is unique in While employed on the Isthmus of Darien all but nine of six hundred men succumbed. For distinguished gallantry at St. Lucia, in 1696, it was directed that the French garrison in marching out should lay down
officers

— Formed

their

arms to the 27th, other marks of favour being likewise accorded and men of the regiment.

to the

Nickname.'

"

Bibliography.

—Historical Record of The
From
its

The Lumps."

2'jth Inniskillings.

A

History of The

2'jth Regime7it,iio'iv

The

ist Battalion of the

Fusiliers.

formation in 1689 to 1893.
with

Lloyd Davidson.
illustrations.

Illustrated

coloured

Royal Inniskilling Compiled by Lieut.-Col. C. J. plates of costumes and other

K

3

132

^be
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

(Blouceeterebire IRegimcnt,
COMPRISING
28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot.
6ist (South Gloucestershire)
Militia Batts.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

)

The The

Regiment of Foot; with

The Royal South Gloucester The Royal North Gloucester

Militia

;

and

Militia.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

,2nd Batt.
1742-48. The 6ist Regiment of Foot disbanded.
r

1694-1751. Colonel
(or

Sir

successive

John Gibson's Colonels' names)

Regiment of Foot.
1751-82. The 28th Regiment of Foot.

1755-59. The 6ist Regiment of Foot: re-numbered as The 59th Foot (the present 2nd East Lancashire Regiment).

1782-1881. The 28th (North Gloucestershire)

1758-82.
shire)

The

61st

Regiment of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.

1782-1881. The 61st (South Gloucester-

Regiment of Foot.

1881 (from).
ment.

The

Gloucestershire

Regi-

1881 (from). ment.

The

Gloucestershire Regi'

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'Honours" on

&c.

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1702-6. Flanders.
1702. Huy.

1742-47. Flanders. 1745. Fontenoy.
1747. Hulst.

"1759- Quebec (i). 1759. Martinique.
1760. Salery. 1 7 61. Belle Isle. 1762. Martinique, 1762. Havannah.

1705. Near Hespen. 1706. Ramilies (1).

1706-12. Spain.
1707. Almanza.

1757-60. Canada. "1758. Louisberg (1),
1758.

Cape Breton.

133

Uhc

(Bloucestersbire TRcQimcnt—co^ttinued.

134

^be Morcestersbire
COMPRISING
ISt Batt. (formerly)

IRegiment,

The

29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.
5th Batt.

The 36th (Herefordshire) ) „ 4th Batts. are authorised ; with Militia Batts.
(

Regiment of Foot

the 3rd

and

6th Batt.

The ist Worcestershire Militia. The 2nd Worcestershire Mihtia.

The United Red and White

Rose.

Firm.

TITLES,
1st Batt.

1694-1751. Colonel Thomas Farington's (or successive Colonels' names) Regi-

1701

-51.

2nd Batt. Colonel Viscount Charlemont's
names) Regiof Foot.

(or successive Colonels'

ment of Foot.

ment
1751-82.

The 29th Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 29th (Worcestershire)
1751-82.

The 36th Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 36th (Herefordshire)
Regiment of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from).

The

Worcestershire Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours" on the Colours, the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.
rising.

1704-8. Spain. 1704-6. Germany.
1705. Neer Hespen. "1706. Ramilies (i)

1715. Jacobite 1727. Gibraltar. 1744-48. Flanders.

1761. Belle

Isle.

1776-81. America.
1776. Quebec. *i783-98. Hindoostan
1

1706. Barcelona. 1707. Almanza.

1745. Jacobite rising. 1746. Culloden.

(2),

7 91.

Bangalore.

1747. Val.
1758. Cherbourg.

171

1.

Quebec.

1791. Nundy-Droog. 17c ;ermgapatam.

135

XTbe Morcestersbire TRcgimcnt—co/ifbwaL

136

^be
1st Batt. (formerly)

JBast

Xancasbire IRegtment,
COMPRISING

The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment
Mihtia Batt.

of Foot.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

The 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment

of Foot:

with

The

5th Lancashire

]Militia.

The Sphinx.

The Red Rose

of Lakc.vster.

TITLES
ist Batt.

1702-14.

Colonel

Thomas

Sanderson's

i74r-48.

(or its Colonel's

name) Regiment of
AVillis's

2nd Batt. The 59th Regiment of Foot: renmnbered The 48th Foot.
The 59th Regiment of renumbered The 56th Foot.
Foot
:

Marines.

1755(or its

1714-51. Colonel Charles
1751-82.

Colonel's name) Regiment of Foot.

The 30th Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 30th (Cambridgeshire)
Regiment of Foot.
1

1755-57.

The 6ist Regiment of Foot: renumbered The 59th Foot.

1757-82. The 59th Regiment of Foot.
Regi-

88 1 (from).

The East Lancashire
1

1782-1881. Tlie 59th (2nd Nottingham(shire

ment.
88 1 (from).

Regiment of Foot.

The East Lancashire Regiment.

137

Zhc

lEast

Xancasbire HUcQxmznt— continued.

138

^be East Surrey
COMPRISING
ISt Batt. (formerly).

IRcgiment,
Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The The

31st (The Huntingdonshire)

70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot; with Militia Batts.

The ist Royal Surrey Militia. The 3rd Royal Surrey Militia.

The United

Rose.

The Star and Arms

of Guildford,

TITLES
ISt Batt.

2nd Batt.
(or

1702-14. Col.
cessive

George
Colonels')

Villiers'

suc-

1756-58. The

31st

Regiment of

Foot

Regiment

of

(2nd

Batt.).

Marines.

1758-82. The 70th Regiment of Foot.
Colonels')

1714-51. Colonel Sir Harry Goring's (or
successive

Regiment

of

1782-1813. The 70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot.
1813-25. The
70th

Foot.

(Glasgow Lowland)

The 31st Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 3TSt (Huntingdonshire)
1751-82.

Regiment of Foot.
1825-81. The 70th (Surrey) Regiment of
Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from).

The East

Surrey Regiment.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c,

" Honours" on the Colours, the

figures

showing ihe Battalion coDcerned.

1702. Cadiz. 1702. Vigo Bay.

1706. Carthagena. 1706. Ivica. 1706. Majorca. 1706. Sardinia. 1707. Toulon.

1708. Cagliari.
1708. Minorca.

1704-6. Spain. 1704-5. Gibraltar 1705. Barcelona.

1742-45. Flanders.
"1743. Dettingen
1745. Fontenoy.
(i).

139

Ube East Surrey TRcQimcnt— continued.

140

2?uFie

of CornwaU's Xigbt Snfantr^,
COMPRISING

1st Batt.

(formerly)
(
,,

2nd

Batt.

)

The 32nd (Cornwall Light Infantry) Regiment. The 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
Mihtia Batt.
Militia.

;

with

3rd Batt.

The Royal Cornwall Ram;ers

The United Red and White Rose.

The Collar Badge.

Orn.vment on Helmet
Plate.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
Fox's
(or
1

1702-14. Colonel

Edward

741 -5

1.

Colonel James Price (or succes-

Jacob Borr's) Regiment of Marines. 1714-51- Colonel Jacob Borr's (or successive Colonels')

sive Colonels')

Regiment of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
1751-82.

1751-82. The 32nd Regiment of Foot. 1782-1858. The 32nd (Cornwall) Regi-

The 46th Regiment

of Foot.

1858-81.

ment of Foot. The 32nd
Infantry).

1782-1881. The 46th (South Devonshire)

(Cornwall— Light
Regiment of Foot.

1881 (from).

Duke

of Cornwall's Light Infantry.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours, Ihe figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1702. Cadiz. 1702. Vigo. 1704-5. Gibraltar. 1704-6. Spain. 1705. Barcelona.

'"'i743.

1742-47. Flanders. Dettingen (i). 1745. Fontenoy.
1747. Val.

1758. i7591761. 1762.

Ticonderoga.
Niagara. Martinique.

Havannah.

1757-60. Canada.

1776-78. America.

141

Dufte of Cornwall's Xtgbt Sntantt^—confimied.

CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
1776. Brooklyn. 1777. Brandywine. 1778. St. Lucia. 1792. Gibraltar. 1794. Martinique. 1795-96. St. Vincent.
''iSos.

Dominica

(2). (i).

*i8o8-i4. Peninsula '1808. Roleia (i).
'1808. Vimiera (i).

*i8o9.

Corunna

(i).

1809. Martinique. 1809. Flushing.

142

^be

2)uF?c of

Mellington's (Meet IRiMna IReoiment),
COMPRISING

ISt Batt.

(formerly)
(

The 33rd (Duke

of ^\'enington's) Regiment of Foot.
of Foot; with Militia Batt.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 76th Regiment
Militia.

The

6th

West York

The Crest and Motto of The Duke of Wellington.

The ELErHANT with Howdah.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
1756-63.

1702-51. Colonel

The

Earl of Hunting-

The 76th Regiment

of Foot:

don's (or successive Colonels') Regi-

disbanded.

ment of Foot.
1751-82.

1777-84of Foot.

The

76th (Macdonald's

High:

The 33rd Regiment
33rd
(ist

landers)

Regiment

of

Foot

dis-

1782-1853. The

York, West
17

banded.

Riding) Regiment of Foot.

87-1 81 2. The 76th (Hindoostan) Regi-

1853-81.
ton's)

The 33rd (Duke
Regiment.
1881 (from).

of

Welling-

ment of Foot.
181 2-81.

The 76th Regiment

of Foot.

The Duke

of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment).

143

Ube Duhe

of Melltngton's

(Meet

IRt&ing IRegtment)— ^<'«/w«^"'.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours" on the Colours,

the figures

showing the Battalion concerned.
1

1702- -4. Germany.
1704- -10. Spain. 1705- Valentia
tara.

1778. Freehold. 1780.

810. Mauritius.
(2).

Camden.

'1813. Nive
1

d'Alcan-

1

781. Guildford.

81 3-14. Peninsula.

'•'1780-1806. Hindoostan(2).
17

1813. Pyrenees. 1813. Bidassoa. 1813. Nive.
1 1 1 1

1707. Almanza.
1742- -47. Flanders.

91. Bangalore.

r79i. Savendroog.
1792. Seringapatam.

*i743. Dettingen
1745'

(i).

81 4. Bayonne.
8 14-15.

Fontenoy.

1745- Jacobite rising.
1746,

1794-95. Flanders. 1795. Guildermalsen.
1799. Malvelly.

Netherlands.

814. Antwerp.

Roucoux.
Val.

81 4. Bergen-op-Zoom.
8 14.

1746, Tongres.
1747'

*i799. Seringapatam

(i).

1

Canada.

1758

Cherbourg.

*i8oo-i. Mysore (2). "'1803. Allyghur (2).
"1803. Delhi
1803. Agra.
"'1803.
(2).

1

8 14. Plattsburg.

1760- -63. Gerinany.

1 81 5. Quatre Bras. "1815. "Waterloo (i).

1760
1761,

Corbach.

"'1854.
(2).

Ahna

(i).

Kerk Denkern.
Belle-Isle.

Leswarree

'"'1854.

Inkerman
Sevastopol

(r).
(i).

1761
1762,

"•1804.

Deig

(2).

"'1855.

Martinique.

1805. Bhurtpore.

1776 -81. America. 1776
1777
Brooklyn.

1808-9. Peninsula
1809. Corunna. i8oq. Flushing.

(2).

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. '1868. Abyssinia (i).
1868. Magdala. 1900. South Africa.

Brandywine.

1777

Germantown,

Uniform.

Scarlet (or

Red) with

Scarlet facings for both regiments
Scarlet, faced with "White.

till

the introduction

of the territorial system.

Now

Regimental and other Badges.

and Motto of the Duke of commanded by "The Hero of Waterloo," and is the only corps in the British Army named after a subject) also In 1808 The East India (2) "The Elephant" to the 76th for valour in India. Company presented it with honorary colours in conjunction with the 8th
(i)

"The

Crest

Wellington" (the 33rd was the

first

regiment

;

:

Hussars

it

captured 44 standards and 72 guns at Leswarree (1803).

Nicknames, &c.

Havercake Lads " (the recruiting sergeants, circa 1782, on their sword-points when beating up). 2nd Batt., " The Immortals " (from most of its men having been wounded in Lake's Campaigns). "The Pigs" (from its "Elephant" badge). "The Old Seven and Sixpennies " (from its number, and the amount of a lieutenant's pay).
carried oaten cakes

ist Batt., "

144

^be Berber
1st Batt. (formerly)

IRegimcnt,

COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt. 4th Batt.

(

)

The 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot. The 55th (Westmoreland) Regiment of Foot

;

with Militia Batts.

The Royal Cumberland Militia. The Royal Westmoreland Militin.

The Laurel Wreath.

The Dragon

of China.

TITLES.
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
1742-48.

The S5th Regiment
the ist Essex.

of Foot:

1702-51. Colonel Lord Lucas's (or successive Colonels')

now
1756-58.

Regiment of Foot.

1751-82.

The

34th Regiment of Foot.

The 55th Regiment of Foot now The ist Shropshire Light Lifantiy. 1755-57. The S7th Regiment of Foot:
renumbered
in

:

1782-1881. The 34th (Cumberland) Regi-

ment of Foot.
1881 (from).

1757-82. The S5th Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 55th " (Westmoreland)

Regiment of Foot.

The Border Regiment.
&c.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
" Honours
'

on the Colours, the

figures

showing ihe Battalion concerned.

1705-7. Spain. 1705. Barcelona.
1706. Montjuich.

1727. Gibraltar.

1757-60. Canada.
1758. Ticonderoga. 1759. Niagara. 1758. Louisberg.
1758. Cherbourg.

1744. Flanders.
1745. Fontenoy. 1745. Jacobite rising.
17 17

1709-12. Germany.
1710. Douay.
17
1 1.

4-. Falkirk.
4-.

Bouchain.

CuUoden.

1762. Havannah.

17 18. Vigo.

1757. Minorca.

1775-78. America.

145

XCbe aSor5er 1RcQima\t—confir.Md.

146

tTbe

IRo^al

Susscy IRegiment,
COMPRISING

1st Batt.

(formerly)
(

The

35th Royal Sussex Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 107th

(Bengal Infantry) Regiment

;

with Militia Batt.

The Royal Sussex

Militia.

The United Red and White

Rose.

The Collar Badge.

TITLES,
ist Batt.
T701-51. Colonel
(or

2nd Batt.
1854-58.

The

Earl of Donegal's

The Hon. East

India

Com-

successive
:

Colonels')

Regiment
"

pany's 3rd (Bengal European Light
Infantry) Regiment,

of Foot
fast

also popularly

The

Bel-

Regiment."
1858-61. The 3rd (Bengal Light Infantry)

1751-82. The 35th Regiment of Foot.

1782-1805. The 35th (Dorsetshire) Regi-

Regiment,
1861-1881. The 107th Bengal Regiment.
Infantiy

ment of Foot.
1805-32. The 35th (Sussex) Regiment of
Foot.

1832-1881.

The

35th

(Royal

Sussex)

Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from).

The Royal Sussex Regiment.

147

Ube

IRosal

Sussej 1RcQmcnt—(onfinmd.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1702. Cadiz.

^be Ibampsblre

IRegiment,

COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

The The

37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot. 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot; with MiKtia.

2nd Batt.

„,

)

3rd Batt. The Hampshire MiKtia.

The Hampshire

Rose.

The Tiger and Wreath.
(As on Helmet-plate.)

(As on Collar.)

TITLES.
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
Meredith's (or

1702-51. Colonel
successive

Thomas

1758-S2. The
-p
j.

67th

Regiment

of

Colonels')

Regiment

of

Foot.

1751-82. The 37th Regiment of Foot.

1782-1881. The 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment.
1

1782-1881. The 67th (South Hampshire)

Regiment of Foot.

881 (from).

The Hampshire Regiment.

149

U\)c Ibampsbire "^tQimtwt— continued.

(Tbe

Soutb Stafforbsbire IRegiment,
COMPRISING

1st Batt.

(formerly)
(

The 38th
The 80th

(ist Staffordshire)

Reghnent of Foot.

2nd Batt.
3rd

)

(Staffordshire Volunteers)

Regiment of Foot

;

with

Militia Batts.

&

4th Batts.

The

ist (King's

Own)

Staff'ord Militia.

The Staffordshire Knot. The
Sphinx.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
1758-64.

1702-51. Colonel Luke Lillingstone's (or
successive
Colonels')

The 80th
:

(Light-armed)
disbanded.

Regl

Regiment of

ment of Foot

Foot.

1751-82. The 38th Regiment of Foot.

1778-84. The 80th (Royal Edinburgh Volunteers) Regiment of Foot dis:

banded.

1782-1881. The 38th

(ist

Staffordshire)

1793-1881.

The

80th

(Staffordshire

Regiment of Foot.
1

Volunteers) Regiment of Foot.

88 1 (from).

The South

Staffordshire Regiment.

trbe

Soutb Stafforbsbire

TRcQimcnt—Mififmct/.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
" Honours " on the Colours, the
figures

&c.

showing the Battalion concerned.

1759-

ITbe Dorset0b(re IRcgiment,
COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

The 39th

(Dorsetshire)

Regiment of Foot.
of Foot; with Militia.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The S4th (West Norfolk) Regiment
Militia.

The Dorset

" Primus in Indis."

The Marabout Sphinx.
The
Castle, Key, and Motto.

TITLES.
I St Batt. 1702-51. Colonel Richard

2nd Batt.
Coote's
(or

1755-57.

The 56th Regiment

of Foot;

successive

Colonels')

Regiment

of

renumbered
1757-82.

Foot. 1751-82. The 39th Regiment of Foot. 1782-1807. The 39th (East Middlesex)

The 54th Regiment
54th

of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
1807-81.

1782-1881. The
Regi-

(West

Norfolk)

The 39th

(Dorsetshire)

Regiment of Foot.

ment of Foot.
1

88 1 (from).

The

Dorsetshire Regiment.

153

Zbc Dorsetsbire

TRcQiment—'ronfhmid.

r54

^be prince

of Malee's Doluntecrs (Soutb Xancasbire
IRcQimcnt),
COMPRISING

1st Batt.

(formerly)
(
,,

2nd

Batt.

)

The 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot. The 82nd (Prince of Wales's Vokinteers) Regiment
with Militia Battalion.
JNIilitia.

of Foot;

3rd Batt.

The

4th Royal Lancashire

The Prince

of Wales's Plumk.

The Sphinx.

I'lTLES.
ist Batt.
17 17-51. Colonel Richard Philip's Regi-

2nd Batt.
1793-1881. The 82nd (Prince of Wales's
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot.

ment of Foot
1751-82. The 40th Regiment of Foot.

1782-1881. The 40th (2nd Somersetshire)

Regiment of Foot.
1

881 (from).

The

Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
Honours" on
""1758.

&c.

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1757-60. Canada. Louisbourg

1776. Brooklyn.
(i).

1776.

Long

Island.

1795. St. Vincent. 1796. Grenada. 1798. San

1759. Quebec. 1760. Montreal.
1 7

1777. Brandywine. 1777. Germantown. 1778. St. Lucia.

Domingo.

1798. Leghorn. 1798. Malta.

61.

Guadaloupe.

1762. Martinique. 1762. Havannah.

1794-95. Flanders.
1794. Martinique. 1794. Guadalou]je.

1799. Bergen.
1799. Egmont-op-Zee.
"1 80 1. Egypt.

1776-78. America.

Ubc

Ipuince

of TKIlales's

Volunteers

(Soutb

OLartcasfDlre

156

^be Melsb
1st Batt. (formerly)

IReginient,
Regiment of Foot. Regiment of

COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

The The

41st (The Welsh)

69th

(South

Lincolnshire)

Foot

;

with

Militia Battalion.

The Royal Glamorgan

Militia.

The Royal Cypher with the
Imperial Crown.

Centre Ornament on
Helmet-Plate.

The Dragon of Wales.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
of

1719-87. Independent
Invalids (at
first)
;

Companies
subsequently

1756-58.

The
;

24th (2nd Batt.) Regiment

The

of Foot

renumbered.
of Foot.

41st (Royal Invalids) Regiment.

1787-1822. The 4rst Regiment of Foot.
1822-81.

1758-82.

The 69th Regiment

The

41st

(The Welsh)

Regi-

1782-1881. The 69th (South Lincolnshire)

ment of Foot.
?i (from).

Regiment of Foot.

The Welsh Regiment.

157

Ube Melsb

1RcQimcnt—co?i^mued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honours" on

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

I76I.

158

^be Black Matcb
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

(IRo^al

Ibiablanbers),

COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 42nd (Royal Highland—The Black Watch). The 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot; with Militia
Militia.

Battalion.

The Royal Perth

The Royal Cypher
WITHIN THE Garter.

The Collar-Badge.

The Waist

belt.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
ist Batt. 1725-39. The Black Watch {see Notes) f.1739-51. The Highland Regiment. ir.1751-58. The 42nd Highland Regiment. 1758-1861. The 42nd Royal Highland Regiment of Foot. 1861-1881. The 42nd Royal Highland (The Black ^Vatch) Regiment of Foot.
5

2nd Batt.
1758-86.

The 2nd The

Batt.

42nd

Royal
of

Highlanders.

1786-1862.
Foot.

73rd

Regiment

1862-81.
ment.

The

73rd (Perthshire)

Regi-

1

(from).

The Black Watch (Royal

Highlanders).

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours

"

on the Colours, the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1743-47. Flanders. 1745. Fontenoy.
1745. Jacobite rising.

1758. Ticonderoga. i759- Guadaloupe. 1762. Martinique.

1762-67. Indian Frontier
Service.

1763.

Bushy Run.

1757-60. Canada.

1762. Havannah.

1775-81. America,

159
1776.

t6o

^be ©yforbsbirc %{Qbt
COMPRISING
1st Batt. (formerly)

3nfantr^,

The 43rd (Monmouthshire Light The 52nd
BattaUons.

Infantry) Regiment.
;

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

(

,,

)

(Oxfordshire Light Infantry) Regiment

with Mihtja

The Royal Bucks
The Oxford

Militia.

Militia.

The United Red and White

Rose.

The Button.

TITLES.
1st Batt. 41-5 1. Colonel Thomas Fowkes'
successive
Colonels')

2nd Batt.
(or

17

1755-57- The 54th Regiment of Foot.
1757-82. The 52nd Regiment of Foot.
17

Regiment

of

Foot.

The 43rd Regiment of Foot. 1782-1803. The 43rd (Monmouthshire)
1751-82.

82-1 803.

The 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
1803-81. The
1803-81. The 5 2nd (Oxfordshire Light (Monmouthshire 43rd Infantry) Regiment. Light Infantry) Regiment. (from). 1 88 1 The Oxfordshire Light Infantry.

i6i

Ube ®jfor5sbtre Xigbt

^}\imtt'Q—co?iiinued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honours

" on the Colours, the figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

I7S9-

l62

^be

i£0sey IRegiment,
COMPRISING

1st Batt.

(formerly)
(
,,

The 44th The 56th
Rifles.

(East Essex) Regiment of Foot.
(^^'est

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

)

Essex)

Regiment of

Foot;

with

Militia

Battalions.

The Essex

The West Essex

Militia.

The Castle and Kly.

The County Arms.

The Sphinx.

TITLES,
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
1741-48.

1740-48.

The

44th (or Wolfe's Marines)
:

Regiment of Foot
cessive Colonels')

disbanded.

The 56th (Sherwood Foresters) Regiment of Foot renumbered as:

1741-51. Colonel James Long's (or sue-

The
1755-57.

45th.

Regiment of Foot.

The

58th Regiment of Foot.

1751-82.
1

The 44th Regiment of Foot. 782-1881. The 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from).

1757-82. The 56th Regiment of Foot.

1782-1881. The 56th (West Essex) Regi-

ment of Foot.

The Essex Regiment.

i6;

^be Essej

IRcQimcnt—con^i^uci/.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BA I'TLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1741. Carthagena. 1745- Jacobite rising. 1746. CuUoden. 1755- •60. Canada. 1758. Ticonderoga. 1758. Louisbourg. 1760. Niagara.
''1762.

17 94- Guadaloupe. 1794-95. Flanders.

1796.

St.

Lucia.

1796-98. San Domin;:;o, 1799. Bergen. 1799. Egmont-op-Zee.
'""1801.

Egypt

(i).

"1814. Bladensburg (i) i8r4. Baltimore. 1 81 4-1 5. Netherlands. 1814. Bergen-op-Zoom. 1815. New Orleans. 181 5. Quatre Bras. "1815. Waterloo (i).
"''1824-26.

Moro

(2).

1762. Havannah.

1801. Mandora. 1801. Alexandria. 1809. Ionian Islands. 1809. Bourbon. 18 10. Mauritius. ''1810-T3. Peninsula (1). 18 10. Matagorda. 1811. Sabugal.
""1812. '"1812.

Ava

(i).

i84r-42. Cabool.
"•'r854.

1763. Montreal. 1775- 80. America. 1776. Brooklyn. 1776. Long Island. 1777- Brandywine. 1777. Germantown. 1778. Freehold. 1779- 83. Gibraltar (2) 1794- Martinique. 1794- St. Lucia.

Alma

(i).

Badajos (i). Salamanca (1).

"1854. Inkerman (i). "'1855. Sevastopol (i & 2). 1857-58. Indian Mutiny. i860. China. '"i860. Taku Forts (i). •'"1884-85. Nile (2).
1900. South Africa.

1812. Burgos. 1 814. Antwerp.

Uniform.

1st Batt., Scarlet with Yellow facings (from 1741 till territorialised, when White facings were substituted). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with Crimson facings (from 1741-64) Scarlet with Purple facings (from 1764 to 1881 see Nicknames).
;

Regimental and other Badges.

Castle and Key" and Motto, ''Montis Jnsig?iia Calpe" (for defence of Gibraltar by the 56th). Also "The Sphinx" for "Egypt" (1801 by the 44th). Also, though not in Army List, "The

— "The

:

County Arms."

Nicknames, &c.—" The Two Fours"
(the regiment
stature).

(of the 44th).

"The

Little

Fighting Fours"

saw hard service

"

The Pompadours

in the Peninsula, and its men were of small average " and " Saucy Pompeys." (Tradition relates that

when

the facings were changed in 1764 (the criinson not wearing well) the Colonel desired Blue, but, the authorities objecting, he chose Purple, a favourite colour of Madame de Pompadour, a mistress of Louis XV. of France.)

Notes.

—The 44th captured an Eagle of The 62nd French Infantry
—Historical
Record of The
^^t/i,
:

at

Salamanca.

Bibliography.

or East Essex Regiment of Foot.

[London: Mitchell. 1864. Historical Record of The i,i,th, or East Essex Regiment. 2nd Edition. Illustrated. [Chatham Gale and Polden. 1887.]
Illustrated.

By

T.

Carter.

Historical
Illustrated.

Record of The [London: Parker.

^iith,

or

West

Essex

Regiment.

1755-1844.

1844.]

n

2

164

tTbe

Sberwoob
The
The

jforesters

(Derbi^sbire IRcgiment),

COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

45 ih (Nottinghamshire 95th (Derbyshire)

—Sherwood Foresters)

Regiment.
Militia

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

)

Regiment of Foot;

with

Battalions.

The

ist

and 2nd Derby

Militia.

The Royal Sherwood

Foresters Militia.

The United Red and White

Rose.

The Collar Badge.

TITLES.
I St

Batt.

2nd Batt.
1760-63. The 95th Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1780-83. The
(or

1741-48.
also

The 45th Regiment of Foot; Fraser's or The 2nd (Green)
D.

Marines; disbanded.
1741-51. Colonel

95th Regiment of Foot;

Houghton's successive Colonels') Regiment Foot; disbanded.

disbanded.

of

1794-96- The 95th Regiment of Foot; disbanded.

1751-82. The 45th Regiment of Foot.

1802-16. The

95th (Rifles);

re-named
of Foot

1782-1866.

The 4Sth (Nottinghamshire)

The Rifle Brigade. 1816-18-. The 9Sth Regiment
disbanded.

Regiment of Foot.
1866-81.

The 4Sth (Nottinghamshire

1824-5-1881. The 95th (Derbyshire) Regi-

ment of Foot. Sherwood Foresters) Regiment. 1881 (from). The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment).

i65

Zbc Sbei'woob

fforesters (2)erb8sbire IReginietit)— f<'«''/««^fl'.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
" Honours " on

&c.

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalions concerned.

1757-

i66

Zbc

Xoi^al H^ortb

Xancasbire IRealment,

COMPRISING
1st Batt. (formerly)

The 47th
The

(Lancashire) Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.

(

)

8ist (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers)

Regiment of Foot; with

Mihtia Battalions.

3rd

& 4th

Batt.

The 3rd Royal Lancashire

Militia.

The Royal
Crest.

The Red

Rose.

The

Ar.ms of

the Ciry

Of

Lincoln.

TITLES.
ist Batt.

1740-48.

The 47th
;

(4th Marines) Regi-

ment of Foot
1741-51. Colonel

disbanded.

2nd Batt. 1759-63- The 8ist (Invalids) Regiment; dispersed as Independent Companies.
1778-83.

The

John Mordaunt's (or Colonel's name) Regiment of Foot.

landers)

8ist (Aberdeen HighRegiment of Foot; dis-

banded.
1793-94-

The

1751-82. The 47th Regiment of Foot.

teers)

8ist (Loyal Lincoln VolunRegiment.

1782-1881. The 47th (Lancashire) Regi-

1794-1833. The 8ist Regiment of Foot. 1833-81. The 8ist (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers)

ment of Foot.
1881 (from).

Regiment of Foot.

The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.

i67

ICbe Xogal IRortb Xancasbire IRegtment— ^rw^v^^.y.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
" Honours" on the Colours, the
figures

&c.

showing the Battalion concerned.

1745-

1

68

^be H^ortbamptonsbirc
COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly) ::
(

IReoiment,

The 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment The 58th
(Rutlandshire)
Battalions.

of Foot. with
Militia

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

Regiment of Foot;

The Northampton and Rutland

Mihtia.

Ornament on Helmet Plate.

The Spphnx.

TITLES
ist Batt.

1740-48.

The 48th (The

sth

or

Coch-

1740-48.

rane's Marines)
1

Regiment; disbanded.

of Foot; renumbered the 47th, and now The ist Batt. Loyal North Lancashire.

2nd Batt. The 58th Regiment

740-51. Colonel James Cholmondeley's
(or

1756-57-

successive

Colonels')

Regiment

The 58th Regiment of Foot; renumbered The 56th.

of Foot.

1755-571757-82.

The 60th Regiment
5 8th.

of Foot;

1751-82. The 48th Regiment of Foot.
1

renumbered The
1782-1881.

782-1881.
shire)

The
1

48th

(Northampton-

The 58th Regiment of Foot. The sSth (Rutlandshire)

Regiment of Foot.
88 1 (from).

Regiment of Foot.

The Northamotonshire Regiment.

169

Zbc IRortbamptonsbtre IReQlment— ^^«/'>«/<''j'

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1744-47. Flanders.

I70

princess

Cbarlotte

of

Males's

(IRo^al

Berl^sbirc

IRcaiment),
COMPRISING
ISt Batt.
(formerly)

The 49th The

(Hertfordshire

— Princess

Charlotte

of

Wales's)

Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot; with MiUtia Battalion.

The Royal

Berkshire Militia.

Thk Dragon

of China.

TITLES.
ISt Batt.

2nd Batt.
disbanded.

1742-48.

The

49th (The 6th or Cotterell's
;

Marines) Regiment
1 7

43~5 1

Colonel Edward Trelawney's (or

1755-58. The 19th (2nd Batt.) Regiment of Foot; renumbered.

Colonel's name) Regiment of Foot.

1751-82. The 49th Regiment of Foot. 49th 1 7 82-1 81 6. The (Hertfordshire)

1758-82.

The 66th Regiment

of Foot.

Regiment of Foot.
i8r6-8i. The
49th (Hertfordshire— The
Princess of Wales's) Regiment.,
1

1

782-1881. Tlie 66th

(Berkshire)

Regi-

ment of Foot.

88 1 (from). Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment).

171

Iprincess

Cbarlotte of Males's

(IRopal

Berftsbire IRegiment;-

continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours" on

the Colours, ihe figures

showing ihe Battalion concerned.

1775-

172

^bc
1st Batt.

(Siuecn'6
(formerly)
(

®wn

(IRoi^al

Meet

Ikcnt) IResimcnt,

COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot. The 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot;
Militia Battalions.

with

The

ist

West Kent
"

Militia.
et gloria dnautt."

Quo fas

The Royal Crest

of England.

The White Horse and Motto.

The

Sphinx.

TITXES.
Batt. 1740-48. The 58th (The 7th, or Cornwall's Marines) Regiment disbanded.
I St
;

1748-57. The

50th (Shirley's American Provincials) Regiment of Foot ; disbanded.

1757-82. The 50th (raised in 1751 as the 52nd) Regiment of Foot.
1

782-1827. The 50th (West Kent) Regi-

2nd Batt. 1759-63. The 97th Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1779-83. The 97th Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1794-95. The 97th (Strathspey Highlanders) Regiment disbanded, the flank companies going to the Black Watch. 1798-1802. The 97th (Queen's Germans)
;

ment of Foot.
1S27-31.

renumbered The
of

96th.

The

Clarence's)

Duke soth (The Regiment of Foot.

1804-18. The 98th Regiment of Foot; renumbered and disbanded as The
97th.

1831-81. The 50th (The Queen's Own)

Regiment of Foot.
i88t (from).

The 97th (The Earl of Regiment of Foot, The Queen's Ow n (Royal West Kent) Regiment.
1824-81.

Ulster's)

173

Xlbe (Siueen's

®wn

(IRogal

Mest

Ikent) IRcQimcnt—'^onfimied.

1759-

174

^be

Iking's

®wn

(JDorftebire
COMPRISING

Xigbt Jnfantr^),

1st Batt. (formerly)

The

sist (2nd Yorkshire A\'est Riding) Regiment.
Infantry)

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

The rosth (Madras Light
Battalion.

Regiment; with

Militia

The

ist

West York Mihtia.
" Cede Mtllis:'

The White Rose

(of York).

TITLES.
1st Batt.
1 7

40-48.

(The 8th or Sir Thomas Hanmer's Marines) Regiment disbanded.

The

5

1 St

1761-63.

2nd Batt. The 105th (Queen's Own Royal
;
;

;

Highlanders) Regiment raised as a wedding escort to Queen Charlotte
disbanded.

1745-57.

The

51st

(raised

in

1745

as

American Provincials) Pepperil's Regiment of Foot disbanded. 1755-57. The 53rd Regiment of Foot;
;

1781-83.

The

105th

(Volunteers

of

Ireland) Regiment.

renumbered.
1757-82. The 51st Regiment (2nd 51st 1 782-1 809. The
of Foot.

1794-96. The 105th Regiment of Foot.
1839-58.

The Hon. East India ComMadras (European Light

Yorkshire,

pany's 2nd

West Riding) Regiment of Foot. i8o;-2i. The 51st (2nd Yorkshire, West Riding, Light Infantry) Regiment.
1821-81. The 51st (2nd Yorkshire, West Riding, The King's Own Light
Infantry) Regiment.
1

Infantry) Regiment.

1858-61. The 2nd Madras (Light Infantry)-

Regiment.
1861-81. The
105th

(Madras

Light

Infantry) Regiment,

88 1 (from).

The King's Ow n Yorkshire Light

Infantry.

175

Ube

IRing's

©wn

(l^orftsbtre

Xigbt Jnfantrg)— ^^«a«2/^</.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
Honours " on the Colours, the
figures

&c.

showing the Battalion conceined.

1758-

176

Zhc MwQ's (Sbropsbirc %\Qbt
COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

Jnfantri?),

The 53rd
ment

(Shropshire)

Regiment of Foot.
(King's Light Infantry) Regi-

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 8sth (Bucks Volunteers)
;

with MiUtia Battalions.

The

Shropshire Militia.
Militia.

4th Batt.

The Hereford

"

Audo

splendore resurgo''

The United Red and White

Rose.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

1741-48.

The 53rd (The
;

loth or Jeffrey's,

afterwards

Agnew's Marines) Regi-

2nd Batt. 1759-63- The Ssth (Royal Volunteers Light Infantry) Regiment; disbanded.
1778-83.
teers)

ment

disbanded.

The 85th (Westminster VolunRegiment
mostly from Jamaica
;

lost at sea
;

1755-57. The 55th Regiment of Foot; renumbered. 1757-82. The 53rd Regiment of Foot.

returning

rest

dis-

banded.

1794-1808. The 85th (Bucks Volunteers)

Regiment of Foot.
1808-15.

1782-1881. The 53rd (Shropshire) Regi-

The 85 th (Bucks Volunteers Light Infantry) Regiment. The 85th (Bucks
Volunteers)

ment of Foot.

1815-21.

(Duke of York's
Regiment.
1821-81.

Own

Light Infantry)
Volunteers)

The 85th (Bucks

(King's Light Infantry) Regiment.

1881 (from).

The

King's (Shropshire Light Infantry).

177

Ube

Iking's

(Sbropsbire Xigbt 3nfantv^)—'rmfmued.
&c.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

Honours

"

on the Colours, the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.
1

I76I.

8 14.

Washington.

181 5.
18

New

Orleans.

T817-19. Pindarree War.

.

Copal Droog.

1838-39. Canada. *i846. Aliwal (i).
1 84Buddiwal. '1846. Sobraon (i).

"1848-49. Punjaub
"'1849. Goojerat. (i)

(i).

1856-57. South Africa. 1857-58. Indian Mutiny.
"i8j7.

Lucknow

(i).

1857. Cawnpore.
""'1879-80. Afghanistan (2).

*i882. Egypt

(i).
(1).

"1885. Suakim

1900. South Africa.

Uniform.

ist

Batt., Scarlet with Scarlet facings

(T755

ti^^

1881); Scarlet with Blue

facings

(present

time).

2nd

Batt.,
1).

Scarlet with Yellow facings

(1794-1821);

Scarlet with Blue facings (since 182

Regimental Badge.
ments.

—" The United Red and White
"A
Bugle with Strings"
Brickdusts
its

Rose.''
is

resurgo" (from 1821).

also

Motto ^^ Aiicto spkndore worn on various appoint:

Nicknames.

" (from the facings of the 53rd). " The Old Five and number, and the daily pay of an ensign). " The Elegant Extracts" (dissensions amongst the staff of the 85th were \circa 181 1] so frequent that the Duke of York dispersed the lot, substituting officers from other corps). "The Young Bucks" (in distinction to The 1 6th— "The Old Bucks").

"

The
"

Threepennies

(from

Notes.

—The

ist

Bibliography.
T848.

— Historical Record of The ^yd, or Shropshire Regiment of Foot.
[London: Parker.
1849.]
ist Batt.

85th was the

first

Light Infantry Regiment in the service.

1755Ki?ig's

Illustrated.

Historical Records of

The '^yd {Shropshire) Regiment, now
1755-1889.

{Shropshire) Light Infantry.
port
:

By Colonel W. Rogerson.

[Devon-

Swiss.

1890.]

178

^be S>ukc

of

(rambri&ge's

®wn
(\\'est

(flDibMesey

IRcgiment),

COMPRISING
1st

Batt.

(formerly)
(

The The

57th

Middlesex) Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.
5th Batt. 6th Batt.

)

77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot; the
;

3rd and 4th Batts. are authorised

with

jNIilitia

Batts.

The Royal Elthorne

Militia.
j\;ilitia.

The Royal East Middlesex

The Plume

of the Prince of Wales.

The Helmet Badge.

TITLES.
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
of Foot;

1741-4S.

The 57th Regiment renumbered The 46th.

1756-63.

The 77th (Montgomery HighRegiment
;

landers)

disbanded.

1755-57. The

57th Regiment of Foot; renumbered The SSth.

1775-83.

The 77th (AthoU Highlanders)
;

Regiment
1807-76.

disbanded.

1755-57.

The 59th Regiment of Foot; renumbered The 57 th.

1787-1807. The 77th Regiment of Foot.

The

77th

(East

Middlesex)
Middlesex)

Regiment of Foot.
1876-81. The
of Foot,

1757-82. The 57th Regiment of Foot.

77th

(East

1782-1881. The 57th (West Middlesex)

(Duke of Cambridge's Own) Regiment

Regiment of Foot.
1

881 (from).

The Duke

of

Cambr idge's Own (Middlesex Regiment).

179

XTbe Dufte of Camttrtbge's

®wn

(/IDibMeses TRcQimcnt)—^^^^^^^^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1758-60. Canada.
1762. Havannah.

*i799. Seringapatam (2). *i8o9-i8i4. Peninsula

1

814-15. Canada.

1776-82. America.
1776. Brooklyn. 1781. York Town. 1793-95- Flanders. 1793. Nieuport.

(1&2).
1809. Flushing. *i8ii. Albuera (2). 181 1. El-Bodon.
'''1812.

1814. Bayonne. 181 9. Asseerghur. 1854. Balaclava.
"1854.

1854. Alma (i). Inkerman

(i

1793. Dunkirk. 1794. Nimeguen.

CiudadRodrigo(2). '1812. Badajos (2).
""1813. Vittoria (i).

"1855. Sevastopol (i

& 2). & 2).
(i).

1858. Indian Mutiny.

1861-66. NevvZealand(i).
"'1879.

1790-1807. Hindoostan.
1796. St. Lucia. ^1799. Mysore (2).

"1813. Pyrenees (i). '1813. Nivelle (i). "1813. Nive
(i).

South Africa 1900. South Africa.

Uniform.

ist Batt., Scarlet (or Red) with Green facings (1755-67); Scarlet with Yellow facings (1767-1881); Scarlet with White facings (from 1881). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with Yellow facings (from 1787 to territorialisation, when White facings were adopted).

Regimextal and other Badges. "The Plume of the Prince of Wales" (the 77th badge). Also " The Duke of Cambridge's Cypher and Coronet." Amongst other
badges not specified in official lists are (i) " (an old 57th badge for gallantry at that battle) ;

A

Laurel Wreath, with Albuera"

(2) "

The County Arms."

Nicknames.

Die-Hards," for stubborn valour at Albuera, by which the 57th practically insured victory ; at the finish the Colours were riddled by thirty bullets, and the survivors numbered one officer in twenty-four, and 168 men out of 584. Colonel Inglis rallied his men again and again by " Die hard, my men, die hard!" The 57th had previously been known as "The Steelbacks," from the frequency with which its men, largely recruited by militiamen from London, were " The Pothooks" (the 77th), from the two sevens in its number. flogged.

—" The

Notes.

—The

" steadiness, discipline

77th at El-Bodon was specially commended by Lord Wellington for and confidence " when largely outnumbered.

Bibliography. Historical Records of The ^-jf/i {or West Middlesex Regiment). 1755-1878. By General H. J. Warre, C.B. [London Mitchell. 1878.] Some Reminiscences of the " Die-ffards" {<i']th West Middlesex). By SergeantMajor E. Bezar. [Dunedin Dick & Co. 1891.] A History of The ^"^th (West Middlesex Regiment) from 1 75 5-1 88 r. Including a record of the services of the " Die-Hards " in the American War of Independence, Flanders, the West Indies, the Peninsula, France, the Crimea, New Zealand, Zululand, etc. By Captain Henry H. Woolwright, Middlesex Regiment. With coloured plates and other illustrations and maps. Demy Svo. 406 pp.
: :

^bc mwQ's IKowl
The

IRifl^

Corps,

COMPRISING
ISt to 4th BattS. (formerly)
6oth (The Kmg's
Militia Batts.

Royal

Rifle

Corps)

;

with

5th Batt. 7th Batt. 8th Batt. 9th Batt.

The The The The

Himtingdon
Carlow

Militia.

2nd Royal Middlesex
Militia. Militia.

Militia.

North Cork

"

Cder

et aiiifax.''

The White Horse.

The Royal Cypher

With the

WITHIN Garter. Imperial Crown.

TITLES.
1741-48.

The 6oth Regiment

of Foot.

1824-30.

The

6oth (The

Duke

of York's

1755-57. The

62nd (Royal American) Regiment of Foot ; renumbered.

Own
1830-81.

Rifle Corps).

1757-1824. The 60th (Royal American)

The 6oth (The

King's

Royal

Rifle Corps).

Regiment of Foot.
1824.

The 60th (Duke of York's Corps and Light Infantry).

Rifle

1881 (from).
Corps.

The

King's

Royal

Rifle

ZbC

IktnO'S IROgal IRifle QoV^S—<ron/mued.

^be Dul^e
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

of jebinburgb's (Miltsbire IReoiment),
COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

)

The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot. The 99th (Duke of Edinburgh's) Regiment
Mihtia Batt.
Wiltshire Militia.

of Foot;

with

The Royal

The Duke

of Edinburgh's Coronet and Cypiii;u.

TITLES.
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
1760-63.

1743-48. The
disbanded.

62nd Regiment of Foot;

The 99th Regiment

of Foot:

disbanded.

1755-57. The

62nd (Royal
:

American)

1780-83. The 99th (Jamaica) Regiment of Foot disbanded.
:

Regiment of Foot
,

renumbered The

60th.

,,

1794-98- The 99th Regiment of Foot: disbanded. 1804-11.

1756-57. The 62nd Regiment

of Foot:

renumbered The
756-58.

The 9gth Regiment of Foot: renumbered The 98th (or Prince of Wales' Tipperary) Regiment of Foot
disbanded in 1818.

77th.

1

The

4th King's

Own (2nd Batt.)

1805-15.
:

The looth Regiment
in

of Foot:

renumbered
1815-18.
Regent's

separately regimented as

The 62nd

The 99th (H.R.H. The
:

Prince

Foot.

County of Dublin) Regiment of Foot disbanded.
1824-74.

1758-82. The 62nd Regiment of Foot.

The 99th

(Lanarkshire)

Regi-

ment of Foot.
1782-1881. The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regi1874-81.

The 99th (The Duke
Regiment of Foot.

of Edin-

ment of

F'oot.

burgh's)

1881 (from).

The Duke

of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment).

iS^

TLbt 2)ul?e ot Ebinburgb's (Miltsbire IReQimcW—coniinu^t/.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honour^

"

on the Colou-s, the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1743. Dettingen. 1745. Fontenoy.

1795. Essequebo. 1795. Berbice. 1809. Scylla. 1813. Niagara.

"1845-47. New Zealand (2 ). "1845. Ferozeshah (i).
'1846. Sobraon
i860. China.
(i).

1745. Jacobite rising.
1746. CuUoden.

"1855. Sevastopol
(i).

(i).

175S. Carrickfergus.

"'1813-14. Peninsula

1776-80. America.
1777. Stillwater.

i860. Pekin
Nive (i). ii4. Bayonne. iI4-I; America.
!i3.

(2).

•1878-80. South Africa (2).
1900. South Africa.

1793-8. San Domingo.
1795. Demerara.

Uniform.

— Scarlet

with Buff facings (ist Batt. from
Batt.

1758-1881), and Scarlet with
Scarlet with ^Vhite facings for

Yellow facings (2nd both batts.

from 1824-1881).

Now

Regimental and other Badges.
(this in

" The Duke of Edinburgh's Coronet and C)'pher combination with a Maltese Cross, adopted by the 62nd in 1806, and the Regulation Star and "Wreath).

"

Nickname. "The Springers" (tradition says that the 62nd was so called from employment as a light battalion during the American War in 1777).
Notes.
at

its

— For

its

defence, in 1760, against the French, of the Castle of Carrickfergus
''

it

one time wore a " splash on the buttons. After the ammunition was expended bricks and stones were thrown, and, so the story runs, their buttons were used as bullets. The 99th were raised in Lanarkshire hence its former county title.

Bibliography.
Carson.

—"

T/ie

Springcrsr

Tlie i>2nd Regiment.

By H.

:M.

C.

[Dublin

:

1891.]

i84

^be HDancbester
ISt Batt. (formerl)')

IReoimeiU,
of Foot.
Militia Batts.

COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd

(

)

& 4th

Batts.

The 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment The 96th Regiment of Foot with The 6th Royal Lancashire Militia.
;

The Arms of the City
Manchester.

of

The Sphixx.

TITLES
ISt Batt.

1744-48.
of

The 63rd (American) Regiment Foot renumbered The 49th.
:

1760-63.

2nd Batt. The 96th Regiment

of Foot
:

(raised for service

in the Carnatic)

disbanded.

1757-58.

The
;

1780-83. The 96th (British Musketeers)
8th

King's

(2nd

Batt.)

Regiment
Irish)

:

disbanded.
dispersed.

Regiment
1758-83.
1782-81.

regimented in
of Foot.

1793-98. The 96th (The Queen's Royal

Regiment

;

The 63rd Regiment
The 63rd (West

1803-16.

Suffolk)

Reg
1

Regiment of Foot (raised as 2nd Batt. 52nd Foot renumbered The 95th, and as such
:

The 96th

ment of Foot.

disbanded
81 5-18.

in 1818).

The 96th (Queen's Own)
:

Regi-

ment of Foot (raised in 1798 as The Queen's Germans numbered The
97th in 1802
the 96th:
:

renumbered,
in

in

disbanded

1818

—the

1815,

this

Egyptian and Peninsular honours of corps were assumed by the late
96th).

1881 (from).

The 96th Regiment The Manchester Regiment.
1824-81.

of Foot.

Zbc

/IBancbester TRcQimcnt—'^'^^tinued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honours" on

the Colours, the figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1759-

i86

^be prince
1st Batt.

of Males's (Bortb Stafforbsbire IRcGiment),
COMPRISING

(formerly)
(

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

)

The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot. The 98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot;
Batts.

with Militia

The 2nd King's Own Stafford Mihtia. The 3rd King's Own Stafford Mililia.

The

Plumf, ov

THE Prixce
OF Wales.

The Dragon of

Chin.v.

The

.Staffordshire Knot.

TITLES.
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
Regiment of
1760-63. The 98th Regiment of Foot disbanded. 1779-84. The 98th Regiment of Foot disbanded.
:

1740-48. The 64th

(Irish)

Foot

:

disbanded.

1756-58. The
of Foot
:

nth

(2nd

Pjatt.)

Regiment

regimented in

1793-1802.

The

98th
:

(Highland)

Regi-

1758-82. The 64th Regiment of Foot.

renumbered the 9Tst. 1805-15. The 98th Regiment of Foot: renumbered and disbanded in r8i8.
1805-18.

ment of Foot

1

782-1881. The 64th (2nd Staffordshire)

The

99th

(Prince

of Wales's
:

Regiment of Foot.

Tipperary)

Regiment of Foot
in

re-

numbered The 98th
afterwards disbanded.

1815,

and

1881 (from).

1824-76. The 98th Regiment of Foot. 1876-81. The 98th (The Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot. The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment).

i87

trbe

prince of Males's (IRortb Stafforbsbire

TRcQ\ment)—'^o?iti;med.

PRINCIPAL CAMPiVIGNS, BATTLES,
" Honours
"

&c.

on the Colours, the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1759. Guadaloupe. 1761. Belle Isle. 1762. Martinique. 1762. Havannah.

1780. Charlestown,

1780-84. Carnatic.
1781.

Entaw

Springs.

"1856-57. Persia (i). Reshire (1). "1856. Bushire (i).
'•'1856.

1794. Guadaloupe. 1794. Martinique.
'T803.
St.

'1857. Koosh-ab

(i).

1776-81. America.
1775. Lexington. 1775. Bunker's Hill.
1776. Brooklyn. r777. Brandywine.

1857-58. Indian jMutiny.
1857. Cawnpore. T857. Lucknow (1).
•1896. Hafir.
(2).

Lucia

(i).

1804. Surinam

(i).

1842. China (2). '1848-49. Punjaub

1900. South Africa.

Uniform. White

Scarlet with

White facings (when raised the 64th had Black, and the 98th

facings respectively).

Regimental and other Badges.^" The Prince of Wales's Plume " (in memory of " The Dragon," for " China" (1842). the visit to Malta in 1875). Also (since territorially organised) " The Staffordshire Knot."
Bibliography.

—Memoirs

of the Services of The 64th Regiment (2nd Staffordshire).
[Stafford
:

1758-1881.

By H. G. Purdon, 64th Regiment.

Halden.

1882.J

t88

^be

^ox\{ anb Xancaster IReaiment,
COxMPRISING

1st Batt. (formerly)

The 65th

(2ncl Yorkshire,

North Riding) Regiment of Foot.

2nd

Batt.

(

)

The 84th (York and
Mihtia Batt.

Lancaster)

Regiment of Foot

;

with

3rd Batt.

The 3rd West York

Mihtia.

The Royal

Tiger.

The Union

Rose.

TITLES.
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
1758-64- The 84th Regiment of Foot: disbanded.
84th 1775-78. The Emigrants Corps 1778-84.

1756-58. The i2th (2nd Batt.) Regiment
of Foot
;

renumbered

in

:

Royal Highland renamed
(Royal

1758-S2. The 65th Regiment of Foot,

The

84th

Highland
:

Emigrants) Regiment of Foot

dis-

1782-1881. The

65th

(2nd

Yorkshire

banded.

North Riding) Regiment of Foot.

1793-1809. The 84th Regiment of Foot. 1809-81. The 84th (York and Lancaster)

Regiment of Foot.
1 88 1

(from).

The York and Lancaster Regiment.

i89

Ube

lorfj an5 Xaticastec TRcQimcnt—confimed.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
" Honours" on the Colourp, the
figures

&c.

showing the Battalion concerned.

I7S9- 62. India 1759- Guadaloupe.
1760. \\'yndewash. 1760. Arcot. 1760. Villanova. 1761. Martinique. 1761. Pondicherry. 1762. Havannah.

1795-

1775- -81. America.
1775- Bunker's Hill.
1782. Gibraltar.

1794- -95. Flanders.
1794- Martinique.

1794- Guadaloupe.

^be Durbant XiQbt
COMPRISING
ist Batt.
(formerly) „

3nfantr^,

The

68th

(Durham

— Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot.
Infantry)

2nd Batt.

(

)

The io6th (Bombay Light
Batts.

Regiment

;

with Militia

3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

The

ist

Durham

Militia. Militia.

The 2nd Durham

The United Red and White

Rose.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

1756-58.

The 23rd (2nd
Fusiliers
:

Batt.)

Royal

1826-58.

Welsh

regimented in

2nd Batt. The Hon. East India Co.'s 2nd Bombay European Light Infantry. Bombay r-wrr Light Infantry

1758-82. The 68th Regiment of Foot. ^ ^, .„, ,-r^ \ T, 1782-1812. The 68th (Durham) Regi,

1858-61. 1 he 2nd

Regmient.
1861-81.

ment of Foot.
1812-81.

The

68th

(Durham

Light

The

io6th

Bombay

Light

Infantry) Regiment.

Infantry Regiment.

1881 (from).

The Durham Light

Infantry.

191

Ubc

IDurbain

Xigbt

^ntm\tv'g—'-v"timed.

PRJNCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,

&c.

" Honours'' on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1758.

ig2

^be
ist Batt.
(formerly)
(

Ibigblanb

Xigbt Jnfantr^,

COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd

)

&

4th Batts.

The 71st (Highland Light Infantry) Regiment. The 74th (Highlanders) Regiment; with Militia The ist Royal Lanark Royal Militia.

Batts.

The Elephant.

Special Device, as on Collar Badge.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
1758-63.
;

1758-63.

Regiment of Foot 32nd Foot, but separately regimented the same year
71st
(raised as

The

The

74th

2nd

Batt.

(raised as

2nd

Batt. of 36th

Regiment of Foot Foot in
;

:

disbanded in 1763.
1764-65. The 71st (Invalids) Regiment of Foot (previouslytheSist (Invalids); reduced to Independent Garrison

1756 separately regimented in 1758 disbanded in 1764).

Companies
1775-83.

in 1769).

1763-65. The 74th (Invalids) Regiment of Foot; formerly the 117th Invalids dispersed as Independent Garrison
;

The
:

of Foot
(chiefly

71st (Highland) Regiment also Fraser's Highlanders

Companies.
1777-83. The 74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot also The Argyll Highlanders disbanded in 1783.
:

lion

engaged in American Rebeland afterwards disbanded).

1777-86.
17

The

ist Batt.

73rd (Highland)
(Highland) Regi-

:

Regiment of Foot.
86-1 808.

The

71st

ment of Foot.
1808-9.

1787-1816. The 74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot also " The Assaye
:

The

Regiment

71st (Glasgow of Foot.

Highland)

Regiment"
1816-45.

(1803).

1809-10. The 71st (Glasgow Highland Light Infantry) Regiment. 1810-81. The 71st (Highland) Light
Infantry.

The The

74th Regiment of Foot. 74th (Highlanders)

1845-81.

Regi-

ment of Foot.
1881 (from). The Highland Light Infantry.

193

194

^be Seafortb

Ibigblanbers (1Ro66*sbire Buffs, JLbe Bufte

of aiban^'0 ®wit IReaiment of foot).
(3 Batts.)

1st Batt.

(formerly)

The 72nd (Duke The

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

of Albany's Own Highlanders) Regiment of Foot. 78th (Highlanders Ross-shire Bufifs) Regiment of Foot with Mihtia Battalion.

The Highland

Rifle Militia.

The Elephant wlth

" Assaye."

The Coronet and Cvpher. The Duke of Albany.
TITLE.S.

of

The Seaforth

Crest.

1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
1756-63.

1756-63.

Highland Batt.: afterwards regimented as The 78th (Highland) Regiment of Foot; also Highlanders Fraser's disbanded (5f<? Titles, 2nd Batt.) 1763.
;

The

2nd

The 2nd Highland
regimented
as

Batt.

:

after-

wards

The
;

78th
also.

(Highland) Regiment of Foot
Fraser's Highlanders
;

Seaforth (Highland) Regiafter establishment ; regimented as The 78th (Highland) Regiment of Foot. (Sir 2nd Batt.) 1786-1823. The 72nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot. (At the peace of 1 783 many regiments were disbanded.) There had previously been three

1778-86.

The

disbanded.

ment of Foot

1793-18

The 78th (Highlanders) Regi;

ment of Foot
between

also Ross-shire Buffs

;

The 72nd Foot (175663); (/;) The 72nd (Invalids) Foot (1764-65) and (c) The 72nd (Royal
72nds
(a)
;

1777-86

The

78th

was

represented in the ist Batt. by the
Seaforth Highlanders.

Manchester Volunteers) Regiment of Foot (1777-84). 1S23-1881. The 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.
1

88 1 (from).

The

Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs,

The Duke

of Albany's)..

I9S

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
'

&c.

Honours

"

on the Colours, the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1758.

196

tTbe (Borbon Ibigblanbers.
(3

Batts.)
(Stirlingshire)

1st Batt. (formerly)

The 75th

Regiment of Foot.

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

The92nd(GordonHighlanders)Regimentof Foot; with
Militia.

The Royal Aberdeenshire

The

Tiger.

Special Device on WaistPlate AND Buttons.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
1

1758-63.

The
in

75th

raised

Regiment of Foot; 1756 as 2nd Batt. 37th

794-98.

Foot, separately regimented as 75th in 1758, and disbanded in 1765.

The 1 00th (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.

The 75th (Invalids) Regiment 1764-65. of Foot: formerly (1760) the ri8th
Invalids
service.
;

1

798-1861.

dispersed

for

garrison

1778-83.

The

75th

Regiment of Foot ; disbanded close of the American War.

(Prince of Wales's) at the

The 92nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot; there had previously been three other regiments bearing this number, but none incorporated for more than four years. The 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.

1787-1809. The 75th (Highland) Regiment of Foot ; also " Abercrombie's
Highlanders." 1809-62. The 75th Regiment of Foot. 1862-81. The 75th (Stirlingshire) Regi-

i86r-8i.

ment

of Foot.

1881 (from). The Gordon Highlanders.

197

XTbe (Sorbon Mghlaniia-s—Mntimie^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATT LES,
*
1

&C.

"Honours" on

the Colours, the figures

showing the Battalion concerned.
1857- -58. Indian Mutiny.

761. Belle Isle.

1804. Malwa. 1805. Bhurtpore. 1807. Copenhagen.

1762. Portugal.

"1857. Delhi
1857.
(2).

(i).

1778-83. America.
•'1791-1806. India
(i).

Bulundshuhur.

1808-14. Peninsula
"'1809.

1857. Agra.

1792. Seringapatam.

Corunna

(2).

1795-97. Malabar Goa. '1799. Mysore (i).
1799. Sedaseer. "1799. Seringapatam
1799. Helder. 1799. Crabbendam.

and

1809. Flushing. "1811. Fuentes d'Onor(2).

Lucknow (i). i878- -80. Afghanistan
"1879. Charasiah "1879. Kabool
""1880.
(2).

1857. "1858,

Cawnpore.
(2).

181

1.

Arroyo dos Moll(2). (2).

nos.
(i).

(2).
(2),

'1812. Almaraj '1813. Vittoria
1813. Maya.

Kandahar
Egypt
Nile

1881. Transvaal.
'"1882- -84.
(i).

1799. Bergen. '1799. Egmont-op-Zee(2). 1799. Quiberon. 1800. Ferrol.

"1813. Pyrenees

(2).

"1882. Tel-el-Kebir
-•1884- -85.
(i).

(i).

"1813. Nive
1814. Gave.
•'1814.

(2).

1884. El Teb.
(2).

Orthes

1884. Tamai.
"1895. Chitral.
""1897- -98. Tirah.

1801. Mandora
'1801. Egypt
1

(2).

(2).

1815. Quatre Bras. "1815. Waterloo (2).

801. Alexandria.

181 5. Netherlands.
"1835. South Africa
(i).

1900. South Africa.

1803. Gujerat.
UNIFOR.M.

— Red, with

stripe (the

deep Yellow facings, and the Gordon tartan bearing a yellow distinguishing Marquis of Huntly, who raised the late 92nd, 2nd Batt., became the fifth Duke of
is

Gordon).

The hackle

Regimental Badges, &c.

In (for Egypt), and "The Royal Tiger" (for India). the device on buttons and waist-plate these are shown in the upper and lower divisions of the St. Andrew Cross, with "Egypt" and "India" underneath, respectively; also within a scroll, inscribed "Gordon Highlanders," on the centre of the cross, and resting on a thistle wreath, is worn the crest (a stag's head issuing from the ducal coronet) of the Marquis of Huntly.

— "The Sphinx"

white.

Nickname.
XOTES, &C.

in Scotland, the 75th specially for service in India at the instance and cost of the late Honourable East India Company, receiving on its return " The " in recognition of nineteen years of eventful and arduous service. Royal Tiger Fifty years later it again fought in India through the Mutiny. During this period the 2nd Batt., as the late 92nd, was distinguishing itself in Holland, in Egypt (with special distinction at Mandora), and particularly in the Peninsula Campaigns of 1809-14, no less that seven "honours" falling to its share. Fresh laurels were won at Quatre Bras in company with the Black Watch and the Royal Scots. Of its later exploits only the barest mention can be made of its services in the Indian Mutiny, in Afghanistan (1878-80), including Kabul and the march to Kandahar and the rest the emblazonments on the "Colours " tell a sufficiently emphatic story.

— " The Gay Gordons." —Both regiments were raised

BiBLlOGRAPHV. Historical Record of the trated. [London Parker. 1851.]
:

(jT-iid

Re^inent {Gordon Highlanders).

1

794-1850.

Illus-

198

^l)e (Slueen'0

®wn Cameron
COMPRISING

1biablant)ers,

ISt Batt. (formerly)

The 79th (Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Reghnent.
;

2nd

Batt.

Authorised

with Militia Battalion.
Infantry Militia.

3rd Batt.

The Highland Light

The

Thisti.f.

and Crown.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
1759-64.

The 79th Regiment

of Foot.
^

1778-84.

The

79th (Royal Li\?rpool Volunteers) Regiment of Foot
;

also

The

Liverpool Blues
17

disbanded.

93-1 804.

The 7gth (Highland

—Came^onian Volunteers)

Regiment.

1804-73. 1873-81.
1

The 79th (Cameron Highlanders) Regiment

of Foot.

The 79th (Queen's Own Cameron

Higi.'anders) Regiment.

88 1 (from).

The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.

199

Ube djueen ®wn Cameron

1biQb\ani)CV5—eon/imied.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
"

&c.

" Honours

"

on the Colours.

1762. Manilla.

ZTbe IRoi^al Jvisb IRlfles,
COMPRISING
ISt Batt.
(formerly)
(

2nd Batt.
3rd 4th Sth 6th
Batt. Batt. Batt. Batt.

)

The 83rd (County Dublin) Regiment of Foot. The 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment
Militia Battalions.

of Foot;

with

The The The The

Royal Royal Royal Royal

North Down Militia. Antrim Militia. South Down Militia. Louth Militia.

The Harp and Crown.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
ISt Batt.

2nd Batt.
1759-63. The 86th Regiment of Foot; formerly 2nd Batt. 76th Foot; disbanded. 1779-83. The 86th disbanded.
1

1758-63. The 83rd Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1778-83.

The

83rd

(Royal

Glasgow
;

Regiment of Foot;,

Volunteers) Regiment of Foot

dis-

banded.

793-1806. The

86th (The Shropshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot.

1793-1859. The 83rd Regiment of Foot.
1859-81. The 83rd (County of Dublin)

Regiment of Foot.
1

1806-12. The 86th (The Leinster) Regiment of Foot. 181 2-81. The 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot.
Irish Rifles.

88 1 (from).

The Royal

Ube

IRopal Jrisb 1RlUc5—confinucd.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours,"

the

figures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1795-

princess Victoria's (IRo^al 3ri6b
COMPRISING
1st Batt. (formerly) Batt. ( ) „

jfusiliers),

2nd

The 87th (Royal Irish Fusihers) Regiment of Foot. The 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot with
;

Militia

Battalions.

3rd Batt. 4th Batt. 5th Batt.

The Armagh Militia. The Cavan Militia. The Monaghan MiUtia,

The The Plume of the Prince
OK Wales.

Princess Victoria's

Cypher and Coronet.

The Harp and
Crown.

The Sphinx.

TITLES.
1st Batt. 1759-63. The 87th (Highland Volunteers) also "Keith's j^ Regiment of Foot; Highlanders " disbanded. 1779-83. The 87th Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1793-1811. The 87th (The Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot. 1811-27. The 87th (The Prince of Wales's
;
;.

2nd Batt.
1759-65.

The 89th (Gordon Highlanders)

Regiment of Foot ; disbanded.
1779-83.

The 89th Regiment

of Foot;

disbanded.

Regiment of Foot. 1827-81. The 87th (The Royal Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot
Irish)

Own

1793-1866. The 89th Regiment of Foot.
1866-81.

Irish
(for

short period

The

a Prince of Wales's

The

89th

(The

Princess

Victoria's)

Regiment of Foot.

Own

Irish Fusiliers).
?i (from).

The

Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers).

Iprincess Dictoria's (IRosal Jrisb f\\5ilicvs)—ecmfi;iued.

PRINCIPAL CAINIPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours, the

fisjures

showing the Battalion concerned.

1760.

204

^be Connaugbt
COMPRISING
ISt Batt.
(formerly)
(

IRansers,

The

88th (Coiinaught Rangers) Regiment of Foot.
of Foot
;

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt. 5th Batt.

)

The 94th Regiment
and North Mayo
Militia. Militia.

with Mihtia Battalions.

I'he South

Militia.

The Galway

The Roscommon

Thk Elephant

(Cavarisoned).

The Harp and Crowx.

The

Sphinx.

TITLES.
ISt Batt.

1760-63.

Highland Volunteers) Regiment of Foot; dis88th

The

(Royal

1760-63.
tears)

2nd Batt. The 94th (Royal Welsh VolunRegiment of Foot; disbanded,

banded.
1779-83. The 88th Regiment of Foot; disbanded.

1779-83. The 94th Regiment of Foot disbanded. 1794-95. The 94th (Irish) Regiment of

1793-1881. The 88th (Connaught Rangers) Regiment.
1881 (from).

Foot disbanded. 1803-1818. The 94th (Scots Brigade) Regiment of Foot disbanded. 1823-81. The 94th Regiment of Foot.
; ;

The Connaught Rangers.

Ube Connaugbt

TRawQevs—con/i/nu-d.

PAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
"

&c.

" Honours

"

on

I

1760-63. Germany.
1760. Warbourg.
1760.

Campen.

1762. Wilhelmstahl.

1794-95. Flanders.
1794. Nimeguen. 1793. Alost. 1796. Grenada. 1796.
St.

Lucia.

1799. Bergen.
'•"1799. '•'1801.

Seringapatam

(2)

Egypt (i). 1803. Argaum. 1806. Buenos Ayres.

2o6

Zbc princess Xouiae'a
1st Batt.
(formerly)
(

(Hro^II
(4

S.

SutberlanD Ibiablanbers).

Batts.)

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.
4th Batt.

)

The 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders). The 93rd (Sudierland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
MiHtia Battalions.

;

with

The Highland Borderers Mihtia. The Royal Renfrew (Prince of Wales's)

Militia.

The

Princess Louise's Cypher and Coronet.

A Cat The
:

Bo.vr's

Head.

TITLES
ist Batt.

2nd Batt.
High1760-96. The 93rd Regiment of Foot; during this period three 93rds were

1794-96.

The

98th

(Argyllshire

Regiment of Foot ; relanders) numbered. High1 796-1809. The 91st (Argyllshire landers) Regiment of Foot. Three other corps had previously borne this number ; neither had been retained
longer than four years. 1809-21. The 91st Regiment of Foot its distinctive title was probably dropped for the same reason that the Highland dress was for a time discarded, because of its supposed impediment
;

and disbanded 1760-63 (American War) ; 1779-83 and 1793-96 (served in Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, and then was
raised
;

drafted into the 39th).

1800-61.
86 1-8 1.

The 93rd Highlanders.
The 93rd
(Sutherland

1

High-

to recruiting.

landers).

1821-64. The 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment
of Foot. 1864-72. The
landers.

91st

(Argyllshire)

High-

1872-1881. The 91st (Princess Louise's
Argyllshire) Highlanders.
1

88 1 (from).

The

Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders).

207

TLbc princess Xouise's (Hrgsll

d

Sutberlanb Digblanbers)— ^^^a^?/--^.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
Honours " on

&c.

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1779-

208

Zbc prince

of

Malee's Xeinster IRegiment
(Canabians),
COMPRISING

(IRo^al

1st Batt.

(formerly)
(

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt. 4th Batt. 5th Batt.

)

The looth (Prince of '\^'ales's Royal Canadian) Regiment. with Militia The 109th (Bombay Infantry) Regiment
;

Battalions.

The King's County Militia. The Queen's County Militia. The Meath Militia.

The Plume

of the Prince of Wales.

A Maple
TITI LES.

Leaf.

1st Batt.

2nd Batt.
Regi-

1761-63. The

1

00th
;

(Highland)

ment of Foot

disbanded.

T761-63.

The 109th Regiment

of Foot;

1780-84. .The looth Regiment of Foot; disbanded.
i794-i8[?].
landers)

disbanded.

The looth (Gordon
Regiment of Foot
;

Highthe late

T7

94-95-

The

1

05th
;

(Aberdeenshire) disbanded.

Regiment of Foot

now 2nd Gordon Highlanders. 1S05-19. The 1 00th (Prince Regent's
92nd,

County of Dublin) Regiment of Foot
disbanded as the 99th.
1816-18. The
Irish)

1854-58. The Hon. East India Company's 3rd (Bombay European) Regiment.
1858-61.

The 3rd (Bombay) Regiment.
logth

looth

(Duke
;

of

York's

Regiment of Foot

raised as

1861-81. The

(Bombay

Infantry)

the loist.

Regiment.

i858-i88r. The looth (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot.
1881 (from).

The

Prince of ^Vales's I^einster Regiment (Royal Canadians).

209

TLbc prince of Males's Xeinster IReglment (IRo^al Canabtans)continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

"Honours" on

the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

1761-62. Martinique.
1761. Belle
Isle.

1858. Ratgur. 1858. Barodia. 1858. Sanger. 1858. Garrakota. 1858. Muddenpore. 1858. Betura.
1858. Jhansi.

1858. Calpe. 1858. Morar. 1858. Gwalior.
1900. South Africa.

1783. Carnatic.

1812-14. Canada.
"1813. Niagara
(i).

1857-58. Indian Mutiny.
'1858. Central India (2).

Uniform. Scarlet with Blue facings (from formation with wore White facings till 1881).

ist Batt.

.

the

2nd

Batt.

Regimental and other Badges.
Leaf" (the
late looth

"

The Plume
Canada).

of the Prince of Wales," "

A

Maple

was raised

in

Nicknames.

— " The German Mob
(also of the

" (of the 109th,

from the number of Germans
"

in the

regiment when taken over from the Hon. East India Company).

The
little

Brass

Heads"
the sun).

109th because, physique being good, they suffered

from

Notes.

—The

100th Foot was an expression of Canadian loyalty at the time of the

Mutiny.

Zbc
ist Batt. (formerly)

IRoi^al fIDunster fusiliers,
COMPRISING

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt. 4th Batt. 5th Batt.

(

)

The The

loist (Royal Bengal Fusiliers) Regiment.

104th

(Bengal

Fusiliers)

Regiment

with

Militia

Battalions.

The South Cork Militia. The Kerry Militia. The Royal Limerick County
"

Militia.

Spedamur Agendo!'

The Royal

Tiger.

The Arms

of Munster.

TITLES.
1760-63. The
of

ist Batt. loist (Highland) Regiment
;

2nd Batt.
1761-63.

The 104th

(King's Volunteers)
;

Foot
;

also

Johnstone's

High-

Regiment of Foot
1780-83.

disbanded.
of Foot;

landers

disbanded.

1780-83. The loist Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1794-95.

The 104th Regiment

disbanded.

The
;

loist (Irish) Regiment of

Foot

drafted.

1806-17. The
Irish)

loist (Duke of York's Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 1759-1840. The Hon. East India Com-

1794-95- The 104th (Royal Manchester Regiment of Foot Volunteers)
drafted.

1806-16.

The 104th Regiment

of Foot

pany's Bengal (European) Regiment.

disbanded.

r84o-4i. The Hon. East India Company's rst Bengal (European) Regiment. 1841-46. The Hon. East India Company's ist (Bengal European) Light Infantry.
1846-58. The Hon. East India Company's ist (Bengal European) Fusiliers. 1858-61. The ist Bengal Fusiliers.

1839-50. The Hon. East India Company's 2nd Bengal (European) Regiment. 1850-58.

The Hon. East India Company's 2nd (Bengal European) Fusiliers. The 2nd Bengal
Fusiliers.

1858-61.
1861-81.

186 1-8 1,

The

loist

Royal

Bengal

Fusiliers.
1

The 104th Bengal

Fusihers.

88 1 (from). The Royal Munster Fusihers.

Xlbe IROgal /IDunSter fWSUlCVS—'ronflnued

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
Honours
"

&c.

on the Colours, the

figures

shomng

the Battalion concerned.

1757. Chandernagore.

^be
1st

IRo^al

2)ublin fusiliers,
COMPRISING

Batt.

(formerly)
(

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt. 4th Batt. 5th Batt.

)

The 102nd (Royal Madras Fusiliers). The 103rd (Royal Bombay Fusiliers)

;

with Militia Battalions.

The Kildare Militia. The Royal Dublin City Militia. The Dubhn County Militia.
" Spectamur Agendo."

The Elephant.

The Arms of the City
OF Duplin.

The Royal

Tiger.

TITLES.
ist Batt. 1760-63. The 102nd (Queen's Own Royal Regiment of Foot Volunteers) disbanded. 1780-83. The 102nd Regiment of Foot; disbanded. 1793-94. The 102nd (Irish) Regiment of

1761-63.

2nd Batt. The 103rd (Volunteer Hunters)
The 103rd
(King's
Irish

Regiment of Foot ; disbanded.
1781-83.
Infantry)

Regiment of Foot ; disbanded.
Bristol

Foot
i8og-i6.

;

drafted.

103rd (Loyal 1794-95- The Volunteers) Regiment of
drafted.

Foot

The 102nd Regiment
in

of Foot;

1798 as the Wales Corps: disbanded
raised in

New

South

181 8 as

1809-17.
1661-68.

The 103rd Regiment

of Foot.

00th Foot. 1746-1830. The Hon. East India Company's European Regiment. 1830-39. The Hon. East India Company's Madras (European) Regiment. 1839-43. The Hon. East India Company's ist Madras (European) Regiment. 1843-58. The Hon. East India Company's " ist Madras (European) Fusiliers. 1858-61. The Tst Madras Fusiliers. 1861-81. The 102nd (Royal Madras)
the
1

The Bombay Regiment. 1 668-1839. The Hon. East India Company's Bombay (European) Regiment.
1839-44. The Hon. East India Company's ist Bombay (European) Regiment. 1844-58. The Hon. East India Company's ist Bombay (European) Fusihers.
1858-61.
1 86

The The

ist

Bombay

Fusihers.

1-8 1.

103rd

Royal

Bombay

Fusiliers.

Fusiliers.

1881 (from).

The Royal Dublin

Fusihers.

Zbe

IRogal Dublin fnsilicvs—confmuej.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned.

*i747-

214

^be

IRifle

Brtgabe (pinnce Consort's ®wn),
COMPRISING

4 Batts., with
5th Batt. 6th Batt. 7th Batt.

Militia Battalions.
Militia.

The Queen's Own Royal Tower Hamlets
The Royal Longford and West Meath The
King's

Militia.

Own

Royal Tower Hamlets

Militia.

Special Device on the Pouch.

TITLES.
1800-2.

The Corps of Riflemen; Manningham's Sharpshooters.
'

also

1816-62. The Rifle Brigade. ^gg^_g^_ ^^^ ^^.^^^ ^^^^^^^^,^ ^^^^ ^.^^ Brigade

1802-16.

The 9Sth
1

(Rifle

Corps)

Regi-

ment of Foot.
88 1 (from).

The

Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's

Own).

215

Zbc

IRitle

iSSrigabe

(iprtnce

donsort's

®von)—<:onfhmed.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
Honours " inscribed on the Pouch, &c.

&c.

1801. Copenhagen. 1806. Buenos Ayres.
-1807.

Monte Video.
14.

1812. Ciudad Rodrigo. "181 2. Badajos. "1812. Salamanca.
"1813. Vittoria.
1813.
St.

"1815.

1807. Copenhagen.

"1808'=1808.

Peninsula.

Sebastian.

Roleia.

"1813. Nivelle.

'1808. Vimiera.
"1809. Corunna.
1809. Flushing.

"1813. Nive.
"1814. Orthes.

181 4. Tarbes.
'''1814.

1810. Busaco. 1811. Barrossa.
1811. Sabugal.
''1811.

Toulouse.

1814. Antwerp.
1

8 14-15. Netherlands.

Fuentes d'Onor.

1815.

New

Orleans.

1811. Tarifa.

1815. Quatre Bras.

2l6

Zbc West 3nbia
COMPRISING
1st Batt.
(formerly)

IRcgiment,

Malcolm's Black Rangers
Corps.

:

originally

The Carolina Black

2nd Batt.
3rd Batt.

(

)

The

St.

Vincent's Black Rangers.

Authorised.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
*

&c.

" Honours " on the Colours.

1779.

217

^be

1Ro\)aI

fiDarinea,

COMPRISING Royal Marine
Artillery
;

and Royal Marine Light

Infantry.

The Globe and Laurel Wreath.

TITLES.
1664-89. The Lord Admiral's (H.R.H. The Regiment ; also ranked as The 3rd Foot
r

Duke
:

of

York and Albany's) Maritime

drafted into

The

Coldstreams.

694-97. Maritime Regiments

:

several raised
six raised, of

and disbanded.
which three were disbanded, the rest The ist East Surrey,
;

1702-13. Maritime Regiments being now represented by

:

The

ist Batt.

East Lancashire,
at the

and The

ist

Duke

of Cornwall's Light Infantry

same time other regiments

were placed on the Marine Establishment for sea-service these regiments are now represented by The 2nd Gloucester Regiment, The Yorkshire, The Lancashire Fusiliers, The ist Border, The ist Royal Sussex, and The 2nd Worcester.
1740-48. Marine Regiments
:

ten raised and disbanded.

1755-1802.

Marines: 50 Companies permanently established.

1802 (from). Royal Marines.

2l8

ZhC

IROgal iWiavinCS—continued.

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES,
[It is

&c.

of the

Army.

impossible to instance more tlian the most distinguished of the varied services of this iDrauch Reference should" also be made to the Regimental Records of Corps specially mentioned

as having at

one time served as Marines.]

1705.

219

Regimental and other Badges. " The Globe " with the Motto, " Fcr Mare, per Terram." " The Crown the Anchor and Laurel " Her Majesty's Cypher, with the word " Gibraltar " (the latter for services at the various sieges).

Nicknames.

"

The

Little

Grenadiers

" (at

Belle Isle the Corps wore the old-fashioned

Grenadier caps of the earlier maritime regiments).
Rangers.''
" Neptune's

"The

Jollies."

"The Globe

Bodyguard."
ne.xt to

"

The

Admiral's Regiment."

Notes.

—The Royal Marines rank

1893.]

The

Berkshire Regiment.

Bibliography. Historical Records of The Royal Marines. Major L. Edye, R.M.L.L, Barrister-at-Law. Vol. I.
Harrison.

Compiled and edited by [London: 1664-1701.

Histoi-ical

Review of

the

Royal Marine

Corps.

By

Captain

Gillespie.

[London

:

1803.]

Historical Record of the
1845.]

Royal ^Tarine

Forces.

By Colonel

Nichols.

[London:

VI.

THE ARMY SERVICE CORPS.

223

^be Brmi? Service Corps.

The Badge of the Army Service

Corps-

TITLES.
1794.

Corps of Royal Waggoners

;

disbanded shortly
;

after.

The Royal Waggon Train disbanded. 1855-57. Land Transport Corps disbanded. 1857-70. The Military Train. 1870-75. The Control Department. 1875-80. The Commissariat and Transport Department. 1880-88. The Commissariat and Transport Staff. 1888 (from). The Army Service Corps.
1801-33.
;

Services.

—These are obviously Uniform.-— Blue with White Badge. — See above.
Nicknames.
Corps of 1855-57).
(the initials of

to

be found in English Military History J>asszm.

facings.

— "The London Thieving Corps"
"

(i.e.,

The Moke

(or

Muck) Train,"
;

the initials of the Land Transport " or " The Murdering Thieves

The

Military Train of 1857-70)

the

first

of the two because

horses were exchanged for Spanish mules.

VII.

THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY.

227

Zbe CbapIain'0 department.

Maltese Cross.

Motto

:

" In This Conquer.'

Uniform.
Notes.

— As per Regtdations, but seldom worn except on active
first

service.

— Chaplains

received commissions in
in 1858.

1662.

The
is

present

Chaplain's

Department was formed

The

" relative rank "

Chaplain General to the Forces, as Major-General.
Chaplains of the First Class, as Colonels.
Chaplains of the Second Class, as Lieutenant-Colonels.

Chaplains of the Third Class, as Majors.
Chaplains of the Fourth Class, as Captains.

Q

2

228

tlbe

IRoi^al

Hrmi^ fIDeMcal

Corps.

Uniform.
Badge.

^

— Blue with dull cherry

facings,.

— See above.

Nicknames.

—" The

Licensed Lancers,''
,''

"

The

Poultice

Wollopers," "

The

Linseed Lancers

"

The

Pills.''

Notes.

—The Army Medical

Staff

was organised

in 1873.

229

Zbe ©reliance Store department anD ©rbnance
Store Corps.

TITLES.
The
Military Store Staff Corps.

The Ordnance

Store Corps.

Uniform. —Blue with
Badge.

Scarlet facings

and edgings.
"

Ordnance." bearing the word —The Royal Crest within a Brigade (from the trimming on uniform). Nickname. — The Sugar Notes. —The present department dates from 1875,
Garter,
"

"

Stick

23°

^be Uvm^

pai^

2)epartment.

The Royal Cypher and Crown.

Uniform.
Badge.

—Blue with Yellow

facings

—On the pouches appears 1878. Notes. —
Instituted in

"The Royal Cypher and

Crown.'

231

Xtbe

Hrm^

IPetertnar^

Department.

Uniform.

—Blue with Maroon
Instituted in 1881.

velvet facings.

BADGE.—See above.
Notes.

233

APPENDIX

I.

a

stable giving tbe jformer

Bumbers an&

territorial

titles of tbe ifoot IRegiments.
Former Nos.

234
Former Nos.
35th Foot 36th 37th
38th

TERRITORtAL TiTLES.

Page
146 134 148 150
152

39th 40th
41st

„ „ „ „ „


,,

42nd
43rd
44th 45th

,,


46th 47th
48th
49th
50th
51st



,,

„ „
,,
,<

Royal Sussex Regiment 2nd Batt. Worcestershire Regiment 1st Batt. Hampshire Regiment 1st Batt. South Staffordshire Regiment 1st Batt. Dorsetshire Regiment 1st Batt. South Lancashire Regimeni 1st Batt. Welsh Regiment 1st Batt. Royal Highlanders 1st Batt. Oxford Light Infantry 1st Batt. Essex Regiment 1st Batt. Derbyshire Regiment 2nd Batt. Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry 1st Batt. North Lancashire Regiment 1st Batt. Northamptonshire Regiment 1st Batt. Royal Berkshire Regiment 1st Batt. Royal West Kent Regiment
1st Batt.
. .

154 156
158 160
162

164

140 166
168

170 172 174 160
176
152 144 162

1st Batt.

Yorkshire Light Infantry
Oxfordshire Light Infantry

S2nd
53>-d

2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd

Batt.


,,

1st Batt.

Shropshire Light Infaniry

.

S4th 55th
56th

..


..

57*
58th S9th 60th
6i<>t

„ „ „ „

62nd
63rd
64th


,,

6sth 65th 67th 68th 69th
70th
71st

„ „ „ „
,,

Regiment Batt. Border Regiment Batt. Essex Regiment 1st Batt. Middlesex Regiment 2nd Batt. Northamptonshire Regiment 2nd Batt. East Lancashire Regiment King's Royal Rifle Corps 2nd Batt. Gloucestershire Regiment 1st Batt. Wiltshire Regiment 1st Batt. Manchester Regiment 1st Batt. North Staffordshire Regiment 1st Batt. Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment 2nd Batt. Royal Berkshire Regiment. 2nd Batt. Hampshire Regiment
Batt. Dorsetshire
.

178
1

68

136

180
132 182

.

184 1 86 188 170 148 190 156
138 192

.

1st Batt.

Durham Light

Infantry


,,

2nd 2nd

Batt.

Welsh Regiment
Regiment Highland Light Infantry
Seaforth Highlanders

Batt. East Surrey

1st Batt. 1st Batt.

72nd
73rd 74th
7Sth



,,

2nd 2nd

Batt.
Batt.

Royal Highlanders Highland Light Infantry
.

.


,,

76th 77th
78th


,,

79th

8olh
8ist

82nd

„ „ „ „

Gordon Highlanders 2nd Batt. West Riding Regiment 2nd Batt. Middlesex Regiment 2nd Batt. Seaforth Highlanders 1st Batt. Cameron Highlanders 2nd Batt. South Staffordshire Regiment 2nd Batt. North Lancashire Regiment 2nd Batt. South Lancashire Regiment
1st Batt.

194 158 192 196
142 178

194 198 150 166
154

235
Former Nos.
83rd Foot
84th
1st Batt.

Territoriai- Titles.

Page
20O'

Royal

Irish Rifles

8sth 86th
87th 88th 89th

„ „


,,

2nd 2nd 2nd

Batt. Yorkshire

and Lancashire Regiment
.

188 176

Batt. Shropshire Light Infantry
Batt.

1st Batt.

„ „
,,

1st Batt.

90th
91st

2nd 2nd

Batt.
Batt.

Royal Irish Rifles Royal Irish Fusiliers Connaught Rangers. Royal Irish Fusiliers
Scottish Rifles
.

200 202

204 202
128


,.

1st Batt.

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

206
196

92nd
94th 95th
96th


>.

97th
98th


..

99th
looth
loist

2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd



,

102nd
103rd
104th


„ „
,,

105th io6th 107th


,,

loSth
109th

Gordon Highlanders Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Batt. Connaught Rangers Batt. Derbyshire Regiment Batt. Manchester Regiment Batt. Royal West Kent Regiment Batt. North Staffordshire Regiment Batt. Wiltshire Regiment 1st Batt. Leinster Regiment 1st Batt. Royal Munster Fusiliers 1st Batt. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 2nd Batt. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 2nd Batt. Royal Munster Fusiliers 2nd Batt. Yorkshire Light Infantry 2nd Batt. Durham Light Infantry 2nd Batt. Royal Sussex Regiment 2nd Batt. Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 2nd Batt. Leinster Regiment
Batt.
Batt.
.
.
.

206
204.

164 184 172 186 182 208

210
212

212

210 190
145

.

.

208

Rifle Brigade

Rifle

Brigade

.

214

237

APPENDIX

II.

^be ©rber

of precedence of tbe territorial IRegiments.
Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment).
Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment). Buffs (East Kent Regiment).
King's

The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The

Own

(Royal Lancaster Regiment).

Northumberland Fusiliers. Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment).
King's (Liverpool Regiment).

Norfolk Regiment. Lincolnshire Regiment.
Devonshire Regiment.
Suffolk Regiment.

Prince Albert's (Somersetshire Light Infantry).
Prince of Wales's

Own

(West Yorkshire Regiment).

East Yorkshire Regiment. Bedfordshire Regiment.
Leicestershire Regiment.

Royal

Irish

Regiment.

Princess of Wales's

Own

(Yorkshire Regimeat).

Lancashire Fusiliers.

Royal Scots Fusiliers. Cheshire Regiment. Royal Welsh FusiHers. South Wales Borderers.
King's

Own

Scottish Borderers.

Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Gloucestershire Regiment. Worcestershire Regiment. East Lancashire Regiment. East Surrey Regiment.

Duke Duke

of Cornwall's Light Infantry.

of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment).

Border Regiment. Royal Sussex Regiment. Hampshire Regiment. South Staffordshire Regiment.

238
The The The The The The The The The
Dorsetshire Regiment.

Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment).

Welsh Regiment.
Black Watch (Royal Highlanders). Oxfordshire Light Infantry. Essex Regiment. Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment). Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. Northamptonshire Regiment.

Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment).

The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). The King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry). The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry). The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment). The King's Royal Rifle Corps. The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment). The Manchester Regiment. The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire) Regiment). The York and Lancaster Regiment. The Durham Light Infantry. The Highland Light Infantry. Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's). The Gordon Highlanders. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. The Royal Irish Rifles.
Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers).

The Connaught Rangers.
Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders).

The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own). The Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal The Royal Munster Fusiliers. The Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

Canadians).

LONDON
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,
STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING
CROSS.

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