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ABSTRACT

This dissertation presents the development of three-phase AC to DC converter, which often


is used to obtain a DC supply from three- phase AC mains. Since these types of converters are
connected at the front end of the utility hence are also called as front end converters (FEC).
The use of three-phase diode/thyristor bridge rectifiers, as the front-end converter leads to the
degradation in the power quality due to the input current distortion caused by them.
The input current distortion caused by the bridge rectifiers (diode/thyristor bridge) can be
reduced by using a bulk input filter or harmonic traps. Sometimes it is also required to have a
converter with bi-directional power flow capability as in drives applications. In such
applications the attractive solution is to use a three-phase PWM AC to DC converter.

The

FEC can be controlled in a number of ways to satisfy the above objectives. In this report the
Sine-Triangle Pulse Width modulation (SPWM), vector control approach is explained in detail
along with the design of the controller.
A 250-kVA vector-controlled FEC is simulated with MATLAB/SIMULINK. The system parameters
are shown in Table 1. Sine-triangle PWM method is employed with a carrier frequency of 5 kHz.
Vector control is a popular method for control of three-phase induction motors. The basic idea of this
scheme is to control the ux producing and the torque-producing components of motor current in a
decoupled manner to achieve fast dynamic response. The outer control loop controls the speed of the
motor, while the inner loop controls the components of current vector, which correspond to torque and
ux.
Similar control approach can be used for FEC also. Here, the three-phase grid voltages and line
currents are converted into an equivalent two-phase system, called stationary reference frame. These
quantities are further transformed into a reference frame called synchronous reference frame, which
revolves at the grid frequency. These transformations are explained. In synchronous reference frame,
the components of current corresponding to active and reactive power are controlled in an independent
manner similar to the torque and ux producing components in a motor drive. The outer loop controls
the dc bus voltage and the inner loop controls the line currents. The control method (SPWM) is
presented .The selection of controller parameters is discussed. The simulation results of FEC are
presented. The problems associated with the starting process of an FEC, particularly at high power
levels are proposed.