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Chapter 6-Life in the 13

colonies 1620-1763
I. The New England
Colonies

Making a Living
• Fishing – whaling, oil, selling of fish
• Timber – Ship building, masts
• Women ran the businesses,
subsistence farms, and made goods
for sell so men to do the lumber and
fishing industries
• Triangular trade – export raw
materials for the exchange of
manufactured goods and slaves

Education
• Believed all should READ the Bible!
• All should understand the laws
(persecution)
• 1647 – Harvard founded to train
ministers and lawyers .
• First public schools – a teacher from
towns of 50 or more houses.
• Dame schools.

Community Life
• Puritans strict – children’s obedience
to parents
• Community center around religion;
Sabbath the high point of week, all
day praying and attending church
• Town Meetings – white male property
owners voted on community issues
• Common Green – central point of
towns

End of section questions
• #2 – The 1647
Massachusetts
School Law was
important for
establishing the
first public schools
so all children
would learn to read
and write.

• #3 – Town
meetings were not
all democratic
because only free,
landowning, white
men discussed and
voted on important
community
matters.

Middle Colonies
• Making a living:
– Bread basket; crops of wheat, rye,
grains shipped out as exports
– New York and Philadelphia major
shipping ports
– Cities allowed for tailors, iron-makers,
brick-makers, sawmills
– Many trade options

Education in Middle
Colonies
• Apprentices – ages 10-11 children
were sent to a craftsman to learn a
trade, the master would teach the
skills necessary to set up a business
when child became an adult
• Private schools for those with money
and some church schools

Community Life
• Wide variety of languages and
religions
• Toleration of others
• Frontier lured the young to acquire
cheap lands for recent immigrants,
indentured servants, and single men
• Frontier forced settlers to supply all
items they needed creating a sense
of independence.

Section 2 question 2 and 3
#2

• The Middle
Colonies
produced most
of the grains and
were known as
the breadbasket
colonies.

#3
• Native

American
became angry
when
immigrants,
freed indentured
servants, and
young couples
moved on the
frontier to gain
land for homes.

Southern colonies - Livings
• Agricultural: cash crops of tobacco,
rice, indigo
• Two types of planters:
– Wealthy held large tract of land and
imported slave laborers
– Lower class were small farmers who
either owned small farms or worked for
large planters
– African Population – middle passage
20% deaths, some became skilled
workers & buy freedom

Few Communities and opportunities for education

• Plantations were the center of life
• Isolation and little outside contact
• Black codes and slave conditions gave little
opportunity for advancement worked long
hours, lived in squalid conditions, some
were beaten
• Charles Town only major city
– Slave trade and export of cash crops
– No public schools, parents taught children, or
plantation hired tutors

Section 3 questions 2 and 3
• Enslaved Africans were important to
farms because they made it possible
for the farmer to grow enough crops
to make a profit by exporting more
crops to Europe.
• Enslaved Africans could buy their
freedom by earning enough money
to pay the master for it.

1685 – James II – the former Duke of
York
•Appointed
AttemptedEdmund
to replace
all churches
with the
Andros
as Royal
Anglican
Governor

Restricted town
Meetings
Restricted schools
Restricted the press
Puritans hate him and
he has to escape
before a mob (dressed
as a woman)

1676 – Bacon’s Rebellion
• Virginia Colony’s
Governor Berkley
was not protecting
the settlers from
Indian attacks.

• Nathaniel Bacon
led 300 farmers on
a reaid against the
Indians and then
attacked Richmond
and burned it as a
revolt against the
Governor’s inaction

Glorious Revolution
• Parliament feared
James II and took him
out of office and
replaced him with
Mary and William of
Orange
• No one died during
the power change
making it “Glorious”

People got a bill of
•rights
Andros
was
and
restricted
imprisoned
the
power ofand
the
colonies had
throne
assemblies back!

John Zenger, 1726-33
• Zenger’s newspaper criticized New
York’s governor Cosby. Cosby had
Zenger arrested for libel.
• Zenger proved that he printed the
truth about Cosby.
• Since the truth had been printed, the
press was protected.
• First Freedom of the Press case won in
colonies

Colonists had selfgovernment
• 1. Ran local affairs
through town meetings
or assemblies like the
House of Burgesses
• 2. The taxed and spend
the money as approved
through Parliament
representation
• 3. Smuggling was
common between
colonies and West Indies

• Navigation Acts –
Colonies provided
raw materials to
England, provided a
market for English
goods and could buy
ONLY English goods
• Taxes were placed
on colonial goods.

Colonial Ideas
• * It is easier to rule over DUMB
people. Public schools created a
group of people who could read,
write, and challenge the government.
• *People came to the New World for
more freedom, not less, and would
want more.
• *People like having a say about the
way things are decided rather than
being told.

American Colonies of Britain
• New England Colonies – most unified by
religion, education, and hate for British
crown
• Middle Colonies – made up of Swedes,
Dutch, Germans, Catholics, Quakers,
pockets of disgruntled New Englanders
• Southern Colonies – Planters, friends of the
crown, cash crops, supplied Britain
(Georgia – pockets of poor, upwardly
mobile, opportunists)

Section 4 questions 2 and 3
• #2 – The colonies
were important to
English
mercantilism by
providing raw
materials and a
market for British
manufactured
goods and
products.

• #3 – Most colonial
governments were
ruled by a governor
and an elected
legislative
assembly member.

Ch 6 Quiz – 1-9 TR = Correct; False =FA










1. Puritan lifestyle promoted the fear in witches.
2.Spectral evidence is based upon physical evidence.
3.More men were hung as witches.
4.1692 was a time of hysteria in New York.
5. Our court system was altered because of the famous
witch trials. The accused must prove their innocence.
6. Education is a way to protect yourself from others/law.
7. Colonists did not govern themselves.
8. Colonies did not offer any opportunities over England.
9. England believed the colonies should be profitable.
10.. List the thirteen by their groupings: NE, Middle, So.
11. Write the number 1776 as a Roman numeral.

Answers








1. Puritan life promoted the fear in witches. TR
2.Spectral evidence based on physical evidence. FA
3.More men were hung as witches. FA
4.1692 was a time of hysteria in New York. FA
5. Our court system was altered because of the witch
trials. The accused must prove their innocence. FA
6. Education is a way to protect yourself from law. TR
7. Colonists did not govern themselves. FA
8. Colonies did not offer opportunities over England. FA
9. England believed colonies should be profitable. TR

Quiz continued
• 10.List the thirteen by their groupings:
• NE - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut,
and New Hampshire
• Middle- Delaware, New Jersey, New York,
Pennsylvania
• Southern – Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Georgia.
• 11. Write the number 1776 as a Roman numeral.
MDCCLXXVI
• 1-9 2PT EACH = 18, 10=13, 11=2:TOTAL=32PTS