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COSTA RICA

vaccines and medication requirements

travelers must be
up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip. These vaccines
include
measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine,
varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shots.
most travelers must take the hepatitis A vaccination since you can get
hepatitis A
through contaminated food or water in Costa Rica, regardless of where you are eating or
staying.
some travelers must take the Typhoid vaccination since You can get
typhoid
through
contaminated food or water in Costa Rica. CDC recommends this vaccine for most
travelers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or
rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.
STAY AWAY FROM ANIMALS - no matter how cute the animals might be if you did not
take the rabies vaccination you are prone to contract the disease from any animal you
may have contact with
Costa Rica does not require any vaccinations prior to travelling to the country; however,
travelers are required to show proof of their yellow fever vaccination only when arriving
to Costa Rica from a country with risk of yellow fever.

overall crime and safety


crime rating - high
common crimes in costa rica involve in petty theft, vehicle burglaries, smash and grabs
and home robberies Pickpocketing, mugging, purse snatching, and theft.
Criminals have targeted rental vehicles. A tactic used by criminals is to puncture the tires
of rental vehicles and then follow the car until the driver pulls over to inspect. The
criminals under the guise of being Good Samaritans will approach the vehicle to assist
with changing the tire and, in the process, steal the tourists personal items.

Passport theft is also a big issue in costa rica


crimes in costa rica are mainly located in the tourist area

san jose
, the area has received reports of a high number of violent assaults and
robberies in the Limn Caribbean coastal region (from Tortuguero through Limn to
Puerto Viejo), often involving invasions of rental homes and eco lodges.
another area in costa rica to keep away from at dark times due to your safety is
Jaco
which is located on the Pacific coast since its danger level is increasing for tourists due to
increased drug and prostitution activity.

Transportation safety
in costa rica, Roads are often in poor condition, and large potholes are common and
could cause severe damage to vehicles. Traffic laws and speed limits are often ignored,

turn signals are rarely used, passing on dangerous stretches of highway is common, and
pedestrians are not given the right of way. Heavy traffic provides the opportunity for
thieves to steal property that is left in plain view from vehicles. Another challenge
confronting drivers is the lack of street signs/names, making finding an address
extremely difficult even with a GPS.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
as of its democracy, Costa Rica has a long tradition of stable democracy. The country has
not had military since 1948 and is highly proud of that.
costa rica is a liberal democracy, unitary state, presidential system and constitutional
republic
Political Violence Rating and Terrorism Rating: Low
There is no history of violent civil unrest amongst Costa Ricans.
Environmental Hazards
costa rica is an active earthquake and volcanic zone. therefore it has lots of environmental
issues flooding occurs annually in the Caribbean province of Limn and the Pacific province of
Puntarenas,
flash floods and severe landslides occur in other parts of Costa Rica as well, depending
on the time of year and rainfall.
General information about natural disaster preparedness is available from the U.S.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and from the Center of Disease
Control and Prevention. Both coasts contain ocean currents that are swift and
dangerous accounting for a significant number of water-related deaths annually.

Drug-related Crimes Costa Rica has a major transit zone for narcotics due to its geographic location, porous borders,
and thinly patrolled waters.
absence of a military and a historically poorly equipped, under manned police service
made it easier for cartels to operate
The recent accomplishments can partially be attributed to the improvements in
equipment that the government has made, including boats for the Coast Guard, patrol
trucks for the newly formed border police, and new helicopters for air surveillance.
Kidnapping Threat
kidnapping rate is very low and rarely involves U.S. citizens. although it is an issue, it
does not involve U.S citizens
Police Response

Policeresponsecanbeobtainedbycalling911however,responsetimesmayvaryduetothe
lackofmanpowerandvehicles.

HowtoHandleIncidentsofPoliceDetentionorHarassment

U.S.citizenswhoaredetainedbythepolicewillbegiventheopportunitytocontact
friendsorfamily.Thosedetainedbylawenforcementshouldimmediatelycontactthe
U.S.Embassyat25192000.Harassmentisnotcommonwithforeigners,butshouldit
occur,reporttheincidenttoU.S.governmentauthorities.

Crime Victim Assistance

Toreportacrimeinaction,thecrimeshouldbereportedtoFuerzaPublica.Tohavea
crimeinvestigatedand/orprosecuted,itmustbereportedtoOrganismodeInvestigacin
(OIJ),CostaRicasinvestigativepolice.
ContactPolice emergency - 911
Ambulance - 911
Fire - 911
OIJ 911, 2295-3639, or 2295-3640
Tourist Police 2586-4620, 2586-4287, 2586-4287, or 2586-4458

Medical Emergencies
Medical care in San Jos is adequate. U.S. medical insurance is not always accepted in Costa Rica
and most hospitals will require payment up front for services.
Red Cross Ambulance -911
Contact Information for Recommended Hospitals/Clinics
San Jos:
CIMA Hospital - 2208-1000
Hospital Mexico - 2242-6700

Clinica Biblica Hospital - 2257-5252


Hospital Calderon Guardia - 2212-1000
National Children's Hospital - 2523-3600
Hospital Clnica Catlica (private) San Antonio de Guadalupe San Jos 2283-6616
Hospital Metropolitano (private & Services U.S. Veterans) - San Jos, principle headquarters:
+(506) 2521-6565
CIMA and Clinica Biblica, will require payment up-front for non-emergency care.
Puntarenas: Hospital Monseor Sanabria - 2630-8000
Limn: Tony Facio Hospital - 2758-2222
Guanacaste: Enrique Baltodano Hospital - 2690-2300
Ciudad Nelly (Closet to Panama): Hospital Ciudad Nelly 2785-9600
Nicoya: Hospital Anexion 2685-8400
Los Chiles: Hospital Los Chiles 2471-2000
San Carlos: Hospital de San Carlos 2460-1176
Cartago: Hospital Max Peralta 2550-1999
Perez Zeledon: Hospital Escalante Padilla 2785-0700
Alajuela: Hospital San Rafael de Alajuela 2436-1000
Heredia: Hospital San Vicente de Paul 2562-8100, 2261-9971
Recommended Insurance Posture
Supplemental medical insurance with specific overseas coverage, including a provision
for medical evacuation, has been useful in many emergencies. The Embassy recommends
visitors consider purchasing private air medical insurance before traveling to Costa Rica.
facts about costa rica
http://ticotimes.com/costa-rica/trivia-odd-weird-facts

weird Laws in costa rica


- you can drink while driving as long as you are not intoxicated.

Panama
Crime rates- high
Panama is
relatively safe compared to other central american countries but the crime rate is still
higher than the United States. Some common crimes include kidnapping, fraud, theft, drug
related crimes, low environmental hazards. Homicide rates are falling each year
U.S. citizens should exercise caution near the campus of the University of Panama and
the National Assembly, which have been the scenes of protests.
Outside the city limits, RSO and COM have designated the Mosquito Coast (Caribbean
side) and the Darien Region (Colombian border) as off limits to all COM personnel. Both
areas are extremely rural, usually with limited police presence and medical capabilities,
and commonly used by smugglers and gangs to move illegal drugs.
Panama reported seizing approximately 35 metric tons of drugs in 2014, down from 41
metric tons in 2013. The increase and subsequent decrease in violent crime from
2007-2013 has paralleled the increase and decrease of drug seizures.
The number of reported kidnappings and detentions increased in 2014. Following a
downward trend in earlier years, the Ministry of Public Security reported an increase to
96 kidnappings in 2013, with the number decreasing to 49 in 2014. Crime statistics
reflected in PNP source documents may have been under-reported in 2014 due to the
phased roll out of a new reporting system that may not have captured monthly reports
from earlier in the year. It is estimated that actual crime rates may be 15-20 percent
higher than reported.

U.S. citizens traveling by road outside Panama City should have full fuel tanks, keep
extra potable water and food in their vehicles, and ensure cell phones are charged during
their travel.
There is a continuing risk of various types of fraud schemes, the most common being the
unauthorized use of credit cards, either by a clerk skimming/recording the number for
later illegal use or through inflated charges. Travelers in Panama should pay close
attention to their credit card receipts before they sign them and be very observant when
handing someone their credit card.
Watch out for con artists who are posing as U.S. citizens in distress and/or who ask for
financial assistance.
Keep a low personal profile. Do not flash cash or wear expensive jewelry.

Political Violence Rating: Medium


The presence of Colombian terrorist groups, drug traffickers, and other criminals is
common around the Panama-Colombia border area, increasing the danger to travelers in
that area.

Terrorism Rating: Low


Protests are relatively common. Demonstrations often focus on internal Panamanian
issues (students rights, labor disputes, etc.)
Environment Hazards
Earthquakes occur. The central corridor of Panama is at a lower seismic risk than either
Colombia or Costa Rica; however, there are several fault lines in Panama. During the
rainy season, torrential rains, particularly in October-December, cause mudslides, road
closures, and flooding.
Flooding between April-December (rainy season) can make city streets impassible and
may wash out some roads in the interior. In addition, roads in rural areas are often poorly
maintained and lack illumination at night.
Police Response
Incidents of police harassing foreigners for bribes are uncommon.
The Panamanian National Police (PNP) have a special unit (Tourism Police) to deal with
crimes against tourists and foreigners. The PNP have sub-stations in all the major
regions in Panama and numerous offices in Panama City. Their performance and
responsiveness to incidents involving Americans has been good.
Government
Type- Constitutional Democracy
People elect those who govern and pass laws
Emergency Information

If you believe a medical problem is a life threatening emergency, go directly to the nearest
hospital emergency room or call an ambulance. FIRST AID FOR POISONING- Poison Center in
United States (001-800 222-1222 or 001-202-625-3333).
Panama City has excellent trauma hospitals; however, most other communities have lesser
services, facilities, and/or clinics. Ambulance service outside the urban centers is non-existent.
For medical emergencies call 911 and fire emergencies call 103.
Contact Information for Recommended Hospitals/Clinics
Hospital Emergency Rooms
Centro Medico Paitilla
Calle 53 & Ave. Balboa, Marbella
Emergency Room 265-8888 / 8880
Hospital Nacional
Ave Cuba & Calle 39
Emergency Room 207-8110
Clinica Hospital San Fernando
Via Espaa, Las Sabanas
Emergency Room 305-6305
Hospital Punta Pacifica
Boulevard Pacifica, Via Punta Darien
Emergency Room 507-204-8185
Recommended Air Ambulance Services
Air ambulance support is from the U.S.
Recommended Insurance Posture
Travelers with medical conditions may wish to consider medevac insurance prior to visiting
Panama. Individuals are expected to pay for medical services with cash at the time of the
service; however some hospitals accept U.S. insurance cards with a deposit payment. Hospitals
will accept international credit cards.
Laws
Whentravelingtoanycountry,youaresubjecttolocallaws,andaseriousviolationmayresultinarrestand
subsequentimprisonment.Whileit'sobviouslybesttosteerclearofanyknownillegalactivityaltogether,you

mustalsounderstandthoselawsapplicabletoyouaswellasthosewhichmaydifferfromtheonesyouare
familiarwith.

OtherLawsToConsider

Panamanianlawrequiresallindividualstocarryofficialidentificationdocumentsatalltimes.Failureto
produceidentificationuponrequestmayresultintravelersbeingtakentojailandchargedafine.
UnderthePanamanianPenalCode,knowinglytransmittingsexuallytransmitteddiseasesisacrime.
Theremaybecurfewsforminorsunder18yearsofageinPanamaCity.Minorscirculatingalonelateat
nightinPanamaCitymaybedetainedbypoliceuntiltheirparentscanbecontactedifthepolicejudgethat
theyareinvolvedinsuspiciousactivities.Finesmayalsobeimposed.
Itisillegaltowalkaroundanytown,cityorpublicplace,otherthanabeach,withoutashirt.Whilethismay
soundmorelikeajobforthefashionpolice,thislawisenforcedbyPanamapolice.Althoughonly
punishablebyfine,itisbesttocarryalightshirtwithyou,justincase.

Mexico
crime rates: critical
Crime varies widely. Armed robberies, kidnappings, car thefts, credit card fraud, and
various forms of residential/street crime are daily concerns. The low rate of criminal
convictions contributes to the
high crime rate
. Although there is no pattern of criminals
specifically targeting foreign or American businesses or personnel, criminals will target
anyone perceived as sufficiently lucrative and vulnerable. Criminals select victims based
on an appearance of prosperity, vulnerability, or a lack of awareness. Theft of the
vehicles operating computer is a common crime, as is the theft of car sound systems.
Although
Mexico employs strict gun-control laws, criminals are usually armed with
handguns (or knives).
northern half Mexico was considered a
higher threat area,
primarily due to organized
criminal conflicts and competition for drug trafficking routes to the U.S. Recent
statistics,
however, show that violence is on the rise in central and southern states,

particularly in Guerrero, Michoacn, and the State of Mexico.


One common practice is
for gangs to charge protection fees or add their own tax to products and services with
the threat of violence for those who fail to pay. Some criminal groups will mandate that
individuals or even whole communities work for them as lookouts or couriers. Still
others will threaten municipal and state level administrators into accepting corrupt
practices.
Beheadings, lynching, torture, and other gruesome displays of violence as
well as high numbers of forced disappearances have become routine occurrences in
various parts of the country, to include in the Mexico City metropolitan area.
Numerous journalists and bloggers have been killed over the past few years for
reporting on such incidents.
Mexico is experiencing a combination of conditions that collectively degrade the
security environment in certain areas. The government has had
recent successes in
capturing some of its most wanted criminals; consequently, organized criminal groups
are becoming much less organized and disciplined
. Various groups have splintered into
smaller gangs, which have branched out into different illegal business activities, and the
associated violence is spreading across Mexico.
Areas of Concern
According to the Procuraduria General de Justicia del Distrito Federal and the Secretaria
Publica del Distrito Federal, the following city boroughs routinely have the highest number of
crimes reported in 2014: Iztapalapa, Cuauhtmoc, Gustavo A. Madero, Benito Jurez,
Coyoacan, and Tlalpan.
The Embassy strictly controls U.S. government employees travel to several parts of the
Embassys district, including the states of Guerrero and Michoacn.
FreightWatch considers the State of Mexico, Guanajuato, and Veracruz to be the three
most dangerous states to transport cargo in Mexico.

Transportation-Safety Situation
Road Safety and Road Conditions
Road conditions vary widely in cities and on the highways. The quality of road markings,
signage, and street lighting is inconsistent. Accidents involving heavy trucks or buses are
common on the highways, especially if you are near urban areas To reduce the risk of
being exposed to criminal activity and accidents, you are highly advised to travel only
during daylight hours, to avoid isolated roads, and to use main highways and toll roads
wherever possible.
Before embarking on a road trip, ensure that your vehicle is in good operating condition,
paying particular attention to the engine, tires, brakes, head/tail lights, spare tire/jack,
horn, and fluid levels. On longer trips to remote areas, try to travel with other vehicles
and advise someone of your travel plans (including anticipated arrival and departure

times and contact numbers). The following items are recommended for extended road
trips: water; cellular telephone with charger (although some areas between cities lack
coverage); maps and a GPS device; spare tire; first aid kit; fire extinguisher; jumper
cables; flares/reflectors; emergency tool kit; and a commercially available 406 beacon, if
traveling in remote rural locations.
Public Transportation Conditions
The Embassy does not recommend using libre taxis, as they are poorly regulated and
often criminally-linked enterprises that pick up fares on the street after being hailed by
customers. Sitio or radio dispatched taxis are far safer, more reliable, and are worth the
added expense. These types of taxis cannot be hailed off the street and must be ordered
by phone or met at a designated taxi stand. To request a taxi, call, or have the merchant
you are visiting call, a radio dispatched "sitio" taxi. Twenty-four hour radio taxi service is
available at 5516-6020 and 3626-9800 to 30. Sitio taxis in Mexico City are most often
metered and registered by the government. Sitio taxis from Benito Juarez
International Airport are paid in advance in the terminal (at the sitio stands) and are
well regulated. In addition, the Embassy permits car services that can be requested
online via phone/tablet applications, which allow consumers to verify the driver and
vehicle number, such as Uber, Yaxi, Lift, etc.
Visitors should travel by intercity bus only during daylight hours and only by first-class
conveyance whenever possible. Although there have been several reports of bus
hijackings and robberies on toll roads, buses on toll roads have experienced a lower rate
of incidents than buses (second- and third-class) that travel on less secure, "libre"
highways. Bus travel through Tamaulipas is especially hazardous. Public and private
passenger buses traveling through Tamaulipas are sometimes targeted by organized
criminal groups that take all passengers hostage and demand ransom payments.
In Mexico City, municipal buses and the Metro (subway) are generally safe to use.
Non-municipal buses ("micros") are not well regulated and are not recommended.
City
buses and the Metro may be crowded, and passengers should be on the alert for
pickpockets and other thieves, especially on the most crowded, busiest routes during
rush hour. Passengers should take care to protect their belongings and valuables
.
There have been occasional reports of significant security incidents
(apart from theft) on tourist buses in and around Mexico City and to nearby tourist
destinations. Buses from Mexico City to the pyramids of Teotihuacan have been stopped
and all passengers robbed.

Aviation/Airport Conditions
There are plenty of air connections within Mexico, and the Embassy recommends that its
employees fly, rather than drive, to many destinations.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence

Political Violence Rating: High


Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns
There are no known foreign terrorist organizations operating in Mexico, and there is no
evidence that any terrorist group has targeted U.S. citizens in Mexican territory. Mexico
does not provide a safe haven to terrorists or terrorist groups. The government passed
amendments to its Federal Penal Code that strengthened the countrys legal framework
to address acts of terrorism, including terrorist financing. Authorities cooperate well
with relevant U.S government agencies on persons of interest. Criminal organizations
have used terror-like tactics (car bombs and grenades) to attack each other and security
forces. They also commit gruesome acts of violence designed to terrorize; however, the
effects of these acts seem directed largely at rival gangs.

Terrorism Rating: Low


Anti-American/Anti-Western Sentiment
American interests in Mexico City are generally not targets of political violence. Peaceful
demonstrations of all sizes gather regularly at the Monument to Independency (the
Angel) near the U.S.
Environmental Hazards
In 1985, Mexico City was hit by one of the most devastating earthquakes in the history
of the Americas. The earthquake measured 8.1. According to official government
statistics, at least 9,000 people were killed, 30,000 injured, and 100,000 left homeless.
Over 400 buildings were destroyed and over 3,000 seriously damaged. The government
expects that another significant earthquake could occur at any time. Although there
have been substantial improvements in building regulations and response planning,
there is no guarantee that there would not be significant damage, injuries and loss of life
again. On April 18, 2014, central Mexico was rocked by a 7.5 earthquake. Then on May 8,
2014, a 6.4 earthquake was registered in Guerrero, 171 miles southwest of Mexico City.
Earthquakes within the Embassys consular districts are routine, especially in the Pacific
coast states.
Volcanoes, both active and dormant, are scattered throughout central Mexico. One of
the countrys largest volcanoes, Popocatepetl, is only 43 miles southeast of Mexico City
and has had several low-level eruptions in the past several of years. Travelers should be
aware that the government prevents access to the mountain and has closed it to
climbers and hikers. According to public safety officials, travelers to the area should have
N-95 filter masks available in case ash falls on them. Clouds of ash associated with
volcanic activity can limit air travel and make evacuation by air difficult.

Drug-related Crimes

Although drug smuggling organizations have existed for decades, they became more
powerful as control shifted away from Colombian cartels in the 1990s. Violence
between rival organizations increased dramatically over the last decade, as they fought
each other and the government for control of production areas, trafficking routes, and
local markets.

Kidnapping Threat
The number of kidnappings reported throughout Mexico is of particular concern. The
overall numbers of kidnapping incidents are difficult to determine because most of the
cases are not reported to authorities. While kidnappings can occur anywhere, according
to Mexican government statistics, Tamaulipas, Guerrero, Michoacn, Estado de Mexico,
and Morelos recorded the highest kidnapping rates in the country in 2014. According to
government statistics in 2013, kidnappings increased by 20 percent, compared with
2012. According to another government study, Mexico suffered an estimated 131,946
kidnappings (including traditional, virtual, and express kidnappings; of which only 1,698
were reported to the police) in 2013. Police (or former law enforcement officials) have
been implicated in many of these incidents.
majority of cases reported to the U.S. Embassy have been kidnapping for ransom (KFR)
cases, while the number of reported express kidnappings is low. There were 63 reported
kidnapping events in Mexico Citys consular district and over 200 incidents for all of
Mexico with a U.S. nexus. These figures include U.S. citizens, Legal Permanent Residents,
and cases in which the primary victim was neither a U.S. citizen nor a LPR, but in which
an extortion call was made to U.S. citizen family members in the U.S.
During July and August 2014, the media reported that at least three gangs were
operating in Valle de Bravo, and at least 10 kidnappings had taken place.
some KFR cases, a ransom is paid, and the victim set free, but in other cases the victims
are killed despite having paid a ransom. The general practice on the part of the victims
family or friends is not to notify authorities, as the popular belief is that the police may
be involved in the crime or are unable to resolve the situation. Affluent residents in
Mexico City often have bodyguards and armored vehicles for their families to prevent
them from being kidnapped.

Crime Victim Assistance


Travelers may contact the Consular Section at the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City for
assistance in dealing with the police. If involved in a traffic accident or victimized by
crime, one may be required to accompany the investigating officer to the local police
station to file a complaint or respond to questions. Should a police report be required for
an insurance claim, a nominal fee will be charged.
Host Nation Police Emergency: 066 (similar to 911 in the U.S.)
Fire Department: 068
Ambulance: 065 (Red Cross)

Consejo Ciudadano de Seguridad Publica y Procuracion de Justicia del Distrito Federal (in
Mexico City, takes complaints from those afraid to go to the police): 5533-5533
Police/Security Agencies
Procuraduria General de la Republica (PGR) - Office of the Mexican Attorney General is
responsible for investigating and prosecuting federal crimes.
Secretary of Interior (Secretara de Gobernacin, SEGOB) - Oversees Federal Police
forces. The Federal Police are approximately 38,000 strong and are present in all
Mexican states. Oversees the Mexican Immigration Service (INAMI), whose officers
have the right to detain suspected undocumented aliens and, under certain conditions,
may deport them without formal deportation proceedings.
Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (Secretara de Hacienda y Crdito Pblico) Customs officers (Aduana) are deployed at borders and at international airports to
interdict contraband entering Mexico.
The Bank of Mexico (Banco de Mxico) - Operates its own security division, which is
charged with enforcing banking and monetary laws, including cases of counterfeiting,
fraud, and money laundering.
Procuraduria General de Justicia (PGJ) - Local Mexican Attorney in each state/city, in
charge of investigating and prosecuting state and local crimes.
State Police - Each of the country's 31 states and the Federal District maintain both
preventive and judicial police. State police are under the direction of the state's
governor.
Municipal Police - Each state contains numerous municipalities and within each
municipality exist a municipal police force.
Military Forces - Over the last seven years, the Mexican Army and Navy have been
heavily involved in anti-crime initiatives as they combat organized criminal groups.

Medical Emergencies
Contact Information for Recommended Hospitals/Clinics
ABC HOSPITAL (OBSERVATORIO)
Sur 136 No. 116 Col. Las Amricas,
01120 Mxico, D.F.
Tel: 5230-8000
ABC HOSPITAL (SANTA FE)
Av. Carlos Graef Fernndez 154 (enter from Av. Vasco de Quiroga), Col. Tlaxala Santa Fe,
Cuajimalpa, 05300 Mxico, D.F.
Tel: 1103-1600; Emergencies: 1103-1666 (Spanish)

HOSPITAL ESPANOL
EJRCITO NACIONAL #613, G No. 613, Granada, Col. Polanco, (Miguel Hidalgo)
11520 Mxico, D.F.
Tel: 5255-9600
HOSPITAL ANGELES DE LAS LOMAS
AV, VIALIDAD DE LA BARRANCA No. 22, Col. Valle de Las Palmas
52763 Huixquilucan, Edo. De Mxico
Tel: 5246-5000, Emergencies: 5246-5092, 5246-5093
Recommended Air Ambulance Services
The RSO does not endorse any specific private insurance or air ambulance company. The
following list is for informational purposes only:
Advanced Air Ambulance 800-633-3590 or 305-232-7700
Air Ambulance Professionals 800-752-4195 or 954-730-9300
Tips on How to Avoid Becoming a Victim
To reduce the likelihood of receiving a virtual kidnapping call: Answer the phone with
hello and make the other person ask for you by name; Know the details of your familys
travel and location (where they are supposed to be, who they are supposed to be with,
etc.) and contact information (land-line and cell phone numbers); Never provide personal
information to someone who calls or approaches you; and Do not post personal
information on social networking sites.

Situational Awareness Best Practices


Visitors should be familiar with the Departments latest travel warning for Mexico, use
strong personal security practices and recognize that crime can occur in any place and at
any time. Maintain a low profile: Do not advertise the fact that you are American. Dress
casually, keep valuables out of sight, and do not draw attention to yourself with your
actions. Vary your routine: Be unpredictable in your movements, vary your routes from
home to the office as well as your departure and arrival times. Be alert to possible
surveillance: Note any individual who appears out of place along your routes to regularly
scheduled activities, such as going from home to office. Be alert to your surroundings:
Minimize valuables and do not carry large sums of money while in crowded, urban areas.
Be aware of popular scams and robbery tactics used to distract your attention.

Exercise caution when utilizing credit or debit cards in ATM or dubious locales. There
are numerous reports in which U.S. citizens have had their card numbers skimmed and
the money in their debit accounts stolen or their credit cards fraudulently charged
(Skimming is the theft of credit card information by an employee of a legitimate
merchant or bank, manually copying down numbers or using a magnetic stripe reader, or
using a camera and skimmer installed in an ATM). In addition to skimming, the risk of
physical theft of credit or debit cards also exists. To prevent such theft, the Embassy
recommends that travelers keep close track of their personal belongings when out and
about and that they only carry what they need. Make copies of what you carry so if
victimized the credit cards can be cancelled quickly. If travelers choose to use credit
cards, they should regularly check their account status to ensure its integrity. Try to use
ATMs in bank branches during business hours.
Wearing expensive jewelry, watches, and displays of large amounts of cash draw
unwanted attention. Jewelry, especially expensive watches, and cellular phones can be
sold easily in vast illegal markets. Avoid wearing jewelry, especially watches that are or
appear expensive. Never leave shopping bags or merchandise unattended. When
grocery shopping always carry your purse with you. Never leave it in your cart, even for a
few seconds.
When hiring domestic help, vet them by identifying references. Ensure that they are
trained not to volunteer information to strangers or to allow access of workers without
prior authorization.
Mitigating the cargo theft risk is possible by taking the proper precautions, such as
avoiding highways known to be dangerous for cargo, using high-tech locks, and avoiding
driving at night, according to FreightWatch.
One simple way to lessen ones chances of becoming a victim of street crime in Mexico
City is to avoid the use of "libre" taxi cabs.

Laws to be considerate of
Clergymen may not wear their religious garb in public.
Boneshakers, safety bicycles, and any other similar machines are banned from the
center of town.
Bicycle riders may not lift either foot from the peddles, as it might result in a loss of
control.
During Holy Week, no horses or wheeled transport is allowed in the city.
All males must wear trousers, and such groups of employees as hack drivers and
newspaper delivery boys must adopt uniforms.
it is illegal to shout offensive words in any public place.

Peru
OverallCrimeandSafetySituation
CrimeRating:Critical
CrimeThreats

TheRegionalSecurityOffice(RSO)considersthefollowingneighborhoodstobe
relativelysafe:Miraflores,SanIsidro,Barranco,LaMolina,Camacho,SanBorja,
Monterrico,andtheeasternsectionofSurco.Thereisnoguaranteethatcrimewillnot
occurintheseareasandcaremuststillbeexercised,particularlyatnight.Crimeisa
constantprobleminLimaandmostotherpartsofPeru.Streetcrimeisprevalentinmost
urbanareas,especiallyinLima.AllU.S.andforeignvisitorsarevulnerabletocrime,as
theyareoftenperceivedtobewealthierthanthelocalpopulaceandmorelikelytobe
carryinggreateramountsofcashandothervaluables.

Pickpocketing,pursesnatching,smashandgrabrobberies,theftsfromunoccupied
vehicles,andtheftsofvehicleparts(mirrors,lights,etc.)arecommoncrimes.Electronics
(especiallycameras,laptops,GPSs,smartphones,IPods,etc.)rankhighonthelistof
itemsthatcriminalstarget.

Vehicletheft(includingcarjacking)andtheftofpartsfromparkedvehiclesoccur
frequently.Sportutilityvehiclesandsedanswithexpensiveupgradesarethemost
commontypesofvehiclestargetedbycarjackers.

CounterfeitcurrencyisasignificantprobleminPeru,toincludeEuros,NuevoSoles,
Bolivianos,andPesosChilenos.AccordingtotheU.S.SecretService,Peruranksas
oneofthetopproducersofcounterfeitU.S.currencyintheworld.ThePNPseizedover
$35millionincounterfeitU.S.currencybetween20122014.

Creditcardfraudisrampant,andmanytravelershavereportedthetheftoftheircard
numbers.

Residentialburglaries,mostlyofsinglefamilyhomes,occuronaregularbasis.While
U.S.Embassypersonnelandforeignresidentsnormallyresideinaffluentareaswhere
privatesecurityandlocalpolicearemoreeffective,theycanstillfindthemselvesvictims
ofcrime.Residentialburglariesaremostcommonduringtheday,onweekends,or
holidayswhenhousesareleftvacant.Thievesoftengainentrybyexploitingunsecured
entryways,trickingdomesticemployees,orforcingaccesstoperimeterdoorswhenthe
homeisvacant(orappearsvacant).

Armedrobberies,assaults,expresskidnappings,carjackings,burglaries,andpettytheft
areadailyfactoflifeinPeru.Whilegratuitousviolencecommittedagainstforeignersis
infrequent,accordingtoPeruvianNationalPolice(PNP)statistics,assaultsand
robberiesinvolvingviolencehavebeenontheriseoverthelastfiveyears.Violentcrime,
especiallycrimesofopportunity(robbery,carjacking,vehiclethefts,kidnapping),has
beenontheincreaseoverthelastfewyears.

Perusmurderratedroppedslightlywith1,533murderscommittedin2014,
approximately136lessthan2013and112morethan2012.

Counterfeitandpiratedgoodsarewidelyavailable.Itemsproducedanddistributedby
counterfeitersareoftensubstandardandcanevenbedangerous,posinghealthand
safetyrisksthatrangefrommildtolifethreatening.Theseitemsmaybeillegalinthe
U.S.andcontributenegativelytosocialandlaborissues.

Restricted:ProvincesofLaMarandHuanta.RoadtravelfromAyacuchoCitytoSan
FranciscoCity.
Permitted:DaylightroadtravelfromAyacuchoCitytoHuantaCity.Stayingwithinthecity
limitsofHuanta.DaylightroadtravelfromPiscoCity(Icadepartment)toAyacuchoCity.
Cusco
Restricted:20kilometerswathofterritorycontiguoustotheApurimacRiverandAyacucho
department(specifically:thedistrictsofKimbiri,Pichari,Vilcabamba,andEcharateinthe
provinceofLaConvencon).
Permitted:Everywhereelse,includingMachuPicchuandCusco.
Huancavelica
Restricted:provincesofChurcampa,Acobamba,andTayacaja.
Permitted:TraintravelfromLimatoHuancayoCity(Junindepartment)andHuancavelica
City.DaylightroadtravelfromLimatoHuancayoCity.DaylightroadtravelfromPiscoCity
(Icadepartment)toAyacuchoCity(Ayacuchodepartment).
Hunuco
Restricted:AllzonesnogroundtravelispermittedwithouttheapprovaloftheDCM.
Permitted:FlyingintoandstayingwithinthecitylimitsofHunucoCityandTingoMaraCity.
Junn

Restricted:provinceofSatipo.InConcepcionprovince,traveleastofSanAntoniodeOcopa
andSantaRosa(locatednortheastofConcepcioncity).ThedistrictsofSantoDomingode
AcobambaandPariahuancainHuancayoprovince.
Permitted:DaylighttravelfromLaMercedCitytotheSatipoprovincialboundary.
Loreto
Restricted:20kilometerswathofterritorycontiguoustotheColombiaborder.Travelonthe
PutumayoRiver.
SanMartn
Restricted:provincesofTocache,MariscalCaceres,Huallaga,andBellavista.
Permitted:FlyingonlyintoandremainingwithinthecitylimitsofTocacheCity,SaposoaCity,
JuanjuiCity,andBellavistaCity.
Ucayali
Restricted:provincesofPadreAbadandCoronelPortillowestofPucallpaCityandwestof
theUcayaliRiver.RoadtravelfromPucallpaCitytoAguaytiaCityandallcitieswestof
Aguaytia.
Permitted:FlyingintoandremainingwithinthecitylimitsofPucallpaCityandAguaytaCity.
TheprovinceofCoronelPortilloeastoftheUcayaliRiver.

HighwaysandotherroadsinPeruareinoverallpoorcondition,creatingaserioussafety
threattodrivers.InformationonroadconditionsandroadsafetycanbefoundonPerus
ConsularInformation
TravelingoutsideofLimabyroadatnightishazardousduetopotentialdomesticterrorist
and/orcriminalactivity.
Crimeoccursonroads,particularlyatnightandoutsideurbanareas.Criminalgangsare
knowntouseroadblocksandrobpassengersinpassingcarsandbuses.Clandestine,
imprompturoadblockscanappearonmajorhighways.Theriskisevengreateronrural
roadsafterdark.
NumerousAmericanshavereportedthetheftofpassports,cameras,andothervaluableson
overnightbusridesbythievestakingadvantageofsleepingpassengersoraccessingtheir
stowedluggageinthecargoareawhenitisopenedduringscheduledstops.

Contactsfortravel
TaxiTurismoArequipa
054458080
TaxiAlfredoPimental
054235050
Taxitel
054452020
TaxiMegatur
054404040
TaxiMaldonado
054286933
Panataxi
054427878
TaxiTurismoCayma
054458989
FonoTaxi
054453737
ArequpaMovilTaxi
054265959
ImperialTours
054273434
AmericanExpress
054456464
IncaTour
054452121
TaxiLibre
054451515

Peru
Crime rating- critical
CrimeisaconstantprobleminLimaandmostotherpartsofPeru.Streetcrimeis

prevalentinmosturbanareas,especiallyinLima.AllU.S.andforeignvisitorsare
vulnerabletocrime,astheyareoftenperceivedtobewealthierthanthelocal
populaceandmorelikelytobecarryinggreateramountsofcashandothervaluables.
Pickpocketing,pursesnatching,smashandgrabrobberies,theftsfromunoccupied
vehicles,andtheftsofvehicleparts(mirrors,lights,etc.)arecommoncrimes.
Electronics(especiallycameras,laptops,GPSs,smartphones,IPods,etc.)rankhigh
onthelistofitemsthatcriminalstarget.

CounterfeitcurrencyisasignificantprobleminPeru,toincludeEuros,NuevoSoles,
Bolivianos,andPesosChilenos.AccordingtotheU.S.SecretService,Peruranksas
oneofthetopproducersofcounterfeitU.S.currencyintheworld.ThePNPseized
over$35millionincounterfeitU.S.currencybetween20122014.
Residentialburglaries,mostlyofsinglefamilyhomes,occuronaregularbasis.While
U.S.Embassypersonnelandforeignresidentsnormallyresideinaffluentareaswhere
privatesecurityandlocalpolicearemoreeffective,theycanstillfindthemselves
victimsofcrime.Residentialburglariesaremostcommonduringtheday,on
weekends,orholidayswhenhousesareleftvacant.
Armedrobberies,assaults,expresskidnappings,carjackings,burglaries,andpetty
theftareadailyfactoflifeinPeru.