You are on page 1of 14

Cell Division and

Specialization Packet
Parts I and II

What is this type of organism like?


Unicellular
- Very Small,
Microscopic

Multicellular
- Can be small or
large

- Made up of only
one cell that can
do all of lifes
functions

- Made of many
cells
- Has specialized
cells

What is an example?
Unicellular
Prokaryotes
(bacteria)
Eukaryotes:
Protists (ameoba,
paramecium,
euglena)

Multicellular
Trees, plants,
flowers, people,
etc

Draw a picture?
Unicellular

Multicellular

How does this type of organism


get bigger?
Unicellular

Multicellular

Single celled
organisms expand
until they reach a
certain point, then
they divide in two.
When a single celled
organism divides, it
makes a new
organism.

Multicellular
organisms carry out
cell division to make
more cells. As they
make more cells they
get larger.

How big can organisms


get?
Unicellular

Multicellular

Controlled by how much


cytoplasm a cell can make and
how large the cell membrane is.

Can get VERY large.

Cells make cytoplasm by taking in


water and other compounds.
Still an individual cell
microscopic.

(Whales, Giant Sequoias)

1. Describe Cell Division


Cell division is the process by which one cell
becomes two. As cells divide, they can become
specialized cells.

What is a stem cell?


Stem cells are

cells that are


not
differentiated.
They are the
cells from
which all other
cells come.

What is the difference between and embryonic


stem cell and an adult stem cell?
Embryonic stem cells come from embryos

that are 3-5 days old. Adult stem cells are


found in small numbers in most adult tissues.
Embryonic stem cells can become almost any
type of cells.
Adult stems cells are much more limited in
what kinds of cells they can become. Usually,
they are used for repair of the tissues they
reside in.

Draw a picture of what an embryonic


stem cell can do vs. an stem
cell.
Adultadult
Stem Cells
(More Limited)
Embryonic
Stem Cells

What are two places you have stems cells in your


body? What kinds of cells do these stem cells
produce?

Stem cells in bone marrow make blood cells


Stem cells found in skin produce new skin

cells
More examples: Stem cells are also found in
muscles and the brain. These stem cells
create new muscle cells or neurons.

What are some possible uses for stem cells in


the area of medical research and treatment?
Stem cell therapy = regenerative medicine
Uses stem cells to repair or replace
damaged/diseased tissue.
Cells are grown in a lab and then implanted into
a person.
Stem cell transplants = bone marrow

transplants
Bone marrow from a donor can produce new,

healthy cells in a person who cant make their


own.

Why are some people against the use of stem cells


in the area of medical research and treatment?
Stem cells come from early stage embryos.
Taking cells away from an early stage embryo
means that the embryo cannot develop
normally.

How do you feel about the use of stem cells in


the area of medical research and treatment?