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PRESENTED BY: Jennifer Alexandra Ros Rojas

Eyleen Useche Montes



One of the areas of intervention the social work is mental health, this is a problem
It has taken a lot of strength globally. Next we begin to define mental health:
The Mental Health It is defined as a welfare state in which the individual realizes
his or her own abilities you may face tensions normal life you can work productively
and is able to make a contribution to their community. (OMS)
Objective General: Analyze the situation and dynamics of families than having
household members with mental illness. From the method providing individual and
family intervention tools roles, communication and responsibility.
Objectives Specific:
Theoretically deepen the dynamics of families who have patients with
mental difficulties, taking the most common diseases such as
schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder.
Provide recommendations for improve quality of life the caretaker of
the person who has a disease in the area of mental health.
Some of the diseases that make up the area of mental health are:

SCHIZOPHRENIA: It is a psychiatric diagnosis used for a group of people

with chronic and severe mental disorders often characterized by behaviors
that are abnormal for the community lack of perception of reality changes in

perception and in the expression of altered reality.

DEPRESSION: Mental disease or disorder It is characterized by a deep
sadness, low mood, low self-esteem loss of interest in everything and

decreased mental functions

BIPOLAR DISORDER: It is a severe mental illness, People who suffer
experience unusual mood changes they can go from being very active and
happy feel very sad and hopeless.


Caregivers of people with mental difficulties, are usually members of the family
very close to the patient, who have a very strong bond and therefore spend much
time caring for these people.
The carer leaves his personal life and his life project, Quality of life is a state of
satisfaction generally derived from the realization of the potentialities from the
person (ARDILA, R. 2003 p. 162)
This creates in caregivers moods of sadness, anger, powerlessness makes them
vulnerable and require attention to overcome these difficulties.

Previous they are just some examples of mental illness, but really are many and
when a family member family has any of them radically changes the dynamics of
the family system, that is where the social worker does his work educated
regarding regarding the pathology Stabilizing the family, contributing to the process
of adaptation, as well as developing the strategies necessary for proper quality of
life for who has the disease.
"According to a study in 2013 Because of the different situations we face every day
at work, on the street, in the family, in college, etc., is need receive an objective
orientation that allows us to channel thoughts, ideas, feelings, views and ways to
act upon any problems. For those already suffering from a specific mental illness,
timely intervention by a multidisciplinary team that can help solve or cope with the
least possible interference in the daily lives of patients and their relationships with
others is necessary" (AMAYA, 2015. S p )
At this time the stress is one of the consequences that the area of mental health
should attend and this is multiplying by the accumulation of fatigue or opportunity
to seek solutions to difficulties in daily life.
The Mental Health associated interpersonal and socials relations according the
Tobon "The European Conference on Promotion of Mental Health and Social
Inclusion held in Tampere in 1999.4 highlights the importance of mental health and

the need for action in the area of primary health care through the promocione of
mental health , promoting the exchange of good health practices and encouraging
and supporting the promotion and research on disorders and mental illness
"(Tobon, 2005, s.p)
It is very important that the State Colombian provides resources for the prevention
of mental illness, the law in mental health 1616 the 2013 which seeks to guarantee
the right to mental health, through the General System of Social Security in Health,
regulated by Law 100 of 1993. Since many of these diseases can be treated and
improved with professional intervention right. This enables the individual to return
to be part of society, regaining its life goals and strengthened as family relations
first, then this is the place where the person receiving mental health treatment can
overcome the difficulties easier.
According to figures from the National Mental Health Study 2013, conducted in
Colombia, "for every 100 people who consult general practitioners, 26 do so for
mental disorders being the most common disorders of anxiety, affecting 19 out of
100 people. The second place is occupied by mood disorder afflicting the 15% of
the population and in the third place, the psychoactive substance in 10.6%.
(AMAYA, 2015. S.p)
The National Study of Mental Health in Colombia in 2003 showed the which
according to sex, age, educational level, marital status, working condition, Social
Security System in Health. The previous ones are factors of great influence on the
health of Colombians.


The social work have the social worker has a large field of intervention with the
families, since the contribution we can make is in regards to issues such as, the
family dynamic, crisis intervention, strengthening networks etc.

The social worker's priority meet the caregiver of people who have mental
difficulties. It is important to make an intervention at the individual and household
Starting with a home visit to meet the family a little more verify family relationships,
socioeconomic conditions, and initiate an accompaniment to enhance or decrease,
problems encountered within families.
It is important to conclude with the caregiver intervention sessions, to address
topics such as life planning, stress management, search for activities outside the
home they are highly motivated to user or caregiver.
It is also important to make a plan for monitoring where it is performed the
accomplishment of tasks by the caregiver from where it is the promoter of
For example:

Detect that actions the caregiver take when you are tired, irritated a result of

be long looking after home the patient

Check that situations give more stability to who has the disease
what skills a person has
who in the family has greater control of the patient

Knowing this information allow:

promote the development of the patient based on their skills

ensure that links are made narrower
avoid situations that put stability at risk patient
act in times of crisis opportunely

Another tool with which it has It is the legal aspect since there mechanism provide
economic support or personnel as required by the patient.


OMS, Organizacin Mundial de la Salud, Diciembre de 2013. tomado de

Tobn M., F. . (2005). La salud mental: una visin acerca de su atencin

integral. Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pblica, 23(1) Recuperado de

AMAYA Escobar Alexandra. Las enfermedades mentales una realidad

actual. Revista Nova et Vetera. Vol 1, N 04 de Mayo de 2015. Recuperado


FUNDACIN FES-SOCIAL Estudio Nacional de salud Mental Colombia
2003, recuperado de