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Amie Klawitter
Deanna Hasting
NRSG 100
October 2, 2015
Outline of Scholarly Article
1. History:
a. History of Madeleine Lieninger:
i. Madeleine Lieninger began working as a psychiatric clinical nurse
specialist in the 1950s.
b. What was nursing practice at the time:
i. Before Madeleine a lot of people taught healing came from medicine and
technique. She began working with children on their behavior and
examining their life style and culture.
c. Changes:
i. Leiniger made cultural respect part of her healing process. Her nursing
knowledge included culture, values, belief, dignity, and the way the
caring for humans. Leininger stated that caring is the most important
when working as a nurse to improve patient health.