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Breanna Payson

GCU 114
Professor Weins
Biodiversity and Cultural Diversity
Biodiversity and Cultural Diversity in Sweden
For my Essay on Biodiversity and Cultural Diversity in Sweden I
decided to do paper on part one which was to discover connections
between cultural identity and the biodiversity of plants and animals in
Sweden. There are two main topics that I am going to cover in this
essay; culture identity of the Swedes and the biodiversity of the
various plants and animals in Sweden.
Culture in Sweden has evolved over the years, but there are also
many things about their way of life that have not changed. The
Swedes are known for smiling often, but speaking less. The general
attitude is, if theres something interesting or important to say, say it,
otherwise talking for talkings sake is overrated. (Lamson) Swedes
have had traditions that have lasted centuries and there are other
things that they have recently adopted into their lifestyles and
cultures. While researching I found that there are things about Sweden
that have changed over the years that make the country more diverse.
There are many different languages in Sweden; although many people
believe that Arabic is the official language of Sweden it is actually
Yiddish and there are over 200 languages spoken. Sweden also has the

largest group of immigrants in their country. As well as languages the


religions in Sweden have also altered throughout the years.

When it comes to the biodiversity of Sweden there is many


different variables to take into consideration. Sweden has a varied
landscape with many different ecotypes. Most of the countrys regions
have a long history associated with intensive forestry, agricultural or
hydroelectric development. Some of the most species-rich habitats are
found in the rural areas and the semi-natural grasslands, which cover
8% of the total land area. In the past century, these grasslands have
been reduced to only a fraction of their previous extent and almost half
of the red-listed species (2020 of 4338) can be found in the agricultural
landscape. Between 2000 and 2005, more red-listed species in the
agricultural landscape showed signs of deterioration rather than
improvement, being mainly threatened by small population size and
fragmented distribution. Indeed, in the Swedish agricultural landscape,
132 species have become extinct. (Convention on Biological Diversity)
Forests actually cover about 58% of the land in Sweden and they have
actually lost a lot of it and it is also covered in about 13% of wetlands.

References:
Global Diversity: Spotlight on Sweden. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18,
2015, from http://www.diversityjournal.com/10039-global-diversityspotlight-on-sweden/
Global Diversity: Spotlight on Sweden. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18,
2015, from http://www.diversityjournal.com/10039-global-diversityspotlight-on-sweden/
Sweden - Country Profile. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2015, from
https://www.cbd.int/countries/profile/default.shtml?country=se#facts
Biodiversity - Sweden - Climate Adaptation. (n.d.). Retrieved November
18, 2015, from http://www.climateadaptation.eu/sweden/biodiversity/