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Fernanda Horrillo

Some information is from outside sources

Name: Fernanda Horrillo

Mentor: Dr. Tanya Trynosky

Mentors Place of Business: Bay Area


Dermatology

Mentors Profession: Dermatologist MD

Independent Study Mentorship, Fall 2015

Teacher: Mrs. Click

Ism is an advanced academic course designed for


students who wish to be mentored by an adult
professional in a chosen career. Students develop a
unique plan of study, engage in independent research,
and visit their professional mentor weekly to gain
insight and experience in their chosen field.
Course requirements

2 weekly mentorship hours


3 weekly activity hours
Weekly journal entries documenting experience
ISM professional portfolio
Tangible item/final product
Mid- Term Presentation and Final Presentation

Does toothpaste get rid of acne?

Does chocolate make you break out?

Does stress make you break out?

Should you pop your pimples if they look ready?

Audience participated trivia of common myths/facts


about Acne. CURRENTLY IN CONSTRUCTION

3-deminsional
model of skin
Demonstrate
acne
classification
Demonstrate
formations
Demonstrate
how treatments
work

Layers of skin
involved in acne

Epidermis

Dermis

Skin structures and


functions involved in
acne

Sebaceous
glands

Hair follicles

"Diagram of Human Skin Structure." Science Learning Hub RSS. University of Waikato, 01 Feb. 2011. Web. 1 Oct. 2015

Acne vulgaris is a skin condition characterized


by blockage and/or inflammation of
pilosebaceous units

There are three classifications of acne based of


morphology

There are three common subtypes or grading of


acne based on what one has

Dr Amanda Oatley. "Acne Vulgaris." Derm Net MZ. DermNet New Zealand Trust., 1999. Web. 17 Oct. 2015.

1.

2.
3.

Comedonal: opened
and closed
comedones

1.

Inflammatory:
papules and pustules

2.

Nodulocystic: nodules
and cysts

Mild

Moderate

3.

Comedones + few
inflammatory lesions
Comedones + marked
number of inflammatory
lesions

Severe

Extensive inflammatory
lesions + diffuse scarring
Russel, John J. "Topical Therapy for
Acne." - American Family
Physician|. American Academy of
Family Physicians, 15 Jan. 2000.
Web. 17 Oct. 2015.
<http://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/01
15/p357.html>.

"Excellence in Dermatology Excellence in Dermatologic Surgery Excellence in Medical Dermatology Excellence in


Dermatopathology." Learning Module: Acne and Rosacea. American Academy of Dermatology, Jan. 2015|. Web. 17 Oct. 2015.
<https://www.aad.org/education/basic-dermatology-curriculum/suggested-order-of-modules/two-week-rotation/week-1/acne-and-rosacea>.

Open & Closed


Comedones

Papules &
Pustules

Jaliman, Debra, MD. "Acne


Visual Dictionary: Pictures of
Types of Acne and How to
Treat
Them." WebMD.WebMD, 9 Ma
y 2014. Web. 1| Oct. 2015.
<http://www.webmd.com/sk
in-problems-andtreatments/acne/ss/slidesho
w-acne-dictionary>.

Nodules &
Cysts

Factors Involved

Increased sebum production

Hyper-keratinization; Keratin & sebum clog the follicle

Abnormal desquamation of follicular epithelium; results


in hyperkeratosis

P. Acnes

Hormone influence (androgens)

Proliferation and enzyme release and stimulates release


of inflammatory cytokines

Inflammatory Response

Leyden, Shalita JJ. "Rational Therapy for


Acne Vulgaris: An Update on Topical
Treatment." National Center for
Biotechnology Information. U.S. National
Library of Medicine, 15 Oct. 1983|.
Web. 18 Oct. 2015.
<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29
45846>

"Excellence in Dermatology Excellence in Dermatologic Surgery Excellence in Medical Dermatology Excellence in


Dermatopathology." Learning Module: Acne and Rosacea. American Academy of Dermatology, Jan. 2015|. Web. 17 Oct. 2015.
<https://www.aad.org/education/basic-dermatology-curriculum/suggested-order-of-modules/two-week-rotation/week-1/acne-and-rosacea>.

Dry

Oily

Combination

Topical Retinoid

Vitamin A derivative that normalizes the desquamation of follicular


epithelium and promotes cell growth

Forms

Benzoyl Peroxide

Antibacterial and comedolytic

Forms

Oral Antibiotics

Targets P. acnes and reduces inflammation

Forms

Oral Isotretinoin

Retinoic acid derivative that targets all four factors of acne


development
"Excellence in Dermatology Excellence in Dermatologic Surgery Excellence in Medical Dermatology

Forms

Excellence in Dermatopathology." Learning Module: Acne and Rosacea. American Academy of


Dermatology, Jan. 2015|. Web. 17 Oct. 2015. <https://www.aad.org/education/basic-dermatologycurriculum/suggested-order-of-modules/two-week-rotation/week-1/acne-and-rosacea>.

Research

Audience answers previously viewed questions with new


information presented

Bibliography

Jaliman, Debra, MD. "Acne Visual Dictionary: Pictures of Types of Acne and How to Treat
Them." WebMD.WebMD, 9 May 2014. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/skinproblems-and-treatments/acne/ss/slideshow-acne-dictionary>.

"Excellence in Dermatology Excellence in Dermatologic Surgery Excellence in Medical


Dermatology Excellence in Dermatopathology." Learning Module: Acne and
Rosacea. American Academy of Dermatology, Jan. 2015|. Web. 1 Oct. 2015.
<https://www.aad.org/education/basic-dermatology-curriculum/suggested-order-ofmodules/two-week-rotation/week-1/acne-and-rosacea>.

Leyden, Shalita JJ. "Rational Therapy for Acne Vulgaris: An Update on Topical
Treatment." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of
Medicine, 15 Oct. 1983|. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2945846

Russel, John J. "Topical Therapy for Acne." - American Family Physician|. American Academy
of Family Physicians, 15 Jan. 2000. Web. 1 Oct. 2015.
<http://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p357.html>.

Dr Amanda Oatley. "Acne Vulgaris." Derm Net MZ. DermNet New Zealand Trust., 1999. Web. 1
Oct. 2015.