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(unilinear). Robert Linda Braidwood,
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(multilinear),
. Robert Braidwood2

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1. , Barda Balka
, ( 1
Roux G., Ancient Iraq, 1st Edition, New York: Penguin, 1964, . 445 Roux G., Ancient Iraq, 3rd Edition, New York: Penguin 1992, . 500).
, 12,
,
.
2. Concluding Address, Pp. 224-246 City Invicible: A Symposium on Urbanization and Cultural
Development in the Ancient Near East, Edited by Carl H. Kraeling and Robert M. Adams, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960, . 242.

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Suleimaniyah
. R.
J. Braidwood Jarmo
.5
3. . Roux G., Ancient Iraq, 3rd Edition: Penguin books, . 33 .
4. . Field, Ancient and Modern Man in Southwestern Asia, Coral Gables, Calif., 1956.
5. R. J. Braidwood and B. Howe, Prehistoric Investigations in Iraqi Kurdistan, Chicago, 1960. T.

11

Barda-Balka, Palegawra
Karim-Shehir (1951), Oriental Institute of
the University of Chicago (1954-1955) Dr R.
Solecki Shanidar6 1951

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C. Young, P.E.L. Smith and P. Mortensen (ed.), The Hilly Flanks and Beyond, Chicago, 1984.
6. R. Solecki, Shanidar, the Humanity of Neanderthal Man, London, 1971.

12


, ,
, 7
Barda-Balka Chemchemal, Kirkuk Suleimaniyah, 1949 ,8
1928 Dorothy Garrod
(Dark Cave) Hazar Merd, 19 . Suleimaniyah.9 Shanidar,
1951 1960 Dr. R. Solecki Michigan,10 Zarzi,
Suleimaniyah, Garrod11 Palegawra,
32 . Chemchemal, B. Howe.12
.

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.

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7. , . O
1969. . N.Y. Merpert
and R. M. Munchaev, Early agricultural settlements in the Sinjar plain, northern Iraq, Iraq, XXXV
(1973), pp. 93-113; The earliest levels at Yarim Tepe I and Yarim Tepe II in northern Iraq, Iraq,
XLVI (1987), pp. 1-36.

8. , . (pebble tools)
.
9. D. A. E. Garrod, The Palaeolithic of Southern Kurdistan: Excavations in the Caves of Zarzi
and Hazar Merd, Bulletin No 6, Amer. School of Prehist. Research, New Haven (1930).
10. Preliminary reports in Sumer, VIII (1952) to XVII (1961). . R. Solecki, Prehistory
in Shanidar valley, northern Iraq, Science, CXXXIX (1963), pp. 179-193.

11. . . 9.
12. R. J. Braidwood, From Cave to Village in Prehistoric Iraq, BASOR, 124 (1951), pp. 12-18.
R. J. Braidwood and B. Howe, Prehistoric Investigations in Iraqi Kurdistan, Chicago, 1960, pp. 2829. 57-59. 155-156.

13



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9.000 .. (
1 Shanidar) 7.000 .. (
- Jarmo).13



1 Shanidar Zawi Chemi Shanidar,
.14 ,
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Shanidar , , , .
Shanidar 1
Zawi Chemi Shanidar ,

13.
. P. Singh, Neolithic Cultures of Western Asia, London and New York, 1974. J. Mellaart, The Neolithic of the Near East, London, 1975 D. and J. Oates, The Rise of Civilization, Oxford, 1976.
14. R. Solecki, An Early Village Site at Zawi Chemi Shanidar, Malibu, Calif., 1980.
14

.
.
Zawi Chemi Shanidar 8920 ..
KarimShehir Mlefaat.
Karim-Shehir, Chemchemal,15
, , , , .
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, Mlefaat,16 . (pit-houses),
.

Tell Mureybet Tepe Ali Kosh
.
Tell Mureybet17 1.300 (8.600-7.300 ..)
.
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(tauf )
, . ,
( , , , ,
), .
15. R. J. Braidwood and B. Howe, Prehistoric Investigations, pp. 52.170.
16. R. J. Braidwood and B. Howe, Prehistoric Investigations, p. 50.
17. M. Van Loon, The Oriental Institute excavations at Mureybet, Syria, JNES XXVII (1968),
pp. 264-290. J. Cauvin, Les Premiers Villages de Syrie-Palestine du IXe au VIIe Millnaire avant J.C., Lyon/Paris, 1978.

15

triticum monococcum ( einkorn), , ,


.
, Gaziantep ,
93 . , ,
, Catal-Hyk .
Tepe Ali Kosh18 Deh Luran .
( 8.000-7.000 ..)
. , , Mureybet,
, .
,
(triticum dicoccon)
Kermanshah.

18. F. Hole, K. V. Flannery, J. A. Neely, H. Helbaek, Prehistory and Human Ecology in the Deh
Luran Plain: an Early Village Sequence from Khuzistan, Iran, Ann Arbor, Conn. 1969.

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