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Normal Probabilites Practice question with solution

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1. Most graduate schools of business require applicants for admission to take the Graduate Management

Admission Councils GMAT examination. Scores on the GMAT are roughly normally distributed with a

mean of 527 and a standard deviation of 112. What is the probability of an individual scoring above 500 on

the GMAT?

1-0.4052=

Normal Distribution

Z=

500 527

= 0.24107

112

0.5948

0.4052

= 527

= 112

Pr{X > 500} = Pr{Z > -0.24} = 1 0.4052 = 0.5948

500

527

-0.24

0

2. How high must an individual score on the GMAT in order to score in the highest 5%?

Normal Distribution

10.05=

= 527

0.95

= 112

P(X > ?) = 0.05 P(Z > ?) = 0.05

P(Z < ?) = 1 - 0.05 = 0.95 Z = 1.645

X = 527 + 1.645(112)

527

X = 527 + 184.24

0

X = 711.24

0.05

1.645

3. The length of human pregnancies from conception to birth approximates a normal distribution with a mean

of 266 days and a standard deviation of 16 days. What proportion of all pregnancies will last between 240

and 270 days (roughly between 8 and 9 months)?

0.5987

240 266

Normal Distribution

Z=

= 1.625

= 266

16

270 266

Z=

= 0.25

16

= 16

P(240 < X < 270) = P(-1.63 < Z < 0.25)

P(-1.63 < Z < 0.25) = P(Z< 0.25) - P(Z < -1.63)

P(-1.63 < Z < 0.25) = 0.5987 0.0516 = 0.5471

4. What length of time marks the shortest 70% of all pregnancies?

Normal Distribution

= 266

= 16

P(X < ?) = 0.70 P(Z < ?) = 0.70 Z = 0.52

X = 266 + 0.52(16)

X = 266 + 8.32

X = 274.32

Courtney Sykes

0.0516

240

266 270

-1.63

0 0.25

0.70

266 ?

0 0.52

X

Z

5. The average number of acres burned by forest and range fires in a large New Mexico county is 4,300 acres

per year, with a standard deviation of 750 acres. The distribution of the number of acres burned is normal.

What is the probability that between 2,500 and 4,200 acres will be burned in any given year?

Normal Distribution

= 4300

2500 4300

= 2.40

750

4200 4300

Z=

= 0.13333

750

Z=

= 750

P(2500 < X < 4200) = P(-2.40 < Z < -0.13)

P(-2.40 < Z < -0.13) = P(Z < -0.13) - P(Z < -2.40)

P(-2.40 < Z < -0.13) = 0.4483 - 0.0082 = 0.4401

6. What number of burnt acres corresponds to the 38th percentile?

Normal Distribution

= 4300

= 750

P(X < ?) = 0.38 P(Z < ?) = 0.38 Z = -0.31

X = 4300 + (-0.31)(750)

X = 4300 232.5

X = 4067.5

0.4483

0.0082

2500

4200 4300

-2.40 -0.13 0

0.38

? 4300

-0.31 0

7. The Edwardss Theater chain has studied its movie customers to determine how much money they spend on

concessions. The study revealed that the spending distribution is approximately normally distributed with a

mean of $4.11 and a standard deviation of $1.37. What percentage of customers will spend less than $3.00

on concessions?

Normal Distribution

Z=

3.00 4.11

= 0.81021

1.37

= 4.11

= 1.37

P(X < 3.00) = P(Z < -0.81) = 0.2090 20.9%

8. What spending amount corresponds to the top 87th percentile?

Normal Distribution

= 4.11

= 1.37

P(X > ?) = 0.87 P(Z > ?) = 0.87

P(Z > ?) = 0.87 P(Z < ?) = 1 - 0.87 = 0.13 Z = -1.13

X = 4.11 + (-1.13)(1.37)

X = 4.11 1.5481

X = 2.5619

X = $2.56

Courtney Sykes

0.2090

3 4.11

-0.81 0

0.87

1-0.87=

0.13

4.11

-1.13

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