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Diabetes type 2

By Nancy Camacho

What is diabetes?

A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar
(glucose).

Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar)
levels to rise higher than normal (American Diabetes Association)

This is also called hyperglycemia (Mayo Clinic)

Type 2 diabetes does not use insulin properly also know as insulin
resistance(American Diabetes Association)

This happens over time when insulin cant make enough to keep the
blood sugar at normal levels (American Diabetes Association)

How macromolecules impact diabetes


type 2?

Protein

Carbohydrate

Lipids

Insulin Plays a big part to diabetes because the


body doesnt make enough of it like it should
sugar levels in our bodys; uncontrolled blood
sugar can damage the vessels that supply blood to
important organs (heart, kidneys, eyes, and
nerves)
Lipids and sugars are carbohydrate which can
also provide energy to the cells. Also is important
part of the membrane surrounding every body cell
and that helps the insulin go in blood to bind the
protein carriers in the body.

How is our papulation affected?


There are more than 50 million Hispanics/Latinos currently living in the
United States, making up about 16 percent of the population
Census Bureau estimates that by 2050, one in three people living in the
United States will be of Hispanic/Latino origin, including such diverse
subgroups as Puerto Rican, Mexican, Cuban, Central and South
Americans
According to the American Diabetes Association that the diversity
among Hispanic/Latino groups when it comes to the prevalence of
diabetes, as well as a low rate of diabetes awareness, diabetes control
and health insurance.

Data up to date of Diabetes

Societal forms for diabetes


Stress at work or any
other place increases
the risk of having
Diabetes type 2

Lower income
Can cause drinking
problems and that can
lead to fast food as well
by not having money to
buy good food

Less schooling will


lead to not
understanding diabetes
and by not
understanding it you
are at higher rick to get
it in time

The use of macromolecule in diabetes


What they are meant to
do
The two main forms of carbohydrates are
sugars such as fructose, glucose, and lactose and
starches, which are found in foods such as
starchy vegetables, grains, rice, breads, and
cereals.
The body breaks down most carbohydrates into
the sugar glucose , which is absorbed into the
bloodstream.
As the glucose level rises in the body, the
pancreas releases a hormone called insulin which
is a protein.
Insulin is needed to move sugar from the blood
into the cells, where it can be used as a source of
energy.
Your body useslipidsas a supply and store of
energy: a gram offatcontains more than double
the amount of energy present in a gram of
carbohydrate.

What they arent doing


The body requires insulin (protein) to
enable glucose to pass from the blood vessels
into the cells that need energy. But type 2
Diabetes does not have that because it
doesnt make enough insulin. And with
carbohydrate you have to track your carbos
because to much of them can rise your blood
sugar. Lipids need insulin to store energy to
the cells and if the body is not making enough
than its in big trouble.

What foods should diabetics eat?


Protein

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends lean proteins low in saturated fat,
like fish or turkey. Aim for two or three servings of seafood each week; some fish, like
salmon, have the added benefit of containing heart healthy omega-3 fats

Grains

When choosing grains, make sure theyre whole. Whole grains such as wild rice, quinoa, and
whole grain breads and cereals contain fiber, which is beneficial for digestive health. Whole
grains also contain healthy vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals.

Fats

Some types of fat actually help protect your heart. Choose the monounsaturated fats found
in avocados, almonds, and pecans or the polyunsaturated fats found in walnuts and
sunflower oil, which can help to lower bad cholesterol

Work cited
Article
"Type 2." American Diabetes Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2015. <http://www.diabetes.org/diabetesbasics/type-2/#sthash.hDKKEJzV.dpuf>.
Article
"Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web.
04 Nov. 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9416027>.
Book
"Molecular and Cell Biology of Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complications." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov.
2015. <https://books.google.com/books?id=MbRMYDk7p3UC&pg=PA217&lpg=PA217&dq=macromolecules
%2Btype%2B2%2Bdiabetes&source=bl&ots=CuqJT9vv1R&sig=IiXOSlvYa_5TIJEyCOe2mNfhG8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBWoVChMIqLqziLnoyAIVh5mICh2odwzL#v=onepage&q=macrom
olecules%20type%202%20diabetes&f=false>.
Website
"Diabetes Among Hispanics: All Are Not Equal." American Diabetes Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov.
2015. http://www.diabetes.org/newsroom/press-releases/2014/diabetes-among-hispanics-all-are-not-equal.html
Website
"Understanding Diabetes." Understanding Diabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2015.
<http://depts.washington.edu/uwcoe/healthtopics/diabetes.html>.