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Home Depot Financial

Statement Analysis Report

Jerod Brockelman

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Home Depot Financial Statement Analysis Report
All companies need to compile financial information in such a fashion that it allows them to effectively
evaluate and analyze the financial health and progress of the business. While it is important for the
company to have this information for its own use, it is also helpful and essential to persons and
businesses outside of the company. The information provided in the financial statements allows outside
persons to effectively analyze and evaluate the overall health and progress of a business entity; for
example, this information can be used by a lender to determine if a company is healthy enough to pay
its debts. Investors may also use the information in the financial statements to determine if they might
wish to make a financial investment in the company being evaluated. With these things in mind, the
purpose of this report is to provide insight into the financial statements and accompanying notes of
Home Depot, Inc.
Home depot, Inc. has provided four main comparative financial statements covering specific periods.
The Consolidated Statement of Earnings which is meant to show the net income or loss of a business
covers a three year period including fiscal year ended 2008, 2009 and 2010. The Consolidated Statement
of Stockholders Equity and Comprehensive Income covers several years. It begins with the balance as of
January 28, 2007 and shows the changes as of Feb. 3, 2008, Feb. 1, 2009, and gives the final balance as
of Jan. 31, 2010. Home Depot also has provided a Balance Sheet listing all of its Assets, Liabilities and
Owners Equity. The Balance sheet provided covers the balances for a two year period including February
1, 2009 and January 31, 2010. The fourth main statement provided is the Statement of Cash Flows. It
covers the fiscal year ended for February 3, 2008, February 1, 2009 and January 31, 2010.
An important feature of all public financial documents is their accuracy. To safeguard against mistakes
and/or false and misleading financial statements many businesses are required to obtain outside
financial auditors to examine and verify that the information provided in the financial statements is
accurate, and that it follows the guidelines of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Home
Depot, Inc. has employed the services of the outside accounting firm KPMG LLP. According to the Report
of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm provided with Home Depots statements, KPMG has
determined that it is their opinion that Home Depots financial statements are fair and accurate and are
in conformity with GAAP.
As an investor and owner in a business it is important to know the amount of Retained Earnings, in other
words, the amount of money left over for its owners. This amount would be reflected in a companys
Statement of Retained Earnings. Home Depot combines its retained earnings with other relevant
financial information in a statement called the Consolidated Statements of Stockholders Equity and
Comprehensive Income. Details about the changes in retained earnings can be found in this statement.
As an investor and creditor it is important to know how much cash a business is generating, and from
which activities the cash flow is coming from. The Statement of Cash Flows provides us with the
information we need to effectively evaluate the cash flow from three specific areas of a business,
including operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities. By using the Statement of Cash

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Flows we are able to analyze from one period to the next the increases and decreases in cash flow from
the different activities. This allows us not only to evaluate performance in the different areas, but also to
determine a companys debt paying abilities. Upon reviewing the Statement of Cash flows for Home
Depot, Inc. the cash flows from the different activities is as follows:
January 31, 2010

February 1, 2009

February 3, 2008

From Operating Activities:




From Investing Activities:




From Financing Activities:




Total increase/decrease:
End of year totals:







As you can see from observing the cash balances above, cash flow from operating activities has been
positive in each of the three years listed; however, it is worth mentioning that cash provided by
operating activities has been decreasing each year sense 2008.
The investing activities section shows us that in 2008 Home Depot received approximately $4.8 billion
from investing; however, in 2009 and 2010 Home Depot invested heavily, mainly on capital
expenditures, significantly eliminating any positive cash flows from investing for those two years. The
pace at which Home Depot used cash in investing did significantly decline however in 2010.
By observing the financing activities section we see that Home Depot used large amounts of cash for its
financing activities. The majority of the cash used in 2010 was for the repurchase of common stock as
well as dividends paid to stockholders. In 2009 significantly less cash was used in financing activities with
repayments of short and long term debt as well as payments of dividends being the biggest uses of cash.
2010 saw a slight decrease in cash used from the previous year with repayments of long term debt and
payment of dividends again being the biggest uses of cash.
Upon final observation one can see that cash and cash equivalents at the end of each year was positive;
however, this calculation takes into account cash and cash equivalent balances at the beginning of the
year as well as the effects of exchange rates. If the beginning balances and exchange rate differences
were stripped away we would see that cash and cash equivalents decreased during 2008 by
$154,000,000, increased by $119,000,000 during 2009, and then significantly increased by $867,000,000
during 2010.
When a lender is considering making loans to a business there are certain criteria that the lender must
evaluate before committing to providing funds to the business. In the event that the business is looking
for short term financing the lender would want to consider the businesss ability to earn enough
revenue to pay its bills as they come due, in addition to many other factors. Some ways we can

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determine the businesss ability to pay its short term debt is by evaluating its current ratio, quick ratio,
working capital, and the percentages by which the companys working capital and cash & cash
equivalents have changed from the previous years. Listed below are some key metrics that will be used
to evaluate the short term debt paying ability for Home Depot, Inc.
January 31, 2010

February 1, 2009

Current Ratio



Quick Ratio



Working Capital



% change in working capital from prior year 60.1%

% change in cash & cash equivalents from prior year 173.8%
By using the information above we can now determine the ability of Home Depot to pay its short term
debts. Starting with the current ratio it is obvious that the amount of current assets have increased at a
faster rate than current liabilities, as a matter of fact this ratio has improved by about 8.3%. Looking
now at the quick ratio, we can get an even better perspective of just how easily Home Depot can pay its
short term debts. The quick ratio, also known as the Acid Test Ratio, factors out current assets such as
inventory that might take longer to liquidate, leaving only the most liquid assets including cash & cash
equivalents, marketable securities, and receivables. You can see above that the quick ratio improved
from 0.1:1 to 0.2:1. This represents a 100% improvement in this ratio from the prior year. The main
driver of the improvement in the quick ratio was a significant increase of 173.3% in cash & cash
equivalents. Finally, working capital, which represents how much current assets exceed current
liabilities, has also improved by approximately $1.3 billion, representing a 60.1% increase over the prior
Aside from the ability of Home Depot to pay its debts there must be other considerations; for instance,
one might want to know how much competition exists in the space. We would want to know if home
Depot is gaining or losing market share. Is there any potential legislation that could hinder business
growth? Is the economy growing or declining? These are but a few of many possible questions that a
lender could ask themselves. A review of Home Depots previous credit ratings would certainly be
something to consider also. As a lender we would also be interested in the accounts receivable turnover
rate, inventory turnover rate, days to collect accounts receivable, number of days to sell average
inventory, and cash flow. Each of these metrics gives us insight into how quickly assets can be converted
into cash and therefore used to pay short term debts.
After a review of Home Depot, Inc. it is concluded that a credit rating of A-Outstanding should be issued
to the company. This determination is made based on a thorough review of the companys financial
statements as well as its tremendous market presence in the U.S. and abroad. Home Depot has proven
its ability to honor its obligations over many years, more specifically during the 2007 through 2010
period. This period (known as the great recession) was a very difficult time economically for the entire

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country, as well as overseas, especially for the housing industry and those businesses that served it.
Home Depots strong brand allowed it to raise capital in the financial markets through issuance of
common stock and borrowing. Through this difficult time Home depot continued to pay its shareholders
dividends. Home Depot also took advantage of the decline in share price during this period to
repurchase outstanding shares at historically low prices, creating value for the business and its
shareholders as the markets recovered. A review of the ten year summary of operating results has
shown that Home Depot has consistently grown earnings, assets, and owners equity while also
consistently increasing cash flows over the periods with the exception of the 2007 to 2010 period; this
period however appears to be an anomaly due to the severe economic downturn. Considering the
severity of the recession Home depot has shown diligence in maintaining its key short term borrowing
ratios in comparison with those of prior periods and has shown the ability to navigate through extremely
difficult market conditions by increasing working capital and increasing its cash and cash equivalents
significantly over the more recent period. For these reasons we conclude that Home Depot, Inc.
deserves and shall be assigned the highest credit rating.
The following computations are key ratios to be used in the evaluation of profitability for Home Depot,
Inc. for Fiscal years ending January 31, 2010 and February 1, 2009.
January 31, 2010

February 1, 2009

Percentage change in net sales (relative to prior year)



Percentage change in net earnings



Gross profit rate



Net income as a percentage of sales



Return on average total assets



Return on average total equity



By analyzing the above trends for Home Depot we can see that the companys earnings are improving.
When looking at the Percentage change in net sales we can see that, though net sales are still declining,
they are declining at a slower pace than in the previous year. Considering this time frame was occurring
on the tail end of a severe recession it should not be too much cause for concern that sales were still
declining; in fact, the slower pace of the decline is cause for optimism. From the perspective of a
shareholder the improvement in the percentage change in net earnings should be viewed as extremely
positive as it reversed from an extreme decline in net income of nearly 50% in the prior year to growth
of profits of nearly 18%. Based on the gross profit rate we are able to see that Home depot has been
able to control its costs of goods sold, and has even been able to reduce costs of goods sold slightly.
Home depot has managed to consistently improve this ratio in almost all of the last 10 years, which is
especially impressive considering the week economic environment during this period. The net income as

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a percentage of sales figure should be viewed as extremely positive. Though it is still considerably lower
than its ten year average of around 5.8%, it has increased by 80 basis points from 3.2% to 4% over the
previous year. This is significant because it means that Home depot is making a higher profit per every
one dollar of sales. It is a clear sign that the company is managing expenses effectively. We can also see
clearly that Home Depot is utilizing the company assets efficiently as seen by the 150 basis point
increase in return on average total assets. Finally we see that return on equity has increased by 160
basis points. This increase in return on equity is a clear indication of increasing profitability; it serves as
an indication of how well company management utilizes the investments by stockholders. After a
review of these key ratios it is clear that Home Depots earnings are improving by every metric listed
above. It is a clear indication that a combination of excellent leadership, management and an improving
economic environment has propelled Home Depot into growth mode once again, allowing it to increase
wealth for its shareholders.