A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought

Slides to Accompany Lecture

Ancient Greek philosopher Anaxiamander (611547 B.C.) and the Roman philosopher Lucretius (99-55 B.C.) conceived of the idea that all living things were related and that they had changed over time.


Aristotle¶s Great Chain of Being
(Scala Naturae)

Creation as Calculated from The Bible

Bishop James Ussher
(as painted between1640-1656)

Bishop John Lightfoot
(b. 1601- d. 1675)

Early Scientific Challenges to Theological Views

John Ray & Species

Galileo Galilei & Challenges to church authority (1564-1642)

Systematic Classification

Carolus Linnaeus Systema Naturae 1758

Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Family Hominidae Genus Homo Species Homo sapiens

Early Ideas about Evolution
Speices changes through time in response to environment Heritable characteristics Catastrophism

Comte de Buffon (Georges Louis Leclerc) 1707-1788
Environment, but other mechanisms too

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck 1744-1829

Baron Cuvier 1769-1832

Erasmus Darwin 1731-1802

Understanding the Depth of Time

James Hutton

Charles Lyell
1797 - 1875

Understanding Populations

Thomas Malthus

Charles Darwin & Alfred Wallace

How did they arrive at the same conclusions?

Darwin and Wallace Volumes

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