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English 210: Lit Theory

Lecture Notes: Narratology

Thompson

Narratology
Definition. The study of how narratives make meaning. Specifically, the basic
mechanisms and procedures common to all acts of story-telling.
Relationship to Formalism, Structuralism, and Post-structuralism.
Formalism

Structuralism

Post-Structuralism

English 210: Lit Theory

Lecture Notes: Narratology

The Politics of Difference

What Narratology Offers Us as a Theory

Narratology in Practice Critical Terms and Aspects of the Theory

Story vs. Plot (or Discourse)

Aristotles three elements of plot


1. hamartia or tragic flaw.

2. anagnorisis or realisation.

3. peripeteia or reversal of fortune.

Thompson

English 210: Lit Theory

Lecture Notes: Narratology

Vladimir Propp.

Six Basic Questions of Narration


1. Is the basic narrative showing or telling?
Mimetic.
Diegesis.

Thompson

English 210: Lit Theory

Lecture Notes: Narratology

Thompson

2. What is the point of view from which the story is told or focalisation?

External focalisation

Internal focalisation

Zero focalisation

3. Who is telling the story?

4. How is time handled in the story?

5. How is the story packaged? OR What is the narrative frame?

English 210: Lit Theory

Lecture Notes: Narratology

6. How are speech and thought represented?

Conclusion

Thompson