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Released Form

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North Carolina
READY End-of-Grade
Assessment
Science

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Grade 5

Student Booklet
Academic Services and Instructional Support
Division of Accountability Services

Copyright 2013 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. All rights reserved.

GRADE 5 SCIENCERELEASED FORM


Sample Questions

report to the teacher

clean the laboratory station

locate the nearest exit

put on safety goggles

anemometer

graduated cylinder

test tube

thermometer

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Which device is used to determine the volume of a liquid?

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What is the first thing a student should do if an accident happens during a science
experiment?

S1

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ball with a mass of 5 kg

ball with a mass of 10 kg

ball with a mass of 15 kg

ball with a mass of 20 kg

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Distance

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Time

Distance

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Time

Which graph represents an object that is decreasing in speed?

Distance

Four solid balls, each with a different mass, are moving at the same speed. Which
ball would require the most force to stop its motion?

Distance

Time

Time

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Her average speed was faster during the first half of her walk.

She walked in two different directions.

She was walking at a constant speed.

She walked over many hills.

In which way are evaporation and condensation similar?


Both cause decreases in air temperature.

Both cause increases in air temperature.

Both are caused by the warming of the atmosphere.

Both are caused by changes in heat energy.

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Which is an example of a different substance being formed?

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A girl walked for 30 minutes. She noticed that she traveled farther in the first 15
minutes of her walk than in the second 15 minutes. What can she conclude about
her walk?

glass breaking

metal melting

water freezing

wood burning

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radiation

convection

conduction

condensation

combustion

convection

radiation

conduction

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A pot is heated on a stove. Which process causes the metal handle of the pot to
also become hot?

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Which best describes why winds at the beach change direction between day and
night?

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Which is most responsible for the uneven heating of the air in the atmosphere?

because the temperatures over land and over water change

because warm air over land sinks and stays in place over land

because cool air rises and is replaced by warm air from the ocean

because cool air sinks and stays in place over land

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warm temperatures

cloudy conditions

clear conditions

cool temperatures

Which is the best explanation for how air masses move across the United States?
The prevailing westerlies move air masses from west to east across the
United States but may be deflected by the jet stream.

The trade winds move air masses from west to east across the
United States.

The jet stream moves air masses from the Pacific Ocean across the
United States.

The warm air of the Gulf Stream causes air masses to move from the
Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

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Which will most likely result from a low-pressure weather system?

Which has the greatest effect on wind speed?


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precipitation

cloud cover

wind direction

air pressure

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amoeba

insect

fish

worm

Why do multicellular organisms need transport systems?


Most have cells that are not able to exchange gases with the outside
environment.

Most have cells that are unable to grow and survive in their environment.

Most have cells that need food from sources outside their environment.

Most have cells that require more energy to survive than single-celled
organisms.

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Which is a function of the cardiovascular system?

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Which is an example of a single-celled organism?

to move water throughout the body

to provide structural support for the body

to eliminate waste from the body

to transport gases throughout the body

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circulatory system

digestive system

muscular system

nervous system

frog

mushroom

grass

lizard

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Which organism is a producer?

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Which is most responsible for recycling dead plants and animals in an ecosystem?
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water

bacteria

fish

insects

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Which body system sends electrical signals to all other body systems?

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They would produce more offspring.

They would change the color of their feathers.

They would experience a decrease in available food.

They would experience a decrease in competition.

his height

his scar on his right cheek

his intelligence

his ability to play the drums

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Matt is a tall, eleven-year-old boy. He has a scar on his right cheek. He is


intelligent and an excellent drummer. Which of his traits did he most likely
inherit?

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How would the woodpecker population in a forest area most likely be affected if a
housing development is built in that area?

Which characteristic would a child not inherit from one or both of its parents?
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freckles

hair style

eye color

dimples

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Which best describes the speed of a ball as it is thrown straight up into the air and
comes back down?
A

The ball goes up at a constant speed, stops, then comes down at a constant
speed.

The ball goes up at a constant speed, stops, and increases speed as it comes
down.

The ball goes slower and slower as it goes up, stops, and then goes faster
and faster as it comes down.

The ball goes slower and slower as it goes up, stops, and then comes down
at a constant speed.

What can cause a moving object to increase its speed in a forward direction?
a force pushing on the object from the opposite direction

a force that continually acts on the object in the direction the object is
moving

an increase in the mass of the object

a decrease in the mass of the object

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A student uses a rubber band to launch the four objects shown in the table.
Object
Mass
paper clip
0.5 gram
piece of paper 1 gram
eraser
2 grams
rubber ball 10 grams

piece of paper

eraser

rubber ball

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paper clip

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After a rain, a puddle of water remains on a sidewalk. After a day of sunshine, the
puddle is gone. Which process is most responsible for the disappearance of the
puddle?
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precipitation

transpiration

evaporation

condensation

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If the student pulls the rubber band back the same amount each time, which
object will most likely move the fastest when launched?

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2 grams

5 grams

10 grams

15 grams

A student notices that an inflated balloon gets larger when it is warmed by a lamp.
Which best describes the mass of the balloon as a result of this change?
The mass of the balloon increases because the size of the balloon has
increased.

The mass of the balloon increases because the temperature of the balloon
has increased.

The mass of the balloon stays the same because the gas inside the balloon
still has the same mass after it warms up.

The mass of the balloon stays the same because warming decreases the
mass enough to cancel out the effect of increasing the size.

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If 10 grams of water are added to 5 grams of salt, how much salt water will be
made?

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The heat from the fire travels through the ground and heats the ground
around the people.

The heat from the fire is conducted through air molecules to the people.

The heat from the fire rises in the air and then settles around the people.

The heat from the fire radiates from the fire to the people.

convection

evaporation

radiation

conduction

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Bill stands in a swimming pool and notices that the water around his feet is a lot
cooler than the water near the surface. Which process causes this difference in
temperature?

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People sitting around a campfire are able to feel the heat from the fire. How are
the people able to feel the heat from the fire without touching the fire?

Andy lives in the southern hemisphere. What season does he most likely
experience in August?

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spring

summer

winter

autumn

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sunny

snowy

hot

stormy

Which best describes a characteristic of the jet stream?

It forms a boundary between a cold air mass and a warm air mass.

It creates the high winds around the eye of a hurricane.

It forces the hot air along the equator to rise to areas in North America.

It causes high pressure air masses to rotate clockwise.

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Which statement best describes a bacterial cell?

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On a cold, cloudy day, the local weather forecaster predicts that a high-pressure
system will be moving into the area in the next 24 hours. Which weather
conditions will this system most likely bring to the area?

It contains more than one cell.

It is a complete organism.

It is part of a larger organism.

It contains different kinds of cells.

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Both have cells with specialized functions for each life process.

Both perform all life processes within one cell.

Both have a way to get rid of waste materials.

Both are able to make food from sunlight.

skeletal system

circulatory system

respiratory system

muscular system

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Which system of the human body provides protection to most of the major
organs?

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Which example best shows structures that make up the digestive system in the
human body?

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Which characteristic do single-celled organisms and multicellular organisms have


in common?

heart, blood, vessels

nose, trachea, lungs

brain, spinal cord, nerves

esophagus, stomach, intestines

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In a grassland ecosystem, if the population of eagles suddenly decreased, what


will most likely be the effect on the rest of the ecosystem?
The ecosystem will become overpopulated with snakes.

There will be a decrease in the population of snakes in the ecosystem.

The nutrition of the soil in the ecosystem will decrease.

More types of plants will begin growing in the ecosystem.

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A litter of kittens have traits that are similar to both the mother cat and the father
cat. Which best explains this situation?
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The kittens are provided the same kind of milk from their mother as they
grow.

The kittens inherit some of their traits from their mother and some from
their father.

The kittens are kept at the same temperatures by their mother when they
are first born.

The kittens are taught by their parents to have similar traits.

specific beliefs

fingerprints

memories

nose shape

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Which are examples of inherited traits?

A pencil falls off of a desk. What moves the pencil toward the floor?
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mass

friction

gravity

speed

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friction acting on the wagon

the mass of the wagon

the mass of the child

What must occur before clouds can form?

gravity acting on the wagon

Water vapor must get warmer.

Water vapor must lose heat energy.

Precipitation must begin to fall and run off.

Transpiration must add water vapor to the atmosphere.

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Which process allows green plants to control the amount of water stored in their
leaves?

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A child rides a wagon down a hill. Eventually, the wagon comes to a stop. Which is
most responsible for causing the wagon to stop?

photosynthesis

condensation

respiration

transpiration

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One morning, Jane notices drops of water on the outside of a window. Later in the
day, she notices that the drops have disappeared. What most likely caused the
drops to disappear?
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The water condensed on the plants around the house.

Energy from the sun caused the water to evaporate.

The water cooled enough to turn into water vapor.

Wind blowing on the window turned the water into vapor.

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What happens to metal railroad tracks during the heat of a summer day?
decrease in weight

increase in weight

decrease in length

increase in length

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clear skies and cold temperatures

clear skies and hot temperatures

cloudy skies and rainy weather

heavy snow and ice

the Gulf Stream

the jet stream

La Nia

El Nio

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What is the cause of rising surface temperatures of the Pacific Ocean, drought in
the western United States, and flooding on the Pacific coast of South America?

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What will most likely result when the jet stream moves south of North Carolina?

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The weather forecast indicates that a warm front will be moving into the area in
the next 24 hours. Which type of weather will most likely result?

North Carolina will experience tropical weather conditions.

North Carolina will experience hot, dry weather.

North Carolina will experience mild weather.

North Carolina will experience cold weather.

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size of the cells of the organism

what the organism eats

how many types of cells are in the organism

how fast the organism grows

circulatory

digestive

nervous

skeletal

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Which body system processes foods into a useable source of energy?

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Which is an example of a decomposer?

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A scientist is trying to decide whether an organism is unicellular or multicellular.


Which information would help the scientist most to make her decision?

a hawk

a mouse

a flower

a mushroom

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tropical storms

increase in predators

habitat loss

warmer temperatures

an increase in prey populations

a decrease in prey populations

a decrease in decomposers

an increase in producers

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Which will most likely cause a decrease in predator populations?

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A simple food chain includes hawks, lizards, and insects. Which will most likely
happen to the lizard and hawk populations if a pesticide is sprayed to kill the
insects, and the lizard and hawk populations cannot find other food in this
ecosystem?

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As more people have moved to the beach, the sea turtle population has
decreased. Which is most likely the cause of this decrease?

Both the lizard population and the hawk population will increase.

Both the lizard population and the hawk population will decrease.

The lizard population will increase, but the hawk population will decrease.

The lizard population will decrease, but the hawk population will increase.

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They eat the same foods.

They have similar DNA.

They speak the same language.

They have the same interests.

Why do dogs have most of the characteristics of their parents?


They inherit them from their parents.

They live in the same habitats as their parents.

They learn them by observing their parents.

They eat the same foods as their parents.

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Which best explains why children resemble their parents?

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its color

its length of ears

its food preference

its ability to see in the dark

shape of earlobes

musical ability

personality

language

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Which trait do children most likely inherit from their parents?

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Which is a characteristic of a dog that is most likely a result of its environment?

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Directions:
This is the end of the science test.
1. Look back over your answers for the test questions.
2. Put all of your papers inside your test book and close your test book.

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3. Stay quietly in your seat until your teacher tells you that testing is
finished.

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GRADE 5 SCIENCE RELEASED FORM


Grade 5 Science
RELEASED Form Paper/Pencil Version
20122013
Answer Key
Key

Unifying Concept

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Item Number Item Type

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GRADE 5 SCIENCE RELEASED FORM

GRADE 5 SCIENCE RELEASED FORM

Key

Unifying Concept

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Item Types:
MC = multiple choice
TE = technology enhanced

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Item Number Item Type