Publi!

;hed for the Institution of Civil Engineers by Thomas Telford Services Ltd,

1 Heron Quay, london E14 4JD --

first edition 1976 Second edition 1985 Third edition 1991

Reprinted With corrections 1992. 1995.2000

Reprinted 2001 , 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006

IMPORTANT NOTE

Since CESMM3 was published in 1991, several errors have been identified and.the opportunity has been taken to correct these errors in this reprint. For ease of reference the changes between this second printing and the first printing are given below.

Page Reference Change

6 3.2 In lines 4 and 5 the words 'plain round mild $leel
bar' have replaced 'mild steel bar'.
6 3.3 In line 3 the same change as above has been made.
" 5.18 The word 'CESMM3' has replaced 'the CESMM'.
17 Additiona' The term 'CertifICate of Substantial Completion' has
Description been inserted fnrule 'A1'.
RuleAl
23 Additional The word 'and' has been in$Brted between 'pits' and
Description 'trenches' in place of the comma.
Rule A12
73 Measurement Anewrule'Ml1' has been inserted and the previous
Rule Ml1 rule 'Ml1' has become rule 'M12',
76 Reference R6*S The number'S' has been inserted in front of
'Transitions' in the Third Division.
77 Coverage Rule C4 The reference to rule 'Ml0' has replaced the
reference to rule 'MS'.
89 Additional A comma which previously appeared after 'masonry'
Description has been deleted.
Rule A2
103 Additional A bracket has been inserted after 'trusses' and a
Description bracket which appeared atler 'joinery' has been
Rule A4 deleted.
f07<' . Oefiniticm:FWte·O!i¥ . The-word ~pipe' has been·inserted infronttlf
'fjtting~.·
f(Il" Nate:fltfoataf The note hHbeen'extende<iwltttth&'wai'ding.·
pagec, ..: beginning:providedthaL' . ©ThelnStituti"on orelvil Engineers and The Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors, 1991

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6,4' ,0211'7 MIS3

ISBN: 0 7277 1561 5

AJl f1ghtl.. including Jr.n:fd.atlol'1'. :reserved. f:u:epe for fstr COPY-lOg. 00 part of Ihis pub~k:atlon may be reproduced, stored E~ J: rtttfeva~ ~. or transmitted in .ny form Ok by anv mfl:iiln5 e:i;eettontc:, mechan~c8!t photDCOPl(i-nQ, ret:or-di-tlg or othel'WlSer vrith_ !>"Of _itten perm, .. ,,,,, !>eifl;l _ from !he publl$h",.

Whil$t every -Ute has: been Uiten in the- ptepat.aliOn of this do(oment ne~r thE! 1f1~i1lJflon -I'1Of the fedNation of Ci'vil Eng'"...,,;ng C<mttacw .. nor _ 01 the" """,mnu... ~" -1!f'I any H..n.lity for any loss '" ".mage ..... "'h rna., be .vffe,"'; bV 'flY pe1'SOrl or Of'tJ*fi-$Mion as JI ,HuH of its. cse.

CIVil ENGINEERING STANDARD METHOD OF MEASUREMENT REVIEW COMMITTEE

THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS

New CESMM3 Guidance Notes - MAY 1996

Although the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement third edition was published in 1991 and has been used extensively since, there are still a few misunderstandings which the Review Committee have been requested to explain. The Committee has therefore produced the following Guidance Notes to assist users ofCESMM31 in the compilation of bills and measurement of construction work.

d

Paragraph 5.6 - Dayworks

There has been considerable misunderstanding over the effects of a percentage addition or reduction as applied by CESMM to the Schedules.cfDaywarks.carried out incidental to Contract Work issued by the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors. The example below will assist in demonstrating the result of a 10% addition and'a3Oo/'a:tecIuction:to:tbeSchedule:-

y'

Addition

Deduction

Hourly Rate

Schedule of Daywotks.B.a1e -. add.1MI'V." .. Total before adjustment .

£5.00 £7.40· £12.40 -

£5.00 £7.40 £12.40

Adjustment

additiOn: oflOO.4 - -' deduction of 30%

£1:.24';;,

(£3.72)

Total Rate for Dayworlc

£8.68

=

Class G - Concrete Ancillaries.

Gl-4,*,* - Formwork '

The measurement.of.formwork for concrete components of constant cross-section is referred to in the Note at the bottom of Page 43 for CESMM31 or pageA I for CESMM21• In a situation where there is a requirement for inserts, intrusions etc; in the linear measure, it should be dealt with by applying the principles of rule M6.

;wi! Iby

G3,*,* ~ Formwork

Where the Specification "expressly requires" a stated finish the item should be measured under 08,2, *. Work required to achieve the finished surface after striking formwork, ego Rubbing down and making good, is included in G3, *, II< and does not need to be billed separately under 08,2, *. A Guidance Note on "Expressly required" was published in the May 1994 issue of Civil Engineering'.

Class L ~ Pipework

L3-5,'" t'" - Rule MIl - Measurement of Multiple Pipes

It has been suggested that in a multiple pipe run, the measurement could be interpreted as the length along the centre lines multiplied by the number of pipes. This is not the case and the intention is that it should be the length of the bed, haunch or surround. As noted in the Handbook' on page 137. it should be remembered that Classes I, J. K and L should always be considered as one composite class. The problem is then resolved by referring to Class K Definition Rule Dl when reading Class L Measurement Rule MIl.

The Committee wishes to emphasize that its role is to provide advice on problems that arise from the practical application of CESMM:, but it does not exist to provide an arbitration service and such problems must be dealt with under the mechanisms provided for in individual contracts.

The last set of Guidance Notes for CESMM3 was published in Civil Engineering" May 1994 andreproduced by:pe(inission:'incG~!~:SWVe.Yor,Septet$er 1994. Users and.; , readers were requested to comment on a proposal to extend CESM1\.1 to dealwith the .. ~.~ .. measurement ofmaiutenam:ework;andfOrrenowtiomofexiSting~structures.'ItwooId·appea.r\;" there is little demand for this extension to be developed, .

Comments andqueries.oaCESMM should be referred in writingto: Mr. Drick Vernon, Stt1mJing'CESMM ReView CoTnmiltee:.The InstitutfonofCi1iifEngtrteers~'OneGreatG&iiite." .> . Street; Westminster; LONDON>SWIP."JA'A.:'

References

1. Institution of Civif 'En'gineers. ,Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement

(CESMM) in three editions. Thomas Telford Ltd., London 1976, 1985,1991.

2. CESMM3 Handbook by Martin Barnes published by Thomas Telford Ltd., London 1992

3. Civil Engineering - The Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers published by

Thomas Telford Ltd., London May 1994 pages 48 and 49.

PREFACE

The Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement. third edition (CESMM31. has been approved by the sponsors-the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors-for use in works of civil engineering construction. This third edition supersedes the second edition published in 1985.

Reference to CESMM3 in the Appendix to the Form of Tender, as provided for by clause 57 of the ICE Conditions of Contract, sixth edition (January 19911 is sufficient to give effect to the use of this standard method of measurement for a particular contract.

CESMM3 may be used with other conditions of contract such as the ICE Conditions of Contract for Ground Investigation and the ICE Conditions of Contract for Minor Works. When other conditions of contract are used, paragraph 1.2 and clause numbers referred to in CESMM3 should be amended by a statement in the Preamble in accordance with paragraph 5.4.

The Committee under whose guidance CESMM3 has been prepared will keep the use of the document under review and consider any suggestions for amendment. These should be . addressed to The Secretary, The Institution of Civil Engineers, 1-7 Great George Street. london. SW1P 3AA. Revision of the document will be made when such action seems warranted.

CONTENTS

Foreword to the first edition Foreword to the second edition Foreword to the third edition Section 1. Definitions

Section 2. General principles

Section 3. Application of the Work Classification Section 4. Coding and numbering of items Section 5. Preparation of the BUI of Quantities

Section 6. Completion, pricing and use of the Bill of Quantities Section 7. Method-Related Charges

Section 8. Work Classification

Class A: General items, 16

Class B; Ground investigation. 20

Class C: Geotechnical and other specialist processes, 28 Class 0: Demolition and site clearance. 32

Class E: Earthworks, 34

Class F: In situ concrete, 40

Class G: Concrete ancillaries. 42

Class H: Precast concrete, 46

Class I: Pipework-pipes, 48

Class J: Pi~ork-frttings and valves, 50

Class K: Pipework-manholes and pipework ancillaries, 52

Class L:. Pipework-supports and protection, ancillaries to laying and

excavation, 66

Class M; Structural metalwork. 60 Class N: Miscellaneous metalwork, 62 Class 0: TImber. 64

Class P: Piles, 66

Class: Q:.FlUngallCillaries. 70 Class R: Roads and pavings, 74 Classs.:'Raiftr~ 18

Class T;"TunnelSi82

Class U; Brickwork, blockwork and masonry, 88 ClassV::P.aJnting.. 90

Class W: Waterproofing. 92

Oass. X: MiscellilneouswotX. 94

Class y~ Sewer arn:Lwater main renovation and ancillary works, 96 C1assZ:. Simple building works incidental to civil engineering works, 102

2 3 4 5 6 8 9

13 14 15

2

FOREWORD TO THE SECOND EDITION

In 1983 the Council of the Institution of Civil Engineers instructed the CESMM Review Committee to prepare a second edition of the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement. The members of the Review Committee were

H. R. Oakley, CSE. FEng; MSc{Engl. FICE, Chairman D. C. Coode, CSE. FCGI. FICE

N. C. B. Brierley, BSc(Engl. FICE

N. M. L Barnes. BSc(Eng), PhD, FICE. FCIOB. ACIArb. MBCS

The work of analysing the comments received on the first edition and of drafting the second edition was undertaken by Martin Barnes and Partners who were assisted by McGill and Partners.

Many organizations contributed comments and suggestions for amendment of the document and others participated by reviewing drafts and giving advice. The Review Committee is indebted to the many people who helped in this way, and particularly to the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors who appointed a committee to review and comment upon the drafts.

The object of the amendments made in the second edition was twofold. Firstly it was to take account of developments in civil engineering technology and in the significance of different costs of civil engineering work which have taken place since the first edition was published. Secondly it was to take the opportunity of altering the wording of the small number of provisions of the first edition which experience had shown were not working either as smoothly as they might or in the way which had been intended. The second edition of the CESMM is consequently not a radical departure from the first edition, but an update and general overhaul.

The two most noticeable changes are the categorization and upgrading of the former notes in the work classification and the introduction of a standard method of measurement for sewer renovation work. The rearrangement of the former notes is intended to make the document easier to use in two ways. Firstly. the notes have been re-named rules in order to emphasize that their provisions govern how work should be described and measured in civil engineering bills of quantities and that they have -Elquatstatus with.fWesjn any other part nf.the document. Secondly, they halte been divided into four categories to indicatuthefuur sepamefunctiorrs-wttfcfT they perform and have. as far ascpassible. been laid. out.a1ongs~de. t!'lepaf1S of the -, classificati'on-tablesto'which'they;reiat8; '0

The section for,'measurementof,·sewer, renovation wade hasheen introduced in. order to provide for the considerably ii"tcreasedvolume afwork of this type now being' undertaken .. : The.' method'of -rneesurement for sewer.,reno\latlon. in this. document is based upon that devised origi nail y'for the Water Research 'Centre,.3rrd included in their standard specification. The Institution of Civil Engitl~rs and the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors acknowledge the assistance given by thaWater,ReseardtCentre;in'aflawing this method ofmeasu rement to be embodied in the CESMM ..

fOREWORD TO THE TH~RI) EDITION

MM lard

Although the second edition of the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement was published in 1985, a number of factors have combined to cause the need for a third edition. The main Changes incorporated in the third edition (CESMM3) are amendments to enable its use with the ICE Conditions of Contract, sixth edition (January 1991), and the introduction of a standard method of measurement for water main renovation and for simple building works incident a! to civil engineering works (classes Y and ZL Account has also been take of developments in civil engineering technology and the opportunity taken to make minor amendments and corrections to the text of the second edition. There are no changes in principle or in the general arrangement.

the t bv

t of 'fng this vho

The Review Committee is indebted to a number of organizations and individuals who have contributed comments and suggestions for amendment. The committee is particularly indebted to E. C. Harris: Quantity Surveying whose proposals formed the basis for the new class Z. The work of analysing the comments and suggestions and drafting CESMM3 was undertaken by Coopers & Lybrand Deloitte.

:y it the nee fog nce rich icat

The members of the Review Committee were

H. a, Oaldey,CBE, FEng. MSc(Eng), FICE, Chairman

N. M. L Barnes, FEng, BSdEngJ. PhD, net. rcroa. ACIArb, MBCS, C81M Miss R. Beales. Barrister..avLaw·

J, Banvard. MICE

H. A. Jones, MICE, Secretary

The committee is indebted to Dr Barnes of Coopers and Lybrand Deloirte for his invaluable advice and assistance throughout.

the j of -tes 3ve ork hat 1ey ictr the.

in ow hiS met the by fed

SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS

1.1. In this document and in Bills of Ouantities prepared according to the procedure set forth herein the following words and expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them, except where the context otherwise requires,

1.2. 'Conditions of Contract' means the ICE Conditions of Contract, sixth editior (January 1991), prepared by the Institution of Civil Engineers jointly with thE Association of Consulting Engineers and the Federation of Civil. Engineerinf Contractors.

1.3. Words and expressions defined in the Conditions of Contract have the sarnr meanings herein.

1.4. All references to clauses are references to clauses numbered in the Condition: of Contract and references to paragraphs are references to paragraphs numberec herein,

1.5. The word 'work' includes work to be carried out, goods, materials and service, to be supplied, and the liabilities, obligations and risks to be undertaken by thf Contractor under the Contract,

1.6. The expression 'expressly required' means shown on the Drawings, describein the Specification or ordered by the Engineer pursuant to the Contract.

1.1. 'Bill of Quantities' means a list of items giving brief identifying description, and estimated quantities of the work comprised in a Contract.

1.8. 'Davwork' means the method of valuing work on the basis of time spent bv th, workmen, the materials used and the plan! employed.

1.9. 'Work Classification' means the Work Classiticstion set out in section 8.

1.10. 'Original Surface' means the surface of the ground before any work has beel carried out.

t:n ... 'Rnaf Surface' meanS-.ttTe-s-uriaceinmcated.oIY the DrawIngs . to .. whie; excavation is to be carried out.

1. 12". 'Commencing Surface' means, in relation roan item'/rraBiH'of Quantities, tIT surface of the ground before any work covered by the item has been carried ou: 'Commencing Surface' means, fnreiaticrrrto a group. of items.ina Bill of Quantitie for work in different materials in an excavation or a bored, drilled or driven hole, th serface.of the ground before any work.covered bY,.any-item in the.qroup has bee carried.cut.

1.130 'Excavated.Surface~. means, .inrelation to an item in a BiuofOuenuties.vth surfacetawhichel(cavation·incfudedin the-work covered by the item isto'be carrie outc.Excavated Surface'meanS •. in relation-to a group of items in a Bill of Ouantitie for excavation in different materials, the surface to which excavation included in th workcovered.bv.anv item in the'9roup is to be carried out.

1.14. A hyphen between two dimensions means a range of dimensions whic includes all dimensions exceeding that preceding the hyphen but not exceeding th, foHowing the hyphen.

1.15, '8S' means British Standard. References to British Standards are dee me to include equivalent national standards of member states of the Europe-a Community and European Community standards.

o the mings

rdition 1M the "ering

same

litions .bered

rvices )v the

cribed

ptions

by the

; been

which

~S, the d out ntities le. the ,:bt1en

~s,~the arried ntities in the

which 9 that

emed lpeafl

SECTION 2. GENERAL PR~NC!PlES

2.1. The title of this document is the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement, third edition, which is abbreviated to CESMM3. CESMM3 is intended to be used in conjunction with the Conditions of Contract and only in connection with civil engineering works and simple building works incidental to civil engineering works.

2.2. CESMM3 provides for simple building works incidental to civil engineering works to be measured in accordance with class Z. CESMM3 does not deal with the preparation of Bills of Quantities for complex mechanical or electrical engineering work, or complex building work or work which is seldom encountered in civil engineering contracts. Where any such work is to be included in a Contract for civil engineering work, it shall be itemized and described in the Bill of Quantities in sufficient detail to enable renderers to price it adequately and the method of measurement shaH be stated if) the Preamble to the Bm of Quantities in accordance with paragraph 5.4.

Object of CESMM3

2_3. The object of CESMM3 is to set forth the procedure according to which the Bill of Quantities shaH be prepared and priced and the quantities of work expressed and measured,

Objects of the Bill of Quantities

2.4. The objects of the Bill of Quantities are

~a) to provide such information of the quantities of work as to enable tenders to be prepared efficiently and accurately

(b) when a Contract has been enter sd into, to provide for use of the priced BlI! of Quamitiesin the valuation of'workexecuted.

,2.5. In order to attain these objects, work should be itemized in the Bill of Quantities in sufficient detaH forinobepossihle to distinguish between the different classes of work, and between work of the same nature carried out in different locations or in any other circumstances which may give rise to different considerations of cost Consistent with these requirements the layout and content of the Bill of Quantities should be as simple and brief as possible.

2.l:t: .AI! warlc which is'expresstyrequired should be covered in the Bill of Quantities.

2..7. CESMM3.saeKs to attain. these. objects principally by the use of the Work Classification. This defines

(a) how work is to be 'divided intc-seperete items in the Sill of Quantities (b) the information to be givenin.itemdescriptions

lei theunits.in which ;the quantities against each item are to be expressed (dt how the work is to be measured for the purpose of calculating quantities.

SECTION 3. APPLICATION Of THE WORK CLASSIFICATION

3.1. The Work Classification divides work commonly encountered in civil EN neering contracts into 26 main classes. Each class comprises up to three divisi. which classify work at successive levels of derail. Each division comprises a lis up to eight descriptive features of work. Each item description in the Bill Quantities shall identify the component of work covered with respect to I feature from each division of the relevant class, e.g.

Class H (precast concrete) contains three divisions of classification. The f classifies different types of precast concrete units, the second classifies differ units by their dimensions, and the third classifies them by their mass. E, item description for precast concrete units shall therefore identify the com nent of work in terms of the type of unit, its dimensions and mass.

Mooe of description

3.2. To avoid unnecessary length, item descriptions for Permanent Works sr generally identify the component of the Works and not the tasks to be carried ( by the Contractor, e.g.

An item should be described as 'Plain round mild steel bar reinforcement to BS M nominal size 20 mm', not as 'Supply, deliver, cut, bend and fix plain round m steel bar reinforcement to as 4449 nomina! size 20 mrn'.

::U. Where the work identified by an item is speciflcallv limited, the Hmitati shall be stated in the item description, e.q,

'Plain round mild steel bar reinforcement to BS 4449 nominal size 20 IT

exctudinq supply and delivery to the Site.'

Item descriptions for work which IS divided between two classes require su limitations to be stated, e.q.

Item descriptions for miscellaneous metalwork inserts which are to be cast if concrete require appropriate additional description if items are given in be class G for casting in the inserts and class N for supplying the inserts,

Separate items

3.4. The work shall be divided into items in the Bill of Quantities so that t component of work which is included in each item does not exhibit more than 0\ featunJ£fromeacl1;d.ivisionafany.una class of the Work Classification. e.g.

One item for precast concrete work shall not include more than one of the types concreteunit.liste;fin'tI1e' fimdfvlsion of class H.neither shaff it ·'ndul different'tJnitswhos& mmernriafl!,·arenot within one'Of the classifications HSt1 in the second division of class H, nor shall it include different units whose rna does:'notJiewithinone:of.tI1e, ranges listed in .thethird:division ofclass H ..

1!i>The unitof measurement for-each itemsliallbethatstatedfortheitem inti WorkClaSsificatlcmJ Theumt'afmeasurement stated against a descriptive featu in the. Work: Classification, shall appfyto all items to which that descriptive featu applies;

:ut,.Measurement rules in the Work Classification set out the conditions und. which work shall be measured and the method by which the quantities shall t computed if other than in accordance with paragraph 5.18.

3.7. Definition rules in the Work Classification define the extent and limits of H class of work represented by a word or expression used in the Wo Classification and in a Bill of Quantities prepared in accordance with CESMM3

Coverage rules

3.8, Coverage rules in the Work Classification provide that the work stated deemed to be included in the appropriate items to the extent that such work included in the Contract. A coverage rule does not state all the work covered by a

7

vii engi_ divisions ; a fist of

e 13m of Additional description rules

: to one

item and does not preclude any of the work stated being covered by a MethodRelated Charge.

rhe first different s. Each cornpo.

3.9. Description of an item in addition to that required in accordance with paragraph 3.1 shall be given where required by any provision of section 5 or by any applicable additional description rule in the Work Classification. Where additional description is given, a separate item shall be given for each component of work exhibiting a different additional feature. e.q.

Additional description rule A 1 of class H requires that the specification of the concrete in each precast concrete unit shalf be stated. Accordingly. this rule also means that separate items shall be given for units cast from concrete of different specifications.

'ks shaH ried out

3.10. Where a descriptive feature in the Work Classification identifies a range or group of dimensions and an applicable additional description rule requires the particular dimension to be stared. the range or group of dimensions shall not also be stated, e.g.

Additional description rule A2 of class! requires that the nominal bores of pipes shall be stated in item descriptions. The range of nominal bore taken from the second division of the classification of class I shall not also be stated.

BS4449 md mild

nitation

Applicability of rules 20 rnrn

3.11. Rules printed on a right,hand page above a double line apply to all work in the class. Other rules on a right-hand page apply to particular groups of items as shown by the classification table.

resuch

ast into in both

hat the ran one

vpes of f"crude IS listed' ;e mass ,.H.'i'

rr inthe feature feature

; under :hall be

) of the Work ;MM3.

ated is vork is :J by an

CODING AND NUMBERING OF ITEMS

Coding

4.1, For convenience of reference each item in the Work Classification has be assigned a code number consisting of a letter and not more than three digits. T letter corresponds to the class in the Work Classification in which the item occi and the digits give the position of the item in the first, second and third divisions the class, e.g.

Code H 1 3 6 identifies an item as

class H

first division 1

second division 3 third division 6

precast concrete beams

length 7-10 m mass 5-10 t

4.2, The symbol e is used in the rules to the Work Classification to indicate numbers in the appropriate division, e.q.

H 1 3 • means the group of code numbers from H 1 3 1 to H 1 3 8 inclusive.

Item numbers

4.3. Code numbers may be used to number the items in the Bill of Quantities, t items within the Bil! of Quantities being listed in order of ascending code numbs

4.4. Code numbers used as item numbers in the Bill of Quantities shall not for part of the item descriptions or be taken into account in the interpretation of t Contract.

Coding d unclassified items

.t5. Where a feature of an item is not listed in the Work Classification the di, 9 'mali be uSeO'm4iUf"af}pmpnat&positions iflothe code number.

4.6. Where there is en item to which a division of classification does not apply for which fewer than three divisions of classification are given the digit 0 shall , used in the appropriate positions in the code number,

Numbering of items with additional description

4.7. Additional description given for an item in accordance with paragraph 3.9 not represented by the code number. Where code numbers are used as ite numbers a suffix number shall be used to distinquish Hems which have the sar CQde-~but.di'ffe'rent. additional description, e,g.

Additional description. rule A 1 of class H requires that additional description ghtenfur"precast',concrete,urnts ,stating their ,position in the Works .and 'ti specification of the concrete used. If three items are required within one Pi of the ,B.iIi oUlu.antltla5. to.allcw for precast concrete, beams having the san codt!" but' different 'addftionardescription/the items' should .be nu mbe red

HT 3f:r .. l HT36._2 H136.3

SEctiON 5. PREPARATION OF THE Bill OF QUANTITIES

IS been!\lleasuremel1t of completed work s. The

occurs

,ions of$ections of the Bill of Quantities

5.1. Appropriate provisions of this Section shall also apply to the measurement of completed work.

5.2. The Bill of Quantities shall be divided into the following sections. (a) List of principal quantities

(b) Preamble

(c) Davwork Schedule

(0') Work items (grouped into parts) (el Grand Summary,

Ust of principal quantities

5.3. A list of the principal components of the Works with their approximate estimated quantities shal! be given solely to assist renderers in making a rapid assessment of the general scale and character of the proposed Works prior to the examination of the remainder of the Bill of Quantities and the other contractual documents on which their tenders wil! be based.

cate all

ies, the Preamble .imber.

5.4, The Preamble shall state the methods of measurement other than CESMM3, if any, which have been adopted in the preparation of the Bill of Quantities and are to be used for the measurement of any part of the Works. Such methods of measurement shall comprise those adopted and to be used for any work not covered by CESMM3 and any amendments to CESMM3 which have been adopted and are to be used. Amendments comprising abbreviation of CESMM3 are usually necessary for Contractor-designed work and work which is intended to involve selection between alternatives at the discretion of the Contractor, The extent.ofthe .. w.ork.affected,by aU amendments to CESMM3 shall be stated in the Preamble.

)t form of the

re digit

pplyor hall be

5.5. Where excavation, boring Of driving is included in the work a definition of rock shall be given in the Preamble and this definition shall be used for the purposes of measurement

13.9 is rs item e same

Daywork Schedule

5.6, The Daywork Schedule, if any, shall comprise either

("') a listof the various classes of labour, materials and plant for which Daywork rates or prices: are to. be, inserted bV the tenderer together with a statement of the conditions under which the Contractor shall be paid for work executed on a Daywork basis, or

(b) a statement that the Contractor shall be paid for work executed on a Davwork basis. 8uates.and.pricesca!cuJated by adding the percentage additions stated in the Schedules' of DayWorks carried out incidents! to Contract Work issued by the Federatlonof· Civil..Engineering Contractors to the rates and prices contained fotheaforementioned:Schedules and by making further adjustments as follows ..

lion be indthe rre parr 3 same :1

Schedule 1: .. Labour Schedule. 2: Materials Schedule 3.: Plant

Schedule 4: Supplementary chargest

addition/deduction' of ~- tper cent addinonrdeduction" of - tpercent addition/deduction' of - tper cent addition/deduction' of - t per cent

* Appropriate deletion to be, maqe bv the Contractor when tendering tPercentage to be inserted by the Contractor when tendering

:tSupplementary charges shall not include the charges referred to in notes and conditions 2{ii1, 3 and 6 of schedule 4

Payments shall be made under the conditions and using the rates and prices contained in the edition of the aforementioned Schedules current at the date of execution of the Davwork.

Headings and sub-headings

5.9: Each part of the Bill of Quantities shall be given a heading and groups of items within each part be given sub-headings. Headings and sub-headings shall be read as part of the item descriptions to which they apply. A line shall be drawn across the item description column below the last item to which each heading or sub-heading applies. Headings and sub-headings shall be repeated at the start of each new page which lists items to which they apply.

G

10

5.7. Provisional Sums for work executed on a Daywork basis may be given comprising separate items for labour. materials, plant and supplementary charges. Where a Daywork Schedule of the form stated in suo-paraqraph {b) of paragraph 5.6 is used each Provisional Sum shall be followed by an item for the adjustment referred to in that sub-paragraph. The price inserted against each such item shall be calculated by applying the percentage addition or deduction inserted by the Contractor in the Daywork Schedule to the amount of the associated Provisional Sum.

Work items

Division of the Bill of Quantities into parts

5.8. The items in the Bill of Quantities which are to be priced and to contribute to the Tender Total may be arranged into numbered parts to distinguish between those parts of the work of which the nature, location. access, limitation on sequence or timing or any other special characteristic is thought likely to give rise to different methods of construction or considerations of cost. General items (class A) may be grouped as a separate part of the Bill of Quantities. Items in each part shalt be arranged in the general order of the Work Classification.

Extent of itemization and description

5,10. All work shall be itemized and the items shall be described in accordance with the Work Classification, but further itemization and additional description may be provided if the nature. location, importance or any other special characteristic of the work is thought likely to give rise to special methods of construction or considerations of cost.

Descriptions

5.11, Descriptions shall identify the work covered by the respective items. but the exact nature and extent of the work is to be ascertained from the Drawings, Specification and Conditions of Contract, as the case may be. read in conjunction with the:WadcClassification .. ·

5.12.. Any. detail. ot.descnpticn requiredto be given .in accordance with the Work CtassfficatiorrmaYc.be.cmftted,;from;an item description provided that a reference is given in its place which identifies precisely where the omitted information may be fcund.on, acdrawing Of .in. the Specificsticn.

5.13...·. Where: arr item-description compiledin eccordance.with the Work Classification woufd,be:insufficfentlo iciehtifyclearly the particular work covered by the item additionatd'escription<shalf"begiven to identify the work by reference hits location orotherphYslC1Jffeaturos shown orr the Drawings or described in the S·pecification.

!1:14. ,'\Nhematl the components of work included in an item are of one dimenslon within-a range-given-in theWorkOasslfication that dimension may be stated in the item description in place of the range of dimensions given,

Prirtre' Cast ttems

5'. TIS. The estimated price of work to be carried out by a Nominated Sub-contractor shall be given in the Bifi 01 Quantities as a Prime Cost Item. Each Prime Cost rrern shall be followed by

(a) an item for a sum for labours in connection therewith Which, in the absence of any express provision in the Contract to the contrary, shall include only

iii in any case in which the Nominated Sob-contractor is to carry O\1t work

ibute to In those ence Of lifferent maybe ,hall be

on the Site for allowing him to use temporary roads, scaffolding, hoists, messroorns, sanitary accommodation and welfare facilities which are provided by the Contractor for his own use and for providing space for office accommodation and storage of plant and materials, for disposing of rubbish and for providing light and water for the work of the Nominated Sub-contractor, and

(ii) in any case in which the Nominated Sub-comractor is not to carry out work on the Site for unloading, storing and hoisting materials supplied by him and returning packing materials. and

Ib) an item expressed as a percentage of the price of the Prime Cost Item in respect of all other charges and profit.

e given llentary h (b) of I for the st each ;duction

of the

5.16. Where any goods. materials or services supplied by a Nominated Subcontractor are 10 be used by the Contractor in connection with any item, reference shall be made in the description of that item, or in the appropriate heading or subheading, to the Prime Cost Item under which the goods or materials or services are to be supplied.

cups of Provisional Sums ;IS shaH

;haU be

:h each

sated at

5.17. Provision for contingencies shall be made by giving Provisional Sums in the 8i1! of Quantities and not by increasing the quantities beyond those of the work expected to be required. Provisional Sums for specific contingencies shall be given in the general items of the Bill of Ouantities. A Provisional Sum for a general contingency allowance, if required, shall be given in the Grand Summary in accordance with paragraph 5.25.

Ice with Quantities may be

c of the

isidera-

5.18. The quantities Shall be computed net using dimensions from the Drawings, unless directed otherwise by a measurement rule in CESMM3 or by the Contract and no allowance shall be made for bulking, shrinkage or waste. Quantities may be 'founded up or down where appropriate. Fractional quantities are not generally necessary and should not be given to more than one place of decimals,

but the

swinqs, Units of measurement unction

5.19. The following units of measurement and abbreviations shall be used.

Unit Abbreviation

Issificahe item ocation icatiorr.

Millimetre mm
Metre m
Square miflimetre mm2 or mm2
Square metre m2 or m2
Hectare ha
Cubic metre mO or m3
Kilogramme kg
Tonne
Sum sum
Number nr
Hour h
Week wk e Work renee is may be

iension j in the

Work affected by water

5.20. Where an existing body of open water (other than groundwater) such as a river, stream, canal. lake or body of tidal water is either on the Site or bounds the Site, each body of water shall>be identified in the Preamble to the Bill of Ouantities: A reference shattatsobe given to a drawing indicating the boundaries and surface level of each body of water or, where the boundaries and surface leyels fluctuate, their anticipated ranges of fluctuation.

snce of y

t work

Ground and excavation levels

5.21, The Commencing Surface shall be identified in the description of each item for work involving excavation, boring or driving for which the Commencing Surface is not the Oriqinal Surface. The Excavated Surface shall be identified in the

ltrsctor .st Item

12

Form and setting

5.22. The Bill of Quantities should be set out on paper of A4 size. The work items should be set out within columns headed and ruled consecutively as follows.

description of each item for work involving excavation for which the Excavated Surface is not the Final Surface. The depths of excavation stated in accordance with the Work Classification shall be measured from the Commencing Surface to the Excavated Surface.

Column heading Number

Item description Unit

Quantity

Rate

Amount: £

p

Column width 20 mm

90 mm

10 mm

20 mm

20 mm

20 mm

8mm

5.23. Provision shall be made for the amounts inserted on each page to be totalled and carried to a summary of each part of the Bilt of Quantities and for the total of each Part Summary to be carried to the Grand Summary.

Grand Summary

5.24. The Grand Summary shall contain a tabulation of the parts of the BiJl of Quantities with provision for insertion of the total of the amounts brought forward from the Part Summaries.

General Contingency Allowance

5.25. A Provisional Sum fora general contingency (the General Contingency Allowance), jf required, shall be given in the Grand Summary following the total of the amounts brought forward from the Part Summaries.

Adjustment Item

5.26. An item described as the Adjustment ltem shall be given in the Grand Summary following the total of the amounts brought forward from the Part Summaries and the General Contingency Allowance, if any (see paragraphs 6.3, 6.4 and 6.5).

Totarof the Price<fBifI of Gwmtities , .

fi!Z12 FrovislO1l:snall. !J~ made ,fur. insertion. ofthe::romt oitha-amolin'ts· brought forward from the Part Summaries, the amount of the General Contingency Affow3rtCe;;ifany,'and'.the:amauntofthe Adiustment'ftem.

13

COMPLETION, PfUC~NG AND USE OF THE Bill OF QUANTiTIES

6.1. Rates and prices shall be inserted in the rate column of the Bill of Quantities in pounds sterling with pence inserted as decimal fractions of one pound.

:avated ::ewith

to the ParJ to be totalled

k items

'S.

otaHed total of

Bill of orward

ngency total of

Grand \e Part Ihs 6.3,

Jroug:ht . ngency

6.2.. Each part of the Bm of Quantities shall be totalled and the totals carried to the Grand Summary.

:Adjustment Item

6.3. A tenderer may insert a lump sum addition or deduction against the Adjustment Item given in the Grand Summary in adjustment of the total of the priced Bill of Quantities.

6.4. For the purposes of clause 60 interim additions or deductions on account of the amount, if any, of the Adjustment Item shari be made by instalments in interim certificates in the proportion that the amount referred to in clause 60(2){a) bears to the total of the priced Bill of Quantities before the addition or deduction of the amount of the Adjustment Item and a statement to this effect shall appear in the Preamble to the Bill of Quantities. Such interim additions or deductions shall be made before deduction of the retention moneys, and shall not exceed in the aggregate the amount of the Adjustment Item. If by the date of issue pursuant to clause 43 of the Certificate of Substantial Completion for the whole of the Works any balance of the amount of the Adjustment Item is outstanding it shall be added to or deducted from the moneys then due.

6.5. In determining the Effective Value for the purposes of the Contract Price Fluctuations clause, if applicable, account shall be taken of any addition to or deduction from the amounts due to the Contractor under clause 60 in respect of the Adjustment Item,

14

SECTION 7. METHOD·RELATED CHARGES

Definitions 7.1. For the purposes of this section the following words and expressions! have the meanings hereby assigned to them.

(al 'Method-Related Charge' means the sum for an item inserted in the Bi Quantities by a tenderer in accordance with paragraph 7.2.

(b) 'Time-Related Charge' means a Method-Related Charge for work the cos which is to be considered as proportional to the length of time taken to exec the work.

te) 'Fixed Charge' means a Method-Related Charge which is not a Time-Rei" Charge.

Insertion by a tenderer

7.2. A tenderer may insert in the Bill of Quantities such items for Method-Rela Charges as hernay decide to cover items of work relating to his intended methor executing the Works, the costs of which are not to be considered as proportiona the quantities of the other items and for which he has not allowed in the rates < prices for the other items.

itemization

7.3. Where possible the itemization of Method-Related Charges should follow' order of classification and the other requirements set out in class A of the We Classification, distinguishing between Time-Related Charges and Fixed Charg Method-Related Charges may be inserted to cover items of work other than the set out in class A.

Description

7.4. Each item for a Method-Related Charqe inserted in the Bill of Quantities slbe fully described so as to define precisely the extent of the work covered and identify the resources to be used and the !=lart/cular items of Permanent Works Temporary Works, if any, to which the item relates.

Contractor not bound to adopt method

7.5. The "'sertion by the Contractor of an item for a Method-Related Charge in t Bill of Quantities when tendering shall not bind him to adopt the method stated the item description in executing the Works.

Charges not to be measured

7.6. Method-Related Charges shall not be subject to admeasurement but shall deemed to be prices for the purposes of clauses 5211), 52(2) and 56(2).

Payment

7.7. Meth'od-Related Charges shaff be certified and paid pursuant to claus 60{ 1 Hd) and6O(2Hal;8hdi:atstatementto;this<effect.shaUappewJn1:he·f'~amb{e. the. Bill ofOuantfties. .. ' v -.

Peyment·wheft. metboctnot adopted

7.8.. In·tha;evenr of the .satisfactoiyexecution tif any.partof.the WoH:swhichh been the subject of an item for a Method-Related Charge using, whether in whc or in part; a method ,other than that described in. the item, the-COntraCtor so, nevertheless be entitled to payment of the Method-.Refated Charge or:thebaJan thereof, as.the case may be, by suchinstalments . .at such .times and "upon SUI events as may from time to time be agreed between the Engineer and tl Ccntrectcr, In default of such agreement the:' Method-Related' Charge> or tl balance then unpaid, shall be treated as if it were an addition to the Adjustme Item referred to in paragraphs 6.3, 6.4 and 6.5 and allowed to the Contractor t way of instalments in interim certificates accordingly. The amount of a Metho Related Charge shall be neither increased nor decreased by reason only of ar change in method made by the Contractor, unless such change has been orders by the Engineer, in which case the provisions of clause 52 shall apply.

iiI! of

sst of ecute

'Iated

lated od of ral to sand

N the Work Irges. those

shaH nd to °ks,.~r

shaH

8. WORK CLASSIFICATION

General items, 16

Ground investigation. 20

Geotechnical and other specialist processes, 28

Demolition and site clearance, 32

Earthworks, 34

In situ concrete, 40

Concrete ancillaries, 42

Precast concrete, 46

Pipework-pipes, 48

Pipework-fittings and valves, 50

Pipework-manholes and pipework ancillaries, 52

Pipework-supports and protection, ancillaries to laying and excavation, 56

Structural metalwork, 60

Miscellaneous metalwork, 62

in the .• Class 0: Timber, 64

ted in

al! be

'Class P: Piles, 66

0: Piling ancillaries, 10

(fuses

ble. to: Rail track, 78

R: Roads and pavings, 74

Class T: Tunnels, 82
hhas
vhole Class U: Brickwork, blockwork and. masonry. 88
shall
lIanee-. Class V: Painting. 90
such
d the Class W: Waterproofing. 92
,[ the
tment Class X; Miscellaneous work, 94
or by
-thod- Class Y: Sewer and water main renovation and ancilary works,96
,f any
dered Class Z: Simple building works incidental to civil engineering works, 102 16

CLASS A: GENERAL ITEMS

Includes: General obligations. site services and facilities. Temporary Works. testing of materials and work. Provisional Sums and Prime Cost Items

Items to cover elements of the cost of the work which are not to be considered as proportional to the quantities of the Permanent Works

-~--------~----~-~----- .. -I----------------~.----}----------------~.--------

1 Contractual requirements 1 Performance bond

- 2 Insurance ofthe Works 3 Third party insurance

3 Method-Related Charges

SECOND DIVISION

FIRST DIVISION

lEA

THIRD DIVISION

_. -

Z Specified requirements

1 Accommodation for the Engineer's staff 1 Offices
2 Laboratories
3 Cabins
.. _---- -- --~~
2 Services for the Engineer's staff 1 Transport vehicles
2 Telephones
3 Equipment for use by the Engineer's staff 1 Office equipment
2 Laboratory equipment
3 Surveying equipment
..
4 Attendance upon the Engi neer' s staff 1 Drivers
2 Chainmen
3 laboratory assistants . -
U
gai,
!JqU
-_ ;to
ete
ceo
nit
taft
U
laS-!
em
SIt 5 Testing of materials 6 Testing of the Works

~- ----------+----------------~

7 Temporary Works 1 Traffic diversions 2 Traffic reg utation 3 Access roads

4 Bridges

5 Cofferdams 6 Pumping

7 De-watering

_c 8 Compressed airfortunnelling

~~----------~-_____+---------,-, .. -~~ .. -~~~~-~f___._------,---------.:----.--- .. ,.--

1 Accommodation and buildings 1 Offices 0«

2 Laboratories »«

3 Cabins )yl

4 StoresL ... itl

5 Canteens and messroorns

1-- .. +_.

z. Services-

t EIectr'ici1y Z Water

3 Security

4 Hoardings

5 Site.transport:

6 Personnel tra nsport 7 Welfare

.:

3 Plant .. "

1 Cranes

2 Transport

3 Earthmoving·· 4 Compaction

5 Concrete mixing

6 Concrete transport 7 Pile drilling

8 Pile boring

1------

1 Pipelaying 2 Paving

3 Tunnelling

4 Crushing and screening 5 Boring and drifhng

'----- .. -----~---- •. "~ L...... " ~._ ..•.. ~

4 Plant

I continued)

HI:

M re

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

. - --~~~"'~~"""~'l.

17

CLASS A

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

M1 The unit of measurement for . genera! items shall be the sum, excepl where another unit of measurement is used in

accordance with rule M2.

C1 Items for insu ranee cI assed as contrectust requirements shall be deemed to i nelude on Iy provision of in su ranee in accordance with clauses 21 and 23 unless otherwise stated.

M2 A quantity shall be given against aU items for specified requirements of which the value is to be ascertained and

determined by admeasu rement in . accordance with clause 56(1). A unit of measurement shall be Slated for each such item.

M3 Items shall be giver .. " this class for all resting for which

aems are not given separately as set aut in other classes.

M4 ttems for Method·Rei{Jred Charges. if any, shaH be inserted by the tenderer in accorda nee with section 7.

01 All work other than the Permanent Works which is expressty stated in the Contract to be carried out by the Contractor and of which the natu re and extent is expressly stated in the Contract shaH be classed as specified requirements.

A 1 Item descriptions for work classed as specified requirements which is to be carried out afterthe issue of the Cartlficata of Substantial Completion shall so state.

A2. ttem descriptions for work classed as specified requirements shall distinguish between the establishment and removal of services or facilities and [heir continuing operation or maintenance.

A3 Item descriptions for resting of materials and resting ot tbe Works shall include particulars of samples and of methods of testing.

A4 Item descriptions for Method-Related Charges shall distinguish between Fixed and Time-Related Charqes.

NOTE

Method~Refared Charge-smay be Inserted by the te-ndefer in accordance with paragraph 7.2 for in sur ances addftional to those cfass ed as contr-actual requirements.

18

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
-. T~_CC~_"~· ~~~~---
3 Method·Related Charges (conrinued'l 5 Temporary Works 1 Traffic diversions
2 Traffic regulation
3 Access roads
4 Bridges
5 Cofferdams
6 Pumping
7 De-waterinq
8 Compressed air for tu
6 Temporary Works , Access scaffolding
2 Support scaffolding a
3 Piling
4 Formwork
5 Shahs and pits
6 Hardstandings
,-~~~~~.
7 Supervision and labour 1 Supervision
2 Administration
3 labour teams
.
4 Provisional Sums 1 Daywork 1 labour
2 Percentage adjustrne
Sum for Davwork Jab
3 Materials
4 Percentage adjust me
Sum for Oaywork mat
5 Plant
6 Percentage adjustme
Sum for Oaywork pia
7 Supplementary charg
8 Percentage adjustme
for Oaywork supplem
2 Other Provisional Sums -I----~
-~.~.
5 Nominated Sub-contracts which include 1 Prime Cost Item
work on the Site 2 labours
6 Nominated Sub-contracts which do not 3 Special labours
include work on the Site 4 Other charges ~nd profit I
!
I
!
I
I
~~~~~----- T_~_~~,~"~~_ -,,~" L_~ ~c~~_ CLASS A

nnelling

nd propping

:.1\11 nt to Provisional .. a, our:: fo

:·w

nt to Provisional erials

nt to Provisional nt

.a, es (th nt to Provisional Sum:S entary charges

rule at head of class on page 17)

Items for MeThod, RelaTed if any, shall be inserted tenderer in accordance section 7.

COVERAGE RULES

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

DEFINITION RULES

Surn

Sclledule.

19

CLASS A

A4 Item descriptions for Method-Related Charges shall distinguish between Fixed and Firne-Helated Charges.

AS Item descriptions for Prime Cost {(ems shall identify the work included.

M6 Each Prime Cost Item Shall be followed by an item for labours an item for other charges and

in accordance with

."", tlll;,on"."h 5.15. Where labours than or in addition to those in sub-peraqraph la) of ."·:-n'''Mror,h 5.15 are to be provided labours shall be

",,'. n ... ",,~,,'" as for special labours.

AS The labours shall be stated in item descnpuons for specie! labours.

20

CLASS B: GROUND INVESTIGATION

Excludes:

Trial pits and trenches. boreholes. samples. site and laboratory tests, instrumental observations and professional

services in connection with grou nd investigation lEAS

Excavation not carried out for the purpose of ground investigation (included in class E)

Boring for piling (included in classes P and Q)

Includes:

fiRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
, Trial pits and trenches 1 Number in material other than rock or 1 Maximum depth: not exceedinq 1 m
2 Number in material which includes 2 1-2m
rock nr 3 2-3m
4 3-5m
5 5-10m
, 6 10-15m
7 15-20m
8 stated exceeding 20 rn
,~~"-
3 Depth in material other than rock m
4 Depth in rock m
5 Depth suppo rted m
6 Depth backfilled, materia! stated m
7 Removal of obstructions h
8 Pumping at a stated minimum
~.fata". h
~
2 Light cable percussion boreholes 1 Number nr
3 Depth m 1 In holes of maximum depth:
not exceeding 5 m
2 5--10m
3 10-20 m
Ji l0-30m
30-40m
stated exceeding 40 m
6 Depth backfilled, material stated ml
T Chiselling IUproII& rock (Jrto: 7
penetrateobstructiorrs h
~
--- ~-~~
3 Rotary drilled boreholes 1 Number nr
1. Oeptlt.withaut conHe£;Oltery m 1 fn holes of maximurnoepth:
.4: Depth' withcorerecoverv' m not exceeding 5 m
2 5-iOm
3 10-20 m
4 20-3Qm
5 30-40m
6 staled exceeding 40 m
c~~~_~ ____ • .-. . --.--~'"-~~ ~'"~~_.c~~,,_' .
5 Depth cased m
s Depthbackfflfed, material stated m
T Corebo>res, length of COr{1<'state<t· nr
I "'1 :lem

Tle3 xpr

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

21

CLASS B

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

Cl Items for ground investigation shall be deemed to inclu de prepa ration and submission of records and results,

C2 Items for ground investigation shall be deemed to include disposal of excavated material and removal of dead services,

m

loll Chiselling to prove rock or ro penetrate obstructions shall be measured only where it is expressly required.

Cl Items for the depth of!ig ht cable percussion boreholes shaH be deemed to include casings.

A 1 Item descri ptions forthe number a nd depth of tria! pits and trenches shall state the min imu m plan area at the bottom of the pit or trench or, where the work is undertaken to locate services, the maximum length of the trench.

A2 Item desert ptions forthe number and depth of tria! pits and trenches {B 11-4.) shaH identify separately those Which are expressly required to be excavated by ha nd,

A3 Item descriptions for pumping shall state any special de-watering methods which are expressly recui red.

A4 hem descriptions for the number and depth of light cable percussion boreholes sha II state the nomina I diameter of !he bases of the boreholes.

01 Rotary drilled boreholes shall be classified as such whether the boring is carried.out by.a rig or·bo,I an attachment

02 Core boxes shalt be deemed to become the property of the Employer unless otherwise, state<l

03 The maximum depth used for classification of rotary drilled borehoieswhich are continuations of light.cable,

pe rcussion boreholes shall be measured from the Commencing Surface of the light cable percussion borehole,

AS Item descriptions for rotary drilled boreholes shall state the nom inal minimum core diameter.

A6 ftem descriptions for the number of rotary drilled boreholes shall state those wh ieh are.ccntinuanons of light cable percussion boreholes.

A7 Item descriptions for rotary drilled boreholes which are inclined shall state the angle of inclination.

22

CLASS B

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

4 Samples

nr 1 From the surface or from trial pits a nd trenches

1 Undisturbed soft material 2 Oisturbed soft material

3 Rock

4 Groundwater

2 From boreholes

1 Open tube 2 Disturbed

3 Groundwater

4 Stationary piston 5 Swedish foil

6 Delft

7 Bishop sand

5 Site tests and observations

1

1 Permeability

2

2 GroundwaterJevel

3 Standard penetration

4 Penetration vane 5 Vane in borehole 6 Pressure meter

1 Plate bearing

2 Self"boring pressure meter 3 California bearing ratio

5',; In situt1ensitv

6' < Mackintosh probe

1 Standpipes
2 Pielomelers
3 Install covers
4 Readings
Installations
4 Readings
1 InstaUations
4 Readings 3 Senlement gauges 4 Resistivity

5 Seismic

6 Magnetometer 7 Self-potentiet 8 Gravimetric

rtf nr nf

OEFINITION RULES

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

23

CLASS B

AS Item descriptions for samplessha!l state their size. type and class ,n accordance with as 5930.

h

A9 Item descriptions for permeability tests sha 11 state the type and give particulars of the tests.

nr

A 10 Item descriptions for groundwater level observations shall state when the measurements are to be taken.

nr

nr

A 1 t item descriptions for standard penetretion tests shaH state whether they are in light cable percussion boreholes or rota ry drilled boreholes.

A 12 Item descriptions for plate bearing tests shall state whether they are in pits and trenches or boreholes or at the surface.

or nr

rTr

A 13 Item descriptions for static cone sounding tests shall state the maximum depth of the cone and. where electric cones are used, the· maximum capacity of the machine.

rTr

A 14 Item descriptions for hand auger borehole tests and observations shall state the minimum diameter and the maximum-depth of the boreholes.

J'T1' rn nr nr

rn of

fir fif

C4 Items for inclinometers and settlement gauges shaH be deemed to include provision of special boreholes.

A15 Item descriptions for instrumentst observetions shalf state details ot the type of observations a nd the type of protective fences.

A16 Item descriptions for inclinometers and settlement gauges shall slate whether the instruments are in special boreholes.

24

CLASS B

FIRST DIVISION

nr

6 Soil strength

1 Moisture content 2 Atterberg limits 3 Specific 9 ray itv

4 Particle size analysis by sieve

5 Particle size analysis by pipette or hydrometer

6 Frostsusceptibility

I-~-------~----~~----------- --------~--------

7 laboratory tests

2 Chemical content 1 Organic matter 2 Sulphate

3 pHvalua

4 Contaminants

SECOND DIVISION

Classification

THIRD DIVISION

3 Compaction

1 Standard 2 Heavy

3 Vibratory

4 Consolidation

1 Oedorneter cell 2 Triaxialcctl

3 Rowecell

1 Constant head 2 FaWng head

5 Permeability

1 Quick undrained triaxial

2 Consolidated undrained triaxial. with pore water pressure measu rement

3 Consolidated dr ai ned triaxjal.,~

volume change measurement 4 Shearbox: peak only

5 peak and residual

6 residual only

7 ringshear

8 California bearing ratio

1 Rock strength

1 Unconfilled compressive strength of coresamples

Z Consolidated drainedtriaxi al. with '.

volume changemeasuremem 3 Brazilian

4 Ring shear 5 Poimtoad,

"."'" .

V 25
CLASS B
i!~ rul es a t head of class on page 21)
ADDITIONAL
.w:.~11 I. RULES DEFINITION RULES COVERAGE RULES DESCRIPTION RULES
--
~-. A17 Item descriptions for tests
for contaminants shalt stale the
standards required and the
contaminants to be analysed
,~
A18 Item descriptions tor triaxial
cell and Rowe cell tests shall state
the n Urn ber of ;ncreme nts and the
effective pressures,
... ~~
A19 ltern descriptions for quick
pore undrained triaxia/tests shall state
the diameter and whether a
single, multistage or set of three
specimens is required.
AlO Item descriptions for
consolidated triaxiaitests shall
state the diameter-and the
effective pressu res. Mu ttista ge
tests shall be identified in item
descri ptions.
A21 Item descriptions for
shearboxtests shall stale the
normal pressures and the site of
the shearbox.
Al2 Item descriptions fnr
Cehtornie bearing retio tests shall
stale the ccrnpactive effort,
SU rcharge and W"hethe r soaking is
required.
A23 ftem descriptions for
care unconfined compressive strength
tests.shalt state the diamerer and
I the height of the samples"
I Al4 Item descripti ons for
! ~ consolidated drained (rjaxialWsts
shall Slate the diameter and the
I heighrofthe samples and the
effective pressure.
A25 Item descripnons for
Brazi!iantests shall Stale the
diameter and the length of the
samples.
A26 Item descriptions for ring
sbeerves:« shall stale the normal
pressure and the diameter of (he
samples.
A21 Item descriptions for pomt
ioad:es1s shall stale the type of
test required and the minimum
dimensions of the samples. 26

CLASS B

1 Technician h U P

2 Technician engineer h nail b

1-- ~ __ ~~~ ~. __4--------~~--------"-~.""----'ey a.

h 1 Graduate i>alys 2 Chartered

3 Principal or consultant U 1

I- + ~ . __ ~ .. . __ ~ __ iork;r

ours ·~c_

3 Engineer or geologist

FIRST DIVISION

________ ~ _+_-_---------------t---------.----.-"".------ .. '

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

"EAS

8 Professional services

4 Visits to the Site

5 Overnight stays in connection with visits to the Site

or

or

at head of class on page 21 J

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

27

CLASS B

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

The hours measured shaH be hours and shall exclude ocwpied in travel, meals,

C5 Items for professional services shall be deemed 10 include preparation and submission of reports and keeping records ohime spent.

C6 items for visits to the Site and overnight stays in connection with visits to the Site shall be deemed to include travelling, meats, accommodation and other incidental expenses.

28

CLASS C: GEOTECHNICAL AND OTHER SPECIALIST PROCESSES

Includes; Geotechnical processes for altering the properties of soils and rocks Other specialist processes as listed

Excludes; Compaction {included in class El

Grouting carried out from within tunnels. shafts and other subterranean cavities (included in class T) Grouting carried out from within sewers [included in class VI

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
- ,~~
1 Drilling for grout holes through material 1 Vertically downwards 1 In holes of depth:
otherthan rock or artificial hard material 2 Downwards at an angle 0"-45" to the not exceeding 5 m m
2 Drilling for grout holes through rock Or vertical 2 5-10 m m
a rtificial hard material 3 Horizontally or downwards at an angle 3 10-20 m m
3 Driving injection pipes for grout holes less than 45" to the horizontal 4 20-30m m
4 Upwards at an angle 0'-45" to the 5 30-40 m m
horizontal 6 stated exceeding 40 m m
5 Upwards at an angle less than 450 to the
vertical
--~-
4 Grout holes nr 1 Number of holes
2 Number of stages
3 Single water pressure tests
4 Multiple water pressure tests
_ .. --------------
5 Grout materials and injection 1 Materials t 1 Cement
2 Pulverized fuel ash
3 Sand
4 Pea gravel
5 Bentonite
6 Chemicals
2 Injection , Number of injections nr
2 Neat cement grout t
3 Cement and slated filler 9rout t
4 Chemical grout t
5 Other stated grout t
6 Single packer settings nr
7 Double packer settings nr
~~-
6 Diaphragm walis 1 Excavation inmateriaiothen:tran' 1 Maximui-n.depth:inDt:e)lceeding'S:m
[ rock or artificial hard material m3 2 5--10m
Excavation'irl.:r:odc m3 :i: to-l5'm·
fxcavatiOI'l'Tn artificfaf h1mf material m' 4 ·15-Z0·m:
5 20-25m
6 25-30m
7 state;i·exceeding3Q'm·
-- ~,- ~
4 Concrete m'
5 Plain round steel ba r reinforcement 1 Nominalsize: 6 mrn s·
to 8$4449 t 2 8mm
6 Deformed high yield steetbar 3 lO·mm·
reinfofcement to 8S 4449: t 4 12mm'
5 16mm
6 20mm
7 25mm
S 32 mm or greater
• __ "A "'~~,-~~'"'-.-~--
7 Waterproofed joints sum
S Guide walls m The volume of ,roncnl1esh,!i! be calculated as set ou!iorulesM1 andM2in ctass F.

:. MIG The mass measured for reinforcement!n diaphragm walls shaH include that of stiffening.

• lifting and supporting Sleei>:<lS1

. in.

The mass of steel

· reinforcement shall be taken as

· ·785 kgJm per 100 mm' of cross" IHIS Vm3). The mass of

· materials shall

be taken as stated in the Contract.

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

29

CLASS C

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

tn Drilling and excavation for work in this class shall be deemed to be in marerial otber than rock or artificial hard material unless otherwise stated in item descriptions.

Cl Items for worK in this class shall be deemed to include disposal of excavated material and removal of dead services.

A1 The diameters of holes shall be stated in item descriptions fo r drilling and driving for grout holes and grout holes.

A2 The type of materials shall be stated in item descri ption s for grout materials.

A3 Item descriptions for the number of injectjons shall identify those which are in stages

d; stinguishing between those. which are in ascending and descending stages .

02. Diaphragm. waf/sate. walts constructed using bentonite slurry or other support fluids"

D3 The nominal sl.e stared-in .. item descriptions for bsr reinfarcemenrin diaphragm walls shart bel.he eross-secnonat size defined in as 4449.

. C2 Items fot excavation for diaphragm walls shal! be deemed to. include preparation and upholding sides of exclJVation.

C3 Items for concrete in diaphragm walls shall be deemed fOjl')ctvd& mmming the faces of diaphragm walls and preparing their tops. to.receive other work,

C4 Items for'reinforcement in diaphragm watlsshall be deemed to include supporting., reinforcement and preparing protruding reinforcement to receive other worK,

A4 The thicknesses of diaphragm walls shalt be stated in item descriptions for excavation and concrete for diaph '39m walls.

AS The natu re of the materia I shall be stated in item descriptions for excavation in artificial ttsrdmetorisi.

AS The mil( specifications or strengths shalt be staled in 'tem descr; ptions for concrete in diaphragm walls,

CLASSC

30

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
7 Ground anchorages Number in material other than 1 Temporary
rock or artificial hard material to a 2 Tern para ry with 51 ngle corrosion
stated maximum depth nr protection
2 Total length oftendons in material 3 Temporary with double corrosion
otherthan rock or artificial hard protection
material m 4 Permanent
3 Number in material which 5 Permanent with single corrosion
includes rock or artificial hard material protection
to a stated maximum depth nr 6 Permanent with double corrosion
4 Total length of tendons in material protection
wh ich includes rock or artificial ha rd
material m
8 Sand, band and wick drains , Num ber of dra ins or Cross-sectiona I dimension:
2 Number of predrilled holes or not exceeding 100 mm
3 Depth of overlying material m 2 1OQ-200mm
4 Depth ot drains of maxim u m depth: 3 20D-300mm
not exceeding 10 m m 4 300--400mm
5 1D-t5m m 5 4OG-500mm
6 15--20 m m 6 stated exceeding 500 mm
7 2D-25rn. m
8 stated exceeding 25 m m head of class on page 2:9)

COVERAGE RULES

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

of oredritted "",",m.pa,,,,,,.rt for sand, band and shall be the num ber required to be predrilled overlying material.

DEFINmON RULES

31

CLASS C

A7 The composition, location and working load and details of water and grout testing, pregrouting and grouting shall be staled in item descriptions for ground anchorages.

A8 Sand drains, band drains and wick drains shall be separately identified in item descriptions and the materials of which they are composed stated.

32

CLASS D: DEMOLITION AND SITE CLEARANCE

Includes: Demolition and removal of natural and artificial articles. objects and obstructions which are above the Original Surface

Excludes: Removal of articles, objects, obstructions and materials (other than tree roots) at Of below the Original Surface (included in classes C, E, I, J, K, L, R, T, X and Y)

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
~
1 General clearance ha
2 Trees or , Girth: 500 mm-l m
2 1-2m
3 2-3m
4 3-5m ,
5 exceeding 5 m
~~
3 Stumps nr 1 Diameter: 150-500 mm
2 500mm-1 m
3 exceeding 1 m
4 Buildings sum 1 Brickwork , Volume: not exceeding 50 m'
5 Other structures sum 2: Concrete 2 50-100 m3
3 Masonry 3 1ao-250m3
4 Metal 4 250-500m3
5 Timber 5 500-1000 m'
6 No predominant material 6 1000-2500 m3
7 2500-5000 m'
8 stated exceeding 5000 m'
--
6 Pipelines m , Nominal bore; 100-300 mm
2: 300-500 mm
1 exceeding 500 mm
~- -- c< DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

33

CLASS 0

AoomONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

C1 Item$ for demolition and site clearance shalt be deemed to include disposal of the materials arising.

A 1 Item descriptions for work from which the materials adsing remain the property afthe Employer shall $0 state.

01 General clearance shall include the demolition and removal of all articles, objects and obstructions which are expressly requ ired to be Cleared, except those for which separate items are given as set out in this class.

Co2 Items for general clearance which include the removal of hedges shan be deemed to include the removal of hedge stumps of any diameter where these are also required to be removed.

02 Girths of trees shall be measured 1 m above ground level.

C3 Items for clearance of trees shall be deemed to include removal of the stumps where they are also required to be removed.

A2 Item descriptions for general clearance shall identify the a rea included unless it is the total area of the Site.

A3 Where holes left by stump removal are to be backfilled, item descriptions for general clearance, trees and stumps shall state the nature of the backfilling materia I.

03 The volume used in the classification of buildings and other structures shall be their approximate volume occupied, excluding any volume below !he Original Surface.

A4 Buildings and ottver structures shall be identified in item descriptions.

C4 Items for demol ilion of pipelines shall be deemed 10 include demolition and removal of supports.

34

CLASS E: EARTHWORKS

Includes:

Excludes:

Excavation, dredging, filling. compaction, disposal and landscaping Excavation for:

ground investigation (included in class 6)

diaphragm walls and ground anchorages (included in class C)

pipes and sewers, manholes. trenches and ditches. pipe headings, thrust boring and pipe jacking. and pipe iointing (included in classes I, J, K, Land Vl

piles {included in classes P and Ol

foundations for traffic signs {included in class Rl

tunnels, shafts, headings and other subterranean cavities (included in class T) foundations for fences and gates (included in class X)

Reinstatement following pipe laying (included in class K)

FIRST DIVISION

1 Maximum depth: not exceeding 0,25 m

2 0·25-0·5 m

3 0·5-1 m

4 l-2m

5 2-5m

6 5-10 m

7 H}-15m

8 stated exceeding 15 m

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

1 Excavation by dredging m3 1 Topsoil

2 Excavation for cuttings m3 2 Material other than topsoil, rock or

-~---~-------------I artificial hard material

m3 3 Rock ,

m3 4 Stated artificial hard material exposed at

the Commencing Surface

5 Stated artificial ha rd material not exposed at the Commencing Surface

3 Excavation tor foundations 4 General excavation

M1 pa aa: us; Dr: bu Wt dif on sh

COl

M: dr. sh. irrt

or S{f

M: ex We vv« th •

. flu on is! ac

Ml

an oc be

35

CLASS E

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

DEFINITION RULES

C1 Items for excavation shaH be deemed to include upholding sides of excavation, additional excavation to provide working space and removal of dead services.

01 Excavated material shall be deemed to be material other than topsoil, rock or srtiticie! hard material unless otherwise stated in item descriptions.

02 Excavation in or under an embankment, executed prior 10 placing of fill, shall be classed as excsvetion for cuttings.

03 Excavation from within borrow pits shall be classed as general excavation.

A1 The location and limits of excavation by dredging shall be staled in item descriptions where its extent wou Id otherw ise be uncertain.

classed as by

of Ouantities as by dredging of the method of adopted by the

A2 Item descriptions for excavation below a body of open water identified in the Prea mble ; n accordance with paragraph 5.20 shall identify the body of water.

A3 The location and limits of excavation for toundetions shal! be stated in item descriptions where the li mits would 'otherwise be uncertain. Excavation around pile shafts and for underpinning shall each be so described and classed as excavation for foundations,

A4 The Commencing Surface sha U be identified in the description of each hem tor work involving excavation for which the Commencing Surface is not Ihe Original Surface. The Excavated Su rface shall be idemified in the description of each item for work involving excavation for which the Excavated Surface "5 not the Final Surface.

AS Item descriptions for excavation with,n borrow pits sha II so state.

AS Item descriptions sha II identify separately excavation which is expressly req u ired to be carried out by hand .

C2 Items for excavation within borrow pits sha 11 be deemed to include removal and replacement of overburden and unsuitable material.

volume measured tor of a structure or shall be the volume be either occupied by above any part of the foundation.

he volume measured for below a body of open be the volume below

"""~, ,,..n,,,, the water surface is at the higher level of applicable] shown

to wh ich reference

in the ble in

>N',wl.""pw;1h paragraph 520-

An isolated volume of artificial hard meteris! Or rock

. . occurrinq with in other mareriatrc be excavated shall n at be measured separately unless its volume exceeds' m3 except that the minimum volume shall be O·2Sm'where the net width at. excavaTion is less than 2 m.

M9 The volu me measured for excavation Within borrow pits

shall be the net volume measured for filling.

ARST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

36

CLASS E

1 Trimming of excavated surfaces 2 Preparation of excavated surfaces 3 Disposal 01 excavated material

4 Double handling of excavated

material

m' 1 Topsoil

m' 2 Material other than topsoil, rock or

m' artificial hard material

3 Rock

m3 4 Stated a rtifici a I ha rd materia I

5 Excavation ancillaries

5 Dredging to remove silt m'

6 Excavation of material below the Final Surface and replacement with stated

material m'

7 Timber supports left in m'

8 Metal supports left in m2

sur Per pre Ofr to r anc is 0'

M1 ext: sha the ane rna:

MT exc me. is e me. sha the whi .Mt, sha ext. tna' the "reai

6 Filling

I 1 Z 1 4

To structures Embanllmentsi Gener.#

To stated depth or thickness

m3jl Excavated topsoil m' Z . Imported topsoil

m:i . "'. Non'smec1e<fe>ccavated materi'a~other

m1 I than topsoil or rock

t 4' Selecte<fexca",ateci;material'otnerthart topsoil arrack

5 rrnported natura! material other than

topso i! or rock S" Excavated rock ' 7 Imported rock

a lrnponed artificiat·ma\efiaJ

rule at head of class On page 35)

which are 10 receive wherher expressly required su rfaces wh ieh are ng or landscaping for which formwork

oturne of disposal of

material measured difference between volume of excavation volume of excavated

used for ftlling" ubie handling of material shall be

only to the extent that it required. The volume

for double handling ofthe void formed in stockpi le from

the material is removed" Dredging to remove silt

measured only to the

it is ex presslv requ ired i accumulates arter Surface has been

shall be removed.

excavancns

"i1,mo,I."lerJ structures shall A,.me:lsu,ec only 10 the extent that led is also measured lSe:,e8"'!lion in accordance with

Thevolume of ia.oortea material measured shall be ".y"',d;'lfMP",tf! between the net

of fiiling and the net

of excavated material from work within classes

Where rock filting is oepo ssoft areas th e vo!vm e

be measured in the transport altt; e pi ace of deposi!ione

Where filling is to be deposwater, and the quantity be measured s3tisfactorily other means, its volume

be measured ,n the transport at 1 he pi ace of depOSition.

DEF1NIT10N RULES

COVERAGE RULES

37

CLASS E

ADOITIONAl DESCRIPTION RULES

04 Disposal of excavated material shall be deemed to be disposal off the Site unless otherwise stated in item descriptions,

05 Trimming~ preparation, disposal and double handling shalt be deemed to be carried out upon material other than topsoil, rock or artificial hard material unless otherwise stated in item descriptions,

06 Filling maler'a! shall be deemed to be non-setected excavated tnetnriet other than topsoil or rock, unless otherwise stated in item descriptions"

07 Filling material shall be classed as excavated rock only where the use of rock as filling at staled locations is expressly required"

08 Filling shall be classed as to stereo deprh or thickneSS where materia! is provided of uniform total compacted "depth or thickness such as in drainage blankets, topsoiling, pitching and beachinq. Bulk filling shail not be classed as to stared depth or thickness notwithstanding that it may be compacted in separate layers of malerial of stated th ickness.

A, 7 Item descriptions for excavation encittsries in connection with excavation by dredging shall be so described,

AS Item descriptions for trimming of excavated surfaces and preparation of excavated surfaces shalf identify surfaces which are:

(a) inClined at an angle of 10"-45<

to the horizontal

(b) inclined at an angle 0 f 45· ·90·

to the horizontal {e} vertical.

A9 Where materia! is for disposal on the Site the location of the disposal areas shall be stated in item descriptions fat disposal of excsveted msteriet.

C3 Items for filling shall be deemed to include compaction

A 10 The materials shaH be identified in item descriptions for fill ing with imported metermt,

A 11 Where different compaction requirements are specified for the"" samefiHing material they shall be stated in item descriptions for filling.

A 12 Where the fate of deposition of fill iog material is limited the limitation shall be stated in item descript;on~ tor fillinge

A 13 The materials shaH be identified in item descriptions for li/fing to stated depth or thickness.

A 14 Item descriptions for filling to stated deptfl or thickness shall identify work upon surfaces wh ieh are:

{e] inclined at an angle of 10">45" to the horizontal

(bJ inclined at an angle of 45<90< to the horizontal

(c) vertical,

38

CLASS E

ARST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
7 Filling ancillaries 1 Trimming of filled surfaces m' 1 Topsoil
2 Preparation of filled surfaces m2 2 Material other than topsoil. rock or
artificial hard material
3 Rock
4 Stated artificial hard material
«
3 Geotextiles m'
,
8 landscaping 1 Turfing m2
2 Hydraulic mulch grass seeding m'
3 Other grass seeding m2<
4 Plants, stated species and size nr
5 Shrubs. stated species and size nr
6 Trees, stated species and size nr
7 Hedges. stated species, size and 1 Single row
spacing m 2 Double row
~_~~_~~o~~ at head of class on page 35)

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

39

CLASS E

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

A lS Item descriptions lor filing sncittsries sha II identify work upon surlaceswhich are:

09 Trimming and preoeretioo shall be deemed to be carried out upon material other than topsoil,

- rock or artificial hard material unless otherwise stated in item descriptions.

(al inclined at an angle of 10"-45" to the norizontal

(b) incl ined at an a "gle of 45" -90" to th e horizontal

(e) vertical.

A16 Thetype and grade of material sha II be stated in item descriptions for geotexliles.

lengths of hedges

shall be their developed along centre lines.

C4 hems for landscaping shall be deemed \0 include fertilizing, [rimming and preparation of surfaces.

A 17 Where turfing is pegged or wired item descriptions shall so slate.

A1B Item descriptions for turfing and grass seeding shall identi fy work upon surfaces which are incH ned ar an angle exceeding 10' to the horizontal, .

40

CLASS F: IN SITU CONCRETE

Excludes: 10 situ concrete for:

capping of boreholes {included in class BI diaphragm walls {included in class Cl excavation ancillaries (included in class El

granolithic and other applied finishes (included in class G) drainage and pipework (included in classes K and l)

piles (included in classes P and OJ

roads, pavings and kerbs [included in class R}

tunnel and shaft linings (included in class TI foundations forfences and gates (included in class Xl

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
Provision otconcrete Cement to BS 12 or as 146
1 Standard mix m3 1 ST1 1 10 mm aggregate
2 5T2 2 14 mm aggregate
3 ST3 3 20 mm aggregate
4 ST4 4 40 mm aggregate
5 ST5 Other Slated cement
5 1G-mm aggregate
Provision of concrete 6 14 mm aggregate
2 Designed mix m3 1 Grade: C7·5 7 20 mm aggregate
2 C10 8 40 mm aggregate
3 C15
4 C20
5 C25
6 C30
7 C35
8 C40
Provisuu: of concrete
1 Designed.fnix rna '.yo'Gi::ade~:F3i .
2 F4
3 1'5-
..
Prcwisf.on·ofroncrete
4 Prescribed mix m'
.------.~~~~~--
Pfl!cfng af concrete
5 Mass m3 1 Blinding 1 Thickness: not exceeding 1
& Reinforced .. rn" 2: Bases.~.pile'ClI:P$and:.qrau.n(f '. Z 150'-300mm '.
1 Pre$tres.sed '. m" slabs 1 300-500mm'
3' Suspendedslabs:: 4 exceeding 500
4 Walls.
- ... ._>---
s Column£;Jr:td.piElfSc . 1 Cmss-sactlonatarea: not e
lie 6eams.. 0·03
7. Casing tc.metat secncns. 2 O·O3~
3 0·1-0·
4 0·25-
5 excee
6 Special beam sections
--~~-- --~-- .. -----~-.
8 Other concrete forms Ml me~ OCCI

(a~

(b) (c)

(dl

lei

(f)

50mm

xceeding m2.

0-' m' 25m"

1 m'

djng 1 m'

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

41

CLASS F

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

metal sections

prestressing components cast-in components each no! exceeding 0·' m3 in volume rebates, grooves, throats,

fillets, chamfers or internal splays each not exceeding

0·01 mt in cross-sectional area pockets and holes which are defined as I arge or sm all

voids in accordance with rule D3 of class G

joints or joint components

. between adjacent volumes of in situ concrete.

The volume of concrete

shall exclude that of nibs spt avs each not

1 m' in cross-

Columns and piers integral wall shalt be measured as the wall, except where :i.I&'·~:mrl,ssl· required to be cas!

07 The thickness used for classificaiion:ofgroundsJabs, suspended slabs and walls snal!·<.' . e "elude the additional thickness

01 integral beams, columns, piers and other projections.

08 Concrete in suspended slabs and walls less than 1 m wide or long shall be classed as concrete in beams and columns respectively.

09 Beams shaH be classed as

i soecie! beam seclionswhere their cross-section profiles are r"imtangular or approximately rectangular over less than 415 of their length or where they are of box Of other composite section.

01 Items for provision of concrete shall be classified in accordance with BS 5328.

02 A concrete m'l( shalibe classed as a standard mix where the mix is to be selected by the Contractorfrom the restricted list given in section 4 of as 5328:

Part 2.

03 A concrete mix shall be classed as a designed mix where the performance is stated in the Contract and the mix proportions are to be selected by the Contractor.

04 A concrete mix shall be classed as a prescribed mix where the mix proportions ate stated in the Contract.

D5 Prestressed cone rete which is a Iso rei nforced shall be classed as prestressed concrete.

06 The tnickness used for classification of blinding shafl be the minimum thickness.

A 1 The specification of the concrete mix in accordance with BS 5328 shall be stated in 'tern descriptions for provision of concrete unless a mix reference is stated for which the specification is given elsewhere in the Contract,

A2 Item descriptions for placing of concrete wh ieh is expressly required to be placed against an excavated surface (other than blindingt shall so state,

A3 The cross-sectional dimensions of special beam sections shaH be stated in i1em descriptions, except where a beam type or mark number is staled for which dimensions are given on the Drawings.

A4 Item descriptions for components classed as other concrete forms shaH idemify the component and include one of the foltnwi rig:

(&1 the principal dimensions of

the concrete component

(b) a type or mark number of a concrete component for which principal dimensions are given on the Orawings

.( cI a staternent tocatinq a concrete componenl for which principal dimension!; are given on the D'Bwings

IIOT!'

:miX(}td~nce "'"'i~th paragraph 5.10- the location of concrete members In the- Works mav be stated in item descrtptiocs for placing of cOf!CretewflBf€ special :~' ~,.;i!def*S!;'cs may affect the method and rate of placing concrete c

42

Includes:

CLASS G: CONCRETE ANCILLARIES

Formwork for in sitO concrete Reinforcement for in situ concrete Joints in in situ concrete Post-tensioned prestressing Accessories for in situ concrete

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

m

1 Formwork: rough finish

2 fair finish

3 other stated finish

4 stated surface features

1 Plane horizontal 2 Plane sloping

3 Plane battered 4 Plane vertical

5 Curved to one radius in one plane

8 For concrete components of constant 1 Beams

cross-section m 2 Columns

3 Walls

4 Other members 5 Projections

6 Intrusions

6 Other curved

7 For voids

t. ·P1airrround.Steettlarsto BS'444:',l , Z·,Oeformed.high yiefd.steel bars to: 8S4449 .

3' Stainless·steel.barsafstated:quality .. 4 Reinforcing bars of other stated material

1 Width: not exceeding 0-1 m

2 0-1-0,2 m

3 0-2-O-4m /

4 0·4-+22 m ../

5 exceeding 1-22 m

m

nr 1 Small void depth: not exceeding 0,5 m

2 0-5--1 m

3 1-2m

4 stated exceeding 2 m

5 La rg e void depth: not exceedi ng 0-5 m

6 0·5-1 m

7 1-2m

8 stated exceeding 2 m

t 1 Nominal.si.<e:.6mm

,2 8mm

3

10mm 12mm 16mm 20mm 2Smm

:4 ~5 16

17

8

32 mm or greater

.~-.- .. -~- ... ---.~---+~- .. -~----- ... - ... -- .. -

S Special joints nr I

- ... ---- .. ---.- .. -.---r-- .... ~----.-.- ... ---- .. - .. ~~.--

1> Steel fabric to as 4483 m< 1 Normnat mass: no, exceeding 2 kg!m"

1 Fabric of other stated material m' 2 2-3 kgim2

3 3-4 kg/m'

,4 4-5 kg/m'

I, 5 5--6 kg/m'

6 6--7 kg/m'

I, 7 7-& kgim'

8 stated exceeding 8 kg/m'

----------------_ .. _ --_-.~ .. --------.---.-j_-----

43

CLASS G

Reinforcement in diaphragm walls (included in class Cl Pre-tensioned prestressing (included in class HI

Formwork and reinforcement in precast concrete !included in class HI

Formwork and reinforcement ancillary to drainage and pipework (included in classes K and L) Formwork and reinforcement in piles {included in classes P and Q}

Formwork and reinforcement for concrete roads and pavings (included in class RI Formwork for tunnel and shaft linings (included in class TI

Formwork for foundations for fences and gates (included in class Xl

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

to upper surfaces. be measured to at an angle

the horizontal and surfaces for wh ieh pressly req U ired.

01 Plane formworkshall be classified according to its angle of inclination as follows:

Cress

85"-9Q'" 10'-85' 0'-10' 0'

A 1 Formwork len in shaH be so described in item descriptions for iormwork:

A2 Item descriptions for formworkwhich is 10 upper surfaces shall so state, except where the surfaces are inclined at an angle not exceeding 10" to the vertical.

A3 Item descriptions for formwork shaH state whe re the formwork is to blinding concrete.

A4 Radii of curved iormwork shall be stated in item descriptions as follows:

(a) to one radius in one plane {cylindricall, radius stated

{bl toone radius in two planes (sphericatl. radius stated

(c) varying radius (conicall, maximum and minimum radii stated.

A5 Item descriptions for formwork for concrete components of constnnt crosssection, other than projections a rod intrusions, shall state the principal cross-sectional dimensions of [he component and its mark number, location or other unique identifying feature,

AS Formworkfor curved concrete components oiconstsnt cross-section shall be so described stating the radii.

Ang!e of inclinariof'l to the vertical

Horizontet Sloping. Battered Ve-r1itat

02 Formwork shaH be deemed to be for plane areas and to exceed 1·22 m wide. unless otherwise slated.

03 The classification of large and small voids shall be as follows:

Class Maximum croes-secfiors
~~~-,-----."--~~
Circular vo.ds Other vo.os
~diam-e!:ed (areal
Large- O·lS-O·' m O.1~5 m'
Sm;,:J;U NO! No'
f!1.:ce:edihg ",,;(ceed"iog
035m 0,1 m' The depths of voids shall be measured perpendicularly to the adjacent surface of concrete.

D4 Nibs and external splays not exceeding 0·01 m' in crosssectional area.shall be.ctassed as». c projections;

05 Rebates, grooves, internal splays, throars,fillets· aod d'lamfen~ not exceeding o·or m2 In cross sectional area shall be classed as intrusions.

DIi The nominatsi:testated:~n' itemdescriptionstor bar reinforcement shall be the crosssectional siiedefirl€'d in 6$4449,·,

D7 Welded. swaged or screwed sleeve joints in rainforcing bars, shall be classed as special joints.

Cl, tterns for reinforcement sh all be deemed lGindude supporting reinforcement otherthan steel supports to top reinforcement,

A 7 Item descriptions for ba r reinforcement shall state the lengths of bars to the next higher multiple of 3 m where they exceed 12 m before bending.

AS Item descriptions for special joints shall state the type of joint and type and size of reinforcing baL

A9 Item descriptions for steel fabric to 8$ 4483 shall state the fabric reference in accordance with B54483 or the wire and mesh arrangement in accordance with BS 4466.

A 10 Item descriptions for fabric of other stared material shall stale the sizes and nomtr1al mass per squa re metre.

44

CLASS G

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
6 Joints 1 Open surface plain m2 1 Average width: not exceeding 0·5 m
2 Open surface with filler m2 2 0·5-1 m
3 Formed surface plain m2 3 stated exceeding 1 m
4 Formed surface with filler m2
5 Plastics or rubber waterstops m 1 Average width: not exceeding 150 mm
6 Metal waterstops m 2 150-200mm
3 200-300 mm
4 stated exceeding 300 mm
7 Sealed rebates or grooves m
8 Dowels nr 1 Plain or greased
2 Sleeved or capped
..
7 Post-tensioned prestressing nr 1 Horizontal internal tendons in in situ 1 Length: not exceeding 5 m
concrete 2 5-7m
2 Inclined or vertical internal tendons in in 3 7-10m
situ concrete 4 10-15 m
3 Horizontal internaltendons in precast 5 15-20 m
concrete 6 20-25m
4 Inclined or vertical internal tendons in 7 25-30m
precast concrete 8 stated exceeding 30 m
5 External jacking operations
8 Concrete accessories 1 Finishing of top surfaces m2 1 Wood float
2 Steel trowel
3 Other stated surface treatment
4 Granolithic finish
5 Other stated applied finish
-
2 Finishing of formed surfaces ml 1 Aggregate exposure using retarder
2 Bush hammering
3 Other stated surface treatment carried
out after striking formwork:
3. Inserts" 1 Linear inserts:', - . m
2 Other inserts nr
I
,------.----~"" ---_--- • ____ ~~'m __
4 Grouting under plates nr 1 Area: not exceeding 0·1 m~
2 O·1-0·5m<
3 0-5-1 mi
4 stated exceeding 1 m'
_~ ____ ,_c...... ____ . - .. -----~.--- ~ DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

45

CLASS G

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

08 Joints ior which temporary support of the whole surface area of concrete is required during casting shall be classed as formed surface joints. Other joints shalJ be classed as open surface joints.

C2 Items for open surface and formed surface joints shall be deemed to include intermediate surface traatrnent where expressly required.

C3 Items for ioims shaH be deemed to include formwork.

C4 Items for wsterstoos shalt be deemed to include cuning and joini n9 of waterstops and provision of specia I fitti ngs at angles and ju net ions.

A 11 The dimensions and nature of components shall be stated in item descriptions for [oints.

09 Profiled tendons in

ho rizonta I components sha II be classed as horizontal tendons.

010 The lengthS of tendons used for classification shall betheir developed lengths between the outer faces of anchorages,

C5 Items for prestressinq shall be deemed to include ducts, grOU1ing and other components and tasks

a ncilla ry to prestressing.

A 12 Item descriptions for prestressing shaH idenlify the concrete component to be stressed and stale the composition of the tendon and pa rticutars of the anchorage.

C6 Items for qrenotittuc and other stated applied finish shaH be deemed to include materials, surface treatment, joints and forrnwork.

A 13 The materiels. thicknesses and surface treatments of granolithic and other stated applied finish shall be Stated in item descriptions.

011 Components cast or grouted into in situ concrete except reinforcement, prestressing and fainting materials shaH be eta ssed as inserts.

C7 Items for inserts shall be deemed to inctude their supply unless otherwise slated.

A 14 Item descriptions for inserts shall identify the components to be cast or grouted in and state their principal. dimensIons"

A 15 Item descriptions for inserts shall identify:

(a) those which' project from one surface of the concrete

(bl those which project from two surfaces of the concrete

Ie! those which are tota fly within the concrete volume"

A 16 Where inserts are expressly required 10 be grouted into preformed openings in concrete item descriptions shall so stale, Mawrials for grouting and sizes of openings shall be stated.

A 17 Materia!s shall be slaled in itern descripnoos for grouting under plates.

Insenswhich vary in size may be added together and classified by sil:e wi!hi" '''''ges.

Includes:

Excludes:

Manufacture, erection, joining and fixing of precast concrete units Post-tensioned prestressing (included in class G)

Precast concrete pipework (included in classes I and J)

Precast concrete manholes, catch pits and gullies (included in class K) Precast concrete piles (included in classes P and Qj

Precast concrete paving, kerbs and traffic sign supports (included in class Rl Precast concrete tunnel linings (included in class T)

Precast concrete blockwork !included in class U)

Precast concrete fencing (included in class Xl

46

CLASS H: PRECAST CONCRETE

RRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
M
1 Beams nr 1 Length: not exceeding 5 m , Mass: not exceeding 250 kg
2 Prestressed pre-tensioned beams nr 2 5-7m 2 250-500 kg
3 Prestressed post-tensioned beams nr 3 7-10m 3 500 kg-1 t
4 Columns nr 4 1(}-15 m 4 1-2 t
5 15--20 m 5 2-5t
6 20--30 m 6 5--10 t
7 exceeding 30 m 7 10--20 t
8 stated exceeding 20 t
5 Slabs nr 1 Area: not exceeding 1 m'
2 1-4m2
3 4-15m?
4 15-50m2
5 exceeding 50 m2
6 Segmental units nr
7 Units for subways, culverts and ducts m
M
8 Copings, sills and weir blocks m Cross-sectional area: not exceeding ur
O-Tm'> dL
2 0-1--.Q-5 m' w,
3 0-5--1 m' Ie,
4 exceeding 1 m~ OEANmON RULES

COVERAGE RULES

47

CLASS H

ADOITIONAl DESCRIPTION RULES

measured for :'.!I!I.iI$l'orswo",'a~'5, culverts and copinqs, sil/s.iimL. shall be the tota I

of idemical units.

D1 The mass used for classification in the third division shall be the mass of each unit.

D2 Concrete components which are cast other than in their final position shall generally be classed as precast concrete units.

03 Where site prec<lsting of units is adopted for reasons other than to obtain multiple use of formwork and the natUfe of the wor!; is .characteristic of in situ concrete, but involves the movememof~~lnt(L. their final positions, the units shalt be classed as in situ concrete and items given in class A lorthe

T emp£ItiI.t¥Worb.associated with the movement ofthe units.

Cl Items for precast concrete shall be deemed to include reinforcement, formwork, joints and finishes.

A 1 The position in the Works and specification of the concrete to be used in each type of precast unit shall be stated in item descriptions.

A2 Item descriptions shaH state the mark or type number of each precast concrete unit. Units with different dimensions shall be given different mark or type numbers.

A3 Parricuta rs of tendons and prestressing shal! be stated in item descriptions for prestressed pre-tensioned units.

A4 The cross-section type and prinei pal dimens"lons shall be stated in item descriptions for beams, columns, segmental units, units for subways, culverts, ducts, copings, $iIIs and weir blocks.

AS The average thickness shall be stated in item descri ptions for slabs.

A6 The mass per metre shall be stated in item descriptions for units for subways, culverts, ducts, copings, sills and weir blocks.

48

CLASS I: PIPEWORK - PIPES

Includes: Provision, laying and jointing of pipes

Excavating and backfilling pipe trenches Excludes: Work included in classes J, K, Land Y Piped building services (included in class Zl

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION
1 Clay pipes m 1 Nominal bore: not exceeding 200 mm
2 Concrete pipes m 2 200-300mm
3 Iron pipes m 3 300-600mm
4 Steel pipes m 4 600-900 mm
5 Polyvinyl chloride pipes m 5 900-1200 mm
6 Glass reinforced plastic pipes m 6 1200-1500mm
7 High density polyethylene pipes m 7 1500-1800 mm
8 Medium density potvetnvlene pipes m 8 exceeding 1800 mm THIRD DIVISION

1 Not In trenches

2 In trenches. depth; not exceeding 1·5 m

3 1-S-2m

4 2-2'5m

5 2-S-3m

6 3-3-5 m

7 3-5-4m

8 exceeding 4 m

tn

M

m le

m tn oc

M! m, sh su th: ba in< m,

49

CLASS I

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

DEFINmON RULES

COVERAGE RULES

01 Pipes no: in trenches shall indude pipes suspended or supported above the ground or other su rtace. pipes in headings. tunnels or shafts. pipes installed by thrust boring and pipe jacking and pipes laid within volumes measured separately for excavation.

C1 Items for pi pes shalt be deemed to include the supply of all materials by the Contractor unless otherwise stated. Items shall be deemed 10 include pipe cutting.

A 1 The location or type of pipework in each item or group of items shall be stated in item descriptions so that the pi pe runs inclUded can be identified by reference to the Drawings.

C2 Items for pipes in trenches shall be deemed to include excavation, preparation of

su rtaces. disposal of excavated material. upholding sides of excavation, backfilling and removal of dead services except to the extentthet such work is included in classes J, K and l.

A2 The materials, joint types, nominal bores and fining

requi raments of pipes shall be stated in item descriptions and reference given 10 applicable British Standard specifications and specified qualities.

02 Pipes nor in trenches sha II be classed as such only where pipes a re expressly required not to be !aid in trenches.

03 Depths used for Classification of pipes in trenches sha 11 be measured from the Commencing Surface to the inverts of the pipes.

A3 Item descriptions for pipes nof in trenches shall distinguish between thedifferenl categories of pipes listed in rule 01,

A4 The Commencing Surface shall be identified in the description of each item for work involving excavation for which the Commencing Surlace is not also the Original Surface.

AS Where more than one pipe is expressly required to be laid in one trench the item descriptions for each pi pe shalt so state and also identify the pipe run. Where pi pes are la id in French or rubble drains item descri ptions shall so state.

Ihe chambers except and fittings comprising 10 manholes shall be items for manholes

in class K,

A6 Trench depths e>:ceeding 4 m shall be stated in item descriptions to the next higher rnultipleofO·S m.

A7 Item descriptions shall identify separately excavation which is expressly requ i red to be carried out by hand.

Includes:

Excludes:

Fittings and valves for pipework Work included in classes I. K.l and Y

Piped building services (included in class Z)

nr t Gilre<vil1Yes:hafld'operated

2 power operated

3 Nan-retum valves,

4. Butterfly va!ves~ hand operated

5 power operated

6 Airvalves

7 ~~nllvaIves 8 Penstocks

50

CLASS J: PIPEWORK - FITTINGS AND VALVES

ARST ONISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
1 Clay pipe fittings nr _1 Bends 1 Nominal bore: not exceeding 200 mm
2 Concrete pipe fittings nr 2 Junctions and branches 2 2(}o-300mm
3 Iron or steel pipe fittings nr 3 Tapers 3 30~OOmm
4 Polyvinyl chloride pipe fittings nr 4 Double collars 4 600-900mm
5 G lass reinforced plastic pipe fittings nr 5 Adaptors 5 900-1200mm
6 '1igh density polyethylene pipe fittings nr 6 Glands 6 12(}O-1500 mm
7 Medium density polyethylene pi pe 7 Bellmouths 7 1500-1800 mm
finings nr 8 Straight specials 8 exceeding 1 aoo mm 8 Valves and penstodcs

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

51

CLASS J

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

C1 Items for fittings and valves shall be deemed to include the supply of materia Is by the Contractor, unless otherwise stated,

C2 Items forfittings and valves shall be deemed to include excavation, preparation of surfaces, disposal of excavated material, upholding sides of excavation, backfillinq and removal of dead services except to the extent that such work is included in classes t, K and L

fittings comprising

to manholes shall be

01 Pipe fittings on pipes of different nom inal bores sh all be classified in the thi rd division according to the nominal bore of the largest pipe.

02 A sfraight speciets« a length of pipe either cut to length or made to order.

C3 hems for straight specials shall be deemed to include cutting.

A 1 The materials, ioint types, nominal bores and lining requirements of pipe fittingsshaJ! be Slated in item descriptions and reference given to applicable British Standard specifications and specified qualities. Fittings with puddle flanges shalt be so described.

A2 Item descriptions for pipe fittings to cast iron or spun iron pipework of nominal bore exceedinq 300 mm and to all steel pipework shall state the principal dimensions of each fitting °

A3 Vertical bends in pipework of which the nominal bore exceeds 300 mm shaH be-so described.

A4 Filtingsto pipework not in trenches shall be so described °

AS Fittings to relined water mains measured in class Y shall be so described.

AS The materials. nominal bores and any additional requi rernents such as joints, draincocks, exrensiorrspindles and brackets shall be stated in item descriptions for valves and penstocks and reference given 10 applicable British Standard specifications and SPecified Qllilities.

A7 Valves and penstocks to relined water mains measured in class Y shall be so described,

52

CLASS K: PIPEWORK-MANHOLES AND PIPEWORK ANCILLARIES

Includes:

Excludes:

Manholes and other chambers, ducts, culverts, crossings and reinstatement, other ancillaries as listed Work included in classes I, J, Land Y

Ducted building services (included in class Z)

fiRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
~ ~-
1 Manholes nr 1 Brick 1 Depth: not exceedi n9 1 -5 m
2 Brick with backdrop 2 1-5-2 m
3 _ In situ concrete 3 2-2-5m
4 In situ concrete with backdrop -
4 2-5-3 rn
5 Precast concrete 5 3-3-Sm
6 Precast concrete with backdrop I) 3-5-4m
7 stated exceeding 4 m
2 Other stated chambers nr 1 Brick
3 In situ concrete
5 Precast concrete
3 Gullies nr 1 Clay
2 Clay trapped
3 I n situ concrete
4 I n situ concrete trapped
5 Precast concrete-
S Precast concrete trapped
7 Plastics
8 Plastics trapped
__ r~
4 French drains, rubble drains, ditches and 1 Filling French and rubble drains with
trenches graded material m3
2 Fiiling French and rubble drains with
rubble - m3
3 Trenches for unpiped rubble drains m 1 Cross-sectional area: not exceeding
II Rectangular seciicnditcheszuohned,- m 0-25 m2
5_- lined rn. 2. 0-25-{l-5w
6 Vee section ditches: unlined m 3 0-5-075 m;
7 lined m 4 0-75-1 m2
8 TreflChes for pipes or cables nor to be 5 1-1-Sm'
I aid by the Contractor m 6 lS-2 me
7 2-3m2
8_ stated exceeding
3m2
-------,~----- r------------- _____ " ____ ~ __ c_~_
5 Ducts andmetalcuh.<ens; m 1 Cah!educts: r way 1 Not in trenches
Z 2way 2 tn trenches, depth: not exceeding '-5 m
3 3way 3 1-5--2 m
4 stated num berof ways 4 2~2-5 m
, exceeding 3 5 2-5-3 m
5: Secnonalcorrugated_metaJ culverts, - 6 3-35m
nominal internal diameter:: 7 35-4m
notexceedingO·S:m 8 exceeding 4 m
6 0-5-1 m
7 1-1"5 m
a exceeding '-5 m
-".~ - ---~~.--- M to d,

M u, th

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

53

CLASS K

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

01 The centre line for multip Ie pipes, ducts or culverts shall be the line equidistant between Ihe inside faces of the outer pipe walls.

C1 Items for work in this class shall be deemed to include excavation, preparation of surfaces, disposal of excavated material, upholding sides of excavation backfilling and removal of dead services, except to the extent that such work is included in classes I, JandL

C2 Items for work in th is class shall be deemed to include (;oncretet reinforcement. Iorrnwork, joints and finishes.

02 The depths of manholes and other eh ambers shall be measured from the tops of covers to channel inverts or tops of base slabs, whichever is the lower.

03 Drawpits shall be cl assed as other stated chambers.

C3 Item for manholes, other stated chambers and gulfies shalt be dee med to include all items of metalwork and pipework, other than valves, which occur within or atthe surface of the item.

C4 Items for manholes with backdrops shall be deemed to Include the pipework and associated fittings com prising the backdrop.

Al Type or mark numbers shall be stated in item descriptions for manholes, other stared chambers and gullies of which details are given elsewhere in the Contract.

A2 Types and loading duties of COvers shall be stated in item descriptions for manholes, other stated chambers and glillies.

A3 Item descriptions for manholes, otber stete« chambers and gullies shatl identify

sepa rately those which ate expresslv required to be excavated by hand.

A4 The nature of.the filling material shall be stated in item descriptions tor fifJing French and rubble drains.

The cross-sectional areas of ditches shall be measured to Excavated Surface.

AS Materials and dimensions of linings to ditches shall be stated in item descriptions.

The rules in class I for pipes also apply [0 ducts and

in [his class except lengths measured for metal culverrs not in shall include ienqths

by fitting s.

04 Non-circular metet culverts shall be dassifie<fby their maximum nominal internal crosssectionatdimension:

05 The rules in class J for pipes shall also apply to aocts and. metal cu/vertsinthis class,

C5 Items for ducts and metal culverts shaH be deemed to tnclude cutting and fittings,

AS The rules in class !for pipes shall also applv [0 ducts and metal culverts in this class.

54

II; ;; o tr tt d D

CLASS K

RRST DIVISION SECOND DIVlSION THIRD DIVISION
6 Crossings or 1 River, stream or canal. width: 1 Pipe bore: not exceeding
1-3 m 300mm
2 3-10 m 2 30G-900mm
3 stated exceeding 10 m 3 90G-1800mm
4 Hedge_ 4 stated axceedinq
5 Wall 1800 mm
6 Fence
1 Sewer or drs i 0
8 Other stated underground service
~
7 Reinstatement m , Breaking up and temporary 1 Pipe bore: not exceeding
reinstatement of roads 300mm
2 Breaking up and temporary 2 30G-900mm
reinstatement of footpaths 3 90G-1800mm
3 Breaking up, temporary and permanent 4 stated exceeding
rei nstatement of roads 1800 mm
4 Breaking up. temporary and permanent
rei nsratement of footpaths
5 Rei nstaternent of land
6 SHip topsoil from easement and reinstate
~ -
8 Other pipework ancillaries 1 Reinstatement of field drains m I
2. Marker posts nr
3 Timber supports left in excavations m'
4 Metat;support.!i left in exca'>{atians'" ''.Om''
I
5, Connections to existing manholes. 1 Pipe bore: not exceeding
amt othe1"chambers or 200mm
6 Coonectionsto existing pipes, ducts 2, 2OG-300mm
and culverts nr 3 30G-600mm
4 6()(}'-900 rnrn
5:c, 900-T200,mmcc,
6 12QO-1500mm
7" lS()(}'- 1 Soo mm
If' stated exceeding;
1800mm
c~r~~_ Of class on page 531

DEFINITION RULES

06 River, stream and canal crossings shall be classified by their widths measur ed along pi pe, duct or cu Ive rt centre lines when the water surface is at tne level [or the higher level of fluctuation if

a pplica b lel shown on the drawing to which rete renee is given in the Preamble in accordance with paragraph 5.20.

07 The dimension used for classification of bore i n the th ird division shall be the maximum nominal distance between the inside faces of the outer walls of the pi pe. duct or culvert to be installed.

07 The dimension used for classification of bore in the third division shaH be the maximum nomina! distance between the inside faces ofthe outer walls of the pipe, duct or culvert to be installed.

08 Cross; ng s of roads and paths sha II be cla ssed as breaking up and reinstatement of roads and paths.

07 Thcdimensionusectfor

c! assification of bore in the thi rd division shall be the maxi m urn nom inat dista~ between the inweJacas:af:tbe outer:wall$of the pipe, duct or culvert to be installed.

COVERAGE RULES

C6 Items for crossings shall be deemed to include reinstatement unless otherwise staled.

C7 Addilional reinstatement shall be deemed to be included in the items for manholes and other chambers.

C8 Removal and reinstatement of kerbs and channels shall be deemed to be' included in the items for breaking up and reinstatement of roads and footpaths. ,

C9 !terns for strip toosoit from easement and reinstste shall be deemed 10 include storing and protectinq topsoil and reinstatement of land.

C1fi:> Items f,,{reinstatement of field drains shall be deemed to include connections to existing field drains;"

55

CLASS K

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

A 7 Where linings to rivers. streams or cenets are to be broken through and reinstated the type of lining shaH be stated in item descriptions.

AS Types and depths of

surfaci ng. including base a nd subbase courses, shall be stated in item descriptions for breaking up and reinstatement of roads and footpaths.

A9 Item descriptions lor strip topsoittrom easement and reinstate shall state any

!ilT .itations on the width to be stripped and rei nsrated.

A 10 !tem descriptions for reinstatement of land and for strip topsoittrom easement and reinstate shaH distInguish between grassland, gardens. sports fields and cultivated land.

A 11 Sizes and types of marker posts shall be stated in item dascri ptions,

A 12 Item descriptions for connections to existing manholes and other chambers and to existing pipes, ducts and culverts shall identify the nature of the existing service and the extentot .he work to be included.

56

CLASS L: PIPEWORK - SUPPORTS AND PROTECTION, ANCILLARIES TO LAYING AND EXCAVATION

Includes: Extras to excavation and backfilling oftrenches for pipework, ducts and metal culverts, manholes and other chambers. headings, thrust boring and pipe jacking

Pipe laying in headings and by thrust boring and pipe jacking

Provision of supports and protection to pipewotk, ducts and metal culverts

Excludes: Work included in classes I, J, K and Y

Insulation to building services (included in class Z)

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

1 Extras to excavation and backfilling 013 1 In pipe trenches

2 In manholes and other chambers 3 In headings

4 In thrust boring 5 In pipe jacking

THIRD DIVISION

1 Excavation of rock

2 Excavation of mass concrete

3 Excavation of reinforced concrete 4 Excavation of other artificial hard

material

5 Backfilling above the Final Surface with concrete

6 Backfilling above the Final Surface with stated materia I other than co ncrete

7 Excavation of natural material below the Final Surface and backfilling with concrete

8 Excavation of natural material below the Final Surface and backfilling with stated material other than concrete

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

57

CLASS l

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

I be qiven in this to the items for and jointing of culverts and for

and backfilling of I and K. Items

The volume of extras to

and backfilling lor pipe headings. in thrust

in pipe jacking shall be by multiplying together cross-sectional area the length 01 the eX(:avaHlO or backfilled. headi n g5 shalf not be

only where ,t is required that the excavated shall not be backfilling_ Excavation Final Surface and

IL 1 .7-81 shall be

An isolated volume of rock, or orher arrificial hard occurring within other

to be excavated shall not ~ measu r e ,u separately unless ;IS ceeds 0·25 m '.

Cl Items for work in th is class shall be deemed to include excavation, preparation of surfaces, disposal of excavated material. upholding sides of excavation. backfilling and rernova I of dead services, except to the extentthat such wort is included in classes I. J and K or in the items for extras to excavation and backfilling in this class.

C2 !tems for work in this class shall be deemed to include concrete. reinforcement. formwo rk, io; nts and fi n ishes.

01 The nominal trench width if not slated in the Contract shall be taken as 500 mm greater than the maximum nomina! distance between the inside faces of the outer pipe walls where this distance does not exceed 1 m and as 750 mm greater than this distance where it exceeds 1 rn.

A 1 Item descriptions shall identify separately excavation which is expresslv required to be carried out by hand.

58

cLASS l

FIRST DIVISION

2 Special pipe laying methods

6 Wrapping and lagging

m

SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
_~_~~r~_~ ___ ~~m
m , In headings 1 Nominal bore: not exceeding 200 mm
2 Thrust boring 2 200-300 mm
3 Pipe jacking 3 300-600 mm
4 600-900 mrn
5 900-1200 mm
6 1200-1500 mm
7 1500-1800 mm
8 stated exceeding
1800mm
m 1 Sand
m 2 Selected excavated granular material
m 3 Imported granular material
4 Mass concrete
5 Reinforced concrete ~=-t:- ""-----~~~

or I' Volume: not exceedmg 0 1 m' I

2 0-1-0-2 m3

3 0 2-{)-5 m~

4 0-5-1 tn' I

_~~" __ " ~ ~~ __ ~ -i-i~! §E~~_~'w __ J

rrr: 1 tteig:ht: notexcee:-din'l-t m I

Z l-l.Sm I

3 1"-5""-2 m I

4 2-3m I

5 3-4m

6" 4-5m II

7 5-6m

8 statedexceedingfim

3 Beds

4 Haunches 5 Surrounds

7 Concrete stools and thrust blocks

at head of class on page 57)

Access pits, shafts and blocks, where expressly

the Contract to be

by the Contractor a od of nature and extent are stated in the Contr act as Specified class A.

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

59

CLASS l

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

C3 Items for special pipe laying methods shall be deemed to include crossings, provision and removal of access pits, shafts and jacking blocks unless otherwise stated and other work associated with special pipe laying methods not included in the items for provision, laying and jointing of pipes given in class I.

02 Items for haunches and surrounds shall include beds of the same material.

03 Items for beds, haunches and surrounds to multiple pipes shall be classified in the third division according 10 the nominal distance between the inside faces of the outer pipe wa lis.

04 The volumes used for classification of concrete Slools and thrust blOCKS shall exclude the volumes occupied by pipes.

05 The h eightof pipe supports used for crassittcat.on shaff be measured from the ground 0< other supporting surface to the invert 01 the highest pipe where . pipes are supported from below and of the lowest pipe where pipes are supported trom-aoove.

06 Wheere two or more pipes are carried by one support, the item for the support shall be classified in the third division by tne aggregate bore of the pipes supported.

A2 Item descriptions for special pipe laying methods shall identify the run of pipe or pipes. The type of packing shall be stated in item description s for pipes in headings.

of beds, haunches shall be measured centre lines i nc1uding ccupied by fitti ngs and not including lengths manholes and other through which rhey are

A3 Materials used for beds, haunches and surrounds and the depths of beds shall be stated in item descriptions.

A4 Beds, haunches and surrounds 10 multiple pipes shall be so described stating the number of pipes and the maximum nominal distance between the inside laces of the outer pipe walls.

C4 Items for wrapping and lagging of pipes shall be deemed to include vyrapping and lagging of fittings, valves and joints.

AS Materials used for wrapping and lagging of pipes shall be stated in item descriptions.

CS Items for concrete stools and thrust blocks shall be deemed to include pipe fixings.

AS Item descriptions for concrete stools and thrust blDcks shalt state the specification of the con crete and whether it is reinforced.

A7 Principal dimensions and materials shaff be stated in item descriptions for pipe supports.

60

CLASS M: STRUCTURAL METALWORK

Excludes: Metalwork in concrete (included in classes C, G and H) Metalwork in pipework (included in classes I. J, K and L) Miscellaneous metalwork (included in class N) Metalwork in piles {included in classes P and Qj Metalwork in fences !included in class Xl

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
.~ "~,
1 Fabrication of main members for 1 Rolled sections 1 Straight on plan
bridges t 2 Plates or flalS 2 Curved on plan
3 Built-up box Of hollow sections 3 Straight on plan and cambered
--.-~-- - 4 Curved on plan and cambered
2 Fabrication of subsidiary members for 1 Deck panels
bridges t
2 Bracings
3 External diaphragms
-
3 Fabrication of members for frames 1 Columns t 1 Straight on plan
4 Fabrication of other members 2 Beams - t 2 Curved on plan
3 Portal frames t 3 Straight on plan and cambered
4 Trestles, towers and built-up columns t 4 Curved on plan and cambered
5 Trusses and built-up girders t
6 Bracings, purlins and cladding rails t
---~~--
7 Grillages t
8 Anchorages and holding down bolt
assemblies nr
I S Erecrionotmemberdorbridges.. 6 Erection of members for frames

7 ErectJ.on of othffi'membefs

3 Sire.batts,btack nr: 1

4 HSFG general grade nr 2

5 HSFGhighergrade> nr , . 3

6 HSfG]oadindicatingorJoad 4'

limit types. general grada nr 5

7 HSFG load.indicatiriqor lcad 6

limit types, higher grade nr T

. Diameter: not exceeding 16mm

16-20 rom ..

2Q-24mm 24-30mm 3Q-36mm 36-42 mm

stated exceeding 42 mm

'1 nial erection

2 Permanent erection

---------~-----+-------~-------->-+--~.--~ .. -~-.~~--

8 Offsitesurface.treatment mZ 1 . ·8tastcleaning

2 Pickling. I

3' Flame cleaning I

4 Wire brushing

5 Meta~spravifl9 I

~ ~>_~.»~. ~._.> __ ~jl~;I~~~~ing '; ... _ .. _~.__l ..... ... . _

M

M m Nl lOt as

M: th. Cil Ier de en

M:

ro sti pi;

Min

m, de fill an be

M:

In, re, ho in

st. U

M: do In, co

M~ ou pa

with metal structu res.

DEFINITION RULES

allowa nee sha II be made easurements for rotlinq ~nd orher permissible The mass of weld

The mass of steel to BS 4360 ta ken for measurement as per 100 mm thickness The masses of other aU betaken as stated in or. where no! so in the supplier's

COVERAGE RULES

Cl Items for fabrication of metalwork shall be deemed to include delivery of fabricated metalwork to the Site.

C2 Item s for erection of members shall be deemed to include work carried out after delivery of fabricated metalwork to the Site.

C3 Items for site bolts shaH be deemed 10 include supply and delivery to the Site.

61

CLASS M

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

Al The materials and grades of materials used shall be stated in item descriptions for fabrication of members.

A2 Item descriptions for fabrication of members shall identify tapered 0< castellated members,

A3 Item descriptions for fabrication of members other than for portal frames shall identify cranked members.

A4 Details of the members comprising boom and inti!! construction shall be stated in Item descriptions for (res ties. towers and built-up columns arid trusses and built-up qirders.

AS Item descriptions for anchorages end holding down bolt assemblies shall state particulars of the type of anchorage or assembly.

A6 Item descrrottons for erection shall separately identify and locate separate bridges an d structural frames and, where appropriate, parts of bridges or frames,

A7 Where fixing clips and resilient pads are used to secure overhead crane rails, item descriptions shall so state.

Surface treatment carried the Site shall be classed as (class V).

A8 Materials and number of applications shaH be stated in item descripuons for metal spraying, galvanizing and painring~

62

CLASS N: MISCELLANEOUS METALWORK

Excludes: Metal reinforcement for concrete (included in classes C, G, Hand RJ Metal inserts in concrete (included in classes G and H)

Pipework (included in classes I. J, K and l)

Structural metalwork (included in class M)

Fittings and fastenings to timber (included in class 0) Piles [lnctuded in classes P and OJ

Traffic signs (included in class R)

Rail track and accessories (included in class 5) Fences (included in class Xl

ARST DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

1

1 Stairways and landings 2 Walkways and platforms

3 Ladders 4 Handrails

5 Bridge parapets

m m m

6 Miscellaneous framing

m 1 Angle section

2 Channel section 3 1 section

4 Tubular section

7 Plate flooring

8 Open grid flooring

2

1 Cladding

2 Welded mesh panelling 3 Duct Covers

or

s: Walirrgs

m

6 Bridge bearings

nr 1 Roller 2 Slide 3" Rocker

4 CYlindrical 5 Spherical

6 : Plain rubber

7 Laminated rubber 8 Rubber pot

7 Uncovered.tanks: 8; " Coveredtanks'

or 1 Volume: not exceeding l'm~

Dr 2 '""3 m'

3 3--10 m'

4 10-30m"

5 30-100 rrr'

6 10~"300 m'

7 300-1000 mJ

8 slated exceeding 1000 m3

M s: tc

M rn 3; 0\ at

PI: rr IT IT e.

,. b sr a rr IT

The lengths of ladders shall along the lengths of lengths of handrails

empets shall be along their top

DEFINITION RULES

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

C1 Items for miscellaneous metalwork shall be deemed to include fixing to other work, supply of fixing components and drilling or cutting of other work,

63

CLASS N

A 1 Item descriptions shall state the specification and thicknesses of meta!, surface treatments and principal dimensions of miscellaneous metalwork assemblies.

A2 Where ladders include safety loops, rest platforms or retu med stringers, item descriptions shall so state.

of

framing shall be along the external offraming.

~2 hems for plate and open grid flooring shall be deemed to include suppO!1ing metalwork unless otherwise stated.

C3 llems for welded mesh panelling and duct covers shall be deemed to include supporting metalwork unless otherwise stated.

C4 Items for fie rods shall be deemed to include concrete, reinforcement and joints.

attemative 10 the additional description given as required by rule A 1, uem descriptions may identify assemblies by mark number in accordance with

64

CLASS 0: TIMBER

Includes: Timber components and fittings Timber decking

Fittings and fastenings to timber components and decking

Excludes: Formwork to concrete (included in class G) TImber piles (included in class P)

TImber sleepers (included in class S)

TImber supports in tunnels (included in class T] Timberfencing (included in class X}

Carpentry and joinery in simple building works incidental to civil engineering works (I ncluded in class Z)

fiRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
1 Hardwood components rn 1 Cross-sectional area: not exceeding 1 Length: not exceeding 1·5 m
2 Softwood components m 0·01 m2 2 H;-3m
2 0.01-Q.02 m2 3 3-5m
3 0.02-Q·04 m2 4 5--8m
" 0·04-0·1 m~ 5 8-12 m
5 0.1-0.2 m2 . 6 12-20m
6 0·2-Q·4m2 7 stated exceeding
7 exceeding 0·4 m2 20m
3 Hardwood decking m2 1 Thickness: not exceeding 25 mm
4 Softwood decking m2 2 25-50mm
3 50-75 mm
" 75-100mm
5 100-125 mm
6 125-150 mm
7 exceeding 15&mm
5 Fittings and fasten i ngs nr 1 Straps
2 Spikes
3 Coach screws
" Bolts
5 Plates DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

65

CLASS 0

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

Cl Items for timber shall be deemed to include fixing, bo<ing, cutting and iointing.

ngth otrimber measured shall be lengths with no

for scarfed or other

01 The cross-sectional areas stated for classification of tim ber components shall be the,r nominal gross cross-sectional areas.

A 1 The nominal gross crosssectional dimensions, thicknesses, grade or species and any impregnation requirements or special surface finishes shall be stated in item descriptions for timber components.

A2 The structural use and location of timber components sha II be stated in item descriptions for components longer than 3 m.

"A'" ",,,r,,, from the area s lor timber decking shalt for openings and holes not exceeding 0·5 mZ in area.

02 The th ickness stated for classification of timber decking shall be the nominal gross thickness.

A3 The nominal gross crosssectional dimensions, thiCknesses, species and any impregnation requirements or scecial surface finishes shall be stated in item descriptions for timber decking_

A4 Mate<ial:;, types and sizes of fittings and fastenings shall be stated in item descriptions.

66

CLASS P: PILES

Excludes: Boring for site investigation (included in class Bl Ground anchors (included in class Cl

Walings and tie rods (included in class Nl

Piling ancillaries (included in class QJ

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

1\1 if c<

1 Bored cast in place concrete piles 2. Driven cast in place concrete piles

1 Diameter; 300 rnrn or 350 mm

2. 400mmor450mm

3 500 mrn or 550 mm

4 6OOmmor750mm

5 900 mm or 1050 mm

6 1200 mm or 1350 rnrn

7 1500mm

1 Number of piles 2. Concreted length

3 Depth bored or driven to stated maximum depth

(,

(J

l\ i, n e e

3 Preformed concrete piles

4 Preformed prestressed concrete piles 5 Preformed concrete sheet plies

6 Timber piles

1 Cross-sectional area: not exceeding

0-025 m'

2 0-025-0-05 m'

3 0-05-0-1 m'

4 0·1-O-15m;

5 0-15-0-25 m'

6 . 0-25-0·5 m~

7 0-5-1 m2

8 exceeding

1m'

1 Number of piles of stated length 2. Depth driven

7 Isolated steel piles

1 Mass: not exceeding 15 kg/m

Z. 15-30 k.g1m

3 30::-00-l(g/01

4 60-120 k.g/m

S 12G-250.kglm·

6. . Z5G-500.kgfm

T 500 kglm-Ttlm

l_~~~l.~m~

1 Number of piles of stilted length 2 Depth driven

The concreted lengths of cast

concrete piles shall be from the cut-off levels requ i red to the toe level s required.

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

67

CLASS P

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

C1 Items for piles shall be deemed to include disposal of excavated material.

A 1 Materia Is of wh ieh piles are composed shall be stated in item descriptions.

A2 Preliminary piles shall be identified in item descriptions. Ra ked plies sh a II be identified in item descriptions and their inclination ratios slated.

A3 The structure to be supported and the Commencing Surface shall be identified in item descriptions for piles.

01 The maximum depth stated in item descriptions for the depth of cast in place concrete piles shalf be the depth which is not exceeded by any pile included in the item.

02 Piles comprising a driven permanent steel casing which is

fi lied with concrete shall be .. classed as driven cast in otsce concrete. piles where the piles are designed for the load to be carried on the concrete.

A4 The diameter s ha II be stated in item descriptions for cas tin place concrete piles.

A5 Contiguous bored piles shall be identified in item descriptions.

one or more items for the number of piles of steted length (P 3-lh 1)

an item for the total depth driven (P 3-6 • 2).

03 The lengths of preformed concrete and timber piles shall be the lengths expressly requiredto . be supplied excluding extensions' but induding heads: and shoes.

A6 The cross-section type and cross-sectionat dimensions or di ameter sha 11 be stated in item descriptions for preformed concrete and limber piles.

A1 Details of treatments and coatings sha II be stated in item descriptions for the number of piles.

All Details of driving heads and of shoes shall be stated in item descriptions for the number of piles.

n

one or more items for the lIumber of piies.oi stated length (P 7 • 1)

an item for the tota:ldepth driven (p 7 • 2).

04 The lengths of isolared STeel piles shall be the lengths_expressly requirerttobe suppliedexchJqin'R:" extensions.

05'Piles comprising a driven. permanentsteefcasing which-i$' filled with concrete shal! be .. classed as-'isolared steel piles where the piles are desig ned fo r (he load to be carried on the casing~RHing such piles sha/tbe· . classed as.·fillinghollow piles with concreTe (0 5 3 • L

A9 The mass per metre and cross-sectionat dimensions shall be stated in item descriptions for ,csolared steel piles.

A 1 Details of treatments and coatings shall be stated in item descriptions for the number of piles.

68

CLASS P

FIRST DIVISION

8 Interlocking steel piles

SECOND DIVISION

Section modulus: not exceeding

500cm3/m

2 500-800 cm'/m

3 8OQ-12oocm3/m

4 1200-20oocm3/m

5 2000-3000 cm3/m

6 3000-4000 cm3/m

7 4000-5000 cm3/m

8 exceeding

5000 em 31m

THIRD DIVISION

1 length of special piles 2 Driven area

3 Area of piles of length: not exceeding 14 m

4 14-24 m

5 exceeding 24 m

. rules at head of class on page 67)

one or more items fo r the

. : ..' lotaHength of each ty pe of '.' special pile, if any (P S • 1)

. all item for the tota I driven ere« of piles (P 8 + 2)

one or more items for the rota I area of piles divided into the ranges of length given in the third division (P 8 + 3-5).

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

69

CLASS P

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

OG The lengths of interlocking steel piles shall be the lengths e)(pressly required to be suppl ied excludinq extension s.

07 I nterlocking steel co rner, junction, closure and taper piles shall be classed as special piles.

Al0 The section reference or mass per metre and section modulus shall be stated in item descri ptions for interlocking steel piles .

All Details of treatments and coatings shall be stated in item descriptions for area of piles.

A 12 The type 01 special pile shall be stated in item descriptions for the length of special piles.

70

CLASS Q: PILING ANCILLARIES

Includes; Excludes:

Work ancillary to piling

Ground anchors (included in class Cl Piles (included in class Pl

Walings and tie' rods (included in class N)

M M b. pi m e,

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
, Cast in place concrete piles 1 Pre-boring m 1 Diameter: 300 mm or 350 mm
2 Backfilling empty bore with stated 2 400 mm or 450 mm
material m 3 500mmor550mm
3 Permanent casings each length: 4 600 mm or 750 mm
not exceeding 13 m m 5 900 mm or 1050 mm
4 exceeding 13 m m 6 1200 mm or 1350 mm
5 En I arg ed bases nr 7 1500mm
7 Cutting off surplus lengths rn
8 Preparing heads nr 3 Preformed concrete piles , Pre-boring m Cross-sectional area; not exceeding
4 Timber piles 2 Jetting m 0·025 m2
3 Filling hollow piles with concrete m 2 O·02~·05m'
4 Number of pile extensions nr 3 0·0~'1 m1
5 length of pile extensions, each length: 4 0·l-O·15m<
not exceeding 3 m m 5 0.15-0.25 m2
6 exceeding 3 m m 6 02~'5m2
7 Cutting off surplus lengths m 7 0,5-1 m2
8 Preparing heads nr 8 stated exceeding
1m" 2 Cast in place concrete piles

M c,

lI' b,

Reinforcement

Straight bars. nominal size:

not exceeding 25 rnrn

2 exceeding 25 mm

3 Helical bars of stated nominal size

S fsot(!t!!ct steel piles t·: Pre-boring m 1 Mass: not exceeding 15 kgfm
2. Jetting rn 2 15-30 kg/m
i Filling hollow oites with concrete m 3 30-60kg!m
4' N um ber of pile-extensions or 4 60-120 kgim
5 Length of pileextensio ns, each: length: 5 120-250 kgim
not exceeding 3 m m 6 250-500 kgim
I> exceeding 3 m m 7 500 kgim- 111m
T Cutting off surplus lengths m S stated exceeding 1 tim
8'" Preparing heads nr DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

71

CLASS Q

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

C1 Items for piling ancillaries shall be deemed to include disposal of surplus materials unless otherwise stated.

01 The diameter used for classification in the third division shall be the diameter of the piles .

02 The nominal size used for ctass ification in item descriptions for ba r reinforcement shall be the cross-sectional size defined in 8S4449.

03 The cross-sectional area used fo r ctassmcatforrirr"ttre1hirct' division shall be.thecrosssectional area otthe piles.

04 The mass usedfer classification in the third division sha U be the mass Of the pi~s.

ot permanent measured from . ng Surface to the Ire casing.

C2 Items for permanent casings shall be deemed to include driving heads and shoes.

A 1 The diameters of enlarged bases for bored piles shall be stated in item descriptions.

A2 Materials, thickness and details of treatments and coatinqs shall be stated in item descriptions for permanent casings. Item descriptions for cutting off surplus lengths Which include permanent casings shalt so state,

C3 tterns for reinforcement shall be deemed to include supportinq reinforcement.

A3 Materiats shall be stated in item descriptions for reinforcement.

A4 Details of couplers for high tensile steel reinforcement which are expressly required shall be

I stated in item descriptions lor re,-nforcement

an ilem for the number of pile extensions (Q 3-4 4 .) one or two items for the length of pile extensions divided into the ra nqes of length given in the second division I Q 3-4 5-6 • L

The lengrh of pi!e extensions shal! nOI include lenllths from materia! arising from off surplus lengths of other

he length measured for

pile extensions shall include occu pied by scarfed or

C4 hems for pre-boring shall be deerrred"mincitJde'grouling voids between the pile and the bore.

C5 Items for pile extensions shall be deemed to i nelude the work necessary to attach the extension to the pile.

C6 Items for filling hollow piles with-concrete shall be deemed to include removal of materia! from within the pile before concretinq.

A5 Item descriptions for fiiling hollow piles with concrete shall state the specification of th e concrete.

A6 MaterialS of which pile extensions are composed shall be stated in item descriptions for their length"

extended piles shall n the measurement

an item toe the number ot oite: extensions (0 54 .:

one or two items for the lengrh of pile extenSIOnS liivided imo the ranges of . kngth giver in the second . division 1055---6.1.

The length of pile extensiorv: shail not include lengths from materj·a1 arising from oftS\Jrplus lengths of other

C4: Items,for·pre·boring shaH be deemed 10 inclUde grouting voids between the··pile and the bore.

C5 Items for pile extensions shaH be deemed 10 include the work necessary 10 attach the extension to the pile.

C6 Items for filling hollow piles wirh co"cre(eshaH be deemed to include removal of material from within the pile before concreting .

AS . Hem descriptions for (illing hallow piles with concrete shall state the specification of the concrete.

AS Materials 01 which pile extensions are composed shaH be stated in item descripti oris for their length.

72

CLASS Q

ARST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
6 Interlocking steel piles 1 Pre-borinq m 1 Section modulus:
2 Jetting m not exceeding 500 cm3/m
4 Number of pile extensions nr 2 500-800 cmllm
5 length of pile extensions, each length: 3 800-1200 cm3/m
not exceeding 3 m m 4 1200-2000 cm3!m
6 exceeding 3 m m 5 2000-3000 cm3!m
7 Cutting off surplus lengths m 6 3000-4000 cm31m
8 Preparing heads nr 7 4000-5000 cm3/m
8 stated exceedi ng
5000cm31m
1 Obstructions h
-
8 PIle tests nr 1 Maintained loading with various 1 Test load: not exceeding 100 t
reactions 2 100-200 t
2 Constant rate of penetration 3 200-300t
3 Horizontal loading 4 300-4001
5 400-600t
6 600-800t
1 80Q-l000t
It exceeding rooor-
4 NorH1estruc:tive-jntegrity
S If\dioometerinstaJlattons
- - at head of class on page 71)

DEFINmON RULES

COVERAGE RULES

73

CLASS Q

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

extended plies shall in the measurement items for driven depth in

P.

Each group of items for extensions shall comprise

'an item for the number of pile extensions (0 64*1 one or twO items for the length of pile extensions divided into the ranges of

• length given in the second division (0 6 ~ .).

The length of pile measured shall not formed from trom cutting off

lengths of other piles.

os The section modulus used for Classification in the third division shall be the section modulus of the piles.

C5 Items for pile extensions shall be deemed to include the work necessary to attach the extension to the pile,

A6 Materials of which pile extensions are composed shaH be stated in item descriptions for their length.

A7 Item descriptions for pile tests shall identify those wh ich are to preliminary piles.

A8 Item descriptions for loading tests shall state the load. Where the load is applied to raking piles item descriptions shaH so state.

74

CLASS R: ROADS AND PAVINGS

Includes: Sub-base, base and surfacing of roads, runways and other paved areas Kerbing and light duty pavements, footways and cycle tracks

Traffic signs and markings

Excludes: Earthworks [included in class E}

Drainage {included in classes I, J, K and Ll Fences and gates (included in class X)

Gantries and other substantial structures supporting traffic signs Maintenance of roads and pavings

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
Granular material DTp Specified 1 Depth: not exceeding 30 mm
type 1 m' 2 3D-60mm
2 Granular material DT p Specified 3 6D-l00mm
type 2 m:.! 4 100-150mm
3 Soilcemen! m' 5 150-200 mm
4 Cement-bound granular material m' 6 200-250 mm
5 Lean concrete DTp Specified strength m' 7 250-300 mm
6 Hardcore m' 8 exceeding 300 mm
7 Geotextiles mt
8 Additional depth of stated material m'
1 Wet mix macadam m' 1 Depth: not exceeding 30 mm
2 Dry bound macadam m' 2 30-60 mm
3 Dense bitumen macadam m' 3 60-100 mm
4"" Operrtexrore-birume!'l'macadam'" m' 4 100-150 mm
5,. Dense.tarmacadam m' 5 150-200mm
6 Open texture tarmacadam m' 6 200-250mm
7 Dense tar surfacing m' 7 250-300 mm
8 exceeding 300 mm
1 Cold asphalt wearing course m<
2 RoHed asphalt m<
3 Slurry sealing m'
4 Surface dressinq m'
5 Bituminous spray m'
6 Removal of flexible surface m~
a .. Regwating:~course afsratedmafi!ri al
T' caniagewayslabsofDlpSpecified' 1 Depthr.not exceeding 30 mm
paving Qual irv.concrete- ~ 2> 30-60 mm
2 . Othen;arriageways!absofsrated- 3 6O-100mm
strength m' 4 100-150 mm
3:. Other in .situ.concrete.erans of stated' 5 15(}-200 mm
strength m2 6 200-250 rnrn-
7 250-300 mm
8. exceeding 300mm
.. Steer fa bricroinforcernent to BS 448.l m2 r Nomina! mass: not exceeding 2 kg;ml
S~ OtherJabricremtorcement of stated 2 2-3kgfm'
material ml 3 3-4 kgim1
4 4-5 kglm<
5 5-6 kgfm'
6 6-7 kg!m"
7 7-8 kg/me
8 Slated exceeding 8 kgill1
6 Plain round steel bar reinforcement to BS 1 Nominal s.ze: 6mm
4449 t I 2. 801m
7 Deformed high yield steel bar ' 3 10mm
reinforcement to 8S 4449 4 12mm
5 16mm
6 20mm
7 25mm
8 32 mm Or greater
8 Waterproof membranes below
concrete pavements m2 Sub-bases, flexible road bases and surfacing

2 Sub-bases. flexible road bases and surfacing

3 Sub-bases, flexible road bases and surfacing

OEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

75

CLASS R

AOOITIONAl OESCRIPTION RULES

01 The expression 'DTp Specified' shaH mean as specified in the Specification for tOad and bridge works issued by the Department of Transport.

Cl Items for work in this class involvi ng in situ concrete shall be deemed to include tormwork and finishes to concrete.

A 1 Item descriptions for an

cou rses of paving, road rna ki fig materials and pavement slabs shall identify the material and state the depth of each course Or slab and the spread rate of applied surface finishes.

A2 Item descriptions for work in this class which is applied to surfaces inclined at an angle exceeding 10· to the horizontal shalt so state.

, A3 The type and grade of materia! shall be stated in item descriptions for qeotextites.

areas of additional roirdarcertvent inraps.shalt

den

02 The nominal size statedin item descriptions for bar reinforcement shall be the CfOSS' sectional size defined in

8S4449.

C2 JtemsfOf"J'-ein iorcement shall be deemed to ;ndude supporti .. g reinforcement other than steel supports to top reenforcement-

A4 Item descriptions for steel fabric reinforcement to 8S 4483 shall state the fabric reference jn accordance with as 4483 or the wire and mesh arrangement in accordance with BS 4466. hem descriptions lor otber tebric reinforcement shall state the sizes a nd nominal mass per square metre.

AS Item descriptions lor waterproof membranes shail state their mawr-als and thickness.

76

CLASS R

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
m 1 Longitudinal joints , Depth of joint: not exceeding 30 mm
2 Expansion ioints 2 30-60mm
3 Contraction joints 3 60-100mm
4 Warping joints 4 lQO-l50min
5 Butt joints 5 150-200 mm
6 Construction JOI nts 6 200-250mm
7 250-300mm
8 exceeding 300 mm
Precast concrete kerbs to as 7263; Part 1 1 Straig ht or curved to radi us exceeding
figure 1 (bL [c) and (d) 12m
2 Precast concrete kerbs to 8S 7263: Part 1 2 Curved to radius not exceeding 12 m
figure l(al and (el 3 Quadrants
3 Precast concrete channels to as 7263: 4 Drops
Part 1 figure 1(f) and (g) 5 Transitions
4 Precast concrete channels to BS 7263:
Part 1 figure Hh}
5 Precast concrete edgings to BS 7263:
Part 1 figure 1 {m!. (n) and (p)
6 In situ concrete kerbs and edg i ngs
7 Asphalt kerbs
8 Asphalt channels
m2 1 Granular base 1 Depth: not exceeding 30 mm
2 Hardcore base 2 30-60mm
3 Tarmacadam 3 60-100 mm
4 Rolled asphalt 4 10()-.150 mm
!L Baumen.macadam 5 150-200mm
6 Dense tar 6 200-250mm
r fil situ concreteof stated"'S'trengttr 7 250-300mm
8 Precast concrete flags to stated 8 exceeding 300 mm
specification
1 Traffic signs 1 Non-illuminated
2 Illuminated
2 Surface markings 1 Non-reflecting road studs
2 Reflecti ng road studs
3 Letters and sha pes
4 Continuous lines
5._ lntermittant.Imes. 5 Joints in concrete pavements

6 Kerbs. channels and edgings

7 Ught duty pavements

8 Ancillaries

rules at head of class on page 75)

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

77

CLASS R

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPnON RULES

joints shall be on tywhere they are at whe fa construction

are exp,-essly required.

C3 Items for kerbs, channels and edgings shal! be deemed to include beds, backings, reinforcement joints and cutting.

C4 Items for traffic signs other than traffic signs rneasu red in accordance with rule M10 shatl be deemed to include foundations, supporting posts. excavation, preparation of surfaces, disposal of excavated material, removal of existing services, upholding sides of excavation, backfilling, concrete, rei nforcement and ioints.

A6 The dimensions, spacing and nature of sealed grooves and rebates, waterstops, dowels and other components shall be stated in item descriptions for joints in concrete pavements.

A7 Materials and cross-sectlonat dimensions of kerbs, channels and edgings and their beds and backings shall be stated in item descriptions.

A8 The material, size and diagram number taken from Traffic ~igns, regulations and qenenl directions, issued by the Department ot Transport. Shall be stated in item descriptions for traffic signs and surface markings.

AS The shape and colou r of aspects shall be stated in item descriptions for reflecting road studs.

for kerbs. channels and edgings may be included in the items in this class provided [hal the work included is identified in the item descriptions appropriate statements are given in the Preamble in accordance with paragraph 5.4

78

CLASS S: RAil TRACK

Includes:

Excludes:

Track foundations, rails. sleepers, fittings, switches and crossings Overhead crane rails (included in class M)

Concrete track foundations {included in classes F and GI

3 lifting, packing and slewing

nr 1 Bullhead rail track

2 Bullhead rail track with turnout 3 Flat bottom rail track

'* Ffiitbottom raiHrackwttfrtumout· 5 Buffer stops

THIRD DIVISION

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

, Track foundations

1 Bottom ballast 2 Top ballast

3 Blinding

4 Blankets

5 Waterproof membranes

2 Taking up

1 Bullhead rails

2 Flat bottom rails

3 Dock and crane rails

, Plain track
4 Turnouts
5 Diamond crossings
m
m
nr 1 Buffer stops
2 Retarders
3 Wheel stops
4 Lubricators
5 Switch healers
6 Switch levers 4 Check and guard rails 5 Conductor rails

8 Sundries

4 Supplying 1 Bullhead rails 1 Mass: not exceeding 20 kg/m
2 Flat bottom rails 2 20-30kg/m
3 Dock and crane rails 3 30-40kglm
4 Check and guard rails 4 4O-50kg/m
5..,. Condu£tor faif~' 5 exceeding 50 kgJm
fr·· Twisttails"" .. nr
T 'SI~pers or 1 Timber
2. Concrete'
8 Fittings nr , Chairs
2 Baseplates
3 Pandrol.rail fasterunqs.
4 Plain fishplates
5. Insulated fishplates
6: Conductor .. rail i nsutatorss.
1 Conductcrrait side-ramps .•
5 Supplving 1 Turnouts nr
Z. Oiamondcrosstng!O nr
a SundIies 1 Buffer stops
2 Retarders
3 Wheel stops
4 Lubricators
5 Switch heaters
6 Switch levers
1 Conductor rail guard boards 1\

DEANITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

79

CLASS S

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

01 Bottom ballastshall be ballast placed before the track is laid,

02 Top ballast shall be ballast placed after the track is raid,

03 The length of track stated in item descnpt ions for lifting. packiny and slewing track sha II be the length measured along the centre line of the tr ack (two ra il) and shall betaken over all roads. Switch roads shall be measured from the toes of switches.

Cl Items for taking up rumouts and diamond crossings shall be deemed to include check. guard and conductor rails.

C2 Items for lifting, packing and slewing track shaH be deemed to include opening out. packing and boxing in ~i!h ballast and insertion of closure rails.

A 1 Item descriptions for track foundations shall state the material,

A2 Item descriptions for blinding, bisnkets and waterproof membranes shall state their thickness.

A3 Item descriptions for taking up (rack shalt state the a mou nt of disma ntling. details of disposa I of the track and the type at rail, sleeper and joint.

A4 Item descri ptions for raking up buffer stops shall state their approximate weight and type of construction.

A5 Item descriptions for fifting, packing and slewing track shall state the length of track, the maximum distance of slew and the maximum lift.

AS Where extra ballast is required item descriptions for lifting. packing arid slewing shall so state.

C3 Items for supplying shall be deemed to i nelude delivery of components to the Site.

C4 Items for supplying sleepers shall badeemedto.mclude firtings attached by the supplier.

C5 rtems for supplymg fittings shalf be deemed to include fixings. keys, clips. bolts, nuts. screws, spikes. ferru les, track circuit insulators, pads and conductor rait insulator packings.

A1 Item descriptions for supplying sleepers and fittings shall state the type

AS !terns for supplying sleepers shall state the 8';;:e of the sleepers andjdentify the firt,ngs wn ich are attached by the supplier.

A9 Item descriptions lor suppJy;ng rails shall state either the section reference and the mass per metre or the cr osssectional dimensions and the mass per metre.

C3 Items lor supplying shall be deemed to include- del ivery of components to the Site.

C6 Items for supplying turnouts and diamond crossings shaH be deemed to include tim bers, fittings and check rails.

C1 Items.forsupplying conductor rail guard boards shaH be deemed to include fildngs.

A10 llem descriptions for supplying turnouts and diamond crossings sha!! Slate the type.

A 11 Item descriptions for supplying sundries shall state the type.

Al2 Item descriptions for supplying buffer stops sha II state their approximate weight

THIRD DIVISION

-----------------------------+--------------------~---------~------------~--~---------

1 Plain track

2 Form curve in plain track radius not

exceeding 300 m 3 Form curve in plain track radius

exceeding 300 m 4 Turnouts 5 Diamond crossings 7 Welded joints 8 Spot re-sleeperinq

80

CLASS S

FIRST DIVISION

6 Laying

SECOND DIVISION

1 Bullhead rails

2 Flat bottom rails 3 Dock rails

4 Crane rails

5 Check rails 1 Rail
6 Guard rails 2 Length ends
7 Conductor rails 3 Side ramps s
7 Welded joints t
8 Sundries 1 Buffer stops
2 Retarders
3 Wheel stops
4 Lu bricators
5 Switch heaters
6 Switch levers
7 Conductor rail guard boards DEANITION RULES

04 Spot re-sleeperingshall be replacing sleepers in prefabricated track not supplied by the Contractor.

COVERAGE RULES

C8 Items for /ayingshaH be deemed to include work carried out after delivery of components to the Site or, where track is not to be supplied by the Contracto r. to the location slated in accordance withruleA13.

C9 Items for laying shall be deemed to include laying sleepers, fittinqs, twist rails and short lengths between turnouts and diamond crossings.

C10 hems for laying switches and crossings shan be deemed to include laying cheCk rails.

81

CLASS S

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

A13 Item descriptions for laying rail track which is not to be supplied by the Contractor sha II state the form in which it is to be supplied and the location.

A14 Item descriptions for laying plain track shall identify prefabricated lengths.

A 15 Item descriptions for laying rails shall state the type and mass per metre of rail and the type of joint a nd sleeper.

A 16 Item descriptions for laying turnouts and diamond crossings shall state their type and length.

A 11 Item descriptions for welded joints shall stale the rail section and the type af weld,

Ala Item descriptions for laving buffer stops shall state their approximate weight.

Includes:

Excludes:

E)(cavation.lining and securing of tunnels, shafts and other subterranean cavities Geotechnical processes carried out from the ground surface (included in class C) Filling within tunnels (included in class E)

Reinforcement in.in situ lining (included in class G)

Pipe laying in headings. tunnels and shafts (included in classes r, J. K and l) Cut and cover tunnels

82

CLASS T: TUNNELS

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
1 Excavation 1 Tunnels in rock m3 , Staled diameter: not exceeding 2 m
2 Tunnels in other stated material m3 2 2-3m
3 Shafts in rock m3 3 3-4m
4 Shafts in other stated material m3 4 4-Sm
5 Other cavities in rock mJ 5 5-6m
6 Other cavities in other stated material m3 6 6-7 m
7 7-8m
8 exceeding 8 m
7 Excavated surfaces in rock m2
8 Excavated surfaces in other stated
material m< DEFINITION RULES

D1 Transitions, breakawavs and intersections between tunnels and shafts which include work outside the norma I prof les of the tu n nels and shafts sha II be classed as other cavities.

COVERAGE RULES

83

CLASS T

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

At Where tunnelling work is expressly required to be executed under compressed air, items Shall be so described. Item descriptions shall state the gauge pressure in stages. The forst stage shalf be gauge pressu re not exceeding 1 ba r, Subsequent stages shall be gauge pressures in increments of 0·4 bars. The provision and operation of plant and services associated with the use of cornpressed air shall be classed as specified requirements in class A

A2. Item descriptions for excavation and lining of other cavities shall identify the cavity.

volu me measured for shan be calculated to tines shown on the where no payment to the net

of the volumes to be Excavation (other than OUTside the norma I

I profile of tunnels be classed as

of other cavities.

The area measured for surfaces shall be the payment surfaces Drawings or, where surfaces are shown, of the surfaces of the to be excavated.

02 The diameter used fa r classification and stated in item descriptions shall be the external diameter of the excavation crosssection of tunnels, shafts and other cavities.

Cl tterns for excavation shalf be deemed to include disposal of excavated materia! off the Site and removal of dead services unless otherwise stated in Item descriptions.

A3 Item descriptions for excavation shall state whether tunnels a nd shafts are stra ight, curved or tapered, hem descriptions for excavation shall state the gradient of tunne Is sloping at a gradient of 1 in 25 or steeper and the inclination to the vertical of incl ined shafts,

A4 Where material is for disposal on the Site the location of the disposal areas shall be Slated in item descriptions for excevetion. Where excavated material is 10 be used as filling, item descriptions shall so state,

A5 Deta its oHilling for voids caused by overbreak shall be stated in item descriptions for excavated surfaces.

A6 Where runnels, shafts and other cavities are not of circular cross-section, their maximum external dimension 01 crosssection shall be substituted for the diameter and their external cross-. sectional dimensions shall be stated in item descriptions.

84

CLASS T

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
2 In situ lining to tunnels 1 Sprayed concrete primary m2 1 Stated diameter: not exceeding 2 m
3 In situ lining to shafts 2 Sprayed concrete secondary m2 2 2-3m
4 In situ Ii ni ng to other cavities 3 Cast concrete primary m3 3 3-4m
4 Cast concrete secondary m3 4 4-5m
5 Formwork to stated finish m2 5 !:Hi m
6 6--7m
5 Preformed segmental lining to tunnels 1 Precast concrete bolted rings or 7 7-8m
6 Preformed segmental lining to shafts 2 Precast concrete expanded rings nr 8 exceeding 8 m
7 Preformed segmental lining to other 3 Cast iron bolted rings nr
cavities 4 Cast iron expanded rings nf
5 Nodular iron rings nr
6 Fabricated steel rings nr
7 Li ni ng a ncilla ries 1 Parallel circumferential packing nr
2 Tapered circumferential packing nr
, 3 Stepped junctions m
4 Caulking of stated material m DEANlTION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

85

CLASS T

ADOITIONAl DESCRIPTION RULES

03 Reinforcing materials added to the mix for sprayed concrete shalt not be classed as reinforcement,

04 The diameter of lining used for ctassification a nd stated in item descriptions sha II be the internal dia meter.

rr n

C2 Items for lining shall be deemed to include joints and finishes,

C3 lterns for preformed lining shall be deemed to include reinforcement and torrnwork,

A7 Item descriptions for lining shall state whether tunnels and shafts are srra ight, curved Of tapered. Item descriptions for lining shall state the gradient of tunnels sloping at a 9 fad ient of t in 25 or steeper and the

incli nation to the vertical of inclined shafts.

A8 Item descriptions for in situ lining shaH state the specification of the concrete and whether it is reinforced and identify those linings which are to form head walls, shaft bottoms and other similar components. ltern descriptions for sprayed concrete lining shall stale the mi nimum thickness.

A9 Item descriptions for preformed segmental lining rings shall identify the components of each ring and state the nomina I fing width and the maximum piece weight,

A1D Item descriptions for preformed segmental lining in pilot tunnels or shafts shall so state, Where the materials used in preformed segmental lining to pilot tunnels and shafts are to remain the oropertv of the Employer item descriptions shall so state.

A 11 Item descriptions for precast concrete se-gmentallining dngsshafl state whetherthe segments are flanged or solid. Item descriptions for meta' segmental lining rings Which have machined abutting surfaces shaH so state.

A 12 The internal diameter ofthe lining shall be stated in item descriptions for lining encillsries .

A 13 Where linings are not of

ci rcular cress-section their maximum internal di mension of cross-section shall be SUbstituted for the diameter and their internal cross-sectional dimensions sha II be stated in item descriptions .

. '·iYiIl,WlcrefE work in tining to tunnels, shafts and other cavities which involves other than simple shapes may be classed 85 concrete (class F) and 7i1llllilcre-r" ancillaries (class G).

CLASS T

86

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISiON
8 Support and stabilization 1 Rock bolts m 1 Mechanical
2 Mechanical grouted
3 Pre-grouted impacted
4 Chemical end anchor
5 Chemical grouted
6 Chemically filled
2 Internal support 1 Steel arches: supply I
2 erection I
3 Timber supports: supply
4 erection m'
5 Lagging ml
6 Sprayed concrete ml
7 Mesh orlink mi
3 Pressure grouting 1 Sets of drilling and grouting plant m
2 Face packers ni
3 Deep packers of stated size n:
4 Drilling and flushing to stated diameter IT
5 Re-drilling and flushing IT
6 Injection of grout materials of stated
composition
4 Forward probing m head of class on page83J

at the payment lines

I' Drawi ng s or, where lines are shown, W dimen sions of the su pport provided.

The number of face packers packers mea su red sna II number of injections.

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

CLASS T

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

03 Reinforcing materials added to the mix for sprayed concrete shall not be classed as reinforcement.

05 Mesh or lin\( reInforcement in sprayed concrete support shall be classed as mesh or link support.

C4 hems far face packers shall be deemed to include collaring, securing and making good linings on completion.

A14 Item descriptions for rock bolts shall state their size, type, shank detail and maximum tength.

AtS The materials used for lagging and for packing or grouting behind tagging shall be stated in item descriptions,

A1S 11em descriptions tor sprayed concrete support shall slate the specification of the concrete and whether it is reinforced and the minimum thickness. Item descriptions for mesh Or link support shall state the size and mass of mas h Of link fabric.

A 17 The lengths of hates shall be Slated in stages of 5 m in item descriptions tor drilling and fe-drilling holes for pressure grouting and in item descriptions for forward probin_g.

87

88

CLASS U: BRICKWORK, BlOCKWORK AND MASONRY

Excludes: Brickwork in manholes and other brickwork incidental to pipework [included in class Kl Brickwork in sewer renovation (included in class Y)

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
1 Common brickwork Thickness: not exceeding 150 mm m2 1 Vertical straight walls
2 Facing brickwork 2 lSO-250mm m2 2 Vertical curved walls
3 Engineering brickwork 3 2SO-S00mm m2 3 Battered straight walls
4 Lightweight blockwork 4 500mm--l m m2 4 Battered curved walls
5 Dense concrete blockwork 5 exceeding 1 m ml 5 Vertical facing to concrete
6 Artificial stone blockwork 6 Battered facing to concrete
7 Ashlar masonry 7 Casing to metal sections
8 Rubble masonry
6 Columns and piers of stated cross-
sectional dimensions m 7 Surface leatures

1 Copings and sills, materia) staled 2' Rebates and.chases

3' Cornices

4 Band courses 5; Corbels

6. Pilasters

7. Plinths .

8 Fair facing

m m m

8;. Ancillaries·

1 Joint reinforcement 2 Damp proof courses 3 Movement joints 4 Bonds to existing work 5 Infills of stated thickness

6 Fixings and lies m"

7 Built-in pipes and ducts. cross-sectional

area: no! exceeding 0·05 m'

S stated exceeding 0·05 m'

m

RULES

Mean dimensions shall be to calco!ate the areas and of INails, facing (0

and casing to mets! W1,nn,,,.nO the heights of and piers.

The lengths of surface measured shall be mean lengths. The areas measured for

· fair facing shaH be those e~pressly required and shaH be measured at Ihe face

1115 The length of adoit.onal material in laps of JOIfl! reinlorcemem and damp proof courses sh~H not be measured.

M6 The areas offixings and ties measured shal! bethe areas of

· brd;work, blockwork or masonry fixed Of tied. Where two areas 01 bnckwork, blockwork or masonry arefi~ed or tied to each other,

ooly the smaHer ofthe two areas

· shall be measu red

89

CLASS U

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

C1 Items tor masonry shail be deemed 10 include fair facing.

OEFINITION RULES

01 Walls orfacing battered on one Or both sides shall be cl assed as bettered walls or battered facing,

02 Isolated walls having a length on plan no! exceedinq four times their thiCkness shall be classed as piers.

03 In determining the thicknesses of walls, facing and casing. the presence of surface features shall be ignored.

04 The thicknesses of battered walls shatl be their mean thicknesses.

os Columns and piers attached to walls Of faCIng of the same> materia! shalf be classed as pifasters.

C2 Items for built-in pipes and ducts shall be deemed to include their supply unless otherwise stated.

A 1 Item descriptions for walls, facing to concrete, casing to metal sections, columns and piers sha I! either state the materials, nominal di mensions a nd types of brick, block and stone or give equivalent references to applicable British Standard specifications.

A2 Item descriptions for masonry walls. facing to concrete. casing to metal sections. columns and piers shall state the surface finish.

A.3 The bonding pattern, type of mortar and type of ;ointing and pointing shaH be stated in item descriptions for walls, facing to concrete. casing to metal sections. columns and piers.

A4 Item descriptions 10r walls, facing to concrete, casing to metal sections, columns and piers

which are in cavity or composite construction shall so state.

AS The nominal thickness of walls, facing to concrete and casing 10 metal sections shal! be staled in item descriptions.

11.6 Item descriptions for surface features shalf include sufficient detail to identity special masonry and specie I or cut bricks and blOCKS. The spacJng of intermittent surface features shall be stared in item descriptions.

A1 The cross-sectional dimensions 01 surface testures shall be stated in item descriptions where the cross> sectional area of the surface feature exceeds 0·05 mi.

AS The materials and dimensions of joint reintorcemont and damp proof courses, the materials of infi/ls and the type and spacing of fixings end ties shall be stated in item descriptions.

A9 The dimensions and nature of components including face or irnernal details shall be staled in item descriptions for rnovement

, jOJfl[S,

A10 The lengths of buill' in pipes and ducts shall be stated in item descriptions where they exceed 1 m

CLASS V: PAINTING

Includes:

Excludes:

In situ painting

Painting carried out prior to delivery of components to the Site

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

T Metalse~- 8_ Pipework

m' m'

j-

1 Metal. otherthan metal sections and

pipeworlc 2 Timber

3 Smooth concrete 4 Rough concrete 5 Masonry

6 Brickwork and blockwork

THIRD DIVISION

1 Lead, iron or zinc based primer paint 2 Etch primer paint

3 Oil paint

4 Alkyd gloss paint 5 Emulsion paint

6 Cement paint

1 Epoxy or polyurethane paint 8 Bituminous or coal tar paint

1 Upper surfaces inclined at an angle not exceeding 30" 10 the horizontal

2 Upper surfaces incli ned at 30'-60" to the horizontal

3 Surfaces inclined at an angle exceedjng 60° to the horizontal

4 Soffit surfaces and lower surfaces inclined at an angle not exceeding 60' to the horizontal

6 Surfaces of width not exceeding 300mm

7 Surfaces of width 300 mm--l m

8 Isolated groups of surfaces

f c

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

91

CLASS V

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

ae.'JlJClI'Ofl from the areas I be made for holes in the pa inted

ee eh not exceeding mlinarea.

2

2

n n

C1 Items for painting shall be deemed to inel ude prepa ration of surfaces before painting.

A 1 Item description s for painting shall state the material used and either the number of coals or the film thickness.

A2 Prepa ration of surfaces sh a II be identified in item descriptions where more than one type of preparation is specified for the same surface.

ISOlated groups of surfaces shape or dimensions measured as separate

01 Isolated groups of surteces shaJl be classed as such only where the tota I surface area of each group does not exceed 6 m2_

A3 Item descriptions for isolated groups of surfaces shaH Identify the work to be painted and its IDeation.

C2.Paintingof mel<ll sections shall be deemed 10 include painting-t:l'te-=rflIces'of . connecting plates, brackets. rivets, bolt s.. outs and similar projections.

C3 Painting of pjpeworkshall be deemed 10 include painting the surfaces. of fianges;vajves, other projecting fittings and hangers.

may be measured by thf1 number of ~edgroU'l!" ofsutfacesofthe sameshape.and:dimensions instead of by the length or area of the separate

92

CLASS W: WATERPROOFING

Includes:

Excludes:

Damp proofing. tanking and roofing

Waterproofed joints (included in classes C, G, H.I. J. K. R. T, U, X and V)

Damp proof courses in brickwork. blockwork and masonry (included in class U)

Surface finishes-and linings in simple building works incidental to civil engineering works (included in class Z)

FIRST DIVISION

SECOND DIVISION

THIRD DIVISION

1 Damp proofing 2 Tanking

3 Roofing

1 Asphalt

2 Sheet metal

3 Waterproof sheeting " Waterproof coating

5 Rendering in ordinary cement mortar

6 Rendering in waterproof cement mortar 7 Tiles

1 Upper surfaces inclined at an angle not exceeding 30· to the horizontal

2 Upper surfaces inclined at 30"-£0" to the horizontal

3 Surfaces inclined at an angle exceed-

ing 60" to the horizontal 4 Curved surfaces

5 Domed surfaces

6 Surfaces of width not exceeding 300mm

7 Surfaces of width 300 mm-1 m

8 Isolated groups of surfaces

4 Protective layers

1 Sand asphalt

2 Flexible sheeting 3 Sand

4 Sand and cement screed 5 Tiles

Upper surfaces inclined at an angle not exceeding 30· to the horizontal

2 Upper surfaces inclined at 30·-60" to the horizontal

3 Surfaces inclined at an angle exceed-

fog 60" to the horizontal 4 Curved surfaces

5 Domed surfaces

6 Surfaces of width not exceeding 300mm

7 Surfaces of width 300 mm~ 1 m

8 Isolated groups of surfaces

93

CLASS W

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

DEFINITION RULES

COVERAGE RULES

C1 Items for waterproofing shall be deemed to include preparing surfaces. forming joints, overlaps, mitres. angles, fillets. built-up edges and laying to faUs or cambers.

A 1 Item descriptions for waterproofing shall slate the materials used and the number and thickness of coatings or layers.

01 Waterproofing shaU be classed as to curved or domed surfaces only where a radius of curvature of the surface is less than 10 m.

A2. Item descriptions for isolated groups of surfaces shall identify the work to be waterproofed and state its location>

02 Isolated groups of surfaces sha II be classed as such on Iy where the total surface area of each 9 roup does not exceed 6 ml.

01 Waterproofmg shall be classed as to curved or domed surfaces only where a radius of

• cu rvsture ofthe surface is less than 10 m.

02 Isolated groups of surfaces sha It be classed as such only where the total surface area of each group does not exceed 6 m2.

A2 Item descriptions for isolated groups of surfaces shall identify the work to be waterproofed and state liS location,

'::;:!!!'W .... ,,,,,,,,fmr may be measured by the number of isola1e<igFoupS of surfaces of the,sama.~ape and dimensions mstead.ot by theAength or area of separate surfaces.

Includes:

Fences. gates and t"eir foundations Drainage to structures above ground Rock filled gabions

94

CLASS X: MISCELLANEOUS WORK

FIRST DIVISION SECOND DIVISION THIRD DIVISION
1 Fences m 1 Timber post and rail 1 Height: not exceeding 1 m
2 Timber post and wire 2 T-l·25m
3 Concrete post and wire 3 1·25-1·5 m
4 Metal post and wire 4 1·5--2m
5 Coated metal post and wire 5 2-2·5 m
6 Timber close boarded 6 2·5-3m
7 Metal guard rails 7 exceeding 3 m
8 Metal crash barriers
2 Gates and stiles nr 1 Timber field gates . 1 Width: not exceeding 1·5 m
2 Tim ber wicket gates 2 '·5-2 m
3 Metal field gates 3 2-2·5m
4 Metal wicket gates 4 2·5-3m
5 Stiles 5 3-4m
6 4--5m
1 exceeding 5 m
.
3 Drainage to structures above ground 1 Mild steel 1 Gutters m
2 Cast iron 2 Fittings to gutters m
3 Plastics 3 Downpipes m
4 Asbest{)S.crement . 4 Fittings to downpipes ru
4 Rock filled gabions 1 Box of stated size nr
2 Mattress of stated th ickness m'
• DEFINITION RULES

01 The heights used for classification of fe,.,cesshall be measured from the Commencing Surface.

COVERAGE RULES

Cl Items for fences shall be deemed to include excavation. preparation of surfaces. disposal of excavated material. upholding sides of excavation, backfilling, removal of existing services, concrete, formwork and reinforcement.

C2 hems for fences shall be deemed to include end posts. angle posts, straining posts and gate posts.

95

CLASS X

ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULES

Alit em descriptions for fences which are erected to a curve of radius not exceeding 100 m or on a surface inclined at an angle exceeding 10" shalt so state.

A2 The types and principat dimensions of fences and of their foundations shall be stated in item descriptions.

02 The width used for classification of qetes and stiles shall be measured between the inside faces of posts ..

03 Fittings to gutters shall include bends, angles, stop ends and outlets. Fittings to downpioes shall include bends. swan necks, shoes a nct roof outlets fixed directly to down pi pes.

04 Rock filled gabions exceeding 300 mm thick shalt be classed as box gabions and those not exceeding 300 mm thick as mattress gabions. Filling shall be deemed to be imported unless otherwise stated.

C3 Items for drainage to structures above ground shaH be deemed to. inc.lude supports.

A3 The types and principal dimensions of gates and stiles shall be stated in item

descri ptions.

A4 Item descriptions for gates composed of more !h an one leaf shall identify the number of leaves in item descriptions.

AS Item descriptions for drainage 10 structures above ground shall state the type, principal dimensions and materials ofthe components.

A6 Item descriptions for rock fl/led gabions shaH state the type and grading of filling, the size of mesh and the diameter of mesh wire, Details of protective coatings shall be stated.

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