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Globalization

Globalization

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Published by: vishwesh on Mar 29, 2010
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08/26/2010

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Lecture Outline Globalization: Cancerous Spread or Benevolent Aid?

Geography 5 February 27 2004 • Map Quiz • Globalization
– – – – Definition Time-Space Compression World System Theory World Cities

• Video:

What is Globalization?
“the process by which events, activities, and decisions in one part of the world have significant consequences for communities in distant parts of the globe.”
(Haggett, p.586)

Time-Space Compression
M. McLuhan (1960) “GLOBAL VILLAGE” - speed of life has increased - altered social, cultural, political and economic scale - GLOBAL Relationships
Haggett, p. 589

GLOBALIZATION = INTERNATIONALIZATION

Characteristics
Not a new phenomena – Colonization, mercantilism (16th - 18th Century) Modern Causes: 1) Transportation technology 2) Global media sourcing 3) Communication technology/ Internet 4) Multi National Corporations

The Debate
Cons • Uneven distribution of results – underdevelopment and concentration of $$ • Concentration of global/national capital and power (MNCs) • Risk of exploitation Pros •Promotes economic development •Increased employment in developing countries •Distribution of technology and ideas

Types of Globalization
Dispersal/Extensive
(Japur, India)

World Systems Theory
Wallerstein (1974)
• Theory of development and under-development

Concentration
(Seattle, USA)

•Distribution of global POWER – economic class • World divided into 3 spheres: Core Semi-periphery Periphery
•Culture (Media) •Environmental Problems •Economic modes/ Ideas POWER •Economic •Political

• Core exploits the peripheries and prevents development • Expressed through MNC control

Economic Regions of the World

Commodity Chains
Def: linkages between sites of production and consumption • Manufacturing increasingly global

• Hidden geographies: Global production creates distinct social, environmental and political characteristics
Core Semi-periphery Periphery

World Cities
Def: Urban areas which play a dominant role in global economics and politics
NOT POPULATION SIZE Financial centers of the globe - control the multinational corporations - usually get most capital from extraction in other areas Economic might = global political influence (e.g. G8)

World Cities

Haggett p. 603

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