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Lesson 19

Objective: Use objects and drawings to find how many are left.

Suggested Lesson Structure

Fluency Practice

Application Problem

Concept Development

Student Debrief

Total Time

(11 minutes)

(5 minutes)

(26 minutes)

(8 minutes)

(50 minutes)

Happy Counting K.CC.2

(3 minutes)

Make It Equal K.CC.6

(4 minutes)

Note: This activity helps students internalize the whole number counting sequence and become comfortable

changing directions in their count.

T:

S:

Lets play Happy Counting! Remember, when I hold my hand like this (two fingers pointing up), I

want you to count up. If I put my hand like this (two fingers pointing down), I want you to count

down. If I do this (closed fist) that means stop, but try hard to remember the last number you said.

Ready?

(Teachers fingers up) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (closed fist, fingers pointing down), 4, 3, 2, 1 (closed fist, fingers

up), 2, 3 (closed fist, fingers down), 2, 1 (closed fist, fingers up), 2, 3, 4, 5 (closed fist, fingers down),

4, 3 (closed fist, fingers up), 4, 5, 6 (closed fist, fingers down), 5, 4 (closed fist, fingers up), 5, 6, 7, 8

(closed fist, fingers down).

Continue Happy Counting to ten 3 (i.e., 13), increasing the numbers as students demonstrate mastery.

Materials: (S) 10 linking cubes

Note: This activity helps students transition from addition to subtraction operations in preparation for

todays lesson.

Guide students through the process of building a tower while stating the pattern as 1 more. Maintain

consistency in the language: 1. 1 more is 2. 2. 1 more is 3. 3. 1 more is 4. (Continue to 10.)

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

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4.D.3

Lesson 19 K4

Disassemble the tower while stating the pattern as 1 less. Again, the language is crucial to students

conceptual understanding: 10. 1 less is 9. 9. 1 less is 8. 8. 1 less is 7. (Continue to 0.)

If students are ready for the challenge, begin constructing the towers again, but stop the 1 more sequence at

5. Change directions, using the 1 less sequence. Continue moving up and down according to teacher

directions, as in Happy Counting.

Materials: (S) Bags of cubes, laminated paper or foam work mat, dice (per pair)

Note: Students add and take away objects in this fluency activity, helping to solidify the shared numerical

relationships underlying both addition and subtraction.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

The teacher introduces the term equal as meaning the same number.

Both partners roll dice and put that many cubes on their mat.

Partner A has to make her cubes equal to her partners by taking off or putting on more cubes.

Partner B counts to verify.

Students switch roles and play again.

Materials: (S) Small ball of clay

NOTES ON

MULTIPLE MEANS

OF REPRESENTATION:

The mice are hungry today! Make 5 little pieces of cheese out

of your clay, and put them on your desk. Pretend that a pair of

little mice came to your desk (a pair means 2 mice!) and that

each of them stole a piece of cheese. Take away their pieces to

show that they ate them. How many pieces are left?

language learners before the lesson by

showing them lots of pictures of pairs

of things (e.g., eyes, arms, or legs).

Have the students practice saying the

word, and ask them to provide

examples of pairs of things they can

think of. Have them use two fingers to

represent the pair of mice and act out

the story. Once they have learned the

word, they will be able to solve the

Application Problem.

Clarify vocabulary and symbols- The

teacher introduces the word pair to

students before teaching the lesson by

showing the students images of things

that come in pairs such as eyes, arms,

or legs. Students say the word pair

and think of examples of objects that

come in pairs. This is a good way to clarify the new vocabulary

for students.

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.4

Lesson 19 K4

Representation

1.3 Representation (Perception) Offer alternatives for visual

information- The teacher provides students with physical

manipulatives for students to use in order to represent

mathematical concepts and convey information. The teacher does

this by giving students clay to use as the cheese that the

mouse will eat. By allowing students to have this, they would

be able to utilize tangible objects that would benefit them as

they work on developing their counting skills.

Now, start with 4 morsels of cheese, and act out the story again.

How many are left?

Talk about the mice and the cheese with your partner. Did he

have the same number of pieces left each time? What do you

think would happen if you had only 3 pieces of cheese before

they came?

Note: This concrete application of how many are left serves as

the anticipatory set for todays lesson. Circulate during the

activity to observe which students might need extra support

with concrete materials during this topic.

reflection- Students get feedback throughout the lesson from

the teacher and their peers. The teacher is circulating

throughout the classroom to check in with students. In

addition, students are working with a peer in a collaborative

group in order to share ideas and reflect upon their thought

processes.

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.5

Lesson 19 K4

Materials: (S) Personal white board

T:

S:

T:

Who knows the song Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed?

Me! Me!

We are going to sing it today. Lets pretend your fingers are the monkeys. Show me 5 monkeys the

Math Way. (Demonstrate.) Show me your monkeys jumping! (Waving hand and wiggling fingers in

the air, sing)

T/S: 5 little monkeys jumping on the bed; one fell off and bumped his head. Mama called the doctor, and

the doctor said, NO MORE MONKEYS JUMPING ON THE BED!

T: Oh no! One of our monkeys fell off! We had 5, but we need to take one away. How many monkeys

are left?

S: 4.

T: Yes. 5 take away 1 is 4. Show me your 4 monkeys!

Repeat until all monkeys have fallen.

T:

S:

T:

MP.

1

S:

T:

None!

Lets make a picture about the song we just sang.

Draw circles on your personal white board to show

your 5 monkeys. Lets pretend the first monkey just

fell. What can we do to the picture to show that 1

monkey fell?

Cross off the monkey.

Yes! Lets cross off a circle to show that he fell.

(Demonstrate.) How many are left on the bed? Use a

complete sentence.

NOTES ON

MULTIPLE MEANS

OF ACTION AND

EXPRESSION:

Scaffold the lesson for students

working below grade level and for

those who seem unsure during the

monkeys jumping on the bed portion

of the lesson by providing them with

manipulatives to help them make their

drawings. Pair students who need the

extra support to make the task more

meaningful and manageable.

skills and fluency) Use multiple tools

for construction and composition- The

teacher provides alternatives for the

students by scaffolding the math lesson

in the Monkey Jumping on the Bed activity. The teacher does

this by giving students who are working below grade level

manipulatives in order to help them make their drawings. In

addition, the students who need more support are being paired

with other students in order to better manage the task. ( This

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

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4.D.6

Lesson 19 K4

means of action and expression on the page before.)

S:

T:

S:

T:

S:

T:

S:

5 monkeys take away 1 monkey is?

4 monkeys!

Now, the next monkey fell. Cross off another circle.

You had 5 monkeys in the beginning. 2 monkeys have

fallen. How many are left on the bed now?

Now, there are 3 left on the bed.

5 take away 2 is?

3.

Repeat the exercise with the same pattern until all monkeys are crossed out, each time emphasizing the

language of take away and how many are left. Circulate during discussion to see which students might

benefit from using linking cubes or other counters to support their drawings.

T:

T:

S:

T:

S:

T:

S:

T:

S:

T:

S:

Erase your boards. Lets pretend each monkey had a banana. Draw 5 bananas. (Allow time for

drawing.)

During the song, 2 bananas were squished. Cross off 2 bananas to show the ones that were

squished. (Demonstrate.) How many are left?

There are 3 left.

5 take away 2 is?

3.

Erase your boards. Lets pretend the monkeys liked to eat strawberries instead. Draw a strawberry

for each monkey. How many strawberries did you draw?

5.

During their game, 4 of the strawberries rolled onto the floor. Cross off 4 strawberries to show the

ones that rolled. (Demonstrate.) How many are left?

There is only 1 left!

5 take away 4 is?

1.

Students should do their personal best to complete the Problem Set within the allotted time.

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.7

Lesson 19 K4

Lesson Objective: Use objects and drawings to find how

many are left.

The Student Debrief is intended to invite reflection and

active processing of the total lesson experience.

function) Guide appropriate goal

setting- During the Student

Debrief, the teacher provides

guides for the students by

debriefing through each of the

questions in the lesson. The

teacher is inviting the students

to reflect upon their thinking

process as they go through the

lesson. By doing so, students are being exposed to the thought

process that teachers go through and are scaffolding their

thinking.

Invite students to review their solutions for the Problem Set. They should check work by comparing answers

with a partner before going over answers as a class.

collaboration and communication- Throughout the lesson,

students are collaborating with their peers in order to support

one another. The students are comparing their responses to

their neighbors responses during the Student Debrief as well

as conversing about what they crossed out on the page.

Look for misconceptions or misunderstandings that can be addressed in the Debrief. Guide students in a

conversation to debrief the Problem Set and process the lesson.

Any combination of the questions below may be used to lead the discussion.

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.8

Lesson 19 K4

Look at the things you crossed out on your Problem Set. Compare your Problem Set with your

neighbors. Did you cross out the same things? Does it matter which things you crossed out?

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.9

Lesson 19 K4

your neighbor, even though you might have

crossed out different things?

What happened when a monkey fell off the bed

in our song? What did you have to do with your

fingers?

How did we use our math words to talk about

what happened in the song?

How did your drawings help you solve the other

stories in our lesson? What did the crossed-off

parts show?

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.10

Name

Date

The cat ate 3 mice. Cross out 3 mice. Write how many mice are left.

The fish ate 2 worms. Cross out 2 worms. Write how many worms are left.

The frog ate 5 flies. Cross out 5 flies. Write how many flies are left.

The monkey ate 4 bananas. Cross out 4 bananas. Write how many bananas are left.

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.11

Draw 6 balls. The boy kicked 3 balls down the hill. How many balls does he

have left?

There are 5 butterflies flying around the flower. Draw them. 1 of the

butterflies flew away, so cross it out. How many butterflies are left?

Lesson 19:

Date:

11/25/15

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

4.D.12

Name

Date

1 train drove away. Cross out 1. Write how many were left.

2 horses were bought. Cross out 2. How many were left at the store?

4 ducks swam away. Cross out 4. Write how many are left.

There are 7 apples in the tree. Draw them. A bird ate 1 of them, so

cross it out. How many apples are left?

Lesson 19:

Lesson 19:

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