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Quantitative Aptitude Shortcut Formulae

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in

#1 Site for Bank PO Exams

INDICES

The first rule: an x am = am+n

The second rule: (an)m = amn

The third rule: am an = am-n

**The fourth rule: ao = 1
**

The fifth rule:

•

•

•

•

a1

1

1

a m m

a

a

n

am

1

(am )n

If am=an, then m = n

If am = bm and m;

Then a = b if m is odd

Or a = b if m is Even

(m a)n

www.OliveBoard.in

#1 Site for Bank PO Exams

AVERAGES

Sum of elements

Simple Average

Number of elements

w1 x1 w2 x2 ... w n x n

Weighted Average

w1 w2 ... w n

Arithmetic Mean (a1 a2 a3 ...an ) / n

28 1/13 7.5 1/14 7.67 1/12 8.33 1/9 11.88 1/6 16.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams FRACTIONS AND PERCENTAGES FRACTIONS %AGE FRACTION %AGE FRACTION %AGE 1/2 50 1/8 12.14 1/3 33.www.OliveBoard.67 1/4 25 1/10 10 1/16 6.33 1/18 5.11 1/15 6.25 1/5 20 1/11 9.26 .55 1/7 14.69 1/19 5.09 1/17 5.

• Final value = a b c x 1 1 1 .. c%..www.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PERCENTAGES • r% change can be nullified by 100r % change in 100 r another direction. 100 100 100 The net change after two successive changes of a% and b% is ab a b % 100 . b%.. • If a number ‘x’ is successively changed by a%.: An increase of 25% in prices can be nullified by a reduction of [100x25/(100+25)] = 20% reduction in consumption. E.OliveBoard..g.

OliveBoard.www.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PARTNERSHIP • If two partners A and B are investing their money to run a business then (Simple Partnership) Capital of A Profit of A Capital of B Profit of B • If two partners A and B are INVESTING their MONEY for different period of time to run a business then (Compound Partnership) Capital of A x Time period of A Profit of A Capital of B x Time period of B Profit of B .

OliveBoard. 1002 .in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams INTEREST • Amount = Principal + Interest • Simple Interest = PNR/100 n r P 1 P • Compound Interest = 100 • Population formula P’ = r P1 100 n • SI and CI are same for a certain sum of money (P) at a certain rate (r) per annum for the first year. The difference after a period of two years is PR2 given by.www. The difference after a period of two years is given by r • Depreciation formula = Initial Value x 1 100 n • SI and CI are same for a certain sum of money (P) at a certain rate (r) per annum for the first year.

www.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PROFIT AND LOSS • % Profit = ClaimedWeight ActualWeight 1 x 100 Actual Weight • Discount % = MarkedPr ice Selling Pr ice x100 MarkedPr ice Effective Discount after successive discount of a% and b% is (a + b – ab/100). Effective Discount y when you buy x goods and get y goods free is x y x 100 .OliveBoard.

n Quantity of original entity after n operation a b Quantity of mixture a ALLIGATION.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams ALLIGATION SUCCESSIVE REPLACEMENTWhere a is the original quantity. b is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the operation is carried out.www.The ratio of weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. Quantity of first item x x 2 Quantity of sec ond item x x1 .OliveBoard.

OliveBoard.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams Alligation: ALLIGATION .www.

www.OliveBoard.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams RATIO AND PROPOTION a c ab c d If & a b then b d ab c d If a / b c / d e / f k ace k bdf pa qc re k pb qd rf pa n qcn ren n n pb qd rf n k^n .

www.s3….... 1/ sn 2s1s2 (for two speeds) s1 s2 • If the time taken is constant then the average speed is Arithmetic Mean of the values (s1.tn • If the distance covered is constant then the average speed is Harmonic Mean of the values (s1.sn) • • s1 s2 s3 ..in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams TIME SPEED AND DISTANCE • Speed = Distance/Time • 1 kmph = 5/18 m/sec..s3….s2.. 1 m/sec = 18/5 kmph • SpeedAvg Total Distance Covered d1 d2 d3..sn) • • Speed Avg SpeedAvg n 1/ s1 1/ s2 1/ s3... sn n s s 1 2 ( for two speeds) 2 SpeedAvg SpeedAvg .s2...dn Total Time Taken t1 t2 t3.OliveBoard..

www. the direction along the stream is called downstream. then: Speedin still water Rateof stream 1 (a b) km / hr 2 1 (a b) km / hr 2 .in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams TIME SPEED AND DISTANCE Total length to be cov ered For Trains. then: Speed downstream = (u + v) km/hr Speed upstream = (u . time taken Re lative Speed • Downstream/Upstream: In water. the direction against the stream is called upstream • If the speed of a boat in still water is u km/hr and the speed of the stream is v km/hr. And.OliveBoard.v) km/hr • If the speed downstream is a km/hr and the speed upstream is b km/hr.

at .www. B does the same job in ‘b’ hours and C does the same job in ‘c’ hours. together they will take ab hours ab • A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours more than A and B combined whereas B does the same job in ‘b’ hours more than A and B combined. then together they will take ab hours to finish the job. • A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours and B does the same job in ‘b’ hours. then together they will take abc hours. • A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours.OliveBoard. then in 1 hour he would do 1/t portion of the task. the B alone will take at hours.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams TIME AND WORK • If a person can do a certain task in t hours. ab bc ca • If A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours and A&B together do the job in ‘t’ hours.

then the Inlet pipes do positive work whereas the Outlet pipes do negative work.www. . then the Outlet pipes do positive work whereas the Inlet Pipes do negative work. then • C alone can do it in abt hours ab at bt • A and C together can do it in bt hours bt • B and C together can do it in a t hours at If the objective is to fill the tank. If the objective is to empty the tank. B does the same job in ‘b’ hours and ABC together do the job in ‘t’ hours.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams TIME AND WORK • If A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours.OliveBoard.

in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PIPES AND CISTERN A pipe connected with a tank or a cistern or a reservoir.OliveBoard. the net part emptied in 1 hour = (1/y – 1/x) .A pipe connected with a tank or cistern or reservoir.1/y) if a pipe can fill a tank in x hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in y hours(y>x) then on opening both the pipes. Outlet.www. that fits it is known as a inlet. emptying it is known as a outlet If a pipe can fill a tank in y hours then part filled in 1 hour = 1/y If a pipe can empty a tank in y hours. then part emptied in 1 hour = 1/y If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in y hours where(x>y) then on opening both the pipes the net part filled in one hour is = ( 1/x .

.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS • When two tasks are performed in succession. the total number of ways of arranging 'r' items out of 'n' is • (n)(n ..e. i.www. the tasks are connected by an 'OR'. you have to MULTIPLY the individual number of ways.. So. When only one of the two tasks is performed. • Linear arrangement of ‘r’ out of 'n' distinct items (nPr): • The first item in the line can be selected in 'n' ways AND the second in (n — 1) ways AND the third in (n — 2) ways AND so on. to find the total number of ways of performing the two tasks.(n . they are connected by an 'AND'. i. to find the total number of ways of performing the two tasks you have to ADD the individual number of ways.OliveBoard.r + 1) = n! (n r )! .1)(n — 2).e.

'r' are alike in a line is given by = p ! q !r ! . This can be done in (n — 1)! ways. • n P = nC r r x r! • Number of ways of arranging 'n' items out of which `p' are alike.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS • Circular arrangement of 'n' distinct items: Fix the first item and then arrange all the other items linearly with respect to the first item.www. • In a necklace. it can be done in (n 1) ways 2 • Selection of r items out of 'n' distinct items (nCr): Arrange of r n! items out of n = Select r items out of n and then arrange r!(n r)! those r items on r linear positions.OliveBoard. 'q' n! are alike.

in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams PROBABILITY CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY FORMULA conditional probability that A occurs given that B has occurred is written as P(A|B) and defined by P(A|B) = P(A ∩ B) / P(B) FAVOURABLEOUTCOMES THEORITICAL PROBABILITY TOTALOUTCOMES • If the probability of an event occurring is P. then the probability of that event occurring ‘r’ times in ‘n’ trials is = nCr x Pr x (1-P)n-r .www.OliveBoard.

then (i) Probability of happening none of them = (1 – p1) (1 – p2) …. (1 . then. P (A B) = P (A) P (B) or P (AB) = P (A) P (B) • If the probabilities of happening of n independent events be p1.pn) (ii) Probability of happening atleast one of them = 1 .pn) . p2 pn respectively.www.in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams Odds PROBABILITY Oddsinfactor Numberof favorableoutcomes numberof not favorableoutcomes Oddsagainst not favourableoutcome Numberof the favorable outcomes • If A and B are two independent events.(1 – p1) (1 – p2) …. (1 .OliveBoard.pn) (iii) Probability of happening of first event and not happening of the remaining = p1 (1 – p2) (1 – p3) … (1 .

5*BASE*HEIGHT SUM OF ALL SIDES RHOMBUS LENGTH*HEIGHT 4*LENGTH OF A SIDE .in #1 Site for Bank PO Exams MENSURATION NAME OF PLANE FIGURE CIRCLE AREA IN SQUARE UNIT πr2 PERIMETER IN UNITS 2πr RECTANGLE LENGTH* WIDTH 2(LENGTH+WIDTH) SQUARE SIDE*SIDE 4*SIDE TRIANGLE 0.OliveBoard.www.

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