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SPEED AND ACCURACY BRING SUCCESS IN MATHEMATICS

gd;dpuz;lhk; tFg;Gf; fzpjtpay;
BLUE PRINT
Chapter
No.

Chapters

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

mzpfs; kw;Wk; mzpf;Nfhitfs;
ntf;lh; ,aw;fzpjk;
fyg;ngz;fs;
gFKiw tbtf; fzpjk;
tifEz;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;-I
tifEz;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;-II
njhifEz;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;
tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghLfs;
jdpepiy fzf;fpay;
epfo;jfTg; guty;

Total Number of Questions

No. of Questions
1 Mark
6 Marks
10 Marks

4
6
4
4
4
2
4
4
4
4
40

2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
16

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

1
2
1
3
2
1
2
2
1
1
16

Total
Marks

26
38
26
40
36
18
30
30
26
26
296

Page0

; khzth;fSf;fhd vspikahd ghlg; gFjpfSk; mjd; kjpg;ngz;fSk;
TABLE - I

No. of

Chapter

Chapters

No.
2
4

Questions

No. of
10 Mark
Questions

Total
Marks

-----

20(2)
28(3)

20
30

6 & 3 Mark

ntf;lh; ,aw;fzpjk;
gFKiw tbtf; fzpjk;

2-Mk; ghlj;jpYs;s 20 - gj;J kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fspYk; 4-Mk;
ghlj;jpYs;s 28 - gj;J kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fspYk; KOikahfg; gapw;rp ngw;why;
nghJj; Njh;tpy; 50 kjpg;ngz;fs; ngw KbAk;.
TABLE - II

No. of

Chapter

Chapters

No.
9
6
3

Questions

No. of
10 Mark
Questions

Total
Marks

33+12(2)
-----

15(1)
11(1)
16(1)

22
10
10

6 & 3 Mark

jdpepiy fzf;fpay;
tifEz;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;-II
fyg;ngz;fs;

9-Mk; ghlj;jpYs;s 15 - gj;J kjpg;ngz;>; 33 – MW kjpg;ngz; 12- %d;W
kjpg;ngz;>; 6-Mk; ghlj;jpYs;s 11 - gj;J kjpg;ngz;;> 3-Mk; ghlj;jpYs;s 16 gj;J kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fspYk; KOikahfg; gapw;rp ngw;why; nghJj; Njh;tpy; 42
kjpg;ngz;fs; ngw KbAk;.
TABLE - III

No. of

Chapter

Chapters

No.

6 & 3 Mark

Questions

1
10

35+13(2)

mzpfs; kw;Wk; mzpf;Nfhitfs;

---

epfo;jfTg; guty;

No. of
10 Mark
Questions

Total
Marks

-----

12
---

1-Mk; ghlj;jpYs;s 35 - MW kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fspYk; 13 - %d;W
kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fspYk; KOikahfg; gapw;rp ngw;why; nghJj; Njh;tpy; 12
kjpg;ngz;fs; ngw KbAk;.
TABLE - IV

No. of

Chapter

Chapters

No.
5
7
8

tifEz;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;-I
njhifEz;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;
tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghLfs;

Gj;jfj;jpYs;s

midj;J

Questions

No. of
10 Mark
Questions

Total
Marks

-------

-------

-------

kjpg;ngz;

tpdhf;fspYk;

6 & 3 Mark

271

xU

nghJj; Njh;tpy; 30 kjpg;ngz;fs; ngw

KbAk;. Mf

nkhj;jk;

gapw;rp

ngw;why;

ml;ltiz I Kjy;

ml;ltiz IV kw;Wk; xU kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fspy; khzth;fs; KOikahfg; gapw;rp ngw;W

134 kjpg;ngz;fis vspjhfg; ngw KbAk;.

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Page1

fzpjk; - 10 kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fSk; kw;Wk; vspikahd tpilfSk;
2. ntf;lh; ,aw;fzpjk; (2 x 10 = 20 kjpg;ngz;fs;)
1) Cos(A–B) = CosA CosB + SinA sinB vd epWTf.

3)ep&gpf;f: Cos(A+B) = CosA CosB – SinA SinB

jPh;T:
P(CosA, SinA)kw;Wk;Q(CosB, SinB)vd;gd
Oia
ikakhff;
nfhz;l
myF
tl;lj;jpy;
cs;s
VNjDk; ,U Gs;spfs;
kw;Wk; vd;w myF
ntf;lh;fis
x,
ymr;Rj;
jpirfspy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;f.

jPh;T:
P(CosA, SinA)kw;Wk;Q(CosB, –SinB) vd;gd O ia
ikakhff; nfhz;l myF
tl;lj;jpy; cs;s VNjDk;
,U Gs;spfs;.
kw;Wk; vd;w
myF
ntf;lh;fis
x,
ymr;Rj;
jpirfspy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;f.
= CosA + SinA

=CosA + SinA

= CosB – SinB

=CosB + SinB

.

=

.

Cos(A – B) = Cos(A – B)……...(1)

.
= CosA CosB + SinA SinB ……(2)
(1), (2) ypUe;J Cos (A–B) = CosA CosB + SinA SinB

=

Cos (A+B)= Cos(A+B)………(1)

.
= CosA CosB – SinA SinB…….(2)
(1), (2) ypUe;J Cos (A+B) = CosA CosB – SinA SinB

2) Sin(A–B) = SinA CosB – CosA SinB vd ntf;lh;
Kiwapy; ep&gp.

4) Sin (A+B) = SinA CosB + CosA SinB vd
ntf;lh;Kiwapy; ep&gp.

jPh;T:
P(CosA, SinA) kw;Wk;Q(CosB, SinB) vd;gd
Oia ikakhff; nfhz;l
myF
tl;lj;jpy;
cs;s
VNjDk; ,U Gs;spfs;
kw;Wk; vd;w
myF
ntf;lh;fis x, y mr;Rj;
jpirfspy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;f.

jPh;T:
P(CosA, SinA) kw;Wk; Q (CosB, –SinB) vd;gd Oia
ikakhff; nfhz;l myF
tl;lj;jpy;
cs;s
VNjDk;
,U Gs;spfs;
kw;Wk; vd;w
myF
ntf;lh;fis
x,
ymr;Rj;
jpirfspy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;f.

= CosA + SinA

= CosA + SinA

= CosB + SinB

= CosB – SinB

x

x

=

Sin (A–B)

=

= (1) (1) Sin (A–B)
=
x

= (1) (1) Sin (A+B)

Sin (A–B)…………..(1)

=

= (SinA CosB –CosA SinB)………….(2)
(1), (2) ypUe;J Sin (A–B) = SinA CosB – CosA SinB

Sin (A+B)
= Sin (A+B)…………..(1)

x

=

= (SinA CosB + CosA SinB)……….(2)
(1), (2) ypUe;J Sin (A+B)= SinA CosB +CosA SinB

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Page2

5)xU Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Fj;Jf;NfhLfs; xNu
Gs;spapy; re;jpf;Fk; vd;gjid ntf;lh;
Kiwapy; epWTf.

7) If

jPh;T:
Kf;Nfhzk;ABC –apy; Fj;Jf;
NfhLfs; ADkw;Wk; BEvd;gd
O–apy; ntl;Lfpd;wd.
CO vd;gJAB–f;F nrq;Fj;J
vd epWTf.

vd;gijr; rhpghh;f;f.

= ,

=

,

jPh;T:
×

=0

=

=0

.

×

= 0…………. (1)
)= 0

.

(1) +(2) ⇒

=

=0
=0⇒

.

vdNt
Kf;Nfhzj;jpd;
Gs;spapy; ntl;Lfpd;wd.

=

= (2 – 1) – (4 – 1)+ (2 – 1)

= 0…………. (2)
).

=

= (1 – 0) – (1 – 2)+ (0 – 2)

(

+ , = + , = + +
= + +2 , vdpy;

kw;Wk;

=

= 0⇒

=

=0

×

Fj;Jf;

NfhLfs;

xNu

)× (

× )=

= (1 – 6) – (1 + 2)+ (–3 –1)
=

6) If
=

=
-

+

-

,

=

+

,

….(1)
]=

[

vdpy;
=1(0 – 1) –1(2 – 2)+1(2 – 0)=1

× × )=
vdr; rhpghh;f;f.

]=

jPh;T:

=1(0 – 1) –1(4 – 1)+ 1(2 – 0)= –2
=
]

= (0 – 5) – (6 – 0)+

= –2(

(–2 –0)

=

+

–[
+

]

) – 1( +

+2

)

= –5 –3 –4 …..(2)
(1) , (2) ypUe;J
×(

)=
= (–6 – 6) – (–4 – 5)+

=

(–12 + 15)

…………(1)
.

=

.

=

=6
)= –9
=6(

=

)+9(
…………(2)

(1) , (2) ypUe;J
×

×

)=

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Page3

8)

=

=

= =

kw;Wk;

10)(2, –1, –3) topNar; nry;yf;$baJk;

vd;w

=

NfhLfs; ntl;Lk; vdf; fhl;b mit ntl;Lk;
Gs;spiaf; fhz;f.

=4 –
=3 – ,

,

=

=

=

, ]=

–4 ;

=2 –3 +2
ntf;lh; rkd;ghL
= +
+t

=0

= 2 – –3 + s(
fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

– 4 )+t (2 –3 + 2 )

= ⇒ Nfhl;by; cs;s VNjDk; xU Gs;sp

(

=0

…….(1)
= =

Mfpa

– –3

=

/ NfhLfs; ntl;bf; nfhs;fpd;wd.
=

=

jPh;T:

=2 +3

=3 –
[

kw;Wk;

NfhLfSf;F ,izahf cs;sJkhd
jsj;jpd; ntf;lh; kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad;
rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

= + –

jPh;T:

=

= µ

Nfhl;by;

cs;s

VNjDk;

xU

=0

……..(2)

Gs;sp(2

(1) , (2)–ypUe;J–λ + 1 = 0 (or) 3µ – 1 = –1
,
µ=0
∴ ntl;Lk; Gs;sp(4, 0 ,–1)

(x – 2) (–8) – (y + 1) (14) + (z + 3) (–13) = 0
–8x + 16 – 14y –14–13z –39 = 0
8x + 14y + 13z + 37 = 0

9)

11)(1, 3, 2) vd;w Gs;sp topr; nry;tJk;

=

= kw;Wk;

=

=

vd;w

NfhLfs; ntl;bf; nfhs;Sk; vdf; fhl;Lf.
NkYk; mit ntl;Lk; Gs;spiaf; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
= –

=2 + –

;

= – +3 :

[

, , ]=

=
=0

= = ⇒ Nfhl;by; cs;s VNjDk; xU
…….(1)

Gs;sp(
=

=

kw;Wk;

=

=

vd;w

NfhLfSf;F ,izahdJkhd jsj;jpd;
ntf;lh; kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghLfisf;
fhz;f.

= +

∴ NfhLfs; ntl;bf; nfhs;fpd;wd
=

=

jPh;T:

= +2 –

= +2 –

=

Nfhl;by; cs;s VNjDk; xU

Gs;sp(
……...(2)
(1) ,(2)–y; ,Ue;J
⇒ λ – µ = 1 ……….(3)
–λ –1 = 2µ + 1 ⇒ –λ –2µ = 2 ………….(4)
(3) + (4) ⇒µ = –1, λ = 0
∴ ntl;Lk; Gs;sp (1,–1,0)

+2
+3

;

= +2 +2
ntf;lh; rkd;ghL
= + +t
= + + 2 + s(
fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

+3 )+ t ( +2 +2 )
=0

=0

(x – 1) (–8) – (y – 3) (1) + (z – 2) (5) = 0
8x + y – 5z – 1 = 0

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Page4

12)

=

=

=

=

vd;w Nfhl;il cs;slf;fpaJk;
vd;w Nfhl;bw;F

,izahdJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lh; kw;Wk;
fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

jPh;T: =

jPh;T: = +2 +
=

15)(–1, 1, 1) kw;Wk; (1, –1, 1) Mfpa Gs;spfs;
topNar; nry;yf; $baJk; x + 2y +2z =5 vd;w
jsj;jpw;F nrq;Fj;jhf miktJkhdjsj;jpd;
ntf;lh; kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad;rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.
=

+3 , = +2 +

ntf;lh; rkd;ghL = +
= 2 + 2 + +s(

+ +
+ ;

= +2 +2

ntf;lh; rkd;ghL =(1–s) +

+t

= (1 – s)(

+3 )+t( +2 + )
=0

fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

+ +

+ s(

+t
+ )+t( + +

)
=0

fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL
=0

=0
(x – 2) (–3) – (y – 2) (–7) + (z – 1) (–5) = 0
–3x + 6 + 7y – 14 –5z + 5 = 0
× by –1⇒
3x – 7y +5z + 3 = 0
13) (–1, 3, 2) vd;;w Gs;sp topr; nry;tJk;
x + 2y + 2z = 5kw;Wk;3x + y + 2z = 8Mfpa
jsq;fSf;Fr; nrq;Fj;jhdJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lh;
kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.
jPh;T: =
=

+
+2

+2

ntf;lh; rkd;ghL = +
=– +

+2 +s(

16)(1,2,3) kw;Wk; (2,3,1) vd;w Gs;spfs;
top;Na nry;yf;$baJk; 3x – 2y +4z –5 = 0
vd;w jsj;jpw;Fr; nrq;Fj;jhfTk; mike;j
jsj;jpd; ntf;lh; kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad;
rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.
jPh;T: = +

=3 + +2

;

( x + 1) (–4) – (y – 1) (4) + (z – 1) (6) = 0
– 4x – 4 – 4y + 4 + 6z –6 = 0
÷ by –2⇒2x + 2y –3z + 3 = 0

=

+t

+2 )+ t ( + +

+
+ ;

;
=

–2 +4

ntf;lh; rkd;ghL = (1 – s) +

)

=(1–s)( +

+3 )+s(2

+t

+ )+t(3 –

+

)

=0

fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

=0

fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL
=0

=0

(x+1)(2) – (y–3) (–4) + (z–2) (–5) = 0
2x + 4y – 5z = 0
14) A (1,–2,3)kw;Wk; B(–1, 2, –1) vd;w Gs;spfs;
top;Na nry;yf;$baJk;

=

=

vd;w

17)

Nfhl;bw;F ,izahdJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lh;
kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

;

=2 +3 +4

ntf;lh; rkd;ghL =(1 – s) +
=(1–s)( –2 +3 )+s(
fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

jPh;T: =

+t
– )+t( +

=0
=0
(x – 1) (28) –(y + 2) (0) + (z – 3) (–14) = 0
28x – 14z + 14 = 0 ÷ by 14⇒2x – z + 1 = 0

=

+

=

vd;w Nfhl;il

cs;slf;fpaJk; (–1, 1, –1) vd;w Gs;sp
top;Na nry;yf; $baJkhd ntf;lh; kw;Wk;
fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

jPh;T: = –2 +3
=–

(x – 1) (0) – (y – 2) (10) + (z – 3) (–5) = 0
–10y –5z + 35 = 0
÷ by –5 ⇒2y + z – 7 = 0

)

+ –

; =

+ ; = +3 –2

ntf;lh; rkd;ghL = (1 – s) +
= (1–s)(– + – ) +s(2

+t

+ )+t(2 +

)
=0

fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL
=0

(x + 1) (–8) – (y – 1) (–10) + (z + 1) (7) = 0
-8x + 10y + 7z – 11 = 0 × by –1⇒ 8x – 10y – 7z + 11 = 0

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Page5

18)(2,2,–1), (3,4,2) kw;Wk; (7,0,6) Mfpa
Gs;spfs; topNa nry;yf; $ba jsj;jpd;
ntf;lh; kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghl;ilf;
fhz;f.
jPh;T:
=

+

=

20) ntl;Lj;Jz;L tbtpy; xU jsj;jpd;
rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
a, b, c vd;gd x, y, z mr;Rfspy; ntl;Lj;Jz;Lfs;
∴ =
=

+

=

= +6
(i) ntf;lh; rkd;ghL
= (1–s–t)

+

= (1–s–t) (2 +

+t

+ s(3
+ t (7 +

+

)
)

(ii) fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL
=0

(i) ntf;lh; rkd;ghL
=(1–s–t) +
=(1–s–t) a +

=0

(x – 2) (20) – (y – 2) (–8) + (z + 1) (–12) = 0
20x – 40 + 8y –16 –12z –12 = 0
20x + 8y – 12z – 68 = 0
÷ by 4⇒5x + 2y – 3z – 17 = 0

19) +4 +2 ,2
kw;Wk; 7
Mfpatw;iw epiy ntf;lh;fshff; nfhz;l
Gs;spfs; topNa nry;Yk; jsj;jpd; ntf;lh;
kw;Wk; fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
=2

+ tc

(ii) fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

=0

=

+t

=0

(x – a) (bc – 0) – y (– ac – 0) + z (0 + ab) = 0
xbc – abc + yac + zab = 0
xbc + yac + zab = abc
abc –My; tFf;f

+4 +2

=7
ntf;lh; rkd;ghL
= (1 – s – t)

+

+t

= (1–s–t) +4 +2 )+s(2
fhh;Brpad; rkd;ghL

– )+ t(7 + )

=0

=0
(x – 3) (–6) – (y – 4) (13) + (z – 2) (28) = 0
–6x – 13y + 28z + 14 = 0
× by –1⇒ 6x + 13y – 28z – 14 = 0

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Page6

4. gFKiw tbtf;fzpjk; (3 x 10 = 30 kjpg;ngz;fs;)
1)

vd;w gutisaj;jpw;F
mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiu>
nrt;tfyj;jpd; rkd;ghL kw;Wk; nrt;tfyj;jpd;
ePsk; fhz;f. NkYk; mt;tistiufis tiuf.
jPh;T:.
(y + 3)2 = 8x , [ Y2 = 4aX]
X = x ⇒ x = X Y = y + 3 ⇒ y = Y – 3; a = 2
tyg;Gwk; jpwg;Gila tbtpy; mikfpwJ
X, Y Ig;
x, y Ig;
nghWj;J
nghWj;J
x = X, y = Y–3
mr;R
Y =0
y = –3
Kid
V (0, –3)
(0,0)
Ftpak;
(a,0)=(2,0)
F(2, –3)
,af;Ftiu
X = –a, X = –2
x = –2
nrt;tfyk;
X = a, X =2
x =2
nrt;tfyj;jpd;
4a
8
ePsk;

2)
vd;w gutisaj;jpw;F
mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiu> nrt;tfyj;jpd;
rkd;ghL kw;Wk; nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Mfpatw;iwf;
fhz;f. NkYk; mtw;wpd; tiuglq;fis tiuf.
jPh;T:
= 12( y +1);

[

]

X = x – 3 ⇒ x = X + 3; Y = y + 1 ⇒y = Y – 1; a = 3
Nky;Nehf;»¤ jpwg;Gila tbtpy; mikfpwJ
X, Y Ig;
nghWj;J
mr;R
Kid
Ftpak;
,af;Ftiu
nrt;tfyk;
nrt;tfyj;jpd;
ePsk;

X =0
(0,0)
(0, a)=(0,3)
Y = –a, Y = –3
Y = a, Y =3
4a

x,y Ig; nghWj;J
x= X+3,y = Y–1
x =3
V (3, –1)
F(3,2)
y = –4
y =2
12

(3)
vd;w gutisaj;jpw;F
mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiu>
nrt;tfyj;jpd; rkd;ghL kw;Wk;
nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f.
NkYk; mtw;wpd; tiuglq;fis tiuf.
jPh;T:
, [
X = x – 1 ⇒ x = X + 1; Y = y – 3 ⇒ y = Y + 3; a = 2
,lg;Gwk; jpwg;Gila tbtpy; mikfpwJ
X, Y Ig;
x, y Ig;
nghWj;J
nghWj;J
x = X+1, y = Y+3
mr;R
Y =0
y =3
Kid
V (1,3)
(0,0)
Ftpak;
(–a,0)=(–2,0)
F(–1,3)
,af;Ftiu
X = a, X =2
x =3
nrt;tfyk;
X = –a, X= –2
x= –1
nrt;tfyj;
4a
8
jpd; ePsk;

(4)
vd;w gutisaj;jpw;F
mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiu> nrt;tfyj;jpd;
rkd;ghL kw;Wk; nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; fhz;f.
NkYk; mt;tistiufis tiuf.
jPh;T:
= –8( y +2); [
]
X = x – 1⇒ x = X + 1;Y = y + 2 ⇒ y = Y –2; a = 2
fPo;Nehf;»¤ jpwg;Gila tbtpy; mikfpwJ
X, Y Ig;
nghWj;J
mr;R
Kid
Ftpak;
,af;Ftiu
nrt;tfyk;
nrt;tfy
ePsk;

X =0
(0,0)
(0,–a)=(0, –2)
Y = a, Y =2
Y = –a, Y = –2
4a

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

x, y Ig;
nghWj;J
x=X+1, y = Y–2
x =1
V (1, –2)
F(1, –4)
y =0
y = –4
8

Page7

5)
vd;w ePs;
tl;lj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj; jfT> ikak;>
Ftpaq;fs;> Kidfs; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f.
kw;Wk; tiuglk; tiuf.
jPh;T:

X, Y I nghWj;J

C (0,0)

ikak;

(

+ 4(

Ftpaq;fs;

(0, ae)=(0,

)

(0, –ae)=(0,

X = x – 4 ⇒ x = X + 4; Y = y – 2 ⇒y = Y + 2
= 100 , a = 10;
= 25 , b = 5
nel;lr;R X mr;R topr; nry;fpwJ
=

)

A (0, a)= A (0,6)
(0, –a)= (0, –6)

Kidfs;

ikaj;njhiyj;jfT =

x, y I
nghWj;J
x = X+1,
y = Y–4
c (1, –4)
(1,–4+

)

(1,–4 –

)

A (1,2),
(1,–10)

=

ae =5

X, Y I nghWj;J

(0,0)

ikak;
Ftpaq;fs;

(ae,0)=(5
(–ae,0)=(–5

Kidfs;

x, y I
nghWj;J
x = X + 4,
y=Y+2
C (4,2)

,0)
,0),

A (a,0)= A (10,0)
(–a,0), (–10,0)

(4+5

,2)

(4 – 5

,2)

7)
vd;w ePs;
tl;lj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj; jfT> ikak;>
Ftpaq;fs;> Kidfs; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f.
kw;Wk; tiuglk; tiuf.
jPh;T
16(
16

A (14,2),
(–6,2)

X = x + 1 ⇒ x = X–1; Y = y – 2 ⇒ y = Y + 2
;
=9 ⇒b=3
nel;lr;R Y mr;R topr; nry;fpwJ
ikaj;njhiyj;jfT
ae = 4× =√7
6)
vd;w ePs;
tl;lj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj; jfT> ikak;>
Ftpaq;fs;> Kidfs; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f.
kw;Wk; tiuglk; tiuf.
jPh;T:

X, Y I nghWj;J
ikak;
Ftpaq;fs;

36(
36(

+4

= 144

Kidfs;

C (0,0)
(0, ae)=(0,

(0, –ae)=(0,
)
A (0, a)= A (0,4)
(0, –a)=

;

)

(0, –4)

x, y InghWj;J
x = X–1,
y = Y +2
C (–1,2)
(–1,2+
(1,2–
A (–1,6)

)
)

(–1, –2)

X = x – 1 ⇒ x = X + 1; Y = y + 4 ⇒ y = Y – 4
= 36 a = 6;
=4 b=2
nel;lr;R Y mr;R topr; nry;fpwJ.
ikaj;njhiyj;jfT=

=

=

ae =4
khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

Page8

8)
=0 vd;w
mjpgutisaj;jpw;F ikaj;njhiyj;jfT>
ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs; Mfpatw;iwf;
fhz;f. kw;Wk; tiuglk; tiuf.
jPh;T:

X, Y I nghWj;J

C (0,0)

ikak;

⇒9(
9

– 16(
– 16

=199

Ftpaq;fs;

F1(ae,0)=(

=144

F2(–ae,0)=(

X = x – 1⇒ x = X +1 ; Y = y +2⇒ y = Y – 2
=16⇒ a =4 ;
=9⇒ b =3
FWf;fr;R X–mr;rpy; cs;sJ.
=

(

2)
,2)

0)

A (a,0)=(2,0)
(–a,0)=(–2,0)

cr;rpfs;

ikaj;njhiyj;jfT=

0)

x, y I
nghWj;J
x = X–3,
y = Y +2
c (–3,2)

A (–1,2),
(–5,2)

=

ae =5
X, Y I nghWj;J

ikak;
Ftpaq;fs;
cr;rpfs;

C (0,0)
(ae,0)=(5,0)
(–ae,0)=(–5,0),
A (a,0)= A (4,0)
(–a,0) = (–4,0)

x, y I
nghWj;J
x = X + 1,
y=Y–2
C (1,–2)
(6, –2)
(–4, –2)
A (5, –2),
(–3, –2)

10)
vd;w
mjpgutisaj;jpw;F ikaj;njhiyj;jfT>
ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfis fhz;f.
NkYk; tistiuia fhz;f.
jPh;T:

9(

– 16(
– 16

9

= –164
= –144

=1,

X = x + 2 ⇒ x = X – 2, Y = y – 1 ⇒ y = Y + 1
= 9 ⇒ a = 3,
= 16⇒ b =4
FWf;fr;R Y–mr;rpy; cs;sJ
9)
vd;w
mjpgutisaj;jpw;F ikaj;njhiyj;jfT>
ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfis fhz;f.
NkYk; tistiuia tiuf.
jPh;T:

–4

ikaj;njhiyj;jfT=

=

ae =3 x =5
X, Y I nghWj;J

C (0,0)
(0, ae)= (0,5)
(0,–ae)= (0, )

x, y I
nghWj;J
x = X–2,
y = Y +1
c (–2,1)
(–2,6)
(–2, –4)

A (0, a)= A (0,3)
(0, –a)= (0, –3)

A (–2,4),
(–2, –2)

=4
ikak;

;
X = x +3⇒ x = X – 3; Y = y – 2⇒ y = Y +2
=4⇒ a =2, =1⇒ b =1
FWf;fr;R X–mr;rpy; cs;sJ
ikaj;njhiyj;jfT=

=

=

=

Ftpaq;fs;
Kidfs;

ae =
khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

Page9

12) xU thy; tpz;kPd; (comet) MdJ #hpaidr;
(sun)Rw;wpg; gutisag; ghijapy; nry;fpwJ.
kw;Wk;
#hpad;
gutisaj;jpd;
Ftpaj;jpy;
mikfpwJ. thy; tpz;kPd; #hpadpypUe;J 80
kpy;ypad; fp.kP. njhiytpy; mike;J ,Uf;Fk;
NghJ thy; tp;z;kPidAk; #hpaidAk; ,izf;Fk;
NfhL ghijapd; mr;Rld;
Nfhzj;jpid

11)
vd;w
mjpgutisaj;jpw;F ikaj;njhiyj;jfT>
ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfis fhz;f.
NkYk; tistiuia fhz;f.
jPh;T:
(

– 3(
–3

X = x +3⇒ x = X – 3

=

ikaj;njhiyj;jfT=

Y = y – 1⇒ y = Y +1

=

=2

ae =4
X, Y I
nghWj;J

Kidfs;

C (0,0)
(0, ae)
= (0,4)
(0, –ae)
= (0
)
A (0, a)
= A (0,2)
(0, –a)
= (0, –2)

=

⇒ FQ = 40

= 1 ⇒ FP = PM

=4⇒ a =2, =12⇒ b =2
FWf;fr;R Y–mr;rpy; cs;sJ

ikak;
Ftpaq;fs;

∆FQP , cos (

= –18
= –12

=1

Vw;gLj;Jkhdhy; (i)thy; tpz;kPdpd; ghijapd;
rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f. (ii)thy; tpz;kPd; #hpaDf;F
vt;TsT mUfpy; tuKbAk; vd;gijAk; fhz;f.
(ghij tyJGwk; jpwg;Giljhf nfhs;f.)
jPh;T:
rkd;ghL
…….(1)

x, y I
nghWj;J
x = X – 3,
y = Y +1
c (–3,1)
(–3,5)
(–3, –3)
A (–3,3),
(–3, –1)

80 = 2a + 40
2a = 40⇒ a = 20
(i)thy; tpz;kPdpd; ghijapd; rkd;ghL
(ii) thy; tpz;kPd; #hpaDf;F mUfpy; mikAk;
njhiyT = 20 kpy;ypad; fpkP
13) xU uapy;Nt ghyj;jpd; Nky; tisT
gutisaj;jpd; mikg;igf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. me;j
tistpd; mfyk; 100 mbahfTk;
mt;tisapd; cr;rpg; Gs;spapd; cauk;
ghyj;jpypUe;J 10 mbahfTk; cs;sJ vdpy;>
ghyj;jpd; kj;jpapypUe;J ,lg;Gwk; my;yJ
tyg;Gwk; 10 mb J}uj;jpy; ghyj;jpd; Nky;
tisT vt;tsT cauj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; vdf;
fhz;f.

jPh;T:
,q;F gutisak;
fPo;Nehf;fpj;
jpwg;Gilajhf
vLj;Jf;
bfhŸnth«;.
mjhtJ
………….(1)
,J(50, –10)topahfr; nry;fpwJ.
= –4a (–10),4a =250
(1)
……..(2) BC = y1 vd;f
gutisaj;jpd; Nky; cs;sg; Gs;spB (10,

)vd;f.

100
mb

ghyj;jpd; Nky; tisT cauk;=10 –
=9

mb

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

Page10

14) xU uhf;nfl; ntbahdJ nfhSj;Jk;NghJ
mJ xU gutisag; ghijapy; nry;fpwJ.
mjd; cr;r cauk; 4kPI vl;Lk;NghJ mJ
nfhSj;jg;gl;l ,lj;jpypUe;J fpilkl;lj;J}uk;
6 kP njhiytpYs;sJ. ,Wjpahff;
fpilkl;lkhf12 kP njhiytpy; jiuia
te;jilfpwJ vdpy;, Gwg;gl;l ,lj;jpy;
jiuAld; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; vwpNfhzk; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
rkd;ghL
………….(1)
(–6, –4)vd;w Gs;sp tistiuapy; mikfpwJ
= –4a (–4)
a=9
(1)

16) xU njhq;F ghyj;jpd; fk;gp tlk; gutisa
tbtpYs;sJ. mjd; ghuk; fpilkl;lkhf¢ rPuhf
gutpAs;sJ. mijj; jhq;Fk; ,U J}z;fSf;F
,ilNaAs;s J}uk; 1500 mb. fk;gp tlj;ijj;
jhq;Fk; Gs;spfs; J}zpy; jiuapypUe;J 200
mb cauj;jpy; mike;Js;sd. NkYk;
jiuapypUe;J fk;gp tlj;jpd; jho;thd
Gs;spapd; cauk; 70 mb> fk;gptlk; 122 mb
cauj;jpy; jhq;Fk; fk;gj;jpw;F ,ilNa cs;s
nrq;Fj;J ePsk; fhz;f. (jiuf;F ,izahf).

jPh;T:

rkd;ghL =4ay …..(1)
(750,130)vd;w Gs;sp
gutisaj;jpy;
mikfpwJ
= 4a (130)

= –9y
2x = –9

=–

4a =

=

=

(1) ⇒

,52)vd;w Gs;sp gutisaj;jpy;

P(

=

(2) ⇒

=

a=
y …..(2)

( , –7.5)vd;w Gs;sp gutisaj;jpy; mikfpwJ
(–7.5)

=27
=3

kP
∴ ePuhdJ jiuapy; tpOk; J}uk; =3

mikfpwJ

× 52
mb

jhq;Fk; fk;gj;jpw;F ,ilNa cs;s J}uk;=

15)jiukl;lj;jpypUe;J 7.5kP cauj;jpy; jiuf;F
,izahf¥ nghUj;jg;gl;l xU FohapypUe;J
ntspNaWk; ePh; jiuiaj; njhLk; ghij xU
gutisaj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. NkYk; ,e;j¥
gutisag; ghijapd; Kid Fohapd; thapy;
mikfpwJ. Foha; kl;lj;jpw;F 2.5kP fPNo ePhpd;
gha;thdJ Fohapd; Kid topahfr; nry;Yk;
epiy Fj;Jf; Nfhl;bw;F 3 kPl;lh; J}uj;jpy;
cs;sJ vdpy; Fj;Jf; Nfhl;bypUe;J vt;tsÎ
J}uj;jpw;F mg;ghy; ePuhdJ jiuapy; tpOk;
vd;gij¡ fhz;f.
jPh;T:
rkd;ghL
= –4ay …..(1)
(3, –2.5)vd;w Gs;sp
gutisaj;jpy; mikfpwJ
= –4a (–2.5)

=

=

= 150

vwpNfhzk;

=–

y…….(2)

=300
mb
17) xU njhq;F ghyj;jpd; fk;gp tlk; gutisa
tbtpypYs;sJ. mjd; ePsk; 40 kPl;lh; MFk;.
topg;ghijahdJ. fk;gp tlj;jpd; fPo;kl;lg;
Gs;spapypUe;J 5 kPl;lh; fPNo cs;sJ. fk;gp
tlj;ijj; jhq;Fk; J}z;fspd; cauq;fs; 55
kPl;lh; vdpy;>30 kPl;lh; cauj;jpy; fk;gp tlj;jpw;F
xU Jiz¤ jhq;fp $Ljyhff; nfhLf;fg;gl;lhy;
mj;Jizj; jhq;fpapd; ePsj;ijf; fhz;f.
jPh;T:

rkd;ghL = 4ay ………..(1)
(20,50) vd;w Gs;sp gutisaj;jpy; mikfpwJ
=4a(50)
a=2
(1)
= 8y ……(2)
( ,25) vd;w Gs;sp gutisaj;jpy; mikfpwJ
(2) ⇒
= 8 × 25
= 200
=

kP

= 10

mb

Jizjhq;fpapd; ePsk; =
khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

=20

mb
Page11

18)xU Nfh–Nfh tpisahl;L tPuh; tpisahl;Lg;
gapw;rpapd;NghJ mtUf;Fk; Nfh–Nfh
Fr;rpfSf;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s J}uk; vg;nghOJk;
8kP Mf ,Uf;FkhW czh;fpwhh;. mt;tpU
Fr;rpfSf;F ,ilg;gl;l J}uk; 6kP våš, mth;
XLk; ghijapd; rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
glj;jpy; F1 , F2 Nfh–Nfh
Fr;rpfs;. P tpisahl;L
tPuh;.

20)xU ePst
; l;lg; ghijapd; Ftpaj;jpy; G+kp
,Uf;FkhW xU Jizf;Nfhs; Rw;wp tUfpwJ.
,jd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT

Jizf; NfhSf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l kPr;rpW J}uk;
400 fpNyh kPl;lh;fs; MfTk; ,Uf;Fkhdhy;
G+kpf;Fk; Jizf;NfhSf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l
mjpfgl;r¤ J}uk; vd;d?
jPh;T:
glj;jpy; F 1 G+kp.
P Jizf;Nfhs;.
kPr;rpW J}uk;

rkd;ghL
………..(1)

CA – C =400⇒ a – ae =400

2a = 8 ⇒ a = 4
× 4e = 6

ae =800× =400

e=

(i)
=7

(1) ⇒
,JNt XLk; ghijapd; rkd;ghL MFk;
19)#hpad; Ftpaj;jpypUf;FkhW nkh;f;Fhp
fpufkhdJ #hpaid xU ePs;tl;lg; ghijapy;
Rw;wp tUfpwJ. mjd; miu nel;lr;rpd; ePsk;
36 kpy;ypad; iky;fs; MfTk; ikaj;
njhiyj; jfT 0.206 MfTk; ,Uf;fkhapd;
(i)nkh;f;Fhp fpufkhdJ #hpaDf;F kpf
mUfhikapy; tUk;NghJ cs;s J}uk;
(ii)nkh;f;Fhp fpufkhdJ #hpaDf;F kpfj;
njhiytpy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ cs;s J}uk;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
rkd;ghL

MfTk; G+kpf;Fk;

G+kpf;Fk; Jizf;NfhSf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l mjpfgl;r
J}uk; = A’C = CA’+CF1 = a + ae
=800+400=1200fp.kP
21)xU
tisT
miu–ePs;tl;l
tbtj;jpy;
cs;sJ.
mjd; mfyk; 48 mb> cauk; 20 mb.
jiuapypUe;J 10 mb cauj;jpy; tistpd;
mfyk; vd;d?
jPh;T:

………..(1)

rkd;ghL

2a =48⇒ a =24, b =20

…..(1)

miu nel;lr;rpd; ePsk;=a
=36kpy;ypad; iky;fs;
e=0.206⇒ ae =7.416
A = a –ae =36 – 7.416
=28.584 kpy;ypad; iky;fs
= a +ae =36+7.416
=43.416 kpy;ypad; iky;fs
(i)nkh;f;Fhp fpufj;jpw;Fk; #hpaDf;Fk; ,ilNa
cs;s Fiwe;j J}uk;
=28.584 kpy;ypad; iky;fs;
(ii)nkh;f;Fhp fpufj;jpw;Fk; #hpaDf;Fk; ,ilNa
cs;s mjpfkhd J}uk;
=43.416kpy;ypad; iky;fs;

………..(2)
(

vd;w Gs;sp ePs;tl;lj;jpy; cs;sJ

= × 576
=

× 24

= 12
∴mfyk; = 24

mb

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

Page12

22)xU ghyj;jpd; tisthdJ miu
ePs;tl;lj;jpd; tbtpy; cs;sJ.
fpilkl;lj;jpy; mjd; mfyk; 40 mbahfTk;
ikaj;jpypUe;jJ mjd; cauk; 16mbahfTk;
cs;sJ våš, ikaj;jpypUe;jJ tyJ
my;yJ ,lg;Gwj;jpy; 9 mb J}uj;jpy; cs;s
jiug;Gs;spapypUe;J ghyj;jpd; cauk; vd;d?
jPh;T:
miu ePs;tl;lj;jpd; rkd;ghL
……(1)
2a = 40 ⇒ a = 20
b = 16

24)xU rkjsj;jpd; Nky; nrq;Fj;jhf
mike;Js;s
Rthpd; kPJ 15kP ePwKs;s xU VzpahdJ
jsj;jpidAk; Rtw;wpidAk; njhLkhW efh;e;J
nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwJ vdpy;> Vzpapd; fPo;kl;l
KidapypUe;J 6kP J}uj;jpy; Vzpapy;
mike;Js;s P vd;w Gs;spapd; epakg;ghijiaf;
fhz;f.
jPh;T:
___PAO = ___BPQ =
∆ PQB-y;
Cos

=

∆ ARP-y;

……..(2)

Sin

=

Cos 2

+ Sin2

⇒(9, ) vd;w Gs;sp ePs;tl;lj;jpy; cs;sJ

= 1–

=

=

ft

cauk;=

+

mb

23)xU EioT thapypd; Nkw;$iuahdJ
miu–ePs;tl;l tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ. ,jd;
mfyk; 20 mb ikaj;jpypUe;J mjd;
cauk; 18 mb kw;Wk; gf;fr; Rth;fspd;
cauk; 12 mb våš, VNjDk; xU gf;fr;
RthpypUe;J 4 mb J}uj;jpy; Nkw;$iuapd;
cauk; vd;dthf ,Uf;Fk;?
jPh;T:
rkd;ghL
………..(1)
2a = 20 ⇒a = 10,
b=6
(6,
vd;w Gs;sp ePs;tl;lj;jpy; cs;sJ
(1) ⇒

P(

=1

=1
–,d; epakghij
,JxU ePs; tl;lk; MFk;.

25)mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikak; (2, 4) NkYk;
(2, 0) topNa nry;;fpwJ. mjd; njhiyj;
njhL NfhLfs; x + 2y – 12 = 0kw;Wk;
x – 2y + 8 = 0Mfpatw;wpw;F ,izahf
,Uf;fpd;wd.
jPh;T: njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs; fPof;;fz;l
NfhLfSf;F ,izahf mikfpwJ.
x + 2y – 12 = 0, x – 2y + 8 = 0
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfspd; tbtk;
x + 2y + = 0 …....(1)
x – 2y + m = 0 ……(2)
,it ikak;(2,4)topahfr; nry;fpwJ.
(1) ⇒

= 1–
=
=
= 4.8
Nkw;$iuapd; cauk; =12+4.8 = 16.8mb

⇒ = –10

(2) ⇒

⇒m=6

njhiyj;njhL NfhLfspd; rkd;ghL
(1) ⇒ x + 2y – 10 = 0
(2) ⇒ x – 2y + 6 = 0
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfspd; Nrh;g;G¢ rkd;ghL
(x + 2y – 10) (x –2y + 6) = 0
mjpgutisa rkd;ghl;bd; tbtk;

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Page13

(x + 2y – 10) (x – 2y + 6) + k = 0 ………(3)
(2,0)vd;w Gs;sp topr; nry;fpwJ.
(–8) (8) + k = 0

27)5x +12y =9 vd;w Neh;;NfhL mjpgutisak;
–Ij; njhLfpwJ vd ep&gpf;f.
NkYk; njhL Gs;spiaAk; fhz;f.
jPh;T:5x + 12y = 9

–64 + k = 0

,⇒m=

, c=

k = 64
(3) ⇒ (x + 2y – 10)(x – 2y +6) + 64 = 0
,JNt mjpgutisaj;jpd; rkd;ghL
26) x + 2y – 5 = 0–I xU njhiyj;
njhLNfhlhfTk;>(6>0) kw;Wk; (–3>0)
vd;w Gs;spfs; topNa nry;yf;$baJkhd
nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; rkd;ghL fhz;f.
jPh;T:
njhiyj;njhL Nfhl;bd; rkd;ghL
x + 2y –5 = 0
mLj;j bjhiy¤bjhL Nfhl;bd; tbtk;
2x – y + l = 0
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfspd; Nrh;g;G¢ rkd;ghL
(x + 2y – 5) (2x – y+ l ) = 0
nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; rkd;ghl;bd; tbtk;
(x + 2y – 5) (2x – y + l ) + k = 0 ……….. (1)
(6,0)vd;w Gs;sp topr; nry;fpwJ.
(1) ⇒ (6+0–5) (12–0+l ) + k = 0
l +k = –12 …………(2)
(–3,0) vd;w Gs;sp topahfTk; nry;fpwJ.
(1) ⇒ (–3 + 0 –5) (–6 – 0 + l ) + K = 0
(–8) (–6 + l ) + k = 0
–8 + k = –48 ………….(3)
(2)&(3)–I jPh;f;f =4, k = –16
(1) ⇒ (x + 2y – 5 ) (2x – y + 4) – 16 = 0



=9×

–1=

=

vdNt, NfhlhdJ mjpgutisaj;ij¤ njhLfpwJ.
(I njhL Gs;sp=

=

njhL Gs;sp=(5,

)

28) x – y + 4 = 0 vd;w Neh;;NfhL ePs;tl;lk;
–f;F njhLNfhlhf cs;sJ vd
ep&gpf;f. NkYk; njhLk; Gs;spiaAk; fhz;f.
jPh;T:
x – y +4 = 0 ⇒ y = x + 4⇒m = 1, c = 4

,
= 12 × 1 + 4, = 16 =
∴vdNt, NfhlhdJ mjpgutisaj;ij¤njhLfpwJ.
njhL Gs;sp=
njhL Gs;sp=(–3,1)

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Page14

6. tifEz; fzpjk; gad;ghLfs; - II (1 x 10 = 10 kjpg;ngz;fs;)
1) y =

-Ïd; tistiu tiuf.

2) y =

-Ïd; tistiutiuf.

rhh;gfk;: (ePl;bg;G
fpilkl;l ePl;bg;G : (-

rhh;gfk;: (ePl;bg;G
fpilkl;l ePl;bg;G : (-

epiyf; Fj;J ePl;bg;G: (-

epiyf; Fj;J ePl;bg;g: (-

ntl;Lj;Jz;L
x ntl;Lj;Jz;L = -1
y ntl;Lj;Jz;L= 1
Mjp
Mjp topahfr; nry;yhJ
rkr;rPh;
ve;j mr;Rf;Fk; rkr;rPh; fpilahJ

ntl;Lj;Jz;L
x ntl;Lj;Jz;L = 0
y ntl;Lj;Jz;L= 0
Mjp
Mjp topahfr; nry;Yk;
rkr;rPh;
Mjpiag; nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh;
mikAk;
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs;
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs; mikahJ
Xhpay;Gj; jd;ik
(
VWKfkhfr; nry;Yk;

njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs;
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs; mikahJ
Xhpay;Gj; jd;ik
(
VWKfkhfr; nry;Yk;

rpwg;Gg; Gs;spfs;
(-Ïy; fPo;Gwkhf FopthFk;

rpwg;Gg; Gs;spfs;
(-Ïy; fPo;Gwkhf FopthFk;

(0,

(0,

-Ïy; Nkw;Gwkhf FopthFk;

(0, 1) -Ïy; tisT khw;Wg; Gs;sp

3)
tiuf.

-Ïd; tistiu

rhh;gfk;: [0
ePl;bg;G
Kjy; kw;Wk; ehd;fhk; fhy;;
gFjpapy; fhzg;ngWk;
ntl;Lj;Jz;L
x ntl;Lj;Jz;L = 0
y ntl;Lj;Jz;L= 0
Mjp
Mjp topahfr; nry;Yk;.
rkr;rPh;
xmr;Rf;F¢ rkr;rPh; MFk;.
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs;
njhiyj;njhL NfhLfs; mikahJ
Xhpay;Gj; jd;ik
y=

VWKfkhfr; nry;Yk;

y=,wq;FKfkhfr;
nry;Yk;
rpwg;Gg; Gs;spfs;
(0, 0) tisT khw;Wg; Gs;sp my;y

-Ïy; Nkw;Gwkhf FopthFk;

(0, 0) -Ïy; tisT khw;Wg; Gs;sp

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Page15

4) u =

vdpy; A+yhpd; Njw;wj;ijg;
tan u vdf; fhl;Lf.

gad;gLj;jp

7) u =

–f;F

rhpghh;f;f.

jPh;T:
=

jPh;T:
u=

=

=f (x, y)

. =

=

f vd;gJ gb
cila rkgbj;jhd rhh;G
∴A+yhpd; Njw;wj;jpd; gb

=
=

x

sin u
+ ycos u

x

=

……(1)

=

= sin u

=

tan u

=

…….(2)

1)=(2)

5) A+yhpd; Njw;wj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp ep&gpf;f.
, if

8) u = sin 3x cos 4y –f;F

⇒ tan u =

=f (x, y)

⇒ f vd;gJ gb
cila rkgbj;jhd rhh;G
∴A+yhpd; Njw;wj;jpd; gb

jPh;T:
u = sin 3x cos 4y
= 3 cos 3x cos 4y
= –4sin3x sin 4y

= 2f

=

= –4 cos 3x 3 sin 4y

= –12 cos 3x sin 4y ……….(1)

= 2 tan u
+

vd;gij¢

rhpghh;f;f.

jPh;T:
u=

. =
=

f

xcosu

vd;gij¢

=

= 2 tan u

= 3 cos 3x (–sin 4y) 4

= –12 cos 3x sin 4y ……….(2)
(1),(2)ypUe;J
6) f(x,y)=

– f;F A+yhpd; Njw;wj;ij

ep&gpf;f.
jPh;T:

9)u=

–f;F

vd;gij¢ rhpghh;f;f.

jPh;T:

f(tx, ty) =

=

=

f (x, y)

⇒ f vd;gJ gb –1 cila rkgbj;jhd rhh;G
∴ A+yhpd; Njw;wj;ij rhpghh;f;f
= –f,ij ep&gpf;f
=

=

=–

=
=
=

=

……(1)

=

=

……(2)

(1),(2)ypUe;J
=–

=

=f

∴A+yhpd; Njw;wk; ep&gpf;fg;gl;lJ.

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Page16

10) w =

vd;w rhh;gpy; u = kw;Wk; v = y log x,

vDkhW ,Ug;gpd;

kw;Wk;

jPh;T:
w=

fhz;f.

11)tifaPLfisg; gad;gLj;jp
y=
+
fzf;fpLf.
jPh;T:

-d; Njhuha kjpg;Gid

= 1,
X = 1 vdpy; y = 1+1 = 2

u=
v = y log x ⇒

X = 1 vdpy;
=

Since

=
= 0.0116
+

=

=
2 + 0.0116

=

= 2.0116
+

2.0116

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Page17

9. jdpepiy¡ fzf;fpay; (1 x 10 = 10 kjpg;ngz;fs;)
1)G+r;rpakw;w fyg;ngz;fspd; fzkhd C–
tiuaWf;fg;gl;l
kw;Wk;

vd;w rhh;Gfs;

ahTk; mlq;fpa fzk;
MdJ
rhh;Gfspd; Nrh;g;gpd; fPo; xU vgPypad; Fyk;
mikf;Fk; vd epWTf.
jPh;T: G =
vd;f.
o – rhh;Gfspd; Nrh;g;G

o

1)milg;G tpjp
ml;ltizapy; ,Ue;J milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp
rhh;Gfspd; Nrh;g;G nghJthf Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F
cl;gLk;.
3)rkdp tpjp:
G rkdp cWg;G MFk;
4)vjph;kiw tpjp
vd;gd
–d; vjph;kiw MFk;.
5) ghpkhw;W tpjp
ml;ltizapy; ,Ue;J ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ikMFk;.
∴(G, o)xU vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;

3)(
xU Fyj;ij mikf;Fk;
vdf;fhl;Lf.
jPh;T: G =
∙7d; ngUf;fy; kl;L 7
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
[6]
∙7
[1] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
[6]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]

[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]

[4]
[6]
[1]
[3]

[6]
[2]
[5]
[1]

[1]
[5]
[2]
[6]

[3]
[1]
[6]
[4]

[5]
[4]
[3]
[2]

[6] [6] [5] [4] [3] [2]
[1]
1)milg;G tpjp
ml;ltizapy; ,Ue;J milg;G tpjp
cz;ik MFk;.
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp
ngUf;fy; kl;L 7nghJthf¢ Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F
cl;gLk;.
3)rkdp tpjp:[1] G rkdp cWg;G MFk;
4)vjph;kiw tpjp
vd;gd
vjph;kiw MFk;.
∴(G, ∙7)xU Fyk; MFk;

2)

4)11–Ïd; kl;Lf;F fhzg;ngw;w ngUf;fypd; fPo;

vd;fpw fzk; mzpg;ngUf;fypd; fPo; xU
Fyj;ij mikf;Fk; vdf;fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:

vd;w fzk; xU
Fyj;ij mikf;Fk; vdf; fhl;Lf
jPh;T: G =
∙11 – ngUf;fy; kl;L 11
∙11 [1] [3] [4] [5]
[1] [1] [3] [4] [5]
[3] [3] [9] [1] [4]
[4] [4] [1] [5] [9]

I=

, A=
C=

,D=

,B=

,
E=

G=
I
A
B
C
D
E
I
I
A
B
C
D
E
A
A
B
I
E
C
D
B
B
I
A
D
E
C
C
C
D
E
I
A
B
D
D
E
C
B
I
A
E
E
C
D
A
B
I
1)milg;G tpjp : ml;ltizapy; ,Ue;J milg;G
tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp:rhh;Gfspd; Nrhh;g;G nghJthf Nrh;g;G
tpjpf;F cl;gLk;.
3)rkdp tpjp:I=

G rkdp cWg;G MFk;

4)vjph;kiw tpjp: I, A, B, C, D, E vd;gd I, B, A, C,
D, E –d; vjph;kiw MFk;.∴G mzpg;ngUf;fiyg;
nghWj;j xU Fyk; MFk;

vgPypad;

[9]
[9]
[5]
[3]

[5] [5] [4] [9] [3] [1]
[9
[9] [5] [3] [1] [4]
1) milg;G tpjp:ml;ltizapy; ,Ue;J milg;G
tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp
ngUf;fy; kl;L 11nghJthf¢ Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F
cl;gLk;.
3)rkdp tpjp:[1] G rkdp cWg;G MFk;
4)vjph;kiw tpjp
vd;gd
vjph;kiw MFk;.
5)ghpkhw;W tpjp: ml;ltizapy; ,Ue;J
ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;
∴(G,∙11 xU vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;

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Page18

5)

, vd;w mikg;gpy; cs;s

;x

mzpfs; ahTk; mlq;fpa fzk; G MdJ
mzpg;ngUf;fypd; fPo; xU Fyk; vdf; fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:G =

vd;f

Y=

G, [∵2xy ≠ 0]

∴milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp :
mzpg; ngUf;fy; vg;nghOJk; Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F
cl;gl;lJ
3) rkdp tpjp
E=

rkdp cWg;G vd;f.

⇒XE=X ⇒2xe = x, e =
G rkdp cWg;G MFk;.

E=

=

4) vjph;kiw tpjp:

vd;gJ

X–Ïd; vjph;kiw

=

vd;f.

, =

–Ïd; Neh;khW

G

∴ G mzpg;ngUf;fiyg; nghWj;J xU Fyk; MFk;.
6)

,a

R–

mikg;gpy; cs;s vy;yh

mzpfSk; mlq;fpa fzk; mzpg;ngUf;fypd; fPo;
xU vgPypad; Fyj;ij mikf;Fk; vdf;fhl;Lf.
jPh;T: G =
1)milg;G tpjp: A=
a, b R –

, B=

G,

.

AB =

G[∵ ab ≠ 0]

∴ milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp : mzpg; ngUf;fy; vg;nghOJk;
Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ
3)rkdp tpjp:
E=

vd;gJ

A–Ïd; vjph;kiw vd;f
=E ⇒

=1⇒
G

5)ghpkhw;W tpjp

G, x ≠ 0, y ≠ 0
XY =

=

–Ïd; Neh;khW

X=

1) milg;G tpjp:

4)vjph;kiw tpjp:

rkdp cWg;G vd;f

AB =

=

= BA

∴ ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
∴G mzpg;ngUf;fiyg; nghWj;J xU
vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;.
7)(Z, xU Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; vd fhl;Lf.
,q;F vd;gJ a b = a+b+2vDkhW
tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
jPh;T:
Z = KOf;fspd; fzk;
a b = a+b+2
1) milg;G tpjp
∀ a, b Z ⇒ a b = a+b+2 Z
/milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp:⩝ a, b, c Z
a (b c)= a (b+ c+2)
= a +(b+ c+2)+2
= a + b + c +4
(a b c =(a + b +2) c
= a + b + c +4
⇒ a (b c)=(a b c
∴ Nrh;g;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;..
3) rkdp tpjp:
e–I rkdp cWg;G vd;f.
e = ⇒ a + e +2= a ⇒ e = –2
–2 Z .rkdp tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
4) vjph;kiw tpjp
a–d; vjph;kiw
= –2⇒

cz;ik MFk;.

Z vjph;kiw tpjp

5) ghpkhw;W tpjp:⩝ a, b Z
a b = a+b+2= b + a +2=
ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;
Z xU Kbtw;w fzk;. Mjyhy;
∴(Z, Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;.

AE = ⇒ ae = a ⇒ e =1
G. rkdp cWg;G MFk;.

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Page19

8) G vd;gJ kpif tpfpjKW vz; fzk; vd;f.
a

4) vjph;kiw tpjp
a–d; vjph;kiw

= vDkhkW tiuaWf;fg;gl;l nrayp

,d; fPo; G xU Fyj;ij mikf;Fk; vdf;fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:G vd;gJ kpif tpfpjKW vz; fzk; vd;f.
1)milg;G tpjp: ∀ a, b

G,a

=

G

∴milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp: ⩝ a, b, c G
=

=
=

⇒ a (b c)=(a b c ∴Nrh;g;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
3)rkdp tpjp: e–I rkdp cWg;G vd;f

⇒ = a, e =3
G rkdp tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
4)vjph;kiw tpjp:a–d; vjph;kiw

d; vjph;kiw

5) ghpkhw;W tpjp

=

a

=

a ≠ 1,

=3⇒

=3⇒

= ,

G

vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ik MFk;. ∴(G, xU FykhFk;
9)1 Ij; jtpu kw;w vy;yh tpfpjKW vz;fSk;
mlq;fpa fzk; G vd;f. G –y; -I
a, b G. vDkhW
tiuaWg;Nghk;. (G, xU Kbtw;w vgPypad;
Fyk; vdf;fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:
G =1–I jtpu kw;w vy;yh tpfpjKW vz;fs; mlq;fpa
fzk;
1)milg;G tpjp:a, b, G, a ≠ 1, b ≠ 1
khwhf
a =1(or) b =1⇒⇐ to a, b, G,
G
2)Nrh;g;G tpjp:⩝ a, b, c G
=
=

ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;. G xU
Kbtw;w fzk; ∴(G, ) xU Kbtw;w
vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;
10) –1–I jtpu kw;w vy;yh tpjpjKW vz;fSk;
cs;slf;fpa fzk; G MdJ
=
vDkhW tiuaWf;fg;gl;l
nrayp - d; fPo; xU vgPypad; Fyj;ij
mikf;Fk; vdf; fhl;Lf.
jPh;T G =–1-I jtpu kw;w vy;yh tpfpjKW
vz;fs; mlq;fpa fzk;
=
1) milg;G tpjp
a, b, G, a ≠ –1 and b ≠ –1
khwhf
a = –1(or) b = –1⇒⇐ to a, b, G,

G
milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp: ∀ a, b, c G
=
=
=
=(
=(
=
=

=
∴Nrh;g;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;
3) rkdp tpjp:
e –I rkdp cWg;G vd;f.
=
e(1+a)⇒ e =0,

[ / a ≠ –1]

0 G rkdp tpjp G+h;j;jpahfpwJ
4) vjph;kiw tpjp
a–d; vjph;kiw

=

=(
=
=
∴ Nrh;g;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;
3) rkdp tpjp:e–I rkdp cWg;G vd;f.

e(1–a)=0⇒ e =0, since a ≠ 1
0
∴rkdp tpjp G+h;j;jpahfpwJ.

d; vjph;kiw

G

vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ik MFk;
5) ghpkhw;W tpjp
a, b, G,
G xU Kbtw;w fzk;
∴(G, ) Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;

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Page20

11) G =
vd;gJ $l;liyg;
nghWj;J xU Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; vdf;
fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:
1)milg;G tpjp
∀ a+

,c+d

G, a, b, c, d

Q

a + c, b + d G
∴milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp
$l;ly; Nrh;g;G tpjp vg;NgHJk; cz;ik MFk;.
3) rkdp tpjp:
∀a+

G,vd;f
0=0+0

G

0 G ∴ rkdp tpjp G+h;j;jpahfpwJ
4) vjph;kiw tpjp
∀a+

G,vd;f.
G
=

+

–d; vjph;kiw
vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
5) ghpkhw;W tpjp
∀a+

, c+

(a +

)+(c+

G
=(a + c)+(b + d)

=(c + a)+(d + b)
=(c+

)+(a +
)
ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
G xU Kbtw;w fzk;.
∴(G,+) Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;
12) G =
vd;w fzkhdJ ngUf;fypd; fPo;
xU vgPypad; Fyj;ij mikf;Fk; vdf; fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:
G=
1) milg;G tpjp

G, a, b z

4) vjph;kiw tpjp

G,vd;f
=

G
=

=1

– d; vjph;kiw
vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ik MFk
5) ghpkhw;W tpjp

G
=
=
= .
ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
∴(G, .) xU vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;
13) =1 vDkhW cs;s fyg;ngz;fs; ahTk;
mlq;fpa fzk; M MdJ fyg;ngz;fspd;
ngUf;fypd; fPo; xU Fyj;ij mikf;Fk;
vdf; fhl;Lf..
jPh;T:
M =kl;L kjpg;G 1 cs;s midj;J¡
fyg;ngz;fspd; fzk;
1) milg;G tpjp

M⇒
M
=
=1
∴ milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp
fyg;ngz; ngUf;fy; vg;nghOJk;
Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ
3) rkdp tpjp:

M vd;f1 M ⇒ z.1=1 . z=z
1 G rkdp cWg;G MFk;.
4) vjph;kiw tpjp
∀ z M,vd;f

M ⇒ z. = . z=1

[∵
∴z–d; vjph;kiw
(M, .) xU

Fyk; MFk;

=

G, a+b z
∴milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp
G
)=

.2

b+c

=

=
. =
∴ Nrh;g;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
3) rkdp tpjp:

G,vd;f
20 =1 G⇒ 2a .1=1.2a = 2a
∴1 G rkdp tpjp G+h;j;jpahfpwJ.

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Page21

14)tof;fkhd ngUf;fypd; fPo; 1– ,d; n–Mk; gb
%yq;fs; Kbthd Fyj;ij mikf;Fk;
vdf;fhl;Lf.
jPh;T: G =
,
1) milg;G tpjp
,
G,0 , m
,
=
G vd ep&gpf;f Ntz;Lk;
epiy(i) if + m n
If + m n then
G
epiy(ii) if +m n
tFj;jy; Nfhl;ghl;bd;gb
+ m =(q.n)+ r where 0 r < n
=
=
. = .
G
∴ milg;G tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp
tof;fkhd ngUf;fy; vg;nghOJk; Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F
cl;gl;lJ
3) rkdp tpjp:

G,vd;f 1 G ⇒ .1 = 1.
∴1 G rkdp cWg;G MFk;.
4) vjph;kiw tpjp

G,vd;f
G

.

=

15)

xU Fyk; vdf; fhl;Lf.

Zn = { [0],[1],[2]…….[n-1] }
1) milg;G tpjp
[l], [m] Zn
[l] + n [m] = [l+m] if l+m < n
[r] if l+m ≥ n
l + m = qn + r, 0 ≤ r < n
[l] + n [m] Zn
2) Nrh;g;G tpjp
+ n vg;NghJk; Nrh;g;G tpjpia epiwT nra;Ak;

3) rkdp tpjp:
rkdp cWg;G [0] Zn
4) vjph;kiw tpjp
[l] Zn d; vjph;kiw [n-l]
(
xU Fyk; MFk;

Zn

=

=l

–d; vjph;kiw
vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
5) ghpkhw;W tpjp

G
.
=
=
=
∴ ghpkhw;W tpjp cz;ik MFk;.
G–y; n cWg;Gfs; kl;LNk cs;sjhy;
∴(G, .). Kbthd vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;

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Page22

3. fyg;ngz;fs; (1 x 10 = 10 kjpg;ngz;fs;)
1) P vDk; Gs;sp fyg;ngz; khwp z If; Fwpj;jhy;
P–d; epakg;ghijia fhz;f. Im

= –2

4) P vd;Dk; Gs;sp fyg;G vz; khwp z If;
Fwpj;jhy; P d; epakg; ghijia gpd;tUk;
=

fl;Lghl;LfSf;F cl;gl;L¡ fhz;f.arg

jPh;T:
z = x + iyvd;f

jPh;T:z=x+ iyvd;f

=

=

arg

=

=

arg (z – 1) – arg(z + 1) =
⇒ arg (x + iy – 1) – arg(x + iy + 1) =

×

⇒ arg [(x – 1) + iy] – arg[(x + 1)+ iy] =

Im

= –2
–x(2x + 1) +2y(1 – y) = – 2[(1 – y)2 + x2 ]
–2x2 – x + 2y – 2y2 = –2(1 + y2 – 2y + x2)
–x + 2y = –2 + 4y
x + 2y – 2 = 0
,JNt P d; epakg;ghij MFk;.

=
=
= tan

=
2y =

(

)
=0

,JNt P Ïd; epakg;ghij MFk;
2) P vDk; Gs;sp fyg;ngz; khwp zIf; Fwpj;jhy;
Pd; epakg;ghijia¡ fhz;f.

5) P vDk; Gs;sp fyg;ngz; khwp z If; Fwpj;jhy;

Re

jPh;T:
z = x + iy vd;f.

=1
z = x + iyvd;f.

jPh;T
=

P d; epakg;ghijia¡ fhz;f. arg

arg

=
=

=

⇒ arg (z – 1) – arg(z + 3) =

×

Re

=1

(x – 1)x + y(y + 1) = x2 + (y + 1)2
x2 – x + y2 + y = x2 + y2 + 1 + 2y
x+y+1=0
,JNtP d; epakg;ghij MFk; .

⇒ arg (x + iy – 1) – arg(x + iy + 3) =
arg [(x – 1 + iy] – arg[(x + 3) + iy] =

=

=1

= tan

jPh;T:
z = x + iy
=

=
=

Re

tan = ∞

=

3) P vd;Dk; Gs;sp fyg;G vz; khwp z If; Fwpj;jhy;
P d; epakg;ghijia gpd;tUk; fl;Lghl;LfSf;F
cl;gl;L fhz;f. Re

=

=∞
0=

×
=1

(x + 1)x + y(y + 1) = x2 + (y + 1)2
x2 + x + y2 + y = x2 + y2 + 1 + 2y
x – y – 1 = 0 ,JNt P d; epakg;ghij MFk;

= 0
,JNt P Ïd; epakg;ghij MF

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Page23

6) α , β vd;git x2–2x+2=0 –d; %yq;fs;
kw;Wk; cot θ = y+1 vdpy;

=

9)
jPh;T:

–,d; vy;yh kjpg;GfisAk; fhz;f.

vdf; fhl;Lf.
jPh;T:x2 –2x +2=0
x=1 i, α =1+I, = l–i vd;f
⇒ α–β =2i

2 ( cos
=

cot θ = y+1 ⇒ y = cot θ –1=
(y+α)n=

–1
=

=
=

(y+α)n=

n=

=

=

[ cos(

= qn–1

vd epWTf.

10)

(y + α)n =

jPh;T:
2 ( cos

=

(

=

=
= qn–1

=

8) x2 – 2x + 4=0–,d; Kyq;fs; α ,β vdpy;
αn – βn = i2n+1sin mjpypUe;J α9– β9–d; kjpg;ig¥
ngWf.
Ôh;T: x2 – 2x + 4 = 0
α = 1+ i

=

– i sin

= cos (

) + i sin (

)

=

)

=

)

=

2i sin

, k = 0, 1, 2, 3

k = 0 vdpy;,

= i 2n+1sin
n = 9 α9 – β9 = i 29+1 sin

–i
=

= 2 ( cos – i sin )
+ isin

– ,d; vy;yh kjpg;GfisAk; fhz;f.

kw;Wk; mjd; kjpg;Gfspd; ngUf;fw;gyd; 1
vdTk; fhl;Lf.

= 2 ( cos + i sin )

αn = 2n (cos

;k = 0, 1, 2

11)

jPh;T

⇒ x=1±i

2n

)

=

(

(y + β)n =

+ i sin

=

= qn

(y + )n =

αn – n

)], k = 0, 1, 2

–,d; vy;yh kjpg;GfisAk; fhz;f.

jPh;T: x2–2px +(p2+q2)=0⇒ x = p ± qi
α = p + qi, = p – qi ⇒ α–β =2iq

n = 2n (cos

) + i sin(

=

7)x2–2px+(p2+q2)=0 vd;w rkd;ghl;bd; %yq;fs;
α , β kw;Wk; tan θ = vdpy;

 = 1– i

+ i sin )

k = 1 vdpy;,

=0

k = 2 vdpy;,
k = 3 vdpy;,
kjpg;Gfspd; ngUf;fw;gyd;
=
=

=1

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Page24

12) x9+x5–x4–1=0 vd;w rd;ghl;ilj; jPh;f;f
jPh;T:
x9 + x5 – x4 – 1 = 0
x5(x4 + 1) – 1(x4 + 1) = 0
(x5 – 1)(x4 + 1) = 0
x5 – 1 = 0 ⇒ x =

15)

=2 cos ,

=2 cos

vdpy;

(i)

– nф)
– nф) vdf;fhl;Lf.

(ii)

jPh;T:
x= cos
;
y= cosф + i sinф

=
=
, k = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4

=

x4 + 1 = 0 ⇒ x =

= cos(m –nф)+ isin (m – nф)….(1)
=

=
, k = 0, 1, 2, 3
13)x7+ x4 + x3 + 1 = 0 vd;w rkd;ghl;ilj; jPh;f;f.
jPh;T:
x7 + x4 + x3 + 1 = 0
x4(x3 + 1)+1(x3 + 1) = 0
(x4 + 1)(x3 + 1) = 0
x4 + 1= 0 ⇒x =

= cos(m –nф) – isin (m – nф)…..(2)
(1)+(2)⇒

=

– nф)

(1) – (2)⇒

– nф)

16) a = cos 2 + isin 2 , b= cos 2 + isin 2 kw;Wk;
C = cos 2 + isin 2 vdpy;
+

(i)

=2 cos (

(ii)
jPh;T:
i)abc=(cos 2 + isin 2

=
x=

x3 + 1= 0 ⇒x =

vd epUgp.

( cos 2 + isin 2

(cos 2 + isin 2
+i sin 2(

= cos 2(
, k = 0, 1, 2, 3

=2 cos (

= cos (

+i sin (

….(1)

= cos (

–i sin (

…(2)

∴(1)+(2)⇒

=

+

x=[

=2 cos (

, k = 0, 1, 2
14)x4– x3 + x2 – x + 1 = 0 vd;w rkd;ghl;ilj; jPh;f;f.
jPh;T:
x4 – x3 + x2 – x +1 = 0

(ii)

=
=

= cos 2(

=0

+

+ i sin 2(

= cos 2(

= –1, x ≠–1

i sin2(

….(3)
…(4)

∴(3)+(4)⇒

x=

+ =2 cos 2(α+β-γ)

x=

=2 cos2(α+β-γ)

=
x = cos

+ isin

k = 0 vdpy;, x =
k = 1 vdpy;, x =

+i
+i

k = 3 vdpy;, x =
k = 4 vdpy;, x =

, k = 0, 1, 3, 4; x ≠ –1

+i
+i

(k=2My; Vw;gLk; %yj;ij ePf;f> fhuzk;x ≠ –1)
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Page25

1. mzpfSk; mzpf;NfhitfSk; 6 kw;Wk; 3 kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fs;
1) A =

,vdpy; A(adjA)=(adjA) A=

A=

4)

kw;Wk; B

=

vd;gij¢ rhpghh;f;fTk;.
jPh;T:

=

vdpy;

AB =
|A|=

=2

|A| I2 =

…………(1)

vd;gij¢ rhpghh;f;fTk;

=

=

=1

0

Adj(AB)=

adj A =

Adj(AB)=

=

A (adjA)=

=

……(2)

(adj A) A =

=

……(3)

=1 0

=

=

....(1)

Adj A =

Adj(A) =

=

(1),(2),(3) ypUe;J A(adjA)(adjA) A=
2) A =
=

B=

vdpy;A (adj A)=(adj A) A

=

jPh;T:

Adj(B) =

=

=

= -11
=
=

…………(1)

5) A =

A (adjA)=

=

……(2)

(

(adj A) A =

=

...…(3)

jPh;T:

(1),(2),(3) ypUe;J A(adjA)(adjA) A=

=

kw;Wk; B =

=

(1),(2) ypUe;J

adj A =

3) A =

0

Adj B =

vd;gij¢ rhpghh;f;fTk;.

=

=1

=

kw;Wk; B =
=

=

=

=2–3= –1 ≠ 0

=

vd;gij¢ rhpghh;f;fTk;.

jPh;T:

=

AB =

vdpy;

vd;gij¢ rhpghh;f;fTk;.

AB =

vdpy;

.......(2)

=

adj (AB)
_____(1)

=
=

=

= –1 ≠ 0

=

=

=

=1 ≠ 0

………..(1)

=
(1) , (2) ypUe;J

=

…(2)
=

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Page26

=

=

=
=

______(2)

(1)=(2)⇒(

=

=

6) Nrh;g;G mzp fhz;f
A=

adj A =

adj A =

7) Nrh;g;G mzp fhz;f

11) A=

vdpy; A apd; Nrh;g;G mzp A

vd epWTf.
A=

A=
[Aij] =
adj A =
8) Nrh;g;G mzp fhz;f A =

adj A =

[Aij] =

12) A =

adj A =

A=

=

=

=A

–f;F A=

A*A=

vdf; fhl;Lf.

X

9) Nrh;g;G mzp fhz;f.
=

A=

= I

13)

[Aij] =

∴A=

vd;w mzpapd; Neh;khWfisf;

fhz;f.
adj A =

jPh;T: A =
=1(1–1) – 0+3(–2–1)= –9

=
10) Nrh;g;G mzp fhz;f.
A=

=

adj A =

[Aij] =
adj A =

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=

adj A

Page27

14 .gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.

6. gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.
i)

A =

A=

==

adj A =

=1

=

=

= 35

adj A =

=

=

adj A

=

=

adj A

=

17 . gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.

=
15 .gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.

A =
A =

=
=

adj A =

=

= -1

=5

adj A =

=

=

=

=

adj A

adj A

=

18. gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.

=
A =
=
=

adj A =

=2

=

=
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=

adj A
Page28

19. gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.

22) Neh;khW mzpfhzy; Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
7x+3 y = -1, 2x + y = 0

A=
=

=
Neh;khW cz;L

vdNt> Neh;khW fhz ,ayhJ.

20. gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.
A=
=

=

X=
adj A =

=

adj A

⇒ x = -1 kw;Wk;

=

y=2

23) Neh;khW mzpfhzy; Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
2x - y = 7, 3x – 2y = 11

=
21. gpd;tUk; mzpapd; Neh;khW fhz;f.
Neh;khW cz;L
A=
=

=2

adj A =

=

adj A

X=

=
=
⇒ x = 3 kw;Wk;

y = -1

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Page29

24) Neh;khW mzpfhzy; Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
x+y = 3, 2x +3 y = 8

~
,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
Neh;khW cz;L

,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if = 2
(A)=2
27)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

jPh;T:

X=

A=

~
⇒ x = 1 kw;Wk;

y=2
~

25)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

~
,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.

jPh;T:A =

,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if = 3
(A)=3

~

,
28)

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if = 1

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f

jPh;T:
A=

(A)=1

~
26)

jPh;T:A =

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

~
,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2
(A)=2

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Page30

29)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

31)

jPh;T:

jPh;T:

A=

A=

~

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

~

~

~

~

~
,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 3

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2

(A)=3

(A)=2
32)
30)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.
jPh;T:

jPh;T:
A=
A=
~

,

~
~

~
,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2
(A)=2

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 1
(A)=1

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Page31

33)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

35)

jPh;T:

jPh;T:

A=

A=

~

~

~

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

~
,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.

,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2

,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2

(A)=2
34)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

jPh;T:

(A)=2
36)

vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.

jPh;T:

A=

A=

~

~

~

~

~

~

~

~

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.

(A)=2

,q;F G+[;[pakw;w epiufspd; vz;zpf;if= 2
(A)=2

37) mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
2x +3y =5,4x +6y =12
jPh;T:

i)
∴njhFg;G xUq;fikT ,y;yhjJ. vdNt, jPh;T fhz
,ayhJ.

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Page32

38)3x +2y =5 , x +3y =4 mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy;
jPh;f;f.

40) x -y = 2 , 3y =3x-7 mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy;
jPh;f;f.

jPh;T:

jPh;T:
jug;gl;l
vOjyhk;.

njhFjpapid

fPo;f;fz;lthW

x -y = 2 , 3x -3y= 7

,
vd;gjhy; njhFjpf;F XNu xU jPh;T cz;L
fpuhkhpd; tpjpg;gb x

y

∴ jPh;T

= 1

=
=

= 11

x = 1, y=1

≠0

jPh;T:

vd;gjhy; njhFjpf;F XNu xU jPh;T cz;L.
NkYk; njhFjpahdJ rkgbj;jhd rkd;ghLfspd;
njhFjp vd;gjhy; njhFjpf;F ntspg;gilj; jPh;T
kl;Lk; cz;L.
jPh;T: (x,y,z) == (0,0,0)

39) x +y =3 , 2 x +3y =7 mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy;
jPh;f;f.
jPh;T:

42) mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
4x +5y =9,8x +10y =18
jPh;T:

vd;gjhy; njhFjpf;F XNu xU jPh;T cz;L
fpuhkhpd; tpjpg;gb x

y

= 2

=
=

(i)
(ii)
(iii) Fiwe;jjJ xU

=
=

∴ jPh;T

41) mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
x +y +2z =0, 2x+ y- z =0,2x + 2y +z =0

=
=

vd;gjhy; njhFjpf;F jPh;T ,y;iy

∴ njhFg;ghdJ xUq;fikTg; ngw;W vz;zpf;ifaw;w
jPh;Tfis ngWfpd;wJ.
jPh;T fhz y = t vd;f. t
⇒4x = 9-5t

= 1

of

∴(x, y)=

R

x=
t

R

x = 2, y=1

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43)2x +3y =8,4x +6y =16 mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy;
jPh;f;f.

45) jPh;f;f x + y +2z =4,2x +2y +4z =8,
3x +3y +6z =10

jPh;T:
jPh;T:

(i)
(ii)
(iii) Fiwe;jjJ xU

of

∴ njhFg;ghdJ xUq;fikTg; ngw;W vz;zpf;ifaw;w
jPh;Tfis ngWfpd;wJ.
jPh;T fhz y = t vd;f. t
⇒2x +3t =8
∴(x, y)=

R

x=
t

R

44) mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy; jPh;f;f.
2x +2y +z =5, x– y + z =1,3x + y +2z =4

(i)
(ii)
(iii) –y; cs;s midj;J2x2rpw;wzpf;
Nfhitapd; kjpg;G
(iv)
–y; VNjDk; xU 2x2rpw;wzpf;
Nfhitapd; kjpg;G 0
∴njhFg;G xUq;fikT ,y;yhjJ. vdNt, jPh;T fhz
,ayhJ.
46) jug;gl;Ls;s njhFjp xUq;fikT cilajh
vdf;fhz;f. xUq;fikT cilaJ vdpy; jPh;T
fhz;f.
x + y +z =7, x +2y +3z =18, y +2z =6

jPh;T:

jug;gl;Ls;s njhFjpapd; mzpr;rkd;ghL
=

≠0
AX = B
(i)

=

(ii)
∴ njhFg;G xUq;fikT ,y;yhjJ vdNt jPh;T fhz
,ayhJ.

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
(A)=2
NkYk;

(A,B)=3

(A) ≠

(A,B)

∴njhFg;G xUq;fikT ,y;yhjJ.
fhz ,ayhJ.
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vdNt, jPh;T

Page34

47) jug;gl;Ls;s njhFjp xUq;fikT cilajh
vdf;fhz;f. xUq;fikT cilaJ vdpy; jPh;T
fhz;f.
x -4 y +7z =14, 3x +8y -2z =13, 7x-8 y +26z =5
jug;gl;Ls;s njhFjpapd; mzpr;rkd;ghL
=

48) Neu;khWfSf;Fupa tupirkhw;W tpjp.
tpjp: Akw;Wk; B xNu tupir nfhz;l g+r;rpakw;w
Nfhit mzpfs; vdpy;
epUgzk;:A kw;Wk; B xNu tupir nfhz;l g+r;rpakw;w
Nfhit mzpfs;.

∴ AB Ak; g+r;rpakw;w Nfhit mzp
(AB)

AX = B

=

(1), (2) ypUe;J (AB)

= I ….(1)

(AB) = I ………….(2)

,NjNghy

=

=

=

(AB) = I

epUgpf;fg;gl;lJ.

,e;j mzp VWgb tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ.
(A)=2
NkYk;
(A) ≠

(A,B)=3
(A,B)

∴njhFg;G xUq;fikT ,y;yhjJ vdNt jPh;T fhz
,ayhJ.

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9. jdpepiyf; fzf;fpay; - 6 kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fSk; tpilfSk;

f;F xU F ,Ue;jhYk; F tuntz;Lk;;.
f;F T F f;F F ……….. kw;wjw;F T

(iii) (pq)(~q)
q
(pq)

1)
p
T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F
(iv) ~ [(~ p)(~ )]

2)

F
T
F
T

F
T
F
F

q

~p

~q

T

T

F

F

F

T

T

F

F

T

F

T

F

T

T

F

F

T

F

F

T

T

T

F

9.5: (pq)(~ r )
p

q

r

(pq)

T
T
T
T
F
F
F
F

T
T
F
F
T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F
T
F
T
F

T
T
F
F
F
F
F
F

(pq)(~ r )
F
T
F
T
F
T
F
T

T
T
F
T
F
T
F
T

9.6: (pq)  r

4)
p
T
T
T
T
F
F
F
F

6)

(pq)(~q)

~q

T
T
T
F

p

3)

5)

f;F xU T ,Ue;jhYk; T tuntz;Lk;.
f;F T T f;F T nkYk; F F f;F T … kw;wjw;F F

q

r

(pq)

(pq)  r

T
T
F
F
T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F
T
F
T
F

T
T
T
T
T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F
T
F
F
F

9.2 – 7 (p q )  [~ (pq )]
p

q

(p q

~ (pq )]

(p q )  [~ (pq )]

T

T

T

F

T

T

F

F

T

T

F

T

F

T

T

F

F

F

T

T

9.2 - 9 (p q )  r
p

q

r

(p q )

(p q )  r

T
T
T
T
F
F
F
F

T
T
F
F
T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F
T
F
T
F

T
T
T
T
T
T
F
F

T
T
T
T
T
T
T
F

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7)

9.2 - 10 (pq )  r
p

q

r

(pq )

(pq )  r

T
T
T
T
F
F
F
F

T
T
F
F
T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F
T
F
T
F

T
T
F
F
F
F
F
F

T
T
T
F
T
F
T
F

~ (p  q )

8) Example 9.7:

(~ p) ( ~q )
p  q

~ (p  q )

p
T
T
F
F

q
T
F
T
F

p

q

T

T

F

F

F

T

F

F

T

F

F

T

T

F

F

F

F

T

T

T

T
T
T
F

F
F
F
T

9) Example 9.10: (i) [ (~ p )  (~ q ) ]  p
p

q

T

T

F

F

F

T

T

F

F

T

T

T

F

T

T

F

T

T

F

F

T

T

T

T

filrp epuy; KGtJk; T Mjyhy;
10) Example 9.10: (ii) [(~ q)p) ]q

bka;ik MFk;.

p

q

T

T

F

F

F

T

F

T

T

F

F

T

F

F

F

F

F

T

F

F

filrp epuy; KGtJk; F Mjyhy;
11) Example 9.11: [(~ p)q] [ p (~q )]

MFk;.

p

q

T

T

F

F

T

F

T

T

F

F

T

F

T

T

F

T

T

F

T

F

T

F

F

T

T

T

F

T

filrp epuy; KGtJk; T Mjyhy;

bka;ik MFk;.

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12) EXERCISE 9.3 (i) [(~ p) q ) ]  p
p

q

T

T

T

(~ p) q )

(~ p) q ) ]  p

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

T

T

T

F

F

F

T

F

F

filrp epuy; KGtJk; F Mjyhy;
13) EXERCISE 9.3 (ii) (p  q )  [~ (p 

MFk;.

p

q

T

T

T

F

T

T

F

T

F

T

F

T

T

F

T

F

F

F

T

T

filrp epuy; KGtJk; T Mjyhy; bka;ik
14) EXERCISE 9.3 (iii) [ p  (~q ) ]  [ ( ~ p )  q ]
p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

F
F
T
T

F
T
F
T

MFk;.

F
T
F
F

T
F
T
T

filrp epuy; KGtJk; T Mjyhy; bka;ik

T
T
T
T

MFk;.

15) EXERCISE 9.3 ( iv) q [p  (~q ) 
p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

F
T
F
T

T
T
F
T

filrp epuy; KGtJk; T Mjyhy; bka;ik

T
T
T
T

MFk;.

16) EXERCISE 9.3 (v) [ p  ( ~p ) ]  [ (~ q) p ]
p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

F
F
T
T

F
T
F
T

F
F
F
F

(~ q) p

[ p  ( ~p ) ] [ (~ q) p ]

F
T
F
T

F
F
F
F

filrp epuy; KGtJk; F Mjyhy;

MFk;.

17) EXERCISE 9.3 - 2. p  q  (~ p )  q vdf; fhl;Lf
p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

T
F
T
T

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p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

F
F
T
T
p  q  (~ p )  q MFk;.

T
F
T
T

18) EXERCISE 9.3 - 3. p  q  ( p  q )  ( q  p )
p

q

p q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

T
F
F
T

p

q

p  q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

T
F
T
T
p q  (p 

q  p

(p  q)(q  p)

T
T
T
F
F
F
T
T
q )  ( q  p ) MFk;.

p q[ (~ p )  q ) [ (~q )  p ) 

19) EXERCISE 9.3 - 4.
p

q

p q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

T
F
F
T

p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

T
T
T
F
T
F
T
F
F
T
T
T
,U ml;ltizfspypUe;J p q [ (~ p )  q ) [ (~q )  p )  MFk;.

20) EXERCISE 9.3 - 5.

F
F
T
T

F
T
F
T

~ (pq )  (~p)(~q ) vdf; fhl;Lf
(pq
p
q

~ (pq )

T

T

T

F

T

F

F

T

F

T

F

T

F

F

F

T

p

q

T

T

F

F

F

T

F

F

T

T

F

T

T

F

T

F

F

T

T

T

~ (pq ) (~p)(~q ) MFk;.

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21) EXERCISE 9.3 - 6.
p

q

T
T
F
F

T
F
T
F

T
F
T
T

vdnt p  q
22) EXERCISE 9.3 - 7.

T
T
F
T

q  p
( p q)

(pq)

p

q

pq

p q

T

T

T

T

T

T

F

F

T

T

F

T

F

T

T

F

F

F

F

T

filrp epuy; KGtJk; T (pq)

( p q)

(pq)

( p q)

MFk;.

23) Fyk;:

24) Fyj;jpd; ePf;fy; tpjpapid vGjp epU:gp/
G
a,b,c
i.
(,lJ ePf;fy; tpjp)
ii.
(tyJ ePf;fy; tpjp)
epU:gzk;
(,lJ ePf;fy; tpjp)

(tyJ ePf;fy; tpjp)

25) Fyj;jpd; vjph;kiw tpjpapid vGjp epU:gp
xU Fyk; vd;f.
a,b,
epU:gzk;
I.

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II)

vdnt
26) Example 9.12: (Z, +)
(i)
tpjp:
,uz;L KG vz;fspd; TLjy; xU KG vz;
(ii)
tpjp:
z-y; $l;ly; vg;nghOJk; Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ
(iii)
tpjp:
Tl;ly; rkdp

0

kw;Wk; mJ 0+a = a+0 = a

I G+h;j;jp nra;fpwJ. vdNt, rkdp tpjp cz;ikahFk;
tpjp:
Xt;bthU
f;Fk;
I
vDkhW fhzyhk;. vdNt, vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ikahFk;.

(iv)

(v)

tpjp:
Tl;ly; tpjp ghpkhw;W tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ.
∴ (Z, +)

Z xU Kbtw;w fzk;.
27) Example 9.13: (R – {0}, . )
(i)

‘ ’

tpjp:
,uz;L G+[;[pakw;w nka;naz;fspd; ngUf;fy; xU G+[;[pakw;w nka;naz; MFk;.
0}

(ii)

tpjp:
R - {0} y;ngUf;fy; vg;nghOJk; Nrh;g;G tpjpf;F cl;gLk;
∴Nrh;g;G tpjp cz;ikahfpwJ

(iii)

tpjp:
rkdp cWg;G

1

0} kw;Wk; 1.a = a.1 = a,

a

0}

vdNt, rkdp tpjp cz;ikahfpwJ.
(iv) v

tpjp:
Xt;bthU

vDkhW fhzyhk;.

f;Fk;

I

vdNt, vjph;kiw tpjp cz;ikahfpwJ.

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(v)

tpjp:
ghpkhw;W tpjpf;F cz;ikahfpwJ.
∴(
, )
R – {0} xU Kbtw;w fzk;. ∴ (R – {0), .)

28) Example 9.14:
g;

(cube roots of unity
1
1

1

1
1

(i)

tpjp:

(ii)

tpjp:

ml;ltidapy; cs;s vy;yh cWg;g[fSk; -d; cWg;g[fs; MFk;.
vdnt milt[ tpjp cz;ikahfpwJ
bgUf;fy; vg;nghJk; nrh;g;g[ tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ

tpjp:
rkdp cWg;G
1. mJ rkdp tpjpiag; G+h;j;jp nra;Ak;
tpjp:
1
tpjp:
ghpkhw;W tpjpa[k; cz;ikahFk;.
G xU Kbthd fzk;.
∴ (G, .)
29) Example 9.15: 1
4
(fourth roots of unity )
(iii)
(iv)
(v)

1
1
-1
i
-i

1
-1
i
-i

-1
-1
1
-i
i

i
i
-i
-1
1

-i
-i
i
1
-1

bgUf;fy; nkw;fz;l ml;ltidapy; ,Ue;J

(i)

tpjp:
ml;ltidapy; cs;s vy;yh cWg;g[fSk;
vdnt, milt[ tpjp cz;ikahfpwJ

(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

-d; cWg;g[fs; MFk;.

tpjp:
C y; bgUf;fy; vg;nghJk; nrh;g;g[ tpjpf;F cl;gLk;;. Mjyhy; GYk; cz;ikahFk;.
tpjp:
rkdp cWg;G 1 G. mJ rkdp tpjpiag;G+h;j;jp nra;Ak.;
tpjp:
1

(v)

tpjp:
nkw; fz;l ml;ltidapy; ,Ue;J ghpkhw;W tpjpa[k; cz;ikahFk;.
vdnt (G, .) xU vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;.

30) Example 9.16: (C, +)
(i)

tpjp:

(ii)

tpjp:

vdnt milt[ tpjp cz;ikahfpwJ

(iii)
(iv)

C y; Tl;ly; vg;nghJk; nrh;g;g[ tpjpf;F cl;gLk;;. Mjyhy; CYk; cz;ikahFk;.
tpjp:
rkdp cWg;G
tpjp:
xt;nthU Z

0 = 0 + i
f;Fk; Z

C. mJ rkdp tpjpiag; G+h;j;jp nra;Ak;.

I Z + (-Z) = -Z + Z = 0 vDkhW fhzyhk;.

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(v)

tpjp:

C xU Kotw;w fzk;.
31) Example 9.17:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

(C, +) xU Kotw;w vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;.

tpjp:
G+[;[pakw;w ,uz;L fyg;ngz;fspd; ngUf;fy; vg;nghOJk; G+[;[pakw;w
fyg;ngz;zhf ,Uf;Fk;
Nrh;g;G tpjp: fyg;ngz;fspy; ngUf;fy; Nrh;g;G vg;nghOJk; cz;ikahFk;
rkdp tpjp: 1 = 1 + 0i G NkYk; 1.Z = Z.1 = Z Z G

tpjp: Z = x + iy G ∴xt;nthU Z G f;Fk;
G NkYk;
(v)
tpjp: fyg;ngz; ngUf;fy; ghpkhw;W tpjpia epiwT nra;Ak;
(C-{0} , .) xU vgPypad; Fyk; MFk;.
32) Example 9.19: 2x2
(iv)

(
jPh;t[:
G = 2x2

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

R

)

tpjp:
,uz;L 2X2 thpir bfhz;l g{r;rpakw;w nfhit mzpfspd; bgUf;fy; gyd; xU 2X2
thpir bfhz;l g{r;rpakw;w nfhit mzpahFk;. vdnt, milt[ tjpp cz;ikahFk;.
Nrh;g;G tpjp: mzpg;; ngUf;fy; Nrh;g;G tpjpia epiwT nra;Ak;.
rkdp tpjp:
vd;gJ rkdp cWg;ghFk;.

(iv)
(v)

tpjp: xt;nthU G+[;[pakw;w A vd;w mzpf;Fk; mjd; Neh;khW A-1 cz;L.
-1
-1
A.A =A A.=I
tpjp: mzpg;ngUf;fy; ghpkhw;W tpjpia epiwT nra;ahJ.
G xU Kbtw;w fzk;. (G,.) xU Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk;.


1 0    1 0  1 0    1 0  

, 
 , 
 
, 


0
1
0

1
0

1

  0 1  
 


33) Example 9.20: 
jPh;t[
vd;f.

mzpg;bgUf;fy;

I

A

B

C

I

I

A

B

C

A

A

I

C

B

B

B

C

I

A

C

C

B

A

I

apd; vy;yhcWg;g[fSk;G-d;; cWg;g[fs; MFk;
tpjpia epiwt[ bra;fpwJ.

vdnt bgUf;fy; milt[

mzp bgUf;fy; vg;nghJk; nrh;g;g[ tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ.
I
;
;
ml;ltidapypUe;J . ghpkhw;W tpjpf;F cl;gl;lJ .
vdnt G MdJ mzpg;bgUf;fypd; fPH; xU vgPypad; Fyk;.
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Page43

3 kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fSk; tpilfSk
,

34. xU Fyk; G–y;
ep&gzk; :

.
.

vd;gjhy;

a–d; vjpu;; kiw

vd;f.

–d; vjpu;; kiw
(1), (2) ypUe;J

=

vd;f.

=e
(tyJ ePf;fy; tpjp)

=

35. xU Fyj;jpd; rkdp cWg;G xUik jd;ik tha;e;jJ.
ep&gzk; : G xU Fyk; vd;f. G –d; rkdp cWg;Gfs;

vd;f.

=

–I rkdp cWg;ghf¡ nfhs;Nthkhapd;
I rkdp cWg;ghf nfhs;Nthkhapd;

kw;Wk;

=

(1) kw;Wk; (2)–y; ,Ue;J
∴ xU Fyj;jpd; rkdp cWg;G xUik jd;ik tha;e;jJ.
36. xU Fyj;jpd; xt;nthU cWg;Gk; xNu xU vjph;kiwiag; ngw;wpUf;Fk;.
ep&gzk; : G xU Fyk; vd;f.

vd;f.

–d; vjph;kiw cWg;Gfs;

–I a –d; vjph;kiw vd;f.

=

= ………….. (1)

–I a –d; vjph;kiw vd;f.

=

= ………….. (2)

,

vd;f.

=

,g;NghJ

xU Fyj;jpd; xt;nthU cWg;Gk; xNu xU vjph;kiwiag; ngw;wpUf;Fk;.

37 to 45 nra;Jghh;f;f:
Example 9.4:

gpd;tUk; $w;WfSf;F nka; ml;ltizfs; mikf;f:
(i)  ~ p   ~ q  

(ii) ~  ~ p   q 

EXERCISE 9.2 gpd;tUk; $w;WfSf;F nka; ml;ltizfs; mikf;f:
(1) p  ~ q 

(2) ~ p   ~ q 

(3) ~  p  q 

(4)  p  q   ~ p 

(5)  p  q   ~ q 

(6) ~  p  ~ q  

(8)  p  q   ~ q 

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Page44

Gj;jf Fwpf;Nfhs; tpdhக்கள்
njhFjp – I
CHAPTER – 1 (அணிகள் மற்றும் அணிக்ககோவைகளின் பயன்போடுகள்)
01.

1 1 2 
 2 2 4  vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f


 4 4 8 
a) 1

02.

 1







b) 2
2
0
4

a) 0
03.

b) 2

b) 0

b) 2

d) 0

c) 1

d) 2

c) 3

d) VNjDk; xU nka;naz;.

c) 1 I

d) k I

xU jpirapyp mzpapd; thpir 3, k  0 vdpy; A 1 vd;gJ
1
k2

I

b)

1
k3

I

k

 1 3 2 
 1 k 3 vd;w mzpf;F Neh;khW cz;L vdpy; kd; kjpg;Gfs;


 1 4 5 
a) k VNjDk; xU nka;naz;

08.

c) 3

  1 0 
 0  1 vd;w mzpapd; juk; 2 vdpy;  tpd; kjpg;G


 1 0  

a)

07.

d) 5

1 
A   2  vdpy; AA T d; juk; fhz;f
 3 

a) 1
06.

c) 3

A = [ 2 0 1 ]vdpy; AA T d; juk; fhz;f

a) 3

05.

d) 4



 vd;w %iy tpl;l mzpapd; juk; fhz;f



0 

b) 2

a) 1

04.

c) 3

b) k   4

c)

k  4

d) k  4

2 1
A
 vd;w mzpf;F ( adjA ) A =
3 4
a)

 15 0 
0 1 
5

b)

1 0 
0 1 

c)

5 0 
0 5

5 0 

0 5 

d) 

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Page45

09.

xU rJu mzp A d; thpir n vdpy;
a) A

10.

k 3 det( A )

b) k 2 det( A )

k n adj (I )

A=

0 0 
0 60 

0 0 1 
c) 0 1 0 


1 0 0 

 1 0 0 


d) 0 1 0


 0 0 1 

c) k det( A )

d) det (A)

c)

d) k n1adj ( I )

k 2 adj ( I )

c) B xU G+r;rpakw;w Nfhit mzp

d) B = A.

0 0 
12 
0 5 

c)

0 0 
0 0 

d)

1 0 
0 1 

 2 5 
 1 3

c)

 3 1
 5 3

d)

 3 5 
 1 2 

3 1 
5 2  vd;gjd; Neh;khW


b)

kjpg;gpl Ntz;ba %d;W khwpfspy; mike;j %d;W Nehpa mrkgbj;jhd rkd;ghl;Lj; njhFg;gpy;   0 kw;Wk;
 x  0 ,  y  0 kw;Wk;  z  0 vdpy; njhFg;Gf;fhd jPh;T
b) ,uz;L jPh;Tfs;

d) jPh;T ,y;yhik

c) vz;zpf;ifaw;w jPhT
; fs;

ax  y  z  0 ; x  by  z  0 ; x  y  cz  0 Mfpa rkd;ghLfspd; njhFg;ghdJ xU ntspg;gilaw;w jPh;it
ngw;wpUg;gpd;

a) 1

1
1
1



1 a 1 b 1 c

b) 2

ae x  be y  c ; pe x  qe y  d kw;Wk; 1 
a)

19.

k adj (I )

b) 

a) xNu xU jPhT
;

18.

A

0 0 
12
0 5  vdpy;> A vd;gJ

 2 1

 5 3 

17.

b)

b) B xU G+r;rpaf; Nfhit mzp

a) 
16.

d)

A, B vd;w VNjDk; ,U mzpfSf;F AB = O vd;W ,Ue;J NkYk; A G+r;rpakw;w Nfhit mzp vdpy;>

a)

15.

n1

myF mzp I d; thpir n, k  0 xU khwpyp vdpy;> adj (kI) = ……

a) B = O
14.

A

c)

 0 0 1


b) 0 1 0


 1 0 0 

 1 0 0


0 1 0
 0 0 1

a)

13.

n

A vd;w mzpapd; thpir 3 vdpy; det (kA) vd;gJ

a)
12.

b) A

vd;gJ

0 0 1 
0 1 0  vd;w mzpapd; Neh;khW


1 0 0 

a)

11.

2

adj A

  2 3 


 ,  
1
 1

b)

c) –1
a b
p q

; 2 


 

 log 2 , log 3 


1 
1

c b
d q

d) 0
; 3 
c)

a c
p d

vdpy; (x,y) d; kjpg;G



 
 log 1 , log 1 




3
2

d)



 
 log 1 , log 1 




2
3

2x  y  z  l ; x  2y  z  m ; x  y  2z  n vd;w rkd;ghLfs; l  m  n  0 vDkhW mikAkhapd;
mj;njhFg;gpd; jPh;T
a) xNu xU G+r;rpkw;w jPhT
;
b) ntspg;gil¤ jPh;T

c) vz;zpf;ifaw;w jPh;T

d) jPh;T ,y;yhik ngw;W ,Uf;Fk;

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Page46

CHAPTER – 2 (வைக்டர் இயற்கணிதம்)
20.

a xU G+r;rpakw;w ntf;luhfTk; m G+r;rpakw;w xU jpirapypahfTk; ,Ug;gpd; m a MdJ XuyF ntf;lh; vdpy;

a) m   1
21.



a kw;Wk; b

c)

a m

b)

1
m

a

d) a = 1

 

,uz;L XuyF ntf;lH kw;Wk; vd;gJ mtw;wpw;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk; a  b MdJ XuyF

ntf;luhapd;
a)  
22.

b)  


4

3

b)

 3

   
abc  0,

a)  

b)  

c)

d)

 
u0

c)  

30.

d)




2

ntf;lh;fs; nrq;Fj;J ntf;lHfshapd;>

c) a = 4, b = 4, c = -5

b) a = 4, b = 4, c = 5

b) 6 30

d)a = -2, b =3, c =4

c)

3
30
2

d)

3 30

a  b  a  b vdpy;

b)

3

c)

d) a kw;Wk; b XuyF ntf;lH

c) a  b

p, q kw;Wk; p  q Mfpait vz;zsT  nfhz;l ntf;lh;fshapd;

 
pq

2

MdJ.
d) 1

a x ( b x c )  b x ( c x a )  c x (a x b)  x x y vdpy;

a) x  0

b) y  0

c) x k; y k; ,izahFk;

d) x  0 my;yJ y  0 my;yJ x k; y k; ,izahFk;

PR  2 i  j  k ,

a) 5 3
31.

 3
2

3 i  j  k vd;w ntf;liu xU %iy tpl;lkhfTk; i  3 j  4 k I xU gf;fkhfTk; nfhz;l ,izfuj;jpd; gug;G

a) 2
29.

2
3

d) u  0

5
3

a) a k; b k; ,izahFk; b) a k; b k; nrq;Fj;jhFk;
28.



a f;Fk; b f;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;

2
3







2 i  3 j  4k , a i  b j  ck Mfpa

a) 10 3
27.



b  4 , c  5 vdpy;


a 3,


6

b) u  a  b  c

a) a = 2, b = 3, c = -4
26.

d)

vdpy;

25.


2

c) 2

         
u  a  (b  c )  b  (c  a)  c  (a  b)

a) u xU XuyF ntf;lH
24.

c)  

a f;Fk; b f;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk; 120° NkYk; mtw;wpd; vz;zsTfs; KiwNa 2, 3 a . b MdJ
a)

23.


3

Q S   i  3 j  2k vdpy; ehw;fuk; PQRS d; gug;G
b) 10 3


OQ vd;w

c)

5 3
2

d)

3
2

myF ntf;lH kPjhd OP d; tPoyhdJ OPRQ vd;w ,izfuj;jpd; gug;ig¥ Nghd;W Kk;klq;fhapd;
POQ MdJ.

a)

tan 1

1
3

b)

 3 

cos 1
 10 

c)

 3 

sin1
 10 

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 1

d) sin1 
3
 

Page47

b d; kPJ a d; tPoy; kw;Wk; a d; kPJ b d; tPoYk; rkkhapd; a + b kw;Wk; a - b f;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;

32.

a)




2

b)  


3

c)  

d)  

2
3

a , b, c vd;w jskw;w ntf;lHfSf;F a x ( b x c )  ( a x b) x c vdpy;

33.

a) a MdJ b f;F ,iz b) b MdJ c f;F ,iz
34.


4

c) c MdJ a f;F ,iz d) a  b  c  0

xU NfhL x kw;Wk; y mr;Rf;fSld; kpif jpirapy; 45°, 60° Nfhzq;fis Vw;gLj;JfpwJ vdpy; z mr;Rld;
mJ cz;lhf;Fk; Nfhzk;
a) 30 

b) 90 

a  b , b  c , c  a =64vdpy; a , b,c  d;

35.

a) 32

36.

 =8vdpy; 

a) 4

i  j ,

37.

 d;

d)

c) 128

d) 0

c) 32

d) -4

c) 2

d) 4

60 

kjpg;G

b) 8
 
a , b, c

     
a  b, b  c , c  a

c) 45 

kjpg;G

b) 16

j  k , k  i d; kjpg;G

a) 0

b) 1


 

(2,10,1) vd;w Gs;spf;Fk; r  (3i  j  4k )  2 26 vd;w jsj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l kpff; Fiwe;j J}uk;

38.

a) 2 26

b)

26

c) 2

d)

1
26

(a x b) x ( c x d) vd;gJ

39.

a) a , b, c kw;Wk; d f;F nrq;Fj;J

b) (a x b) kw;Wk; ( c x d) vd;w ntf;lHfSf;F ,iz.

c) a, b I nfhz;l jsKk; c , d nfhz;l jsKk; ntl;bf; nfhs;Sk; Nfhl;bw;F ,iz.
d) a, b I nfhz;l jsKk; c , d nfhz;l jsKk; ntl;bf; nfhs;Sk; Nfhl;bw;F nrq;Fj;J.

a , b, c vd;gd a,b,c Mfpatw;iw kl;Lfshff; nfhz;L tyf;if mikg;gpy; xd;Wf;nfhd;W nrq;Fj;jhd
 
ntf;lHfs; vdpy; a, b, c ,d; kjpg;G

40.

a) a 2b 2c 2
41.

b) 0

1
abc
2

d) abc

d; kjpg;G
b) 3

c) 1

d) 0

r  s i  t j vd;w rkd;ghL Fwpg;gJ

a) i kw;Wk; j Gs;spfis ,izf;Fk; Neh;;NfhL
43.

c)

a , b, c vd;gd xU jsk; mikah ntf;lHfs; NkYk; [ a x b , b x c , c x a ]  [ a  b , b  c , c  a] vdpy;

 
a , b, c

a) 2
42.

b) xoy jsk;

c) yoz jsk;

d) zox jsk;

i  a j  k vDk; tpir i  j vDk; Gs;sp topNa nray;gLfpwJ. j  k vDk; Gs;spia¥ nghWj;J mjd; jpUg;Gj;

jpwdpd; msT
a) 1

8 vdpy; a d; kjpg;G.

b) 2

c) 3

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d) 4

Page48

44.

x  3 y  3 2z  5


1
5
3



f;F ,izahfTk; (1,3,5) Gs;sp topahfTk; nry;yf; $ba Nfhl;bd; ntf;lH rkd;ghL

 



a) r  i  5 j  3k  t i  3 j  5k


3 

b) r  i  3 j  5k  t i  5 j  3k

d) r

c) r   i  5 j  k   t i  3 j  5k
2

45.

  

46.

  
i  j k

b)

3




 3 

 i  3 j  5k  t i  5 j  k 
2 

d) (-4, -3, -11)

c) 2 x+y-z+5=0

d) 2x-y+z=0

c) 4 myFfs;

d) 7 myFfs;

  
i  j k

c)

3

 

 i  j  2k
3

d)

  
i  j k
3

x  6 y  4 z  4 kw;Wk; x  1  y  2  z  3 vd;w NfhLfs; ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk; Gs;sp


2
4
2
6
4
8

b) (1, 0, 0)

 




  

r   i  2 j  3k  t  2 i  j  k

x 1 y  2 z  3


2
3
4

kw;Wk;

2

x2 y4 z5


3
4
5

b)

3

x  3 y 1 z  5


4
2
3

x 1 y 1 z


2
1
1

 kw;Wk;

c) (0, 2, 0)

 








r  2 i  3 j  5k  s i  2 j  3k

b) (1, 2, 1)

kw;Wk;

kw;Wk;

c)

6

x 1 y  2 z  3


4
2
3

a) (-3, 4, -5) , 49

d) (1, 2, 0)

NfhLfs; ntl;bf; nfhs;Sk; Gs;sp
d) (1, 1, 1)

vd;w NfhLfSf;fpilNaAs;s kpff; Fiwe;j njhiyT

1

2
3

d)

1
2 6

vd;w ,izNfhLfSf;fpilNaAs;s kpff; Fiwe;j njhiyT
c) 1

x  2 y 1 z 1


Mfpa
3
5
2

d) 0

,U NfhLfSk;

b) ntl;bf;nfhs;git

x2  y2  z2  6x  8y  10 z  1  0 vd;w

 vd;w

c) (1, 1, 2)

b) 2

a) ,iz
54.

b) 3 myFfs;

a) 3
53.

a  i  2 j  3 k kw;Wk; b  3i  j  2 k vdpy; a f;Fk; b f;Fk; nrq;Fj;jhf cs;s xU XuyF ntf;lH

a)
52.

F  i  j  k vd;w tpir xU Jfis A (3,3,3) vDk; epiyapypUe;J B (4,4,4) vDk; epiyf;F efh;j;jpdhy;
mt;tpir nra;Ak;NtiyasT

a) (2, 1, 1)
51.

b) x+9y+11z=0

a) (0, 0, -4)
50.

 

c) (4, 3, 11)

a)
49.

(2,1,-1) vd;w Gs;sp topahfTk; jsq;fs; r  ( i  3 j  k)  0 ; r  ( j  2k )  0 ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk; Nfhl;il
cs;slf;fpaJkhd jsj;jpd; rkd;ghL

a) 2 myFfs;
48.

r. i  j  k  8 vd;w jsKk; ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk; Gs;sp

b) (-8, - 6, -22)

a) x+4y-z=0
47.

r  i  k  t 3 i  2 j  7 k vd;w NfhLk;

a) (8, 6, 22)



c) xU jsk; mikahjit

d) nrq;Fj;J.

Nfhsj;jpd; ikak; kw;Wk; Muk;

b) (-6, 8, -10) , 1

c) (3, -4, 5) , 7

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

d) (6, -8, 10) , 7

Page49

CHAPTER – 3 (கலப்வபண்கள்)
55.

56.

  1 i 3 


2



e

3i  / 4 3

a) e 9 ,
57.

100

  1 i 3 


2



b) e 9 ,

2


2

x 2  y 2  1vdpy;

b) 2 x

3

b)

13





1

c)  ,8 
2

1 
d)  , 8 
2 

c) 2 iy

d) x  iy

7

c)

d) 7

b) a1  a 2  a3 2  b1  b2  b3 2



d) a1 2  a 2 2  a3 2 b1 2  b2 2  b3 2

a) nrq;Nfhz Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfs;

b) rkgf;f Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfs;

c) ,U rkgf;f Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfs;

d) xNu Nfhliktd.

fyg;ngz; z1, z 2 , z 3 , z 4 vd;w Gs;spfs; KiwNa xU ,izfuj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfshf ,Ug;gjw;Fk; mjd;
kWjiyAk; cz;ikahf ,Ug;gjw;Fk; cs;s epge;jid

b) z1  z 3  z 2  z 4

c) z1  z 2  z 3  z 4

d) z1  z 2  z 3  z 4

c) 0

d)

z fyg;ngz;izf; Fwpg;gnjdpy; arg (z)  arg (z) vd;gJ
a)


4

b)

xU fyg;ngz;zpd; tPr;R


2


3


vdpy; me;j vz;
2

a) Kw;wpYk; fw;gid vz; b) Kw;wpYk; nka; vz;
65.

3
4

a = 3 + i kw;Wk; z = 2 – 3i vdpy; cs;s az, 3az kw;Wk; -az vd;gd xU Mh;fd; jsj;jpy;

a) z1  z 4  z 2  z 3

64.

d) e 9 ,

A  iB  (a 1  ib1) (a 2  ib 2 ) (a 3  ib 3 ) vdpy; A 2  B 2 d; kjpg;G

c) a1 2  b1 2 a 2 2  b2 2 a3 2  b3 2

63.

3
4

1  x  iy
d; kjpg;G
1  x  iy

a) a1 2  b1 2  a 2 2  b2 2  a3 2  b3 2

62.

d) 1

2  i 3 vd;w fyg;ngz;zpd; kl;L
a)

61.

c) - 1

b) 0

c) e 6 ,

 1 
b)  , 8 
 2 

a) x  iy

60.

a) 2

(2m + 3) + i( 3n-2) vd;w fyg;ngz;zpd; ,iznad; (m-5) + i ( n+4) vdpy; (n,m) vd;gJ.
 1

,8 
 2

59.

d; kjpg;G

vd;w fyg;ngz;zpd; kl;L tPr;R KiwNa

a) 
58.

100

iz vd;w fyg;ngz;iz Mjpia¥ nghWj;J

c) 0

d) nka;Aky;y fw;gidAky;y


Nfhzj;jpy; fbfhu vjph; jpirapy; Row;Wk; NghJ me;j vz;zpd;
2

Gjpa epiy
a) iz
66.

b) -iz

c) -z

d) z

c) cos   i sin 

d) cos

fyg;ngz; (i 25 ) 3 d; Nghyhh; tbtk;
a) cos


2

 i sin


2

b) cos   i sin 

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2

 i sin


2

Page50

67.

P MdJ fyg;G vz; khwp z I Fwpf;fpd;wJ

a) x 
68.
69.

1
1
vd;w Nehf;NfhL b) y  vd;w Nehf;NfhL
4
4

1  e  i
1  e i

=

z n  cos

a) cos   i sin 

b) ,uz;lhk; fhy;gFjp

1

2 22

i
13 13

b) 2 i sin n

b) 

d) 2 cos(     )

c) 

2 22

i
13 13

d)

2 22

i
13 13

b) - i

c) 1

d) – 1

b) - 1

c) 0

d) -i

–i +2 vd;gJ ax 2  bx  c  0 vd;w rkd;ghl;bd; xU %ynkdpy; kw;nwhU jPHT
b) i  2

c) 2  i

d) 2i  i

c) x 2  x  7  0

d) x 2  x  7  0

 i 7 vd;w jPh;Tfisf; nfhz;l ,Ugb¢ rkd;ghL
b) x 2  7  0

4-3i kw;Wk; 4+3i vd;w %yq;fisf; nfhz;l rkd;ghL

ax 2  bx  1  0 vd;w rkd;ghl;bd; xU jPh;T

a) (1,1)
80.

c) - 2 i sin(     )

2 22

i
13 13

a) x 2  8x  25  0 b) x 2  8x  25  0
79.

d) 2 i cos n

i13  i14  i15  i16 d; ,iz fyg;ngz;

a) x 2  7  0
78.

c) 2 sin n

d; kjpg;G

xn

i  i 22  i 23  i 24  i 25 d; kjpg;G vd;gJ

a) i  2
77.

d) ehd;fhk; fhy;gFjp

z2

a) 1
76.

c) %d;whk; fhy;gFjp

z1  4  5 i, z 2  3  2 i vdpy; z 1 vd;gJ

a) i
75.

d) -i

a  cos   i sin , b  cos   i sin  c  cos   i sin  vdpy; (a 2 c 2  b 2 ) / abc vd;gJ

a)
74.

d) sin   i cos 

c) i

a) cos 2(     )  i sin(     ) b) 2 cos(     )
73.

c) sin   i cos 

b) cos  i sin

b) -1

x  cos   i sin  vdpy; x n 

a) 2 cos n
72.

1
vd;w Nehf;NfhL d) x 2  y 2  4x  1  0 vd;w tl;lk;
2

 z %d;whk; fhy;gFjpapy; mike;jhy; z mikAk; fhy;gFjp
a) Kjy; fhy;gFjp

71.

c) z 

n
n
vdpy; z1 z 2 .........z 6 vd;gJ
 i sin
3
3

a) 1
70.

2z  1  2 z vdpy; P d; epakg;ghij

b) (1,-1)

c) x 2  8x  25  0

d) x 2  8x  25  0

1 i
aAk; >bAk; nka; vdpy; (a,b) vd;gJ.
1 i

d) (1,0)

c) (0,1)

x 2  6x  k  0 vd;w rkd;ghl;bd; xU %yk; -i +3 vdpy; kd; kjpg;G

a) 5

b)

5

c)

10

d) 10

81.   vd;gJ 1d; Kg;gb %ynkdpy; (1   2 ) 4  (1   2 ) 4 d; kjpg;G

 a) 0

b) 32

c) -16

d) -32

c)  n  1

d)    n1 

82.   vd;gJ 1d; nk; gb %ynkdpy; 

 a) 1   2   4  .........    3   5  .........

b)  n  0

83.   vd;gJ 1d; Kg;gb %ynkdpy; (1 ) (1 2 ) (1 4 )  (1 8 ) d; kjpg;G

a) 9

b) -9

c) 16

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d) 32
Page51

CHAPTER – 4 (பகுமுவை ைடிைக்கணிதம்)
84.

y2  2y  8x  23  0 vd;w

gutisaj;jpd; mr;R
b) x  3

a) y  1
85.

4x  2y  c vd;w

b) xU tl;lk;.

NfhL

y 2  16 x vd;w

a) 1
87.

d)

y 1

16 x 2  3 y 2  32 x  12 y  44  0 vd;gJ
a) xU ePs;tl;lk;

86.

c) x  3

c) xU gutisak;

gutisaj;jpd; njhLNfhL vdpy; c d; kjpg;G.

b) -2

y 2  8x vd;w

d) -4

c) 4

t1  t

gutisaj;jpd;

d) xU mjpgutisak;

kw;Wk; t 2

 3t

vd;w Gs;spfspy; tiuag;gl;l njhLNfhLfs; ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk;

Gs;sp

a)
88.

(6t 2,8t )

b)

y2  4x  4y  8  0 vd;w

y 2  x  4 vd;w

15
4

b) x  

93.

94.

x 2  16 y vd;w

b) (0,4)

x 2  8y  1 vd;w

1 

 1

b)  , 0 
8

2x + 3y + 9 = 0 vd;w NfhL

y 2  8x vd;w

a)(0,-3)

b) (2,4)

x

17
4

d) x 

17
4

c) 6

d) 8

c) (-4,0)

d) (0,-4)

c)

1

 0 , 
8

1

d)  0,  
8

gutisaj;ijj; njhLk; Gs;sp .

9
2

c)   6 , 

d)

9

 ,6 
 2

y 2  12 x

vd;w gutisaj;jpd; Ftpehzpd; ,Wjpg;Gs;spfspy; tiuag;gLk; njhLNfhLfs; re;jpf;Fk; Gs;sp
mikAk; NfhL

b) x+ 3 =0

(-4, 4) vd;w Gs;spapypUe;J

y 2  16 x f;F

b) 30 

9x2  5y2  54 x  40 y  116  0 vd;w

1
3

b)

x2
y2

 1 vd;w
144 169

a) 26, 12
98.

c)

gutisaj;jpd; Kid

a)   ,0 
8

a)

97.

d) 2

gutisaj;jpd; Ftpak;

a) 45 
96.

15
4

b) 4

a) x - 3 =0
95.

( 4t, t 2 )

(2,-3) vd;w Kid x = 4 vd;w ,af;Ftiuiaf; nfhz;l gutisaj;jpd; nrt;tfy ePsk;

a) (4,0)
92.

d)

gutisaj;jpd; ,af;Ftiuapd; rkd;ghL

a) 2
91.

( t 2,4t )

c) 4

b) 6

a) x 
90.

c)

gutisaj;jpd; nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk;

a) 8
89.

( 8t, 6t 2 )

9x2  5y2  180

a) 4

c) y + 3 =0

d) y – 3 = 0

tiuag;gLk; ,U njhLNfhLfSf;F ,ilNaAs;s Nfhzk;
c) 60 

d) 90 

$k;G tistpd; ikaj;njhiyj;jfT (e)d; kjpg;G

2
3

c)

4
9

d)

2
5

ePs;tl;lj;jpd; miu-nel;lr;R kw;Wk; miu-Fw;wr;R ePsq;fs;
b) 13 ,24

c) 12, 26

d) 13, 12

vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; Ftpaq;fSf;fpilNa cs;s njhiyT.
b) 6

c) 8

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d) 2.
Page52

99.

xU ePs;tl;lj;jpd; nel;lr;R kw;Wk; mjd; miu Fw;wr;Rfspd; ePsq;fs; 8,2 KiwNa mjd; rkd;ghLfs; y – 6 = 0
kw;Wk; x + 4 =0 vdpy; ePs;tl;lj;jpd; rkd;ghL
a)

( x  4)2 ( y  6)2

1
4
16

b)

100. 2x  y  c  0 vd;w Neh;;NfhL

101.

d)

( x  4)2 ( y  6)2

1
4
16

vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd;; njhLNfhL vdpy; cd; kjpg;G.

 6

d)  4

c) 36

c) 6

b) 8

9x2  16 y2  144

d) 18

vd;w $k;G tistpd; ,af;F tl;lj;jpd; Muk;
b) 4

d) 5.

c) 3

16 x2  25 y2  400

vd;w tistiuapd; Ftpaj;jpypUe;J xU njhLNfhl;Lf;F tiuag;gLk; nrq;Fj;J NfhLfspd;
mbapd;epakg;ghij
a)

104.

( x  4)2 ( y  6)2

1
16
4

vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; kPJs;s VNjDk; xU Gs;spapypUe;J ( 5 , 0) kw;Wk; ( 5 , 0) vd;w
Gs;spfSf;fpilNa cs;s njhiyTfspd; $Ljy; .

a) 7
103.

c)

4x2  9y2  36

a) 4
102.

4x2  8y2  32

b)

a)  2 3

( x  4)2 ( y  6)2

1
16
4

x2  y2  4

b)

x2  y 2  25

12 y2  4x2  24 x  48 y  127  0 vd;w

a) 4

c)

x2  y2  16

d)

x2  y2  9

mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikaj;njhiy¤jfT.

c) 2

b) 3

d) 6

105. nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Jizar;rpd; ePsj;jpy; ghjp vdf; nfhz;Ls;s mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikaj;njhiyj;jfT
a)
106.

x2
a

2

3
2

y2
b2

b)
 1 vd;w

5
3

c)

3
2

d)

5
2

mjpgutisaj;jpd; kPJs;s VNjDk; xU Gs;spapypUe;J Ftpaj;jpw;F ,ilNaAs;s

njhiyTfspd; tpj;jpahrk; 24 kw;Wk; ikaj;njhiyj;jfT 2 vdpy; mjpgutisaj;jpd; rkd;ghL

a)
107.

b)

5

4
9

b)

x

 

36 y2  25 x2  900  0 vd;w

6
5

d)

x2

c)

y

5
8

d)

x

d)

81
16

12 3

y2
1
12

5

5
8

NfhL xU njhLNfhL vdpy; k d; kjpg;G

2
3

c)

9
4

c) 8x  9y  72  0

d) 8x  9y  72  0

mjpgutisaj;jpd; njhiynjhLNfhLfSf;fpilNaAs;s Nfhzk;

3

a) y   x

8

b) 9x  8y  72  0

a)   2 tan 1 
4
111.

x2
y2

1
12 12 3

mjpgutisaj;jpw;F (2,1) vd;w Gs;spapypUe;J tiuag;gLk; njhLNfhLfspd; njhLehz;

9x  8y  72  0

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
16
9

c)

mjpgutisaj;jpd; ,af;Ftiu

8

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
16
9

a)
110.

y

x2
y2

1
432 144

4x2  y2  36 f;F 5x  2y  4k  0 vd;w

a)

109.

b)

x2  4( y  3)2  16 vd;w

a)
108.

x2
y2

1
144 432

4

b)   2 tan 1 
3
 

c)

2 tan 1

3
4

4

d) 2 tan 1  
3
 

mjpgutisaj;jpd; njhiynjhLNfhLfs;

b)

y

5
x
6

c) y  

36
x
25

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d) y  

25
x
36

Page53

112. (8,0) vd;w Gs;spapypUe;J

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
64 36

mjpgutisaj;jpypUe;J njhiyj;njhLNfhLfSf;F tiuag;gLk;

nrq;Fj;J J}uq;fspd; ngUf;fy; gyd;
a)
113.

25
576

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
16
9

a)

576
25

b)

6
25

c)

25
6

d)

mjpgutisaj;jpd; nrq;Fj;J¤ njhLNfhLfspd; ntl;Lk; Gs;spapd; epakg;ghij.

x2  y2  25

b)

x2  y2  4

c)

x2  y2  3

d)

x2  y2  7

114. x+2y – 5 =0 , 2 x – y + 5 =0 vd;w njhiyj;njhLNfhLfisf; nfhz;l mjpgutisaj;j pd; ikaj;njhiyj;jfT

b)

a) 3

2

c) 3

d) 2

c) 16

d) 8

115. xy = 8 vd;w nrt;tf gutisaj;jpd; miu FWf;fr;rpd; ePsk;

b) 4

a) 2
116.

xy  c 2 vd;w

nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; njhiynjhLNfhLfs;.

a) x  c, y  c

b) x  0, y  c

d)

c) x  c, y  0

x  0, y  0

117. xy = 16 vd;w nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; Kidapd; Maj;njhiyTfs;.

a) (4,4) (-4, -4)

b) (2,8) , (-2,-8)

c) (4,0), (-4,0)

d) (8,0 ) (-8,0).

118. xy = 18 vd;w nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; nrt;tfyj;jpd; xU Ftpak;

a) (6,6)

b) (3,3)

c) (4,4)

d) (5,5)

119. xy = 32 vd;w nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk;.
a) 8 2

b) 32

d) 16

c) 8

120. xy = 72 vd;w jpl;l nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; kPJs;s VNjDk; xU Gs;spapypUe;J tiuag;gLk; njhLNfhL
mjd; njhiyj; njhL NfhLfSld; cz;lhf;Fk; Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; gug;G.
a) 36

b) 18

d) 144

c) 72

3 

121. xy = 9 vd;w nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; kPJs;s  6 ,  vd;w Gs;spapypUe;J tiuag;gLk; nrq;Fj;J>
2 

tistiuia kPz;Lk; re;jpf;Fk; Gs;sp
3
, 24
8

a) 




b)   24 ,

3
8




c)

 3
,  24

 8




d)  24 ,

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3
8




Page54

njhFjp – II
CHAPTER – 5 (ைவக நுண்கணிதம் பயன்போடுகள் I)
01.

x  2 y; y  2 x 3  3x  5 vd;w tistiuapd; rha;T
a) -20

02.

b) 27

r Muk; nfhz;l xU tl;lj;jpd; gug;G A y; Vw;gLk; khWk; tPjk;
a) 2 r

03.

b
x

1
cm / min
50

dr
dt

d) 

x
b

c)

1
cm / min
50

b)

dr
dt

2

x
a

d)

11
cm / min
75

c)

2
cm / min
75

d)

y = 3x² + 3 sin x vd;w tistiuf;F x = 0 y; njhLNfhl;bd; rha;T
b) 2

c) 1

d) -1

y = 3x² vd;w tistiuf;F x d; Maj;njhiyT 2 vdf; nfhz;Ls;s Gs;spapy; nrq;Nfhl;bd; rha;thdJ
b) 1 / 14

c) -1 / 12

d) 1 / 12

y = 2x² -6x-4 vd;w tistiuapy; x mr;Rf;F ,izahfTs;s njhLNfhl;bd; njhLGs;sp
 5 17 

2 2 

 5 17 
,

 2 2 

a)  ,
08.

c)  r 2

XU cUFk; gdpf;fl;b Nfhsj;jpd; fd msT 1nrkP³ / epkplk; vdf; Fiwfpd;wJ. mjd; tpl;lk; 10cm vd
,Uf;Fk; NghJ tpl;lk; FiwAk; NtfkhdJ.

a) 1 / 13
07.

a
x

b)

a) 3
06.

dr
dt

2

a)
05.

b) 2 r

MjpapypUe;J xU Neh;;Nfhl;by; x njhiytpy; efUk; Gs;spapd; jpirNtfk; v vdTk; a+bv =x vdTk;
nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,q;F a kw;Wk; b khwpypfs; mjd; KLf;fkhdJ
a)

04.

d) -21

c) -16

b) 

 5 17 
, 
 2 2 

d)

c) 

 3 17 
 ,

2 2 

y = x³ / 5 vDk; tistiuf;F (-1,-1/5) vd;w Gs;spapy; njhLNfhl;bd; rkd;ghL

b) 5y – 3x = 2

a) 5y + 3x = 2

c) 3x – 5y = 2

d) 3x+3y = 2

09.    = 1 / t vDk; tistiuf;F¥ Gs;sp (-3, -1/3 ) vd;w Gs;spapy; nrq;Nfhl;bd; rkd;ghL
b) 5  27t  80

a) 3  27t  80
10.

x2 y2
x2 y2

 1 kw;Wk;

 1 vDk;
25
9
8
8

a)  4
11.

mx

-mx

 2m 


a) tan-1  m2  1 

12.

13.

x

2/3

+y

2/3

d)  2

c)  6

, m > 1 vd;Dk; tistiufSf;F ,ilgl;l Nfhzk;.
b) tan

 2m 



 1  m2 

-1 

c) tan

 2m 



 1  m2 

-1 

d) tan

2/3

a) x  a sin 3  ; y  a cos3 

b) x  a cos3  ; y  a sin 3 

c) x  a 3 sin  ; y  a 3 cos

d) x  a 3 cos ; y  a 3 sin 

2/3

x +y
rha;T .

2/3

 2m 

 2

 m  1

-1 

= a vDk; tistiuapd; Jiz myFr; rkd;ghLfs;

= a vd;w tistiuapd; nrq;NfhL x mr;Rld; vd;Dk; Nfhzk; Vw;gLj;Jnkdpy;, mr;nrq;Nfhl;bd;
2/3

a)  cot 
14.

d)   1 t

tistiufSf;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;

b)  3

y = e kw;Wk; y = e

c) 3  27t  80

b) tan

c)  tan

d) cot 

xU rJuj;jpd; %iy tpl;lj;jpd; ePsk; mjpfhpf;Fk; tPjk; 0.1 nr.kP/tpehb vdpy; , gf;f msT

15
2

cm Mf

,Uf;Fk;

NghJ mjd; gug;gsT mjpfhpf;Fk; tPjk;?

a) 1.5 nr.kP ² / tpehb.

b) 3 nr.kP ² / tpehb.

c) 3 2 nr.kP ² / tpehb.

d) 0.15 nr.kP ² / tpehb..

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Page55

15.

xU Nfhsj;jpd; fdmsT kw;Wk; Muj;jpNyw;gLk; khWtPjq;fs; vz;zstpy; rkkhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ Nfhsj;jpd;
tisgug;G
b) 1 2

a) 1
16.

x³ -2x² +3x+8 mjpfhpf;Fk; tPjkhdJ x mjpfhpf;Fk; tPjj;ij Nghy; ,Uklq;F vdpy; , x d; kjpg;Gfs;

1

1 

a)   ,3 
3

17.

1 

d)

c)   ,3 
3

b)  ,3 
3

1 
 ,1
3 

xU cUisapd; Muk; 2 nrkP / tpdhb vd;w tPjj;jpy; mjpfhpf;fpd;wJ. mjd; cauk; 3 nrkP / tpdhb vd;w
tPjj;jpy; Fiwfpd;wJ. Muk; 3cm kw;Wk; cauk; 5 cm Mf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mjd; fd mstpd; khWtPjk;.
a) 23 

18.

d) 4 3

c) 4

b) 33 

d) 53 

c) 43 

y = 6x –x³ NkYk; x MdJ tpdhbf;F 5 myFfs; tPjj;jpy; mjpfhpf;fpd;wJ. x = 3 vDk;NghJ mjd; rha;tpd;
khWtPjk;

a) – 90 myFfs; / tpdhb.
19.

b) 16nrkP² / tpehb.

b) 4
3

t

b) tan

x

y = 3e kw;Wk; y =

-1

4
 
3

c)  2

d)  4

b)  4

d)  2

c) 0

c)  tan

b) tan
a
3

d) cot 

-x

e vd;Dk; tistiufs; nrq;Fj;jhf ntl;bf; nfhs;fpd;wd vdpy; , ‘a’ d; kjpg;G

b) 1

c) 1/ 3

d) 3.

s = t³ - 4t² + 7 vdpy; KLf;fk; G+r;rpakhFk; NghJs;s jpirNtfk;
a)

26.

d) -4

xU tistiuapd; nrq;NfhL x mr;rpd; kpif jpirapy; vd;Dk; Nfhzj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. mr;nrq;NfhL
tiuag;gl;l Gs;spapy; tistiuapd; rha;T.

a) -1
25.

c) 0

t

a)  cot 
24.

d) 4 nrkP² / tpehb.

x = e cos t ; y = e sin t vd;w tistiuapd; njhLNfhL x mr;Rf;F ,izahfTs;sJ. vdpy; t d; kjpg;G

a) –  4
23.

c) 2 nrkP²/ tpehb

y² = x kw;Wk; x² = y vd;w gutisaq;fSf;fpilNa Mjpapy; mikAk; Nfhzk;
-1  
a) 2 tan  4 

22.

d) – 180 myFfs; / tpdhb.

y = 8 + 4x – 2x² vd;w tistiu y mr;ir ntl;Lk; Gs;spapy; mikAk; njhLNfhl;bd; rha;T.
a) 8

21.

c) 180 myFfs; / tpdhb

xU fdrJuj;jpd; fdmsT 4 nrkP ³ / tpdhb myFfs; tPjj;jpy; mjpfhpf;fpd;wJ. mf;fdrJuj;jpd; fd msT 8
f.nr.kP Mf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mjd; Gwg;gug;gsT mjpfhpf;Fk; tPjk;

a) 8 nrkP² / tpdhb.
20.

b) 90 myFfs; / tpdhb.

32
3

m / sec

b)

16
3

m / sec

c)

16
3

m / sec

d)

32
3

m / sec

xU Neh;f;Nfhl;by; efUk; Gs;spapd; jpirNtfkhdJ> mf;Nfhl;by; xU epiyg;Gs;spapypUe;J efUk; Gs;spf;F
,ilapy; cs;s njhiytpd; th;f;fj;jpw;F Neh; tpfpjkhf mike;Js;snjdpy; , mjd; KLf;fk; gpd;tUk;
xd;wpDf;F tpfpjkhf mike;Js;sJ.
a) s

27.

d) s .

b) 0

c) 2

d) -2.

a = 0, b = 1 vdf; nfhz;L f(x) = x² + 2x -1 vd;w rhh;gpw;F nyf;uhQ;rpapd; ,ilkjpg;G Njw;wj;jpd; gbAs;s ‘c’ d;
kjpg;G .
a) -1

29.

4

c) s³

y = x² vd;w rhh;gpw;F [-2,2] y; Nuhypd; khwpyp.
a) 2 3 3

28.

b) s²

b) 1

f(x) = cos x / 2 vd;w rhh;gpw;F
a) 0

  , 3  y;

b) 2

c) 0

d) 1/ 2

Nuhy; Njw;wj;jpd;gb mike;j c d; kjpg;G
c)  2

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d) 3  2

Page56

30.

a = 1 kw;Wk; b = 4 vdf; nfhz;L f x  

x vd;w rhh;gpw;F nyf;uhQ;rpapd; ,ilkjpg;G Njw;wj;jpd;gb mikAk;

‘c’ d; kjpg;G

a) 9 / 4
31.

2
lim x
x x
e

x
x
lim a  b
x0 x
x
c d

b) 0

c) log
lim g( x )f (a)  g(a)f ( x )
x a
xa

b) (1,4) 

b) , 0 

 
 0,  y;
 2



 

d) x

-2

c) 4,   

d) vy;yh Gs;spfsplj;Jk;

c) 0,  

d) 2, 


2



 

d)  0,  y; ,wq;Fk;  ,  y; VWk;
4
4 2

b) 4

c) 8

d) 16

c) 40

d) 60

100 kP² gug;G nfhz;Ls;s nrt;tfj;jpd; kPr;rpW Rw;wsT
b) 20

f(x) = x²-4x + 5 vd;w rhh;G [0,3] y; nfhz;Ls;s kPg;ngU ngUk kjpg;G
B) 3

d) 5

c) 4

-x

y = -e vd;w tistiu
a) x > 0 tpw;F Nky;Nehf;fp¡ FopT

b) x > 0 tpw;F fPo;Nehf;fpf; FopT

c) vg;NghJk; Nky;Nehf;fpf; FopT.

D) vg;NghJk; fPo;Nehf;fpf; FopT

gpd;tUk; tistiufSs; vJ fPo;Nehf;fp¡ FopT ngw;Ws;sJ?
b) y = x²

x

c) y = e .

d) y = x² + 2x – 3.

c) x = 12

d) vq;Fkpy;iy

4

y = x vd;w tistiuapd; tisT khw;Wg;Gs;sp
a) x = 0

44.

c) – x²

nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s miu tl;lj;jpd; tpl;lk; 4 nrkP mjDs; tiuag;gLk; nrt;tfj;jpd; ngUk¥gug;G.

a) y = - x²
43.

d) -3

a) 2.

42.

c) 3

b)  0,  y; ,wq;Fk; rhh;G

VWk; rhh;G

a) 10

41.

d; kjpg;G

y = tan x – x vd;w rhh;G

a) 2

40.

log(a / b)
log(c / d)

f(x) = x² vd;w rhh;G ,wq;Fk; ,ilntsp

c)  0,  y; VWk;  ,  y; ,wq;Fk;
4
4 2

39.

d)

f(x) = x² -5x + 4 vd;w rhh;G ,wq;Fk; ,ilntsp .

a)

38.

ab
cd

VWk; rhh;G ?

b) 1/ x

a) ,  
37.

d) 1

0,  y;

gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; vJ

a) ,1  
36.

c) 

b) -5

a) ex
35.

b) 0

f(a) = 2 ; f’ (a) = 1 ; g (a) = -1 ; g’ (a) = 2 vdpy;

a) 5
34.

d) 1 / 4

d; kjpg;G

a) 
33.

c) 1 / 2

d; kjpg;G

a) 2
32.

b) 3 / 2

b) x = 3.

y = ax³ + bx² + cx + d vd;w tistiuf;F x = 1 y; xU tisT khw;Wg;Gs;sp cz;nldpy;
a) a+b = 0

b) a+ 3b = 0

c) 3 a + b = 0

d) 3a + b = 1

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Page57

CHAPTER – 6 (ைவக நுண்கணிதம் பயன்போடுகள் II)
45.

u
x

y

u = x vdpy;

f;F rkkhdJ

a) yxy-1
46.

b) u log x
 4

x-1

4

x y 

1

u=

a)

c) 2

b) 1
2

x y

48.

d) xy

-1 x  y
u = sin  2 2  kw;Wk; f = sin u vdpy; rkgbj;jhd rhh;G f d; gb

a) 0
47.

c) u log y

2

, vdpy;

x

u
x

+y

1
u
2

d) 4

u
y

b) u

c)

3
u
2

d) – u

y 2 (x  2)  x 2 (1 x) vd;w tistiuf;F
a) x mr;Rf;F ,izahd xU njhiynjhLNfhL cz;L

b) y mr;Rf;F ,izahd xU njhiynjhLNfhL cz;L
c) ,U mr;RfSf;Fk; ,izahd njhiynjhLNfhLfs; cz;L
d) njhiynjhLNfhLfs; ,y;iy
49.

x  r cos , y  r sin  vdpy;,
a) sec 

50.

r
x

=
d) cos ec 

c) cos

b) sin 

gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; rhpahd $w;Wfs; :

i) xU tistiu Mjpia¥ nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUg;gpd;, mJ ,U mr;Rfisg; nghWj;Jk; rkr;rPh;
ngw;wpUf;Fk;.
ii) xU tistiu ,U mr;Rfis¥ nghWj;J rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUg;gpd,; mJ Mjpia¥ nghWj;Jk; rkr;rPh;
ngw;wpUf;Fk;..
iii) f(x,y) =0 vd;w tistiu y = x vd;w Nfhl;il¥ nghWj;J rkr;rPh; ngw;Ws;snjdpy; f(x,y) = f(y, x)
iv) f(x,y) =0, vd;w tistiuf;F f(x,y) = f(-y,-x), cz;ikahapd; mJ Mjpia¥ nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUf;Fk.;

a) (ii), (iii)
51.

b) (i), (iv)

xy

a) 0

x

y

b) u

-1

c) 2 u

d) u .

28 d; 11k;gb %y rjtpfpj¥ gpio Njhuhakhf 28 d; rjtpfpj¥ gpioia¥ Nghy; …………. klq;fhFk;.
a) 1/28

53.

d) (ii), (iv)

 x2  y2 
 vdpy; x u  y u vd;gJ
u = log 

52.

c) (i), (iii)

b) 1 / 11

c) 11

d) 28

a²y² = x² (a²-x²) vd;w tistiu
a) x = 0 kw;Wk; x = a f;F ,ilapy; xU fz;zp kl;LNk nfhz;Ls;sJ.
b) x = 0 kw;Wk; x = a f;F ,ilapy; ,U fz;zpfs; nfhz;L cs;sJ.

c) x = - a kw;Wk; x = a f;F ,ilapy; ,U fz;zpfs; nfhz;L cs;sJ.
d) fz;zp VJkpy;iy.
54.

y² (a+2x) = x² (3a-x) vd;w tistiuapd; njhiynjhL¡NfhL
a) x = 3a

b) x = - a / 2

c) x = a / 2

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d) x = 0.
Page58

55.

y² (a+x) = x² (3a-x) vd;w tistiu gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; ve;jg; gFjpapy; mikahJ ?
a) x > 0

56.

u = y sin x , vdpy;

 2u
xy

y

u = f   vdpy;
x

x

u
u
y
x
y

b) cos y

c) sin x

d) 0

c) 2 u

d) u

c) y = x

d) ,U mr;Rfs;.

c) x = 0, x = a.

d) x = 0

b) 1

9y² = x² (4-x²) vd;w tistiu vjw;F¢ rkr;rPh; ?.
a) y mr;R.

59.

d) – a < x < 3a

d; kjpg;G.

a) 0
58.

c) x   a kw;Wk; x  3a

=

a) cos x
57.

b) 0 < x < 3a

b) x mr;R.

ay² = x² (3a-x) vd;w tistiu y mr;ir ntl;Lk; Gs;spfs;.
a) x = - 3a , x = 0

b) x =0, x = 3a.

CHAPTER – 7 (வதோவக நுண்கணிதம் பயன்போடுகள்)
60.

/2

0 cos

cos 5 / 3 x
5/3

x  sin5 / 3 x

dx d; kjpg;G

a)  2
61.

 / 2 sin x  cos x

0 1  sin x cos x

c) 0

d) 

b) 0

c)  4

d) 

b) 1/30

c) 1/ 24

d) 1/ 20

b) 2

c) log 2

d) log 4

b) 3 / 16

c) 0

d) 3 8

b) 1/ 3

c) 0

d) 2  3

b)  2

c)  4

d) 0.

dx d; kjpg;G.

a)  2
62.

b)  4

1

4
 x(1  x ) dx d; kjpg;G.

0

a) 1/ 12
63.

/2 

sin x

 
 dx d; kjpg;G.
  / 2  2  cos x 

a) 0
64.

4
 sin xdx d; kjpg;G

0

a) 3 16
65.

/4

3
 cos 2xdx d; kjpg;G

0

a) 2 / 3
66.

2
3
 sin x cos xdx d; kjpg;G

0

a) 
67.

y = x, vd;w Nfhl;bw;Fk; x mr;R, NfhLfs; x = 1 , x = 2 Mfpatw;wpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l muq;fj;jpd; gug;G.

a) 3 / 2.

b) 5 / 2.

c) 1 / 2

d) 7 / 2

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Page59

68.

x = 0 ypUe;J x =  / 4 tiuapyhd y = sin x kw;Wk; y = cos x vd;w tistiufspd; ,ilg;gl;l gug;G.
a)

69.

x2
a

2

2 1

y2
b2

 1 vd;w

b) 2  1

b) 2a a  b

b) 1 / 6

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
9
16

b) 64

b)

d) 8 / 3

c) 32

d) 128

100

9

c)

100

3

d) 100 / 3

NfhLfs; y = x, y = 1 kw;Wk; x = 0 Mfpait Vw;gLj;Jk; gug;G y mr;ir¥ nghWj;J Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;
fdmsT
b)  2

a)  4
74.

c) 2 / 3

y = 3  x 2 vd;w tistiu x = 0 ypUe;J x = 4 tiu x mr;ir mr;rhf itj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;
fdmsT.
a) 100

73.

d) 2b a  b

tistiuia¡ Fw;wr;ir nghWj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd; fdmsT.

a) 48
72.

c) a a  b

gutisak; y² = x f;Fk; mjd; nrt;tfyj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l gug;G.
a) 4 / 3

71.

d) 2 2  2

ePs;tl;lj;jpw;Fk; mjd; Jiz tl;lj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l gug;G

a) b a  b
70.

c) 2 2  1

x2
a

2

y2
b2

 1 vd;w

c)  3

d) 2  3

ePs;tl;lj;jpd; gug;ig nel;lr;R> Fw;wr;R ,tw;iw¥ nghWj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;

fdmsTfspd; tpfpjk;
a) b² : a²
75.

b) a² : b²

x

2/3

+y

2/3

b) 2

b) 24

d) 9

c) 12

d) 96

y = 2x, x = 0 kw;Wk; x = 2 ,tw;wpw;F ,ilNa Vw;gLk; gug;G x mr;ir¥ nghWj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;
tisg;gug;G

a) 8 5 
78.

c) 36

= 4 vd;w tistiuapd; tpy;ypd; ePsk;

a) 48
77.

d) b : a

(0,0), (3,0) kw;Wk; (3,3) Mfpatw;iw Kidg; Gs;spfshff; nfhz;l Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; gug;G x mr;ir¥ nghWj;J
Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd; fd msT
a) 18

76.

c) a : b

b) 2 5 

5

c)

d) 4 5 

Muk; 5 cs;s Nfhsj;ij¤ jsq;fs; ikaj;jpypUe;J 2 kw;Wk; 4 J}uj;jpy; ntl;Lk; ,U ,izahd
jsq;fSf;fpilg;gl;;l gFjpapd; tisg;gug;G

a) 20

b) 40

c) 10

d) 30

CHAPTER – 8 (ைவகக்வகழு சமன்போடுகள்)
79.

dy
y
 2  e4x vd;w
dx
x

a) log x.
80.

dy
 Py  Q vd;w
dx

a) – cot x.

tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd; njhiff; fhuzp

b) x²

x

c) e .

d) x.

tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd; njhiff; fhuzp cos x vdpy; P d; kjpg;G
b) cot x

c) tan x

d) – tan x.

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Page60

81.

-y

dx + xdy = e sec² y dy d; njhifaPl;Lf; fhuzp
x

-x

a) e .

82.

b) e

dy
1
2

.y 
dx x log x
x2
x

b) log x.

m < 0 Mf ,Ug;gpd;

-y

c) 1/ x

d) e

c) x = my + c

d) x = c

-x

dx
 mx  0 d; jPh;T
dy

my

b) x = ce-my

a) x = ce
84.

d) e

d; njhifaPl;Lf; fhuzp

a) e .
83.

c) ey.

y = cx – c² vd;gij nghJj; jPh;thf¥ ngw;w tiff;nfO rkd;ghL

a) (y’)² - xy’ +y =0

b) y’’ = 0

c) y’=c.

d) (y’)² + xy’ + y = 0

2

85.

86.

 dx 
1/ 3


 x vd;w
 dy   5y

a) thpir 2 kw;Wk; gb 1

b) thpir 1 kw;Wk; gb 2

c) thpir 1 kw;Wk; gb 6

d) thpir 1 kw;Wk; gb 3.

xU jsj;jpy; cs;s x mr;Rf;F¢ nrq;Fj;jy;yhj NfhLfspd; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL
a)

87.

dy
0
dx

b)

tiff;nfO rkd;ghL

d)

d2 y
dx 2

m

c) x d x + y dy = 0

d) x d x – y d y =0

c) e 

d) e P dx

dy
 Py  Q tpd; njhiff; fhuzp
dx
Q dx

2x

b) A cos x + B sin x .

c) (Ax+B)e .

-x

d) (Ax+B)e .

2x

(D² -4D+4) y = e d; rpwg;Gj; jPh;T (PI).
x 2 2x
e
2

2x

-2x

b) xe .

c) xe .

d)

x 2x
e
2

y = mx vd;w Neh;;NfhLfspd; njhFg;gpd; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL
a)

dy
m
dx

b) y d x – x dy = 0

1/ 3

 dy 
1   
 dx 

d2 y
dx 2

a) 1

93.

dy
m
dx

2x

a)

92.

c)

(D² + 1 ) y = e d; epug;G¢ rhh;G
x

91.

0

b)  Qdx

a) (Ax+B)e .
90.

dx

2

b) x dy – y d x = 0

a)  P dx
89.

d2 y

Mjpg;Gs;spia ikakhff; nfhz;l tl;lq;fspd; njhFg;gpd; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL
a) x dy + y d x = 0

88.

tiff;nfOtpd;

d2 y
dx 2

0

d) y d x + x dy = 0

vd;w tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd;gb
b) 2

  dy 3 
1  
 
  dx  

c 
d3 y

c)

d) 6

c) 3

2/3

vd;w tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd;gb ( ,q;F c xU khwpyp )

dx 3

a) 1

b) 3

c) -2

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d) 2.

Page61

94.

xU fjphpaf;f¥ nghUspd; khWtPj kjpg;G > mk;kjpg;gpd; (P) Neh; tpfpjj;jpy; rpijTWfpwJ. ,jw;F Vw;w
tiff;nfO rkd;ghL ( k Fiw vz;)
a)

95.

dp k

dt
p

b)

dy
 y
dx
3x

d2 y
dx

2

b)

 ay  0

dy
xy

dx
xy

d)

d2 y
dx 2

y 0

c)

dy
 ky  0
dx

d)

dy
 e x
dx

d2 y
dx

2

 9y  0

c)

d2 y
dx

9

2

dy
0
dx

d)

d2 y
dx 2

 9x  0

b) y2 - y1 = 0

c) y2 -2y1 +2y = 0

b) x²+y²-x +y = c.

c) x²+y²-2xy = c.

d) y2 -2 y1 -2y = 0

d) x²-y²-2xy = c.

f ' x   x kw;Wk; f(1) = 2 vdpy; f(x) vd;gJ
b)

3
( x x  2)
2

c)

2
( x x  2)
3

d)

2
x( x  2)
3

x² dy + y (x+y) dx= 0 vd;w rkg;gbj;jhd tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;by; y = vx vd gpujpaPL nra;Ak; NghJ fpilg;gJ.

dy
 y tan x  cos x vd;w
dx

b) v dx + (2x +x²) dv = 0

2x

d) v dv + (2x +x²) dx = 0

tanx

b) cos x.

(3D²+D-14) y = 13e

c) v³ dx - (x +x²) dv = 0

tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd; njhiff;fhuzp

a) sec x .

c) e

.

d)cot x.

d; rpwg;G¤ jPh;T

2x

a) 26 x e .
104.

dy
0
dx

vdpy;

a) x dv + (2v +v²) dx = 0

103.

c) y 

x

2
3

102.

dx 2

0

y = e (A cos x + B sin x ) vd;w njhlh;gpy; A iaAk; B iaAk; ePf;fpf; fpilf;Fk; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL.

a)  ( x x  2)
101.

dp
 kt
dt

-3x

a) 2xy + y² - x² = c.
100.

d2 y

dy
 ky
dx

b)

a) y2 + y1 = 0
99.

d)

y = ae + be vd;w rkd;ghl;by; a iaAk; b iaAk; ePf;fpf; fpilf;Fk; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL.
a)

98.

dp
 kp
dt

y  ke x vdpy; mjd; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL.

a)
97.

c)

xy jsj;jpYs;s vy;yh Neh;;NfhLfspd; njhFg;gpd; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL
a) dy  xU khwpyp
dx

96.

dp
 kt
dt

b)

2x

b) 13 x e .

c) x e2x.

d)

x 2 2x
e
2

f(D) = (D-a) g(D), g(a) 0 vdpy; tiff;nfO rkd;ghL f(D) y = e d; rpwg;Gj; jPh;T.
ax

ax

a) me

ax

b) e

/ g(a)

ax

c) g(a) e

d) xeax / g(a)

CHAPTER – 9 (jdpepiy fzf;fpaல்;)
105. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vit $w;Wfs; ?
i) flTs; cd;id Mrph;tjpf;fl;Lk;

ii) Nuhrh xU G+

iii) ghypd; epwk; ntz;ik.

iv) 1 xU gfh vz;

a) (i), (ii), (iii)
106.

b) (i), (ii),(iv)

c) (i), (iii), (iv)

d) (ii), (iii), (iv)

xU $l;Lf; $w;W %d;W jdpf;$w;Wfisf; nfhz;ljhf ,Ug;gpd;> nka;al;ltizapYs;s epiufspd; vz;zpf;if

a) 8

b) 6

c) 4

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d) 2

Page62

107.

108.

p apd; nka;kjpg;G T kw;Wk; q d; nka;kjpg;G F vdpy; gpd;tUtdtw;wpy; vit nka;kjpg;G T vd ,Uf;Fk;?
(i) p v q

(ii) ~ p v q

iii) p v ~q

iv) p ^ ~ q.

a) (i), (ii), (iii)

b) (i), (ii),(iv)

c) (i), (iii), (iv)

d) (ii), (iii), (iv)

c) 6

d) 8.

c) ~p v q.

d) p ^ q.

c) p v ~p

d) p ^ ~p

b) p ^ q

c) p v ~q

d) p ^ ~q

b) q  p

c)  p  q    q  p 

~ [ p ^ (~q) ] d; nka; ml;ltizapy; epiufspd; vz;zpf;if
a) 2

109.

epge;jidf; $w;W p  q f;F rkhdkhdJ
a) p v q.

110.

p  q f;F rkkhdJ

a) p  q
113.

b) a * b = a – b

c) a * b = ab

d) a * b =

a 2  b2

rkdpAila miuf;Fyk; Fykhtjw;F¥ G+Hj;jp nra;a Ntz;ba tpjpahtJ
a) milg;G tpjp

115.

d) p  q   q  p

fPo;f;fz;ltw;wpy; vJ Ry; <UWg;Gr; nrayp my;y ?
a) a * b = ab.

114.

b) p ^ q

gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; vJ Kuz;ghlhFk; ?
a) p v q

112.

b) p v ~ q

gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; vJ nka;ikahFk;?
a) p v q

111.

b) 4

b) NrHg;G tpjp

c) rkdp tpjp

d) vjpHkiw tpjp

c) (Z, .)

d) (R, +)

fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vJ Fyk; my;y ?
a) (Zn, +n).

b) (Z, +)

116. KOf;fspy; * vd;w <UWg;G nrayp a * b = a+ b – ab, vd tiuaWf;fg;gLfpwJ vdpy; 3 * ( 4 * 5) d; kjpg;G

a) 25
117.

c) 3

d) 1.

b) 3

b) [1]

nka;naz;fspd; fzk; R y; * vd;w <UWg;G nrayp a * b =
kjpg;G
a) 5

121.

b) 6

c) 2

d) 1

c) [2]

d) [3]

[ 3 ] + 11( [5] + 11[6]) d; kjpg;G
a) [0]

120.

d) 5

ngUf;fiy¥ nghWj;J¡ Fykhfpa xd;wpd; Kg;gb %yq;fspy;  2 d; thpir
a) 4

119.

c) 10

(Z9, +9) y; [7] d; thpir

a) 9
118.

b) 15

b) 5 2

a 2  b2

vd tiuaWf;fg;gLfpwJ vdpy; (3 *4)* 5 d;

c) 25

d) 50

fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vJ rhp ?
a) xU Fyj;jpd; xU cWg;gpw;F xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l vjph;kiw cz;L.

b) Fyj;jpd; xt;nthU cWg;Gk; mjd; vjph;kiwahf ,Uf;Fnkdpy;, mf;Fyk; xU vgPypad; FykhFk;.
c) nka;naz;fis cWg;Gfshff; nfhz;l vy;yh 2 x 2 mzpf;NfhitfSk; ngUf;fy; tpjpapy; FykhFk;
d) vy;yh a, b  G f;Fk; (a*b) = a * b .
-1

122.

-1

-1

ngUf;fy; tpjpia¥ nghWj;J¡ Fykhfpa xd;wpd; ehyhk; %yq;fspy; – i d; thpir

a)4

b) 3

c) 2

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d) 1
Page63

123. ngUf;fiy¥ nghWj;J¡ Fykhfpa xd;wpd; nk; gb %yq;fspy;  k d; vjph;kiw (k<n)

124.

c)  n  k

b)  1

a)  1 k

d)  n k

KOf;fspy; * vd;w <UWg;G nrayp a * b = a + b – 1 vd tiuaWf;fg;gLfpwnjdpy; rkdp cWg;G

b) 1

a) 0

c) a

d) b

CHAPTER – 10 (நிகழ்தகவுப் பரைல்)

 kx 2, 0  x  3
125 . f(x) = 
vd;gJ epfo;jfT mlh;j;jp¢ rhh;G vdpy; k d; kjpg;G

elsewhere
 0,
a) 1/ 3
126.

f(x) =

c) 1/ 9

b) 1/ 6

d) 1/12.

A

1
,  x   vd;gJ X vd;w njhlh; rktha;g;G khwpapd; xU epfo;jfT mlh;j;jp rhh;G
 16  x 2

(p.d.f) vdpy; A d; kjpg;G
a) 16
127.

c) 4

b) 8

d) 1

X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; epfo;jfT guty; gpd;tUkhW
x
P(X = x)

0

1

2

3

4

5

¼

2a

3a

4a

5a

¼

P  1 x  4 d; kjpg;G
a) 10 / 21
128.

b) 2 / 7

d) 1/ 2

c) 1/ 14

X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; epfo;jfT epiwr;rhh;G guty; gpd;tUkhW.

X

–2

3

1

P(X = x)

 6

 4

 12

  d; kjpg;G



129.

b) 2

a) 1

c) 3

d) 4

X vd;w xU jdpepiy rktha;g;G khwp 0, 1, 2 vd;w kjpg;Gfisf; nfhs;fpwJ. NkYk; P(X = 0) = 144 / 169,
P(X = 1) = 1/169 vdpy; P(X = 2) d; kjpg;G

b) 24 / 169

a) 145 / 169
130.

c) 2 / 169

d) 143 /169

xU rktha;g;G khwp X d; epfo;jfT epiwr; rhh;G (p.d.f) gpd;tUkhW
x

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

P(X = x)

0

K

2k

2k

3k

2k²

7k²+k

k d; kjpg;G
a) 1/ 8
131.

c) 0

d) – 1 or 1/10

c) – 4

d) 2.

E(X + c) = 8 kw;Wk; E (X – c) = 12 vdpy; c d; kjpg;G.

a) – 2
132.

b) 1/ 10

b) 4

X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; 3,4 kw;Wk; 12 Mfpa kjpg;Gfs; KiwNa 1/3, 1 / 4 kw;Wk; 5 / 12 Mfpa epfo;jfTfis¡
nfhs;Snkdpy; E(X) d; kjpg;G.
a) 5

b) 6

c) 7

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d) 3
Page64

133.

X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; gutw;gb 4 NkYk; ruhrhp 2 vdpy; E(X²) d; kjpg;G
a) 2

134.

4

,25 

5

145.

d)

1

 25, 
5

b) 1 / 3

c) 2 / 3

d) 1 / 4.

b) 6

c) 2

d) 256

b) 18 / 125

d) 3 /10

c) 4 /25

b) 26 / 51

c) 25 /51

d) 25 /102

b) log k

c) e 

d) 1 / k

b) 5

c) 30

d) 25

d) Kjypy; VWk; rhh;G gpd;dH ,wq;Fk; rhh;G

gha;]hd; gutypy; gz;gsit  = 0.25 vdpy;, Mjpiag; nghWj;J ,uz;lhtJ tpyf;fg; ngUf;Fj; njhif.

b) 0.3125

c) 0.0625

d) 0.025

xU gha;]hd; gutypy; P(X = 2 ) = P(X = 3) vdpy; gz;gsit  d; kjpg;G

c) 3

b) 2

d) 0

xU ,ay;epiy gutypd; epfo;jfT mlh;j;jp¢ rhh;G f(x) d; ruhrhp  vdpy;
b) 0.5

xU rktha;g;G khwp X ,ay;epiy¥ guty; f(x) =
b)

1
2

 f ( x )dx d; kjpg;G.



c) 0
1/ 2( x 100)2
25
ce

d) 0.25

I gpd;gw;Wfpwnjdpy; c d; kjpg;G

d)

c) 5 2

1
5 2

µ

xU ,ay;epiy khwp X d; epfo;jfT mlh;j;jp¢ rhh;G f(x) kw;Wk; X ~ N , 2 vdpy;  f ( x )dx d; kjpg;G
a) tiuaWf;fg;glhjJ.

150.

1

,25 

5

c) 

b) Fiwah¢ (,wq;fh) rhh;G

a) 2
149.

4

5

c) khwpyp¢ rhh;G

a) 1
148.

a) ,wq;Fk; rhh;G

a) 6
147.

b)  25,

rktha;g;G khwp X d; guty; rhh;G F(X) xU

a) 0.25
146.

d) 9/5

xU rktha;g;G khwp X gha;]hd; gutiy¥ gpd;gw;WfpwJ. NkYk;, E(X²) = 30 vdpy; gutypd; gutw;gb
a) 6

144.

c) 5/9

xU gha;]hd; gutypy; P(X = 0) = k vdpy; gutw;gbapd; kjpg;G

a) log 1/ k
143.

b) 3/5

ed;F fiyf;fg;gl;l 52 rPl;Lfs; nfhz;l rPl;Lf;fl;bypUe;J 2 rPl;Lfs; jpUg;gp itf;fhky; vLf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
,uz;Lk; xNu epwj;jpy; ,Uf;f epfo;jfT.
a) 1 / 2.

142.

d) 0

xU ngl;bapy; 6 rptg;G kw;Wk; 4 nts;isg; ge;Jfs; cs;sd. mtw;wpypUe;J 3 ge;Jfs; rktha;g;G Kiwapy;
jpUg;gp itf;fhky; vLf;fg;gl;lhy; 2 nts;is ge;Jfs; fpilf;f epfo;jfT.
a) 1/20

141.

c) 19

xU gfilia 16 Kiw tPRk; NghJ ,ul;ilgil vz; fpilg;gJ ntw;wpahFk; vdpy; ntw;wpapd; gutw;gb

a) 4
140.

b) 16 Var (X)

xU <UWg;G gutypd; ruhrhp 12 kw;Wk;jpl;l tpyf;fk; 2 vdpy; gz;gsit p d; kjpg;G
a) 1/ 2

139.

d) 1

xU <UWg;G gutypd; ruhrhp 5 NkYk; jpl;ltpyf;fk; 2 vdpy; n kw;Wk; p d; kjpg;Gfs;
a) 

138.

c) 2

xU gfilia 5 Kiw tPRk; NghJ 1 my;yJ 2 fpilg;gJ ntw;wpnadf; fUjg;gLfpwnjdpy; ntw;wpapd;
ruhrhpapd; kjpg;G

a) 5/3
137.

b) 5

Var (4X + 3) d; kjpg;G
a) 7

136.

d) 8

c) 6

xU jdpepiy rktha;g;G khwp X f;F  2  20 NkYk; 2 '  276 vdpy; X d; ruhrhpapd; kjpg;G

a) 16
135.

b) 4

b) 1



c) 0.5

d) – 0.5

400 khzth;fs; vOjpa fzpjj; Njh;tpd; kjpg;ngz;fs; ,ay;epiy¥ gutiy xj;jpUf;fpwJ. ,jd; ruhrhp 65.
NkYk; 120 khzth;fs; 85 kjpg;ngz;fSf;F Nky; ngw;wpUg;gpd; kjpg;ngz;fs; 45 ypUe;J 65 f;Fs; ngWk;
khzth;fspd; vz;zpf;if.
a) 120

b) 20

c) 80

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d) 160

Page65

nghJj; Njh;tpy; [_d; 2015 tiu Nfl;fg;glhj 10 kjpg;ngz; tpdhf;fs;
1. mzpfs; kw;Wk; mzpf;Nfhitfspd; gad;ghLfs; - 18 tpdhf;fs;
3  3 4
1) A = 2  3 4 våš, A(adj A) = (adj A)A = |A| I v‹gij¢ rçgh®¡f. (1.1 – 3)


0  1 1 
 3  3 4
2) A = 2  3 4 - Ï‹ ne®khW fh©f. k‰W« A3 = A - 1 #¢ rçgh®¡f.


0  1 1 

(1.1 – 6)

  1  2  2
3) A =  2 1  2 - Ï‹ nr®¥ò mâ 3AT.vd ãWÎf.


 2  2 1 

(1.1 – 7)

4) A =

1
3

2 1
2
 2 1 2 våš , A- 1 = AT vd ãWÎf.


 1  2 2

(1.1 – 9)

1
1 1

5) A = 1 2  3 våš , A(adj A) = (adj A)A = |A| I3 v‹gij¢ rçgh®¡f. (1.4)


2  1 3 

ne® khW mâ¡ fhzš Kiwæš Ã‹ tU« neça rk‹gh£L¤ bjhF¥òfis¤ Ô®¡fΫ.
6) x + y + z = 9 ;

2x + 5y + 7z = 52 ;

2x + y – z = 0.

(1.2 – 3)

7) 2x – y + z = 7 ;

3x + y – 5z = 13 ;

x+y+ z=5

(1.2 – 4)

ÑnH bfhL¡f¥g£LŸs mrkgo¤jhd neça¢ rk‹gh£L¤ bjhF¥Ãid mâ¡nfhit Kiwæš Ô®¡f
8)

x + 2y + z = 7

9) x + y + 2z = 6

10) x + y + 2z = 4

2x – y + 2z = 4

3x + y – z = 2

2x + 2y + 4z = 8

x + y – 2z = – 1

4x + 2y + z = 8

3x + 3y + 6z = 12

(1.18 – 1)

(1.18 – 2)

(1.18 – 4)

11) x + y + z = 4

12) 3x + y – z = 2

13) x + 2y + z = 6

x–y+z=2

2x – y + 2z = 6

3x + 3y – z = 3

2x + y – z = 1

2x + y – 2z = – 2

2x + y – 2z = – 3

(1.4 – 4)

(1.4 – 6)

(1.4 – 7)

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Page66

ËtU« rk‹gh£L¤ bjhF¥ò xU§fikÎ cilajh v‹gij MuhŒf. xU§fikÎ
cilajhæ‹mjid¤ Ô®¡f.
14) x – 3y – 8z = – 10 ;

3x + y – 4z = 0 ;

2x + 5y + 6z – 13 = 0. (1.5 – 1 (ii))

ËtU« rkgo¤jhd neça rk‹ghLfis¤ Ô®¡fΫ :
15) x + y + 2z = 0 ; 3x + 2y + z = 0 ;
16) x + 2y – 5z = 0 ;

3x + 4y + 6z = 0 ;

2 x + y – z = 0.

(1.21)

x+y+z=0

(1.27)

17) ËtU« rk‹gh£Lfë‹ xU§fikΤ j‹ikia MuhŒf.
2x – 3y + 7z = 5 ;

3x + y – 3z = 13 ;

2x + 19y – 47z = 32.

(1.23)

18) ju¥g£l rk‹gh£L¤ bjhF¥ò xU§fikÎ cilajh vd¢ rçgh®¤J, m›thW xU§fikÎ
cilajhæ‹
mjid¤ Ô®¡fΫ .
x–y+z=5;

–x+y–z=–5;

2x – 2y + 2z = 10.

(1.25)

2. ntf;lh; ,aw;fzpjk; - 0 tpdh
3. fyg;ngz;fs; - 2 tpdhf;fs;
P vD« òŸë fy¥bg© kh¿ z I¡ F¿¤jhš, P Ï‹ ãak¥ghijia¥ ËtUtdt‰¿‰F fh©f.

 z 1
  1.
 zi

1) Re 

 z 1

2) arg 
 .
 z  3  2

(3.11 – (i))

(3.2 – 8(v))

4.gFKiw tbtfzpjk; - 1 tpdh
1)

x 2  4 y 2  8x  16 y  68  0 vD«ÚŸt£l¤Â‹ ika¤ bjhiy¤jfÎ, ika«, Féa§fŸ, KidfŸ
M»at‰iw¡ fh©f. tiugl«tiuf (4.2 – 6 (ii) )

5. tif Ez;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;-I - 15 tpdhf;fs;
1) xU éir ÏG¥gh‹ _y« brY¤j¥gL« fU§fš #šèfŸ édho¡F 30 f.mo Åj« nkèUªJ ÑnH
bfh£l¥gL« nghJ, mit T«ò tot¤ij¡ bfhL¡»wJ. vªneu¤ÂY« m¡T«Ã‹ é£lK« cauK«
rkkhfnt ÏU¡Fkhdhš, T«Ã‹ cau« 10 moahf ÏU¡F« nghJ cau« v‹d Åj¤Âš ca®»wJ
v‹gij¡ fh©f.
(5.1 – 9)
2) x = a (  + sin  ), y = a (1 + cos  ) v‹w JizayF rk‹ghLfis¡ bfh©l tistiu¡F    Ïš
2

bjhLnfhL, br§nfhL M»at‰¿‹ rk‹ghLfis¡ fh©f.

(5.13)

3) 16 x 2  9 y 2 144 v‹w tistiu¡F x1 = 2 k‰w« y1 > 0.vd ÏU¡FkhW (x1, y1) v‹w òŸëæš
tiua¥gL« bjhLnfhL, br§nfhL Ït‰¿‹ rk‹ghLfis¡ fh©f.

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

(5.14)

Page67

4) x = acos  , y = bsin  v‹w JizayF¢ rk‹ghLfis¡ bfh©l ÚŸt£l¤Â‰F  =


. Ïš
4

tiua¥gL« bjhLnfhL, br§nfhL Ït‰¿‹ rk‹ghLfis¡ fh©f.
5) x = a cos4  , y = a sin4  , 0   

(5.15)


v‹w Jiz myF¢ rk‹ghLfis¡ bfh©l tistiu¡F
2

tiua¥g£l
vªjbthU bjhLnfhL« V‰gL¤J« Ma m¢R¤ J©Lfë‹ TLjš a vd¡ fh£Lf. (5.2 – 5)
6) kÂ¥ò¡ fh©f: lim x sin x

(5.35)

x  0

7) f x  x  2 sin x , 0  x  2 v‹gj‹ Û¥bgU bgUk« k‰W« Û¢ÁW ÁWk« M»at‰iw¡ fh©f. (5.48 (a))
ËtU« rh®òfS¡F ÏlŠrh®ªj bgUk k‰W« ÁWk kÂ¥òfis¡ fh©f.
8) x4 – 6x2 .

(5.9 – 3 (iii))

10) sin2  [0,  ].

(5.9 – 3 (v))

9) (x2 – 1)3.

(5.9 – 3 (iv)

11) t + cos t .

(5. 9 – 3 (vi))

12) xU étrhæ br›tf totkhd taY¡F ntèæl nt©oÍŸsJ. m›taè‹ xU g¡f¤Âš MW x‹W
ne®nfh£oš xL»wJ. m¥g¡f¤Â‰F ntè njitæšiy. mt® 2400 mo¡F ntèæl¡ fUÂÍŸsh®.
m›tifæš bgUk gu¥gsÎ bfhŸSkhW cŸs Ús, mfy msÎfŸ v‹d?
13) y = x4 – 4x3 v‹w tistiu¡F¡ FêÎ k‰W« tisÎ kh‰W¥ òŸëfisÍ« gçnrh¡f.

(5.52)
(5.63)

2

14) fhìa‹ tistiu y = e x vªj Ïilbtëfëš FêÎ, FéÎ mil»wJ v‹gijÍ« tisÎ kh‰W¥
òŸëfisÍ« fh©f.

(5.64)

15) f    sin 2 ; 0 ,   v‹w tistiu¡F FêÎ k‰W« tisÎ kh‰W¥ òŸëfisÍ« gçnrh¡f.
(5.11 – 5)

6. tif Ez;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs;-II - 2 tpdhf;fs;
1) w = u2ev, v‹w rh®Ãš u =

w
w
x
k‰W« v = y log x vDkhW ÏU¥Ã‹
k‰W«
fh©f.
x
y
y

 2u
 2u

2) u  sin 3x cos 4 y v‹w rh®Ã‰F
v‹gij¢ rçgh®¡f.
x y y x

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

(6.18)

6.3-1 (iii)

Page68

7. njhif Ez;fzpjk; gad;ghLfs; - 4 tpdhf;fs;
1) y = x + 1 v‹w nfh£o‰F« sy = x2 – 1 v‹w tistiu¡F« Ïilna cŸs mu§f¤Â‹ gu¥ig¡ fh©f.
(7.26)
2) tistiu y2 = x k‰W« y = x – 2 v‹w nfh£odhš milgL« gu¥Ãid¡ fh©f.

(7.28)

2
2
3) x  y  1 v‹w ÚŸt£l¤Âdhš cUthF« mu§f¤Â‹ gu¥ig¡ fh©f.
2
2

(7.31)

a

b

4) y2 = (x – 5)2 (x – 6) v‹w tistiu¡F Kiwna (i) x = 5 k‰W« x = 6
(ii) x = 6 k‰W« x = 7 M»a nfhLfS¡F Ïilnaahd gu¥òfis¡ fh©f.

(7.32)

8. tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghLfs; - 4 tpdhf;fs;

1) Ô®¡f : 2 xy  x dy  y dx  0

(8.13)

2) x = 0 Mf ÏU¡F« nghJ y = 1 vd ÏU¡Fkhdhš (1 + ex/y) dx + ex/y (1 – x/y) dy = 0 v‹w rk‹gh£o‹
ԮΠfh©f.
3) Ô®¡f:

(8.3 -15)

dy y
  sin ( x 2 )
dx x

(8.4 -5)

4) xU nehahëæ‹ ÁWÚçèUªJ ntÂ¥bghUŸ btënaW« mséid¤ bjhl®¢Áahf¡ nf¤njl® v‹w
fUéæ‹ _y« f©fhâ¡f¥gL»wJ t = 0 v‹w neu¤Âš nehahë¡F 10 ä.»uh« ntÂ¥bghUŸ
bfhL¡f¥gL»wJ.
ÏJ –3t1/2 ä.»uh«/kâ v‹D« Åj¤Âš btënaW»wJ våš,
(i) neu« t > 0 vD« nghJ, nehahëæ‹ clèYŸs ntÂ¥bghUë‹ msit¡ fhQ« bghJ¢ rk‹ghL
v‹d?
(ii) KGikahf ntÂ¥ bghUŸ btënaw vL¤J¡ bfhŸS« Fiwªjg£r¡ fhy msÎ v‹d?

(8.38)

9. jdpepiyf; fzf;fpay; - 1 tpdh

1) G  a  b 2 / a, b  Q v‹gJ T£liy¥ bghW¤J xU Kot‰w vÕèa‹ Fy« vd¡ fh£Lf.

(9.22)

10. epfo;jfTg; guty; - 0 tpdh

**********************************************************

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

Page69

10 kjpg;ngz; khjphpj; Njh;Tfs;
TEST - 1
1.

vd ntf;lH Kiwapy; ep&gp.

2.
3.

vd;w Gs;sp topr; nry;tJk;

kw;Wk;

vd;w NfhLfSf;F

,izahdJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.
kw;Wk;
vd;w Gs;spfs; topNa; nry;yf; $baJk;
nrq;Fj;jhfTk; mike;j jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f

vd;w jsj;jpw;Fr;

4.
vdpy;

vd rhpghHf;f.

5. ntl;Lj;Jz;L tbtpy; xU jsj;jpd; rkd;ghl;ilj; jUtpf;f.

TEST – 2
6.

vd ntf;lH Kiwapy; ep&gp.

7.

vd;w Nfhl;il cs;slf;fpaJk;

vd;w Nfhl;bw;F ,izahdJkhd jsj;jpd;

ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

8.

vd;w Nfhl;il cs;slf;fpaJk;

vd;w Gs;sp topNa nry;yf; $baJkhd jsj;jpd;

ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

9.

kw;Wk;

vd;w NfhLfs; ntl;bf; nfhs;Sk; vdf; fhl;Lf. NkYk; mit

ntl;Lk; Gs;spiaf; fhz;f.

10.

kw;Wk;
Mfpatw;iw epiy ntf;lHfshff; nfhz;l Gs;spfs;
topNa nry;Yk; jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

TEST – 3
11.

vd ntf;lH Kiwapy; ep&gp.

12.

topNa nry;yf;$baJk;

kw;Wk;

Mfpa NfhLfSf;F

,izahf cs;sJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.
13.
kw;Wk;
Mfpa Gs;spfs; têNa nry;yf; $baJk;
nrq;Fj;jhf miktJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f.

vd;w jsj;jpw;F¢

vdpy;,

14.
vd¢ rhpghHf;f.

15. xU Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Fj;Jf;NfhLfs; xNu Gs;spapy; re;jpf;Fk; vd;gjid ntf;lH Kiwapy; epWTf.

TEST – 4
16.
17.

vd ntf;lH Kiwapy; ep&gp.
vd;w Gs;sp topr; nry;tJk;
kw;Wk;
Mfpa jsq;fSf;Fr;
nrq;Fj;jhdJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

18.

kw;Wk;

vd;w Gs;spfs; topNa nry;yf;$baJk;

vd;w Nfhl;bw;F

,izahdJkhd jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad; rkd;ghLfisf; fhz;f.

19.

kw;Wk;

vd;w NfhLfs; ntl;Lk; vdf; fhl;b, mit ntl;Lk; Gs;spiaf;

fhz;f.

20.

kw;Wk;
rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f.

Mfpa Gs;spfs; topNa nry;yf;$ba jsj;jpd; ntf;lH kw;Wk; fhHBrpad;

khepyf; fy;tpapay; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdk; - fw;wy; fl;lfk; +2 fzpjtpay; 2015-16

Page70

TEST - 5
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

vd;w gutisaj;jpd; mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiuapd; rkd;ghL> nrt;tfyj;jpd;
rkd;ghL> nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tiuglk; tiuf.
vd;w gutisaj;jpd; mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiuapd; rkd;ghL>
nrt;tfyj;jpd; rkd;ghL> nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tiuglk; tiuf.
vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
vd;w mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
vd;w NeHNfhL ePs;tl;lk;
f;F njhLNfhlhf cs;sJ vd ep&gpf;f. NkYk; njhLk;
Gs;spiaAk; fhz;f

TEST – 6
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

vd;w gutisaj;jpd; mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiuapd; rkd;ghL>
nrt;tfyj;jpd; rkd;ghL> nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tiuglk; tiuf
vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
vd;w mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
vd;w mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikak;
NkYk;
topNa nry;fpwJ. ,jd; njhiyj; njhLNfhLfs;
kw;Wk;
Mfpatw;wpw;F ,izahf ,Uf;fpd;wd. vdpy;,
mjpgutisaj;jpd; rkd;ghL; fhz;f.

TEST – 7
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.

vd;w gutisaj;jpd; mr;R> Kid> Ftpak;> ,af;Ftiuapd; rkd;ghL> nrt;tfyj;jpd;
rkd;ghL> nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tiuglk; tiuf.
vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
vd;w mjpgutisaj;jpd; ikaj; njhiyj;jfT> ikak;> Ftpaq;fs;> cr;rpfs;
Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f. NkYk; mjd; tistiuia tiuf.
vd;w NeH;NfhL mjpgutisak;
-Ij; njhLfpwJ vd ep&gpf;f NkYk; njhLk;
Gs;spiaAk; fhz;f.
-I xU njhiyj; njhLNfhlhfTk;>
kw;Wk;
vd;w Gs;spfs; topNa
nry;yf;$baJkhd nrt;tf mjpgutisaj;jpd; rkd;ghL fhz;f .

TEST – 8
36. xU uapy;Nt ghyj;jpd; Nky; tisT gutisaj;jpd; mikg;igf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. me;j tistpd; mfyk;
mbahfTk; mt;tistpd; cr;rpg;Gs;spapd; cauk; ghyj;jpypUe;J
mbahfTk; cs;sJ vdpy;> ghyj;jpd;
kj;jpapypUe;J ,lg;Gwk; my;yJ tyg;Gwk;
mb J}uj;jpy; ghyj;jpd; Nky; tisT vt;tsT cauj;jpy;
,Uf;Fk; vdf; fhz;f.
37. xU tisT miu-ePs;tl;l tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ. mjd; mfyk;
mb cauk;
mb jiuapypUe;J
mb
cauj;jpy; tistpd; mfyk; vd;d?
38. xU ePs;tl;lg; ghijapd; Ftpaj;jpd; G+kp ,Uf;FkhW xU Jizf;Nfhs; Rw;wp tUfpwJ. ,jd; ikaj; njhiyj;
jfT
MfTk; G+kpf;Fk; Jizf; NfhSf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l kPr;rpW J}uk;
fpNyh kPl;lHfs; MfTk;
,Uf;Fkhdhy; G+kpf;Fk; Jizf;NfhSf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l mjpfgl;r J}uk; vd;d?
39. xU Nfh-Nfh tpisahl;L tPuH tpisahl;Lg; gapw;rpapd;NghJ mtUf;Fk; Nfh-Nfh Fr;rpfSf;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s
J}uk; vg;nghOJk; 8kP Mf ,Uf;FkhW czHfpwhH. mt;tpU Fr;rpfSf;F ,ilg;gl;l J}uk; kP vdpy; mtH
XLk; ghijapd; rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f.
40. xU njhq;F ghyj;jpd; fk;gp tlk; gutisa tbtpypYs;sJ. mjd; ePsk;
kPl;lH MFk;. topg;ghijahdJ
fk;gp tlj;jpd; fPo;kl;lg; Gs;spapypUe;J
kPl;lH fPNo cs;sJ. fk;gp tlj;ijj; jhq;Fk; J}z;fspd; cauq;fs;
kPl;lH vdpy;>
kPl;lH cauj;jpy; fk;gp tlj;jpw;F xU Jiz¤jhq;fp $Ljyhff; nfhLf;fg;gl;lhy;
mj;Jizj;jhq;fpapd; ePsj;ijf; fhz;f.

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TEST – 9
41. xU uhf;nfl; ntbahdJ nfhSj;Jk;NghJ mJ xU gutisag; ghijapy; nry;fpwJ. mjd; cr;r cauk; kP-I
vl;Lk;NghJ mJ nfhSj;jg;gl;l ,lj;jpypUe;J fpilkl;l J}uk; kP njhiytpYs;sJ. ,Wjpahf fpilkl;lkhf
kP njhiytpy; jiuia te;jilfpwJ. vdpy;, Gwg;gl;l ,lj;jpy; jiuAld; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk;vwpNfhzk; fhz;f.
42. xU thy; tpz;kPd; MdJ #hpaidr; Rw;wp gutisag; ghijapy; nry;fpwJ. kw;Wk; #hpad; gutisaj;jpd;
Ftpaj;jpy; mikfpwJ. thy; tpz;kPd; #hpadpypUe;J 80 kpy;ypad; fp.kP njhiytpy; mike;J ,Uf;Fk; NghJ
thy; tpz;kPidAk; #hpaidAk; ,izf;Fk; NfhL ghijapd; mr;Rld;
Nfhzj;jpid Vw;gLj;Jkhdhy;
thy;
tpz;kPdpd; ghijapd; rkd;ghl;ilf; fhz;f. thy; tpz;kPd; #hpaDf;F vt;tsT mUfpy; tuKbAk;
vd;gijAk; fhz;f.
(ghij tyJGwk; jpwg;Gilajhf nfhs;f).
43. xU ghyj;jpd; tisthdJ miu ePs;tl;lj;jpd; tbtpy; cs;sJ. fpilkl;lj;jpy; mjd; mfyk;
mbahfTk;
ikaj;jpypUe;J mjd; cauk;
mbahfTk; cs;sJ vdpy;, ikaj;jpypUe;J tyJ my;yJ ,lg;Gwj;jpy;
mb J}uj;jpy; cs;s jiug;Gs;spapypUe;J ghyj;jpd; cauk; vd;d?
44. xU tisT miu-ePs;tl;l tbtj;jpy; cs;sJ. mjd; mfyk;
mb cauk;
mb jiuapypUe;J
mb
cauj;jpy; tistpd; mfyk; vd;d?

TEST – 10
45. jiukl;lj;jpypUe;J
kP cauj;jpy; jiuf;F ,izahf nghUj;jg;gl;l xU FohapypUe;J ntspNaWk; ePH
jiuiaj; njhLk; ghij xU gutisaj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. NkYk;,,e;j¥ gutisag; ghijapd; Kid
Fohapd; thapy; mikfpwJ. Foha; kl;lj;jpw;F
kP fPNo ePhpd; gha;thdJ Fohapd; Kid topahfr; nry;Yk;
epiy¡ Fj;Jf;Nfhl;bw;F
kPl;lH J}uj;jpy; cs;sJ vdpy; Fj;Jf; Nfhl;bypUe;J vt;tsT J}uj;jpw;F mg;ghy;
ePuhdJ jiuapy; tpOk; vd;gijf; fhz;f.
46. xU njhq;F ghyj;jpd; fk;gp tlk; gutisa tbtpYs;sJ. mjd; ghuk; fpilkl;lkhf rPuhf ¥ gutpAs;sJ.
mijj; jhq;Fk; ,U J}z;fSf;F ,ilNaAs;s J}uk;
mb. fk;gp tlj;ijj; jhq;Fk; Gs;spfs; J}zpy;
jiuapypUe;J
mb cauj;jpy; mike;Js;sd. NkYk; jiuapypUe;J fk;gp tlj;jpd; jho;thd Gs;spapd;
cauk;
mb> fk;gptlk;
mb caj;jpy; jhq;Fk; fk;gj;jpw;F ,ilNa cs;s nrq;Fj;J ePsk; fhz;f.
(jiuf;F ,izahf)
47. #hpad; Ftpaj;jpypUf;FkhW nkHf;Fhp fpufkhdJ #hpaid xU ePs;tl;lg; ghijapy; Rw;wp tUfpwJ. mjd;
miu nel;lr;rpd; ePsk;
kpy;ypad; iky;fs; MfTk; ikaj; njhiyj; jfT
MfTk; ,Uf;Fkhapd;
nkHf;Fhp fpufkhdJ #hpaDf;F kpf mUfhikapy; tUk;NghJ cs;s J}uk;
nkHf;Fhp fpufkhdJ #hpaDf;F kpfj; njhiytpy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ cs;s J}uk; Mfpatw;iwf; fhz;f.
48. xU rkjsj;jpd; Nky; nrq;Fj;jhf mike;Js;s Rthpd; kPJ
kP ePsKs;s xU VzpahdJ jsj;jpidAk;>
Rtw;wpidAk; njhLkhW efHe;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwJ vdpy;> Vzpapd; fPo;kl;l KidapypUe;J kP J}uj;jpy;
Vzpapy; mike;Js;s vd;w Gs;spapd; epakg;ghijiaf; fhz;f.

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6 kjpg;ngz; khjphpj; Njh;Tfs;
TEST - 11
1 2
0  1
1
1 1
1. A  
kw;Wk; B  
vd;gij¢ rhpghh;.

 vdpy;;  AB   B A
1 1
1 2 

3 1  1


2. A  2  2 0  vd;w mzpapd; NeHkhW mzpiaf; fhz;f.
1 2  1
a b 
3. (i) A  
 vd;w mzpapd; NrHg;G mzpiaf; fhz;f.
c d 

(ii) mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy; jPHf;f: x  y  3 ; 2x  3y  7
1 2 
 vdpy;> A adj A  adj A A  A I 2 vd;gjidr; rhpghH.
 1  4

4. A  

5. (i) jPHf;f: x  y  2z  0 ; 2x  y  z  0 ; 2x  2y  z  0
(ii) mzpf;Nfhit Kiwapy; jPHf;f: x  y  2 ; 3y  3x  7
6. mzpfspd; NeHkhWfSf;Fhpa thpirkhw;W tpjpapid vOjp ep&gp.
 2  1
7. (i) 
 vd;w mzpapd; NeHkhW mzpiaf; fhz;f.
 4 2 

 1 2 3 


(ii)  2 4  6 vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.
 5
1  1
3 1  5  1


8. 1  2 1  5 vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.
1 5  7 2 
9. x  y  2z  4 ; 2x  2y  4z  8 ; 3x  3 y  6z  10 ; vd;w mrkgbj;jhd rkd;ghl;Lj; njhFg;gpid¤ jPHf;f :
10. NeHkhW mzpfhzy; Kiwapy; jPHf;f : x  y  3 , 2 x  3 y  8

TEST – 12
1.  p  q   ~ q  ,d; nka; ml;ltizia mikf;f.
2.

 pq   r

3. p  q 

-,d; nka; ml;ltizia mikf;f.

  ~ p q    ~ q  p  vdf;

4.

 p  ~ q   ~ p  q

5.

 ~ p  q   p

fhl;Lf.

nka;ikah my;yJ Kuz;ghlh vd;gjid nka; ml;ltiziaf; nfhz;L jPHkhdpf;f.

nka;ikah my;yJ Kuz;ghlh vd;gjid nka; ml;ltiziaf; nfhz;L jPHkhdpf;f.

6. 1 ,d; 3 Mk; gb %yq;fs; xU Kbthd vgPypad; Fyj;ij¥ ngUf;fypd; fPo; mikf;Fk; vdf; fhl;Lf.
7.  Z ,   xU Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; vd epWTf.
8. (i) xU Fyj;jpd; rkdp cWg;G xUikj;jd;ik tha;e;jJ vd ep&gp.
(ii) xU Fyj;jpy; xt;nthU cWg;Gk; xNunahU vjpHkiwiag; ngw;wpUf;Fk; vd ep&gp.

9. vjpHkiw tpjpapid vOjp ep&gp.
10.({ 1, - 1, i , - i }, .) vd;w Fyj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU cWg;Gf;Fk; tupiriaf;

fhz;f.

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Page73

TEST – 13
1 2 3

1. (i) 0 5 0 vd;w mzpapd; NrHg;G mzpiaf; fhz;f.


2 4 3

(ii) 3x  2y  5 ; x  3y  4 vd;w mrkgbj;jhd Nehpar; rkd;ghl;Lj; njhFg;gpid mzpNfhit Kiwapy; jPHf;f.
6 12 6

2 1 vd;w mzpapd; juk; fhz;f.
4 8 4

2.  1

1

 2

0  vd;w mzpapd; NeHkhW mzpiaf; fhz;f.
 2 1 
2

3.  1 3

 0

1 2 
4. A  
 vd;w mzpapd; NrHg;igf; fz;L> A ( adj A )  ( adj A ) A  A  vd;gijr; rhpghHf;f.
3  5

5. x  y  z  7 ; x  2y  3z  18 ; y  2z  6 vd;w rkd;ghLfspd; njhFg;G xUq;fikT cilajh vd;gij Muha;f.
xUq;fikT cilajhapd; mtw;iwj; jPHf;f
6. NeHkhW mzpfhzy; Kiwapy; jPHf;f : 7x  3y  1, 2x  y  0
5 2
 2  1
T
T T
7. A  
 kw;Wk; B   1 1  vdpy;  AB   B A rhpghH.
7
3



8. 4x  5y  9 ; 8x  10 y  18 vd;w mrkgbj;jhd Nehpar; rkd;ghl;Lj; njhFg;gpid mzpNfhit Kiwapy; jPHf;f.
5 2
 2  1
9. A  
kw;Wk; B  

 vdpy;
7 3 
 1 1 

10.

  1 2  2
-f;F>
A   4  3 4 
 4  4 5 

 AB 1  B 1 A 1 rhpghH.

A  A 1 vdf; fhl;Lf.

TEST – 14
1.  p  q    ~ q  ,d; nka; ml;ltizia mikf;f.
2.

 pq   r

,d;

$w;WfSf;F nka; ml;ltizfis mikf;f.

3. p  q   p  q    q  p  vdf; fhl;Lf.
4.

 ~ p  q    p   ~ q  xU

5.

 p   ~ p    ~ q  p 

nka;ikah vd;gjid nka; ml;ltiziaf; nfhz;L jPHkhdpf;f.

nka;ikah my;yJ Kuz;ghlh vd;gjid nka; ml;ltiziaf; nfhz;L jPHkhdpf;f.

6. 1 ,d; 4-Mk; gb %yq;fs; ngUf;fypd; fPo; vgPypad; Fyj;ij mikf;Fk; vd epWTf.
7. R  0, . Kbtw;w vgPypad; Fyk; vdf; fhl;Lf. ,q;F ‘.’ vd;gJ tof;fkhd ngUf;fiyf; Fwpf;Fk;.
8. (i) xU Fyj;jpy; cs;s a f;F>

a 

1 1

 a  a  G , vd ep&gp.

(ii) ({ 1, ω, ω2 }, .) vd;w Fyj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU cWg;Gf;Fk; tupiriaf;

fhz;f.

9. Fyj;jpd; ePf;fy; tpjpfis vOjp mjpy; VNjDk; xd;wpid epWTf.
10. (Z5 – {[0]},

.

5)

Fyj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU cWg;Gf;Fk; tupiriaf;

fhz;f.

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Page74

1 kjpg;ngz; khjphpj; Njh;Tfs;
Question Paper - 1

1. A = [ 2 0 1 ] vdpy; AA T d; juk; fhz;f
a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 0

2. xU jpirapyp mzpapd; thpir 3, k  0 vdpy; A 1 vd;gJ.
a)

1
k2

I

b)

 0 0 1


 0 1 0  vd;w
 1 0 0

3.

 1 0 0

b)

 0 0 1

A 

T 1

c)

1
k

I

d) k I

 0 0 1


 0 1 0
  1 0 0

 0 0 1

c)  0 1 0 

d)

c) A

d)

 1 0 0

b) AT



a kw;Wk; b

A 

1 T

 

,uz;L XuyF ntf;lH kw;Wk; vd;gJ mtw;wpw;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk; a  b MdJ XuyF

ntf;luhapd;
a)  

 1 0 0 


 0  1 0
 0 0 1

=

a) A 1
5.

I

mzpapd; Neh;khW

a)  0 1 0 
4.

1
k3


3


4

b)  

c)  


2

d)  

2
3

3 i  j  k vd;w ntf;liu xU %iy tpl;lkhfTk; i  3 j  4 k I xU gf;fkhfTk; nfhz;l ,izfuj;jpd; gug;G

6.

a) 10 3

b) 6 30

c)

3
30
2

d) 3 30

a  ( b  c )  b  ( c  a)  c  (a  b)  x  y vdpy;

7.

a) x  0

b) y  0

c) x k; y k; ,izahFk;

d) x  0 my;yJ y  0 my;yJ x k; y k; ,izahFk;

a  b , b  c , c  a =64 vdpy; a , b,c  d;

8.

a) 32

kjpg;G

b) 8

c) 128

d) 0

c) 3

d) 4

a  j  2 k kw;Wk; b  2 i  k vdpy; a  b ,d; kjpg;G

9.

a) 2

b) -2

10. a  i  2 j  k kw;Wk; b  4 i  4 j  7 k vdpy; a  b ,d; kjpg;G
a) 19

b) 3

c) -19

d) 14

3
11. e 3i  / 4 vd;w fyg;ngz;zpd; kl;L tPr;R KiwNa

a) e 9 ,


2

b) e 9 ,


2

c) e 6 ,

3
4

d) e 9 ,

3
4

12. (2m + 3) + i( 3n-2) vd;w fyg;ngz;zpd; ,iznad; (m-5) + i ( n+4) vdpy; (n,m) vd;gJ.
 1

a)  ,8 
 2

 1 
b)  , 8 
 2 

1

c)  ,8 
2

1 
d)  , 8 
2 

c) 0

d)

13. z fyg;ngz;izf; Fwpg;gnjdpy; arg ( z)  arg ( z ) vd;gJ
a)


4

b)


2

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3

Page75

.14. 3   7 ,d; fyg;ngz; tbtk;
a)  3  i 7
15. y2

 8x vd;w

16. y2

t1  t

gutisaj;jpd;

(6t 2,8t )

a)

c) 3  i 7

b) 3  i 7

b)

kw;Wk; t 2

 3t

vd;w Gs;spfspy; tiuag;gl;l njhLNfhLfs; ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk; Gs;sp

( 8t, 6t 2 )

 x  4 vd;w

gutisaj;jpd; nrt;tfyj;jpd; ePsk;

15
4

b) x  

a) x 

17. 2x + 3y + 9 = 0 vd;w NfhL

15
4

y 2  8x vd;w

a)(0,-3)

d) 3  i 7

c)

( t 2,4t )

c) x  

d)

17
4

( 4t, t 2 )

d) x 

17
4

gutisaj;ijj; njhLk; Gs;sp .

b) (2,4)

9

9

c)   6 , 
2

d)  ,6 
 2

c) (0,0)

d) (1,0)

2

18. y  4 x vd;w gutisaj;jpd; Ftpak;
a) (0,1)

b) (1,1)

19.y = 3x² + 3 sin x vd;w tistiuf;F x = 0 y; njhLNfhl;bd; rha;T
a) 3

b) 2

c) 1

d) -1

20. y = 2x² -6x-4 vd;w tistiuapy; x mr;Rf;F ,izahfTs;s njhLNfhl;bd; njhLGs;sp
 5 17 

 5 17 

a)  ,

2 2 
21. x

2/3

+y

2/3

b)  ,

 2 2 

 5 17 

c)  , 
 2 2 

 3 17 

d)  ,

2 2 

= a vd;w tistiuapd; nrq;NfhL x mr;Rld; vd;Dk; Nfhzk; Vw;gLj;Jnkdpy;, mr;nrq;Nfhl;bd; rha;T.
2/3

a)  cot 

b) tan

c)  tan

d) cot 

22. xU ePHj; njhl;bapd; cauk; “ h “ vd;f. mj;njhl;bapd; mOj;jk; “ p “ MdJ cauj;ijg; nghWj;J khWk; tPjk;
a)

dh
dt
y

23. u = x vdpy;

b)
u
x

dp
dt

c)

dh
dp

d)

dp
dh

f;F rkkhdJ

y-1

a) yx .

b) u log x

c) u log y

x-1

d) xy .

24. y 2 (x  2)  x 2 (1 x) vd;w tistiuf;F
a) x mr;Rf;F ,izahd xU njhiynjhLNfhL cz;L
b) y mr;Rf;F ,izahd xU njhiynjhLNfhL cz;L
c) ,U mr;RfSf;Fk; ,izahd njhiynjhLNfhLfs; cz;L
d) njhiynjhLNfhLfs; ,y;iy
 / 2 sin x  cos x

25.

0 1  sin x cos x

dx d; kjpg;G.

a)  2

b) 0

c)  4

d) 

b) 3 / 16

c) 0

d) 3 8

b)  2

c)  4

d) 0.

c) f x    f x 

d) f  x   f x 

26.  sin4 xdx d; kjpg;G
0

a) 3 16

27.  sin2 x cos 3 xdx d; kjpg;G
0

a) 
2a

a

0

0

28.  f x  dx  2  f x  dx vd ,Uf;f Ntz;Lkhapd;
a) f 2a  x   f x 

b) f a  x   f x 

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Page76

-y

29. dx + xdy = e sec² y dy d; njhifaPl;Lf; fhuzp
x

-x

a) e .

30.  dx 

2

 dy 

y

b) e .
 5y1/ 3  x vd;w

c) e .

-y

d) e .

tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd; thpir kw;Wk; gb

a) thpir 2 kw;Wk; gb 1

b) thpir 1 kw;Wk; gb 2

c) thpir 1 kw;Wk; gb 6

d) thpir 1 kw;Wk; gb 3.

31. xU jsj;jpy; cs;s x mr;Rf;F nrq;Fj;jy;yhj NfhLfspd; tiff;nfO¢ rkd;ghL
a)

dy
0
dx

32. y  4

b)

d2 y
dx

2

0

c)

dy
m
dx

d)

d2 y
dx 2

m

dy
dx
vd;w tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghl;bd; thpir kw;Wk; gb
 3x
dx
dy

a) 2, 1

b) 1 ,2

c) 1 ,2

d) 2,2

33. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vit $w;Wfs; ?
i) flTs; cd;id Mrph;tjpf;fl;Lk;

ii) Nuhrh xU G+

iii) ghypd; epwk; ntz;ik.

iv) 1 xU gfh vz;

a) (i), (ii), (iii)

b) (i), (ii),(iv)

c) (i), (iii), (iv)

d) (ii), (iii), (iv)

b) p ^ q

c) p v ~q.

d) p ^ ~q.

b) q  p

c)  p  q    q  p 

d) p  q   q  p

34. gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; vJ Kuz;ghlhFk; ?
a) p v q.
35. p  q f;F rkkhdJ
a) p  q

36. gpd;tUk; $w;Wfspd; nka;kjpg;Gfs;
i) nrd;id ,e;jpahtpy; cs;sJ my;yJ 2 xU KO vz;
ii) nrd;id ,e;jpahtpy; cs;sJ my;yJ 2 xU tpfpjKwh vz;
iii) nrd;id rPdhtpy; cs;sJ my;yJ 2 xU KO vz;
iv) nrd;id rPdhtpy; cs;sJ my;yJ 2 xU tpfpjKwh vz;
a) T F T F

b) T F F T

c) F T F T

d) T T F T

2

37. f(x) =  kx , 0  x  3 vd;gJ epfo;jfT mlh;j;jp rhh;G vdpy; k d; kjpg;G


 0,

elsewhere

a) 1/ 3

b) 1/ 6

c) 1/ 9

d) 1/12.

38. X vd;w xU jdpepiy¢ rktha;g;G khwp 0,1,2 vd;w kjpg;Gfisf; nfhs;fpwJ. NkYk; P(X =0) = 144 / 169,
P(X=1) = 1/169 vdpy; P(X=2) d; kjpg;G
a) 145 / 169

b) 24 / 169

c) 2 / 169

d) 143 /169

39. X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; 3,4 kw;Wk; 12 Mfpa kjpg;Gfs; KiwNa 1/3, 1 / 4 kw;Wk; 5 / 12 Mfpa epfo;jfTfis¡
nfhs;Snkdpy; E(X) d; kjpg;G.
a) 5

b) 6

c) 7

d) 3

40. xU njhlH rktha;g;G khwp
a) KbTw;w fzj;jpd; kjpg;Gfisg; ngWfpwJ
b) Fwpg;gpl;l xU ,ilntspapYs;s vy;yh kjpg;GfisAk; ngWfpwJ
c) vz;zpylq;fh kjpg;Gfisg; ngWfpwJ
d) xU KbTw;w my;yJ vz;zplj;jf;f kjpg;Gfisg; ngWfpwJ

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Page77

Question Paper - 2
 1
 

1. A   2  vdpy; AA T d; juk; fhz;f
3
 

a) 3

b) 0

 1 3 2 


k  3  vd;w
1 4 5 

2.  1

d) 2

c) k   4

d) k  4

mzpf;F Neh;khW cz;L vdpy; kd; kjpg;G(fs;)

a)k VNjDk; xU nka;naz;

b) k   4

3. xU rJu mzp A d; thpir n vdpy;
2

a) A

c) 1

b) A

adj A

vd;gJ

n

4. A kw;Wk; B vd;w mzpfs; ngUf;fYf;F cfe;jitahapd;
a) AT BT

b) B T AT

c) A

n1

d)

A

ABT =
c) AB

d) BA

5. a f;Fk; b f;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk; 120° NkYk; mtw;wpd; vz;zsTfs; KiwNa 2, 3 a . b MdJ
a)

3

b)  3

c) 2

d)

 3
2

6. 2 i  3 j  4k , a i  b j  ck Mfpa ntf;lh;fs; nrq;Fj;J ntf;lHfshapd;>
a) a = 2, b = 3, c = -4
7. PR  2 i  j  k ,

b) a = 4, b = 4, c = 5

c) a = 4, b = 4, c = -5

d)a = -2, b =3, c =4

Q S   i  3 j  2k vdpy; ehw;fuk; PQRS d; gug;G

a) 5 3

b) 10 3

c)

5 3
2

d)

3
2

8. b d; kPJ a d; tPoy; kw;Wk; a d; kPJ b d; tPoYk; rkkhapd; a + b kw;Wk; a - b f;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;
a)  


2

b)  


3

c)  


4

d)  

2
3

9. m i  2 j  k kw;Wk; 4 i  9 j  2 k vd;gd nrq;Fj;J ntf;lHfs; vdpy; m ,d; kjpg;G
a) -4

b) 8

c) 4

d) 12

10. 5 i  9 j  2 k , m i  2 j  k vd;gd nrq;Fj;J ntf;lHfs; vdpy; m ,d; kjpg;G
a)

5
16

b)

11. x 2  y 2  1vdpy;

a) 2

b) 2 x
100

c)

16
5

d)

 16
5

1  x  iy
d; kjpg;G
1  x  iy

a) x  iy

  1 i 3 
12. 

2



5
16

  1 i 3 


2



c) 2 iy

d) x  iy

c) -1

d) 1

100

d; kjpg;G
b) 0

13. a = 3 + i kw;Wk; z = 2 – 3i vdpy; cs;s az, 3az kw;Wk; -az vd;gd xU Mh;fd; jsj;jpy;
a) nrq;Nfhz Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfs;

b) rkgf;f Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfs;

c) ,U rkgf;f Kf;Nfhzj;jpd; Kidg;Gs;spfs;

d) xNu Nfhliktd.

14.

3
i ,d; nka; kw;Wk; fw;gidg; gFjpfs;
2

a) 0, 3/2

b) 3/2, 0

c) 2, 3

d) 3, 2

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Page78

15. 16 x2  3y2  32 x  44  0 vd;gJ
a) xU ePs;tl;lk;

b) xU tl;lk;.

c) xU gutisak;

d) xU mjpgutisak;

16. (2,-3) vd;w Kid x = 4 vd;w ,af;Ftiuiaf; nfhz;l gutisaj;jpd; nrt;tfy ePsk;
a) 2
17. x

2

b) 4
 8y  1 vd;w

1 

c) 6

d) 8

gutisaj;jpd; Kid

a)   ,0 
8

 1

b)  , 0 
8

1
8

1

c)  0 , 

d)  0,  
8

c) x = 4

d) y = -1

18. y 2  4 x -,d; nrt;tfyj;jpd; rkd;ghL
a) x = 1

b) y = 1

2

2

d)

x
a

19. MjpapypUe;J xU Neh;Nfhl;by; x njhiytpy; efUk; Gs;spapd; jpirNtfk; v vdTk; a+bv =x vdTk;
nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,q;F a kw;Wk; b khwpypfs; mjd; KLf;fkhdJ
b
x

a)

b)

a
x

x
b

c)

20. = 1 / t vDk; tistiuf;F Gs;sp (-3, -1/3 ) vd;w Gs;spapy; nrq;Nfhl;bd; rkd;ghL
b) 5  27t  80

a) 3  27t  80

c) 3  27t  80

d)   1 t

21.xU Nfhsj;jpd; fdmsT kw;Wk; Muj;jpNyw;gLk; khWtPjq;fs; vz;zstpy; rkkhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ
Nfhsj;jpd; tisgug;G
b) 1 2

a) 1

c) 4

d) 4 3

22.° C ntg;gepiyapy; “ l “ kP ePsKs;s xU cNyhfj; Jz;bd; rkd;ghL l  1  0.00005  0.0000004  2 vdpy;
100°C -y; l-,d; khW tPjk;
a) 0.00013 m C
 4

b) 0.00023 m C

c) 0.00026 m C

d) 0.00033 m C

4

-1 x  y
23. u = sin  2 2  kw;Wk; f = sin u vdpy; rkgbj;jhd rhh;G f d; gb

x y 

a) 0

b) 1
1

24. u =

2

x y

2

, vdpy;

x

u
x

+y

/2

b) u
cos 5 / 3 x

25. 

0 cos

5/3

x  sin5 / 3 x

d) 4

u
y

1
u
2

a)

c) 2

c)

3
u
2

d) – u

dx d; kjpg;G

a)  2

b)  4

c) 0

d) 

b) 1/30

c) 1/ 24

d) 1/ 20

b) 1/ 3

c) 0

d) 2  3

1

26.  x(1  x )4 dx d; kjpg;G.
0

a) 1/ 12
/4

27. 

cos 3 2xdx

d; kjpg;G

0

a) 2 / 3
28. I n   sin n x dx vdpy; I n 
a) 

1
n 1
sin n 1 x cos x 
I n 2
n
n

b)

1
n 1
sin n 1 x cos x 
I n 2
n
n

c) 

1
n 1
sin n 1 x cos x 
I n 2
n
n

d) 

1
n 1
sin n 1 x cos x 
In
n
n

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Page79

29.

dy
 Py  Q vd;w
dx

tiff;nfO rkd;ghl;bd; njhiff; fhuzp cos x vdpy; P d; kjpg;G

a) – cot x.

b) cot x

c) tan x

d) – tan x.

c) x = my + c.

d) x = c.

dx
;
 mx  0 d; jPhT
dy

30. m < 0 Mf ,Ug;gpd;
my

-my

a) x = ce .

b) x = ce

.

31. Mjpg;Gs;spia ikakhff; nfhz;l tl;lq;fspd; njhFg;gpd; tiff;nfO ¢ rkd;ghL
a) x dy + y d x = 0
32.

b) x dy – y d x = 0

c) x d x + y dy = 0

d) x d x – y d y =0

c) 2,1

d) 0,1

dy
 y  x 2 vd;w tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghl;bd; thpir kw;Wk; gb
dx

a) 1,1

b) 1,2

33. xU $l;Lf; $w;W %d;W jdpf;$w;Wfisf; nfhz;ljhf ,Ug;gpd;> nka;al;ltizapYs;s epiufspd; vz;zpf;if
a) 8

b) 6

c) 4

d) 2

c) ~p v q.

d) p ^ q.

34.epge;jidf; $w;W p  q f;F rkhdkhdJ
a) p v q.

b) p v ~ q

35. p apd; nka;kjpg;G T kw;Wk; q d; nka;kjpg;G F vdpy;, gpd;tUtdtw;wpy; vit nka;kjpg;G T vd ,Uf;Fk;?
(i) p v q
a) (i), (ii), (iii)

(ii) ~ p v q

iii) p v ~q

iv) p ^ ~ q.

b) (i), (ii),(iv)

c) (i), (iii), (iv)

d) (ii), (iii), (iv)

36. gpd;tUk; $w;Wfspy; nka;kjpg;Gfs;
i. Cl;bahdJ jkpo;ehl;by; cs;sJ kw;Wk; 3 + 4 = 8

ii. Cl;bahdJ jkpo;ehl;by; cs;sJ kw;Wk; 3 + 4 = 7

iii. Cl;bahdJ Nfushtpy; cs;sJ kw;Wk; 3 + 4 = 7

iv. Cl;bahdJ Nfushtpy; cs;sJ kw;Wk; 3 + 4 = 8

a) F,T,F,F
37. f(x) =

b) F,F,F,T

A
1
,  x   vd;gJ
 16  x 2

c) T,T,F,F

d) T,F,T,F

X vd;w njhlh; rktha;g;G khwpapd; xU epfo;jfT mlh;j;jp¢ rhh;G (p.d.f) vdpy; A

d; kjpg;G
a) 16

b) 8

c) 4

d) 1

38. X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; epfo;jfT epiwr;rhh;G guty; gpd;tUkhW.
x

-2

3

1

P(X=x)

 6

 4

 12

vdpy;  d; kjpg;G

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

c) 1/ 14

d) 1/ 2

d) 4

39. X vd;w rktha;g;G khwpapd; epfo;jfT guty; gpd;tUkhW
x

0

1

2

3

4

5

P(X=x)

¼

2a

3a

4a

5a

¼

vdpy;> P  1 x  4 d; kjpg;G
a) 10 / 21

b) 2 / 7

40. xU jdpepiy¢ rktha;g;G khwp
a) KbTw;w fzj;jpd; kjpg;Gfisg; ngWfpwJ
b) Fwpg;gpl;l xU ,ilntspapYs;s vy;yh kjpg;GfisAk; ngWfpwJ
c) vz;zpylq;fh kjpg;Gfisg; ngWfpwJ
d) xU KbTw;w my;yJ vz;zplj;jf;f kjpg;Gfisg; ngWfpwJ

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Page80

Question Paper - 3
.1

 1 1 2 


 2  2 4  vd;w
 4  4 8

mzpapd; juk; fhz;f

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

  1 0 


2.  0
  1 vd;w mzpapd; juk; 2 vdpy;  tpd; kjpg;G
1 0  


a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) VNjDk; xU nka;naz;.

3. myF mzp I d; thpir n, k  0 xU khwpyp vdpy;>adj (kI) = ……
a)
4.

k n adj (I )

b)

k adj (I )

c)

k 2 adj ( I )

d)

k n1adj ( I )

 2  4

 vd;w mzpapd; juk;
1 2 

a) 1

b) 2

a) 2 26

b)

c) 0

d) 8

c) 2

d)


 

5. (2,10,1) vd;w Gs;spf;Fk; r  (3i  j  4k )  2 26 vd;w jsj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l kpff; Fiwe;j J}uk;

6.


OQ vd;w

1
26

myF ntf;lH kPjhd OP d; tPoyhdJ OPRQ vd;w ,izfuj;jpd; gug;ig Nghd;W
Kk;klq;fhapd; POQ MdJ.
a) tan 1

7.

26

1
3

b)

 3 

cos 1
 10 

c)

 3 

sin1
 10 

 1

d) sin1 
3
 

a , b, c vd;gd a,b,c Mfpatw;iw kl;Lfshff; nfhz;L tyf;if mikg;gpy; xd;Wf;nfhd;W nrq;Fj;jhd ntf;lHfs;
 
vdpy; a, b, c ,d; kjpg;G

a) a 2b 2c 2

b) 0

c)

1
abc
2

d) abc

8. xU NfhL x kw;Wk; y mr;Rf;fSld; kpif jpirapy; 45°, 60° Nfhzq;fis Vw;gLj;JfpwJ vdpy;, z mr;Rld; mJ
cz;lhf;Fk; Nfhzk;
a) 30 

b) 90 

c) 45 

d)

60 

d)

2
3

9. i  j kw;Wk; j  k vd;w ntf;lHfSf;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;
a)


3

b)

 2
3

10. a  3 i  2 j  9 k kw;Wk; b  i  m j  3 k
a) -15

b) 15

c)


3

vd;gd nrq;Fj;J ntf;lHfs; vdpy; m ,d; kjpg;G
c) 30

d) -30

c) cos   i sin 

d) cos

c) 2 sin n

d) 2 i cos n

11. fyg;ngz; (i 25 ) 3 d; Nghyhh; tbtk;
a) cos


2

 i sin

b) cos   i sin 

2

12. x  cos   i sin  vdpy; x n 

1
xn

a) 2 cos n
13. z1  4  5 i, z 2  3  2 i vdpy;
a)

2 22

i
13 13


2

 i sin


2

d; kjpg;G

b) 2 i sin n

z1
vd;gJ
z2
b) 

2 22

i
13 13

c) 

2 23
 i
13 13

d)

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2 22

i
13 13

Page81

14. 3  2 i  (7  i) ,d; jpl;l tbtk;

b)  4  i

a) 4  i
15. 9x2  5y2

a  ib 

 180

c) 4  i

d) 4  4 i

vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; Ftpaq;fSf;fpilNa cs;s njhiyT.

a) 4

b) 6

c) 8

d) 2.

16. 16 x2  25 y2  400 vd;w tistiuapd; Ftpaj;jpypUe;J xU njhLNfhl;Lf;F tiuag;gLk; nrq;Fj;J¡ NfhLfspd;
mbapd; epakg;ghij
a)
17.

x2  y2  4

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
16
9

b)

x2  y 2  25

c)

x2  y2  16

d)

x2  y2  9

mjpgutisaj;jpw;F (2,1) vd;w Gs;spapypUe;J tiuag;gLk; njhLNfhLfspd; njhLehz;

a) 9x  8y  72  0

b) 9x  8y  72  0

c) 8x  9y  72  0

d) 8x  9y  72  0

c) (5,0)

d) (0,-5)

18. x 2  20 y vd;w gutisaj;jpd; Kid
a) (0,5)

b) (0,0)

19. y = 6x –x³ NkYk; x MdJ tpdhbf;F 5 myFfs; tPjj;jpy; mjpfhpf;fpd;wJ. x = 3 vDk; NghJ mjd; rha;tpy;
Vw;gLk; khWtPjk;
a) – 90 myFfs; / tpdhb.
x

20. y = 3e kw;Wk; y =

a
3

b) 90 myFfs; / tpdhb.

c) 180 myFfs; / tpdhb

d) – 180 myFfs; / tpdhb.

-x

e vd;Dk; tistiufs; nrq;Fj;jhf ntl;bf; nfhs;fpd;wd vdpy; ‘a’ d; kjpg;G

a) -1

b) 1

c) 1/ 3

d) 3.

21. a = 0, b = 1 vdf; nfhz;L f(x) = x² + 2x -1 vd;w rhh;gpw;F nyf;uhQ;rpapd; ,ilkjpg;G Njw;wj;jpd; gbAs;s ‘c’ d; kjpg;G
.
a) -1

b) 1

c) 0

d) 1/ 2

22. y = f ( x ) kw;Wk; y = g ( x ) vd;w tistiufs; xd;iwnahd;W nrq;Fj;jhf ntl;bf; nfhs;fpd;wd vdpy;> mit
ntl;Lk; Gs;spapy; (njhLNfhLfs; mr;RfSf;F ,izahf ,y;iy)
a) f ( x ) -,d; rha;T = g ( x ) -,d; rha;T

b) f ( x ) -,d; rha;T + g ( x ) -,d; rha;T = 0

c) f ( x ) -,d; rha;T / g ( x ) -,d; rha;T = -1

d) [ f ( x ) -,d; rha;T ] [g ( x ) -,d; rha;T ] = -1

23. u = y sin x , vdpy;

 2u
xy

=

a) cos x .

b) cos y

c) sin x.

24. f ( x , y ) MdJ gb n I cila rk gbj;jhd rhHG vdpy; x
a) f

b) n f

d) 0.

f
f
y

x
y
c) n ( n - 1 ) f

d) n ( n + 1 ) f

25. y = 2x, x = 0 kw;Wk; x = 2 ,tw;wpw;F ,ilNa Vw;gLk; gug;G x mr;ir¥ nghWj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;
tisg;gug;G
a) 8 5 

b) 2 5 

5

c)

d) 4 5 

26. Muk; 5 cs;s Nfhsj;ij¤ jsq;fs; ikaj;jpypUe;J 2 kw;Wk; 4 J}uj;jpy; ntl;Lk; ,izahd
jsq;fSf;fpilg;gl;;l gFjpapd; tisg;gug;G
b) 40

a) 20
27. x

2/3

+y

2/3

c) 10

d) 30

c) 12

d) 96

= 4 vd;w tistiuapd; tpy;ypd; ePsk;

a) 48

b) 24
 2

28. n MdJ xU xw;iwg;gil vz; vdpy;  cos n x dx =
0

a)

n n2 n4




n 1 n  3 n  5
2

b)

n 1 n  3 n  5
1 



n n2 n4
2 2

c)

n n2 n4
3


    1 d)
n 1 n  3 n  5
2

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n 1 n  3 n  5
2


   1
n n2 n4
3

Page82

29. xU fjphpaf;f¥ nghUspd; khWtPj kjpg;G > mk;kjpg;gpd; (P) Neh; tpfpjj;jpy; rpijTWfpwJ. ,jw;F Vw;w
tiff;nfO rkd;ghL ( k Fiw vz;)
a)

dp k

dt
p

b)

dp
 kt
dt

c)

dp
 kp
dt

d)

dp
 kt
dt

x

30. y = e (A cos x + B sin x ) vd;w njhlh;gpy; A iaAk; B iaAk; ePf;fpf; fpilf;Fk; tiff;nfO¢ rkd;ghL.
a) y2 + y1 = 0
31.

dy
 y tan x  cos x vd;w
dx

b) y2 - y1 = 0

c) y2 -2y1 +2y = 0

d) y2 -2 y1 -2y = 0

tiff;nfO¢ rkd;ghl;bd; njhiff;fhuzp

a) sec x .

b) cos x.

tanx

c) e

.

d)cot x.

32. sin x dx  dy   cos x dx  dy  vd;w tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghl;bd; thpir kw;Wk; gb
a) 1,1

b) 0,0

c) 1,2

d) 2,1

c) 6

d) 8.

33. ~ [ p ^ (~q) ] d; nka; ml;ltizapy; epiufspd; vz;zpf;if
a) 2

b) 4

34. rkdpAila miuf;Fyk; >Fykhtjw;F¥ G+Hj;jp nra;a Ntz;ba tpjpahtJ
a) milg;G tpjp

b) NrHg;G tpjp

c) rkdp tpjp

d) vjpHkiw tpjp

b) [1]

c) [2]

d) [3]

35. [ 3 ] + 11( [5] + 11[6]) d; kjpg;G
a) [0]

36. p vd;gJ “ fkyh gs;spf;Fr; nry;fpwhs; “ q vd;gJ “ tFg;gpy; ,UgJ khztHfs; cs;sdH “ vd;f. “ fkyh gs;spf;Fr;
nry;ytpy;iy my;yJ tFg;gpy; ,UgJ khztHfs; cs;sdH “ vd;gJ
a) p  q

b) p  q

c) ~ p

d) ~ p  q

37. xU <UWg;G gutypd; ruhrhp 12 kw;Wk;jpl;l tpyf;fk; 2 vdpy; gz;gsit p d; kjpg;G
a) 1/ 2

b) 1 / 3

c) 2 / 3

d) 1 / 4.

38. xU ngl;bapy; 6 rptg;G kw;Wk; 4 nts;isg; ge;Jfs; cs;sd. mtw;wpypUe;J 3 ge;Jfs; rktha;g;G Kiwapy;
jpUg;gp itf;fhky; vLf;fg;gl;lhy; 2 nts;is¥ ge;Jfs; fpilf;f epfo;jfT.
a) 1/20

b) 18 / 125

c) 4 /25

d) 3 /10

39. gha;]hd; gutypy; gz;gsit  = 0.25 vdpy; Mjpiag; nghWj;J ,uz;lhtJ tpyf;fg; ngUf;Fj; njhif.
a) 0.25

b) 0.3125

c) 0.0625

d) 0.025

c) 0,1

d) 1,1

40. jpl;l ,ay;epiyg; gutypd; ruhrhpAk;> gutw;gbAk;
a)  ,  2

b)  , 

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Page83

Question Paper - 4
 1


1. 


2
0
4




 vd;w



0 

%iytpl;l mzpapd; juk; fhz;f

a) 0

b) 2

c) 3

d) 5

 2 1

 vd;w mzpf;F ( adjA ) A =
2. A  
 3 4
1

0 
1
5

a)  5

0

 1 0

 0 1

5 0 

0  5

b) 

5 0

0 5

c) 

d) 

b) k 2 det( A )

c) k det( A )

d) det (A)

b) 2

c) 1

d) 5

3. A vd;w mzpapd; thpir 3 vdpy; det (kA) vd;gJ
a) k 3 det( A )
 7  1
 vd;w mzpapd; juk;
4. 
2 1 

a) 9

5. a xU G+r;rpakw;w ntf;luhfTk; m xU jpirapypahfTk; ,Ug;gpd; m a MdJ XuyF ntf;lh; vdpy;
a) m   1

b)

b)

7. a  b  c  0 ,
a)  
8.


a 3,

3



b  4 , c  5 vdpy;


6

x  3 y  3 2z  5


f;F ,izahfTk;
1
5
3





 
a) r  i  5 j  3k  t i  3 j  5k

MdJ.

2

c)

d) 1

a f;Fk; b f;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;

2
3

b)  

d) a = 1

 
pq

6. p, q kw;Wk; p  q Mfpait vz;zsT  nfhz;l ntf;lh;fshapd;
a) 2

1
m

c) a 

a m

c)  

5
3

d)  


2

(1,3,5) Gs;sp topahfTk; nry;yf; $ba Nfhl;bd; ntf;lH rkd;ghL

 

 3 



 
c) r   i  5 j  k   ti  3 j  5k 
2 



 

b) r  i  3 j  5k  t i  5 j  3k





3 

d) r  i  3 j  5k  t i  5 j  k 
2

9. 2 i  6 j  3 k ,d; kPJ 7 i  j  4 k ,d; tPoy;
a)

7
8

b)

8

c)

66

8
7

d)

66
8

10. a  2 i  2 j  k kw;Wk; b  6 i  3 j  2 k vdpy; a  b ,d; kjpg;G
a) 4

b) -4

11. iz vd;w fyg;ngz;iz Mjpia¥ nghWj;J

c) 3

d) 5


Nfhzj;jpy; fbfhu vjph; jpirapy; Row;Wk; NghJ, me;j vz;zpd;
2

Gjpa epiy
a) iz
12. z n  cos

b) -iz

c) -z

d) z

c) i

d) -i

c) %d;whk; fhy;gFjp

d) ehd;fhk; fhy;gFjp

n
n
vdpy; z1 z 2 .........z 6 vd;gJ
 i sin
3
3

a) 1

b) -1

13.  z %d;whk; fhy;gFjpapy; mike;jhy; z mikAk; fhy;gFjp
a) Kjy; fhy;gFjp

b) ,uz;lhk; fhy;gFjp

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Page84

14. p  i q  2  3 i 4  2 i  vdpy; q ,d; kjpg;G
a) 14

b) -14

15. 2x  y  c  0 vd;w Neh;NfhL

c) -8

4x2  8y2  32

a)  2 3

d) 8

vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd;; njhLNfhL vdpy; c d; kjpg;G.

b)  6

d)  4

c) 36

16. 4x2  9y2  36 vd;w ePs;tl;lj;jpd; kPJs;s VNjDk; xU Gs;spapypUe;J ( 5 , 0) kw;Wk; ( 5 , 0) vd;w
Gs;spfSf;fpilNa cs;s njhiyTfspd; $Ljy; .
a) 4

b) 8

17. x2  4( y  3)2
a)

y

 16 vd;w

c) 6

d) 18

mjpgutisaj;jpd; ,af;Ftiu

8

b)

5

8

x

5

c)

y

5
8

d)

x

5
8

18. y 2   8 x -,d; nrt;tfyj;jpd; rkd;ghL
a) y-2=0
19. y = e

mx

b) y+2 =0
-mx

kw;Wk; y = e

c) x -2 = 0

d) x+2 =0

, m > 1 vd;Dk; tistiufSf;F ,ilg;gl;l Nfhzk;.

 2m 

-1 
a) tan  m2  1 

b) tan

 2m 



 1  m2 

-1 

c) tan

 2m 



 1  m2 

-1 

d) tan

 2m 

 2

 m  1

-1 

20. y = 8 + 4x – 2x² vd;w tistiu y mr;ir ntl;Lk; Gs;spapy; mikAk; njhLNfhl;bd; rha;T.
a) 8

b) 4

c) 0

d) -4

21.xU cUisapd; Muk; 2 nrkP / tpdhb vd;w tPjj;jpy; mjpfhpf;fpd;wJ. mjd; cauk; 3 nrkP / tpdhb vd;w
tPjj;jpy; Fiwfpd;wJ. Muk; 3cm kw;Wk; cauk; 5 cm Mf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mjd; fd mstpd; khWtPjk;.
b) 33 

a) 23 

c) 43 

d) 53 

22. xU gwf;Fk; jl;bd; Nfhz ,lg;ngaHr;rp   9t 2  2t 3 vdpy;, mjd; Nfhz KLf;fk; G+r;rpakhf ,Uf;Fk; Neuk;
( Nubad;>t tpdhb)
a) 2.5 tpdhb

b) 3.5 tpdhb

c) 1.5 tpdhb

d) 4.5 tpdhb

c) x = a / 2

d) x = 0.

23. y² (a+2x) = x² (3a-x) vd;w tistiuapd; njhiynjhLNfhL
a) x = 3a

b) x = - a / 2

24. u = f ( x , y ) vd;f. ,ay;ghd FwpaPl;bd;gb u xy  u yx vd ,Uf;f Ntz;Lkhapd;
a) u vd;gJ njhlHr;rpahdjhf

b) u x vd;gJ njhlHr;rpahdjhf

c) u y vd;gJ njhlHr;rpahdjhf

d) u , u x , u y Mfpait njhlHr;rpahdjhf

25.y = 3  x 2 vd;w tistiu x = 0 ypUe;J x = 4 tiu x mr;ir mr;rhf itj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd; fdmsT.
a) 100
26.

x2
a2

y2
b2

b)
 1 vd;w

100

9

c)

100

3

d) 100 / 3

ePs;tl;lj;jpd; gug;ig nel;lr;R> Fw;wr;R ,tw;iw¥ nghWj;J¢ Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;

fdmsTfspd; tpfpjk;
a) b² : a²

b) a² : b²

c) a : b

d) b : a

27. NfhLfs; y = x, y = 1kw;Wk; x = 0 Mfpait Vw;gLj;Jk; gug;G y mr;ir¥ nghWj;J Row;wg;gLk; jplg;nghUspd;
fdmsT
a)  4

b)  2

c)  3

d) 2  3

a

28. f ( x ) XH ,ul;ilg;gilr; rhHG vdpy;  f x  dx =
a

a) 0

a

b) 2  f x  dx
0

a

c)  f x  dx
0

a

d)  2  f x  dx

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0

Page85

2x

29. (D² -4D+4) y = e d; rpwg;Gj; jPhT
; (PI).
a)

x 2 2x
e
2

2x

-2x

b) xe .

c) xe .

d)

x 2x
e
2

d)

2
x( x  2)
3

30. f x   x kw;Wk; f(1) = 2 vdpy; f(x) vd;gJ
2
3

a)  ( x x  2)

b)

3
( x x  2)
2

c)

2
( x x  2)
3

31. f(D) = (D-a) g(D), g(a) 0 vdpy; tiff;nfO¢ rkd;ghL f(D) y = e d; rpwg;Gj; jPhT
; .
ax

ax

ax

a) me
32.

d2y
dx

2

x

b) e
y

/ g(a)

ax

c) g(a) e

ax

d) xe / g(a)

dy
vd;w tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghl;bd; thpir kw;Wk; gb
dx

a) 2,1

b) 1,2

c) 2 , 1 / 2

d) 2,2

33. KOf;fspy; * vd;w <UWg;G nrayp a * b = a+ b – ab, vd tiuaWf;fg;gLfpwJ vdpy; 3 * ( 4*5) d; kjpg;G
a) 25

b) 15

c) 10

d) 5

b) 6

c) 3

d) 1.

c) (Z, .)

d) (R, +)

b) T T T T

c) T F T F

d) F T T T

b) 16 Var (X)

c) 19

d) 0.

c) e 

d) 1 / k

34. (Z9, +9) y; [7] d; thpir
a) 9

35. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vJ Fyk; my;y ?
a) (Zn, +n).

b) (Z, +)

36. gpd;tUk; $w;Wfspd; nka;kjpg;Gfs;
i. xU rha; rJuj;jpd; vy;yh¥ gf;fq;fSk; rkePsk; nfhz;lit
ii. 1 19 xU tpfpjKwh vz;
iii. ghypd; epwk; ntz;ik
iv. vz; 30f;F 4 gfhf;fhuzpfs; cz;L
a) T T T F
37. Var (4X+ 3) d; kjpg;G
a) 7

38. xU gha;]hd; gutypy; P(X=0) = k vdpy; gutw;gbapd; kjpg;G
a) log 1/ k

b) log k.

39. ed;F fiyf;fg;gl;l 52 rPl;Lfs; nfhz;l rPl;Lf;fl;bypUe;J 2 rPl;Lfs; jpUg;gp itf;fhky; vLf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
,uz;Lk; xNu epwj;jpy; ,Uf;f epfo;jfT.
a) 1 / 2.

b) 26 / 51

c) 25 /51

d) 25 /102

c) np, np

d) np, npq

40.<UWg;Gg; gutypd; ruhrhp kw;Wk; gutw;gb
a) nq, npq

b) np,

npq

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Page86

Question Paper - 5
1.

ae x  be y  c ; pe x  qe y  d kw;Wk; 1 
a)

  2 3 


 ,  
1
 1

b)

a b
p q

; 2 

c b
d q


 

 log 2 , log 3 


1 
1

; 3 
c)

a c
p d

vdpy; (x,y) d; kjpg;G



 
 log 1 , log 1 




3
2

d)



 
 log 1 , log 1 




2
3

2. kjpg;gpl Ntz;ba %d;W khwpfspy; mike;j %d;W Nehpa mrkgbj;jhd rkd;ghl;Lj; njhFg;gpy;   0 kw;Wk;
 x  0 ,  y  0 kw;Wk;  z  0 vdpy; njhFg;Gf;fhd jPh;T
a) xNu xU jPhT
;

b) ,uz;L jPh;Tfs;

c) vz;zpf;ifaw;w jPhT
; fs; d) jPh;T ,y;yhik

3. A,B vd;w VNjDk; ,U mzpfSf;F AB = O vd;W ,Ue;J NkYk; A G+r;rpakw;w Nfhit mzp vdpy;>
a) B = O

b) B xU G+r;rpaf; Nfhit mzp

c) B xU G+r;rpakw;w Nfhit mzp d)B = A

4. rkgbj;jhd Nehpar; rkd;ghLfspd; njhFg;gpy;  A  khwpfspd; vz;zpf;if vdpy; njhFg;ghdJ
a) ntspg;gilj; jPHT kl;LNk ngw;wpUf;Fk;
b) ntspg;gilj; jPHT kw;Wk; vz;zpf;ifaw;w ntspg;gilaw;w jPHTfs; ngw;wpUf;Fk;
c) ntspg;gilaw;w jPHTfs; kl;LNk ngw;wpUf;Fk;
d) jPHTfs; ngw;wpUf;fhJ
5.

x2  y2  z2  6x  8y  10 z  1  0 vd;w

a) (-3, 4, -5) , 49
6.

x6 y4 z4


6
4
8

Nfhsj;jpd; ikak; kw;Wk; Muk;

b) (-6, 8, -10) , 1
kw;Wk;

a) (0, 0, -4)

x 1 y  2 z  3


2
4
2

a) x+4y-z=0

d) (6, -8, 10) , 7

vd;w NfhLfs; ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk; Gs;sp

b) (1, 0, 0)

7. (2,1,-1) vd;w Gs;sp topahfTk; jsq;fs;
jsj;jpd; rkd;ghL

c) (3, -4, 5) , 7

c) (0, 2, 0)
 

 
 
r  ( i  3 j  k )  0 ; r  ( j  2k )  0 ntl;bf;nfhs;Sk;

b) x+9y+11z=0

c) 2 x+y-z+5=0

d) (1, 2, 0)
Nfhl;il cs;slf;fpaJkhd
d) 2x-y+z=0

8. r  s i  t j vd;w rkd;ghL Fwpg;gJ
a) i kw;Wk; j Gs;spfis ,izf;Fk; Neh;NfhL

b)xoy jsk;

c) yoz jsk;

d)zox jsk;

9. a , b , c vd;git xd;Wf;nfhd;W nrq;Fj;jhd %d;W myF ntf;lHfs; vdpy; a  b  c
a) 3

c) 3 3

b) 9

3

d)

10. 4 i  j  2 k ,d; kPJ 3 i  j  k ,d; tPoy;
a)

9
21

b)

9

c)

21

81
21

d)

 81
21

11. i  i 22  i 23  i 24  i 25 d; kjpg;G vd;gJ
a) i

b) -i

12. ax 2  bx  1  0 vd;w rkd;ghl;bd; xU jPhT
;
a) (1,1)

c) 1

d) -1

1 i
aAk;>bAk; nka; vdpy; (a,b) vd;gJ.
1 i

b) (1,-1)

c) (0,1)

d) (1,0)

c)  n  1

d)    n1 

c)  8  i

d) 8  i

13.  vd;gJ 1d; nk; gb %ynkdpy; 

a) 1   2   4  .........    3   5  ......... b)  n  0

14.

2  i 3  2 i  ,d;
a) 8  i

,izf; fyg;ngz;
b)  8  i

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Page87

15. (-4, 4) vd;w Gs;spapypUe;J
a) 45 

tiuag;gLk; ,U njhLNfhLfSf;F ,ilNaAs;s Nfhzk;

b) 30 

16. 9x2  16 y2

 144

c) 60 

d) 90 

vd;w $k;G tistpd; ,af;F tl;lj;jpd; Muk;

a) 7
17.

y 2  16 x f;F

b) 4

x2 y2

 1 vd;w
16
9

c) 3

d) 5.

mjpgutisaj;jpd; njhiynjhLNfhLfSf;fpilNaAs;s Nfhzk;

3

4

a)   2 tan 1 
4

b)   2 tan 1 
3

c) 2 tan 1

3
4

4
3

d) 2 tan 1  

18. x 2   4 y vd;w gutisaj;jpd; ,af;Ftiu
a) x = 1

b) x = 0

c) y = 1

d) y = 0

c) -16

d) -21

3

19. x  2 y; y  2 x  3x  5 vd;w tistiuapd; rha;T
a) -20
20. x

2/3

b) 27

+y

2/3

2/3

= a vDk; tistiuapd; Jiz myFr; rkd;ghLfs;

a) x  a sin 3  ; y  a cos3 

b) x  a cos3  ; y  a sin 3 

c) x  a 3 sin  ; y  a 3 cos

d) x  a 3 cos ; y  a 3 sin 

21. y² = x kw;Wk; x² = y vd;w gutisaq;fSf;fpilNa Mjpapy; mikAk; Nfhzk;
3

4

-1  
a) 2 tan  4 

-1  
b) tan  3 

c)  2

d)  4

22. ,ilkjpg;G tpjpapd; khw;W tbtk;
a) f a  h  f a   hf ' a  h

0   1

b) f a  h  f a   hf ' a  h

0   1

c) f a  h  f a   hf ' a  h

0   1

d) f a  h  f a   hf ' a  h

0   1

23. gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; rhpahd $w;Wfs; :
i) xU tistiu Mjpia¥ nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUg;gp‹ mJ ,U mr;Rfisg; nghWj;Jk; rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUf;Fk;.
ii) xU tistiu ,U mr;Rfis¥ nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUg;gpd; mJ Mjpia¥ nghWj;Jk; rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUf;Fk;..
iii) f(x,y) =0 vd;w tistiu y = x vd;w Nfhl;il¥ nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh; ngw;Ws;snjdpy; f(x,y) = f(y, x)
iv) f(x,y) =0, vd;w tistiuf;F f(x,y) = f(-y,-x), cz;ikahapd; mJ Mjpia¥ nghWj;J¢ rkr;rPh; ngw;wpUf;Fk;.
a) (ii), (iii)
y

24. u = f   vdpy;
x
 

a) 0
25.

x2
a

2

b) (i), (iv)
x

u
u
y
x
y

b2

 1 vd;w

a) b a  b

d) (ii), (iv)

c) 2 u

d) u

d; kjpg;G.
b) 1

y2

c) (i), (iii)

ePs;tl;lj;jpw;Fk; mjd; Jiz tl;lj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l gug;G
b) 2a a  b

c) a a  b

d) 2b a  b

26. gutisak; y² = x mjd; nrt;tfyj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l gug;G.
a) 4 / 3

b) 1 / 6

c) 2 / 3

d) 8 / 3

27. x = 0 ypUe;J x =  / 4 tiuapyhd y = sin x kw;Wk; y = cos x vd;w tistiufspd; ,ilg;gl;l gug;G.
a)

2 1

2 1

b)

c) 2 2  1

d) 2 2  2

b

28.  f x  dx =
a

a

a) 2  f x  dx
0

b

b)  f a  x  dx
a

b

c)  f b  x  dx
a

b

d)  f a  b  x  dx

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a

Page88

29. dy
dx

1
2
.y 
x log x
x2

d; njhifaPl;Lf; fhuzp

x

a) e .

b) log x.

-x

c) 1/ x

d) e .

30. y = mx vd;w Neh;;NfhLfspd; njhFg;gpd; tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghL
dy
m
dx

a)

b) y d x – x dy = 0

c)

d2 y
dx 2

0

d) y d x + x dy = 0

2x

31. (D² + 1 ) y = e d; epug;G¢ rhh;G
x

a) (Ax+B)e .

2x

b) A cos x + B sin x .

-x

c) (Ax+B)e .

d) (Ax+B)e .

3

 dy d 3 y  2
 
  0 vd;w tiff;nfOr; rkd;ghl;bd; thpir kw;Wk; gb
32.

y

 dx dx 3 
dx 2


d2y

a) 2,3

b) 3,3

c) 3,2

d) 2,2

c) p v ~p.

d) p ^ ~p.

33. gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; vJ nka;ikahFk;?
a) p v q.

b) p ^ q

34. fPo;f;fz;ltw;wpy; vJ Ry; <UWg;Gr; nrayp my;y ?
a) a * b = ab.

b) a * b = a – b

ab

c) a * b =

a 2  b2

d) a * b =

35. ngUf;fy; tpjpia¥ nghWj;J¡ Fykhfpa xd;wpd; ehyhk; %yq;fspy; – i d; thpir
a)4

b) 3

c) 2

d) 1

36. p cz;ikahf ,Ue;J> q-jtwhf ,Ug;gpd;> gpd;tUtdtw;Ws; vit cz;ikapy;iy?
a) p  q jtW

b) p  q cz;ik

c) p  q jtW

d) p  q cz;ik

37. xU rktha;g;G khwp X d; epfo;jfT epiwr; rhh;G (p.d.f) gpd;tUkhW
x

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

P(X=x)

0

K

2k

2k

3k

2k²

7k²+k

vdpy; k d; kjpg;G
a) 1/ 8

b) 1/ 10

c) 0

d) -1 or 1/10

38. xU <UWg;G gutypd; ruhrhp 5 NkYk; jpl;ltpyf;fk; 2 vdpy; n kw;Wk; p d; kjpg;Gfs;
4

a)  ,25 
5

4

1

b)  25, 
5

c)  ,25 
5

1

d)  25, 
5

39. xU rktha;g;G khwp X gha;]hd; gutiy¥ gpd;gw;WfpwJ. NkYk;,E(X²) = 30 vdpy; gutypd; gutw;gb
a) 6

b) 5

c) 30

d) 25

40. jpl;l ,ay;epiy khwp Z ,d; epfo;jfT mlHj;jpr; rhHG  z  
a)

1
2 

e

1 2
z
2

b)

1
2

e

 z2

c)

1
2

e

1 2
z
2

d)

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1
2

e

1 2
z
2

Page89