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Civil Engineer

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Overview

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Requirements

90% Match

Career Spectrum

Resources

Overview

Description
Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions ranging from supervisor
of a construction site to city engineer. Others work in design, construction, research, and
teaching. Civil engineers work with others on projects and may be assisted by civil
engineering technicians.
Civil engineers work on complex projects, so they usually specialize in one of several areas:
- Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled

and built in accordance with the plans and specifications. They are typically responsible for
design and safety of temporary structures used during construction.
- Geotechnical engineers work to make sure that foundations are solid. They focus on how
structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth
(including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and
tunnels.
- Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or
dams to ensure their strength and durability.
- Transportation engineers plan, design, operate, and maintain everyday systems, such as
streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ports, mass
transit systems, and harbours
Sample Job Titles: City Engineer, Design Engineer, Project Engineer

Provincial Outlook

Estimated Salary

$60,201 - $150,491
Learn More

Education Level
Secondary School
On-the-job Training
College/Apprenticeship
University

Learn More

Compatibility

90%
Match

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Workplace

Work Environment

Civil engineers plan, design

Civil engineers generally work indoors in offices. However, they sometimes spend time
outdoors at construction sites so they can monitor operations or solve problems at the
site. Occasionally, civil engineers travel abroad to work on large engineering projects in
other countries.

Main Duties

Inspect project sites to monitor progress and ensure that design specifications and
safety or sanitation standards are met.
Analyze survey reports, maps, drawings, blueprints, aerial photography, or other
topographical or geologic data.
Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labor to determine project
feasibility.
Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding design,
construction, or program modifications or structural repairs.
Calculate load and grade requirements, water flow rates, or material stress factors to
determine design specifications.
Plan and design transportation or hydraulic systems or structures using computer
assisted design or drawing tools.
Direct or participate in surveying to plan installations or establish reference points,
grades, or elevations to guide construction.
Design energy efficient or environmentally sound civil structures.
Prepare or present public reports on topics such as bid proposals, deeds,
environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions.
Manage and direct the construction, operations, or maintenance activities at project
site.

Important Skills

Decision-making skills. Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently


conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to
financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to Civil
engineers for advice on these issues.
Leadership skills. Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects or
research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead surveyors,
construction managers, Civil engineering technicians, and others to implement their
project plan.
Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other
advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their
work.
Organizational skills. Only licensed Civil engineers can sign the design documents for
infrastructure projects. This makes it imperative that Civil engineers be able to
monitor and evaluate the work at the job site as a project progresses to assure
compliance with design documents.
Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of planning, design,
construction, and operation of multi-faceted projects or research with many variables
that require the ability to evaluate and resolve complex problems.
Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with other professionals,
such as architects, landscape architects, and Urban and regional planners. This means
that Civil engineers must be able to write reports clearly so that people without an
engineering background can follow.

Career Cluster

This cluster relates to designing, planning, managing,


building and maintaining the built environment.

Architecture and

Construction

Outlook

Job Outlook

Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Northwest Territories
Nunavut
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan

Not Available

Yukon

Job Outlook based on NOC 2131 (Civil engineers)

View Regional Data

Salary Ranges

Canada

$47,994 - $120,923

Alberta

$60,201 - $150,491

British Columbia

$52,167 - $118,941

Manitoba

$39,125 - $105,336

New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador

$43,570 - $90,958
$53,502 - $135,426

Nova Scotia
Northwest Territories

$41,734 - $92,878
$59,178 - $139,056

Nunavut
Ontario

Not Available
$50,080 - $120,381

Prince Edward Island

Not Available

Quebec

$43,820 - $108,507

Saskatchewan

$36,392 - $106,337

Yukon

Salary Ranges are based on hourly rates for NOC 2131 (Civil engineers) and an estimated 2086 hours per year

View Regional Data

Not Available

Employment Growth

2012

141,230

2013

143,858

2014

146,151

2015

148,334

2016

150,211

2017

151,791

2018

153,410

2019

155,082

2020

156,460

2021

157,923

2022

159,461

Employment Growth based on Stats Canada Occupation Group 213

Requirements

Education Level

Secondary School

On-the-job Training

College/Apprenticeship

University

Requirements

A bachelor's degree in civil engineering or in a related engineering discipline is


required.
A master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering discipline may be required.
Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is
required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practise as a
Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited
educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work experience in
engineering and passing a professional practice examination.
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification is offered by the
Canada Green Building Council and may be required by some employers..

Subject Areas

Mathematics

Related Programs

Civil Engineering
Technician

Civil Engineering

Engineering Transition

University of Ottawa

Capilano University

Sault College

Career Spectrum

Interests

Your Interest Type is

This occupation is a

THE FUTURIST (IA)

SLIGHT MATCH

Match Results

Your Results

Occupation Results

Investigative

Artistic
98%

85%

83%

28%

Enterprising

Realistic
83%

79%

28%

95%

Social

Conventional
79%

77%

6%

56%

Knowledge

Your top subject area is

This occupation is a

COMPUTERS

SLIGHT MATCH

Match Results

Your Results

Computers

Occupation Results

Science
100%

100%

65%

40%

English

Physical Education
100%

100%

34%

28%

Business

Creative Arts
89%

89%

56%

43%

Languages

Social Science
89%

89%

30%

28%

Technical & Trades

Mathematics
83%

78%

37%

72%

Motivations

Your top motivation factor is

This occupation is a

ACHIEVEMENT

SLIGHT MATCH

Match Results

Your Results

Achievement

Occupation Results

Recognition
78%

67%

72%

72%

Support

Independence
56%

53%

61%

83%

Relationships

Working Conditions
50%

47%

50%

75%

Compatibility
Inspect project sites to monitor progress and ensure that design specifications
and safety or sanitation standards are met.

Definitely

Analyze survey reports, maps, drawings, blueprints, aerial photography, or


other topographical or geologic data.

Definitely

Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labor to determine


project feasibility.

Somewhat

Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding


design, construction, or program modifications or structural repairs.

Definitely

Calculate load and grade requirements, water flow rates, or material stress
factors to determine design specifications.

Definitely

Plan and design transportation or hydraulic systems or structures using


computer assisted design or drawing tools.

Definitely

Direct or participate in surveying to plan installations or establish reference


points, grades, or elevations to guide construction.

Definitely

Design energy efficient or environmentally sound civil structures.

Definitely

Prepare or present public reports on topics such as bid proposals, deeds,


environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions.

Somewhat

Manage and direct the construction, operations, or maintenance activities at


project site.

Definitely

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Helpful Links
Ontario:
Professional Engineers Ontario
www.peo.on.ca
British Columbia:
The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of British Columbia
www.apeg.bc.ca
Alberta:
Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists and Geophysicists of Alberta
www.apegga.org
Saskatchewan:
The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Saskatchewan
www.apegs.sk.ca
Prince Edward Island:
The Association of Professional Engineers of Prince Edward Island
http://engineerspei.com/
New Brunswick:
The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of New Brunswick
www.apegnb.ca

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