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Camera

Exposure:

Aperture:

Shutter Speed:

ISO:

White

Balance:

DOF:

Settings of a Camera

1/125 is how fast your shutter speed is


F5.6 F-stops, which measure the size of your aperture
ISO400 The speed and the grain of the photo
AWB adjusts to the light in the environment e.g. Sunny or night
P - Is the camera mode that indicates auto, landscape, macro,
shutter, aperture, program, etc
Battery Life is the symbol of a charged battery and shows the
amount of battery left in the camera
(90) photo count
ONE SHOT release mode (rapid fire, single shoot, remote, and
timer)
- Helps get the correct exposure and
indicates if you need more or less light
(+) or (-)

Photography
Guidelines
4 common visual themes:
Light - is an effective theme that can add
appeal to an image
-Soft and warm (late afternoon sunlight)
-Hard and cold (mid afternoon summer sun or snow)
-Shade light (sunny day in the shade)
-Silhouettes (evening light creating blocked in shadows)

Colour is unique and personal


-colour contrast

- polarized filters
-blending colours (enhances)
-complimentary colours (opposites)
-pale colours

Selective focus gives attention to main


theme or subject in image
-good images should have an area of sharp focus
Lens choices - macro, fish eye, telephoto, wide angle
Depth of field expansive or limited

Composition shape, line, patterns, and


texture
Framing landscape (horizontal) or portrait (vertical)
- Create depth by having objects frame the picture (tree
branches)

Composition/ About the


Photos That You Are Going To
Take
Rule of Thirds
-When a screen is divided into nine squares like a tic-tac-toe
form for a balanced photo
-The sweet spot is where the lines meet, this helps to place
your item to create more compositions and give the viewer
something more interesting to look at

Good Subject
- Depends on the
~Weather
~The amount of light
~Location
~Background
~Costumes or props

Photography
-Should have a lot of deep meaning and put into the photo
-Says words without actually saying anything
-Catches the viewers attention
-The skill that will later on in life be more developed
-Has a good setting
~Lighting
~Effects
~Different types of poses

Questions to ask yourself while composing your


photo
-Is your lighting on point?
-Are there any other features that you can add to your shot?
-How is the viewer going to find this photo interesting?
-Is there anything that you want to take a photo of?

Exposure
-Under exposed
~A dark picture with some parts of the photo missing
because of the darkness
-Correctly exposed
~All parts of the photo clearly stated with light and dark
areas of the shot
-Over exposed
~Too much light is coming and again some of the areas
of the shot have gone missing because too bright

Shutter Speed
-This is determined when the camera's sensor lens will be
opening or slightly closing for the amount of light to come in
- Used to slow down the movement that the object is
making ex. 1/60 is the slowest that the camera can go
- Refers to how long the object is being slowed down by
-Represented by a fraction of a second

Aperture
-This is a hole in the lens that controls the amount of light to
come in
-The smaller the size of the hole/opening the larger the f stop
number

Depth of Field
-DOF is important because if you are taking a picture of the

mountains then you need a clear photo of the mountains and


everything in front to be blurred out

Camera Modes
-Auto
~This mode looks at the brightness of the setting and
judges the amount of light to come in so that is more efficient for
you
~The camera controls whether or not to use the flash,
but on some cameras there will not be a flash therefore that is
when you can control.
~Used for when you don't know what setting to use and
just need the camera to do the work for you
-Landscape
~This picks out a depth of field so that everything in
the area is in focus
~Gives you a sharpness that would look best for the
background
~The Shutter speed will increase so tripod will be
necessary
-Macro
~This is good when you need to take a picture of
something that is really close and still be really focused
~When you are using this setting the object in front will
be in focus and everything else will be blurred out
-Portrait
~Often used to capture someone's face close up but
still making it really clear
-Sports
~This will choose the right shutter speed that you need
to capture a sporty scenery but judging the amount of light
entering the lens
~This will getting rid of all of the blurriness that the
object created by moving
-Program
~This is the mode were you have the most control over,
you get too control the ISO, white balance, focus mode, exposure
but it will choose the correct setting based on the light entering
- Shutter Priority

~ This mode just lets you to pick out the shutter speed
and the camera will do the rest by aiming for good exposure by
see how much light is coming into the lens

Processing Images
Batch photos: -group photos of one theme with others of
the same theme. This makes them easier to find.

Track information: - record the 6 Ws for each photo as you


take it.- this is much easier than finding the information later.

Catalogue photos: -before they are allowed in any spread or


you will loose your links when creating your layouts.

Store photos logically: -whether using shoeboxes or photo


managing software, have a numbering and an easy to maintain
storage system that everyone can understand.

Do not let staff keep photos: -all photos there are used
should be kept in the same place, or it will be impossible to check
quality, cropping and information or to replace the image if it
should get lost.

Mark used photos: -each photo should only appear ONCE in


a yearbook. After that, it should be clearly marked as used and be
put aside in a separate folder (or shoebox)

Export a JPG version of your spreads and keep in a handy


folder.
Its an easy way to flip through the book and check for used
photos.
Delete photos from previous years: -the temptation of using an
old photo when there is no current one is too tempting for many
staff members at deadline time.