""£rTS' T'O" -:ny" '0' F' C'O' N··JG· 'R,'·"ES·j,S··;

..I":..I.....lJ, --. ' ,,_',:.l.--:lJ _. L., _" " :, :,1.,1 ".J...~,." ~ _11_,;-" ~'I - -~r - ,'_

1386·

A· , .... ," '11'7 .... 8·],'

PRo!"!:"" J!i," q,c " .. '

[B,.Of'R ..

'made to a~swel': 'e¥erYiP'liJ rpQse '!DC an e'ffici¢ll t m.Ui~ I rao,ks,a1l)td beio.g' elo(bJE:!,!tl ~"!1. unifQ,r:_rn" ~b!eli' 'wQold ti:~. lh~ pr.,~of· df. this if was :s:t"ued~tJil;a;~ ahe ~l:li]i~ial.~eeQniJ:1.!Je;j!,r!l,b[ dOiil$ '(1)1' e,xcelHng: ~Il llli.li~ m:I'Y du,!;),. i~, t;tlJe. Eas!ternStah;ls was iu. pe.l'feet,ol:d~[';al'a,O: I ':EJh:at t"llrlls pihm wonM,be mQl-e . fJcoi~,omj.cal . tbiCIiu,

~be.i .. p.I.:in ... eL all'~., .. t. ha;.t beiit'.!. g .t.~e, .ea$E .ill.:~hc:soe. S .... J ta. ,,;I.., ea.;. I ~~'B_ .. P.fes~~'t.·.l aJ:~.'d .Vi!. :O."U['~ .!n.'. akce.fe~. '.'Y". ~r, . e.~. ,~,ep~i. '~.'D!s; It n;l'.lgbr ialSiQ be dl'e Sl:un~! U~ ,others, Jf bite rneans (:rom ;!jleU!l;ce il and ~;f. Wl)!$ a plan Wblcih~Jad bee-a ..

welle 'ta,ken. If t'h e~am,e: ~:a;w$ w~e, pa:ssed by~;he . wa.ir'~l)'~,eJl!:'l)mttlINe;iI'l:d'e\~;J by the H.sit mmt<liry :mJ:au. U :nj~t'd . States .fo~r· the :r'ecgU:];aLtio~ . (If th.e whole i inil.~is 'Coillotry,. ethe laieP,re5iidf D :r.of the Ufl!l:!.ed

m. _ i.li;~,il~~ ..• · .. ~s.·. at._ ,p:;r.~oo. t _e.~. l:: .. jst._~.,d.~ . i H ...•... t. h.' ,.e :E.-:'~~._.:t.e;r.-_. i".·.n '.8i1;a. ,tes .. : .. ~ ... , j' S. '."It.: .. a tle5l., .. a<l:l~ w'!:i ... u:rn.d _ :r.e .. ~. d.". ~er .. ~a._.;s.-·ta31il!d[.ng a ... :rmy inth.e

:and :~t 'the uulina, o~e;ttS w',e~r:ee ve:tY'w'hel'e ,eig}l(ljailll y 'CQl;lJ;Q t!l"y W"iboUy l!li:n.n,er::es:sary. _ .

:a.'f;Ilo.e!.;n~i. y. 'e .••• t,o' t. h:elJX'~. . th.;"em~.li(ia. tIDlg.:.hit ,g;eo. :.ero. ..... 1 ... rn"Y .. ~·· ". T.b.· .•. e.· .... m,o'~:..i.,.(l'D.-.. .f,.'o.~:r s.tilr.nCing.<; .. o. u.·:!i .. t. .. h~". fi.:rs.t ... s.ect1(liIl.;~ be m eql!ilaUy good o. tI'. .Fmail: the p~dn P'l'lopo!S!€Jd was loo,t-4fi to :3:11.. ~ . when !!!ih,e CJomtt1,~ttee l'QIS€ :!;'Htd

w,as WiaJl'fJ' kfiliOWll ~n '~!f;]€Jory~. tbait~ thou;g'b·lt,. . ha~ Ieave to sit a;ga:in:.

,auswer weU ina tbilllly :::'1E't~led. ,e;ouDtty ~it ..

be aU:l.'lllld.'wwitb manyaDldgre3!'t ineonve:.nie-Jlccs.. s:reK AND DISAB·[ .. ED SEAME.N.

in sfliar:e ;s€lttle~ea[s~ a:S:[J!i) getl0·1}· yOUDg m'en' Tille biU fOlr 'tb,e.FteH,af ()!f s:i!~k and ai:\>:abl'!l'd ;S!ea-

to~~'U:tle'f "<:,; e:x.\eifd$e~ ~'O:ll.~d~ike in o.i 'circuilt ,of 20w'e(!):l (whjeb ~p:ta,'Vidl¢S:. ~b!l~every seaman belOlOlg~il€:s; besuie:;-) ~hat the .se.{ld:[!lIDg.:Q.~t a, lar.ge '0. Uit'U~ i~g tiQ~hte Ur:nitfl;ld·. S ta;~e.s .~aU p~ y rtwenty ~gl;!~S a berr: . of young .. m,en. IOgetb.er,~ wlj;_h?i~t. JIIe~snn~ of , ~no.[J];th·QtlL'!t of his wage,;;, tOl tbe!:,,,,jiet of 1;;;9(110.£$ La mOre, -m adva,'Il.c:e~, . Y~~~J .. ~;s .~. eh~~k uP'-'"E;. tbem1 dis bess" ",nil .f~rr.t~[{;.:c~cet[n.~ ([)f hOs~p~t~ls) ha.vi-m;g WQ,?M b~l",e a b3i,deJle~t 'llPO'U theu Jl}i'(:jJ'~:'.l,s ~aJDd ~e.e~ f'~~dthe toord tn:ne.aEIJd .tbe Qjuesuo'D! on p8i.~

1;0 MI.~e. yo~men ~a:W'ay:rtGm .theu Ibi£l]sloess,. I Ing bl"l~g pu:~, ..

wMehtb~:y'mjg'ht llej'ust com mfJnein~, fo;r~el!ai" or II' . . b-J.r .. St.wAI:~i saj,ij,. 1fuJ€ 'W!}S!iU1Wmi ug to s~y any

tVi'1~~!,e. d~y~~t·:~ time~ W.QU~~ r~kn them" . Nor th:iliD!g .a:.g3::ill'~:t t.;-h~$ blU; ~~:t the Pa::ss:i~g 'of it w.~uldl ,!,!ls., ~.~ ]b!;'!hev>ed,tha~yQ.ll~~g m:EH;! co~ld be so. w~U i b.ea;tt,eDd~d., wu~ many u~:co'n!l~D],e:!fl,cre$a~,~_,~~J'ood]lS'£.l}plIl!le~j .ox kep'E t!oge~ker~as. !I:ft.h~:r~el'e, ~n~c,eli~ I 'l~IQ~'::;~, .~.lhl~h _ o~gb~, _ t!D: be. m~tltJ:Q,ned, .. He allowed

:;;p.e.c .. ~~ed w ~ l,.:.~." .. i .. p e ~ .. ~ :~,D. '.$ .. ~ .•.. f.: .• ~ ~;a, .. 'i: .. ' .. ,u ag.'_.'."c=. .. ,.e .. a.-.lIld.',. 5.0][.ld .. ~;{Y,. '~ [.~~e .•.. ;. !l.- b .. '.'.J .• e C.l.~? .. Wl.; .. s F ...•.. r 1 ne~.,p.a. Wly ap. P.:h .. ,.C .. d._ J j.r!) ~ .. rt.,:hc. "~. _ p~~! O .. f.,.

Il!.o:b:,. J" W~L[.l.A.Ma,s[ai!:e~ iI!:[bee:x:pHl;seatte:o.d~,g I the U:lill.\O~, trQlll. wh~nee :be' €::1Ime, where pr@Y~3)lOn

th~ pre~enit ,"'Y:sil!!e,~ ·as .. far beyo'!J~d wbat ill is: geue~ ~s aiJir.-e;a,l'Iy made ret" :s:k::.k and dh.aLled perso.!]sof

f:a1.tY .. th.GlJg. -h.t: ~.~ ·b.'e,.:a.n~[~Qn8~~,e.a. ra.wy.:m([l'l;'€: .fih:an. ~e.- .. ·v ... _.,e~r~ d~.¢it.lpti{lln ... ;. sa~lQ.r.~$:.as .. we;ll .. a~ o'~.l1c~$~ .. with l.be sy;sle:m, p![o:~d WOQ~!iiI be.H'€i s"ta!ppooes tber.e ~ w'lii!en. 'e\!''ery ]l?ersol'll Hlilie 'CO~min;l!!iIllJlty' 1:..;3. eha:rgelli,.

al~.'· . e ... -:.~,o.:Ff.!. a .. ~ ... I!l;.r'.t ... 60.0 .. ;O._OO .: ill..~. e ..... ]., ... en;~o. n(:j.d .. ,.~J;t .. o~t .l~.as't ~ s.' .... ~m .. e .. rnl.d.n.c. ~.'h._~t: .:~u.art.err.J .. lI;h .. f.lr(lfOE.'~l .• DOW .1P.: •. a.y.' •.... ~.ftir spe~.,.d ... s,~x d,ars O.f. a.yea,r..~u the mtLi!.t.I~ .. s.~r,,:~ej 1!IlU proporho.,D.. or. m.one."f. f..o.,.Ii'.' _.JPllbru.llC ;c~.:.a::n!f) 3. ~dl.l w)u,eh. ~freekoued~,l. airu()Usl{ peit': d~i3J)' (H),eiudim,g.i 1£ '~~bey Vil'ereagalnto ~€:caJI.~t! upo~by~bx~ act.

e~nses) amo~n:ts to $ 3., 6!].[I,OO 0 per a~nmm,' By r theyW'~u:1d bem8,(:h~, lopa,}, i,n two ~Uft'l1r"€~tways the. !b~U, ;f,!(!W .~p~op~;,e~), it lc3 __ ~Cl1pp'oiSe~ tb,e$~leet_t for' t.he same Qbjl'~H~t,.whbo~t iu~yad~a[[l~:age, t(l 'e'?;f'p~ ~]~1 e,c07*$;~.s:t __ o.f3Jbout ·l.~'!:OOO :roeem; ~hQ are t th~m;s~iyesJ bCJC:a"I.l~e,th~ey fl;r~!'I}Fea,~yenct~ll"ed ~~) t(l.be em,p~.Q'y'ed. ·t.wdve dars m a. yeiar, . T.~.e •. re" " rely:;f. Ul ease. ,of s~ek~es:';.Qr .. dl~abj.t!~y, ~ut .If iSe:l'V1OO tl!ot'_il"Sj.a:bout 8'.50.,000 me~!Im!~ts: to, be c:aUed!. ~ ttus was no~ mile :ease) ~e dOililibned [he' lllr\[)'pilr~e[f o:f

.c.l! tllt ..•.. Q:~.'~' 0. !(I!e •. d.a .•. y ..... i:o.·.· t.he y .. ea~ ..... -.- .. >o." .. tba:t .the .d.i.fl.···~.',_.. i~.· .. ;i31 ... ';X[.'.Jl.:g ..... s.~a~€n .. o-n.l.IY. £6,[" '~~~.'. S~PP~'l'>I;.· '.] 'f-'~ib.~r:{),ugillt. e'o:ceo:f. oe)::;pe~ lll. :fa¥.or otlbe. ll'e'W Sy:SH~J!fi} ~ to be CoOiIl.$ld,(fFOO as ,a; p;n.bhl'i: ,cbar,ay, .. Heil:h;Ought

would!. at .le-a.s:t.1tIe $1;Z75'~{D1DO~ - .IB~sidJ€s~ ~he prGG1€'U;[ ! the la\ltS (J'( re'<lSOIn and ,cha~hycaned;~IW·~·the :S;J'5t~'m 'ej;Qn~!f<'LH>;:i p'n!e~~n:h ·of ~be jp c.~ ~~?;~~l~~e; liPi1l:IlH~at ~ar¥e ~:u . ~P:~?I"t Ofll!il!~ul'oF,tUrHl.~~ .1~"leH~i€ ser'lfI C'!iI.! by ex:cepUQ,!:l-3 UIIi fa .. ow: (;If (IJ, .'et8. of¥.u:];- ~ t~~1;$ d~CSI~~ptlO.n,. and. tli;i)l!t. rtbe . burden ouglIu not o~:s.lcl.n~~, which li1Je clee~~led~lV~(;[~al a~d~!)juSL i 'excl~::;;i .. el.rt? be l~.i.,dJ~.pOi~th.~w;.'Wc h~:vepo

I. :n ... · fine ...• ~. t.,.· .. ba.,.1. .' .. h.'''~.p[l'. -G;$~~t; • sY .•. "s. ~e .. ~~ ._t3.~ ... bu.,':r~€nso'm,e. ,at 'I :CD.ffi. '.' ,.mon., ~.~.e .. hn~. w nh d~"eS16t11~~I? th~,la.I::.~" J111faU the~~n:n,e tlID"C th~:t l~ li5 In~,dequ~~c tQ_t~e~~fe~,.~,e ~ Ul'P?'l!;tDO' .m:ec.~b~~l)f IhreH,o~l:';.e, bl~t '!.~~nb~€x~ .a,r tJ~'e ,e;o~nt .. y:! :aNGI, If no:!: 3!lli,'e'.o.O!e,d: WQ!;:!I:ld ~e the !du:s~v,e:ly i:lrawnfil'om thce,!:l!n'l!Iln!.gs of a :smal~ p:l!!t m,e',a~s ofi.!ntrdduc;i~g· ~IlIIJO' th~:s (;,imntTY "lliI"at is d~e lor IrfuJ€ . comm~oity., ~t;fho> . ~n~U>pi[o,b~bHillY~ wH~ ba.De ~,f :aJlfl;iee G(rvemme~rt:s--a, ,sta:n(~ing ,(tJ"'J.n:.y. I iI",ee-'civo(! J)O ai~;ya!H, (i:'DID u~or6fl·r yea.rs :riO

'I'he new ·sys:~[eN1Wa;$ S!i!lip'poii"~e'lr by .M!,e:\lsrs .. ,s. !eo[lr'.l'e\i, a:s.l:a rg@ and .. . .~d.fdi bu:iildiliThgs mustfil""3t fS.if!

SMl''PH, SIliiKPARllJ,'> .n ... YTON"M.~C"o~~ Ec.R©,.oK$~er~e·c~ed~, :I:!lord~r tl@ eX~libH t~ tb~ wOilrld ~ s;lP~c::J;~ P]:NC:KNE~., a!l)i[ HAR.PI!=~~ :as afford.ul~ ~t all 'tlme~CH:D ~~ of puhl t,~ ~~:£lr:I ty. '. N ?th] ng ofth~5. k.l n.d <'1.11 :fie dve" eilEeien t .~1IIl ~l:i ha~ of at- lea:s:t )]L~D)();~Ome?~ ',!·a$:tOo .. ~,e .S€;"'~l .Ut ~u..s put [ ,@f :th,e~(loun[;:ry ;;" but lbJS w'bi,eia would [I~.a.ce [he c,.ount:rY!ltaU u~e:s Ul~~!l~$ '!DC pe~;so]]s ne'l\'eil"lh~le!SEO W',elre p;~[,,1~ Ide.ufo.r.

·securi~.y:> :as ~o ... ·. fore'i.gn ,p .. o~:v .. ~r ow .. 0. ,.n. '.Id eY~.r: th.~l1k.'".?f ~ N.)€·.I.:fber.,il'ta.t~:'i"~.~ ;() •. ~m.cc.. e:r .. '!1~'~:> [;:h,e;re ~:l~k: 'Vnh?illt

a,1lt:l;li,ckilllg;a:c'ounny w'l:u'ch. (l{lO~dd ,eaH OTU!:," dH:> ~ cal'.ea.llIdr~.het b~~:ng, ':rde{jJ Itufil.,. h WM dliffi.-

$or~e.~ 1;:~~lt tb,e :r'o~ug llle~ ha"! . been ::l~tl",:e~y cu~~~~;heJ',€fol)e,mCOtlC,el·?"~e·~pou wh.~a l'iE'as>onat~h:~

,_-d. U.l dJ~$_'Ci~!p]~n,e:fli'o'm 18" 4-, wQllldnne:r g'I;"OliIEi,,,l dn.~s~m€.Jl 'of r.u;sSta~le,~~,uld. be ~"~U,ed

._rna.. ii!m~ t\j) :the. ;O:I!e. of 40, fO'E"'m,:/ll reS'e:r'i',ed c{t.:rp;s:, upon toeoNt:nb~;t~ ton fund ,O'f t;~llo; kmd. The ]'\(!i5I.dy 1:'0 'be caUed. 1t3ipOll. i,:n ea!;.e!s ~)f ~rooe:rg-ei!Jl,ey, . (.\nlyr;,eacscmwh~ehh.ad been ass.lgned~:a;s,. dmt

·T.ltas.· .. ~.,th.· .e. -". ~_[s.'eipHp~1)). g of .11:. ~es."'. e .... Y.··' o .... ~.~ .. i!I.'g . m. e~ .. ",:o.ldd. - ~ t~.:c~ c. ~@. -\~'. .E.~~la.Hd_~e®Jrne?-Jr.~'~~.ner:t~ ~ . ~~J~t~~,:t,h! ],{~)l ~~e ~e-ern H~.e.xe~'nse~ amd' l~ey wO'Il~;dd~e,a~n t ,~Qutb(l_Ul:'Sla~'e~ ~~jJJer~,lf. {~I~r ""': €~e t3J,kensu::ik;J; h'l'".fW'W ta'ke .c:a re of llleil'l VI hen :t lj,ey . wer:e 01([11. Ul there ~,.i).$ no, p,rOV~£10[l fo[' . theu:,re I ],ef. He; bope!! rSle:r'!i'.lC,e, w'.hlch W8:S aeowsiderati(l'l'J: ·Qr !irs,{, ~Inp()rt- . tbo:Soe ,Slales wQ!aildiPro"'\"ilid.e["c1e:I,N:t~· fOT such Rll.fo'ranc.e; dHll~: YOllitlgW€:D. "''!i1'·ou~d! 'tli'ainmuch 'bet~·c[r tU!)ja't,ep'ersQnl'J,; it' ~IOltj :5'al~]o:r-iS' nnn;,t go there as t:O~@;t!h,,!r than if {a~her,:;;;al)d ,sons ''!Irl!i:'[>e ~n . d'~~. ,:;:;a.rne tcbey g>(l i~to~i:)Crl!llig'Jl. 'C.lJlln:tr~i.es,.

L·· ..

1388.

[A,P.RU:" i 199 ~

Mues r.eUa:l!lce~ Mr, S~ eaid, h;ad. been .laid,'IO'p. ni~lHu; le~~t 'tl:u,ee-fifths: '?~ these~~_eri (,:{ ~~,e· Urt~,~. 1;h~' r~~m~~e of ~Il.gla!-idl W'ae:ife It was .saul ~JJlll.- ted S.t:lMles. a.ir.elnt§':re~~d rn provld.l.ng !:,:?l'~lre mor·e: loat e$tab~~:shme(J)ts eXlSted. But th:D.Sl1i;'! ·e.staihlish- eertam suppers :for tn·eJf ll~.f.o tunate oC~tiz@ns. An l!ri·~ti.tS .w .. ,' .. ~i:~ .b~. O'~. n,. ~by the_~r~nts',of individJua~ tnos€? c'~rellmsm.DI~€S eonsldered, be trQsled £be; ·bin

~,d.a paru.,e11lla-r cJ:ass ,(}f s~m.eD;:-I,bose .,employed" W"?uld JlI~.ss. ..• . ..... ._', ,., ,

ii!\l the na.vY' merely eont!l!:lbo,ted t!l)"Ul'eu current _ Ai'lr. LntN6_::.?i"l"ON said, me o,b~ee~lons t,o,.tlris InU.: expe~ses,; s.o tha\t the tv/a easeswere 'Vrciry·ditfer- i h~d ;:J;i."isen f r Om't.~o' S!o'Il:rCi:)s: l:.t.~.l!Jle.qnaJl!.ty~a~ =. ,el1!.'t~ H~e ili1l,op.ed, therrefOTle:, th.e bill would :pot pa,~:. differer:l:t p3i.r:~s .. of the .{]nJO()'~, .~nd :n.:s 1!tleq'll,ahiI:1 315 .

Mr. PINOl'tNJE:Y was - :l>:O'ii'"irV to iHffet. :f:roloo h~$ to the pE'fSlOn,S upon wb!nln. l't was to !?rperate.. On. ilijj'e'iild from MassachUse'u~;·· Oil tb~:.'< ~'Ub1· ct. . He the fii!~t poiillt~ b~ thought sueh sausf3etC!'~'Ya~,,: ~a.d, h.oped . the . o~jlec.tiOlfS. wh~e.ll\ ~,e ~dl be:ro~e: swers h-ad been; g~ve~,a;s lUlIlst have P!i{~l"~:deJTh'e-.:

S:8 t~d .i!O' the prlfH~lpte or th.ls·. bdl W10n_h1, by . thIs h',laJ •... H~ W3;S. s,o~ry ltb.~'~n?t ~~l~ tha'~,~e.c;f;;r ~ut. tune, bav·e heen. r-emolli""oo. LTh, genE.l~lOa.n bad notw't:r~.5tandUlg the pert.m~C:loms opposnaon whJJ:.eh· b!'lror~ $mct~dJ) t~at bis JH·inQi~al. obje~~~o.~, to tbis. dds b~l hasrn-ee~~ed frro·-;n. th,~.ge·nt~€il)~_l~t.~up:;· ~lU~r,o(S~ from there b~tI~ al~~ady J"roVlS!~D :ruad~ ~_~. dq:!lbted~o:~. ]It~ouldllas~ bf a large ~mi],~o'r~tr· 1~ .·.th._e . Eastettl.. St~:te8 jfo~ th. Ii;! r1elAef.. rOO S;l;c]t. au.rdl. The UH.~ q'(ul.\hty·s~ud t,~ ,a, ~l$e,m lt5?:pe~nou u~~lftbs~bled. SIFe:amein. ]l;t wT!J!.S~hen st:lJ:ed l)fl. 1:eply ~ 'tb:ar f(l:l;Mt p:aids of th(i!· UnwiI)]; WElSOW~ to,prov~l!opl_lJ, p.,(rv ide€l the law did beaim- a> littrle bat'd UP'Oll. t ha~ he:'/' ingah-ead y be~iI]! made in some Shlt-es for ·th.e-:

Sta.t~ lb. 0 .. I? thei 1". ' ita. own fe'det'a, I ,disposi tio~ it. W.,M !:'e~~~f Q1f s~ek an.r ~r~ disn ~m~d s~~.' .• e.rl:.. But _ how, . ~e . h(rp';ed~ ~;$ u. w'O>~dilolrH)m[tte ~ .rg:eneral b(2;llrL'liit ,wthe ~ Itl$~~?d~ would thl;5W5~Vl~i)n inJure that pa1l'"tof the U n.iDn_, It would not be ~bJ acted t,Q. But _1 t wa~, ! Unl t.ed ~ta~e5 g ,Dul . not the gelltle:rn;~n see that

lI:J:. eD,' ' .. ~ ~hO'W, '"Di:l .. a.',u, "Cl.,. h.~ ,w .. ~OU.lid I"e. _pe'at ft; ... that ',.th .. e. la.:.,,1O" '1· tl,l. e,' p ... r~,,!;Hckri .... ll ... t .hllJ.d. '. the: p.l pW.''er.· " ... f.O ... ; ~p.p.r~'p'r .. ia1; .. ~. nl. 0 .. :Il.:r!!·y. - '~~ldl n,ot be-all' hard t!p(l'~ Itbem. If ~h.~l"e l~ :lil p,r~~ fo.r. the~l?orary _~e~J.'ef (.'If ;seametl.~ul the iirst Ul-.

"V'lsum a:t_ pre;5leIrt n1.ade :Lfi M;~acll.useus fOliper-. stanee "l '. 0:1 . eeurse, he woald relwbursG to .th'e:. S'I:nl,s; of ebu. dE"SCFi:p,ti:OIlli~ it mill,s!!: be aburden 'UpClU· State o( Mas:s:a~llsett.s~,o,ra.n!y o~bel' State~ ;allY tb~ peo'ple thelte j~nd ~f;. a rtel"~b.'e: . p~~ing ,or· this : :sum,~.?f mon,eY· e.xpen ded for this .:Pbl~!O!E,e" . T.hei ' !aw1 iI/;,b..at ~urdCDi. be .r~mrOYCd,Ii.'E woul,a c~l't,amly' prOV1l;$tOn w'!ueh th~·g,~nltl~:r.~a1il.~eak$ -alas bel[!j~ be b~ill,efie,~:a,~ to the ·c;!U~'ens o.fUu:u State 1U ,g'eJ!l!,e- m.a.de .£01' _tEns. de~ef.!Lpt~o'D of E,e.rsonS-",~e: s;uf,pos.€dl, ·ral, . 'th.'!I}ugh ~ e :rna y be a I!:a..x u ponjhe seam en.. Was the C01W.InOlrI: t'Own'ehar~t-J.es,wn ieb, It they:

Th,c gentleman froOm M:a$!>a'c·llU.$!efls bad al:.io· 'W'f!Fe eo be :r:eiml~ul"Sled~ the htequa~ny whili?h h:~d' :ilJ)o,keI,l ~a.i:n.$'t l he _ gC'l' .. U eo ral ut},ij ty of ~t he ~"e~.su re •. , been ISp?k'8!l .. of 'ljI@~ld . ~'Pl1:~l' to' b_~ .. ?~dy lm~~~ . He sa~d :1:1; was: il:axu:ig iIlo pl)b.!;"tlClLd'H' descnpt-WJl of ~ .03;ry. But d~ _ the; meq~;abt:r had~]iSted" 'Wbe.u_ men CQr a,gl;l~iteral 'o,bJect. 00 the c,ontl."ary, .ltt~ ,. t:h.~ gentleman had see~ti8,e e.~:reme.utmty of Sill chI'. th.· ','o,ugM ~t on.l!y reasonable. a,]1.(1 :t.:J:U:itO:bl:e'tI.l.il. t tb. ese a. pro. ,vision i. D o,tJier .. P~"f.tSJ iQrf.me. U. ll. iO~.~. lie. stu~umrd; ~er$_':'Ds:sbould pay' for thr~ be.tl~i~fi wl:ueh ~~tu~r_!,ere ba:~e~ope(~ ~e w<:~ld h.a"i'e:\V:alV'ed _hnH-?hai,eetl~n:" ~lu~msehe.s. toree<e!v'er aDd 'th;at tt woul~ be ~e:itb.er I IfJI'l.be cny. wlHc~ ,he l"'epr~en:tedj MIIt.L •. saJld, ywatnor fa,'ll)!:' fq,r ether llersoru: 1.0 pay. l:t. :But he I they ,OO,d~hM) aJ?1l'I01'1:S:lO[l·o.f du:s·.kill;iJ;.[i, At Chade:!!",· belf.e~ed·if tbre· sQbj,ec~~V!il8 ~urther ]ook~d i.ll~o" .b; . lion; :ao,£1., he .~elie'{:er~~ at P'hHadel'phi~; 5~mU~!'. ~up-:· w,o'Ui~d.befo~nd_(ba:t tJ;te seamen :wiI)"lllld :nu.t paY' por:Lwas ~ft?:F,dle:d[)o pe~s,i)tl'S·. Il'f ~tu~,_dt:.SCrlp'UQ'i1. 1lhetal>:themseJ.,c"!·~ as ~~ w(u.dl~l {"Atne '(1) be c.oa:~~- [0 New Yorb:, tlileil'e! ·w>eJte· fte~iraJlly 3Q{1I melt: aud. dered as w . ..,gIW! ,an(l by tha.t mean:lllirlec.ome .2, genr (llii.sa;bled seam>en :reHeved.iD. tbe·'CoOuf:s>6 or :3; yeiln', ~l:aI 'Utx~s t:l~e m'!!.'l"dl~nt 'who ~Q~·ld have to' pay: and h~ supposed ~n esR:n~~ti,U'Inbelt mi~'bt.lI:eeelve., it "il,VouM. lay ~t up'ou .illS m,oc-iJ.band~~e:.. .. .... $~~port ilfir·om. fih~ .. ltl.s:tltutlO~.s. of ~hce 'tw:o Qth:~· _. ~IJ ~ .. the ~e~~.I.Ii:I~~n say.~, tb ~s l~X. ~s r:o b~ ~Qrppro- ,c~~ti,es hI? h~d ~,e~ltIO.~r~., Be.sl~~ d~e· per~rC?ns UP9n. . p~la~ed :00 ili.e ~u~l;dmg of large l~:~d spl~n.(hd!n.Q:s~ : W·hC'Ul tllus Ineq.ual~t.y: '\'Vu· S:t.a..l~d .to _ f!J1 ~~ ,ollgh. it' p:aJiIl~h;., .As ~ar ~s: he h~d . eOll]slder~d, th e b'.lll), !~!S: . :nnt ·to., m!i!.~.e :any. ~~'Q,t~t .. clbJ.etC.uolil~lO. 1:~ a:s tJ;ley . undet~t-o:~ that,.E he {llrec I:l~rfl or h ,?SPl tal':!. 'ftra;,!'! Q~d Y i were th~~ l'ves Ull tin,e. halil~ of ri~lC:'!l'!Vlng ~O~re( . a ~ee,on.d~ry .obJe'I}1t., Rehef .. tQ _d_lStre.~S5 IS ~he i.F~t ! sroaH ~.d·van~.'ag'"€s·f~om tbe L!n;,tot1!~"WhlCh.:.·. oughll to. tb~~g. ~,o lOe3l~~eDidl ed t~r; an ~ ~f, .~fteraff~rd ~~~ ,th l~ - p!e~,en:t "'~Utt!l ~rat~,· :prQvu~ton j[·lk,e; the,pl':esel;d. ~ehefj, llhe t.ax, pro~lUiee!il a." su ffie:l.en. t su tp.hlS~ J.t lSto ~ h ey rre,~fn ,!,e~ sal~ he, $'7;6.-00 0 ,~J,luaJl y .u::! boun~ be empWo'yed HI!. the eree:u.oIlQ.[ s:ultable-not largle t~,eson then fishmg· vre.!;";8:el.s, iliOl~gb _. thtf r!1uty on

and- :Sp'loodrfJd~rou~l:din:~s~ as hO:~iI?i.tal$. . _ theslll~ used. in ·eu"£ing' tllbrei~ fis~;, wlia:,~h this: ~ounty .

T,h.e :ge:n tle.r.:LUU .l1i,ad al~o s:end. th aot the :seamenwas g1 veniCO c,o:tln f:er-vall, dO'6S ·fi'O,l ~I'mou:n.t to,' af. '~beEas'l:erriJ Sta:tes· m.ust rw·v _upon· pTovh.i.Q!Ilc!li m.ore dl~lil. $,30,000'" Indood, htl; rd.i:d not believe; made fOo:!:' _them, bJ t_b,.e. S'@lu:fl1l,ein. is,tat''®i!l·ffi,;o eMe of tbe p'!;llOrXlle themsiel'i'res wo'uldlobJec't .t~· tihl,e 1:ax:· in' ~i,e·~~,e~';.J~'c .. ; . or, if :no. suehprbm.i,o~. ·was. made, ·questio.n. If ~e kil,3iel;v' any th illl 8 ,o~iEhe earele.ss~ ~hf!r ~l,f~it 'lake th~ sam.Qc~,ance M w~enuhe¥ g'o. hO'!l€,Sl natur'eQ(~u$ class olf~'@n., they would n~-t lJl.to fQ.1'Rlg~ c:OU!I1t.ne'lt. Thu O~~~l'V'a.:IJ'on doe$, nHt ' 'tDbJI~e:t ':to SO t;r,lfI:mgaslfln:J;, as tW'@n!!:y Ce:Ellts :a. ,app~rY;~s~· ~~~Unttl~:d ~raf~~_._ha,.v.e:.m,a.~r~p:rcl'!dsi~n.· I ~Qf!-th fo:r sovalua151e_~n~.o:~jeet. .. A~a~l?r~.:sa~~ fo.r tll,ell" s1.ck-a:od (luial:iled ~!eam,e!liil.for~lgITli'E~;Oil!ln~' I be, .t.S~!o.:!;;~.~~r:n.!!d!, ()tlily fo:r tb~' pir,~:5.el?~t. and 1S lIlC.~~' n·'!"M by mnns, of CO]JtSI].ls.j "!I.v:hli(:.h Jt '.~ oontem- . p:thle ()rf ti:1iil.hng'of,; OIIH.Iil·0iU.ell t!Lveto , (u'tUire. We.l~· .

l.d~t:ed . to ·mak:e. ~or~ eftkient. nn,~n it. ~:a.~ _~I,~~~O~ ; fare?, h~. ~s~ thert!f~i:'e, ;~ ·~!,op.e:r ? bj.eet for: t~'~,C~~f~ .:: fore .been j, b!!lc· .t:~lS .1S nor: th(J C:Me m SGD.~h'eli':ll! of G(l;vernme'nt~ aDd wlUlst ·he caR .pro'l""ldean S'tel.'ti1!S;, S,e~i'lr.n~ "'Ilil'ho rue ;s:~_ek anJl dis,abiedf· tJill'r,@ . uyhn:n :fro.r .in:lhmitj '01.'· old a.!!re~, 1Ib'Y the·~ae:ri:fieeiS' : hfl:'V'e onJy_to. l'~~r·upp1l;·. priv3t'e ~,!iarHy;'_~~n' 51l:p..;-l Q{ ~ fe-v: gi~ls o~. r~m11l,e wH[ fiotscro.ple to. d:'cH~< port; and 3Ul"ruI.y th:@·<Easter.n St:at.:e'.s. wh:lch fllr-·I Bu.t Ait was .s::uit thUi ben.e6~ eouid »·Ii)t iJ.C:CTU)~; td:'

138,9

H1STORYOF; CON'GRES.S.

1890

[H>OF.R.

sa UCl'rS, {Qt a numiJ@r ·of. y·e-arl1's, as m:a-gnificenit . th.e ,people.of.~.Iass:acJrUlSe~l::'i:as receiving ,g:rea.it ad~· ht.iUdilEJ,gs must .hEdirs:t eirect.ed.. f!lutely tl:H~ geu-valltages from ,a bo:un:~y 011 .:ish e.xpot'l,ed,. 'Which de:-maa from· .:M::tlssa,eb,u.seUs did notauerid. to the 'w:a.s ~nit-e:!lded to rei'mn];rnwse th~ dUlt'f On 813;11: nsed pll'[l,'vi:sl,o~ Of '~~hrus bm~ 01'" else he wisbed "00 pro- inth,eu:: bdi~e.ss of (!:lllir:irig fish ; ~:@d·.lhe hadealcu:-' alJlee .: ~·fal:~e ittlp,ressilo:1l. upom tile eO~tljltffi:[!oo~. N'D.r la.te¢l,_tbis ail,'i;i't1I1tage fa'! lieyond w.b.a,t. it 'l'eaUy is. w~as It eUd$,~'oma:ry fOl: me,' g:e»tIDe:man to express. hfs B,~'t :a..d.l;:nit.ting tlui:t they reoei 've something more d?_U, b, c'.,'Uli,]' '~abo~t '. 1;~e_ .~S.~UtiV., ~.' m .. :~s~,.sing .. ~ ~ ~~'~,:ef, than, ttl e amo,unt of the· d uty p3:,id. on tlIl.e.i.r .salt_,· it' ~~.at::<e'd. .. m his .ll,~,ds •. ~ur~)' he::c()()llidnot,~!1lp,p0s.e .. ·mu.~t be aJLijQwed1,b,a~t, ttwe~:1: to the €ttcourage..: tb,alt ·the PFe&li.den't wo~,d,d expeD~ the ll!lOneY'l:aise,(I men tol a set CI,t m e:r:. at ,all t!mes valu;;)!bie ttl>ilie' by' vi1:tu~ of this act··flO'r th~ r.'e~Li.€£'o,r di!;;:tres!O,~.n: .Un.ite,dEhawl:llbl;lt pial;"tlcula:rly so, aJ~ tbis tin:te;. ttlie e:reetio~ o!f: rn:a,if,iliDi,eient' buiMings. For .}_Us But;W"tiU;;. ,iliisailY ;a.rgument why he should :fl(~t own P.art~ :h~ . '~iI[5'nl;r _:not!l)eli,iev:e·.:any :sueR thIng: ' oppose this' ULX 1 Would it be proper fm- M:m t,o lb.",!, b-e.U~v·~dt~:e ti.l:~~1:?!'U~~.dd b~ ·pX:OP!'lrly.· &ypUed,;J a.:ru, ,:s.wex "eo . tbese t:D'en~ w hell!- ~ey 'complain'ed of ~!IlIlid' ~o, more be.}:lea~d· o~"~h:e_ ~il.Sien~8 of 't.jHS ,d~, .tiln!> iax:,.·P;;~OU :are" taxed, It IS t"l1'il.;1@.~ for t.h~e Stlip~ of _:~~:n,. ,An~. if .~y.$ll-["pl'll!lS·J:Je~a:J.:tled~_ ]!,t"woInlid .p0:r"t:. ,0:£ _fQn;,mgill[e~.~ t_oup':ho~rii a pultlhc e.b~.I!.ty tror, be, .e.xp_ende,dI. ma f_tu:gaI w.~ y ~ S~ as tQ. eonduee '00 . 'th.e· . U ~1!I.ted Bt:a:tes; who w.ruU. have tlri,oOl laon 0:1." . of ",the ,h~,Plli~IltSjl· ... ~m~d. ·~O~?:(t. ,~,' , . t;iiis; e~CIi$S or. men~'~,a.ki:Elg (:ar€ of seam, ~; b~t Y0!tl ougbt to," 'be ,sa,tils.,... alld!to. the h.~(!I,1E" .?(. :the n$~W!iJl. , .. ' . _. . ,,_ _ ii.edi tie'ca,1ilsetibJ.e 'Qe.Il"~eTal ~·ov'ru:'n.m.ent aIru.ow's yO"lilll.

" .. ' ~~". S'EW:A.LL. .d.lld 'J;I!ot iI:,hl~ k t6,e g~ep;th:~~m n.-om, .~; .~OU:D t y.c,n . tllte e~p:='m'tatl,~~ of ~Ul' :fisiii!~"'. He ~~1j\' :!or.'k; had. !!t.eate:d,,_.h,1~OT. ~.~sobs:eJ~~l(l'ns· iOeli:€,'V~ mot"._A~d be .b~eYed the ~Iel)der,nanw.l!th m:rJl~,~h earn.iLo!r •. T bat gelJLt~.eDl.3i<n.,' saul be;fr-om Ncw' Y:Qf·k_ibad.as h:ttle real ea:re for seamen . claims .to, .hi~cl:f a, g-l"e'<l't deal Of· be:tl!e.v(J!l~n-ceand, .as bee had[ fo.("· the fish.eries of the· Unit,e,d. Sb11te's.,

,c.barhYto ~dle saJiJoi"s oi'·thte 'Un Hed" States ... H,ets.. Me:' S. sa[,d! he wotd.i3! next notice 8I);m.e·observa~ ..

ate ~tbe:r,. rifth~s hili; wnuii!~h: ,et);oiSlders .thies-.e ~m,en. 'tions ofthe genlh~lo;an froID_South Ca:roliI!lia~. (Mi. ,as ilJi'lcapabl.e of· 'taktog .eai,e·. of thetDi'SJeJJlveS., and ·PiNCKNEY.) wbj·eh pal"toook of ,oln·ething li~ ;arcaUs .~P'Q.Q- ,th,~ t~' .s.llooe!,~1I).e fo:i;'t~~eir ov;:~ &tip~ gum.ml.t. . ''1'hait g€!nderll3)n said ·the s:ailor~ ought lPo,,·~. Incase of,siJlic.kness cr mability. Wl_tib:out to 'pay -the tax, because :U~.ey Wel'le to recerve the taltiu.(;t ,!Jl., faw~bi_n,g 'fE'o'mlC:Hiepoeke't '011" .tl:le :United , bell7le.i~ ~u:is:in.g from il'..:· But he ib:ad. before slued S:~tiesi., '~'r: ft-om .t~e ',o/;:t-~t~,ew.o:a:o, ~i~ ms.el:f:~ .. , 'l."':b.e g'~._ i that the sll'i!a\~'Il.~~. of New Englland .g;],o lJj[Ci,t wa:!lt

·U,~n. B:ik)k~; 'Of ~ra,ril!;"'; .heth,oug:li!tb:i_sehald5r Ii 'tb~s, p1:o\\'ision,:a.iJIl~ .whf tint ·the:[!I1. fGr willal:t.hey ,eq'i;wl "t91tb~:~ ~~1:~.3fi~; .. JrMr. ~r''I'' J~G~TON ~d~. dOIil".'t want. '!l Th'i!':saillol.""s. 'th.er-e w01.dd b~ a'We:f~~ h~._, w~;:;, ~ fy.0m: 'spe~ll!lg of 11)1;:;:;. OWI:3i e~ ar l.t.y~] .1. to ,be.m_g removc;~,. fr'omth,en h?~!~: ~,d ~ll:mendfl:" to ~:r.;__ s..Sal~.~!i,e.w~ h_lm.!;;e:I~.l'!;Y~·uu:J.g a.!!t-fUm.s~ ~~;$ i 8; 1l!@splta-l_M_3c _dls.ta,n~(l.; ~t was ,sald th~ ~$ta.!; D,w'n l.;nt~ere~t;, .J)o'r' ·l,t badbeea. sauffi by the ge'nd!e~ ~ hsb.'meu,t woul.d ,afford s1.:Q:ular re']lef to t.h~t prOVl.-· :matJifrout"JN'ewY!)J'I':k- tbilltin ease' thJisbiU paSSIed ·ded.for our sa~~ol::S: in fOl'loaign. courrtries. H,e ini:io.;iiidaw.:: 'pen~m; Wh,Cli' had been beJ'letiofore 'caned . th~:oght it vary diffefellll .. 'as that was pl1'ovid'ed at \'l~ri . ~08ljtp~d.rt :thts' cl~s~'Q:f, D:UHll~' ~oUll,dJ' i~ the pU.hlh:: expeus~ and this ,'v~.s '(,~. b:}~aise~ from, future". 1rH~ exe I:iIS.oo. -[r·om tbl$ c ba:r~e; ·wiliu~l'ea.s:~ if the s:al~ors _ the,m,s,el ves. He bebeysd th e saflors of b' ·didtl.ot P~S.S.I. h..e :.sbo~td b,e ,charg;ed, ~hh 'this N,: :ew. ,England "vol~ld, sooner. ,:ta.~e :their ,~u~,1Il:ee tax. as ail. , presie:.1lr;. . But he: conte-nllie(J~tib.a~ .~S the abroad; i!:han :paYIDi$ tax for tor,e! gners, ,B'e$~des" sliiilo)':s. of~.Ma:,s;l1l:iehus:e't.l';s clI)uld. ,1l,O,iI; 'be exeused l tn,e &herroen li'I!.eVel' go int~ tJ~ Sou-ti,1I;eTO ,S·[;a:(·!';$;, f!"i:nD,,,,,.p.'"aJ.in~ .~.~,e.-.;. il!:O~fII ... _ ',~aJ(, .e's) it, "II!8i.s_h::,l,lrdnbey· . t;hey. a:r"€·eu..~·~,'l?'!I'ed,e..~clusiveJy in. fi,slbting aI1dJ.ex-

;,dl;!JIuld, be ,ealled. ~p.on ~gauilito.'Par fO!!i',11;~e :support p'or~~.t~'e:[!" ~.sil'D,. . .. , _ _._.. .1,'

of th~l'" O'll\l'n .body.. Ye'i'!;'~ fo'rdG'l:ug.thl$~, be WliIS Bes~des~ thIDS Ut~ wou.M have an ,efi'!!,N!!;t to drure c!:J.a:rg·ed'! .. ~ithpertihA6~:ty.H\n,d·a w.antoflboo~vole:nee 'O~,l" se.am.en o~tof the, ,eolllltry-.. TheL3ix w(ju.ld to-w3>,rdis 1.hiselMs ,of m,en. M;,r. S,.: believed he faJl upon the merehaDtjand be_ dedo:ct~d from :had. a. greate-l'. respect. for~eluhen· than :that gen- their -"'Wages., It would. also faU heavi,ecst 'I[l.POD;. tI-~:ma.n; aDd 'it waS hia. ()p~:i.on, thaI[ t~e sailors tlJ,Ose seam,en wh(), h~ve fam.iHesa1J!da:re fixedi,n w,e"te'.:able to "take ,eIU'C [of tbe'm.selv'6s w.l!!t.ho'Ut the 'l.hecOU'lll;ry. A f~JrIe1.e:net Qould .aflTor.d a s:nu~Jl d'!e;aas:i:;i:tanc.e. of the. genitlem,a." (Tom: N'ew Y Ol."k. d'ue'[_i'on from his ~ages;; but. a :tl:a, tiv,e seam,an,

. ·.~e8.iii~s,. s.iJ:.id "MJ:.' SO): "thi~ b~in.p'r.o:pos'es tl;u.e"e,[1e,e~ with ~ fa!mJly) (ioll!_ld not af(:~!'tli"t" " . "

'!ltioillJ . of p,ublt(::. ~~lspi~~s~ (hi?::<Y0'"m" ~c:o:n?m)lca.U:y A~ It r,e~'Pee'ls the federnhSlU of :tb,e l.bmg} he' 't;h.e:; _ ~~~. 'be· leu '~t,) ~o·~ .merre~r .for t.be- s!®~·~el'l; (l,~ w.~s. m favQr ofe'lre.r-y m'ea$uJ"~ Whleh\l'Ii'ent to ~m.e, Oluted is:~a.',esj bl9Jt lor tb,e s,e,<ame~ '0,[ f~,)l:e:Ign. l~a'bhii!b h:c'i!,:rmouy Ibettw"een dl:ffere,r;IJiL p'IDLl'ls ,of ,the n~ 1,i.oilllS; . $Q tb"", \ i~e :s .. fdl()r~ '0'[ . thi5. ,c:oun trY-,-a C'O't:mtxl~:;, but he: h~d: )10 iid ea o,f Ita::d.ng a iiii:ngle cla.s~ of LiIl.en whO' MV'€l Ei,ot;hnl:g to spar:e--:are abo oc,cll'H of m.en C,l'iI: IJus IlIIce'OlU::llt.

c~l~oo,~'upmi atll{·f.o,reed: t.(l:supp9r~: Q. pubn~ ebsl!'ity., J.YIr. S. S~UT.JiI. beH ved,. wit,h the ge'lildem,an

_". for.loleigners·; fOol:' oUitof·oi1~h.un(1h·~'d ¢.i;,tlZe.il_'JJS of: l~s!l up),tbat this. would. be a. tax 'U~nthe mel'···~e. 1Q~,:~te.d State~ w.p.o.'·p,~y .. t?;.'.tbi~.,~.n'dl."p~rhap~.· chaU.rI~::f as,_t~,~ 13at,.lo,.rs must hav,e ~ufflCli~nt to ,~,p~ '.·mot on;ewo.u.ld re.cel'V·,e au:y be'lJe:fit fr~m .Il~. If por't du~m. He dId not b.elteve the fi.-ili.e:rnum.e,l)uld tih,e:re had' been p~ev:lotJ,;s beD!~e'tion:si to =':\- c(]ln$l~ 'eomplain; fa-it: though the ~eIltt.eroaliO~ta.'ted tba.t . (feiable :amolUot fQr' tMs 'object, a:s had been the th .. e bounty aUo'\ved upon tb·Q exp(~rta1!lon of firsh

'. ~a'se- mo:i.1ie:( C9U!lltrieS~ and these. ,eo·Du::ibuti?·t!:swas {)"lilly meanill. :as, a dra~haek ·of .the d.Ultji' pai(l -yi~!!":e 'W:I;Bl~t;'ed." 9'i;! ly_ t¢;lr <;urrent ,!;"xpe:o.ses.~ the thm,g • ~p;o'n 'me __ .saIl: ~sed 1.:~ Sal h:m g :the fish. f~rro exporta.'w,b"l:dd bave been ·ffiffe!'lSli.[£;, I hon, 'e!;"Ii1:.l:Y man mast b'e convl.n,ce(!. ll~Ul.l, It _f£i. .. eX. ·.ilt· f:li'e- gen,tle'~~n ir,olIl Ne~." Yo:t:K. reproel>ent;s ce;;ds th'il.1t <';l..IB-OtUl't,. !liS, bebeRiev,e.dt~·o:S'u~:a;'I! :al]ow,ed_

,HI8r_['ORY OF' CONGRESS.

H.OFR,.]

[APIUL~ 1798.

was g'r'eater than the ~\rh?~ . .sunl paid. by t:ba.~ is 'po::l,5,essed of some. p'a['ticulara.dval)ta~e.s oveit':

State {:Ol' the ~u,h . duty. [T'lle Sf"EAK~n asked ether Sl:ates~ eve'!:}" e:llQZell of :1:hat SI,~a:t,e sb.aU pay W'h'e·th~:r these 0 bse:r:'I'"EH ~Of,lS applied so the ques- a p<oH tia.x of" 'ten d ,:,Uars :Ii! y[~,a!Lfbl·the b-e.i1l'e.6.~ ~f tion 1] If'th'ey d~~d not~ ~rr. ~.·wished ge.n.u.~en I the Union, a.s that the sailors of tb:at _S~t~sll<ou~d wh0:t:~ p:rece,cll~d h~ilI 0irl the sa"m6. subJcc;t. h~d) i be J_allecll llp~n to supp'~rn. ~n es~b~lsj:unent In b1;le;~. m.:t'erll"l:!IlP~e.d.· TileSOI11lt:her'll. States, Mr. s. ! \vluch~bey vnU be.,but l:i~de m~etesl';erl,. _. ..' ,eontiin:tu~dl ·w·ere ,as able 'to ke-ep th.e:i:l: seamen iI'om j Mr. .. -G1I.LLA,,[·I.N. sa.:ul t~Ull wa:,sr-a~ cal>'~?f .'vet'y :Dew periShing as the Eas,t.erIDI. 5, . btH th~ Wa~:;lI. me.asui'e imp're'S,~fiolt tiQ I!um~ whi .. dl.perbal.pa. mi;ght . be :~;H.le. '.w. hich. won .. M ~~(loufHJi too: the h'G. ID;_OT of d?-.e U ni tJedo .. , 'f ·t.~~. '. ~easg.ll:s:.,rh. y. he :C~-lt '~l:L~[I()1~ed .t?~'i"o't,e a,pm.s t States. No (sailor', he w~s. eertarn, would! g!lludge the ihlIt Ullul he saw.' some po.sJ,tlVcgood :a,s

to. pay 1!wetllty ee-nl!s: out. of. twenty dloUars for so !.ik.e~y· ~.O arise fr(:l·m. .. ii;1lJilr~eas'l!.r~,. he v~a:::<. ~hv:a.'~~111 'e~,ee-lk!lt ,a, purpose. The tax w,ouhl !Il:VtlllltuaUy 1:uc1m-ed ntthler to':Oi&~ ag31~~Il:St!~ than for ~t. T.~lS f~ll upo'n. til'e,. ifn.er.c.h. a. n.1: 01' .landh:m:l. ; .bU:¢ b.e b~ . bU.l ass!lm.@~~ priaciple ~'or. I~ .follll,da[;?Oll: ~l~e. hev·e,,;h.liJil'(}[). t ~ e J~:na tori:. as they ge;El eral I y got 1.11 e tf'll:uh o~ v,rfuch. be ~s :~...:o·t~ :ac~ uam ted. with, n:z~ sOI']:nJ.usotthe sl:il.lilQr~s l"np.[),ey. that the sen-moen of the Umted StaLes are not ab~,e .. . Mr. J .. P A R:KS"iR "\!i1'iit.S S:Ol'ty t ~e gen ~em,alli from to p·rQivide fmc ·t.henl:.seli ves, al'll d,. therefore, :t~,a! . it Mas~ae ~.us~:tt.$.: c.ouM not c. on.i\'il~err: aU dlJ..!1l. :S~:;3!.inen , i.:$ neee-ss~fY l~'O provHl,e 3). ~m.· . for tl]~u .~e h~t;.ln of tbe Ul'lrlet!l. 6tati~s ~;S. standi !l:lEpOU the same . ease of sl.,ck.n~s: or dl.s:ab!.ht.J.. H,e b.nd .not S'ee:n_ gro'iOlnd .. That g,ende:rnanwas. ' ·akelll whenhe this (Ustin,c·t)(),o. between them a:1l.dot.her elasses 'of ;lj~bl the b!.H ~V(ll'l!; ~O' pro fl fd e fer 't~e $upP?rt; ,of. ror~ 'eit;i z<e.n~, u:nd;, t~'el"efo~e,. believed ~hem~o~e ,~~pa·elgn~l"s:; ,~~ ~ado uo .. S'IIH::h 'Vi'~r; re p.rovu:l~~ only M,e of ;ta,Klli)rlP-:eare ,o~.·':h~m:s€lves,. JE:Ie ~!!'l:,ew ~b,e;:r.e for the reh.e-[ of our. OWl! elltlzeollS:.. A!1d, lin ,our w,ere;,111 aJI ~Clmr.oUI;!.H~,es~!il number 0] men who pre5c·D.'I: .d'I.!!~atilo'l1;)\rhe~~i [he 1C001:rntf'Y is t~ul~a~.mr.!i,(l,d . w'e'Ie, '~ot .slt~ri'e<ntl.y .provide'nt ao hallY by' money 1.0 wi:dl war, wl~a:t (>"n~()Ufn'I!:remenl:: wa::;th,ere for mend:lfcl<1~d relief in siekoess"or to make old age c-omto,en:'t~r(,lin bOia·~·d our V'c'~scls} if there were no fortab]eJ, bOlt he did : not know tha.:t there wa;s a, asyliIiJID for rhern .•. iii'll ~Il.SC they w'er~ sick or gt'e.~teil' numbee of this de.sc'dptj,oll. of perscas

W(JIoUlIHled1 It ·wooru,a. be wise a'lid politi,!!" in hi;sa.'mon~ seamen' thl'l!iI:l ,:un-o~g others*. .

opiirlioJ.lJ to. lJ~.gun ln~~sQr'E's whtch. lI'UU:'.lt plaee rbese Ins'~tutions of the hln,d recommended ill this l,er.s<CJ;m,s :iru.1lI. !i)etit-ersiil.ru11l1:['Oilll Uu.u;a. 3~ pr€s®lltt". The· b.iB miltl~~ ~,e(l.~ed il:l ()'t~et .eoc~nt:l"i'~s "\Vh~re w~~e J3.!t'~dl'lh sailor [lOoked up h'il GlI'ec-nwu::.h [iosp1t®ll as: "'\;,vas~. diISI;!!.O;(st~(ln betw.ee!I. sailees and other (:atll~ au M,Yhunwhdl aI,1 h~S; IIOU:; are 'over ;a.I~d p.~~ zeus, b'Ut~ iu the United s.~atjes1 h;e b~d DOt been. ba.p~ et m<ay ba O'li,\l"I'il~ U1 some Inetl;st~re, to t;,iU8 aM!~ to dl!.$coverai9Y l:m:Intel;"l®J dlstun~QtlOr.I!. ib,e~'WOOD cir,(lUltlS~;U.'l.c;t;', IEhat the ·U~·i.lh;h. sailers are eo v:a.li:a;ot them and other ,da:SSl6S of men, How f®lr mar.ine a set of men, nt~ hl)p<~~dj.thE'l:'e~:Ote. the sailoes of bosph~ls had been usefu] l~ Ellmp<~, l~e 'c:011[llld Ill~-t this country WOliLdd n;j;);~ be Id); 1:;0· (hfl doubtfnl be- teU; he kgew' there ooau)' .lrott~:Q I"ubJllie ~n,stit~ne'!1o~l{mee of othersj bUltth1'lt, b]{ J.la~5io,g~hh, biU; dons of hospitals, .&c.~th'E're:~ which. were ·pi;bll.blish.~ a ll~rm!J!lIl,e:.l.1.t r;elief ,Illig-lit be ~dIi.'Oli'ded th.e'rn 10 case ed mor. good. purpcaes at. nrstl' blll,it which 3..re oo..w or s'U,e~a:Me:ii!S~ ,d~:s;a.blbt'y', 0,1"' old! ag'e.. become W@l'·~e than I,(lIse!eO\l$. But, $,uppo.'>H1,g the

M!!". YlI.llNTJM csaid it had been ()b:;if'r~""e·11 tbi!fIJt this I ins:tit.ut~on to be a good oae, he tholIgllt it better bill w"Q'!;'I11 d .. ~li,~'i·e the e i:d~cf!.s ~f M.' :as:S8Jel!1l1i:!let~c8 ' te lea '11".' ,,~. the:. bus im.e:. es :a~ ~:I: .pres::en;t, and su:ff'er tJitls :from taxes lfll. su PJIlQ'l't ·of this !il]u;s. of M,eo. U. ems of p,e,opJ e to P:ir'i)'V} de '£or t:&I:e.m:s·e~ 'VEl:!;, 01:' to be. lni~hit in .sOl!l'e respect dn, this, bu~ cit would not pt.(I~fi.?!e"d fOl:i,n tbe.sall~,e~""a"y in wMeh. other po'o'!' .

f~lrCU$(!:-;3:,!.[OJrs :tJ:H';"lilselv('$. if.l'tHll J;sYlng eo ql~ :!:'UJl~ a!!i'I:~ Mck ord.lsalbj'i3;di pers~nsa.t~.lii;upp'o.t·fed, ,. '

:po~t of ornersj 'i:quill Uy' Wll.b tht';tf feU,o\v .. c:ltlZ,enil:" 'Tlu'!:f"e "iV1J!;;f'l ODe 'par'toil' the b~n wInch be sa~,dI he He did [HH .kiIDlo'W" hu'~ :UUtil tbt.~ U lEIll,ed Str~t~ ha.'v,e ,cfmJd not cOillsent t,!), vote for, viz~; that :perl~t wb.:i,eh tb;e.y.()wetf.~) rna.kcdl~ propo 'e~ ~('gtlD8thm.; .b1J.l:t. d~il'6et~ the ,erection. of b-\l]ldi.n~f>, a~ 'b~ ,¥:tW Beru.he. dH)'llg'ht lit WUoS ~ .LY.iJ..1'511!l'less 'w.ltu'ch Ulm"!'l i!'lart~'cu· vllle'fil<l that per.\iJ()l1I:s 0:( 'i!!W'(l:'ry del'ltc.np't.I:'O:1l may be l~r~y ,colw~r.!lc,tl ,~h~ .. l .. ~.g!':!atlJ:!,~'s 'oftbe huHYi,~l~~1 bene. r l'e~iev,~d. by.- }heillg' d:i:S:. p~rsed thi~)ug. J'l the S,t<l,t~, It thl"~lUEed SUHes,mdpE'.ld~ th.o·lji·gbt ,thlS C'(ilI.ll:n.l;iI·:r~ tban. lXl b,c~ng p.h':u,ed ~~~ a h,~s.Pl't~l. . He ,ell!l.~ ·flIf nh.>~\ oJ o"iQ nUl'c b :0)0['1(,: mJ p,ortiiul Ct' ·[b:~iO. W:aJiS o:pppsed ab,r.) Ito til e maln:net m w hie 11 the tll.l:1Id :a.ny o~bu, th~~ P(·olile at i:::U'g,e, 'he dlOurgh:t: ough'~ i~ pr:opos>ed Ito !be t.aise-d.. If .h'ew'Il.s incliri,ed ito' to bl; c;n.U~.d upon to !'ii!lpporl: tl:'u~trn i.ll di~"'tl"ess ~ iilI:n.d p~·O'\1'ide r-elief fot 8il!l.i].(lJ,"S, u(l; Eli dii,s:ti:inC1. ,cl~is$ Q.fc::i:H~ i:~ bO$pil!l~$ a:Ii'Iil.l,o,bt~ SIJ,~~rH}f'te~ fo:!' thi~ lil\l'l'"pose;; Ze'IlSI 'he was &gai!ll:S't plI"o·,,~,a:in, ~~ :f\ull'd, fOf the.p~r-"th'~;, pu~h'c ought. to sU~')p'0Ii'I~ 'thelnj a.n.o not the pose bya l:ax upo.~, ~bor:l WIMCb.WO'tdC!~ ~n aU. t'&-"

SaIlors ll:H'.!1;~s!i',lliI'l'i'I. """ . '. . .sP€cts, ha. :$ (l~P]tnti;(!1n'~ GentJem:e'lI. ffl.l,rcht·

,M: r", V. d Hi li-ot ok Il ow h,ow ~ h~ . g,oot~el'3:1i~ull w.b:o a.r.gue :£"51 tbe y -plensred.about til,e tax falling upO.1;l. usecllLlit)~~d(,!J:"~w()d. t~le Itl'["~ fe(jerlxh:.m,,) b!l.tlf j·IDlercb.a.n.u;.!, it .. w;ru;;. impossible. to sa.y ~pll}n -wb.o~ . be :m~nnt tbat f~der·.rulh:::lTl· w8101'11. W't,,,: ~tll])J'Ol"t0~ by . :eJo. ~aJl: ~~{'rl'il labor lVOllllld fall. lIn some lllsi!;anee:s .. m.1t the c,o~~Jliti~{lJ!nio~l,. be did n.M kll'01;V ~l'Q.W !b~ wo,tdd ' would. fuJ1illpon th.e ~ai]on themsel ves:; and in l'econ,~d.:e rt "l-vnh :r;.h,;;t·t cia Use of it winch :Sla;,Ys S,Q Ol'C of 'tbi.,e·se it ",·oul d be paid by tb e m e.r,e~~al!lts . ~ ,:ct.~at ID!oe!ii:phs.ti.ofi.,<:r ol,he~ ~direet ta:lI':! .~n~e t~~~m.Slcl.l"es .~!1~d ino~hel'81 by t~1;te o O'mlln:Oc!'lu.iil·y •.

B!I!t~.d, u'~',i.es~~1:l. proJ!J(.lrt~,on to d:t.e -e-~I::~'\J~:S 'o~r e.~urn'eir'-I • ~r.G.dHJ ,ll?t und!.er:st~ul,d lib,at,. 'there wa:s .any al.tOn dl.rl;"eted ,~CJl be takel'li.n. clil:snnct prO· ... ISlOU for sea'roEl'I!li. Ul the Eas1te:I'-U

:M:r· V. did .li-ot tbillk t!uu: th.n.:i'.' kind of tax: w~s StUes;. they ,v!?'re p['~'V'ided rOlF ill eOlmm~n.'W.it.h eo'n$~st,ent ~ut.t: fe~,a,~ prindph,,:s; fbI" it mig,I)."!; other ei"tize.i:l'$;. :~l."I.IU::f. as· it W'J;;:!; .allow·€',c.:t they :fur-as; \V~U be s.a.ld!~ becau;Sle: the State (l,fM$ssacb.us€"tt~ ntsh'ed. ewo4hirds (j·fthe Seale'H,en of" libe.: U.nited:·

T.:. (' I I" .~. '."0·.,·.·. 'DI··.·.···y: 0 .. -."F"" n .. '-'O'-.'.·N· .. 'G. ·'R~-g. ' .. ' c.· .. -".)l~. '.'1.'

... ID ,. _'"D ~,,_,IJllr. ; ~ ,.", 't-J' : "_ . I ' " ! ' ,'~HjCH.,.;_",.

A- .. c. '" ·.: .... ·,,.,,0' n1 . PFt.1Jll.." lL ,j <1i1'Q.,..Ji

[H,.o~R.

:: Silia,tes, andMilie Rep.re-",en!at.ilts:s ft~);m that q,uar- I DEFE;NCE OF FOR1;'S AND HARBORS.

:: 'ter'~Y;l:e~''V\T~a_t~i~ J ?f r'~ii'('!fth,es~~lor.Ltik~~bes:t; I: . Th,€ House: resotv,ed i.1ise~.f ifJJt,~~:Co:m~lf.l.ith~,e of , he tho!Ji~hil:. It :rtght t,o (:.ol'l:8uh il;heu: wIsihes: upon; the Whole!Q-f) the stare of die UI:!JIOU" Thch'. DENT '. the subJe~\>lC. .. .Lf. thA~y a.r'e sa t.isffl.,::~lJt,o .80PPO rt ,their ~: ~.,? _ ~b.e Gl)alJ'~ fO'T. tlifu ~ F~l"rU)se 'of ~aki" ]Uf:OI io~; 'seaux~ 10 the, ~~a,t thay do, h.e d~d~H.:rt kl]o~v su]~"ation the bill s!!Jpplementar::{ to.eact pro-

:' W~Y.;~ '.tax ,o'f. th]~ .klDd. sh!ould 'be 1I':a,ls,e.d, for '~tli:eu:-~: Vl.~.d]ng ... · .. co.iI:, lb.,e .. f'_~.r[!,er· -d'~fie:.n.'.Ge. of th.,.e .. p-o,: .. '.:'.!It.~s .;<).~u._d.:. · rebef ... _ . _ r- ,. . fu<uboH;i. (lithe Un~ted·S,tilliji;e~;,. ,'rbJ'l\!:Ohai.rH1::JlU

_ . M1l'. 0: sacim, .he~mJ_ldh{jl'!i'e be'~n ~lad to hav~ ba1!'ing g-one ,'t~roug~l the . a!];dJ repeacted th'e

.,'kO,O:WD ;sE?'rne,t~mlW ;<l,lS to . th e .. e~er;:.t. th]::il lli~"W: WlI)wdij:l'st :se~ UOr,lCI in which -waJ$ . a k foe rhe ,s~.m~o

~ .' poo.a'Ue,e l~ th~£_ clty. !'twas w~n !t!!llIOWfi the me:rn~ 'I t€l a !pp:ropl'"iated, .

,· .. ber fmi!ln.lt)· .whow'(I':'uM haV"e been p(l~s,e.":s,edL Olf n : ·MT. S.S.m.:m"WH ~fl.idi.· ~;s· rhe ,cha,irm:1l'(l of (~.e :_, ~:",,·e.:1~]·r)I~ol:inad6,n ,on the·S'~bJ.eet, ,h,~{llboon·~·19ll,g: e'~;l:oinniu:eewh,o'rep0ifted. ~he·bjn (Mr,. S,EW;&.LL). ,: LEnn,e. smk' aD-~ u~,a.bl,e tiJ' auen.d 't? ~ns ihlty:,.m .llb1s I, was. u:o'~:i ~.: his. plaee. he s.h.0uM prop!)se ~;() en ~hje .,. H.aase ... Seen),g ~he. J:te,f.lr:e&En}ta~]'V'es f~Qm New- blank wi(tt(wQ ill!l~dred 'lbm(!sand dolfars. . ...

i YQ:r ;It,: Ba·· , . _-,::KF1;d Ch~dJea~o:o,in fa V{~r' Q~ il::" ·.WJle:O· s,~ak ~p g 'on '!.hls slL'Ilbj G'~C jb:elorel, be' had , . and :d~e, E,aslie.TTI mtes.i:lJga·~u"St r~,:l'l and fi~t li:ll?,wlng: . said ~h3Lt $l5~.,OOO (and. :lH),it$[15,O©O~ a;s: h.e fO!JI1l.d. ::; ,tbe: W1Si9£:5 or the;.peopte or: p;o.lia-ille;l:plua w·~th.te~ I he :hald. be·einll undle'il"stOod eo :salt} halu. been estima:' <5p'ec~_fo_;the:. m:~~~'(l",e~ ~e._d!oQM ~ym,h f~:!.tl~e l~o:1 ~ed<]J;s~Thecessa~~r.; 1;HJt- h~ olrcl,e.~ "o]~~vG. ~.~uqil:us; .. O,b"taHl.~.olme .lJn:fofmauou~ _up0il"l! .·du! S:!il.qJ(';t':.~~ ine . lfi !I.h.e ha')i!J;d~ ,~,~ dWPiliClSlde,Jitl, ~_je be~~e:yed.1l1'; wo~d.d

:' .. the:~efo~e '(!I)ov~e_d ,~~ :po~.;'!~~~e;. ~~,~ ;~r~e·stlOD .?'.n, l~~Je . os p~Q~pe:r ,t(".! nn . d~ II: I~la~lk wIth t;~e I~!]:~ll,~·. h~-<1 ;.pa .• ~ o~. ttu~ b~n f?["[,W'Q,.(lays; lID m~d~l" ~~at fue ][l!afneo.. BO"~.I1l1s he .~OW· saw ~h.e,eb~u=a.n ~n lU:!l< · an, .s. coHeagl~ecs liUl;ghtruakJe some :m9,tlil:nes OiBI .p~ace~he<w\ould pr:onabty '$t~v;:. wbl3it the 'estU'.I1);ate

, '. t.h:e :S'll bleCil:. ...,: W'3;S~ .

~ . :!\Ill:'. lffABTi.E-Y se(l:!!Y~;ded the ~(I':ioa. . I; Mr· iSEWALlL s~-eond·e'd :th'e mQiI).ion for fi.Hing the

. M'r, LntfNGlST'?N~ . .b;acll no ohJ~ctton N) the. POi&t~·i·ib[a.nk. wit~$:WOiOOO. Th,@:· estioo;a:tJe wh~eh the

_~cm~~m.~~t)~,.pec~~l~ras;t~e.ge~:~le.~.~e~f1Eom Pe~n- ,i c?mmiU-€€ had ma.d!e., he stati.E!ld eo he as fQllow3:; sfh.~[ua, b.iil~~ ~;g:pr~.ssed hte :rmtenlton of, votIng A't B(}stoil]:~ where. DO, mOfliey has nSIr£oofO'r-e

. ,." £1'";8:,' .... ., .•• "' ·~·le·· blllll :I!? 'n,""''''~'''cl",'{; 11'''''''''''''''''1:;' .. D rl <i!,,,,,c BellS"'" . - _ -":~_;] .~.. .. U· .... _...i ""' .. , . L! -b.

.' '''c·: ~,,,,,,,, I •. ~ .,'" ,"_,_.t. .'"....,~ "';"- "'; x'''' ... ..,..., •• ' ''l "'::--'.-" ,~", - '-- -e- C "". be€\Il. !BxpeWlli.:lio:::.u.. uy t;.!_j,e, I. n~j'-""'U",,\taite:i>. 'wIne_'

: cheklle~,!::~~e e~e:ct .. ~.:t: .1.:'''\l;9l~,l"'Y~ wo~~l.~ ~@. fv!'!"orab~€ is !there:fg~;e wJlt.l'il.Q'ut'l]Jefet'toe~ t;h.Q'ugh. as ri.k~~:y

·.it? tibe b~U, :esMrru.e ~c~cv~ tb~S~~IIY,,;l\l7aS'filu.ch. ltD. JtiOOO str!!lek~Jt lily an eoolemyas a.;IiliYIP0rtm

_. thee saw!'.:!" ~:I.'EllIa:t~Oll .... v:l.th :theclty Q . .f N ew York. . II tlbe U~i,o~ ~$50.@OO

· 'TJ!Ie. qU€:Sl:iQll! for a P'Q8tpo~eme~t was fU1t a I':Hl : Ali N·,,e:...,pil'f.rt, wh~r-.;l IOO.ffi.e.p-r:o,:",-[s'i;WD. has a.1h-ea.--. .. '

~a.l"rled. . . d:-y be.e:llmad-e :B10~ 0£10

At N·e.w" Y,o:ik. wbcrr-e some ;f..::rditlca'ti.o:os.arie

W"'iBD1i~B$D4:Y,. Apdl 11- all''ea;d.y ,e~~~lJ.a fm:tb.er sum i". !l.ece$S!liQ·

.:OO<r GOlv£t;rno:r"~ [sl.8::IJI;d,.. on. wbi<ili. f:b!e Un~t.ed

Mr,. GOItDON reaewed b~s; m,o,t],~n~i!) take off I~he, Sta.tesb:s.'Vo< e.xpetuled @b(fQ!t ~la.~(H}

__ I:ojunc:'ti'o£J oJ sil"lcn~cy- t'[-.0'OO. t~·e m.e;mOe'l's of _ l~iJ3. At B"'l!)tm(Joir'e,.whtt~e :so:tl"l!I3Jw;oneybacS heen ex-

,Hou~e wi~h ('e'S'!P'€ct to. 'the in::s:01Jct.ions of the E.:;:;- pe:_nded .. hut it; fu<l:1'l' ltteen[,ciflwc.sew~~edw il:hc

em.:ttiv,etiQ· ,OUitF En'V'@'Y's to the Fre'ach R'@P!:lIb~:ic~. . oo-mmru.ttee.thut the foriifiea6otl;s w:u :irJ5uffi.~

a;t~dl h,o'ped~ the 'H~'U8e :andgalleric-s would be' ~lear~ 'e~~t: ':Blnd ill-P:le:i::·e{l ':"'

'ed. (If· srl::ra:ogif':rs fur. the, PUl'"PiQ$'e" At N@Tfnllk. for cS'l;abl~slrin;g a ~w f.omflm::artio:n

M~. NlIC·E:O:LA.S did. ~iot dijri.k~t I]ee,es:s~ry to, take Qn Ol~ P()dflt CiOmf.od~anil Pori!; Nel:so.n,

.. u~ tj]l~ :tHcEs~rna""s. _ B,e: saw .. t~~o€:. :in5~ruc'tk~.n:s 1;vier.e AI:; Ch:ai'!"]~1i«o. ~~ H"IC fio:rtill1e1'!.tiOThS tbe:1;'e p~in:tj~d. )J'y t,,!e SeDai~e, ~nd ~ald (),n thelx d:Sc~$~ i At Se,'~oc(!Jl:ahaJ)!il S't~ Macry's in Gcow-gia and as die. pr~oj.e'r's .h.:HI.J~ ~IDs·el:'lied the lVb:ole :®cf tIle ,.

d~~,s. p.ate.h.e. ,sine '?'nejp,'a.·J?e,r~r- B(i.·.~.up'po"ed:· ilhe.in1i.<tru~~

t.lQO ;s,WloulOl!, :be pruuhslu!:d HI. the S:l.lDe 'Wily~ a"[l.d ~.f

:So" tb,ere w;a.:;;: 1110 nec€Ssity f{)J·ra!J!,Y flIJ!t'i!:bece: pubHca- 'In thts. S,tn:a:~. Mr. S'. ~aid,. W¢J::e jjtu;I'tl!~!I2'(lse\1'"o@ra1 il\ion ·of 'tb..am", SUJll.S: eon tai:ru';;d ·i.n a fQ.r-:rner @ti n1J:a.~e:; of .... "'Ph ]'ei1 a

The m.·[!It1.onfo1t" il-aking iU.p !tId'S lllOlli!;Ije£ ",-"as P'!]Jt: balaI.lce ~)cf $90,000 re:m;ain unexpen.&l'id. De,dl(:l'c.t

5l.nd. llegaif;jvedl~33 ~:o3()., _ . this 'SQ1'l'lfrou"l! the ~hD've~l an,a. t,h~f.,e..~W'iq :reln~l'lm!

Mr. l.L'.-Ril"ER: !i;I;id a.:i:>esoh.l.!lo!U on the taMe; I,'WO- I $U,,[),OOO to be pn:nrid'~'''-l to;r; blll:~'l.I!), (lm)S_1.dJer.~.tHJ'n.

poa;[ragtille~ppo]il]otm,elillt ill_the'War Dep:a!::trn,-:ut, of Ilhe: gern;8l?ai .a1.':ltnQn'l.y jp];ac1e& i"ru. the: P.r>es~-clle._nt,

•~T antI $ftlfu..o:rd:I.IiJiate th.f?}j[eil:o". of an ,officer fol." the']! rn- t:he comlniHe-eeoruc:il:J!d'ed to l<'ecom mend fi:1l. ap'pr'O-

~ lnecHia toe snpe:d!i1l tienrl enoe andeo!lThstI'nc"tio:o of fol'- • ~iP'riatiolil of $20U~;OOOI. . , .'. . ."

. ..;, . Mt. ]3.["OUNT obsen'eit, f;h;at~bel'e was no e~U-

t:tl~ic:ano'ru;," •

!. Mr ... SiB'WALL .la.id. befo~rethe HOllse a~ette:[' f'rommal:e,iu th€: :!O:tateme~twhi_eb. !b:a!GI beer!! mtld!e~ for

'i~'the S'!3;e~wta:jjy 0f Wa!i', ~dosiIDg ce.tah .... eammil!l,-!l.hce: f6r:t:itfic<ltiQl~':l!). in No~tlil~ Galtoli!l'!la; ;and~ fbo{iJ;" 'the :'. Ldoadolls on the. subje.et ort:~,edefence, .of·[lli:e InjQ,(!~~(ling~ ha\.d i~th[~ .bl[lcime~$Jl~~,~,tof;ore'll l~e w.as ~ _ C(J.untry ;.wru;cll W1s.e refe'J:T(ldtothe C'H1Jj!.m!it1I;1iH~ eo~n1l!l!r~e.6d of :dli;e p'~O[p:rlety pf d:€s!lg~at"ng .th'e dll~~, of th.e Wl101,e 00 the- sta:t!e 16f the Urdon. .. , ..' ._ fer~'l')!it plae:,e,s at wlueh monccy~uuld be e..-..::pe..Dd~.d·1 ; .. '. .A. .me:;;sage . wa.S . t€,~:el'l1'. ed fr'~Hn 'thee. Se na. tJern- ,a.!l'lrd·~ ~H~' amount fCl'r' each~ cO t! ~~U[lJg the. '~ppli'o'pr~a~

~.'. ~fQrm • iIlh'e HOii;!J,s1i'o t:h;a,t il:h(!y had pa.S!soe.dJ a bm fo:r tlo~1!,-no . Stic.mc <):>l 'W-o.tl! ~d: be liIke1y ]:0 al!],$wer some.

l' ther:e~Ji .of ,JQ.$leph No,fljJi:'se'~ til.! whi,e~ ih.cy:request 'lo1'alua\ble ]P¥]t'"pose. BJ€:therr,efo:r.e l'l.Jo'!>',ed that: the

•. . '; co.J:o.mn.1;U:ee rfse:, 'and if this mo::l:io~ was c:a. .. d€-d~ h,e

it. CO'l1! co orre,~,ee.. • .

~

3<0,,0000- 4cO.OOO 15.0(ll;O

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