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Table 1 Direct Backward and Total Backward Linkages

Direct Backward Linkages


Sector
2005
Value
Rank
0.3531
13
AGRICULTURE
0.1759
15
CRUDE OIL AND NATURAL GAS
0.5786
4
OTHER MINING AND QUARRYING
0.9718
1
LIGHT MANUFACTURING
0.4674
9
HEAVY MANUFACTURING
0.7086
2
PETROLEUM & COAL PRODUCTS
0.5622
7
ELECTRICITY & GAS
0.4065
11
WATER
0.5696
6
BUILDINGS & CONSTRUCTIONS
0.2800
14
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
0.5768
5
HOTEL AND RESTAURANTS
0.6490
3
TRANSPORT
0.4528
10
COMMUNICATION
0.4048
12
BANKS, FINANCE, INSURANCE, REAL ESTATE & BUSIN
0.4968
8
OTHER SERVICES

and Total Backward Linkages


ect Backward Linkages
2010
Value
Rank
0.3020
13
0.1061
15
0.1841
14
0.7197
1
0.3608
8
0.5712
2
0.3480
9
0.3138
10
0.5193
3
0.3113
11
0.4944
6
0.5008
5
0.5063
4
0.4133
7
0.3064
12

Value
1.7056
1.3521
2.1674
3.1747
1.9258
2.1715
2.1955
1.8269
2.1642
1.5460
2.1997
2.3865
1.8443
1.7711
2.0219

Total Backward Linkages


2005
2010
Rank
Value
Rank
13
1.5187
12
15
1.1755
15
6
1.3099
14
1
2.3017
1
9
1.5908
8
5
1.7012
7
4
1.5652
9
11
1.5107
13
7
1.8766
4
14
1.5535
10
3
1.9522
3
2
1.8732
5
10
1.9591
2
12
1.7339
6
8
1.5366
11

Sector

AGRICULT
CRUDE OIL
OTHER MI
LIGHT MA
HEAVY MA
PETROLEU
ELECTRICI
WATER
BUILDINGS
WHOLESAL
HOTEL AN
TRANSPOR
COMMUNIC
BANKS, FI
OTHER SER

Value
0.7272
0.4223
0.6766
0.4492
0.3824
0.7106
0.6681
0.5085
0.3998
0.6851
0.3484
0.6159
0.5697
0.5750
0.1551

Table 2 Direct Forward and Total Forward Linkages


Direct Forward Linkages
Total Forward Linkages
2005
2010
2005
2010
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
1
0.7074
3
2.3798
2
3.6650
11
0.5726
6
1.9833
10
5.0127
4
0.8826
1
2.2333
5
3.1227
10
0.4133
10
1.8120
11
3.4817
13
0.3057
12
1.6695
13
3.5127
2
0.4071
11
2.4049
1
3.4531
5
0.7620
2
2.2652
3
4.0401
9
0.6565
4
1.9971
9
4.6218
12
0.2255
14
1.7046
12
4.5851
3
0.4214
9
2.2589
4
3.5480
14
0.2560
13
1.6040
14
4.3830
6
0.5348
8
2.2298
6
4.4773
8
0.5543
7
2.1569
7
3.2515
7
0.6461
5
2.1528
8
3.8925
15
0.0413
15
1.2392
15
3.6488

d Linkages
2010
Rank
8
1
15
12
11
13
6
2
3
10
5
4
14
7
9

Table 3 Direct Backward and Total Backward Linkages


Direct Backward Linkages
Sector
2000
Value
Rank
0.2465
14
AGRICULTURE
0.3048
11
CRUDE OIL AND NATURAL GAS
0.3735
8
OTHER MINING AND QUARRYING
0.6443
3
LIGHT MANUFACTURING
0.5590
4
HEAVY MANUFACTURING
0.7219
2
PETROLEUM & COAL PRODUCTS
0.3120
9
ELECTRICITY & GAS
0.2377
15
WATER
0.3756
7
BUILDINGS & CONSTRUCTIONS
0.2522
13
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
0.4239
6
HOTEL AND RESTAURANTS
0.4970
5
TRANSPORT
0.3072
10
COMMUNICATION
0.2549
12
BANKS, FINANCE, INSURANCE, REAL ESTATE & BUSINESS
OTHER SERVICES
1.2070
1

and Total Backward Linkages


ect Backward Linkages
2006
Value
Rank
0.3193
12
0.3894
7
0.2152
15
0.6673
3
0.7679
1
0.7421
2
0.3285
10
0.2553
14
0.4259
6
0.3231
11
0.6247
4
0.5021
5
0.3460
8
0.2788
13
0.3337
9

Value
1.6585
1.8562
1.4974
2.2980
2.9624
2.2258
1.5912
1.5279
2.0979
1.5667
2.3522
2.0602
1.7195
1.4755
1.6334

Total Backward Linkages


2000
2006
Rank
Value
Rank
9
1.3975
15
7
1.6826
12
14
2.0076
11
3
2.1223
7
1
6.2892
1
4
2.1123
8
11
1.4265
14
13
2.0632
9
5
2.0358
10
12
1.5012
13
2
2.5951
4
6
2.4433
5
8
2.2190
6
15
3.7877
3
10
4.8055
2

Sector
AGRICULTU
CRUDE OIL
OTHER MIN
LIGHT MAN
HEAVY MAN
PETROLEUM
ELECTRICIT
WATER
BUILDINGS
WHOLESALE
HOTEL AND
TRANSPORT
COMMUNIC
BANKS, FIN
OTHER SERV

Table 4 Direct Forward and Total Forward Linkages


Direct Forward Linkages
Total Forward Linkages
2000
2006
2001
2006
Value
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
0.6563
5
0.6897
7
2.1537
5
2.2264
18.1907
1
1.2087
2
47.1104
1
4.2099
1.2733
2
5.7214
1
3.3988
2
19.0969
0.4443
8
0.3850
10
1.7315
8
1.6618
0.5812
7
0.6963
6
2.0820
6
2.6838
0.8853
3
0.9795
3
2.6356
3
3.3250
0.6567
4
0.7005
5
2.2164
4
2.5352
0.5862
6
0.8073
4
2.0286
7
2.3617
0.0687
13
0.0000
15
1.1033
13
1.0000
0.3631
11
0.5956
8
1.7143
10
2.3141
0.2876
12
0.1437
13
1.4814
12
1.1959
0.0000
15
0.3078
12
1.0000
15
1.6684
0.4089
10
0.3736
11
1.7279
9
1.7514
0.4181
9
0.3909
9
1.6910
11
1.6924
0.0529
14
0.0880
14
1.0822
14
1.1121

d Linkages
2006
Rank
8
2
1
12
4
3
5
6
15
7
13
11
9
10
14

Table 5 Direct and Total Backward Linkages between Agriculture and Energy-Related Sectors (Malaysia)
Direct Backward Linkages
Total Backward Linkages
Sector
2005
2010
2005
2010
Value
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
3
0.0000
3
0.0189
2
0.0254
CRUDE OIL 0.0025
1
0.0360
1
0.0361
1
0.0485
PETROLEU 0.0125
2
0.0048
2
0.0116
3
0.0110
ELECTRICI 0.0047
total
0.0196
0.0407
0.0666

ectors (Malaysia)
d Linkages
2010
Rank
2
1
3
0.0849

Table 5 Direct and Total Backward Linkages between Agriculture and Energy-Related Sector
Direct Backward Linkages
Total Backward L
Sector
2005
2010
2005
Value
Rank
Value
Rank
Value
3
0.0000
3
0.0151
CRUDE OIL 0.0000
1
0.0114
1
0.0236
PETROLEU 0.0125
2
0.0044
2
0.0147
ELECTRICI 0.0069
0.0194
0.0158

ure and Energy-Related Sectors (Philippines)


Total Backward Linkages
2005
2010
Rank
Value
Rank
2
0.0038
3
1
0.0344
1
3
0.0140
2
0.0535
0.0522