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Stacey Beu

English 1101, Mrs. Warner


MWA 3

Introduction
When the breaking news alert comes on the TV screen and says theres been a school shooting, people have
feelings about it very quickly. Shortly after the news breaks, theres always an outcry from what seems like two
groups of individuals. Group one says that we need to focus on much stricter gun control policies, while group two
tends to say that if teachers were armed they could have stopped the carnage that occurred. I am a gun owner and
feel that anyone ought to have the right to own a firearm, but when does that right (or lack thereof) cause serious
problems for the rest of the population? In light of that, for this particular assignment, I chose to ask myself, Should
teachers and other school personnel be permitted to carry firearms on school grounds? I found four articles that
reviewed that idea, all with varying ideas and thoughts. Article One is called The Real School Safety Debate: Why
Legislative Responses Should Focus on Schools and Not on Guns, and I chose it because the author did a very
good job supporting her argument. Article Two is called Arming the Good Guys: School Zones and the Second
Amendment, and discusses the history of the Second Amendment and its relevance today. Article three is entitled
School Violence: Reported School Shootings and Making Schools Safer, and discusses alternative means to
preventing school shootings, rather than only focusing on gun control. And article four is called School Shootings
and the Legislative Push to Arm Teachers, which breaks down how several states responded to school shootings
and how those responses have effected their schools.

Article 1
In her article The Real School Safety Debate: Why Legislative Responses Should Focus on Schools and
Not on Guns, author Rebekah Elliott suggests that legislation should focus on funding for individualized school
safety plans and school resource officers, rather than exclusively whether or not guns should be allowed on school
campuses. Elliott supports this suggestions by discussing situations in which school shootings were stopped by
either trained resource officers with or without guns, or by school employees who were well trained for the situation
without the use of firearms. Elliotts purpose is to pull focus from reactive legislation, and instead turn that energy
towards proper funding for other means of ensuring student safety. Elliott uses a calm, factual tone with her readers,
who may only be thinking from an emotional angle, that there is more than one answer to the issue of violence in
schools.

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

Title of Reading and Author: The Real School Safety Debate: Why Legislative Responses
Should Focus on Schools and Not on Guns, Rebekah Elliott
Page
Quotations
Commentary/Analysis
531
Of the 79 total mass shootings that This quote really jumped out at me, and it
occurred from 1983 to 2012, only
was towards the very beginning of the
eight occurred in elementary or
article, which really helped to grab and
secondary education facilities.
hold my attention. It seems like today we
see nothing but mass shootings play out
on the news. This is always followed by a
temporary spike in legislation to ban guns
or make it harder for people to get one,
which takes over the media for a month.
Afterwards, it doesnt get brought up
again until the next shooting. Granted this
statistic doesnt include the last three
years, but to know that over the span of
almost 30 years only eight mass
shootings occurred in schools absolutely
blows my mind. With the concentration
of horrible images and statistics that are
thrown at us on a daily basis, I assumed
that this number would be much higher,
and was shocked that it turned out to be
less than 10. Eight is still far too many,
but it just goes to show how much we all
hype ourselves up about each instance of
violence to jump to some emotional
reaction.
532
School safety encompasses far
When I think of the word safety, I think
more than preventing shootingsit of measures being taken to prevent bad or
is about ensuring a safe and
evil outside forces from coming in and
welcoming learning environment
causing harm to others. I didnt stop to
for all students.
think about the idea that a school should
be welcoming for all students, rather than
merely a brick building theyre required
to sit in for several hours a day. I never
minded going to school, but then again I
always felt comfortable while I was
there; I wasnt ostracized for any reason
and I wasnt picked on or bullied.
Children ought to feel as though they are
coming to a school thats not only
physically secure, but also emotionally
welcoming and inviting. I liked Elliotts

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

537

Rather than hastily pushing


through reactive and emotional
legislation that tends towards the
extremesarming teachers or
banning gunsstate government
officials should consider legislation
that increases funding for school
resource officers and establishes
minimum requirements for
individualized school safety plans.

use of the word encompasses here. It


pulls together the full sentiment of the
sentence with just one word, almost
making you think of a building with a
protective bubble around it; a building
being encompassed by safety and
acceptance.
This was the ultimate point of the article
itself. I admire the authors ability to so
neatly summarize her entire 29 page
article in to one sentence. I never stopped
to think about any other alternatives to
the issue of mass shootings in schools
besides whether or not teachers should be
armed on school grounds. Thats the
narrative that is always tossed out there
when one of these horrible instances
occur. This was the first article I read for
this assignment, and it has really opened
my eyes to other possibilities. We had a
resource officer in my school, only one,
but I remember seeing her walking the
halls and feeling a very strong sense of
security, even though I never felt any
kind of real fear in my school. Maybe the
visual impact of such an officer would be
enough to at least give pause to anyone
who would consider violence in a school,
and if not the officer would be there to
handle the situation, not a nervous
teacher whose sole focus should be on
teaching, not taking out a gunman. This
one sentence does such a great job of
pulling together all the main points of her
article as well as staying true to her
stance throughout.

a. The reading is interesting, informative, and engaging.

A B C D F

b. The reading is well organized starting with a clear purpose,


progressing by ordered stages, developing unified and coherent

A B C D F

paragraphs and with effectively placed transitions.


c. Helpful examples and explanations are provided.

A B C D F

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

d. Facts are reliable and/or verifiable

A B C D F

e. Opinions are well-supported

A B C D F

f. The author defines difficult vocabulary and uses the appropriate level
of language for the article. (Keep in mind the source the article may be

A B C D F

found in!)
g. Sentences are clear and sophisticated.

A B C D F

This article was interesting from the very first sentence of the very first paragraph. When I chose this topic
I initially worried about having to read a lot of dry, uninteresting statistics about violence in schools. This article did
such a great job of combining facts with anecdotes, opinions with supporting examples. I didnt mind having to read
all 29 pages, even if it did slide in to legal jargon that I didnt really understand sometimes. From the beginning the
author is very clear about what her stance is towards the topic of whether or not teachers should be allowed to carry
firearms in schools. She would bring up specific instances of school violence that supported her ideas about better
preparing the staff for emergency situations, rather than just giving them a gun to carry during school hours. The
author used a lot of examples throughout the article. The shootings at Sandy Hook (p. 524) and Columbine (p. 529)
are specifically mentioned. She also shared stories about school staff that helped stop a violent situation, including
one scenario where front office personnel that were so constantly trained in what to do in a hostile situation thought
the gunman who walked in to their office was acting out a drill. Because of their training and preparedness, they
were able to diffuse the situation in a calm manner, and the gunman surrendered peacefully to responding police
officers (p. 540). For every claim the author makes in this article, she has a corresponding source to support that
claim. She didnt only focus on her belief, either; she spent time making sure both sides of the argument were
expressed clearly and fairly. There werent really any terms for the author to have to break down that much. She
probably brought the legal terminology down to a more simplistic level, but my understanding of such material is so
limited that it would take much more than the 29 pages she wrote to fully explain all of it; I still managed to take
away the pertinent information that was needed. Her writing is very clear and informative, yet manages to be

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

gripping and descriptive. I was very impressed with how much I wanted to actually read this article, and not just
skim it.

Article 2
In his article Arming the Good Guys: School Zones and the Second Amendment, author Grant Arnold
claims that, because it is unconstitutional to disarm all American citizens, the best way to prevent school shootings is
by arming teachers and staff that work there. Arnold supports this claim by using historical data regarding the
Second Amendment and discussing school shootings that happened at institutions despite being marked as gun-free
zones. Arnolds purpose is to provide insight as to why the Second Amendment is important in order to convince
readers that the best way to prevent any further school shootings is to provide faculty with the ability to defend
themselves and their students. Arnold uses an academic tone with the law and education-affiliated readers who
predominantly read the journal the article was published in.

Title of Reading and Author: Arming the Good Guys: School Zones and the Second
Amendment, Grant Arnold
Page
Quotations
Commentary/Analysis
483
In fact, since there were no police This particular quote speaks about
or a standing army, English
Medieval England, so granted, its not a
Freemen were expected to be
very current fact. However, the fact itself
armed in order to help keep the
really stood out to me, primarily the word
peace.
expected. This was not a request made
by the English government. It was an
actual requirement for these men to
maintain arms in their house and on their
person, in order to keep the peace in the
areas they lived in. Such an idea seems
alien to me. Theres no way that our
government today would permit
American citizens to do the peace
keeping in their neighborhoods. I would
think a big difference between then and
now would be our exposure to pop
culture and video games, which can
glorify violence at times. This also goes
to show how much more faith they had in
their citizens at that time than our

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

504

Yet having a law on the books


does not prevent a madman bent on
mass murder from committing such
atrocities, especially when, in the
end, they plan on committing
suicide.

505

That being said, the unfortunate


reality is that for every person
effectively treated, there might be
five more people struggling with
suicidal thoughts and mass murder
tendencies.

government does for us now, or how


proactive the citizens were in that time
compared to now. It seems nowadays
people are more than happy to let police
officers handle all the hard, dangerous
work of keeping our streets safe.
I could not agree more with this sentence.
I havent determined my stance on this
particular topic, but I do know that I fully
relate to what this quote says. An
individual with the driving, persistent
thought to cause grievous harm to others
will find a way to inflict that harm. We
have laws against drugs, stealing, and
arson, yet people are arrested for these
things every single day. In order for a law
to be accepted and put in to practice
depends on having law-abiding citizens
who are willing to obey it. There will
never be a time when every single person
in this country is willing to follow every
single law simply because its written.
Mental illness is a huge factor in cases of
school shooters. Ideally, anyone with a
mental illness would be treated right
away and thoroughly. Many people who
talk about more strict regulations on guns
talk about the need for more intense
background checks to include a full
history of mental illness as well as a
current psychological profile or exam. I
feel something along those lines would
be beneficial for the most part. If a person
wants to buy a gun, and doesnt have any
ulterior motives for the firearm, why
cant they wait an extra few days or even
a couple of weeks to receive that firearm?
However, this article states that most
people who conduct school shootings
have taken a lot of time to plan the event;
it wouldnt be much of a deterrent to
have to wait for a gun if theyre already
being methodical and taking so much
time to plan out the shooting. While the
idea of doing deeper checks in to persons
psyche sounds like a real fix, itd be easy
for a person to lie or manipulate the

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

system, then simply wait for their letter


of approval to buy that gun just in time
for what they have planned.

a. The reading is interesting, informative, and engaging.

A B C D F

b. The reading is well organized starting with a clear purpose,


progressing by ordered stages, developing unified and coherent

A B C D F

paragraphs and with effectively placed transitions.


c. Helpful examples and explanations are provided.

A B C D F

d. Facts are reliable and/or verifiable

A B C D F

e. Opinions are well-supported

A B C D F

f. The author defines difficult vocabulary and uses the appropriate level
of language for the article. (Keep in mind the source the article may be

A B C D F

found in!)
g. Sentences are clear and sophisticated.

A B C D F

One of the most interesting things about this article was the historical route the author took with it. Instead
of only focusing on current issues, he took the time to explain why the Second Amendment was included in the Bill
of Rights in the first place. I wasnt aware that the Second Amendment comes from Medieval English law, which
required free Englishmen to keep themselves armed in order to maintain the peace; there wasnt a standing army or a
police force at the time (p. 483). Initially I was a little concerned about the order of the article, and whether or not
such a history lesson would make sense in the development of the paper, but it really did add a lot to the subject
matter. The author transitions smoothly from explaining the reason for the Second Amendment to describing legal
cases involving the Second Amendment. While the article is well written, I think the author could have used slightly
better examples to support his opinion that school personnel should be armed while on campus. He mentions a few
cases like State v. Chandler (p. 490), Houston v. Moore (p. 491) and Johnson v. Thompkins (p. 491). These cases
relate to the Second Amendment, but the decisions of the courts only vaguely mentioned the Second Amendment, or

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

brought it up in passing. He could have chosen examples that werent so vague, or ones that were more specifically
related to the Second Amendment. Facts throughout the article are well sourced, and the footnotes are clearly
marked as well. His opinions are supported, even if those examples I mentioned earlier werent necessarily the best
he could have used in his article. He spends some time talking about select cases of school shootings, including The
University of Texas (p. 498), Virginia Tech (p. 500), and Sandy Hook Elementary (p. 501). For each of these
examples, he discusses what happened in each incident, and goes on to show that each incident occurred regardless
of the fact that all the schools involved were in gun-free zones. This article was published in the B.Y.U. Education &
Law Journal, so the legal vocabulary spread throughout is appropriate for the audience this was intended for.
Sentences throughout are formed well and do a good job of explaining and supporting his point. The authors tone
never changes over the course of 25 pages.
Article 3
In their article School Violence: Reported School Shootings and Making Schools Safer, Rosalind
Duplechain and Robert Morris suggest that schools could be better prepared for instances of violence with the
property safety measures and identifiers in place, rather than arming the teachers and faculty. Duplechain and Morris
support this suggestion by listing different types of precautions that schools can take in order to maintain a safe
environment, including not only physical means but ways to identify people who may be considering causing harm
to others. Duplechain and Morriss purpose is to draw attention to behaviors and potential risk factors of people who
perpetrate school shootings in order to bring to light what kind of plan schools should have in place should the need
arise. Duplechain and Morris use a straight-forward and listed tone with their readers, who are largely educators.

Title of Reading and Author: School Violence: Reported School Shootings and Making
Schools Safer, Rosalind Duplechain and Robert Morris
Page
Quotations
Commentary/Analysis
145
From 1760 until 2010, in the
Writing a paper about a topic like this
United States alone, there have
presents you with a lot of numbers and
been more than 310 documented
statistics. It can really throw you for a
shootings on school property.
loop. The number 310 seems so
staggering, especially when you consider
that its a number that reflects school
shootings; however, take in to
consideration that those shootings took
place over the course of 250 years. That

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

146

School personnel too often accept


that children get teased and bullied
every day, because teachers,
parents, students, and other adults
have grown up thinking that
bullying is a normal part of school
life.

150

The point is there is no clear and


concise mold that these shooters
can easily fit into, which of course
would make it easy to pick them
out of a crowd.

number comes down to a decimal, 0.80


school shootings a year since 1760.
Broken down in such a manner, it doesnt
seem like much. The majority of them
have happened in the last 25 years, which
may speak to modern culture. Violence is
everywhere these days, and its no
wonder that so many more of these
violent acts have occurred in recent times
than previously, despite the fact that its
supposed to be harder to get a gun now
than it used to be.
The key word here to me is normal.
When I was growing up it was certainly
accepted that teasing and bullying
occurred. My teachers were always good
about putting a stop to what they thought
were the worse instances of bullying, but
they never seemed to go out of their way
to stop it unless it was disruptive to their
teaching. However, I think the bullying
and teasing were different then. Kids
werent as easily accessible as they are
now; Facebook and Twitter didnt exist,
which meant that when kids left the
school, for the most part they could
escape the people harassing them. Today,
students are exposed to bullies constantly
through social media outlets. Teachers
now need to understand that its really
nothing like it was when they were in
school. Fostering an environment where
bullies can thrive makes the faculty at
fault as well as the bully themselves, and
its something they should keep in mind
the next time they dont stop a bully from
targeting the next kid. People who say
that bullying is a normal aspect of school
life for students clearly never experienced
it themselves.
People like to think they can always spot
danger from a mile away. They also
assume that they can simply look at a
person and know their motives. While
you can get bad vibes from an
individual, simply looking at someone
wont reveal what their intentions are.

10

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

Similarly, you cant look at a person and


determine that theyre thinking of
carrying out a mass shooting at their
school. For a while it was assumed that if
a kid wore a long trench coat to school
they were up to no good, and surely they
were hiding a shotgun underneath. Its
true that someone could hide a weapon
under a garment like that, however to
make assumptions about a persons
character based on their wardrobe will
help no one. The same goes for the type
of music a person listens to; metal music
doesnt make a killer. Being a loner or
someone who is teased or gets bad grades
doesnt make an individual a bad person,
someone who would shoot up a school.
People have to stop thinking that they can
make assumptions about others and
instead be more proactive about creating
a protected, safe environment for all
students.

a. The reading is interesting, informative, and engaging.

A B C D F

b. The reading is well organized starting with a clear purpose,


progressing by ordered stages, developing unified and coherent

A B C D F

paragraphs and with effectively placed transitions.


c. Helpful examples and explanations are provided.

A B C D F

d. Facts are reliable and/or verifiable

A B C D F

e. Opinions are well-supported

A B C D F

f. The author defines difficult vocabulary and uses the appropriate level
of language for the article. (Keep in mind the source the article may be

A B C D F

found in!)
g. Sentences are clear and sophisticated.

A B C D F

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

11

This article was interesting and definitely informative. I was initially hesitant to use this article because its
only six pages long, and I assumed that something so short would be a waste of my time in such a time-sensitive
assignment. After reading the few pages, I was pleasantly surprised, and chose to use it after all primarily for the
examples and statistics it uses. The article is well organized for the most part. There was only one section that didnt
seem to make sense to me, and that was the section about brain development (p. 148). In this section, the authors
talk about research that had been done, yet stated that it was all speculative and no real advances had been made
with the information, but it was informative and interesting to read. Other than that single portion, the rest of the
article made sense. The authors started off with a rather mind-blowing table showing the number of school shootings
that have occurred over the last 250 years (p. 145), and also brought up school funding (p. 148) as well as steps and
procedures that would make a school safer (p. 149). All of these facts come from reliable sources. All of them are
academic in nature, other than two; one comes from the Huffington Post and the other comes from Time magazine.
Both of those sources are known for being credible, particularly Time (p. 150), so despite the fact those arent
necessarily academic resources I still trust the information given. Throughout the article the authors list multiple
ways that schools can make their campuses safer, described in detail by the academic articles used for resources.
While these are very good ideas, the authors themselves dont express their own opinions that much. I would have
liked to know more about their thoughts at times, just to know what their own stances were. Everything was defined
well, and it certainly made sense for the educational audience it was written for. There wasnt a point in the article
where I was confused or felt like I was in over my head, which was a nice change of pace since the other articles I
used for this assignment are meant for legal journals.
Article 4
In his article School Shootings and the Legislative Push to Arm Teachers, author Allen Rostron suggests
that there is no one singular solution to prevent school shootings. Rostron supports this suggestion by reviewing the
legislative reactions of five different states following the school shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School.
Rostrons purpose is to discuss separate state reactions in order to show that while there are seemingly two sides to
this argument, there are more options than simply arming teachers and school employees; other factors such as
school resource officers and more restrictions for school access need to be considered as well. Rostron uses a
straightforward, factual tone with the readers of the university law review journal he writes for.

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

Title of Reading and Author: School Shootings and the Legislative Push to Arm Teachers,
Allen Rostron

12

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Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

Page
443

Quotations
In most instances, these states did
not have laws specifically
authorizing the practice of arming
teachers, but instead simply did not
have any laws prohibiting it.

451

I question giving a teacher a


couple weeks training with a gun
and saying go out there and do the
job, explained one districts police
chief.

Commentary/Analysis
During the time Ive spent researching
this subject, Ive come to find that this
particular loophole is very common. The
fact that a particular state does not have a
law that blatantly outlaws something
means that theres nothing saying an
individual cant do it. On one hand I
appreciate this fact. It means that people
can live their lives a bit more freely and
not have to worry about being persecuted
for actions that others may just frown
upon. At the same time, this means that in
many states teachers and other school
employees are already given the option to
carry a firearm in a school, usually
depending on the approval of the school
principal or the school board. To me, this
is not a particular area that should be left
up to a loophole. Definitive rules should
be in place in order to avoid mishaps and
issues that may arise.
This quote came directly from a police
chief in Texas, a state in which I thought
most people would be very much for
school personnel to carry weapons in
school. This police chief brings up a very
good point. Law enforcement officers are
required to go through extensive training
in order to be able to carry and use their
weapons and enforce the law, while
trying to maintain the safety of the
public. To give a teacher some relatively
short training and then allow them to act
as law enforcement in those schools is
nowhere near the same thing. An
educator with no previous law
enforcement experience should not be
given the same authority as a police
officer or school resource officer.
Teachers are meant to focus on their own
jobeducating students and maintaining
a healthy learning environment. You cant
rationally expect one of those teachers to
go through a minimum amount of
training and be able to do the job to the
same level a fully trained officer could.

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Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

453

While some claim that relaxing


laws on carrying concealed guns
will substantially reduce crime and
others predict it will produce
mayhem and make bloodbaths
routine, the best statistical analysis
conducted suggests that it does not
dramatically change the level of
safety in society one way or the
other.

The authors use of terms like produce


mayhem and make bloodbaths routine
certainly add a visual aspect to this quote.
Nobody hears about a school shooting
without feeling something for the
victims. To think of a world where those
shootings could occur constantly, with no
way of preventing them, is terrifying.
However, that all ties in to media
representation, in my opinion. It seems
like there are so many school shootings
taking place in our country, when in
reality its only the extent of media
coverage of those events that makes us
feel that way. Its almost as though they
want to stretch it out as long as possible
to make it last until the next event, in
order to make it seem continuous and
never-ending. The fact of the matter is
that there is no definitive proof either
way that shows whether or not a school
would be safer with armed teachers and
personnel. It should show that we need to
focus on a solution that doesnt rely on
nervous teachers and law-abiding
gunmen.

a. The reading is interesting, informative, and engaging.

A B C D F

b. The reading is well organized starting with a clear purpose,


progressing by ordered stages, developing unified and coherent

A B C D F

paragraphs and with effectively placed transitions.


c. Helpful examples and explanations are provided.

A B C D F

d. Facts are reliable and/or verifiable

A B C D F

e. Opinions are well-supported

A B C D F

15

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3
f. The author defines difficult vocabulary and uses the appropriate level
of language for the article. (Keep in mind the source the article may be

A B C D F

found in!)
g. Sentences are clear and sophisticated.

A B C D F

During my search for appropriate articles for this assignment, I was trying to find a balance of views. I
didnt want to simply find two articles that were for and two more that were against. Finding this article proved to be
that balance. While the author, Allen Rostron, does not say whether or not they are personally for or against teachers
carrying firearms on school grounds, the article itself does a good job of showing both sides of the argument. Instead
of going in to the weeds with history, Rostron focuses more on current events and brings up specific states that have
passed legislation in regards to school safety measures. He does a great job of breaking down what the states of
Kansas, South Dakota, Tennessee, Alabama and Texas did legislatively in the aftermath of the Sandy Hook
shootings (p. 444-452), without causing me to become confused with legal terms that I dont know off the top of my
head. Everything was well organized, however I would have liked to see him bring up more about the NRA. This
article was meant to focus on the reaction to the NRAs press conference after Sandy Hook, yet Rostron only
brought them up a couple of times throughout the article (p. 441-442, 454). Id have liked it if he had gone more in
to depth about the NRA reactions and policies. By breaking down the reactions of five different states to Sandy
Hook, the author did a great job of keeping the information current. Each example and fact is labeled with an
appropriate footnote, and those footnotes themselves are quite descriptive. I could simply look at those footnotes and
get the basic information I would need about that particular fact or example. It definitely saved me time. This article
was written for a law review journal, yet it was very easy to read without being chock full of legal terminology.
Those terms have been a constant throughout my research for this assignment, so it was a relief to have an article
that didnt require me to use a dictionary every paragraph. Rostron still manages to keep the article at an appropriate
level for the audience of this article, despite his lack of legal terms.

Conclusion

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

16

The safety of children is something that the vast majority of people care about and want to ensure.
However, at what cost do we ensure that safety? Each of these articles goes in to detail as to what the respective
authors think about teachers being armed in schools. While they dont all have the same opinions, their feedback and
information are all very relevant to the topic, and provide multiple trains of thought on how best to help fix the
situation. Each article details different ideas as to how to properly protect schools, be it better federal funding or
training teachers to be able to respond to hostile situations, providing a real balance in points of view.

17

Stacey Beu
English 1101, Mrs. Warner
MWA 3

Works Cited

Elliott, Rebekah. The Real School Safety Debate: Why Legislative Responses Should Focus on Schools and Not on
Guns. Arizona Law Review 57.2 (2015): 523-550. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 Oct. 2015.
Arnold, Grant. Arming the Good Guys: School Zones and the Second Amendment. Brigham Young University
Education & Law Journal 2(2015): 481-506. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Nov. 2015.
Duplechain, Rosalind and Robert Morris. School Violence: Reported School Shootings and Making Schools Safer.
Education 135.2 (2014): 145. Advanced Placement Source. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
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