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A brief description & profiles or photos of notable Airliner Aircraft amalgamated from web sources. Original article from
1913 to 1930 Benoist XIV 1913 December 31 The first airliner in the World. In 1914, the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat line carried passengers between Tampa and St. Petersburg, Florida, using a Benoist flying boat. The service was quite successful but in service for only a few months. De Havilland DH-16 1919 The first British airliner. Flew in briefly Europe and South America. Farman F-60 Goliath 1919 The first French airliner. Flew with European airlines in the 1920s. Fokker F.II 1919 The first airliner of Fokker. Flew in Western Europe in 1920s - 1930s. Handley Page W.8 (H.P.18) 1919 The popular British airliner of 1920s. Flew in Europe. Junkers F-13 1919 The most popular airliner of 1920s. The first passenger plane which flew worldwide.
Lawson C-2 Airliner 1919 Built for the Lawson Transportation
Company, Milwaukee Wisconsin, USA. Totally enclosed large aircraft, 27 Passengers & 2 crew. Not commercially accepted.
Vickers 66 Vimi Commercial 1919 The first twin-engined British airliner. Flew in Europe, USSR and China. Blériot-Spad 33 1920 The popular French airliner of 1920s. Flew in Europe. Fokker F.III 1920 The popular Dutch airliner of 1920s. Flew in Europe, USSR and USA. De Havilland D.H.34 1922 The British airliner of 1920s. Flew in Europe. Supermarine Sea Eagle 1923 The British 6-seats amphibian. Flew across English channel in 1920s Alexandrov - Kalinin AK-1 1924 The first Soviet airliner. It worked on the Moscow - Nizny, Novgorod - Kazan routes during the summer of 1924. Fokker F.VII (1m) 1924 Popular airliner by Fokker company during the 1920s - 1930s
Handley Page W.8e/f Hamilton 1924 The British airliner of European routes during the 1920s. It also opened the first airline route in the Belgian Congo. Junkers G-23/G-24 1924 The first all-metal trimotor airliner in the World. Short Calcutta 1924 Airline: Imperial Airways Country: UK, 3 Bristol Jupiter XIF radial engines,4 to 5 crew, 15 passengers, 97 mph cruise speed Boeing Model 40 1925 The first airliner of Boeing Company
Fokker F.VII/3m 1925 Most popular pre-war (WW2) airliner by Fokker. It remained in service up to the end of 1940s Kalinin K-1 1925 The first airliner of K.A. Kalinin.
Polikarpov PM-1 (P-1) 1925 The first Soviet international airliner.
Savoia-Marchetti S.55Ñ/P 1925 The popular Italian passenger flying boat of the 1920s.
Armstrong Whitworth AW 154 Argosy 1926 The main airliner of Imperial Airways on European routes in second half of 1920s. De Havilland D.H.66 Hercules 1926 The main Imperial Airways airliner used in Eastern long-haul routes during the second half of the 1920s. Ford 4-AT Trimotor 1926 The first American all-metal multiengine airliner. In service up to 1973. Junkers G31 1926 Airline: Guinea Airways Country: Germany. All-metal trimotor of second half of the 1920s. 3 Junkers L.5 engines 110 mph cruise Span 99 feet Length 53 feet Lioré et Olivier LeO-21 1926 One of most comfortable airliners of the 1920s. Was used on the Paris London route. Rohrbach Ro VIII Roland 1926 One of most successful German allmetal trimotor airliners of the 1920s. Fokker F.VIII 1927 Airline: KLM Country: Holland The twin engine pre WW2 production airliner of Fokker. 15 passengers, 2 Pratt & Whitney Wasp engines,105 mph cruise Span 75 feet Length 57 feet
Lockheed Vega 1927 The fastest airliner during the late 1920s. Rohrbach Ro V Rocco 1927 All-metal flying boat, which was briefly used on the Germany - Northern Europe route. Boeing Model 80 1928 The first multi-engine airliner of Boeing. The first airliner with stewardess Consolidated Model 16 Commodore 1928 Extensively used by Pan Am Airways on Caribbean over ocean routes from 1929-1935. 14 to 33 passengers, three crew, Two Pratt & Whitney R-1860 Hornet B radial engines, cruise 108 mph, range 100 miles Ford 5-AT Trimotor 1928 The standard US long-range airliner from the end of the 1920s to the beginning of the 1930s.
Kalinin K-4 1928 The first soviet production airliner.
Short S.8 Calcutta 1928 The first British airliner with an allmetal fuselage.
Sikorsky S-38 1928 The first commercially successful airliner of Igor Sikorsky. Rohrbach Ro X Romar 1928 The first attempt to build a Transatlantic airliner. Curtiss Model 18/CO Condor 1929 The first airliner of Glenn Curtiss. This passenger plane had lowest noise in passenger cabin. Last aircraft ever flown by Glenn Curtiss Junkers G-38 1929 Airline: Deutsche Luft Hansa Country: Germany 34 passengers, 4 Junkers Jumo engines 129 mph cruise Span 144 feet Length 75 feet Latécoère Laté 28 1929 It worked the route from France to West Africa and in South America. Tupolev ANT-9 (Trimotor) 1929 The first Soviet all-metal airliner. The first Soviet exported airliner. Westland IV Wessex 1929 British short haul airliner of the 1930s. The first multi-engine airliner in Rhodesia.
1931 to 1939 By 1930 airlines like Lufthansa, QANTAS, SWISSAIR, VARIG, VASP, UNITED, AMERICAN, TWA, SABENA, KLM and Imperial Airways (later BOAC) were flying across a wide network of air-routes with regular services across the world. The early post-Great War aircraft had been replaced with multi-engined aircraft specially designed for airline service and carrying many tens of passengers per flight. The first modern-looking sleek metal airliners also came into service in the 1930s. Arguably the most important airliner that came from pre-World War Two designers was the Douglas DC-3. Europe introduced several important new airliners in 1938/39, notably the SavoiaMarchetti 73/83 airliners. Were it not for the war these planes would most likely have become commonly used by European airlines. Due to the war the post-war airliner that took the airline market was to be American-made. The nature of airline operations showed hopeful signs of long-haul possibilities in the 1930s, when Pan American Airways and Imperial Airways competed in trans-oceanic services using large flying boat airliners. This would give important experience for the wartime operations over the Atlantic and for post-war airline operations. Handley Page HP.42 Heracles 1931 Airline: Imperial Airways Country: UK 38 passengers, 4 engines, 100 mph cruise Span 130 feet Length 90 feet The sedate H.P. 42 had a perfect safety record and no accidents.
Lockheed Model 9 Orion 1931 Airline: Swissair 6 passengers, 1 engine 200 mph cruise
Sikorsky S-40 1931 Airline: Pan American Airways System Country: USA 40 passengers, 4 Pratt & Whitney Hornet engines, 117 mph cruise Span 114 feet Length 77 feet
Boeing 247D 1932 Airline: United Air Lines Country: USA 10 passengers, 2 Pratt & Whitney 1340 engines,160 mph cruise Span 74 feet Length 54 feet Fokker F.22 1932 Country: Holland 22 passengers, 2 Pratt & Whitney Wasp engines, 140 mph cruise Span 99 feet Length 70 feet Junkers Ju-52\3m 1932 Airline: MALERT Hungarian Airlines Country: Germany 15 passengers, 3 BMW 132h engines 125 mph cruise Span 96 feet Length 62 feet The Ju-52/3m was widely used in the 1930s by world airlines Curtiss Wright Condor II 1933 Airline: American Airways Country: USA ,15 passengers, 2 Wright Cyclone 1820 engines,167 mph cruise Span 82 feet Length 49 feet
De Havilland D.H.84 Dragon 1933 Airline: Railway Air Services G-ACPX at Croydon Country: UK, 6 passengers 2 d.h. Gipsy Major engines, 114 mph cruise Span 47 feet Length 35 feet
Douglas DC-1 1933 Airline: TWA (Only one experimental DC-1 was produced) Country: USA 12 passengers, 2 Wright 1820 engines 170 mph cruise There was only one DC-1 - and experimental plane flown on passenger services and used to perfect the DC-2.
Fokker F.20 1933 Airline: KLM Country: Holland 12 passengers, 3 Wright Cyclone R1820 engines, 171 mph cruise Span 90feet Length 55feet Martin M-130 1933 Airline: Pan American Airways System Country: USA, 48 passengers 4 P&W Twin Wasp engines, 163 mph cruise Span 130 feet Length 91 feet Wibault - Penhoët 282 1933 Airline: Air France Country: France 10 passengers, 3 G-R-K-7 engines 150 mph cruise Span 74 feet Length 56 feet Armstrong Whitworth Aw.15 Atalanta 1934 Airline: Imperial Airways Country: UK 17 passengers, 4 A-S Serval engines 125 mph cruise Span 90 feet Length 71 feet
Barkley Grow T8P1 1934 Airline: Mackenzie Air Services Country: Canada, 6 passengers 2 Pratt & Whitney Wasp Junior engines 204 mph cruise Span 52 feet Length 37 feet
De Havilland D.H.86 Express 'Jupiter' 1934 Airline: Railway Air Services Country: UK, 12 passengers, 4 Gipsy Six engines 145 mph cruise Span 64 feet Length 46 feet
De Havilland D.H.89 Rapide 1934 Airline: British European Airways BEA Country: UK, 8 passengers, 2 d.h. Gipsy 6 engines, 132 mph cruise Span 48 feet Length 34 feet
Douglas DC-2 1934 Airline: KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Country: USA, 14 passengers, 2 Wright 1820 engines, 170 mph cruise Span 85 feet Length 62 feet
Fokker F.36 1934 Country: Holland, 32 passengers 4 Wright Cyclone engines,142 mph cruise Span 108 feet Length 79 feet
Junkers Ju-86 1934 Airline: South African Airways Country: Germany 10 passengers, 2 BMW 132d engines 200 mph cruise Span 74 feet Length 57 feet Lockheed L.10 Electra 1934 Airline: British Airways Ltd Country: USA 8 passengers, 2 Pratt & Whitney R.985 engines,180 mph cruise Span 55 feet Length 39 feet
Savoia-Marchetti S.M.73 1934 Airline: SABENA Country: Italy 18 passengers, 3 Piaggio Stella 9 RC engines, 174 mph cruise Span 79 feet Length 57 feet
Short L.17 Scylla 1934 Airline: Imperial Airways 39 passengers, Crew: 4, Power Plant: Four 555 h.p. Bristol Jupiter, Weight (All-Up): 32,000 lb, Max Speed: 137 m.p.h. Range: 500 miles Span: 113 ft 0 in Length: 83 ft 10 in Sikorsky S-42 1934 Airline: Pan American Airways System Country: USA 37 passengers, 4 Pratt &Whitney Hornet engines, 160 mph cruise Span 118 feet Length 68 feet
Wibault - Penhoët 283 1934 Airline: Air France Country: France 10 passengers, 3 G-R-K engines
Dewoitine 338 1935 Airline: Air France 24 passengers 3 Hispano-Suiza 9V engines, 174 mph cruise Span 96 feet Length 73 feet Potez 62 1935 Airline: Air France Country: France 14 passengers, 2 G-R Kirs engines 174 mph cruise Span 74 feet Length 57 feet
Douglas DC-3 / C-47 Dakota 1936 Photo: prototype Douglas DC-3 NC3000, 21 seats, 2 Wright 1820-G2 engines, 170 mph cruise
Farman 2200 1936 Airline: Air France mail Country: France, Mail only, 4 Hispano-Suiza 12 Lbr engines, 130 mph cruise Span 118 feet Length 69 feet
Short S23 Empire Boat 1936 Airline: Imperial Airways 'Canopus' Country: UK 24 passengers, 4 Bristol Pegasus engines 164 mph cruise Span 114 feet Length 88 feet The Empire boat was used on the “horseshoe” route by Imperial and Qantas. BOAC used them in the war in Australasia.
Bloch 120 1937 Airline: Regie Melgache Country: France, 10 passengers, 3 Lorraine Algol engines, 124 mph cruise Span 67 feet Length 51 feet
Focke-Wulfe 200 Condor 1937 Airline: DDL Det Danske Luftfartselskab Country: Germany 26 passengers, 4 BMW 132G engines 170 mph cruise Span 108 feet Length 78 feet Junkers Ju-90 1937 Airline: Lufthansa Country: Germany 40 passengers, 4 BMW 132h engines 160 mph cruise Span 115 feet Length 86 feet
Lockheed L.14 1937 Airline: British Airways Ltd Country: USA, 12 passengers, 2 Pratt & Whitney Hornet engines or Wright Cyclone engines 200 mph cruise Span 65 feet Length 44 feet The Lockheed Hudson maritime aircraft came from the L.14
Nakajima P-2 AT 1937 Airline: NKKK (now Japan Air Lines) 10 passengers, 2 Nakajima Kotobuti 2B engines, 217 mph cruise Span 65 feet Length 50 feet
Armstrong Whitworth Aw.27 Ensign 1938 Airline: Imperial Airways Country: UK 40 passengers, 4 A-S Tiger engines 170 mph cruise Span 123 feet Length 114 feet
Bloch 220 1938 Airline: Air France Country: France 16 passengers, 2 GR. 14N.16 engines 186 mph cruise Span 75 feet Length 64 feet
De Havilland D.H.91 Albatross 1938 Airline: Imperial Airways Country: UK 22 passengers, 4 d.h. Gipsy 12 engines 210 mph cruise Span 105 feet Length 71 feet
Savoia-Marchetti S.M.83 1938 Airline: Linee Aeree Transcontinentali Italiane - LATI Country: Italy 10 passengers, 3 Alfa-Romeo 126 RC34 engines, 235 mph cruise Span 66 feet Length 53 feet
Boeing 314 Clipper 1939 Airline: Pan American Airways System Country: USA, 74 passengers, 4 Wright Cyclone engines, 165 mph cruise Span 152 feet Length 106 feet