Chemical Formula/Name of compound Identify which type of compound that you have

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If it has only: C H Then it is: Covalent: Organic Alkane Name it: _________ane
Prefix for #C

If it starts with: H Then it is: an acid Think of an acid as ionic – the cation is always H+ and if you know the name of the anion, then you will be able to name the acid. Cation anion Name of acid H+ -ide hydro__ic acid H+ -ite -ous acid + H -ate -ic acid Example: HNO2 NO2- is called nitrite so this acid will be nitrous acid Formula- remember that the charges must=0. Example: hydronitric acid H+ nitride is the anion so it is N3H+ H+ H+ N3- So you need 3 and 1 so the formula: H3N

If it only has: 2 nonmetals Then it is: covalentregular Name it: 1st element with prefix (except not mono-) 2nd element with prefix but it should end in – ide. Prefixes 1 mono2 di3 tri4 tetra5 penta6 hexaExample: NO2 Nitrogen dioxide Formula: Example: disulfur pentoxide S2 O5

#C Prefix 1 meth2 eth3 prop4 but5 pent6 hex7 hept8 oct9 non10 decExample: C7H16 Heptane Formula – remember that each carbon must have 4 bonds around it so add hydrogens until each carbon has 4 bonds. Example: ethane Eth means 2 carbons-add H C2H6

metal or polyatomic ion Then it is: IONIC – 90% of all compounds that we use will be ionic. To name it: 1. + ion is the same name as element or polyatomic ion 2. STOP – does it need a Roman number to represent the charge? Yes unless it is in Group 1, Group 2, or Al3+, Ag+, Zn2+, Cd2+ 3. – ion is the same name as the element except change the ending to –ide. If the – ion is a polyatomic ion, then use the name on the chart. Example: FeBr3 Iron (III) bromide How to figure out the Roman #: Work backwards. The formula says that you have 1 Fe and 3 Br. In a compound, the charges must =0. So Br is in group 17 and has a charge of -1. -1 and -1 and 1= -3 so the Fe must be +3. Formula: CHARGES must = 0. Use subscripts to represent how many of each ion you have. Use ( ) if you have more than one polyatomic ion. Example: chromium(III) nitrate Cr3+ NO3- NO3- NO3The formula is: Cr(NO3)3

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