SOURCE

Sophomore Public Health
Student at UNCC.
October 11, 2015.

Sophomore Undeclared
Student at Davidson
College. October 11, 2015.

ANNOTATION
This student was able to give me a perspective
of a well-rounded and balanced student and
her methods to achieve this. She aspires to
major in Public Health, a major greater than 75
credit hours, and states that proper lifestyle
changes are the key to time management. She
described how “changes to diet, exercise, and
sleep patterns are the key to effective
allocation of time to schoolwork.” She noted
that not all time must be allocated to
schoolwork but also to these factors as she
claims these are vital in creating adequate
energy levels and increasing retention when
studying. She stated “higher energy levels and
retention” as effective in accomplishing tasks
and homework more accurately, yet more
quickly as well. In addition to regular exercise,
sleep, and balanced diet, she mentioned that
the weekend is another key element in proper
time management that she views many
students fail to take advantage of. She views
the weekend as a selected time to engage in
“leisure and other activities or getting ahead in
schoolwork.” However she claims both can be
accomplished with the help of a schedule.
Rather than dedicating Friday and Saturday to
leisure and only Sunday to homework, she
acknowledges Friday as school/work day and
assigns her Saturday schedule to homework in
the morning but leaves Saturday afternoon and
Sunday to her own free time. Lastly, she
mentioned how she had created this style of
time management her first semester of college
and “reaffirmed this as an effective means”
and credited this as “the reason for making the
Chancellor’s List all semesters of college.”
Interviewing this student gave me perspective
of someone who possesses little to no time
management skills. She claims campus
distractions as her main reason to completing
assignments last minute. She elaborated on
“campus activities, dining options, and peers”
being significant factors in delaying to her
complete her work. She described how she
becomes so consumed in all of these after
classes and finds it easy to forget about work.
Though she acknowledges that she

THOUGHTS/CONNECTIONS
This interview gave me insight as to how
balanced college student manages their t
and the positive results it renders. It mak
clear that time management is a plan cre
and enacted by student that requires effo
order to achieve the desired results.

This student led to me an interview with
another college sophomore. This student
however, had a different or nonexistent
approach to time management.

Interviewing this student helped me iden
some common factors in college student
that lead to poor time management. She
brought some of the consequences of po
time management to my attention.

After interviewing this student, it led me
inquire more causes for poor time
management and led me to find my next
source.

Strang, Tami. "College
Students’ Barriers to
Effective Time
Management." Cengage.
Cengage Learning, 24 Aug.
2015. Web. 10 Oct. 2015.

procrastinates and that her work only
accumulates, she also claims that it would be
difficult to complete homework ahead of time
even if there were fewer things occurring on
campus as she admits that there is far too much
work to all be completed on time. This led her
to admit how she often has to cram for exams
losing sleep to studying and using weekends as
what she refers to as “catch up days”.
However, she admitted that instead of using
Friday and Saturday to complete assignments,
she instead uses these days for leisure and
personal time. She confessed that “Sunday is
my work day” and how she leaves all of her
schoolwork for Sunday night. This student also
admitted how she does not own a planner or
agenda of any sort and often forgets the due
dates of assignments and consequently
completes them shortly before class with a
lack of effort. This student attributed the
combination of all of these factors as the
reason to her not achieving the grades she
desires.
This article identifies the major roadblocks
students face that inhibit them from achieving
proper time management skills. It first points
out how procrastination is the major reason for
poor time management. Students often feel
that they can leave their assignments to the last
minute but soon come to figure the
assignments take longer than they expect. It
also emphasized how students fail to realize
that the second largest reason, distraction by
family and friends, is a detriment to their
grades and impedes them from achieving the
grades the desire and the chances for future
success. The distractions also include “time
spent on non-essential activities” including
social media, video games, television, etc. It
also attributed over-scheduling of
commitments as a main reason as well. It
elaborated how students struggle to meet all
commitments that they unknowingly scheduled
too closely and in return leave themselves little
time to complete their homework. The article
also listed poor planning as key cause of lack
of time management. It described how students
cannot keep track of their assignments and

This article helped me to better understa
the reasons behind poor time manageme
skills within students. It explored causes
provided adequate explanations as to wh
they exist.

After learning some of the causes of poo
time management, it led to me to inquire
consequences of poor time management

Duncan, Eileen. "How Does
Time Management Affect
My Health?"
HowStuffWorks.
HowStuffWorks, 21 Jan.
2010. Web. 10 Oct. 2015.

Williams, Geoff. "3 Simple
Strategies for Better Time
Management." Usnews.com.
US News, 23 Jan. 2014.
Web. 10 Oct. 2015.

commitments as they fail to record them. They
also fail to create a schedule for the
assignments they must complete and the time
they must spend on them. The author
emphasized this as being a critical part in
changing time management practices for the
better and achieving effective results.
This article explored the effects and
consequences lack of time management can
have on students in all aspects of their lives. It
highlights how poor time management can
affect work performance and health. It
emphasizes how procrastinating on
assignments can lead to undesirable grades and
less retention of subject of material. The article
also acknowledges how procrastination can
lead to the build-up of work and assignments
in a short amount of to complete it resulting in
high stress and anxiety. This in return impacts
health leading to an increase in anxiety,
fatigue, mood swings, and weight loss or
weight gain. The article brings to attention that
a lack of sleep is also the main factor of a lack
of performance as it makes it harder for the
brain to focus. In addition to that, the author
points out how bad time management skills
can also be detrimental to self-esteem and
relationships. The lack of desirable grades
makes one feel as if it is difficult for them to
achieve. Duncan emphasizes how this can also
lead to a lack in confidence as one slowly loses
their belief that they can accomplish. In return,
it can lead a student to believe that they will
never have the ability to accomplish their goals
and causes them to give up their goals without
even really trying. Relationships can also be
negatively impacted by unknowingly pushing
away family or friends due to increased
fatigue, mood swings, and irritability and
decreased self-esteem.
This article goes in-depth to explore three
simple yet helpful ways to improve time
management. It lists the first method as preplanning and using it from everything from
school to commitments to friends and family.
It suggests writing every task down and
prioritizing them according to their date and
importance. The author stresses that the tasks

This article brings to light the multiple a
significant ways poor time management
impedes students from performing their
and accomplishing their goals.

This topic led to me to inquire ways in
which students can avoid this by improv
their time management.

This article listed few but helpful tips in
creating better time management habits a
how students can very easily implement
these methods as a part of their time
management routines.

Reading about ways to improve time
management led me to search what kind

Bain, Ken. What the
best college students
do. Cambridge:
Belknap, 2012. Print.

must all be in a “central location” to keep
organized and have all priorities listed in one
place. Williams also claims that this will add to
the ease of planning and that one should cross
off tasks each night to see how much they have
accomplished. The next method the author
highlights is focusing. However, the author
stresses that this is not limited to continuously
working, but rather removing distractions to
increase productivity. Williams also states that
small and frequent breaks are an essential part
of focusing. The last method the article
includes is for students “learning to say no.”
Whether it is to family, friends, clubs or
employers, students must learn to decline
when it comes to their academics. This does
not imply that they should not help them when
they need it, but students should have an
awareness of the priorities listed in front of
them and understand that they are not helping
themselves if they leave little time for
themselves.
This print source lists many of the common
positive effects good time management can
have on students. Bain goes on to describe that
this goes beyond good grades and extends all
the way to self-esteem. Bain writes that better
time management leads to better studying
habits and adequate studying which in return
leads to good grades. He suggests that this is
not the most important or largest outcome as
better time management also improves
students’ motivation. Students are no longer
afraid of the difficulty or the length of their
homework, but instead are motivated to
complete their assignments as soon as possible
but with effort. He suggests that this leads to
an intrinsic motivation that drives students to
accomplish as much as they can and succeed.
Bain also states that good time management
leads to better learning and problem-solving
skills. Students have an increased retention and
are also able to sort priorities and arrange them
according to the relevance of their academic
and personal lives without affecting either.
This book also elaborates how good time
management has the effect of increasing
confidence within students as they are no

positive effects good time management c
have on students.

This book lists the positive effects of goo
time management and what students cou
accomplish with it. It is clear in explaini
why it is crucial that college students sho
have good time management skills in ord
to succeed.

After reading through this book, I would
like to gain a professor’s perspective on
connection between proper time
management and students.

longer anxious about their schoolwork but
rather eager to finish their work as they believe
they have the capability to do so. The effect of
this confidence extends far to instill a sense of
capability and achievement within students.
Why is time management such an obstacle for college students throughout the nation and what are its
effects? What can be done to encourage and improve proper time management within students?