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Stephanie Carrera

Claudia Santiago
Intergraded Reading and Writing 1312
Annotated Bibliography on Women in Engineering

Briseno, T. (2012, September 18). 10 Women Who Broke New Ground in

Engineering. Retrieved
November 20, 2015, from

This article contains a lot of interesting and factual information on women who have made
history throughout the engineering workforce. It talks about them creating new possible ways to
make better railroads, new programming computer systems, and also how women even helped
save lives during the Civil War. There is a variety of women on this website, about 10 women.
The page specifically gives a story on how women came about creating history in engineering
and how they were successful. The audience this article tries to reach is a general audience who
is looking for historical figures. This article is up to date and manageable for the general
audience to access easily. While searching this website I was able to find valuable information to
help give examples as to why women in engineering can do just as well as men can and can also
make remarkable history to look back at. This article can be useful if you are also looking for
historical figures that helped engineering excel or if you are looking for women who made
I found this article on google. In order to find this website, I used the keywords women who
broke ground in engineering.
Chipman, S. (1985). Women and mathematics: Balancing the equation. Hillsdale, N.J.: L.
Erlbaum Associates.
In the book Women and Mathematics: Balancing the Equation published in 1985, talks about a
3 year research that demonstrates that women participate in mathematical activities a lot less
often than men. These studies were held with grades ninth through eleventh grade. The audience
this book is intended to can be to student researchers. This book talks about many different

perspectives on why men and women differentiate. These topics would include family
background, career plans, and attitude and anxiety. This book also demonstrates how the test was
done and what type of procedure was used. Some procedures take only two days and others may
take longer. I used this book to help provide facts that would go along with my own opinions.
Any reader can use this to provide factual information while writing a paper. This book can be
easily accessed and is user friendly. You dont have to click a lot of buttons to get to the main
book. The graphs provided in this book are also very easy to understand and can be used to show
statistics and examples.
In order to find the website I used google scholarly. I used the keywords women and
mathematics and it lead me to this source.
Hill, C., & Corbett, C. (2010). Why so few?: Women in science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics. Washington, D.C.: AAUW.

This book called Why So Few? published in 2010, was intended for a female audience and
research educational communities. It provides 10 Chapters and various graph examples on many
reasons as to why there are lack of women in engineering. This author goes into depth about
stereotypes, gender bias and the climate of science and engineering departments in colleges and
universities that until this day come between women and their success in fields such as math,
science, engineering, and technology. This book also provides up to date statistics on women
who are participating in these fields. It also provides you with achievements they have
accomplished. While reading this book you are also provided with ideas on how we can open
more doors for women who are interested in these fields. Any researcher can use this book to
provide graphs to prove statistics. Many other readers can use this information to help better
understand why there is a gap between men and women in engineering and to be more familiar
with this topic.
I used scholarly article to find this book. I entered the keywords why are women lacking in
engineering, technology, and science in order to find this book.
McIlwee, J., & Robinson, J. (1992). Women in engineering gender, power, and
workplace culture. Albany:
State University of New York Press.

The book Women in Engineering: Gender, Power, and Workplace Culture that was published
in 1992 by two separate authors, goes into depth about a 5-year collaboration two authors did to
providing new insights into improving womens careers in traditionally male occupations. While
reading this book it will provide you with backgrounds on family lives, work experiences, and

attitudes of engineers in order to explain the unequal patterns of career development for women.
It also talks about women who often hold lower positions that men and also receive less
opportunities than them. I used this book in my research to provide backgrounds on women and
how they are raised differently than men since childhood. I also used this book to provides
examples on how women continuously go through stereotyping and workplace inequality.
Women in Engineering has a total of 8 chapters than can help you throughout your research
and can also help you with the topic of women lacking in engineering.
In order to find this book, I used google books. I entered the keywords engineering gender and
power difference in the workplace and I came across this source.
Toward a Unifying Social Cognitive Theory of Career and Academic Interest, Choice, and
Performance. (1994). Retrieved December 8, 2015, from
< >
In this article I found named Toward a Unifying Social Cognitive Theory of Career and
Academic Interest, Choice, and Performance that was published in 1994, l learned about 3 new
topics. Those new topics were the elaboration of career-relevant interests, election of academic
and career choice options, and persistence in educational and occupational pursuits. While
reading more into these topics you can see that they have a lot to do with self-efficiency, which
has to do with peoples judgments of their capabilities. It also mentions goals, and by that they
mean that goals will help you organize and guide your behavior in order to sustain it for a long
period of time. The audience this article was intended to was a general audience who wants to
learn what skills you need to succeed or a community researcher looking for more information
on this topic. I used this article in my essay by providing examples of how these skills can help
you prosper and I also talked about how them mentioning how women have lack of confidence
which is the leading cause to lack of women in engineering. This website is quite easy to
In order to find this website I used they keywords theory of career and academic interest.

Why Aren't There More Women In Engineering: Can We Really Do Anything? (2003).
Retrieved December, 7 2015.

This article is intended for an audience at a university. Most likely students who are looking to
major in engineering or who are more information on this topic. While reading this article it goes
into depth about three different topics which are the lack of engineering curriculum in K-12, the
lack of a positive public image of engineers, the lack of a vision on what an engineer really is,
and the lack of support for women to succeed in engineering. The author Mary Rowland
affiliated with the Arizona State University present the research in terms of their experiments
conducted which were to build a program to recruit and retain women in engineering. This article
also talks about the outcomes and results done by their experiments. I used this article in my

essay by proving information on their program and how it helped women feel more confident in
joining engineering. A reader can use this by obtaining percentages provided in the article to
prove facts or to learn more about the program this university offers.
In order to find this article, I used the google search engine. I used the keywords can we do
anything to help women prosper in engineering and it led me to this source.
Blaisdell, S. (1995). Factors in the underrepresentation of women in science and engineering: a review of
the literature. West Lafayette, IN: WEPAN Member Services.

&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us >
The article Factors in the Underrepresentation of Women in Engineering published in 1995,
was an article intended for an older audience such as men and women. You can learn about the
underrepresentation of women in engineering by reading this article. This article will go over
research that was conducted over mathematical ability, education, perceptions of engineering,
and career choice. Although majors like law, medicine, and dentistry have increased the
participation of women by 1200% in recent years, studies still show that there are women
missing in fields such as engineering and science. This article will better help you understand as
to why this problem exists and since when this problem starts, which is as early as your
childhood. Anyone who decides to use this article can obtain a lot of useful information on this
topic. I used this in my essay to discuss the lack of confidence women have to join forces like
there because of the pressure that comes with this job such as stereotype, male-dominance, and
inequality. This website can easily be accessed after downloading the pdf. Anyone has the
authority to use this link as an informational source.
In order to find this link I used google engine search. I used the keywords underrepresentation
of women in engineering.
Engineering Still Needs More Women. (2012, September 1). Retrieved December 8, 2015, from
< needs-more-women>
The article titled Engineering Still Needs More Women published in 2012, by Mark Crawford,
gives a brief example of why engineering still needs women to fill these positions out. While
talking about this it also talks about the reason why women dont fill out these positions. Just as
expected the reason to this is stereotype. Mark talks about a STEM system made to help
women become more confident to join this field. This website is intended to any audience most
likely students and older. When you enter the website you see a picture of a women that looks
masculine which basically is trying to show you that women need to stand up for themselves
and prosper. This website helped me by providing a program in my essay to talk about that helps
women become more confident, in this case it is the STEM program. The website was last
updated in 2012. Anyone who is looking to use this article can provide percentages this website

includes as factual information. They can also use this website to learn more about the STEM
system and how it has helped many women and up to this day it still does.
In order to find this website I used the keywords does engineering still need more women