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Dynastic Rule In China


Due at the end of Class
Dynas
ty

Resourc
es

Rise to Power

Governi
ng China

SUI
(581618)

http://apw
orldhistor
y101.com/
historyofchina/sui/

Wen Di founded the


Sui Dynasty in 589ce.
The Sui Dynasty
began when Emperor
Wen's daughter
became the Empress
of Northern Zhou,
which made her new
step- son the
emperor. After Wen
conquered and
crushed an army
from one of the
eastern province,
Wen took the throne
by force and
proclaimed himself
emperor. Once he
had power, Wen was
able to initiate
reforms to try and
strengthen his empire
and reunify China

The Sui
dynasty also
had a stable
economy,
which was
militaristic,
and they
were
legalists.

Belief
Systems

Daily Life

Uniting China

The Sui people were


very strict because
they believed that
their military was a
big part of their
dynasties success,
which could be true
because they had
the big navy battle
that kind of got their
dynasty going in the
first place.

The Grand
Canal promoted
trade by
connecting the
Yellow and
Yangzi rivers.
They Rebuilt the
great wall for
protection.
Farmers could
ship food
supplies for a
cheaper price
because of the
Grand Canal.
Public works
and central
military unified
empire.

The Sui Dynasty was shortlived by very important


because it reconnected
southern China together
into an empire which
would quickly grow in the
dominant force in Asia
again during the Tang and
Song Dynasties.

Tang
(618907)

http://apw
orldhistor
y101.com/
historyofchina/tan
g/

The Silk Road led to


higher profits for
merchants, better tax
income for the
empire, and a higher
standard of living for
the Chinese people.
This brought more
merchants to China
where they had more
protection for
robbers. After they
worked up their
wealth they made a
fierce, powerful army.
The army led to
expansion of the
Tang. The newly
acquired land made
more area for
agriculture and their
control on trade grew.

The strong
government
led to a
strong, fierce
military force,
this military
led to the
expansion of
China and
the
reestablished
safety on the
Silk Road. All
government
officials
practiced and
followed
Confucianism
. That means
all
government
officials and
teachers
were men. All
of the
government
officials took
a civil service
exam. A civil
service exam
tests to see
how much
they know
about the
Confucian
study and the
law. The
higher they
score the
higher they
place in the
government.
The
government
made a
powerful

As a sign of wealth,
during the Tang
dynasty some noble
Chinese families
started binding their
daughters feet.

In the Tang
dynasty the rich
usually binded
the girls feet.
This would
make their feet
shape into a
ball, and this
made women
weaker. Due to
this it was hard
for women to
work, so this
meant that men
had to provide
the basic
materials to
survive. During
the Tang
Dynasty the
printing press
was invented,
clocks
gunpowder and
much more.

When it came to politics


the Tang Dynasty ruled
confidently and powerfully
until the start of the
empires slow decline in
763. Their religion,
Confucianism, led their
decisions in the
government. The strong
government led to a
strong, fierce military
force, this military led to
the expansion of China and
the reestablished safety on
the Silk Road. All
government officials
practiced and followed
Confucianism. That means
all government officials
and teachers were men. All
of the government officials
took a civil service exam. A
civil service exam tests to
see how much they know
about the Confucian study
and the law. The higher
they score the higher they
place in the government.
The government made a
powerful military that
couldnt be stopped. They
were strong because they
were big in numbers.
There armor and weapons
were also advanced for
their time. They also had
advanced war strategies
like hiding people behind
other people. All these
aspects led to the aspects
of expansion and safety to
China. They expanded
their territory making it
overlap the Silk Road trade
route. This made it easier
to protect from Mughals

military that
couldnt be
stopped.

Song
(9601279)

http://apw
orldhistor
y101.com/
historyofchina/son
g/

906 AD, the Tang was


divided among
kingdoms or was
conquered by
invaders.

-effective
centralized
bureaucracy
-Elite families
important
locally
-Official must
pass the Civil
Service Exam
-the
mercantile
class grew in
power as
they became
wealthy

and robbers. As the


Dynasty grew their safety
and control over China
grew.

-Confucianism
remains the most
important official
philosophy
-Neo-Confucianism
added metaphysical
answers to many
Buddhist questions
-Buddhism
continued
-Taoism also
-Ancestor worship

-Poor farmers
remain the
same as always;
women still
oppressed
-City life
improves with
better food,
music, art, and
great
entertainment
-Many
opportunities for
travel
-Education

It was the strongest


empire in the world at this
time.

increases in the
city
-House and
architecture
improve
-magnetic
compass and
calculator (the
abacus)
invented
-Education
improved since
schools were
abundant.
Woodblock
printing made
books more
widely
available.
-Confucian
scholars were
respected
-Military was not
respected

Yuan http://apw
(1271- orldhistor
1368) y101.com/
historyof-

The Yuan dynasty


was founded by the
grandson of Genghis
Khan who ruled the
largest empire ever
in Asia. Kublai Khan

Kublai Khan
had a hard
time finding a
way to rule in
traditional
Chinese style

They retained the


belief system called
shamanism, which
believes that good
and bad spirits are
spread throughout

Social class
played a big
part in the Daily
Life of the Yuan
Dynasty.

Yuan dynasty did not really


unite china, instead just
caused greater division
and civil anger. Under the
Yuan dynasty, strict social
limitations were

china/yua
n/

fought against the


previous empire, the
Song dynasty, for 40
years before
defeating them and
starting the Yuan
dynasty in A.D. 1279.

while keeping
power in the
hands of the
Mongols. He
implemented
bureaucracy,
but his
officials were
chosen from
noble foreign
families. This
way, he was
able to
maintain
control
without
giving power
to the former
dynastys
government
officials

the earth, and can


only be summoned
and heard by priests
called shamans.

Mongols were
the highest
class as Kublai
Khan was
Mongolian.
Then there
were the
foreigners, and
Chinese with
government
jobs. At the
bottom were
architects,
physicians,
astronomers,
military
engineers,
merchants,
poets, etc.

implementer to separate
the chinese and the
Mongols.

Chinese daily
life has since
changed, but
many old
customs are still
practiced daily.

Ming http://apw
(1368- orldhistor
1664) y101.com/
historyofchina/min
g/

Zhu Yuanzhang
claimed the Mandate
of Heaven in 1368
and established the
Ming Dynasty. The
Ming Dynasty ruled
their empire for
almost 300 years,
prospered from freer
private trade and
industry and with
trade with Europeans,
and then it fell due to
internal rebellions
and the attack of the
Manchus.

-Capital
moved to
Beijing in
1421.
-Forbidden
City built for
Emperors
-Time of
greatest
wealth in
Chinese

-Neo-Confucianism
-Matteo Ricci
(Italian) the first
Christian missionary
started nearly 300
Catholic churches
but Christian
influence
condemned in late
Ming and early Qing
-Muslims and
Buddhists continued
to grow in influence
as well

-Cultural
Renaissance
New art,
literature and
musical styles
especially in
opera
GREAT china
dishes sold for
huge profit to
Europe
-Still
emphasizes
landscape and

first to deal with


Europeans arriving
-Population of about 100
million
-Centralized authority
-Emperor directly ruled
rather than use chief
ministers as Mongols had
-New modernized and
traditionally Chinese code
of laws written

nature scenes
history
-last native
Emperors in
Chinese
history.
-first to deal
with
Europeans
arriving
-Population of
about 100
million
-Centralized
authority
-Emperor
directly ruled
rather than
use chief
ministers as
Mongols had
-New
modernized
and
traditionally
Chinese code
of laws
written
-Civil service
exam reinstated
Chinese
scholarship
-Careful
records kept
(census,

-Literacy
increased and
books became
cheaper
because of the
printing press
and a stable
govt.

hereditary
social
hierarchy)
and used to
control
peasants and
strengthen
kingdom