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Salem Al-Marri

Sept. 21st, 2015
Crossing The Aegean Sea:
A Struggle of a Continent
Since ancient times, humans have migrated all over the globe.
Exploring, conquering, trading, and in this articles case: escaping. The
article Im writing about is titled In Search of Refuge by Simon Shuster
from Time Magazine. Simon is writing about the current mass migration of
Syrian refugees escaping war for a better life in Europe. He writes about the
process of which refugees are found, transported, and treated. Then explains
the magnitude of the situation, writing from his point of view as he
accompanies Greek coast guards patrolling the Mediterranean Sea, and
providing a prospective from the refugees and coast guards points of view
respectively. Shuster is trying to give objective information about the crisis
as it is still unfolding, he is giving the opportunity for critique and persuasion
to someone else as he is only trying to deliver to the reader an insight to the
size of the crisis.

The rhetorical situation here is the mass migration of Syrians fleeing

their home country and overcrowded refugee camps in Turkey, to reach

Western Europe. The sense of urgency to write this article comes from the
misunderstanding of the actual size of the situation as Shuster mentions:
The largest mass migration into Europe since World War II (Shuster 1). It
also elaborates on the position of law enforcements at the front lines
receiving the refugees, they arent attacking incoming refugees, but helping
them, as a petty officer includes after saving a boat full of refugees: Now we
go and get the next one.

Shuster is also trying to give detailed information about the current situation
in Western Europe regarding refugee statistics, he is trying to magnify the
numbers by saying More than a quarter million migrants have reached the
Greek islands (Shuster 2) instead of saying 250 thousand. Also saying that
the number of asylum seekers quadrupled, and using $1,000 instead of
writing one thousand to amplify the value. After increasing the significance
of the numbers, Shuster talks about how those numbers left Europe with No
coherent response, this implies that the Europeans arent ready for
welcoming the refugees politically or economically.

The Situation in Europe is divided, Germany is stating that it will

welcome refugees, while Hungary says they wont, and would be seeking to
prosecute migrants who cross illegally, this makes German Chancellor
Angela Merkel say that it wont be the Europe we wished for. After
mentioning the differences of opinion in the European Union, Shuster brings

up how Austria and Hungary later agreed to let the refugees pass by their
countries heading to Germany, and that shows how big of a player Germany
is in the European Union Politics.
The Audience here is Time Magazine readers, old fashioned middle to
upper class people, who will be interested more in the economic and political
implications of refugees entering Europe. This is a global issue involving
multiple economies that can have repercussions spreading outside Europe,
Shuster mentions how the refugees are arriving on islands with Private
resorts that are Full of well-heeled European tourists (Shuster 9) While
Greece is under a financial crisis, the last thing they need is their tourism
sector to die, and by mentioning that Shuster is hoping that they Greeks
would facilitate the transition of refugees from Greece to Germany.

This is an informational article, Shuster is giving a prospective of the

refugees journey, and the law enforcements duties. He describes the living
conditions that are provided for refugees in one of the Greek islands, They
are Squalid Places he says. He also talks about how the food supplies that
the refugees get arent nearly enough for the number of people around, by
describing it as Minor riots have become the norm as people fight to get
into the boats leaving the island. From the other side of the coin, he
mentions how a petty officer says We cant possibly handle them all
because there is only two ships patrolling the sea. (Shuster 9)

Shuster is using pathos to get to the emotions of the reader, he

interviews a 20-year-old medical student that medical student describes
the situation in Syria as It is like hell there now, and how there is a migrant
With a new born in her arms. Describing the types of refugees that are
trying to make the journey to Western Europe, in hopes to change the
images of refugees to be potential contributors of the economy and society,
rather than a burden. The article is from Time magazine, which publishes
credible articles about major events, and Shuster is bringing the story from
the heart of the crisis firsthand. Shuster uses logos and we can see that in
the article, by describing events that he encountered, with logical
information, stating that there is increasing numbers of refugees preparing to
embark on this journey, and the result is a lot of them arriving on the Greek
islands. How the refugees are welcomed, their current living situation, the
lack of resources in the Greek coast guard, and so on.

Shusters Tone is unique, bringing up words that arent used very often,
like Exodus, unimpeded, and squalid. He also shows a picture of a few
refugees in Budapest, Hungary, parents sleeping on cardboards while their
children are playing next to them. In the background we see the Keleti
railway station with its imposing architecture, on the side we see a string
with some pieces of clothes are hanged to dry. This image is very powerful,
because no one would have thought that a capital of a European nation
would look like this in a post-world-war era; yet, this happened.

In all, Shuster brings prospective from both parties of this problem, not
as much of policy makers, but on the front lines, refugees and officers. His
article gives information about the journey that refugees take and their
struggles, and how the officers who are the first people to meet the refugees
are under equipped for the huge number of people. The Article is almost like
a story from different point of views, the officers, the refugees, himself, and
nations as a whole. The major objective here is to shed light on the issue, it
is very current and still ongoing, with numbers changing everyday as he
mentions that There were 25,000 of them and that it is Double the
number registered just a few days earlier. He doesnt persuade the readers
to do anything, because there isnt much to be done anyways, with such
numbers the only thing that can be done is further funding to the parties that
are responsible for welcoming, processing, and situating asylum seekers, and
that differs from nation to nation with their respective policies. The only
objective here was to give important, and insightful information about the
magnitude of the crisis, and he was successful.

Word count: 1133