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47. If 10.

0 g of Aspirin were dissolved in 100mL of water, what weight of A would be


removed by a single extraction with 100 mL of ethyl ether?
(A) 7.1 g

(C) 9.0 g

(B) 8.3 g

(D) Others: 9.6154 g

GIVEN:

EXTRACT, E

SOLVENT, S

SOLUTE: X

100mL Ethyl
Ether

FEED, F

RAFFINATE, R

SOLUTE: 10 g
DILUENT: 100mL
H2O

SOLUTE: 10-X

REQUIRED: SOLUTE IN EXTRACT=?


DETAILED SOLUTION:
Based on the table given in problem 27-28:

k=

Ethyl Ether
=25
H2 O

( 10 X )
X
=
(25)
100
100

X=9.6154 g

48. If 10.0 g of salicylic acid were dissolved in 100mL of water, what weight of
salicylic acid would be extracted by two sequential extractions of the water with 50
mL of chloroform for each extraction?
(A) 12.1 g

(C) 9.2 g

(B) 10.3 g

(D) Others: 9.7615 g

GIVEN:

SOLVENT, S

SOLVENT, S

50 mL
CHLOROFORM

50 mL
CHLOROFORM

FEED, F
SOLUTE: 10g
SALICYCLIC
ACID

EXRACTT1,
100mL
RAFFINATE: X

EXTRACT2,
100mL
RAFFINATE: Y

SOLVENT: 100
mL H2O

SOLVENT, 50 mL

SOLVENT, 50 mL

SOLUTE: 10-X

SOLUTE: X-Y

REQUIRED: SOLUTE IN EXTRACT=?


DETAILED SOLUTION:
Based on the table given in problem 27-28:

k=

Chloroform
=10.95
H 2O

@ Stage 1
10X
X
=
(10.95)
50
100

( )

X = 1.5444
@ Stage 2
XY
Y
=
(10.95)
50
100

( )

1.5444Y
Y
=
(10.95 )
50
100

( )

Y = 0.2385

Total Extract = (10-X) + (X-Y)


(10-1.5444) + (1.5444-0.2385)

Total Extract = 9.761g