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and has at least one variable squared (such as x2)

of a Linear and a Quadratic Equation

A System of those two equations can be solved (find where they intersect), either:

Graphically (by plotting them both on the Function Grapher and zooming in)

or using Algebra

Use the linear equation to calculate matching "y" values, so we get (x,y) points as

answers

y = x2 - 5x + 7

y = 2x + 1

They are both in "y=" format, so go straight to next step

x2 - 5x + 7 = 2x + 1

Subtract 1 from both sides: x2 - 7x + 6 = 0

Start with: x2 - 7x + 6 = 0

Rewrite -7x as -x-6x: x2 - x - 6x + 6 = 0

Then: x(x-1) - 6(x-1) = 0

Then: (x-1)(x-6) = 0

Use the linear equation to calculate matching "y" values, so we get (x,y) points as

answers

The matching y values are (also see Graph):

I think of it as three stages:

Combine into Quadratic Equation Solve the Quadratic Calculate the points

Solutions

There are three possible cases:

One real solution (when the straight line just touches the quadratic)

y - x2 = 7 - 5x

4y - 8x = -21

First equation is: y - x2 = 7 - 5x

Second equation is: 4y - 8x = -21

Divide all by 4: y = 2x - 5.25

x2 - 5x + 7 = 2x - 5.25

Add 5.25 to both sides: x2 - 7x + 12.25 = 0

Using the Quadratic Formula from Quadratic Equations:

x = [ -b (b2-4ac) ] / 2a

x = [ 7 ((-7)2-4112.25) ] / 21

x = [ 7 (49-49) ] / 2

x = [ 7 0 ] / 2

x = 3.5

Use the linear equation to calculate matching "y" values, so we get (x,y) points as

answers

The matching y value is:

2

The cannon ball flies through the air, following a parabola: y = 2 + 0.12x - 0.002x

The land slopes upward: y = 0.15x

Where does the cannon ball land?

Both equations are already in the "y =" format, so set them equal to each other:

Simplify: 0.002x2 + 0.03x - 2 = 0

Multiply by 500: x2 + 15x - 1000 = 0

Solve the Quadratic Equation:

Then: x(x-25) + 40(x-25) = 0

Then: (x+40)(x-25) = 0

x = -40 or 25

The negative answer can be ignored, so x = 25

Use the linear equation to calculate matching "y" value:

y = 0.15 x 25 = 3.75

Sometimes BOTH terms of the quadratic can be squared:

The circle x2 + y2 = 25

And the straight line 3y - 2x = 6

Divide by 3: y = 2x/3 + 2

NOW, Instead of making the circle into "y=" format, we can use substitution (replace "y" in

the quadratic with the linear expression):

Expand: x2 + 4x2/9 + 2(2x/3)(2) + 22 = 25

Multiply all by 9: 9x2 + 4x2 + 2(2x)(2)(3) + (9)(22) = (9)(25)

Simplify: 13x2+ 24x + 36 = 225

Subtract 225 from both sides: 13x2+ 24x - 189 = 0

Now it is in standard Quadratic form, let's solve it:

Split 24x into 63x-39x: 13x2+ 63x - 39x - 189 = 0

Then: x(13x + 63) - 3(13x + 63) = 0

Then: (x - 3)(13x + 63) = 0

So: x = 3 or -63/13

Now work out y-values:

3y - 6 = 6

3y = 12

y=4

3y + 126/13 = 6

y + 42/13 = 2

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