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Biomass

Jaewoo Kim

Elizabeth Park

POE BLOCK 3

Energy Classification of Biomass


Biomass: an energy source derived
from organic matter
Renewable resource
Carbon can be restored through the
carbon cycle.
Plants re-grow

buzzle.com

Biomass Production
Thermal Conversion
Combustion: Burning directly for energy
Gasification: Gas production
Pyrolysis: Biochar and Bio-oil production
Chemical Conversion
Anaerobic Digestion: Anaerobic decomposition
Fermentation: Ethanol Production
Composition: Aerobic decomposition

Costs of Biomass
Biomass = organic matter
Must be grown and harvested, or taken from the environment

Biomass must be harvested and processed


Transportation and storage
Processing and treatment

Wikimedia.org

ai4b.gr

blogs.ei.columbia.edu

Special Transportation Needs


Truck - most commonly used
Pipeline - biofuel
Transmission line - electricity
http://davidpaulcarter.com/

brics-info.org

Biomass Coverage
5% of energy used in US
46% wood
44% biofuels
10% trash
Renewable energy: 7% of
Worlds Energy Consumption
53% Biomass
repreverenewables.com

Emerging Biomass Technologies


Two main goals: Practicality and efficiency
Improved gasification systems lowering prices to
5 cents per kWh
Combustion engines capable of handling more biofuel
percentages
Also aviation fuels
GMOs designed for biomass production

wikimedia.org

gasifiers.bioenergylists.org

Environmental Issues
Improper production or harvesting
Air pollution: Net CO2 output greater than input
Soil exhaustion: Overuse of soil and loss of nutrients
Water demands: Large amounts of water needed
Indirect damage to environment

ecowatch.com

wikimedia.org

http://adventuresportsjournal.com/

References

APA or MLA format


UCSUSA
NRDC
EIA
Columbia.edu
Biomass Energy Centre
Biomass Magazine
Acciona Energy
NCBI
****FORMAT LATER***

Source References

"Genetically Modified Crops for Biomass Increase. Genes and Strategies."National Center for Biotechnology
Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015.
"Biomass." Acciona Energy. ACCIONA Energy S.A, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015.
Simmet, Anna. "Global Costs of Biomass Power." Biomass Magazine. Copyright 2015 - BBI International - All
Rights Reserved., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015.
"Conversion Technologies." Biomass Energy Centre. Crown Copyright 2008-2011, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015.
Cho, Renee. "Is Biomass Really Renewable?" State Of The Planet. Earth Institute, Columbia University, n.d. Web.
02 Oct. 2015.
"Biomass." EIA Energy Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015.
"Biomass Energy and Cellulosic Ethanol." NRDC: Renewable Energy for America: Biomass. Natural Resources
Defense Council, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015.
"How Biomass Energy Works." Union of Concerned Scientists. Union of Concerned Scientists, n.d. Web. 02 Oct.
2015.

Image References

Straw-hay-briquettes. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 31 July 2009. Web. 5 Oct. 2015.
Biomass chips. Digital image. Ai4b. Ai4b, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2015.
Sagor, Eli. A Woody Biomass Harvest Site in MN. Digital image. State of the Planet. Earth Institute, Columbia
University, n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2015.
Luftfahrrad. Saab 9-3 SportCombi. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 6 Aug. 2008. Web. 5
Oct. 2015.
Sjblom, Mikael. Meva Innovation AB, Sweden. Digital image. Gasifiers. BioEnergy Discussion Lists, 6 Sept. 2011.
Web. 5 Oct. 2015.
A Biomass-burning Power Plant. Digital image. Adventure Sports Journal. 2015, Adventure Sports Journal, n.d.
Web. 5 Oct. 2015.
Beans, Laura. Clear Cutting. Digital image. Eco Watch. 2015 EcoWatch, 15 July 2013. Web. 5 Oct. 2015.
Bdk. Intensive tillage result on soil degradation. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 14 Aug.
2004. Web. 5 Oct. 2015.