You are on page 1of 5

Anna Guilford

Additional DVD features


Subtitles/subtitles
In most movies there will be a subtitle button to enable to user to read what is going on in the movie
as well hearing it. The subtitles are mainly used for people with disabilities such as hearing. Subtitles
are derived from either a transcript or a screenplay of the dialog or commentary in movies, video
games, television programs subtitles could be placed either at the bottom of the screen or
sometimes theyre placed at the top of the screen. Subtitles can either a form of written translation
of a dialog in a foreign language or could be written rendering of the dialog in the same language
with are without added information to help viewers who are deaf and hard of hearing to follow the
dialog or viewer who are not able to understand the spoken dialogue or who have accent
recognition problems. The encoded method can either be pre-rendered with the video or separate
as either a graphic or text to be rendered and overlaid by the receiver. The separate subtitles are
used for DVD, Blue ray and television subtitling or ELA-608 captioning which are hidden subtitles
unless it is requested by the viewer from a menu or remote controller key or maybe even by
selecting relevant page or service. Subtitles are also used for people which have different languages
so they are then able to sued subtitles to get a better understanding of the film as they are then able
to read what the dialog within the film and will be able to understand it as they can use various
different languages.

Easter eggs
An Easter egg within in films is an intentional inside joke, hidden message or a feature in an
interactive work such as a computer game, video game or DVD menu screen. Easter eggs are usually
found on film blu-rays and DVDs sometimes as deleted scenes or even a bonus special features.
Easter eggs are featured in any movies but not many people see them as they are well hidden.
According to Berardnelli and Ebert most of the DVDs do not contain Easter eggs, and most
examples are inconsequential but very few which were found on the Memento DVD release.
Easter eggs may still appear in the content itself for example a hidden micky mouse in a Disney film
or a real telephone number instead of 555 telephone number.

Anna Guilford
Animation
An animation is the process of making the illusion of motion and change which means of the rapid
display of a sequence of static images which minimally differ from each other. Animation may be
recorded with either analogue media for example a flip book, video type, motion picture film or
digital media which includes formats like animated GIF, flash animation or even digital video. To
display animation, a digital camera, projector or computer are also being used along with new
technologies which are being produced. Animation creation methods sometimes include the
traditional animation creation method and those involving stop motion animation or two and three
dimensional objects.

DTS
DTS stands for a series of multichannel audio technologies which is owned by DTS Inc. which
means digital theatre systems, which is an American company which specializes in digital surround
sound formats which is used for both commercial/theatrical and consumer grade applications.
Cinemas division was divested to form DTS Digital Cinema which was in 2008 and then in 2009 DTS
digital cinema was purchased by Beaufort international group Plc. And then this became known as
Datasat Digital Entertainment. In theatrical use, a proprietary 24-bit time code is optically images
onto the film. DTS has invented a line-up of surround sound which encodes schemes. As with Dolby
digital DTS used less compression higher data rate- than Dolby digital.

Dolby
Dolby digital is a different name for audio compression technology which is developed by Dolby
laboratories. Dolby digital was originally named Dolby stereo digital until 1994. Excluding Dolby
TrueHD, the audio compression Is lossy. The very first use of Dolby digital was to provide digital
sound in cinemas form 35mm film prints. Dolby is now used for other application for example HDTV
broadcast, Blue-ray disc, DVDs and game consoles. Dolby is a common version which contains up to
six discrete channels of sound. The most elaborate mode which is common use involves five
channels for normal-range speakers and one channel. Mono and stereo modes are also supported.

Anna Guilford
Regional codes
DVD regional codes are the digital rights management technique which is designed to allow film
distributors to be able to control aspects of a release which includes content, release date and price,
according to the region. This was achieved by the way of region-locked DVD players, which will then
play back only DVDs encoded to their region 0 even those without encoded code. The purpose of
region coding is being able to control release dates. A practice of movie marketing threatened by the
advent of digital home video is to release movie to cinemas, and then for general sale, sometimes
later in some other countries than in others. DVD movies are usually coded with what is called a
country or regional code or sometimes a zone lock. The three names mean that same things. DVD
movies are given a regional code and the code on the DVD movie must match that of the DVD player
to be able to view the movie. DVD region codes are numbered 1 through to 8; with the first six being
specific geographical regions and seven and eight being reserved for special play arenas.

Copyright protection
DVD copy protection is a blanket which is terms for various different methods of copyright
protection which is for DVDs. Many of protection schemes rely on breaking compliance with DVD
standards which then lead to playback problems on some devices. Protection schemes rely on
distinctive features that:
May be applies to median during the manufacturing stage so that a protected median is
distinguishable from an unprotected one.
Files cant be fake, copied or retroactively which are applied to an unprotected median using
typical hardware and software.
A1D is a protection services for providing the highest standard CD/DVD duplication/replication and
DVD authoring service which is based in the UK.
The copyright designs and patents act which was created in 1988 it was introduced for two main
reasons which consist of, making sure people are rewarded for their hard work and to give the
creator some form of protection if their work was to be stolen. Before this act was introduced there
was very little ways of protecting your work if someone was to steal it and claim that it was their
own. This law covers lots of different types of primary multimedia and in particular it mainly focused
on protecting ICT work as someones work is exposed publically on to the web it will be a lot easily to
steal and claim that it is yours. This also applies coping software, videos, images, text, songs etc.
Anything that someone has created and you have taken it without asking for permission is in breach
of this copyright law. At the moment in the UK, you do not have to apply or register since the law of
copyright are enforced automatically. This can last up to a lifetime and then an additional 70 years

Anna Guilford
after the creators death. After this time has passed the copyright is usually passed down to the
owners beneficiaries trying to track this can sometimes be hard as primary assets without the
copyright holders permission may put you in serious trouble since you are in violation of this
copyright law. The copyright holder is the only person who may authorise the reproduction of the
piece of work in any median by any other party even if the work is store electronically.
With images theres always an option to be able to use stock photos these are phots where the
copyright owner has decided to allow the public to freely use their work. Sometimes strict rules may
apply about when and where the asset you have select may be used so its always important to read
what the copyright holder has specify said. Youre able to actually pay for some assets which means
that you dont really need to buy the copyright to the image, but you but the right to be able to use
it.
Ofcom is an independent telecommunication regulator for the UK and this regulates things closely
like radio, internet, radio and broadband. Ofcom is a regulator which creates laws and various other
different regulations which regulate closely as to what should be shown on TV, on the internet and
radio and when exactly these music videos and other forms of music which should be shown on
public television, the internet. MTV regulates their own music videos with their own classifications
classifying videos which are explicit and ones which are only available for people who are over the
age of 18 to view the music video. Other channels such as BBC and ITV have to obey the 9.00pm
watershed that runs from 9.00pm to 5.30am from these explicit content for people who are of the
age of 18 and above. Music videos have to have the age rating stamped on them as well as hard
copies of cds that are produced this scheme of rating these music videos with age classifications
will run for three months under an initial pilot scheme which will be ran by the UK government.
Music videos can be viewed form a number of different websites as well as apps on various different
devices such as mobile phones, tablets, iPads and many more different devices. For example, music
videos can be watched on YouTube, vevo, vimeo and many others such as social media like twitter
and Facebook. All these websites have various different ways of regulating who watches the videos
on these websites but the ways of regulation are not detailed enough and does not cover all the
angles meaning that people that are 15 can have access to explicit contented videos on YouTube
because they are bale to sign themselves up as an 18-year-old. Anyone is able to access any video on
YouTube as they are able to just tick a box to confirm age, anyone is able to tick a box of any age
meaning small children could be watching an explicit content on devices by the fault of YouTube
unregulated website and App. this is basically the same rules for movies a part from if you was to
go to the cinema and watch a movie which was classified as an 18 then you would need I.D to prove
your age and the same for movies with a classified as 15 years old you would need I.D to prove your
age.

Anna Guilford
Parental controls
Parental controls are features which may be included in digital television services, films, computer
and video games, mobile devices and software. Parental controls fall into about 4 categories which
are:
content filters which have limit access to age inappropriate content;
usage controls - which constrain the usage of devices for example placing time-limits on
usage or forbidding certain types of usage.
Computer usage management tools - which enforce the use of certain software
Monitoring which can track location and activity when using the devices.
Another feature of parental controls is having the ability to be able to block rating like parental
advisory, TV-MA for TV and R and NC-17 for MPAA. Content filters was the first popular type of
parental controls which have limit access to internet content. Modern usage controls are able to
restrict a range of explicit contents like explicit songs and movies.
Parental controls are the names for being able to filter and block certain contents and will help you
protect children from the things which they shouldnt be able to see or do online.