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# Chapter 5

Diode Rectifiers

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Uncontrolled utility interface (ac to dc)

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

## Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode

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A Simple Circuit

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Current continues to flows for a while even after the input

voltage has gone negative
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## A Simple Circuit (Load has a dc back-emf)

Current begins to flow when the input voltage exceeds the dc back-emf
Current continues to flows for a while even after the input voltage has
gone below the dc back-emf
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Large capacitor at the dc output for filtering and energy

storage
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Two simple (idealized) cases to begin with

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Two groups, each with two diodes

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

## Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode

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Waveforms with a
and a purely dc current
at the output

## In both cases, the dc-side

voltage waveform is the same

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Idealized case with a purely dc output current

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Output current is assumed to be purely dc

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Assuming inductance in this circuit to be zero

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## Inductance in this circuit is included

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Shows the volt-seconds needed to commutate current

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## Shows the necessary volt-seconds

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## Note the current loops for analysis

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Rectifier with a dcside voltage

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## Zero current corresponds to dc voltage equal to the peak of

the input ac voltage
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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THD, PF and DPF

## Very high THD at low current values

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## The Crest Factor is very high at low values of current

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Diode-Rectifier with a Capacitor Filter

resistance
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## Equivalent circuit for analysis on one-half cycle basis

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## Analysis using MATLAB

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Analysis using PSpice

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Analysis using PSpice

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

## Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode

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Line-Voltage Distortion

## PCC is the point of common coupling

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

## Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode

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Line-Voltage Distortion

## Distortion in voltage supplied to other loads

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## In 115-V position, one capacitor at-a-time is charged from the

input.
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## A common neutral wire is assumed

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System

## The current in the neutral wire can be very high

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## Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier

Commonly used
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## Two groups with three diodes each

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## Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier Waveforms

Output current is
assumed to be dc

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Line-Current

## Assuming output current to be purely dc and zero ac-side

inductance
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## Including the ac-side inductance

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## 3-Phase Rectifier: Current Commutation

output
current is
assumed to be
purely dc

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## Output voltage is assumed to be purely dc

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## THD, PF and DPF as functions of load current

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## The Crest Factor is very high at low values of current

by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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## Three-Phase Rectifier Waveforms

PSpice-based analysis