1

DICTIONARY OF AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANTS.

PROF: P.T.R A J A S E K H AR A N NAIR Transliteration Key. A=A, A-, Ai, Am, Ah. B= Ba Bha. C= Ca, Cha. D= D-a, D-ha, Da, Dha. E= E, E-. F= --, G= Ga, Gha. H= Ha. I=I, I-. J= Ja, Jha. K= Ka, Kha, Ksa. L= La, L.a. M= Ma. N= Na, , N-a. N.a, N-a. O= O, O-, OU. P= Pa, Pha. Q =--. R= R, Ra. S= Sa. T= T-a, T-ha, Ta, Tha. U= U, U . V= Va. W=--. X=--.Y= Ya. Z= --.
Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Malayalam Name A- lila kkallu-r vanchi A- llam A- lmond A- mbal A- na choriyannam A- na chunda A- na chuvadi A- na kuruntho- tti A- na ppana A- na thippalli Botanical Name Rotula acquatica Lour. Careya arborea Roxb. Prunus amygdalus L. Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f. Girardina zeylanica L. Solanum torvum L. Elephantopus scaber L. Sida spinosa L. Caryota urens L. Scindapsus officinalis Schott. Family Boraginaceae Barrigtoniaceae Rosaceae Nymphaceae Urticaceae Solanaceae Asteraceae Malvaceae Palmae Araceae

Parts us

Whole pl

Leaves, b Fruits

Rhizome Leaves

Fruits, R

Roots, ba

Whole pl

Buds, lea

Inflorens

2 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. A na yadiyan A- nan-erin-il A -njili A- ral A- rogyapacha A- ru ve-ppu A- rukam A- rya ve-la A- rya ve-ppu A- sa- li A- tan mula A- tha chakka A- tt.u kott.appa- la A- tthi A- ttu maruthu A- ttu pe-zhu A- ttu vanchi A -tu na-rive-la (var) A- val A- van.ak A- var thaki A- vara A- vil Acha-ramkolli Acla-ri the-nga
-

Elephantopus scaber L. Pedalium murex L. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Clitoria ternatea L. Trichopus zeylanicus Gaertn. Azadirachta indica Juss. Prunus domestica L. Cleome viscosa L. Azadirachta indica Juss. Lepidium sativum L. Capparis deciduas Forsk. Annona squamosa L. Aristolochia bracteata Retz. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Salix tetrasperma Roxb. Cleome viscosa L. Holoptelea integrifolia Pl. Ricinus communis L. Cassia auriculata L. Cassia auriculata L. Holoptelea integrifolia Pl. Polycarpae corymbosa L. Lodoicea maldivica Poir.

Asteraceae Pedaliaceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Dioscoriaceae Meliaceae Rosaceae Capparidaceae Meliaceae Cruciferae Capparidaceae Anonaceae Aristolochiaceae Papilionaceae Combretaceae Barringtoniaceae Salicaceae Capparidaceae Ulmaceae Euphorbiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Ulmaceae Caryophyllaceae Arecaceae

Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl

Roots, le

Whole pl

Whole pl Fruts

Whole pl

Whole pl Seeds Roots &

Whole pl Roots &

Roots, ba

Bark, fru

Whole pl

Bark of r

Whole pl

Bark, lea

Leaves, r

Roots, ba

Roots, ba

Bark, lea

Whole P

Husk, en

3 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. Agasi Agasthi Agathi Agnima-nda Aivirali kko-va Ajapriya Aka-ra karabha A-kasa garud.akkodi A-kasa valli A-kasavalli Akassi Akathi Akathi (var) Akho-ri Akil Akkaramkolli Akka-ramkolli Akki kkaruka Akkra-ve Akkrott. Akshoda vrusham Akso-dam Alakku che-ru Alambbu Alari Linum usitatissimum L. Capparis decidua Forsk. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Clerodendrum phlomoids L. Diplocyclos palmata L. Zizyphus numularia W&A Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Cassytha filiformis L. Linum usitatissimum L. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Sesbania aegyptica L. Flacourtia indica. L. Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. Polycarpae corymbosa L. Polycarpae corymbosa L. Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. Juglans regia DC. Juglans regia L. Juglans regia L. Semecarpus anacardium L. Lagenaria vulgaris L. Plumeria rubra L. Linaceae Capparidaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Cucurbitaceae Rhamnaceae Asteraceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Lauraceae Linaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Flacourtiaceae Thymediaceae Caryophyllaceae Caryophyllaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Juglandaceae Juglandaceae Juglandaceae Anacardiaceae Cucurbitaceae Apocynaceae

Flrs, s

Roots, fr

Roots, le

Whole P

Whole pl Fruits

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole P

Flowers, Wood

Roots, W

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole P

Whole P

Whole pl

Whole pl Fruit

Whole P

Whole P Fruits Roots

Roots, B

4 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. Alassipoo maram Ama Ama Ama e-tta Amal ppori Amalave-dasa Amarcha kkodi Amari Amba- zham Ambazham Amburi ppachila Ampott.al Amruth Amruth valli Amukkuram A-nakkaitha Anali ve-gam Anana- s Ango-lam A-njali Anjila tha-li Anna kka-ra Anthimalari Appa Appa kkadukka
-

Delonix regia Rot. Arundo donax L. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Arundo donax L. Rauvolfia serpentina L. Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Cayratia carnosa Wall. Indigofera tinctoria L. Spondias pinnata L. Spondias pinnata L. Securinega leucopyrus Willd. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Tinospora cordifolia Willd. Tinospora cordifolia Willd. Withania somnifera Dun. Agave americana L. Alstonia venenata R. Br. Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Garuga pinnata Roxb. Mirabilis jalapa L. Ageratum conyzoides L. Cochlospermum religiosum L.

Caesalpiniaceae Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Apocynaceae Clusiaceae Vitaceae Papilionaceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Menispermaceae Menispermaceae Solanaceae Liliaceae Apocynaceae Bromeliaceae Alangiaceae Moraceae Convovulaceae Burseraceae Nyctaginaceae Asteraceae Cochlospermacea e

Bark,L Roots

Roots &s Roots

Roots &l

Whole P

Whole pl

Whole pl

Bark &fr

Bark &fr

Whole pl

Roots &s Stem Stem Roots &

Whole P Roots & Fruits

Roots, fr

Whole pl

Tuberous

Whole pl

Roots,Le

Roots &l

Leaves, f

5 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. Apricot. Arabi kundaricum Arali Arali Aram puli Aran.a maram Arani. Aratha Araya- val Araya-l Arga-thi Ari Arime-dam Arinelli Arippu Aristaka Arive-lam Aruni Arutha Asho-kam Ashtagandha Ashtagandhamaram Astama-nthaka At.a pathiyan At.a pothiyan Prunus armeniaca L. Liquidamber orientalis Mill. Nerium odorum Ait. Nerium oleander-roseum L. Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Polyalthia longifolia Hk .f. & T. Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Alpinia galanga L. Cleome viscosa L. Ficus religiosa L. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Oryza sativa L Acacia furnesiana Willd. Phyllanthus acidus (Linn.) Skeels Lantana camara var. aculeate L. Sapindus trifolia L. Acacia furnesiana Willd. Nerium oleander-album L. Ruta graveolens L. Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde Withania aswaganda L. Aquilaia malacienisis Lam. Ficus rumpjii L. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Rosaceae Hamamelidaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Caesalpiniaceae Anonaceae Simarubaceae Zingiberaceae Cruciferae Moraceae Papilionaceae Poaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Verbenaceae Sapindaceae Mimosoideae Apocynaceae Rutaceae Caesalpiniaceae Solanaceae Thymediaceae Moraceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadaceae

Fruits

Resin [B

Whole pl

Whole P

Bark, Le Bark

Bark, Flo

Rhizome

Leaves, S

Whole pl

Roots, B Grains

Bark,Lea Fruits

Whole pl

Bark, Ro

Bark,Lea

Whole P

Whole pl

Bark, Le Roots

Leaves R Bark Roots Roots

6 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. At.akka maniyan At.akka- maram At.akka-pazham At.akka-ppa-nal At.akodiyan At.ambbu valli At.ambu At.ambuvalli At.avi kacho-lam A-t.una- rive-la A-talot.akam Athassipo-maram Athi vit.ayam Athibala Att.a-ni parippu Atthi Atthi chakka Atthi thippalli Atthine-r A-ttu derbha A-ttu punna A-ttu the-kku A-ttuvanchi (Var) A-tu thinna-ppa-la
-

Sphaeranthus indicus L. Areca catechu L. Psidium guajava L. Desmodium triquetrum L. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Ipomoea pes- caprae L. Ipomoea pes- caprae L. Butea parviflora Roxb. Angelica glauca L. Cleome gynandra L. Adhatoda vasica Nees. Delonix regia Rot. Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Abutilon racemosum L. Lens culinaris Medicas. Ficus recemosa L. Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr. Scindapsus officinalis Schott. Ficus racemosa L. Imperata cylindrica Beauv. Calophyllum apetalum Linn. Neolamarckia cadamba Roxb. Salix caprea L. Aristolochia bracteata Retz.

Asteraceae Arecaceae Myrtaceae Papilionaceae Asclepiadaceae Convovulaceae Convovulaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Capparidaceae Acanthaceae Caesalpiniaceae Ranunculaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae Moraceae Bromeliaceae Araceae Moraceae Poaceae Clusiaceae Rubiaceae Salicaceae Aristolochiaceae

Whole Fruits

Roots, le

Whole pl Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl

Bark,Gum

Whole pl

Whole P

Whole pl

Bark,Lea Roots Roots Seeds

Whole pl Fruits

Infloresc Latex Roots.

Bark, see

Bark, lea Wood Roots &

7 134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. A tuthoda ppa la Avara Avaram Ave- n A-ve-rum Avil Avilppori Ayamo-dakam Ayamo-dakam ((var) Ayani Ayani ppla-vu Ayyabba-na Ayyappa-la Ayyappa-na Azhinjil Azhukanni Bada-m Bada-m kotta Bala vacha Balbaja ppullu Ballado-na Ba-na ppu-v Ba-rli Basala chi-ra Bensoin
-

Aristolochia indica L. Lablab purpureus L. Cassia auriculata L. Papaver somniferum L. Cassia auriculata L. Elaeocarpus serratus L. Ophiorrhiza mungo L. Trachysermum ammi L. Trachyspermum roxburghianum DC. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Cressa cretica L. Prunus dulcis DA. Prunus dulcis DA. Iris versicolour L. Pollinidium angustifolium L. Atropa bella-dona L. Catheranthus roseus L. Hordeum vulgare L. Basella alba var. rubra L. Styrax benzoin L.

Aristolochiaceae Papilionaceae Caesalpiniaceae Papavaraceae Caesalpiniaceae Elaeocarpaceae Rubiaceae Apiacae Apiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Asteraceae Apocynaceae Asteraceae Alangiaceae Convolvulaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Iridaceae Poaceae Solanaceae Apocynaceae Poaceae Basellaceae Stryraceae

Roots

Leaves, S

Fruits,Le

Petals, F

Roots, ba

Leaves, F Roots Fruits Fruits

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

Bark & l

Whole pl

Roots, Fl

Whole pl

Kernel o

Kernel o

Rhizome W.plant W.plant W.plant Grain W.plant Latex

8 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. Bhuja pathram Bhumicha kkarai Bhurja maram Bhuthangu-sam Bi-di yila Bi-tt root Brahmi Branga ra-ja Celary Chadachi Chadayan Chakari pazham Chakkara kolli Chakkara thakara Chakkaramullu Chakrathakara Cha-ma Chamatha Chanam Chanam (var) Chandana ve-ppu Chandi ppayar Changalam peranda Chanjusakam Channa ku-va Betula utilis D. Don. Maerua arenaria Hook. Betula utilis D. Don. Croton oblongifolius Roxb. Diopyros verginiana L. Beeta vulgaris L. Bacopa monieri L. Weddelia calendulaca L. Apium graveolens L. Grewia tilifolia Vahl. Passiflora foetida L. Grewia hirsuta Vahl. Gymnema sylvestre R.B. Cassia tora L. Acanthus ilicifolius L. Cassia tora L. Panicum millare L. Butea monosperma L. Corchorus capsularis L. Crotalaria juncea L. Toona ciliata Roem. Canavelia gladiata Jacq. Cissus quadrangularis L. Corchorus fasicularis L. Costus speciosus L. Betulaceae Capparidaceae Betulaceae Euphorbiaceae Ebnaceae Chenopodiaceae Scrophulariaceae Asteraceae Apiaceae Teliaceae Passifloraceae Teliaceae Asclepiadaceae Caesalpiniaceae Acanthaceae Caesalpiniaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Teliaceae Papilionaceae Meliaceae Papilionaceae Vitaceae Teliaceae Zingiberaceae Bark. Roots Bark. Bark. Leaves

Tap root, W.plant

Whole P Seeds

Bark, lea

Whole P Fruits W.plant W.plant

Whole P Leaves Grains

Bark, Le W.plant

Seeds, B W.plant Seeds W.plant W.plant Leaves

9 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. Chappagam Charalam Charalam (var) Charmalanda Chathura kkalli Chathura mulla Chathura ppuli Chathura valli Chavyam Che- la maram Che- mbu Che- rkkuru Che- ru Che-laeam Chem paruthi Chembarathi Chembathi Chemmaram Chempakam Chen chandanam Chen chi-ra Chen kat.uk Chen tha-mara Che-na Chee-nappa-ve Caesalpinia sapan L. Pinus longifolia Roxb. Pinus roxburghii L. Acacia sinuata L. Euphorbia antiquorum L Myxopyrum serratum L. Averhoa carambola L. Myxopyrum serratum L. Piper chaba L. Ficus arnottiana L. Colocasia esculenta L. Semicarpus anacardium L. Semicarpus anacardium L. Parmelia perlata Huds. Gossipium arboreum L. Hibiscus rosa- sinensis L. Hibiscus rosa- sinensis L. Aphanamixis polystachya Wall. Michelia champaca L. Pterocarpus santalinus Lin.f. Beeta vulgaris L. Brassica compestries L. Nelumbo nucifera Gartn. Amorphophallus companulatus L. Smilax glabera Roxb. Caesalpiniaceae Pinaceae Pinaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Oleaceae Oxallidaceae Oleaceae Piperaceae Moraceae Araceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Parmeliaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Meliaceae Magnoliaceae Papilionaceae Chenopodiaceae Brassicaceae Nymphaceae Araceae Liliaceae Resin Oil Pods Latex W.plant Fruits W.plant Roots Bark Corm. Fruits Fruits W.plant

Heartw

Cellulose

Leaves, f

Leaves, f

Bark, see

Leaves, f

Heartwo Taproot, Seeds W.plant Corm. Roots

10 209. 210. 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220. 221. 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227. 228. 229. 230. Chee nappa ve (var) Chee-nappa-ve (var) Chee-nappa-ve (var) Chendu-rakam Chengazhineer Chengazhineer Kizhag Chengazhineer kuva Chengillyam Chenkan.a pullu Chenni na-yakam Cheriya At.a kothimbala Cheriya E-tha Cheriya Ka- ttu vellari Cheriya Karpurathulasi Cheriya landa Cheriya Mu-nja Cheriya Ramathulassi Cheriya Ukamaram Cheriya ulli Cherry Cheru chana Cheru Chi- ra
-

Smilax macrophylla L. Smilax prolifera L. Smilax zeyanica L. Carthamus tinctorius L Kaemferia rotunda L. Kaempferia rotunda L. Kaempferia rotunda L. Shorea robusta Gartn. Cymbopogon citratus DC. Aloe barbadensis Mill. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Phoenix dactylifera L. Cucumis callosus L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Ziziphus oenoplia L. Premna corymbosa R ottl. Ocimum basilicum L. Salvadora oleoides D. Don. Allium cepa L. Prunus erasus L. Linum usitatissimum L. Amaranthus spinosus L.

Liliaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Asteraceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Dipterocarpaceae Poaceae Liliaceae Asclepiadaceae Palmae Cucurbitaceae Lamiaceae Rhamnaceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Salvadoraceae Liliaceae Rosaceae Linaceae Amaranthaceae

Roots Roots Roots Seeds Tubers Tubers Tubers Resin W.plant

Solidified Roots Fruits

Roots, fr Leaves Roots W.plant Leaves

Fruits, le Bulb Fruits

Flrs, seed W.plant

11 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246. 247. 248. 249. 250. 251. 252. 253. 254. 255. Cheru chunda Cheru chu-ral Cheru kacho-lam Cheru Kadali Cheru Ka-ra Cheru Kat.ala-di Cheru kat.uk Cheru Kla-v Cheru Kumbalanga Cheru Kumble Cheru- la Cheru Na-gadendi Cheru N-ara Cheru Na-rekam Cheru Naruvari Cheru payar Cheru-la Cheru pullat.i Cheru punna Cheru te-k Cheru thulasi Cheru vazhuthanaga Cheru vidukol Cheruche-ra Cherukaruva Solanum anguivi Lam. Calamus travencoricus L. Hedychium spicatum Buch. Osbeckia glauca L. Canthium parviflorum Lam. Cyathula prostrata L. Brassica junceae L Carissa carandas L. Benincasa hispida L. Salvadora oleoides D. Don. Aerva lanata L. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Syzygium caryophyllatum L. Citrus limon L. Cordia dichotoma Forst. Vigna radiata L. Aerva lanata L. Adiantum lanulatum L. Celastrus paniculatus L. Clerodendrum seratum L. Ocimum cannum L. Solanum anguivi Lam. Vigna tilobata L. Alternanthera versicolor L. Cinnamomum wightii L. Solanaceae Palmae Zingiberaceae Melastomaceae Rubiaceae Amaranthaceae Cruciferae Apocynaceae Cucurbitaceae Salvadoraceae Amaranthaceae Euphorbiaceae Myrtaceae Rutaceae Boraginaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Fern Celastraceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Solanaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Lauraceae W.plant

Roots

Rhizome W.plant

Roots, le Roots Seeds

Roots, fr Fruits

Fruits, le W.plant

Roots, le Flr.buds Fruits W.plant Seeds W.plant W.plant

Bark, lea

Roots, le W.plant Roots

Whole P Leaves Bark

12 256. 257. 258. 259. 260. 261. 262. 263. 264. 265. 266. 267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. Cheruna ragam Cherupanicha Cherupullat.i (var) Cherupullat.i (var) Cheruvallal Cheruvayana Cheruvula Chethi Chethi kot.ive-li Chi -na ppa-v Chi- vikka Chica- ca Chinna- mukki Chithira ppa-la Chithirppa-la (var) Chittae-lam Chittaratha Chitta-t.a lot.akam Chitta-thirani Cho- lam Chokkan chi- ra Chokkan ka-ya Chokkan ki-ra Chonna- mukki Chori valli Chori yannam
-

Citrus aurantifolia L. Diospyros tomentosa Roxb. Desmodium trifolium L. Justicia diffusa Willd. Hydrocotyle javanica L. Cinnamomum tamala L. Aerva lanata L. Ixora coccinea L. Plumbago indica L. Smilax china L. Acacia sinuata Lour. Acacia sinuata L. Cassia angustifoli L. Euphorbia hirta L. Euphorbia thymifolia L. Elettaria cardamomum Matrn. Alpinia calcarata L. Adhatoda beddomei L. Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Zea mays L. Rumex vesicarius L. Bixa orellana L. Rumex vesicarius L. Cassia senna L. Cayratia carnosa Wall. Tragia involucrata L.

Rutaceae Ebnaceae Papilionaceae Acanthaceae Apiaceae Lauraceae Amaranthaceae Rubiaceae Plumbaginaceae Liliaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Caesalpiniaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Acanthaceae Asteraceae Poaceae Polygonaceae Bixaceae Polygonaceae Caesalpiniaceae Vitaceae Euphorbiaceae

Fruits

Whole P

Roots, L Leaves Leaves Bark W.plant W.plant Roots Roots Pods Pods Leaves W.plant

Whole P Fruits

Rhizome W.plant

Whole P Grains Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves W.plant

Roots, L

13 282. 283. 284. 285. 286. 287. 288. 289. 290. 291. 292. 293. 294. 295. 296. 297. 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. Chorikkotta Chowwalli kot.i Chu- ral Chukku Chukru mani Chu-lamaruth Chulli Chunda Chunda (var) Chu-nda ppana Chura Churali Chut.u kalpuram Chutti thirutha-li Chuvanna Chegazhineer Chuvanna a-l Chuvanna amalpori Chuvanna atambu Chuvanna kat.aladi Chuvanna kot.uve-li Chuvanna kunni Chuvanna mulak Chuvanna velutha arali Chuvanna mantharam Grewia microcos L. Rubia cordifolia L. Calamus rotang L. Zingiber officinale Roxb. Souropus androguinus L. Terminalia travancorensis W&Arn Hygrophylla auriculata Schum. Solanum anguivi Lam. Solanum erianthum D.Don Caryota urens L. Lagenaria vulgaris L. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Cinnamomum camphora L. Ipomoea sepiaria Koen. Kaempferia rotunda L. Ficus lacor Buch &Ham Rauvolfia serpentina L. Argyreia nervosa Burm f. Cyathula prostrata L Plumbago indica / rosea L. Abrus precatorius L. Capsicum annum L. Nerium indicum Mill. Bauhinia variegata L. Teliaceae Rubiaceae Palmae Zingiberaceae Euphorbiaceae Combretaceae Acanthaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Arecaceae Cucurbitaceae Clusiaceae Lauraceae Convolvulaceae Zingiberaceae Moraceae Apocynaceae Convolvulaceae Amaranthaceae Plumbaginaceae Papilionaceae Solanaceae Apocynaceae Caesalpiniaceae

Roots Ba Roots W.plant

Rhizome Leaves Bark W.plant Roots

Roots, Fl

Seeds, le

Fruits, st

Flowers, Bark. W.plant Roots Bark Roots Roots Roots Roots Roots Fruits

Bark of r

Roots, ba

14 306. 307. 308. 309. 310. 311. 312. 313. 314. 315. 316. 317. 318. 319. 320. 321. 322. 323. 324. 325. 326. 327. 328. 329. 330. Chuvannathrikolpakkonna Chuvannulli Chuzhali pa- rakam Chuzhalipa-rakam Cincho-na Daiva ppa-la Danda ppa-la Dandi Dandika Darba ppullu Darbha De-vada-ram Dhanua ya-ssam Dhanuana vruksham Duktha fe-ni Dura labha E- zhilam pa-la E-ka nayakam E-la va-lukam Elakkalli E-lam Elangi Elavangam Elavangam (var) Elave Operculina turpethum L. Allium cepa L. Xanthium strumarium L. Xanhium strumarium L. Cinchona officianalis L. Alstonia scholaris L. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Desmostachya bipinnata L. Desmostachya bipinnata L. Cedrus deodara Roxb. Fagonia cretica L. Grewia tilifolia Vahl. Taxacum officinale L. Fagonia cretica L. Alstonia scholaris L. Salacia reticulata Wight. Prunus cerasoides D.Don. Euphorbia nerifolia L. Elettaria cardamomum Matrn. Mimosops elengi L. Cinnamomum verum Presl. Cinamomum zylanicum L. Salmalia malabarica Schott. Convolvulaceae Liliaceae Astraceae Asteraceae Rubiaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Poaceae Pinaceae Zygophyllaceae Teliaceae Asteraceae Zygophyllaceae Apocynaceae Hippocrataceae Rosacae Euphorbiaceae Zingiberaceae Sapotaceae Lauraceae Lauraceae Bombacaceae Roots Bulb W.plant

Whole P Bark

Bark, lea

Roots, le W.plant W.plant Roots Roots

Heart wo W.plant Bark. W.plant W.plant

Bark, lea Roots Fruits

Roots , L

Seeds, O

Bark, flrs

Bark, oil Bark

Latex, B

15 331. 332. 333. 334. 335. 336. 337. 338. 339. 340. 341. 342. 343. 344. 345. 346. 347. 348. 349. 350. 351. 352. 353. 354. 355. Elavu Eli chevi Eli ppongu Eli tadiyan Eli chuzhiyan Ellenna Ellu Enna ppana Ephedra Eratt.a a- ni Eratt.i madhuram Eringium Eroppa kaitha Eru kkizhag Eruka ppullu Erukku Eruma kkalli Eruma na-kku Eru ppacha E-zha chembakam E-zhal Ganapathi na- rekam Gandha je-rakam Gandha ko- kila Gandha nachet.i Bombax cieba L. Merremia emarginata Burm f. Mesua nagasarium Burm f. Rhaphidophora laciniata Burm f. Didymocarpus tomentosa L. Sesamum indicum L Sesamum indicum L Eleas guanensis L. Ephedra geradiana Wall. Leea indica Burm f. Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Eringium foetida L. Agave americana L. Zingiber officianale Roxb. Typha angustata B &Ch. Calotropis gigantea L. Argemon mexicana L. Ficus hispida L. Spilanthus calva L. Plumeria acutifolia L Embelia tjerm-cottam L Citrus medica L. Plantago ovata Forsk. Aganosma dichotoma Roth. Achillea millefolium L. Bombacaceae Convolvulaceae Clusiaceae Araceae Gesneriaceae Pedaliaceae Pedaliaceae Arecaceae Ephedraceae Leeaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Lilliaceae Zingiberaceae Typhaceae Asclepiadaceae Papavaraceae Moraceae Asteraceae Apocynaceae Myrsinaceae Rutaceae Plantaginaceae Apocynaceae Asteraceae

Whole pl

Whole pl

Flowers, Stem

Whole pl

Seeds, oi

Roots, le

Pericarp,

Whole P

Roots, L Roots

Whole P

Whole P

Rhizome

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

Root, bar

Flower b Bark Roots Fruits Seeds

Latex, Fl

Whole P

16 356. 357. 358. 359. 360. 361. 362. 363. 364. 365. 366. 367. 368. 369. 370. 371. 372. 373. 374. 375. 376. 377. 378. 379. 380. Ganga thulasi Gantha prasa- rani Gantha ra-jan Garuda kkot.i Garuda ppacha Gaveduka Ghuda sarkara Go- gibra Go- puramthangi Go- raksha Go-tamb Gra-mbu Granthi ka-keram Guggulu maram Gulgulu Gulkhera cheti Ha pusha Harmal He-mandha haritham Himgu pathri Hiranya thutham I la kalli I la mulachi I lakkanni I landa Hyptis suaveolens L. Paederia foetida L. Gardenia gummifera L. Aristolochia indica L. Selaginella rupestris L. Coix lacryma – jobi L. Grewia hirsuta Vahl. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Andrographis echioides Nees. Dalbergia lanceolaria L. Triticum aestivum L. Syzygium aromaticum L. Limnanthemum cristatum Gris. Commiphora wightii L. Commiphora mukul Hook. Althea officianalis L. Juniperus communis L. Peganum harmala L. Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. Gardenia gummifera L. Colchicum luteum L. Euphorbia lingularia Roxb. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers. Smithia conferta SM. Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Lamiaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Aristolochiaceae Selagnellaceae Poaceae Teliaceae Boraginaceae Acanthaceae Papilionaceae Poaceae Myrtaceae Gentianaceae Burseraceae Burseraceae Malvaceae Pinaceae Zygophyllaceae Ericaceae Rubiaceae Liliaceae Euphorbiaceae Crasulaceae Papilionaceae Rhamnaceae Leaves W.plant Resin W.plant

Whole P W.plant

Whole P

Whole P

Whole P Bark Grains

Dried flo W.plant

Whole P Latex

Whole P Cones

Leaves, s Leaves Fruits W.plant

Whole pl Leaves

Whole pl

Leaves, b

17 381. 382. 383. 384. 385. 386. 387. 388. 389. 390. 391. 392. 393. 394. 395. 396. 397. 398. 399. 400. 401. 402. 403. 404. 405. I landa pazham I langam I langi I lave I lavin pasa I layimmel thai I lippa I lippa poovu I lli I- nth I- ra I- ra kkathira I- ran pana I sda goal I spa khal I- swara mu- li I- swara mulla I- tha I- tha ppana I- thil pana I- tt.i I- tta I-cha pidiyan Iiviral Ikan.a Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Cinnamomum verum Presl. Mimosops elengi L. Bombax ceiba L. Bombax ceiba L. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Cycas circinalis L. Ochlandra Rheedei Gamb. Vernonia arborea Ham. Caryota urens L. Plantago ovata Forst. Plantago ovata Forst. Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia indica L. Phoenix dactylifera L. Phoenix dactylifera L. Cycas circinalis L. Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. Ochlandra Rheedei Gamb. Drosera peltata Linn. Schefflera stellata L. Toona ciliata Roem. Rhamnaceae Lauraceae Sapotaceae Bombacaceae Bombacaceae Crasulaceae Sapotaceae Sapotaceae Poaceae Cycadaceae Poaceae Asteraceae Arecaceae Plantaginaceae Plantaginaceae Aristolochiaceae Aristolochiaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Cycadaceae Papilionaceae Poaceae Droceraceae Araliaceae Meliaceae Fruits

Bark, oil

Bark, flrs

Whole pl Cell sap Leaves

Bark, hea

Bark, hea

Whole pl

Whole pl

Stem, roo

Whole pl

Bud, leav Seeds Seeds

Whole pl

Whole pl Fruits Fruits

Whole pl Wood

Stem, roo

Whole pl

Roots, B

Bark, flrs

18 406. 407. 408. 409. 410. 411. 412. 413. 414. 415. 416. 417. 418. 419. 420. 421. 422. 423. 424. 425. 426. 427. 428. 429. Indrani Inja I-nja Inji Injipullu I-rapullu Iratt.a nambia- -rvattum Iravi Irin-il Irippa Iru mullu Irul Irumban puli Iruv-eli Iruvil It. ana It.ampiri valampiri It.avakam It.ichakka It.ithil Ithil Itthi Itthi kanni Itthikanni Vitex negundo L. Acacia caesia W. & A. Acacia caesia W. & A. Zingiber officinale Roxb. Cymbopogon citrates D C. Typha elephantine L. Tabernamontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Garcinia morella Desr. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Averrhoa carambola L. Plectranthus vettiveroides Lour. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Cinamomum inermis L. Helicteres isora L. Malaxis muscifera Lindl. Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb. Commiphora wightii L. Loranthus longiflorus L. Ficus microcarpa L. Loranthus falcatus Linn. f. Dendropththae falcata L. Verbenaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Zingiberaceae Poaceae Typaceae Apocynaceae Clusiaceae Alangiaceae Sapotaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Oxallidaceae Lamiaceae Papilionaceae Lauraceae Sterculiaceae Orchidaceae Moraceae Burseraceae Loranthaceae Moraceae Loranthaceae Lorantaceae

Leaves,R Bark Bark

Rhizome

Whole pl

Whole P

Roots, la Fruits

Roots, Fr

Bark, hea

Roots, le

Roots, le

Leaves, f

Whole pl

Roots, le Bark

Whole pl Swollen Fruits

Roots, le Leaves .

Bark, lea

Whole pl

Whole P

19 430. 431. 432. 433. 434. 435. 436. 437. 438. 439. 440. 441. 442. 443. 444. 445. 446. 447. 448. 449. 450. 451. 452. 453. 454. Itthiyal Iyya-mpullu Ja- thi pathri Ja- thikka Ja- thikka maram Jada-ma-msi Jada-ma-nji Jala thippalli Jamandhi Ja-thi Je- rakam Je- vakam Je- vanthi Jupha Ka-njeram Ka -chil Ka- kka palunk Ka- kka thondi Ka- kka thudali Ka- li ppana Ka- na kavug Ka- nthal Ka- ppi Ka- r thotti Ka- ra chulli Ficus microcarpa L. Typha angustata B. & Ch. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Nardostachys grandiflora DC. Nardostachys grandiflora DC. Phyla nodiflora L. Chrysanthemum indicum L. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Cuminum cyminum L. Malaxis acuminata D.Don. Leptadenia reticulata L. Hissopus officianalis L. Strchynose nux-vomica L. Dioscorea alata L. Coix lacryma-jobi L. Trichosanthus tricuspidata L. Toddalia asiatica L. Caryota urens L. Areca dioksoni L. Gloriosa superba L. Coffea arabica L. Hugonia mystax L. Catunaregum spinosa L Moraceae Typhaceae Myristicaceae Myristicaceae Myristicaceae Valerianaceae Valerianaceae Verbenaceae Asteraceae Myristicaceae Apiaceae Orchidaceae Asclepiadaceae Lamiaceae Loganiaceae Dioscoriaceae Poaceae Cucurbitaceae Rutaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Liliaceae Rubiaceae Linaceae Rubiaceae Bark,

Whole pl

Seeds, ar

Seeds, ar

Seeds, ar

Rhizome

Rhizome Fruits Flowers

Seeds, ar Fruits Swollen Roots

Whole P Seeds Tubers

Roots, se

Whole pl

Whole pl

Cell sap, Fruits

Rhizome Seeds Roots

Bark, fru

20 455. 456. 457. 458. 459. 460. 461. 462. 463. 464. 465. 466. 467. 468. 469. 470. 471. 472. 473. 474. 475. 476. 477. 478. 479. Ka ra mullu Ka- rakil Ka- ratt (Carrot) Ka- ri lavu Ka- rko-kil Ka- rko-kilari Ka- ru ve-ppu Ka t.amaram Ka- th Ka- tt.amaruth Ka- tt.arakk Ka- tt.u che- ru Ka- tt.u cheera Ka- tt.u cherupayar Ka- tt.u chura Ka- tt.u go-thamp Ka- tt.u ja- thi Ka- tt.u jeerakam Ka- tt.u kadukka Ka- tt.u kalinjan Ka- tt.u kanakambaram Ka- tt.u kasthu-ri Ka- tt.u kurumulak Ka- tt.u majal Ka- tt.u mallika
-

Canthium parviflorum Lam. Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. Daucus carota L. Crotalaria retusa L. Psoralea corylifolia L. Psoralea corylifolia L. Garuga pinnata Roxb. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Acacia catechu L. Tinospora malabarica Lam. Crotalaria juncea L. Holigarna arnotiana L Amaranthus viridis L. Vigna pilosa Baker. Lagenaria siceraria L. Coix lacryma – jobi L. Myristica malabarica Lam. Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Terminalia travancorensis W &Arn. Garunga pinnata Roxb. Crosandra unduliformis L. Abelmoschus moschatus L. Piper brachystachyum Wall. Curcuma aromatica Salis. Jasminum angustifolium L.

Rubiaceae Thymeleaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Burseraceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Menispermaceae Papilionaceae Anacardiaceae Amaranthaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Poaceae Myristicaceae Asteraceae Combretaceae Burserace Acanthaceae Malvaceae Piperaceae Zingiberaceae Oleaceae

Roots Wood

Roots, se

Whole pl Seeds Seeds

Whole pl

Bark, Se Bark Stem

Whole pl Fruits

Whole pl Roots

Whole pl

Roots, se

Seeds, ar Fruits Fruits

Whole pl

Whole pl Fruits

Roots, Fr

Rhizome

Roots, le

21 480. 481. 482. 483. 484. 485. 486. 487. 488. 489. 490. 491. 492. 493. 494. 495. 496. 497. 498. 499. 500. 501. 502. 503. Ka- tt.u mulak Ka- tt.u mulla Ka- tt.u mundiri Ka- tt.u munja Ka- tt.u muthira Ka- tt.u n-arinnil Ka- tt.u pado-lam Ka- tt.u paruthi Ka- tt.u payar Ka- tt.u peeram Ka- tt.u peranda Ka- tt.u pi- chil (var) Ka- tt.u pu- varas Ka- tt.u punna Ka- tt.u tha- li Ka- tt.u thritha-v Ka- tt.u thulasi Ka- tt.u thumba Ka- tt.u va- zha Ka- tt.u vellari Ka- tt.u vellari (small) Ka- tt.u zhunnu Ka- tt.ulli Ka- tt.uthippalli Piper brachystachyum Wall. Jasminum angustifolium L. Annona reticulata L. Premna corymbosa Rottl. Cassia absus L. Pedalium murex L. Trichosanthus lobata Roxb. Gossipium arborium L. Vigna pilosa Baker. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Cayratia carnosa Wall. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Hibiscus cannabinus L. Calophyllum elatum L. Ipomoea muricata Jacq. Ocimum americanum L. Ocimum americanum L. Trichodesma indica L. Musa superba L. Citrullus colocynthus L. Cucumis trigonus L Teramnus labialis Spreng. / Vigna radiatus L. Urginea indica Kanth. Piper longum L. Piperaceae Oleaceae Anonaceae Verbenaceae Caesalpinaceae Pedaliaceae Cucurbitaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Vitaceae Cucurbitaceae Malvaceae Clusiaceae Convolvulaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Boraginaceae Musaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Papilionaceae Liliaceae Piperaceae

Roots, Fr

Roots, le Fruits

Roots, le Seeds

Whole pl

Whole pl Leaves Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl Bark

Whole pl

Leaves, s

Leaves, s

Whole pl Fruits

Roots, fr

Roots, fr

Roots, se Bulb

Dried spi

22 504. 505. 506. 507. 508. 509. 510. 511. 512. 513. 514. 515. 516. 517. 518. 519. 520. 521. 522. 523. 524. 525. 526. 527. 528. Ka tt.uvellari (Big) Ka- tta-di maram Ka- ttu. Ramathulasi Ka- vu-th Ka- yal ppoov Ka- yam Ka- yam (var) Ka- ya-mbu Kacho-lam Kacho-ram Kachu-ri Kadali pu-ve Kadali va-zha Ka-dallari Kai na-ri Kaippa Kaippan ko-va Kaippan pado-lam Kaippan ve-ppu Kaitha Kaitha chakka Kaiyya-lapuliyan Ka-kana-ssini Kakari Ka-kka panicha
-

Citrullus colocynthus L. Casurina equisetifolia L. Ocimum americanum L. Dioscoria alata L. Euryale ferox L. Ferula asafoetida L. Ferula northax L. Mimyxylon edule L. Kaempferia galanga L Kaempferia galanga L Kaempferia galanga L Osbeckia triquatrum L. Musa paradisiaca L. Homonnia riparia Lour. Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f. Mormodica charantia L. Coccinia grandis L. Trichosanthes lobata Roxb. Azadirachta indica Juss. Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f. Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f. Begonia malabarica Lam. Capparis sepiaria L. Cucumis sativus L. Diospyros tomentosa Roxb.

Cucurbitaceae Casurinaceae Lamiaceae Dioscoriaceae Euryataceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Melastomaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Melastomaceae Musaceae Euphorbiaceae Pandanaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Meliaceae Pandanaceae Pandanaceae Begoniaceae Capparidaceae Cucurbitaceae Ebnaceae

Roots Seeds

Leaves, s Tubers Fruits Resin Resin Flowers

Leaves, r

Leaves, r

Leaves, r

Whole pl

Stem, fru

Roots, le

Root, lea

Whole pl

Roots, le

Whole pl

W. Plant

Root, lea

Root, lea

WholePl

Whole P

Whole P Leaves

23 529. 530. 531. 532. 533. 534. 535. 536. 537. 538. 539. 540. 541. 542. 543. 544. 545. 546. 547. 548. 549. 550. 551. 552. 553. Ka kka pu ve Ka-kkamullu Ka-kkapalunk Ka-kkappo-la Kakkarica (var) Ka-kkathondi Kakkumka-ya Ka-koli Kal kandam Kal pa-sam Kal payil Kal pine Kal pu- ve Kal tha-mara Kalas Kalla-l Kallaraya-l Kalli Kalli chet.i Kallithi (var) Kallithi (var) Kallithi (var) Kallu rukki Kallu ruvi Kallu va- zha
-

Torenea fourneri L Pedalium murex L. Coix lacryma- jobi L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Cucumis melo L. Capparis sepiaria L. Enteda scandens L. Fritillaria roylei Hook. Saccharum officianarum L. Parmelia perlata Huds. Dipterocarpus alatus Gartn. Dipterocarpus alatus Gartn. Parmelia perlata Huds. Nervilia aragoana Gartn. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Ficus arnotiana L. Ficus arnotiana L. Euphorbia lingularia Roxb. Euphorbia nerifolia L. Ficus amplissima J.E.Sm Ficus banjamina L. Ficus lacor Buch & Ham Scoparia dulsis L. Ammania baccifera L. Musa superba L.

Scrophulariaceae Pedaliaceae Poaceae Pontederiaceae Cucurbitaceae Capparidaceae Mimosoideae Liliaceae Poaceae Parmeliaceae Dipterocarpaceae Dipterocarpaceae Parmeliaceae Orchidaceae Anacardiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Scrophulariaceae Lythraceae Musaceae

Whole

Whole P

Roots,Se

Whole P

Fruits, se

Whole P Seeds Bulb Stem W.plant Gum Resin

Whole pl Leaves

Bark, lea Bark Bark

Wholepl Latex

Bark, Le

Bark, Le

Bark, Le

Whole pl

Whole pl Fruits

24 554. 555. 556. 557. 558. 559. 560. 561. 562. 563. 564. 565. 566. 567. 568. 569. 570. 571. 572. 573. 574. 575. 576. 577. Kallu r vanchi Kalluruki (var) Kallya-n.a sougathigam Kalpine (var) Kambili mo-ss Kammalpo-ve Kammathi Kammatt.i Kampi ppa-la Kampi ppa-la Kamuk Kamung Kana ka-mbaram Kana ve-rum Kanda ka-ra Kanda ka-ri chunda Kandaka- ri varzuthanga Kandalachet.i Kandan kathiri Kande-ra Kani konna Kanja- v Kanjan kora Kannam pott.i
-

Rotula aquatica Lour. Pouzolzia zeylanica L. Hedychium coronarium L. Dipterocarpus tubinatus Gartn. Citrus decumana L. Tithonia diversifolia L. Amischophacelus axillaris L. Jatropha curcus L. Euphorbia thiukalli L. Euphorbia tirukalli L. Areca catechu L. Areca catechu L. Barleria prionites L. Nerium oleander L. Canthium parviflorum Lam. Solanum surattense Burn f. Solanum surattense Burn f. Agave Americana L. Argemon mexicana L. Ranunculus scleratus L. Cassia fistula L. Cannabis sativa L. Canscora decussata Roxb. Jatropha gossipifolia L.

Boraginaceae Urticaceae Zingiberaceae Dipterocarpaceae Rutaceae Asteraceae Commelinaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Acanthaceae Apocynaceae Rubiaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Liliaceae Papavaraceae Ranunculaceae Caesalpinaceae Cannabinaceae Gentianaceae Euphorbiaceae

Whole

Whole P

Rhizome

Bark, Ol Fruits

Whole P

Whole P

Leaves, s

Whole pl

Latex, ba Fruits Fruits Roots

Whole pl

Roots, le

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole P

Whole pl

Whole P

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

25 578. 579. 580. 581. 582. 583. 584. 585. 586. 587. 588. 589. 590. 591. 592. 593. 594. 595. 596. 597. 598. 599. 600. 601. 602. Kanna mthali Kann-i ku-rka Kanni ku-rka (var) Kanpott.i Ka-ntha-ri mulak Kapila Kappa Kappa chakka Kappal mulaku Kappa mulak Kappa parangi Kappa thumba Ka-ppuvila Ka-ra Kara veerum Karalakam Karalayam Kara-mbu Karanda Karandavalli Karappu Karas Karayam Karaya-mbu (var) Karaya-mbu
-

Exacum bicolour L Plectranthus ambonicus Lour. Plectranthus vettiveroides Lour. Symplocos cochinchinensis Lour. Capsicum frutescens L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Annanas comosus L. Capsicum annum L. Capsicum frutescens L. Capsicum frutescens L. Alhagi camelorum Fisch. Catheranthes pusillus D.Don Canthium parviflorum Lam. Nerium oleander L. Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia indica L. Sysygium aromaticum L. Carrisa carandas L. Aristolochia indica L. Papaver somniferum L. Lannea coromandelica, Vahl. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq. Sysygium aromaticum L.

Gentianaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Symplocaceae Solanaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Bromeliaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Fabaceae Apocynaceae Rubiaceae Apocynaceae Aristolochiaceae Aristolochiaceae Myrtaceae Apocynaceae Aristolochiaceae Papavaraceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Onangraceae Myrtaceae

Whole Leaves Leaves Bark Fruits Hairs of Tubers

Leaves, f Fruits Fruits Fruits

Whole P

Whole P

Roots,Le

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl

Dried flo

Roots, fr

Roots,Le

Petal, fru

Leaves, f

Bark, lea

Whole P

Dried flo

26 603. 604. 605. 606. 607. 608. 609. 610. 611. 612. 613. 614. 615. 616. 617. 618. 619. 620. 621. 622. 623. 624. 625. 626. 627. Kare ra Kareeram Kari bba-yal Kari bolam Kari cheera Kari kka-yam Kari maruth Kari mulli Kari mullu Kari va-ka Kari ve-lam Kari ve-ppu Karikkolla Karim bbana Karim je- rakam Karim kat.uk Karim kurinji Karim ku-valam Karim n-otta Karim thakka-li Karim thumba Karim thumba (var) Karimaruth Karimb Karimbo-lam (var)
-

Capparis decidua Forsk. Capparis decidua Forsk. Ceratophyllum demersum L. Trapa natans L. Portulaca oleracea L. Ferula asafoetida L. Termanalia crenulata Roth. Capparis decidua Forsk. Capparis decidua Forsk. Albizia odoratissima L. Acacia nilotica L. Murrya koenigii L. Cassia absus L. Borassus flabellifer L. Nigella sativa L. Brassica oleratia L. Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Samadera indica Gartn. Solanum nigram L. Anisomeles malabarica L. Adenosma capitata L. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Saccharum officianarum L. Trapa bispinosa Roxb.

Capparidaceae Capparidaceae Ceratophyllaceae Trapaceae Portulacaceae Apiaceae Combretaceae Capparidaceae Capparidaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Rutaceae Caesalpiniaceae Arecaceae Ranunculaceae Cruciferae Acanthaceae Pontederiaceae Simarubaceae Solanaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Combretacea Poaceae Trapaceae

Whole

Roots, fr

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl Resin Bark

Roots, fr

Roots, fr Bark Bark

Root, bar

Leaves, s

Whole pl Seeds

Leaves, s

Whole pl

Whole pl

Bark, wo

Bark, wo

Whole pl

Whole pl Bark Stem

Whole P

27 628. 629. 630. 631. 632. 633. 634. 635. 636. 637. 638. 639. 640. 641. 642. 643. 644. 645. 646. 647. 648. 649. 650. 651. 652. Karimje rakam Karimn-otta Karimuringa Karimuthanga Karinga-li Karive-ppilakkurigi Kariyalanji Karkat.aka srunki Karkata sranki Karmathi Karmu-s Karni ka- ram Karpo-rachet. i Karpu-ra Karpu-ra thulasi Karpu-ra cyprus Karpu-ram Karpu-ramaram Ka-rthotti Karu no’chi Karu va-ka Karu ve-lam Karu ve-ppu Karuka Karuka ppullu
-

Carum curvi L. Samadera indica Gartn. Moringa pteryge L Cyperus rotundus L Acacia catechu L. Cosmostigma racemosa L. Smilax zeylanica L. Pistacia chinensis Richt. Acacia nilotica L. Carica papaya L Carica papaya L Pterospermum acerifolium L. Artemisia nilagirica L. Dryobalanops camphora L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Juniperus communis L. Cinnamomum camphora L. Cinnamomum camphora L. Hugonia mystax L. Vitex negundo L. Albizia odoratissima L. Acacia nilotica L. Murrya koenigii L. Cynodon dactylon L. Cynodon dactylon L.

Apiaceae Simarubaceae Moringaceae Cyperiaceae Mimosoideae Asclepiadaceae Liliaceae Anacardiaceae Mimosoideae Caricaceae Caricaceae Sterculiaceae Compositae Dipterocarpaceae Lamiaceae Coniferae Lauraceae Lauraceae Linaceae Verbenaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Rutaceae Poaceae Poaceae

Fruits

Bark, wo Bark

Tuberous

Heart wo Leaves Roots

Leaf gall Bark

Fruits, la

Fruits, la Flrs. Flowers Wood Leaves

Cones,Re Bark Wood Roots

Whole pl Bark Bark

Root, ste

Whole pl

Whole pl

28 653. 654. 655. 656. 657. 658. 659. 660. 661. 662. 663. 664. 665. 666. 667. 668. 669. 670. 671. 672. 673. 674. 675. 676. Karuppa kkodi Karutha amalpori Karutha a-mbal Karutha ka-ttutulassi Karutha kudakappala Karutha manikanjakam Karutha thrikolpa konna Karutha thritha-v Karuthacheruthulass i Karuthummam Karuva Kasa kasa Kase- ruka Kashmir pe-zh Ka-si thumba Kassabu-l Kasthu-ri manjaal Kasthu-ri venda Kasu ma-v Kat.a chakka Kat.a ppila-v Kat.al thenga Kat.ala Kat.ala- vanak Naravelia zeylanica L. Rauwolfia tetraphylla L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Ocimum gratissimum L. Wrightia tomentosa Roem. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Marsdenia tenacissima W & A. Ocimum tenuifolium L. Ocimum americanum L. Datura metel L Cinnamomum verum Presl. Papaver somniferum L. Cyprus grossus L. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Impatiens balsamina L. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Curcuma aromatica Salis. Abelmoschus moschatus L. Anacardium occidentale L. Artocarpus communis Forst. Artocarpus communis Forst. Lodoicea maldivica Poir. Cicer arietinum L. Jatropha curcus L. Ranunculaceae Apocynaceae Pontederiaceae Lamiaceae Apocynaceae Lamiaceae Asclepiadaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaeae Solanaceae Lauraceae Papavaraceae Cyperaceae Boraginaceae Balsaminae Boraginaceae Zingiberaceae Malvaceae Anacardiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Araceae Papilionaceae Euphorbiaceae

Whole

Whole P

Root stoc

Whole P Bark

Whole pl Stem

Whole pl

Whole P Leaves

Bark, oil

Petal, fru

Rhizome

Whole P

Whole P

Whole P

Rhizome Fruit Seeds

Latex, Le Latex

Husk, en Seeds

Leaves, s

29 677. 678. 679. 680. 681. 682. 683. 684. 685. 686. 687. 688. 689. 690. 691. 692. 693. 694. 695. 696. 697. 698. 699. 700. 701. Kat.alasupu-ve Kat.ala-t.i Kat.ampu Kat.asam Ka-t.t.a tthi Kat.u rohini Kat.uk Kat.ukka Kat.uku rhohin.i Kat.urohini Kat.bhalam Kathiri Ka-tt. -van.ak Ka-tt.inji Ka-tt.u karaya-mbu Ka-tta mari Ka-tta ppa Katta-r va-zha Ka-ttaya mo- dakam Ka-ttu ka-chil (var) Ka-ttu kavung Ka-ttu kodi Ka-ttu nellu Ka-ttu rhohini Ka-ttucheera Bougainvillea spectabilis L. Achyranthus aspera L . Anthocephalus cadamba L. Millingtonia hortensis L. Ficus arnotiana L. Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora L. Brassica juncea L. Terminalia chebula Retz. Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora L. Pichrorhiza kurrou Royle. Myristica nagi Thumb. Cucumis sativus L. Jatropha curcus L. Zingiber zeramber L. Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq. Tephrosia purpurea L. Ageratum conyzoides L. Aloe barbadensis Mill. Chenopodium ambrosiodes L. Dioscoria sativa L. Pinanga dicksonii L. Cocculus hirsutus L. Oryza malapuzhensis L. Helleborus niger L. Amaranthus viridis L. Nyctaginaceae Amaranthaceae Rubiaceae Bignoniaceae Moraceae Scrophulariaceae Cruciferae Combretaceae Scrophulariaceae Scrophulariaceae Myristicaceae Cucurbitaceae Euphorbiaceae Zingiberaceae Onangraceae Papilionaceae Asteraceae Liliaceae Chenopodiaceae Dioscoriaceae Arecaceae Menispermaceae Poaceae Ranunculaceae Amaranthaceae Roots

Whole pl

Bark, lea Bark Bark

Dried rhi Seeds Seeds

Dried rhi

Whole P Fruits

Whole P

Leaves, s

Rhizome Fruits

Whole pl Leaves Leaves Seeds Bulb Fruits

Whole pl Grains Roots

Whole P

30 702. 703. 704. 705. 706. 707. 708. 709. 710. 711. 712. 713. 714. 715. 716. 717. 718. 719. 720. 721. 722. 723. 724. 725. Ka-ttuche-mb Ka-ttuche-na Ka-ttuche-na Ka-ttuka-chil Ka-ttukadali Ka-ttukadukka Ka-ttuka-ppi Ka-ttuku-va Ka-ttulanda Ka-ttu mulak (var) Ka-ttumuringa Ka-ttu muthira Ka-ttu niru-ri Ka-ttupayar (var) Ka-ttupi- chil (var) Ka-ttupi- chil (var) Ka-ttu pokala Ka-ttu pu-chet.i Ka-ttu thritha- v Ka-ttu thritha-ve (var) Ka-ttu thumbi Ka-ttuzhunnu Kavungu Ka-ya-v Colocasia esculenta L. Amorphophallus sylvastricus L. Arisaema tortuosum L. Dioscorea bulbifera L. Osbeckia aspera Blume Terminalia travancorensis W&A Diplospora sphaerocarpa Hook. Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. Zizyphus rugosa L. Piper retrofactum Vahl. Moringa pteryge L Atylosia scarabaleoides L. Brynia rhamnoides Muell. Phaseolus trilobus L. Luffa aegyptica Mill. Luffa leucantha Buch. Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth. Lantana camara var. aculeate L. Ocimum gratissimum L. Orthosiphon thymiflorus L. Lagenaria leucantha Duch. Atylosia goensis L. Areca catechu L. Linum usitassimum L. Araceae Araceae Araceae Dioscoriaceae Melastomaceae Combretaceae Rubiaceae Zingiberaceae Rhamnaceae Piperaceae Moringaceae Papilionaceae Euphorbiaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Lobeliaceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Cucurbitaceae Papilionaceae Arecaceae Linaceae Corm Corms Corm

Fruits, R

Whole P Fruits Seeds

Rhizome Fruits Fruits Bark

Whole P

Bark,Lea

WholePl

WholePl

WholePl

Seeds, L

Whole P

WholePl Leaves

WholePl

Whole P Seeds

Flrs, seed

31 726. 727. 728. 729. 730. 731. 732. 733. 734. 735. 736. 737. 738. 739. 740. 741. 742. 743. 744. 745. 746. 747. 748. 749. 750. Kayyo nni Kayyula Kayyunni Kazhanji Kazhi muthanga Ke-saram Khaju-ra Khara pushpa Ki- zha- nelli Ki- zha-r nelli Kili thi-ni ppanji Kilu kiluppa (var) Kilu kiluppa Kiriya-th Kirutha- nelli Kizhuka- nelli Kizhuka-m thumba Kla-v Ko- la shimbi Chandipayar Ko- va Ko- val Ko- zhi chi- ra Kochi ku- va Kodasa- ri Kokkam
-

Eclipta prostrata L. Helicteres isora L. Eclipta prostrata L. Caesalpinia bonduc L. Cyperus esculentus L. Crocus sativus L. Phoenix sylvestris L. Ocimum pilosum Benth. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Crotalaria retusa L. Crotalaria pallida L. Andrographis paniculata Vahl. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Trichodesma indica L. Carissa carandas L. Canavelia gladiata Jacq. Coccinia grandis L. Coccinia grandis L. Celosia cristata L. Maranda arundinaceae L. Cassia hirsuta L. Garcinia indica L.

Astraceae Sterculiaceae Astraceae Caesalpinaceae Cyperaceae Iridaceae Arecaceae Lamiaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Celastraceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Acanthaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Boraginaceae Apocynaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Amaranthaceae Marandaceae Caesalpiniaceae Clusiaceae

Whole

Fruits,Ro

Whole pl

Wholepl Tubers

Dried sti Fruits

Whole P W.Plant W.Plant

Seeds, oi W.Plant

Whole P W.Plant W.Plant W.Plant W.Plant

Roots, fr Seeds

Roots, le

Roots, le W.plant

Rhizome Seeds Fruits

32 751. 752. 753. 754. 755. 756. 757. 758. 759. 760. 761. 762. 763. 764. 765. 766. 767. 768. 769. 770. 771. 772. 773. 774. 775. Kokku mantha ram Koko (Cocao) Ko-l puli Ko-la Ko-la shimbi Ko-la varavalli Kolla ka-ya Kolli kizhag Kong Kongini Kongu mantha-ram Konna Koppa- la Ko-ra Korandi Koratta Korukka ppuli Kot.a ppuli Kot.akka ppuli Kot.i kozhijil Kot.i nn-ali Kot.i thuvva Kot.u thuvva Kot.u ve-li Kotha malli
-

Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Teobroma cacao L. Tamarindus indicus L. Cola acuminata B.Schott. Canavelia gladiata Jacq. Merremia umbellate L. Anamirta coculus L. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Bauhinia variegata L. Lanthana camara var. aculeate L. Bauhinia variegata L. Cassia fistula L. Palaquinum ellipticum Engler. Eleusine coracana L. Salacia reticulata Wight. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Hassk. Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Tephrosia purpurea L. Piper betele L. Tragia involucrata L. Tragia involucrata L. Plumbago indica L. Coriandrum sativum L.

Caesalpiniaceae Sterculiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Sterculiaceae Papilionaceae Convolvulaceae Menispermaceae Euphorbiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Verbenaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Sapotaceae Poaceae Salvadoraceae Myrtaceae Mimosoideae Clusiacaeae Clusiacaeae Papilionaceae Piperaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Plumbaginaceae Apiaceae

Bark, Fruits

Roots, le

Cell sap, Seeds

Leaves, S

Stem, fru Tubers

Fruit, bar

WholePl

Fruit, bar W.plant

Guttaper Grain

Bark, lea Fruits

WholePl Fruits Fruits W.plant W.plant

Roots, le

Roots, le Roots

Fruits, le

33 776. 777. 778. 779. 780. 781. 782. 783. 784. 785. 786. 787. 788. 789. 790. 791. 792. 793. 794. 795. 796. 797. 798. 799. 800. Kotha mara Kotha vara Kotha vara (var) Kothambba-la Kothambba-lari Ko-thamp Kott.a ppayar Kott.am Kotta- ssa- ri Kottamullu Ko-vibha- ram Ko-vibha- ram (var) Ko-vibha- ram (var) Koyya Kozhijil Ko-zhi mu-nja (var) Kozhuppa Kozhuppa (var) Kozhuppa chi-ra Kozhuppa kki- ra Kozhuva Kra-li Krimi sathru Krishna bi-jam Krishna kra-nthi Cyanopsis tetragonoloba L. Cyamopsis psoralioides DC. Cyanopsis tetragonoloba L. Coriandrum sativum L. Coriandrum sativum L. Triticum aestivum L. Vigna unguiculata L. Saussurea lappa C.B.Clark. Apama siliqusa Lamk. Zizyphus xylophyrus Retz. Bauhinia purpurea L Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Bauhinia variegata L Psidium gaujava L. Tephrosia purpurea L. Clerodendron multiflorum L. Portulaca oleracea L. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Portulaca oleracea L. Portulaca oleracea L. Tephrosia purpurea L. Dodonaea viscosa L. Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Ipoemea nil L. Evolvulus alsinoides L. Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Astraceae Aristolochiaceae Rhamnaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Myrtaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Portulacaceae Boraginaceae Portulacaceae Portulacaceae Papilionaceae Anacardiaceae Astraceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Pods

Fruits, Se Pods

Fruits, le

Fruits, le Grain Seeds Roots

Roots,Le

Fruits, B

Bark,See

Bark,See

Bark,See

Roots, le W.plant Leaves

Stem, lea Leaves

Stem, lea

Stem, lea W.plant

Bark, lea Fruits

W. Plant

W. Plant

34 801. 802. 803. 804. 805. 806. 807. 808. 809. 810. 811. 812. 813. 814. 815. 816. 817. 818. 819. 820. 821. 822. 823. 824. 825. Krishna sariba Krishna thulassi Krishnabhi-ja Krishnakiri-dam Kshe-ra ka-koli Kshe-ra vidwa- ri Kshe-thra kadali Kshe-thra parpat.i Kshi-ra ka- ko-li Kshudra pathra Kshudra pathram Kshudra pathram Ku- la kam Ku- mulle Ku- mullu Ku- n Ku- ra madak Ku- rka Ku- valam Ku- vva Kudagappa-la Kuina Kuina Kukkuram Kukura vrusham Cryptolepis buchanani L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Ipomoea hedracea Jacq. Clerodendron inerme Gaertn Fritillaria roylei Hook. Ipomoea palmata L. Musa paradisiaca L. Fumaria parviflora Lam. Lillium polyphyllum D.Don Orthosiphon pallidus L. Orthosiphon pallidus L. Orthosiphon pallidus L. Aegle marmelos L. Caealpinia mimosoides Lamk. Wagatia spicata L. Agaricus compestris L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Coleus parviflora L. Aegle marmelos L. Maranta aruntinacea L. Holarrhena pubescens L. Cinchona officianalis L. Cinchona officianalis L. Blumea lacera DC. Blumea lacera DC. Asclepiadaceae Lamiaceae Convolvulaceae Verbenaeae Liliaceae Convolvulaceae Musaceae Fumariaceae Liliaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Rutaceae Caesalpiniacee Caesalpiniaceae Agaricaceae Euphorbiaceae Lamiaceae Rutaceae Marantaceae Apocynaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Astraceae Astraceae Leaves

W. Pl

WholePl Roots W.plant Tubers Fruits

Whole P Bulb Leaves Leaves Leaves

Root, lea

WholePl W.plant W.plant Husk of Tubers

Root, lea

Rhizome

Bark,See Bark Bark W.Plant W.Plant

35 826. 827. 828. 829. 830. 831. 832. 833. 834. 835. 836. 837. 838. 839. 840. 841. 842. 843. 844. 845. 846. 847. 848. 849. 850. Kulakko zhi thandu Kulava-zha Kulir che-mbu Kumayu-n O-kke Kumbalam (var) Kumbalam (var) Kumbekala Kumble Kumil Kumkuma kalli Kumkuma pu -v Kumkumam Ku-nanppa-la Kundu rukam Kunni Kunni va-ka Kuppa mani Kuppa manjal Kuppa me-ni Kura ssa-ni Kuramaruth Kuramulle Kurangu manjal Kuri-chulli Kuri-l
-

Costus speciosus L. Eichhornia crassipes Mart. Toona ciliata Roem. Quercus incana Roxb. Benincasa cerifera L. Benincasa hispida L. Sisygium irio L. Gmelina arborea Roxb. Gmelina arborea Roxb. Plumeria rubra Burm f. Crocus sativus L. Crocus sativus L. Tabernaemontana dichotoma Roxb. Boswellia serata Roch. Abrus precatorius L. Albizia odoratissima L. Acalypha indica L. Bixa orellana L. Acalypha indica L. Hyoscyamus niger L. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Caealpinia mimosoides Lamk. Bixa orellana L. Cosmostigma racemosa L. Connarus monocarpus L.

Zingiberaceae Pontederiaceae Meliaceae Cupuligerae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Myrtaceae Verbenaceae Verbenaceae Apocynaceae Iridaceae Iridaceae Apocynaceae Burseraceae Papilionaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Bixaceae Euphorbiaceae Solanaceae Combretaceae Caesalpiniacee Bixaceae Asclepiadaceae Connaraceae

Leave Flowers

Bark, flrs

Periderm Fruits Fruits

Bark, Se W.plant W.plant

Bark, lea

Dried sti

Dried sti

Roots, B

Bark, gu W.plant Bark W.plant

Root, bar W.plant

Leaves, s Bark

WholePl

Roots, ba Leaves Fruits

36 851. 852. 853. 854. 855. 856. 857. 858. 859. 860. 861. 862. 863. 864. 865. 866. 867. 868. 869. 870. 871. 872. 873. 874. 875. Kuriji Kuri-l (var) Kuru mulak Kuru pparuthi Kurukuthi mulla Kurum tho-tt.i Kurutt.u pa-val Kuruvi kkizhag Kuruvikkizhag Kuruvilla kkat.uka Kusa Kusa ve-ru Kut.a mulla Kut.a ppuli Kut.agal Kut.aja zhuk Kut.aka ppa-la Kut.aka ppa-layari Kut.akan Kut.al churukki Kut.appana Kutt.a Nambia- r vattam Kutt.i ppa-nal Kuttippa-nal Kuttiyavanak Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees. Uvaria narum Wall. Piper nigram L. Gossipium herbaceum L. Jasminum multiflorum Burm f. Sida rhombifolia L. Mormodica dioica L. Melothria heterophylla L. Saccharum spontaneum L. Terminania chebula Retz. Saccharum spontaneum L. Saccharum spontaneum L. Jasminum sambac L. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Centella asiatica L. Leea indica Burmf. Holarrhena pubescens L. Holarrhena pubescens L. Centella asiatica L. Spermacoce hispida L. Corypha umbraculifera L. Tabernamontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Glycosmis arborea DC. Glycosmis pentaphylla L. Croton sparciflorus L. Acanthaceae Annonaceae Piperaceae Malvaceae Oleaceae Malvaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Poaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Poaceae Oleaceae Clusiaceae Apiaceae Leeaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Apiaceae Rubiaceae Arecaceae Apocynaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Euphorbiaceae

Roots

Roots, le Fruits W.plant

Leaves, f W.plant W.plant Leaves Stem Fruits Roots Roots

Roots, fl Fruits W.plant

Roots, le

Bark, see Seeds W.plant W.plant Buds

Root, lea W.plant

Leaves, B Cell sap

37 876. 877. 878. 879. 880. 881. 882. 883. 884. 885. 886. 887. 888. 889. 890. 891. 892. 893. 894. 895. 896. 897. 898. 899. 900. Kuyamb Kuyimb Kuzhinakha ppa-la Lantha (var) Lichi Lichi (var) Ma- msa rho-hini Ma- n jiyam Mada girive-mb Madanapo-ve Madhavi Madhu- kka Madhu na-sini Madhura cho-lam Madhura kkizhag Madhura na-ranga Madhurachi-ra Magga maram Maha- me-da Mahishaksha gulgulu Mai la-nchi Majjana Makka cho-lam Makki ppu-v Makkippu-ve (var) Carthamus tinctoria L. Carthamus tinctoria L. Ervatamia coronaria L. Ziziphus sativa Gartn. Lichi chinensis L. Litsea chinensis Lamk. Somimida febrifuga A.Juss. Acacia mangium L. Toona ciliata Roxb. Catunaregum spinosa L. Hiptage bengalensis L. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Gymnema sylvestre R.B. Acer sachara L. Ipomoea batatas L. Citrus reticulata L. Sauropus androguinus L. Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Polygonatum verticillatum L. Commiohora mukul Hook. Lawsonia inermis L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Zea mays L. Artemisia nilagirica L. Artemisia fragrance L. Astraceae Astraceae Apocynaceae Rhamnaceae Sapindaceae Lauraceae Meliaceae Mimosoideae Meliaceae Rubiaceae Malpigiaceae Sapotaceae Asclepiadaceae Chenopodiaceae Convolvulaceae Rutaceae Euphorbiaceae Oleaceae Liliaceae Burseraceae Lythraceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae W.plant W.plant Latex Fruits W.plant

Whole pl

Whole pl Wood

Bark, flrs

Thorns,R

W.plant

Bark, Fru

W.plant. Seeds Tubers Fruits Leaves

Root, bar

Root stoc Resin

Roots, le Husk of Grains Leaves

Whole P

38 901. 902. 903. 904. 905. 906. 907. 908. 909. 910. 911. 912. 913. 914. 915. 916. 917. 918. 919. 920. 921. 922. 923. 924. 925. Makkippu-ve (var) Makkippu-ve (var) Makkippu-ve (var) Mala incha Mala maravatt.i Mala thangi Mala ve-ppu Mala yuka maram Malam bla-s Malam ka-ra Malam kat.ala Malam kat.amp Malam ppunna Malambba vatta Malampayatta Malamva-la parathi Malankka-ra Malar Mala ukamaram Malave-nga Malayakathi Mala yakrutt. Malaya mothi Malaya mukki Malayikam chamba Artemisia martima L. Artemisia strenyvaleia L. Artemisia vulgaris L. Acacia pennata Willd. Hydnocarpus alpina L. Cissampelos pariera L. Melia azadirachta L. Juglans regia L. Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Catunaregum spinosa L. Pisum sativum L. Haldinia cordifolia Roxb. Calophyllum inophyllum L. Caseoria tomentosa L. Casearia esculenta Roxb. Aclisia secundiflora Bl. Randia dumeforum Lam. Oryza sativa L. Juglans regia L. Melia azadirachta L. Bauhinia variegata L. Aleurites molucana L. Pavetta indica L. Clitoria ternatea L. Syzygium jambos L. Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Mimosoideae Flacourtiaceae Menispermaceae Meliaceae Juglandaceae Oleaceae Rutaceae Papilionaceae Rubiaceae Clusiaceae Flacourtiaceae Flacourtiaceae Commelinaceae Rubiaceae Poaceae Juglandaceae Meliaceae Caesalpiniaceae Juglandaceae Rubiaceae Papilionaceae Myrtaceae

Whole P

Whole P

Whole P

Fibrous b

Seed Oil W.plant W.plant Fruits

Roots ba

Bark, fru Seeds

Roots, ba Bark Roots

Roots, L

Whole P Bark

Fried gra

Fruits, se W.plant Roots & Fruits Seeds W.plant

Bark, fru

39 926. 927. 928. 929. 930. 931. 932. 933. 934. 935. 936. 937. 938. 939. 940. 941. 942. 943. 944. 945. 946. 947. 948. 949. Malayinji Malli Ma-m bbuli Mame-ra Man ja-ti Man jatt.i Man tha-ram Manali Ma-nga na-ri Ma-nga yinji Mangutt.a ppayar Mani kanjakam Mani maruth Mani perandi Manichi-ra Manikku-va Manila ka-ra Manja kanaka-baram Manja kanjunni Manja kkadamp Manja kkayyo-nni Manja kkurimozhi Manja kku-va Manja mantha-ram Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. Coriandrum sativum L. Spondias pinnata L. Talictrum foliolosum DC. Adenanthera pavonia L. Rubia cordifolia L. Bauhinia variegata L. Indigofera aspalathoides L. Limnophylla aromatica L. Curcuma amada Roxb. Phaseolus aconitifolius L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Lagerstomia flos-reginae L. Leea indica Burm f. Amaranthus viridis L. Curcuma oligantha L. Mimosops kauki L. Barleria pri-onites L. Wedelia chinensis Merril. Haldina cordifolia Roxb. Wedelia chinensis Merril. Jasminum humile L. Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. Bauhinia variegata L. Zingiberaceae Apiaceae Anacardiaceae Ranunculaceae Mimosoideae Rubiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Papilionaceae Scrophulariaceae Zingiberaceae Papilionaceae Lamiaceae Lythraceae Leeaceae Amaanthaceae Zingiberaceae Sapotaceae Acanthaceae Asteraceae Rubiaceae Asteraceae Oleaceae Zingiberaceae Caesalpiniaceae

Rhizome

Leaves, s

Bark, see

Whole P W.plant Roots Leaves W.plant W.plant

Rhizome Seeds Leaves Bark.

Roots, le

Whole P

Rhizome Seeds Roots W.plant

Bark, flrs W.plant

Leaves, f

Rhizome

Roots ba

40 950. 951. 952. 953. 954. 955. 956. 957. 958. 959. 960. 961. 962. 963. 964. 965. 966. 967. 968. 969. 970. 971. 972. 973. 974. Manja mullangi Manja ppa-vitta Manja thakka-li Manja kkadambu Manja kka-nda Manja ko-lambi Manjal Manjamula Manji Mano- ranjini Mantha- ram (var) Mantha-ram (var) Mara che-ni Mara kkozhunnu Mara manjal Mara ppuli Mara vatti Mara va-zha Maral Mara manjal Ma-ra-n che-mbu Maro-tt.i Maru kkunni Maru kut.ari Maru thut.ari Daucus carota L. Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith Solanum nigram L. Adina cordifolia Hook. Dracaena ternifolia L. Allaanda cathartica L. Curcuma longa L. Bamboosa vulgaris L. Nardostachys grandiflora DC. Artabotrys hexapetalus R.Br Bauhinia variegata L. Bauhinia purpurea L. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Majorana hortensis Moch. Coscinium fenestratum Gartn. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Vanda roxburghii L. Sansevieria roxburghiana. Schult. Berberis aristata L. Alocasia indica L. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Argyreia nervosa Burn f. Argyreia nervosa Burn f. Argyreia nervosa Burn f. Apiaceae Rubiaceae Solanaceae Rubiaceae Liliaceae Apocynaceae Zingiberaceae Poaceae Valerianaceae Anonaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Euphorbiaceae Lamiaceae Menispermaceae Clusiaceae Flacourtiaceae Orchidaceae Liliaceae Berbedaraceae Araceae Flacourtiaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae

Roots

Roots, le W.plant

Rubiacea Roots Roots

Rhizome

Seeds, R

Rhizome Leaves

Whole P

Whole P Tubers W.plant Stem Fruits

Seeds, oi

W.plant Leaves Bark

Rhizome

Seeds, oi Roots Roots Roots

41 975. 976. 977. 978. 979. 980. 981. 982. 983. 984. 985. 986. 987. 988. 989. 990. 991. 992. 993. 994. 995. 996. 997. 998. 999. Maruth Maruva Ma-si pathri Ma-sikka Mat.a thakka-li Ma-thala na-rakam Ma-thala na-ranga Ma-thalam Matthan Mathil ppanna Mathru kha-thini Matt.i Ma-v Ma-veithil Ma-ya kkam Ma-yak Mayi llellu Mayila-dum shikha Mayilo- shika Mayilo-shika (var) Mayu-ra shika Mazha maram Mazhu ka-ngiram Mazu-ri pparippu Me-dha Lagerstomia speciosa L. Marsdenia tenacissima W & A. Artimisia nilagirica L. Quercus infectoria L. Solanum nigram L. Punica granatum L. Punica granatum L. Punica granatum L. Cucurbita maxima Lam. Drynaria quercifolia L. Crotalaria retusa L. Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Mangifera indica L. Helicanthes elastica L. Hibiscus cannabinus L. Quercus infectoria L. Vitex ultissima L Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd. Celosia argentea L. Celosia argentia L. Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd. Entrolobium saman L. Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Ervum lens L. Polygonatum verticillatum L. Lythraceae Asclepiadaceae Asteraceae Fagaceae Solanaceae Punicaceae Punicaceae Punicaceae Cucurbitaceae Polypodiaceae Papilionaceae Simarubaceae Anacardiaceae Loranthaceae Malvaceae Fagaceae Verbenaceae Polypodiaceae Amaranthaceae Amaranthaceae Polypodiaceae Mimosoideae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Liliaceae Bark. Roots Leaves Galls

Roots, Fr

Fruits, ba

Fruits, ba

Fruits, ba

Fruits, se

Rhizome

W.plant Bark.

Bark, see Leaves Flowers Galls Bark W.plant W.plant Seeds W.plant Bark

Bark, wo Seeds

Root stoc

42 1000. 1001. 1002. 1003. 1004. 1005. 1006. 1007. 1008. 1009. 1010. 1011. 1012. 1013. 1014. 1015. 1016. 1017. 1018. 1019. 1020. 1021. 1022. 1023. 1024. Me khala ppullu Me-mthonni Me-n dho-nni Mi-ra Mi-ra (var) Mi- nanga-ni Mi-nanga-ni vishesham Mo-dakam Momgo sti- n Mo-thirakanni Mott.a kruse Muchu kundam Mu-dillatha-li Mukka- pi-ram Mukka-l pi-ram Mukkannan pere-a Mukkannan peruk Mukkannan pe-zhu Mukka-ppiri Mukku-tt. i Mul kiri-tam Mul muruk Mul ppulanji Mula Mula (var)
-

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Gloriosa superba L. Gloriosa superba L. Commiphora myrrha L. Balsamodendron myrrha L Alternanthera sessilis L. Alternanthera sessilis L. Fagrea ceilanica Thumb. Garcinia mangostiana L. Huginia mystax L. Brassica oleraceae L. Pterospermum canescens Roxb. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Mukia madraspatana L. Mukia madraspatana L. Allophyllus seratus Roxb. Allophyllus seratus Roxb. Allophyllus seratus Roxb. Mukia madraspatana L. Biophytum sensitivum L. Euphorbia splendens L. Erythrina variegata J.E.Smith. Fluggia leucopyrus L. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Ochlandra Rheedii Gamb.

Poaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Burseraceae Burseraceae Amaranthaceae Amaranthaceae Loganiaceae Clusiaceae Linaceae Cruciferae Sterculiaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Sapindaceae Sapindaceae Sapindaceae Cucurbitaceae Oxallidaceae Euphorbiaceae Papilionaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Poaceae

Roots

Rhizome

Rhizome Resin Resin W.plant W.plant

Leaves, R Fruits Roots Leaves

Heart wo

Whole pl W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant

W. Plant

Roots, le

W. Plant W.plant Roots

43 1025. 1026. 1027. 1028. 1029. 1030. 1031. 1032. 1033. 1034. 1035. 1036. 1037. 1038. 1039. 1040. 1041. 1042. 1043. 1044. 1045. 1046. 1047. 1048. 1049. Mula karpu ram Mula kkallu Mulak Mulaku thakka-li Mulaku tha-li Mulaku tha-nni Mulam kku-mbu Mulamplash Mulappu mararuth Mulayari Mulberry Mu-le-ri Mulkkizhag Mulla Mulla katthi Mullan vellari Mullangi Mullanppazham Mullen chi-ra Mullilam Mullilav Mullulla katta Mundakam Mundiri Mu-nga- pezhu
-

Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Capsicum annum L. Solanum nigram L. Toddalia asiatica L. Toddalia asiatica L. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Ficus cordifoli L. Shorea robusta Gartn. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Morus alba L. Smilax china L. Dioscoria sativa L. Jasminum sambac L. Sebania bispinosa Jacq. Cucumis sativus L. Rhaphanus sativus L. Ziziphus oenoplea L Amaranthus spinosus L. Xanthoxyllum retza DC. Bombax ceiba L. Flacourtia indica L. Jambosa mundagam Gamble. Vitis venifera L. Buchanania lanzan Spreng.

Poaceae Poaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Poaceae Moraceae Dipterocarpaceae Poaceae Moraceae Liliaceae Dioscoriaceae Oleaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Brassicaceae Rhamnaceae Amaranthaceae Rutaceae Bombacaceae Flacourtiaceae Myrtaceae Vitaceae Anacardiaceae

W.pla W.plant Fruits W.plant W.plant W.plant Buds Bark Bark Grains

Roots, le

Rhizome Bulb Roots

Seeds, ba

Whole pl

Roots, le

Roots, Fr

W. Plant Fruits

W. Plant

W. Plant Bark

W.plant,

Roots, le

44 1050. 1051. 1052. 1053. 1054. 1055. 1056. 1057. 1058. 1059. 1060. 1061. 1062. 1063. 1064. 1065. 1066. 1067. 1068. 1069. 1070. 1071. 1072. 1073. 1074. Munja Munja ppullu Mupparan ppullu Mural Mu-ral maram Muri ku-tti Muri pparuthi Murikko-tti Muriko-tti (var) Muringa Muriyan pacha Muruk Murva Musa-nda Mushkaka vrusham Musli Musli(var) Mut.iye- ndra ppacha Muthakk Muthala kkizhagu Muthalaka-nda Mutthanga Mutthil Muthira Muthuk Premna corymbosa Rottl. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Typha angustata L. Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. Gossipium arboreum L. Zornia gibbosa L. Zornia diphylla L. Moringa oleifera Lam. Ageratum conyzoides L. Erythrina variegata J.E.Smith. Clematis gouriana Roch. Musaenda frondosa L. Schrebera swieteniodes Roxb. Asparagus adscedens Roxb. Chlorophytum tuberosum L. Synedrella nodiflora L. Modecca palmata Lam. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Adenia palmata L. Cyperus rotundus L. Centella asiatica L. Macrotyloma uniflorum L. Pueraria tuberosa DC. Verbenaceae Poaceae Typhaceae Anacardiaceae Verbenaceae Crassulaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Moringaceae Asteraceae Papilionaceae Ranunculaceae Rubiaceae Oleaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Asteraceae Passifloraceae Convolvulaceae Passifloraceae Cyperaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae

Roots

Roots, st W.plant

Roots, le Bark

W. Plant Leaves Root Root

Root, bar

Roots, le

Roots, le

W. Plant Leaves

Roots, ba

Root tub Roots Leaves Roots

Tuberous Roots Tubers W.plant Seeds Roots

45 1075. 1076. 1077. 1078. 1079. 1080. 1081. 1082. 1083. 1084. 1085. 1086. 1087. 1088. 1089. 1090. 1091. 1092. 1093. 1094. 1095. 1096. 1097. 1098. 1099. Mutta ppazham Muttatu-ri Muttha-ri Mu-vila Muyal chevi N -aeng N -ama N- ankku N- azhak Nongana ppullu Na- kha mallika Na- nge (var) Na-ga chambakam Na-ga dandi Na-ga ke-saram Na-ga mallika Na-ga mulla Na-ga pu -v Na-ga tha-li Na-ga thumbi Na-gabala Na-gadandi (var) Na-gaka-ra Na-gake-sara (var) Na-i karimb Laccuma nervosa L. Baccaurea courtallensis M.Arg. Eleusine coracana L. Pseudarthria viscida L. Emilia sonchifolia L. Leea indica Burm.f. Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Leea indica Burm.f. Leea indica Burm.f. Hedyotis herbacea L. Acacia sinuata Lour. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Mesua ferrea L. Jasminum arborescens L. Rhinacanthus nasuta L. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Ruta chalepensis L. Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. Sida veronicaefolia Lam. Croton oblongifolius Roxb. Elaeocarpus tuberculatus L. Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth. Saccharum spontaneum L. Sapotaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Asteraceae Leeaceae Combretaceae Leeaceae Leeaceae Rubiaceae Mimosoideae Clusiaceae Clusiaceae Euphorbiaceae Clusiaceae Oleaceae Acanthaceae Clusiaceae Rutaceae Asclepiadaceae Malvaceae Euphorbiaceae Elaeocarpaceae Clusiaceae Poaceae Fruits Grains W.plant W.plant

Fruits

Roots, le

Bark, wo

Roots, le

Roots, le W.plant Pods

Flowers,

Flowers, W.plant

Flowers, Leaves W.plant

Flowers, W.plant W.plant

Whole P

Whole P

Leaes, Fr

Whole P Roots

46 1100. 1101. 1102. 1103. 1104. 1105. 1106. 1107. 1108. 1109. 1110. 1111. 1112. 1113. 1114. 1115. 1116. 1117. 1118. 1119. 1120. 1121. 1122. 1123. 1124. Na i karimbu Na-i kurana Na-ikorana Na-ikumbil Na-ivela Nakshathramulla Nakshatra mulla(syn.) Na-like-ram Na-lkolpa konna Nallaka-ra Nallamulak N-allu Na-lumani chedi Na-muka ppullu Nanche Nandya-r vartham Nandya-r vattam Na-nge Nanjaruppan N-ankan.a Nanna-ri N-arala vally Naranam puli Nari kumbalanga Nari venka-yam
-

Saccharum spontanium L. Mucuna pruriens L. Mucuna pruriens L. Callicarpa tomentosa L. Cleome viscosa L. Ipomoea quamoclit L. Quamoclit pinnata L. Cocos nucifera L. Operculina turpethum L. Elaeocarpus seratus L. Piper nigram L. Leea indica Burm.f. Mirabilis jalapa L. Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd. Croton tiglium L. Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Mesua ferrea L. Tylophora tenuis L. Saccharum spontaneum L. Hemidesmus indicus L. Vitis pallida L. Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Benincasa hispida L. Urginea indica Kanth.

Poaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Capparidaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Palmae Convolvulaceae Elaeocarpaceae Piperaceae Leeaceae Nyctaginaceae Polypodiaceae Euphorbiaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Cluiaceae Asclepiadaceae Poaceae Asclepiadaceae Vitaceae Malvaceae Cucurbitaceae Liliaceae

Roots

Roots, se

Roots, se

Roots,Le W.plant Leaves W.plant

Infloresc W.plant

Leaes, Fr

Roots, Se

Roots, le W.plant W.plant

Seeds,Ba

W. Plant

W. Plant

Roots,Ba Roots

Roots, st Roots W.plant

Roots, le Fruits

W. Plant

47 1125. 1126. 1127. 1128. 1129. 1130. 1131. 1132. 1133. 1134. 1135. 1136. 1137. 1138. 1139. 1140. 1141. 1142. 1143. 1144. 1145. 1146. 1147. 1148. N-arra Naru nendi Naru ni-ndi Naru vari Naru viri Narum ba-nal Narum bbassa Narum channa Narumbbassa maram Na-ttathi vitayam Na-ttubatha-m N-aval Navara nellu N-azhal N-azhal (var) Ne- rmuthanga Neikumbalam Nel ppana Ne-lakoduve-li Ne-lave-la Ne-layamari Nelli maram Nelli va-ka Nellikka Syzygium cumini L. Hemidesmus indicus L. Hemidesmus indicus L. Cordia dichotoma Forst. Cordia dichotoma Forst. Uvaria narum Wall. Commiphora myrrha L. Costus speciosus L. Commiphora myrrha L. Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Terminalia catappa L. Syzygium cumini L. Oryza sativa L. Aglaia roxburgiana L. Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. Scirpus grossus L. Benincasa hispida L. Curculigo orchioides Gartn. Plumbago carpensis L. Cleome retrosperma L. Indigofera tinctoria L. Phyllanthus emblica L. Albizia odoratissima L. Phyllanthus emblica L. Myrtaceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadaceae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Anonaceae Burseraceae Zingiberaceae Burseraceae Ranunculaceae Combretaceae Myrtaceae Poaceae Meliaceae Verbenaceae Cyperaceae Cucurbitaeae Amaryllidaceae Plumbaginaceae Capparidaceae Papilionaeae Euphorbiaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae

Bark, see Roots Roots

Bark, lea

Bark, lea

Roots, le Gum

Rhozome Gum Roots Seeds

Bark, see Grains Flowers

Flowers,

Rhizome Fruits

Root stoc Roots

Whole P Leaves Fruits Bark Fruits

48 1149. 1150. 1151. 1152. 1153. 1154. 1155. 1156. 1157. 1158. 1159. 1160. 1161. 1162. 1163. 1164. 1165. 1166. 1167. 1168. 1169. 1170. 1171. 1172. 1173. Nellu Ne-lo-lpalam Nenmeni va-ka N-erin-il (substitute) N-erinja-m puli N-erinjil Ne-rvatti N-etta-val N-etta-vil Nei chi- ra Neithal Neithal kkizhag Neiyyunni Neiyyuruni Ni- la kola-mbi Nila kat.ala Ni-la mari Ni-la- mbal Nila na-rakam Nila ppa-la Nila ppana Nila tha-mara Ni-la tha-mara Nilam paranda Nilappa-la (var) Oryza sativa L. Monochoria hastaefolia L. Albizia lebbeck L. Osmanthus fragrans L Solena amplexicaulis Lam. Tribulus terrestris L. Dipterocarps turbinatus Gartn. Holoptelea integrifolia Roch. Holoptelea integrifolia Roch. Beeta vulgaris L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Limnanthemum cristatum Gris. Diplocyclos pamatus L. Diplocyclos palmatus L. Thumbergia grandiflora L. Arachis hypogaea L. Indigofera tinctoria L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Naregamia alata Wright &Arn. Euphorbia thymifolia L. Curculigo orchioides Gartn. Nervelia aragona Gartn. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Desmodium triflorum L. Grangrea madraspatana L. Poaceae Pontederiaceae Mimosoideae Oleaceae Cucurbitaceae Zygophyllaceae Dipterocaraceae Ulmaceae Ulmaceae Chenopodiaceae Pontederiaceae Gentianaceae Cucurbitaeae Cucurbitaceae Acanthaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Pontederiaceae Meliaceae Euphorbiaceae Amaryllidaceae Orchidaceae Pontederiaceae Papilonaceae Aseraceae Grains

Whole P Bark Oil Roots W.plant

Oleoresin

Bark, lea

Bark, lea

Tap root, W.plant Roots Leaves W.plant W.plant Seeds W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant Roots W.plant W.plant W.plant

Whole P

49 1174. 1175. 1176. 1177. 1178. 1179. 1180. 1181. 1182. 1183. 1184. 1185. 1186. 1187. 1188. 1189. 1190. 1191. 1192. 1193. 1194. 1195. 1196. 1197. 1198. Nila ve- ppu Ni-r bhrami Ni-r kadamb Ni-r maruth Ni-r ma-thalam Ni-r mulli Ni-r nelli Ni-r pe-zhu Ni-r ppola Ni-r thippalli Ni-r thotta- vadi Ni-r va- lam Ni-r vallippullu Ni-r vanchi Ni-r vatta Ni-r ve-si Ni-ra lam Ni-ra-ral Ni-rat.i muthu Ni-ratti Ni-rmel nerippu Ni-roli Ni-ru-ri Ni-rval Nirvallipu-ve Andrographis paniculata Vahl. Bacopa monnieri L. Mitragyna parvifolia Roxb. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Crataeva magna Lour. Hygrophila auriculata. Schum. Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Pistia stratiotes L. Phyla nodiflora L. Neptunia oleracea L. Croton tiglium L. Hygroryza aristata Retz. Homonoia riparia Lour. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Delphinium denudatum Wall. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Marsilea quadrifolia L. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Ammania bacifera L. Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. Crataeva magna Lour. Hygrorhiza aristata Retz. Acanthaceae Scrophulariaceae Rubiaceae Combretaceae Capparidaceae Acanthaceae Mimosoideae Barringtoniaceae Araceae Verbenaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Euphorbiaceae Flacourtiaceae Ranunculaceae Flacourtiaceae Marsiliaceae Euphorbiaceae Flacourtiaceae Lythraceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Capparidaceae Poacae W.plant W.plant

Root, bar Bark W.plant W.plant W.plant Bark W.plant W.plant W.plant Seeds

Roots, se

Roots, le

Seeds, oi Roots

Seeds, oi W.plant W.plant

Seeds, oi W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant

Whole P

50 1199. 1200. 1201. 1202. 1203. 1204. 1205. 1206. 1207. 1208. 1209. 1210. 1211. 1212. 1213. 1214. 1215. 1216. 1217. 1218. 1219. 1220. 1221. 1222. 1223. Nirvasi Nirvisa Nisa- gandhi Nithya kallya-ni Nithya vazhuthana Ni-tti thotta-vadi Nochi N-odijotta N-oganamppullu N-otta-n n-odiyan N-rin-ampuli (var) Nu-l paruthi O-da O-da maram O-da yenna O-dal Odiya maram O-kke Oli ba-nam Olive maram O-mam O-rila O-rila (small) O-rila tha-mara O-rilathamara (var) Delphinium denudatum Wall. Delphinium denudatum Wall. Epiphyllum oxypetalum L. Catheranthus roseus L. Calonyction muricatum G.Don. Neptunia oleracea L. Vitex trifolia L. Physalis minima L. Phragmites kirka Trin. Physalis minima L. Rheum emodi Wall. Gossipium herbaceum L. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Quercus incana Roxb. Boswellia serrata Roxb. Olea europia L. Carum copticum Benth. Desmodium gangeticum DC. Uraria picta DeSr. Nervelia aragoana Gartn. Viola odorata L. Ranunculaceae Ranunculaceae Cactaceae Apocynaceae Convolvulaceae Mimosoideae Verbenaceae Solanaceae Poaceae Solanaceae Polygonaceae Malvaceae Icancinaceae Icancinaceae Icancinaceae Icancinaceae Anacardiaceae Fagaceae Burseraceae Oleaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae Papilioaceae Orchidaceae Violaceae Roots

Whole P

Whole P W.plant Seeds W.plant

Roots, le W.plant Roots W.plant Seeds W.plant

Bark, lea

Bark, lea Oil

Bark, lea

Bark, lea

Periderm Resin

Bark, oil Seeds Roots

Whole P

Whole pl

Whole P

51 1224. 1225. 1226. 1227. 1228. 1229. 1230. 1231. 1232. 1233. 1234. 1235. 1236. 1237. 1238. 1239. 1240. 1241. 1242. 1243. 1244. 1245. 1246. 1247. 1248. Orukal n-ondi O-t.amaram (var) O-t.amaram (var) Otha valam Othalam Ottaka mullu Ottakachet.i Pa- cho-tti Pacha chi-ra Pacha manjal Pacha mulak Pa-chendi Pachila Padar cchunda Pa-ksha-n.a bhe-di Pakshi pa- thalam Pa-l kka-yam Pa-l muthuk Pa-l nirvassi Pa-l valli Pa-la Pa-la kki-ra Palaka ppayya-na Palaka ppayya-ni Pa-luzhavam Perstrophe bicalyculata L. Balanites aegeptica L. Balanites roxburghii L. Cerbera odallam Gaertn. Cerbera odallam Gaertn. Alhagi camelorum Fisch. Alhagi camelorum Fisch. Symplocos cochinchinensis Lour. Amarantus gangeticus L. Curcuma longa L. Capsicum annum L. Palaquinm ellipticum Engler Cinnamomum tamala L. Cassia mimosoides L. Bergenia ligulata L. Dracaena ternifolia L. Ferula asafoetida L. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Kyllinga nemoralis Fort. Ichnocarpus frutescens L. Alstonia scholaris L. Tamarix articulata Vahl. Oroxylum indicum L. Oroxylum indicum L. Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Acanthaceae Simarubaceae Simarubaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Papilioaceae Papilioaceae Symplocaceae Amaranthaceae Zingiberaceae Solanaceae Sapotaceae Lauraceae Caesalpinaceae Saxifragaceae Liliaceae Apiaceae Convolvulaceae Cyperaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Tamaricaceae Bignoniaceae Bignoniaceae Celastraceae

Whole pl Fruits Fruits

Leaves, f

Leaves, f

Whole P

Whole P

Roots, le W.plant

Rhizome Fruits

Guttaper Leaves

Whole P Bark Roots Resin

Tuberous Tubers Roots

Bark, lea W.plant

Roots, le

Roots, le

Bark, lea

52 1249. 1250. 1251. 1252. 1253. 1254. 1255. 1256. 1257. 1258. 1259. 1260. 1261. 1262. 1263. 1264. 1265. 1266. 1267. 1268. 1269. 1270. 1271. 1272. 1273. Pa-n.al (var) Pana Pana cha Pana chakam Pana viral Panachi (var) Pa-nal Panchasa-ra Pani chi Pani ku-rka Pani ni-r Pani ni-rpu- v Panikkizhag Panikko-rka (var) Panin ji Panji maram Panji pparuthi Panna kkizhag Panni muringa Papara ppuli Pappa-li Pappa-ya Pa-r valli Pa-ra ppan-i Pa-rakam Glycosmis pentaphylla L. Borassus flabellifer L. Diospyros malabarica L. Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Borassus flabellifer L. Diospyros peregrina L. Glycosmis arborea DC. Saccharum officinarum L. Diospyros malabarica L. Coleus aromaticus Lour. Rosa centifolia L. Rosa centifolia L. Dioscoria sativa L. Coleus amboinicus Lour. Diospyros malabarica L. Ceiba pentandra L. Gossipium herbaceum L. Drynaria quercifolia L. Casearia esculenta Roxb. Adensonia digitata L. Carica papaya L. Carica papaya L. Ichnocarpus frutescens L. Cochlospermum religiosum L. Ficus hispida L. Rutaceae Arecaceae Ebnaceae Malvaceae Arecaceae Ebnaceae Rutaceae Poaceae Ebnaceae Lamiaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Dioscoriaceae Lamiaceae Ebnaceae Bombacaceae Malvaceae Polypodiaceae Flacourtiaceae Bombacaceae Caricaceae Caricaceae Apocynaceae Cochlospermacea e Moraceae W.plant

Infloresc

Bark, lea

Roots, le

Infloresc

Fruits, B W.plant Juice

Bark, lea Leaves

Roots, le Flowers Bulb Leaves

Bark, lea

Root, bar W.plant

Rhizome

Roots,Le

W. Plant

Fruits, la

Fruits, la Roots Bark.

Roots, le

53 1274. 1275. 1276. 1277. 1278. 1279. 1280. 1281. 1282. 1283. 1284. 1285. 1286. 1287. 1288. 1289. 1290. 1291. 1292. 1293. 1294. 1295. 1296. 1297. 1298. Paranda valli Parangi ma-v Parangi mulak Pa-rasikaya va-ni Pari ja-tham Paricha kam Parppataka ppullu Parppatakam Paruka Paruka bhalam Parushakam Parushakam (var) Paruthi Paruva maram Paruvakkot.i Pasa kkotta Pasaliche-ra Passion fruit Pa-ssipa-dam Pasu pa- si Pat.a valanga Pat.athipullu Pat.avalam Pat.o-lam Pat.u karana Entada scandens L. Anacardium occidentale L. Capscicum frutescens L. Hyoscyamus niger L. Citharexylum subseratum L. Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Hedyotis corymbosa L. Hedyotis corymbosa L. Streblus asper Lour. Phoenix pusilla Gartn. Grewia asiatica L Grewia populifolia L Gossipium herbaceum L. Streblus asper Lour. Pothos scandens L. Sapindus laurifolius Vahl. Trianthema portulacastrum L. Passiflora edulis L. Dracaena ternifolia L. Myristica malabarica Lam. Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Floscopa scandens Lour. Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Toona ciliata Roem. Mimosoideae Anacardiaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Verbenaceae Malvaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Moraceae Arecaceae Teliaceae Teliaceae Malvaceae Moraceae Araceae Sapindaceae Aizoaceae Passifloraceae Liliaceae Myristicaceae Cucurbitaceae Commelinaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Meliaceae Seeds

Seeds, ba Fruits

Roots, le Flowers

Roots, le W.plant W.plant

Bark,Lea Fruits Bark Bark

W. Plant

Roots& b Roots Fruits

Whole P

Fruit juic Roots

Seed, ari W.plant

Whole P W.plant W.plant

Bark, flrs

54 1299. 1300. 1301. 1302. 1303. 1304. 1305. 1306. 1307. 1308. 1309. 1310. 1311. 1312. 1313. 1314. 1315. 1316. 1317. 1318. 1319. 1320. 1321. 1322. Pa-ta kkizhag Pa-ta valli Pa-tha-la garudakkodi Pathi mukham Pathimuham (var) Pa-thiri Pa-thiri (var) Pathu mukam Patt.a-ni kkat.ala Patt.a-ni ppayar Patt.i punna Patt.unu-l puzhuchedi Pa-v Pa-val Pa-vatta Pavizha malli Payar Payigachulli Payya zhanda Pazhamoon pa-la Pazhamunni ppa- la Pe-chu-ra Pe-kku mmatt.i Pe-le Cyclea peltata Hook. Cyclea peltata Hook. Cocculus hirsutus L. Prunus cerasoides D.Don Prunus prudum Roxb. Stereosermum suaveolens L. Stereospermum colais Buch. Prunus cerasoides D.Don Pisum sativum L. Pisum sativum L. Dillinia pentagyna L. Morus alba L. Pavetta indica L. Mormodica charantia L. Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. Vigna unguiculata L. Acanthus illicifolius L. Oroxylum indicum L. Manilkara hexandra Roxb. Manilkara hexandra Roxb. Lagenaria siceraria L. Cucumis trigonus Roxb. Careya arborea Roxb. Menispermaceae Menispermaceae Menispermaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Bignoniaceae Bignoniaceae Rosaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Dilliniaceae Moraceae Rubiaceae Cucurbitaceae Rubiaceae Oleaceae Papilionaceae Acanthaceae Bignoniaceae Sapotaceae Sapotaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Barringtoniaceae

Roots, le

Roots, le

Roots, le

Heart wo

Heart wo Bark W.plant

Heart wo Seeds Seeds Bark

Roots,lea

Roots, le W.plant

Roots, le

Roots, le Seeds Roots

Roots, le

Bark, flrs

Bark, flrs W.plant W.plant

Bark, lea

55 1323. 1324. 1325. 1326. 1327. 1328. 1329. 1330. 1331. 1332. 1333. 1334. 1335. 1336. 1337. 1338. 1339. 1340. 1341. 1342. 1343. 1344. 1345. 1346. 1347. Pe-nari Pe-pado-lam Pe-ra Pe-ralam Pe-ra-lin vitave-ru Peranda Pe-raratha Peri Pe-ri tha Peri ye-lam Perin je-rakam Perive-lam Peru naruvari Peruk Perum chatt.ipayar Perum je-rakam Perum ka-yam Perum kla-v Perum kurumba Perum na-val Perum niru-ri Perum pe-ram Perum thut.ali Perumka-yam Pe-tharmani Acacia furnesiana Willd. Trichosanthes lobata Roxb. Psidium guajava L. Amomum subulatum Roxb. Ficus bengalensis L. Cissus quadrangularis L. Ophiorrhiza mungo L. Mesu ferrea L. Phoenix dactylifera L. Amomum subulatum Roxb. Foeniculam vulgare Mill. Clerodendron viscosum Vent. Cordia wallichi L. Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Mucuna monosperma DC. Foeniculm vulgare Mill. Ferula asafoetida L. Carissa carandas L. Chonemorpha fragrans L. Toona ciliata Roem. Breynia retusa Alston. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Ferula asafetida L. Helleborus niger L. Mimosoideae Cucurbitaceae Myrtaceae Zingiberaceae Moraceae Vitaceae Rubiaceae Clusiacae Arecaceae Zingiberaceae Apiaceae Verbenaceae Boraginaceae Verbenaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Meliaceae Euphorbiaceae Cucurbitaceae Rhamnaceae Apiaceae Ranunculaceae

Bark,Lea W.plant

Roots, le Seeds

Aerial ro W.plant W.plant

Roots ,B

Roots, le Seeds Fruits

Roots,Le

Bark, lea Leaves Seeds Fruits Resin

Roots, fr Roots

Bark, flo Cell sap

Fruits, se Fruits Resin Roots

56 1348. 1349. 1350. 1351. 1352. 1353. 1354. 1355. 1356. 1357. 1358. 1359. 1360. 1361. 1362. 1363. 1364. 1365. 1366. 1367. 1368. 1369. 1370. 1371. 1372. Pe-tt.u marunnu Pe-zh Pe-zu Pi- muthanga Pi- ve-lam Picchi Pi-ch Pichaka mulla Pichakam Pi-chil Pi-chil (var) Pi-chinga Pila-v Pillamaruth Pina-pple Pi-na-r valli Pi-na-ri Pinna-k Pinnam puli Pistha Pi-tha rohini Pithrumani kkizhag Pi-ve-lam Piyar Plaksa Anamirta cocculus L. Careya arborea Roxb. Careya arborea Roxb. Kyllinga nemoralis Fort. Acacia leucocephala Roxb. Jasminum grandiflorum L. Prunus persica L. Jasminum grandiflorum L. Jasminum grandiflorum L. Luffa acutangula L. Luffa echinata Roxb. Luffa acutangula L. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr. Zanonia indica L. Sterculia foetida L. Sesamum indicum L. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Pistacia vera L. Coptis teeta Wall. Coptis teeta Wall. Acacia furnesiana Willd. Prunus communis L. Ficus lacor Buch &Ham Menispermaceae Barringtoniaceae Barringtoniaceae Cyperaceae Mimosoideae Oleaceae Rosaceae Oleaceae Oleaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitceae Cucurbitaceae Moraceae Combretaceae Bromeliaceae Cucurbitaceae Sterculiaceae Pedaliaceae Clusiaceae Anacardiaceae Ranumculaceae Ranumculaceae Mimosoideae Rosaceae Moraceae

Leaves, f

Bark, lea

Bark, lea Tubers Bark. W.plant Fruits W.plant W.plant

Leaves, f Fruits

Leaves, f W.plant Bark Fruits

Leaves, f

Heart wo Oil cake Fruit Fruits W.plant W.plant

Bark,Lea Fruits Bark

57 1373. 1374. 1375. 1376. 1377. 1378. 1379. 1380. 1381. 1382. 1383. 1384. 1385. 1386. 1387. 1388. 1389. 1390. 1391. 1392. 1393. 1394. 1395. 1396. 1397. Pla-s Pla-v Plums Podina (var) Poi thalachi Pokala Polla Pon galam Pon karandi Pon kurandi Ponga llyam Pongu Ponna- vi-ram Ponnam kanni ke-ra Ponna-m valli Ponnan ga-ni Ponnarali Po-nnarali Ponna-ri vi-ram Ponnummath Pothina Pott.a kka-valam Pozhu thalachi Pra sa-rini Prayi thalachi Butea monosperma L. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Prunus domestica L. Mentha spicata L. Naravelia zeylanica L. Nicotiana tabacum L. Anamirta cocculus L. Dryptes roxburghii Wall. Salacia reticulata Wight. Salacia reticulata Wight. Pongamia pinnata L. Pongamia pinnata L. Cassia occidentalis L. Alternanthera sessilis L. Derris brevipes Baker. Alternanthera sessilis L. Thevetia peruviana L. Asclepias curassavica L. Cassia occidentalis L. Argemone mexicana L. Mentha spicata L. Sterculia foetida L. Naravelia zeylanica L. Merremia tridentata Burm f. Naravelia zeylanica L. Papilionaceae Moraceae Rosaceae Lamiaceae Ranunculaceae Solanaceae Menispermaceae Euphorbiaceae Hippocrataceae Hippocrataceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Caesalpiniaceae Amaranthaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Apocnaceae Asclepiadacee Caesalpiniaceae Papavaraceae Lamiaceae Sterculiaceae Ranunculaceae Convolvulaceae Ranunculaceae W.plant W.plant Fruits Leaves W.plant Leaves

Leaves, f

Leaves, s Roots Roots W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant

Whole P W.plant

Bark,Fru

Whole P W.plant W.plant Leaves

Heart wo W.plant W.plant W.plant

58 1398. 1399. 1400. 1401. 1402. 1403. 1404. 1405. 1406. 1407. 1408. 1409. 1410. 1411. 1412. 1413. 1414. 1415. 1416. 1417. 1418. 1419. 1420. 1421. 1422. Pri ya-lam Pu- kaitha Pu-cha ppazham Pu-cha va-lan Pu-chet.i Pudina (var) Pudina (var) Pudina (var) Pukayila Pu-la kkizhag Pu-la maram Puli Puli chuvat.i Puli va-ka Pulimaram Pulinakham Puliya na-thi Puliya-ral Pulla maruth Pulla-ndi Pulla-ni Pullat.i (var) Pu-maruth Punarnava Punja ppullu Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Pandanus odoratissimus Lin f. Passiflora foetida L. Acalypha hispida L. Lantana camara var. aculeate L. Mentha piperata L. Mentha sylvestris L. Mentha viridis L. Nicotiana tabacum L. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Bombax ceiba L. Tamarindus indicus L. Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. Albizia odoratissima L. Tamarindus indicus L Martynia annua L. Annona muricata L. Oxalis corniculata L. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Calycopteris floribunda L. Calycopteris floribunda L. Desmodium gangeticum DC. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Boerhaavia erecta L. Eleusine coracana L. Anacardiaceae Pandanaceae Passifloraceae Euphorbiaceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Solanaceae Euphorbiaceae Bombacaceae Caesalpiniaceae Convolvulaceae Mimosoideae Caesalpiniaceae Pedaliaceae Anonaceae Oxalidaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Combretaceae Nyctaginaceae Poaceae

Roots, le

Roots, le Fruit

W.plant.

Roots, L

Whole P

Whole P

Whole P Leaves

Tuberous W.plant Fruits

W.plant. Bark

Fruits, le

Leaves, F Fruits

W.plant. Bark

Leaves, f

Leaves, f Roots Bark

Whole P Grains

59 1423. 1424. 1425. 1426. 1427. 1428. 1429. 1430. 1431. 1432. 1433. 1434. 1435. 1436. 1437. 1438. 1439. 1440. 1441. 1442. 1443. 1444. 1445. 1446. 1447. Punna Punnya-va Pu-pa-thiri Pu-pparuthi Pushkara mu-lam Put.aya-v Pu-thi manathi Pu-thi yun.arthi Puthina Puthra ji-vi Putthilanji Putthiri chunda Puttil pi-ram Pu-va-m kurundal Pu-va-m kurun-ila Pu-va-m kurunnila Pu-varas Pu-vvam Puzha marani Puzha tha-li Puzha va-ni Puzhamulla Puzhu kkolli Puzhukolli Ra- ja malli Calophyllum inophyllum L. Aglaia roxburghiana L. Sterospermum colais Buch Thespesia populnea L. Inula racemosa Hook. Rhaphidophora laciniata Burn f. Sterculia foetida L. Sterculia foetida L. Mentha arvensis L. Drypetes roxburghii Wall. Drypetes roxburghii Wall. Solanum anguivi Lam. Luffa acutangula L. Vernonia cinerea L. Vernonia cinerea L. Vernonia cinerea L. Thespesia populnea L. Schleichera oleosa L. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Crinum asiaticum L. Homomoia riparia Lour. Clerodendron inerme Gaertn Rhinacanthus nasuta L. Rhinacanthus nastuta L. Caesalpinia pulcherima L. Clusiaceae Meliaceae Bignoniaceae Malvaceae Asteraceae Araceae Sterculiaceae Sterculiaceae Lamiaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Solanaceae Cucurbitaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Malvaceae Sapindaceae Combretaceae Amaryllidaceae Euphorbiaceae Verbenaceae Acanthaceae Acanthaceae Caesalpiniaceae

Bark, lea

W.plant. W.plant W.plant

W.plant. Stem

Heart wo

Heart wo Leaves

Leaves, s

Leaves, s Roots

Leaves, f W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant

Bark, see Bark Bulb Bark

Roots, L

W.plant.

Roots,Le Flowers

60 1448. 1449. 1450. 1451. 1452. 1453. 1454. 1455. 1456. 1457. 1458. 1459. 1460. 1461. 1462. 1463. 1464. 1465. 1466. 1467. 1468. 1469. 1470. 1471. 1472. Ra-kkila Raktha chandanam Ra-ma cham Ra-mana-mapacha Ra-mathulassi Rangu-n valli Ra-sberry Ra-sna Ra-sna Raso-na Ra-thri rani Rohi thuka Ro-sa Ro-sa ppu-v Rudhi Rudhi vrudhi Rudra- ksham Rudra-ksham (var) Rumi masthaki Sabarjelli Sahacharam Sa-khota vruksham Sa-la misri Sa-la vruksham Salabhapathri Blumea lacera DC. Pterocarpus santalinus Lin f. Vetiveria zizanoides L. Desmodium gyrans L. Ocimum basilicum L. Quisqualis indica L. Rubus idaeus L Alpinia calcarata L. Alpinia officianarum L. Allium ascalonicum L. Nyctanthus arbor-stris L. Tecoma undulata D.Don Rosa centifolia L. Rosa centifolia L. Habinaria edgeworthii Hook. Habinaria edgeworthii Hook. Elaeocarpus serrats L. Elaeocarpus sphaericus L. Pistacia lentiscus L. Prunus communis L. Strobilanthes ciliatus L. Strebulus asper Lour. Orchis latifolia L. Shorea robusta Gartn. Evolvlus pluricaulis L. Asteraceae Papilionaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Lamiaceae Combretaceae Rosaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Liliaceae Oleaceae Bignoniaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Orchidaceae Orchidaceae Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpaceae Anacardiaceae Rosaceae Acanthaceae Moraceae Orchidaceae Dipterocarpaceae Convolvulaceae

Roots, ba

Heart wo Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl Flowers Fruits

Rhizome

Rhizome Bulb W.plant Bark

Roots, le

Roots, le Tubers Tubers Seeds Seeds

Fruits Ba Fruits

Whole P

Bark, lea Tubers

Bark, res

Whole P

61 1473. 1474. 1475. 1476. 1477. 1478. 1479. 1480. 1481. 1482. 1483. 1484. 1485. 1486. 1487. 1488. 1489. 1490. 1491. 1492. 1493. 1494. 1495. 1496. 1497. Sa-lamaram Sam khini Sa-mba-r chi-ra Sambara ppullu Sa-mbra-ni Samudra phalam Samudra ppacha Sanku pushpam Sanku pushpi Sankum kuppi Sanni na-yakam Sappan gam Sar karakkizhag Sar karam Sara Saralam Sarppa ppo-la Sat.i Satha kuppa Satha- vali Satha- vari Sa-thala bhrammi Satha-p Sava kkotta ppacha Sava na-ri Shorea robusta Gartn. Clenolepis cerasiformis L. Talinum cuneifolium L. Cymbopogon martinii Roxb. Boswellia serrata Roxb. Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Argyreia nervosa Burm f. Clitoria ternatea L. Canscora deccusata Roxb. Clerodendron inerme Gaertn. Aloe barbadense Mill. Caesalpinia sapan L. Ipomoea batatas L. Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum munja Roxb. Pinus roxburghii L. Sanseviera Roxburghiana Schult. Hedychium spicatum Buch. Anethum graveolens L. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Acacia sinulata Lour. Ruta graveolens L. Vinca rosea L. Vinca rosea L. Dipterocarpaceae Cucurbitaceae Portulacaceae Poaceae Burseraceae Lecythradaceae Convolvulaceae Papilionaceae Gentianaceae Verbenaceae Liliaceae Caesalpiniaceae Convolvulaceae Poaceae Poaceae Pinaceae Liliaceae Zingiberaceae Apiaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Mimosoideae Rutaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Bark. Fruits W.plant W.plant

Bark, gu W.plant Roots

Roots, Fl W.plant

Roots, le Cell sap

Heart wo Tubers Roots Roots

Wood, o Leaves

Rhizome Fruits Roots Roots Pods Leaves

Roots, le

Roots, le

62 1498. 1499. 1500. 1501. 1502. 1503. 1504. 1505. 1506. 1507. 1508. 1509. 1510. 1511. 1512. 1513. 1514. 1515. 1516. 1517. 1518. 1519. 1520. 1521. 1522. Sava-laulli Shangupushpi Shi-ma athi Shi-ma kkonna Shi-ma pla-v Shimsapa Shiva lingakka-ya Shiva mu-li Shiva na Shiva valli Shivakranthi Shivalingi Shivo-li kkoti Shya-litha Si- sam Sikka-ka Sitha- bhalam Sitha- ppazham Sitha-m bal Si-tha-mb Si-tha-mbu Sithu-ri Sniktha ji-rakam So-ma latha So-mana- thika-yam Allium cepa L. Evolvulus alsinoides L. Ficus carica L. Glyricidium maculata L. Artocarpus communis Forst. Amhertsia nobilis L. Diplocyclos palmatus L. Cannabis sativa L. Operculina turpethum L. Diplocyclos palmatus L. Evolvulus numularis L. Bryonia laciniosa L. Rubia cordifolia L. Dellenia indica L. Dalbergia sisoo Roxb. Altingia excelsa Noronha. Annona squamosa L. Annona squamosa L. Nymphaea stellata L. Hiptage benghalensis L. Hiptage benghalensis L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Plantago ovata Forst. Sarcostema acidum L. Gardenia gummifera L. Liliaceae Convolvulaceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Moraceae Caesalpiniaceae Cucurbitaceae Cannabinaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Rubiaceae Dellinaceae Papilionaceae Hamamelidaceae Annonaceae Annonaceae Nymphaceae Malpigiaceae Malpigiaceae Euphorbiaceae Plantaginaceae Asclepiadaceae Rubiaceae Bulb

Whole P

Roots, fr Roots W.plant Flowers W.plant W.plant Roots W.plant

Whole P

Whole P Roots

Bark, lea

Roots, ba

Whole P Fruits Fruits

Rhizome

Bark, lea

Bark, lea Husk of Seeds W.plant Resin

63 1523. 1524. 1525. 1526. 1527. 1528. 1529. 1530. 1531. 1532. 1533. 1534. 1535. 1536. 1537. 1538. 1539. 1540. 1541. 1542. 1543. 1544. 1545. 1546. 1547. So-mara-ya tholi So-ppinka-ya maram So-ya- bean Sta-r a-pple Su- chi mallika Su- chi mulla Subramanyakire-t.a m Sunna- mukki Surapunna-ga Surya ka-nthi Suryappu Swarnakisiri Swe-thadurva T.arpentain maram Ta- kko-la ppu-ttil Tadiyan ka-ya Taila ppullu Takara Takaram Takka-li Ta-kko- lappu- ttin Ta-kkolam Tala neeli Talave-dhana valli Ta-leesa pathram Acacia polyantha L. Sapindus emarginatus Vahl. Glycine max L. Chrysophyllum cainito L. Jasminum auriculatum L. Jasminum auriculatum L. Tecoma stans L. Cassia sena L. Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth. Helianthus annus L. Helianthus annus L. Euphorbia thomsoniana Boix. Imperata cylindrica Beauv. Pinus roxburghii L. Illicium verum Hook .f. Lagenaria vulgaris L. Cymbopogon citratus DC. Cassia tora L. Valeriana jadamansi Jones. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Illicium verum Hook .f. Illicium verum Hook .f. Merremia tridentata Burm f. Naravelia zeylanica L. Abies spectabilis D.Don. Mimosoideae Sapindaceae Papilionaceae Sapotaceae Oleaceae Oleaceae Bignoniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Clusiaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Pinaceae Magnoliaceae Cucurbitaceae Poaceae Caesalpiniaceae Valerianaceae Solanaceae Magnoliaceae Magnoliaceae Convolvulaceae Ranunculaceae Pinaceae Bark Fruits Seeds

Bark, lea W.plant W.plant Bark. Leaves Bark W.plant W.plant Latex Seeds Resin Fruits Fruits Oil

Leaves, s Roots Fruits Fruits Fruits W.plant W.plant Cones

64 1548. 1549. 1550. 1551. 1552. 1553. 1554. 1555. 1556. 1557. 1558. 1559. 1560. 1561. 1562. 1563. 1564. 1565. 1566. 1567. 1568. 1569. 1570. 1571. 1572. Ta-li ma-thalam Ta-liyari Ta-mala pathram Ta-mara Ta-nni Ta-nni mathan Ta-nnikka Tanthala kkotti Tatha chu-ri Ta-thiri Ta-thiri poo Ta-vizha- ma Ta-zhambu Tazhu tha-ma Te- r maram Te-ak Techi Te-kkada Te-kkida Te-kkida ve-ru Telli Te-mba-v Tena Tenayari Teng Punica granatum L. Iopmoea nil L. Cinnamomum tamala L. Nelumbo nucifera Gartn. Terminalia bellarica Roxb. Citrulus vulgaris L. Terminalia bellarica Roxb. Crotalaria retusa L. Spermacoce hispida L. Woodfordia fruticosa L. Woodfordia fruticosa L. Boerhavia diffusa L. Pandanus odoratissimus Lin f. Boerhavia diffusa L. Desmodium oajenise Roxb. Tectona grandis L. Ixora coccinea L. Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum L. Vateria indica L. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Setaria italica L. Setaria italica L. Cocos nucifera L. Punicaceae Convolvulaceae Lauraceae Nymphaceae Combretaceae Cucurbitaceae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Rubiaceae Lythraceae Lythraceae Nyctaginaceae Pandanaceae Nyctaginaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Rubiaceae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Dipterocarpaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Poaceae Palmae

Roots, Fr Seeds

Leaves b W.plant

Bark, fru Fruit

Bark, fru W.plant

W. Plant Flowers Flowers W.plant

Bark, lea W.plant

Leaves b

W. Plant

Roots, le

W. Plant

W. Plant Roots Resin Wood Grains Grains

Infloresc

65 1573. 1574. 1575. 1576. 1577. 1578. 1579. 1580. 1581. 1582. 1583. 1584. 1585. 1586. 1587. 1588. 1589. 1590. 1591. 1592. 1593. 1594. 1595. 1596. Te-r kada Te-rl kada Te-tta maram Te-tta-m baral Tetti Te-yila Tha- liya marava-za Tha- rtha-val Thakaram (var) Tha-le-spathram (var) Tha-li –s pathram (var) Thallithe-nga Tha-rtha-val (var) Thavassimuringa The- mba- ve The-nkottai The-rakam Thi- darmani Thindikavrusham Thippali Thirunithrippacha Thot.uka-ra (var) Thot.uka-ra (var) Thot.uka-ra(var) Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum L. Strychnos potatorum L. Strychnos potatorum L. Ixora coccinea L. Camelia sinensis L. Acampe praemorsa L. Spermacoce articularis L.f. Valeriana wallichi L. Abies webbiana Lindle. Taxus buccata L. Terminalia cattapa L Spermacoce hispida L. Apama sliquosa Lamk. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Semicarpus anacardium L. Ficus asperima L. Mimosa pudica L. Rhus parviflora Roxb. Piper longum L. Artemisia nilagirica L. Melastoma labathricum L. Ougenia dalbergioides Benth. Osbeckia wightiana L. Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Loganiaceae Loganiaceae Rubiaceae Theaceae Orchidaceae Rubiaceae Valerianaceae Pinaceae Pinaceae Combretaceae Rubiaceae Aristolochiaceae Combretaceae Anacardiaceae Moraceae Mimosoideae Anacardiaceae Piperaceae Asteraceae Melastomaceae Fabaceae Melastomaceae

W. Plant

W. Plant Seeds Seeds

Roots, le Leaves

Whole P

Whole P

Rhizome Cones Cones Seeds W.plant

Roots, L Bark Seeds Leaves Leaves

Whole P Fruits

Whole P

Whole P

Whole P

Whole P

66 1597. 1598. 1599. 1600. 1601. 1602. 1603. 1604. 1605. 1606. 1607. 1608. 1609. 1610. 1611. 1612. 1613. 1614. 1615. 1616. 1617. 1618. 1619. 1620. 1621. Tho ttupuli Thozhukanni Thra-ya ma-nam Thrikolppa konna Thripuda Thudari Thu-vakka-ya Tila pushpi Tina Ti-ndar mani Tindisa vruksham Tinna-mba-la Tirutha-li Tiruvatta ppassa Ti-tta pla-ve Tondi Tot.u ka- ra Totta- va-ti To-tta va-zha Totta-l va-ti To-ttu vila Trutha-ve Tudali Tudari Tulakka ppi-ram
-

Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Desmodium gyrans L. Gentiana kuroo Royle. Operculina turpethum L. Operculina turpethum L. Lepidium iberis L. Gnetum ula L. Digitalis purpurea L. Setaria italica L. Mimosa pudica L. Trichosanthes laciniosa L. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Ipomoea sepiaria Koen. Pinus roxburghii L. Artocarpus lackoocha Roxb. Ficus hispida L. Ougeinia oojeinensis L. Mimosa pudica L. Canna indica L. Mimosa pudica L. Capparis moonii Wight. Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Ziziphus oenoplia L. Ziziphus oenoplia L. Luffa cylindrica Roxb.

Clusiaceae Papilionaceae Gentianaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Cruciferae Gnetaceae Scrophulariaceae Poaceae Mimosoideae Cucurbitaceae Apocynaceae Convolvulaceae Pinaceae Moraceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Mimosoideae Cannaceae Mimosoideae Capparidaceae Lamiaceae Rhamnaceae Rhamnaceae Cucurbitaceae

Fruits

Whole P Roots Roots Roots

Whole P Seeds W.plant Grains

Roots, le Fruits

Bark, lea W.plant

Oleoresin Fruits Fruits Leaves

Roots, le

Rhizome

Roots, le Seeds W.plant Roots Roots Fruits

67 1622. 1623. 1624. 1625. 1626. 1627. 1628. 1629. 1630. 1631. 1632. 1633. 1634. 1635. 1636. 1637. 1638. 1639. 1640. 1641. 1642. 1643. 1644. 1645. 1646. Tulasi Tumba Tumbunal Tumbuni Tumburu Tummi Tu-n maram Turuk shakam Tu-si mulla Tu-thu vila Tuvara Tuvara pparippu U- das leepa U- lan thakara U- rakam U- rakam (var) U- rakam (var) U- rakam (var) U- ram Uccha malari Udi Udiram Uka Uka maram Uluva Ocimum sanctum Gartn. Leucas aspera Willd. Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Gentiana kuroo Royle. Cedrela toona Roxb. Liquidamber orientalis Mill. Jasminum auriculatum L. Solanum trilobatum L. Cajanus cajan L. Cajanus cajan L. Paeonia emodi Wall. Cassia occidentalis L. Abutilon indicum D.Don. Abutilon avicennae L. Abutilon indicum L. Abutilon racemosum L. Abutilon indicum D.Don. Pentapetes phoenicea L. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Urena lobata L. Salvadora persica L. Salvadora persica L. Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Gentianaceae Meliaceae Hamamelidaceae Oleaceae Solanaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Paeoniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Sterculiaceae Anacardiaceae Malvaceae Salvadoraceae Salvadoraceae Papilionaceae

W.pla

Leaves, f

Bark, Fr

Bark, Fru

Bark, Fr W.plant Bark. Balsm W.plant W.plant Seeds Seeds Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl Roots Roots Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl

Bark, lea Roots

Bark, lea

Bark, lea

Fruits, le

68 1647. 1648. 1649. 1650. 1651. 1652. 1653. 1654. 1655. 1656. 1657. 1658. 1659. 1660. 1661. 1662. 1663. 1664. 1665. 1666. 1667. 1668. 1669. 1670. 1671. Ummam Ummam Ummath Unakka yerukkizhag Ung Uppiliyan Upputhalai Urinji maram Urithu-kki Uru linji Uru vanchi Urula kkizhang Uruma-m bazham Urunji Usha- malari Usthu khudas Uthanga Uthara kiriyath Uzhija Uzhunnu Va- sna- bhi (var) Va- sna- bhi (var) Va- sna- bhi (var) Vahni maram Vaira ppuli Datura innoxia Mill Datura stramonium L. Datura stramonium L. Zingiber officianale Roxb. Pongamia pinnata L. Asystacia gangetica L. Asystasia gangetica L. Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Aristolochia indica L. Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Solanum tuberosum L. Punica granatum L Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Catharanthus roseus L. Lavandula stoechas L. Blepharis edulis Pers. Swertia chirayita Roxb. Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Phaseolus mungo L. Aconitum chasmanthum L.Stapf. Aconitum falconerii L. Aconitum Ferox Wall. Prosopsis cineraria L. Averrhoa carabola L. Solanaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Zingiberaceae Papilionaceae Acathaceae Acanthaceae Sapindaceae Aristolochiaceae Sapindaceae Sapindaceae Solanaceae Punicaceae Sapindaceae Apocynaceae Lamiaceae Acanthaceae Gentianaceae Sapindaceae Papilionaceae Ranunculaceae Ranunculaceae Ranunculaceae Fabaceae Oxallidaceae

Roots

Whole pl

Whole pl

Rhizome

Roots, ba

Whole P Cell sap

Roots, ba Roots

Roots, ba

Roots, ba

Whole pl

Fruits&

Roots, ba

Whole pl

Leaves, f

Whole P

Whole pl

Roots, le

Roots, se

Whole pl

Whole pl

Whole pl Flowers Fruits

69 1672. 1673. 1674. 1675. 1676. 1677. 1678. 1679. 1680. 1681. 1682. 1683. 1684. 1685. 1686. 1687. 1688. 1689. 1690. 1691. 1692. 1693. 1694. 1695. 1696. Vaiyyan gatha Va-ka Va-l mulak Va-lamara Va-lavara Va-len ppuli Valiya malayakathi Valiya narune-ndi Valiya ne-rijil Valiya O-rila Valiya vasalachi-ra Valiyaka-ra Valla ruk Valli ppa-la Vallithetti Va-lppayar Van kadala-ti Vana vrunthakam Vanchi Vankkotta Vara valli Varak Varambe-kodive-li Varattu manjal Varinellu Flacourtia jangomas Burn f. Albizia lebbeck L. Piper cubeba L. Canavalia gladiata Jacq. Canavalia gladiata Jacq. Tamarindus indicus L. Bouhinia racemosa L. Decalepis hameltonii W & A. Pedalium murex L. Desmodium veluthinum L. Basella alba var. rubra L. Elaeocarpus serratus L. Enicostemma axillare L. Tylophora indica Burn f. Quisqualis indica L. Canavalia gladiata Jacq. Achyranthus aspera L. Podophyllum hexandrum Royle. Salix caprea L. Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Calycopteris floribunda L. Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Hedyotis auricularia L. Curcuma longa L. Oryza perinis L. Flacourtiaceae Mimosoideae Piperaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Asclepiadaceae Pedaliaceae Papilionaceae Basellaceae Elaeocarpaceae Gentianaceae Asclepiadaceae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Berbideraceae Salicaceae Trapaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Rubiaceae Zingiberaceae Poaceae

W.pla

Bark, lea Berries Fruits Fruits

Roots, le

Bark, flrs Roots Fruits

Leaves, R W.plant

Leaves, F W.plant W.plant Roots Fruits W.plant Roots Roots

Rhizome W.plant Grains W.plant

Rhizome Grains

70 1697. 1698. 1699. 1700. 1701. 1702. 1703. 1704. 1705. 1706. 1707. 1708. 1709. 1710. 1711. 1712. 1713. 1714. 1715. 1716. 1717. 1718. 1719. 1720. 1721. Varna pathri Va-sana ppullu Va-sthu chi-ra Vat.akkan rasna Vat.uka ppulinarakam Va-tamalli Va-tha kkodi Va-tha kkolli Vatta ka-kkakoti Vatta kkottayila Vattaperive-lam Vattappalam Vattumka-ya Vayamb Vayyan gatha Va-zhapat.athi Va-zhappunna Vazhu thina Ve-l vayamb Vel vazhuthana Vel ve-lakam Vel ve-lam (var) Ve-la Ve-li pparuthi Ve-li thondi Codiaeum variegatum Bl. Cymbopogon citrates D C. Chenopodium album L. Pluchea lanceolata O & H. Citrus aurantifolia L. Gomphrena globosa L. Cayratia carnosa Walll. Justicia gendurussa Burn f. Wattakaka volublis L. Dregea volubilis Benth. Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Enteda scandens L. Acorus calamus L. Asclepias curassavica L. Commelina benghalensis L. Dillenia pentagyna L. Solanum melongena L. Acorus calamus L. Solanum melongena L. Acacia leucophloea Roxb. Acacia leucophloea Roxb. Cleome viscosa L. Pergularia daemia Forsk. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Chenopodiaceae Asteraceae Rutaceae Amaranthaceae Vitaceae Acanthaceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadaceae Verbenaceae Verbenaceae Papilionceae Araceae Asclepiadaceae Commelinaceae Dillinaceae Solanaceae Araceae Solanaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Capparidaceae Asclepiadaceae Alangiaceae Oil W.plant Roots Fruits W.plant W.plant

Leave

Roots, le

Leaves, r Leaves

Roots, L

Roots, L Seeds

Rhizome

W.plant.

Leaves, R Seeds

Roots, le

Rhizome

Roots, le

Bark, wo

Bark, wo W.plant Leaf

Roots, fr

71 1722. 1723. 1724. 1725. 1726. 1727. 1728. 1729. 1730. 1731. 1732. 1733. 1734. 1735. 1736. 1737. 1738. 1739. 1740. 1741. 1742. 1743. 1744. 1745. 1746. Vella ayani Vella chethi Vella kkoduve-li Vella kkurinji Vella kundarikam Vella maruth Vella nava Vella o-kke Vella ppayar Vella ppine Vella ra-macham Vella thazhutha-ma Vella ummam Vella yo-dal Vellachembakam Vellakka- ttumulla Vellakkunni Vellakunnan Vellapi-chil Vellappa-vatta Vellari Vellave-tti Velli la Velli lam Vellila tha-li Dipterocarpus turbinatus Gartn. Ixora acuminata L. Plumbago zeylanica L. Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees. Vateria indica L. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Quercus incana Roxb. Vigna unguiculata L. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Andropogon jwarancasa Jones. Boerhaavia verticillata L. Datura metel L. Sarcostigma kleinii Wright. Plumeria alba L. Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. Abrus precatorius L. Casearia esculenta Roxb. Luffa echinata Roxb. Pavetta hispidula L. Cucumis sativus. L. Dalbergia lanceolata L. Mussaenda frondosa L. Mussaenda frondosa L. Mussaenda frondosa L. Dipterocarpaceae Rubiaceae Plumbaginaceae Acanthaceae Dipterocarpaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Fagaceae Papilionaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Nyctaginaceae Solanaceae Icanthaceae Apocynaceae Oleaceae Papilionceae Flacourtiaceae Cucurbitaceae Rubiaceae Cucurbitaceae Papilionaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Roots Roots

Oleo-

Roots, le Resin Bark W.plant

Periderm Seeds Bark Roots W.plant Leaves

Bark, lea

Root , La Leaves ,

Seeds, R

Roots, L

Fruits ,R Roots Fruits

Whole pl Leaves Leaves Leaves

72 1747. 1748. 1749. 1750. 1751. 1752. 1753. 1754. 1755. 1756. 1757. 1758. 1759. 1760. 1761. 1762. 1763. 1764. 1765. 1766. 1767. 1768. 1769. 1770. 1771. Vellulli Vellu-ram Vellurppam Velutha chenganirkizhang Velutha kandaka-ri Velutha kundarikam Velutha musli Velutha nagadandi Velutha nilappana Velutha nirvasi Velutha vazhuthana Veluthaamalpori Veluthapa-la Ve-lvettikkizhag Ve-m ba-da Ve-m bba-da Ve-mbata Ve-mbu Ven karingali Ven karinga-li Ven katuk Ven kurumtho- tti Ven maruth Ven nochi Ven pa-la Allium sativum L. Abutilon indicum L. Abutilon indicum L. Kaempferia rotunda L Solanum surrattense Burn f. Vateria indica L. Chlorophytum tuberosum L. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Curculigo orchioides Gartn. Kyllinga nemoralis Fort. Solanum ferox L. Chasalia curviflora L. Mesua ferrea L. Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Ventilago madraspatna Roxb. Ventilago madraspatna Gartn. Ventilago madraspatana Gartn. Toona ciliata Roem. Acacia polyantha L. Acacia suma Lour. Brassica juncea L. Sida alba L. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Vitex trifolia L. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Liliaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Zingiberaceae Solanaceae Dipterocarpaceae Liliaceae Euphorbiaceae Amaryllidaceae Cyperaceae Solanaceae Rubiaceae Clusiaceae Trapaceae Rhamnaceae Rhamnaceae Rhamnaceae Meliaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Cruciferae Malvaceae Combretaceae Verbenaceae Apocynaceae Bulb

Whole pl W.plant Tubers Roots Resin

Rhizome W.plant

Root stoc Tubers Roots Roots

Bark,Roo

Rhizome

Bark, lea

Root, bar

Woody s Fruits

Heart wo

Heart wo Seeds Roots Bark. Leaves.

Bark, lea

73 1772. 1773. 1774. 1775. 1776. 1777. 1778. 1779. 1780. 1781. 1782. 1783. 1784. 1785. 1786. 1787. 1788. 1789. 1790. 1791. 1792. 1793. 1794. 1795. 1796. Ven tha mara Ven the-k Ven va-ka Ven ve-lam Ve-napacha Venda Ve-nga Venmaruth Venpa- val Ve-ppu Vett.u ppa la Vettila kkoti Vettila ppuli Vettilakkodi Vettimaram Vidhanga Vila-r maram Vila-v Vi-mb Vi-ra vrusham Vishamalari Vishappacha Vishnu kra-nthi Vishnukra- nthi Vit.ana
-

Nelumbo nucifera Gartn. Lagerstomia lanceolata L. Albizzia procera L. Acacia leucocephala Roxb. Heliotropium indicum L. Abelmoschus esculentus L. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Mormordica dioica L. Azadirachta indica Juss. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Piper betele L. Vitis carnosa L. Piper betele L. Aprosa lindleyana L. Emelia tsjeriam A.DC Limonia acidissima L. Limonia acidissima L. Mitragyna parviflora Roxb. Dichrostachys cinerea L. Clerodendrum inerme Gaertn Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Evolvulus numelaris L. Evolvulus alsinoides L. Olea dioica Roxb.

Nymphaceae Lythraceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Boraginaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae Dipterocarpaceae Cucurbitaceae Meliaceae Apocynaceae Piperaceae Vitaceae Piperaceae Euphorbiacee Myrsinaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Mimosoideae Verbenaceae Asteraceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Oleaceae

W.pla Bark. Bark.

Leaves, f

Whole pl Fruits

Heart wo Bark.

Roots,Le W.plant

Bark, lea W.plant W.plant Leaves Leaves

Whole pl

Bark, lea

Bark, lea Bark

Roots& s

Roots, L W.plant W.plant

Whole pl

Bark,Lea

74 1797. 1798. 1799. 1800. 1801. 1802. 1803. 1804. 1805. 1806. 1807. Vit.atal Vit.athal vruksham Vizha- l Vla- nga Vrudhi Vyagra nakhi Yakshi ppa-la Yasank Yava saka Yavam Yukka-li maram Dichrostachys cinerea L. Dichrostachys cinerea L. Embelia ribes Burn f. Feronia elephantum L. Habenaria intermedia D. Don. Capparis zeylanica L. Alstonia scholaris L. Azima tetracantha Lam. Alhagi pseudalhagi L. Hordeum vulgare L. Eucalyptus globulus L. Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Myrsinaceae Zygophyllaceae Orchidaceae Cappaidaceae Apocynaceae Salvadoraceae Fabaceae Poaceae Myrtaceae Roots &

Tuber

Roots, le

Whole pl Tubers Bark.

Roots& b Seeds W.plant Grain Oil

Reference: B.P.Pandey - Economic Botany –Chand & Co. Meerut. Dr. S. Nesamony –Oushadha Sasyangal Vol: 1 & 11 State Institute of Languages, Kerala, Trivandrum George H.M. Lawrence – Taxonomy of Vascular Plants –Oxford & I B H Publishing Co. New Delhi. Jain S.K. –A Manual of Ethnobotany –Scientific Pub: Jodhpur. Jain S.K. – Glimpses of thnobotany – Oxford & IBH, New Delhi. J.S.Gamble - Flora of the Presidency of Madras Vol:1,11 &111-Botanical Survey of India. K.S.Manilal &V.V. Sivarajan –Flora of Calicut –Bishen Singh & Mahendra Pal Singh. Prof. R. Vasudevan Nair –Taxonomy of Angiosperms –APH Publishing House. Subramanian, Venkatasubramanian & Nallaswamy –Flora of Palghat - Bishen Singh & Mahendra Pal Singh S.N. Pandey –Economic Botany-Vikas Pub: Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier – Indian Medicinal Plants Vol : 1 to V –Arya Vaida Sala, Kottackal PROF.P.T.RAJASEKHARAN NAIR, DEPT: OF BOTANY, PAYYANUR COLLEGE,PAYYANUR. &BOTANICAL ADVISER, GOVT.AYURVEDA COLLEGE, PARIYARAM, KANNUR. ( SREEPARVAM, DHARMADAM . 0490-2346767, 9446429767) The author has published two CDs –1. ‘Digital Herbarium of Angiosperms’ with named and classified digital photographs of 2000 plants as a reference for B.Sc and M.Sc Botany students. 2. ‘Dictionary of Medicinal plants’having binomials with Malayalam names and also Malayalam names with binomials and digital photographs of mamy plants for Ayurveda students. E mail- ptrnair@yahoo.com.& r.rajannair@rediffmail.com.,profptrajasekharan@gmail.com

75