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Earthquakes are typically described using the logarithmic Richter scale. This means that

instead of describing intensity, the Richter scale describes the magnitude of an earthquake.

This is done using the formula

intensity of the quake in

Pre-lab questions:

A. If an earthquake has an intensity of

Scale?

log(782,300) = 5.9 magnitude

B. Colorados largest earthquake in the last hundred years was a 5.3. What was the

intensity?

5.3 = log(I)

I = 199526.23

In 2010, a 7.0 quake hit Haiti and the death toll is estimated around 150,000 people.

Seismologists anticipate an earthquake off the coast of Oregon or Washington in the next 50

years that could be up to 9.2.

1) How much more intense would this quake be than the earthquake in Haiti? Present your

answer as a factor, for example three times more intense! Oh my!

log(I) = 7.0

107 = I

I = 10,000,000

Log(I) = 9.2

109.2 = I

I = 1584893192.5

158.5 times more intense! Oh my!

2) If the earthquake is only half as intense as predicted, what will it be on the Richter scale?

1584893192.5 / 2 = 792,446,596.25

log(792,446,596.25) = 8.9

-----I thought these were more pre-lab questions..

Whoops Dan, I still went back and filled out the stages, just did them after I already solved the

problem because I thought it was another pre-lab question.

Known Values:

A 7.0 earthquake hit Haiti

Seismologists anticipate a 9.2 earthquake hitting off the coast of the Pacific Northwest

Pre-lab answers:

A: 5.9 Magnitude

B: 199,526.23 Intensity

Variables:

Intensity of a 7.0 earthquake

Intensity of a 9.2 earthquake

Difference in intensity as a factor

Magnitude of 9.2 earthquake with 50% intensity

Final goal:

Identify how much more intense the 9.2 earthquake is as a factor

Identify the magnitude of the 9.2 earthquake if it was only half as intense

Knowing how to use logarithms

Being able to solve logarithms backwards (i.e. log(x) = 9.2 )

Rough prediction:

This is the only part I cant do because I accidentally solved it all first thinking it was a pre-lab

question

Step

Explanation

log(I) = 7.0

107 = I

I = 10,000,000

Log(I) = 9.2

109.2 = I

I = 1584893192.5

and the 9.2 earthquake.

1584893192.5

/

10,000,000

= 158.5

by dividing the 9.2 earthquake intensity by

that of the 7.0 one.

1584893192.5 / 2 = 792,446,596.25

log(792,446,596.25) = 8.9

what the richter magnitude would be.

Solution(s):

1): 158.5 times more intense! Oh my!

2): 8.9 magnitude

Reflection:

I liked this Pow a lot actually. Other than me mistaking the POW question itself for a pre-lab

question I would say that it went pretty smoothly too. I felt more than prepared and supplied with

the tools to solve the problem, which made it quite easy in fact.

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