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Integrated Unit of Work: Exploring the World

Intent

Deep Knowledge / Understandings

To appreciate the world and the different layers to it community, city, country, world
Learn songs, dances and art forms from countries around the world
Begin to understand that people live in different places around the world but although they have
similar lives there are various cultures and languages associated with each country

We are all creative in one way or another


Through being creative we can appreciate various cultures, customs and traditions
There are many ways (books, poems, songs, apps etc.) to learn about a topic

Society and Environment - Geography


Geographical Knowledge and
Understanding
The representation of the
location of places and their
features on maps and a globe
(ACHGK001)
Concepts:
Place

Environment

Geographical Knowledge
and Understanding
The places people live in
and belong to, their familiar
features and why they are
important to people
(ACHGH002)
Concepts:

Environment

Observing,
Questioning and
Planning
Make observations
about familiar places
and pose questions
about them
(ACHGS001)
Concepts:
Environment

Interconnection

Space

Communicating
Present information using
everyday language to describe
location and direction
(ACHGS005)
Concepts:

Place

Skills / Processes
Engaging and participating in different cultural art forms
Learn songs, dances and poems from countries around the world
Wonder, locate, describe and question different places in the world

English
Language
Understand that English is one of
many languages spoken in
Australia and that different
languages may be spoken by
family, classmates and
community (ACELA1426)

Space

Literature
Replicate the rhythms and
sound patterns in stories,
rhymes, songs and poems
from a range of cultures
(ACELT1579)

Year: Pre-Primary

The Arts
Literacy
Create short texts to explore, record
and report ideas and events using
familiar words and beginning writing
knowledge (ACEL1651)
Construct texts using software
including word processing programs
(ACELY1654)

Music

Visual Arts

Dance

Develop aural skills by exploring and imitating


sounds, pitch and rhythm patterns using voice,
movement and body percussion (ACAMUM080)
Sing and play instruments to improvise, practice a
repertoire of chants, songs and rhymes, including
songs used by cultural groups in the community
(ACAMUM081)

Explore ideas, experiences,


observations and
imagination to create visual
artworks and design,
including considering ideas
in artworks by Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander artists
(ACAVAM106)

Present dance that


communicates
ideas to an
audience,
including dance
used by cultural
groups in the
community
(ACADAM003)

Change

Think and wonder, wonder and think


- Dr Seuss

The more that you read. The more things you will know. The more that you learn, the
more places youll go
- Dr Seuss

Geographical Knowledge and Understanding

Language

Introduction: Read Theres a Map on My Lap as it builds a foundation for children


Read books that introduce the idea of the world like This is Australia, Me on the Map, Theres a
Map on My Lap, Oh the Places Youll Go, My Granny Went to Market: A Round-the-World
Counting Rhyme, Amelias Fantastic Flight, Imagine a City,
Read books specific to various countries, regions, cities, and towns so in a sense you are
viewing the world through picture books. Some suggested books Are We There Yet?, The
Subway Mouse, Africa is Not a Country, Linnea in Monets Garden, Beaten Balloon, Olivia Goes
to Venice, We All Went on Safari A Counting Journey Through Tanzania, I Live in Tokyo, If
You Lived Here, Big Rain Coming, The Cat Who Walked Across France, This Is London, Why I
Love Australia, Possum Magic, Berry Magic, Victoria Goes to Brazil, Up and Down the Andes,
and Shanyi Goes to China
Poster to match the above phrase viewing the world through picture books
http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/libraries-for-children-and-ya/Projects/picturebookposter.pdf
Me in the World: teach children that there are different levels that make the world e.g. the
individual level me, home, school, street, city, state, country, continent, planet and cut out
circles that gradually get larger for children to draw individual symbols on
Bring in postcards that you, family, friends, neighbours have collected from around the world to
create a postcard wall collage showcasing different places in the world
Intro2Globes: Use the ABC shops inflatable globe for children to understand that the globe is a
representation of the world. Gather in a circle and throw the inflatable globe around letting
children choose a place on the map and naming it.
Create an Oh, the Places Youll Go! bulletin board showing the world map. Let children cut
balloon shapes out of crepe, tissue or card paper, drawing pictures on their balloons of where
they live (homes) covering Western Australia (WA) showing children WA in relation to Australia
and the rest of the world
Map mural: Tack a wall sized map somewhere accessible in the classroom allowing children to:
stick photos of places they have been to matching the photo with the right country, stick sticky
notes of places they have heard of, and planes of places they want to go to
Play with the Usborne Map of the World Jigsaw (250 pieces) letting children get used to looking
at the world map (during play time)
Watch: Sesame Street Homes around the world. Explore why they are important to people
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eFYH7xj-EhQ
Make ABCD etc. flashcards of country names to put up on the classroom wall. This could also
be used to create a short text using familiar country names e.g. Australia, Brazil, Canada,
Denmark etc.
Map collage: Cut out/examine pictures from magazines e.g. National Geographic, of places
people in different parts of Australia and in different places in the world live in. Compare how
they are the same and different to where we live.
Barefoot World Atlas: iPad time to discover the magical, interactive 3D globe and explore
regions and countries of the world including their music and features (small group)
Cultures for Kids: Interactive website for kids to explore during iPad time (small group)
http://www.exploreandmore.org/world/default.htm
Helpful Resources: Planet Earth and Its People by Anna Burbury and Teaching Geography
Creatively edited by Stephen Scoffham

Ask children in the class who may speak other languages whether they would feel
comfortable sharing with their friends their language and to teach them a phrase or
two. If children feel comfortable sharing, a whole stream of opportunities could be
explored
Read books about different cultures and countries. Some suggested books One
World Together, Whoever You Are, The Goodnight Book, Yum! Lets Eat, Learning
German with Stories and Pictures: Bert Das Buch: Or: How the Books Learned to
Love the Future, Brrrm brrmmmm! Let's go!, Kids on Our Block, and French with
Abby and Zak
Read bilingual books that show children English and another language and see on
numerous readings whether children can guess what the story is about just from
looking at the pictures. Some suggested books A Splendid Friend Indeed, Bears
Birthday, Bear Takes a Trip, and Brrrm, brrmmmm! Let's go!
Attempt to learn how to say hello and goodbye in different languages (the use of
visually attractive poster cards around the classroom would be effective OR even
added to the map mural e.g. the Bonjour card could be placed near France
Watch television shows with people speaking different languages
Some suggested shows Maya and Miguel, Dora the Explorer, Ni-Hao Kai-Lan and
Oh Noah!
Put up words in different languages on colourful sheet of card around the room so
children get accustomed to there being other languages spoken in everyday life.
Topics could include days of the week, months of the year, numbers to ten etc.
Describe someone you have heard speaking another language and what was their
relation to you
Talk about how Australia is a multicultural society and how many people can speak
more than one language
Share with the class children who speak another language on top of English and if
they have previously agreed let them teach the class a few phrases per week
Helpful Resources: Teaching English Creatively by Teresa Cremin

Music
So, open your mouth, lad! For every voice counts!
- Dr Seuss
Aural Skills
Watch Little Einsteins as an introduction to music and exploring the world
Create a song using different objects around the room experimenting with their
various sounds and pitches
Sounds in a Circle is a way to introduce numerous body percussion with each
child choosing their own and having a conductor in the middle to direct the class
when to play/when to stop/who can keep going etc.
Body Percussion Cards allows children to specifically be told which body parts to
be used as they may have never thought of making music like that e.g. tapping
finger nails, clicking heels, flicking fingers in the air, rubbing hands together etc.
Hand Clapping Games exploring different songs and rhythms using various body
parts. Examples: Bim Bam, The Cup Game, Copy Cat Game, This is the Way (to
the tune of Here we go Round the Mulberry Bush) changing body parts each time,
The Stomp, Samoan Slap Dance, and Juba and Fanga
Experiment with various body parts to create different rhythmic patterns and
sounds solo, with a partner, and as a group.
Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqnNu3u-Apw
Body Percussion Round: A child starts and passes the rhythm/body percussion
onto the next child and so on and then makes up another rhythm to be passed on.
The children can then come together as a group and work together, adding
elements of chant when children have understood the concept of a rhythmic round
Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sb-2VsE2y-U
Helpful Resource: Teaching Music with a Multicultural Approach
Instrument and Voice Work
Improvise various rhythms on a set rhythm and see what children can come up
with different cultural music played in the background
Drum circle Establish rules and set cues. Improvise rhythms on various drums,
wood blocks, claves, tapping sticks, cowbells, triangles, maracas, egg shakers,
rainsticks, etc. in a circle together. Count children in at various times altering their
entry. Vary the lengths each child plays. Try to create a round. Let children
improvise to the class as a solo or in groups when everyone else is just playing a
simple pattern or dropping dead silent. Once basic concept is grasped play games
such as pass the rhythm (like Chinese whispers), dynamic directors (using loud,
soft, getting softer and louder cues), instrument change (like musical chairs) etc.
Helpful Resource: Drum Circle Facilitation: Building Community

Integrated Unit of Work: Exploring the World Continued


Society and Environment - Geography
Geographical Knowledge and
Understanding
The representation of the
location of places and their
features on maps and a globe
(ACHGK001)
Concepts:
Place

Environment

Geographical Knowledge
and Understanding
The places people live in
and belong to, their familiar
features and why they are
important to people
(ACHGH002)
Concepts:

Environment

Observing,
Questioning and
Planning
Make observations
about familiar places
and pose questions
about them
(ACHGS001)
Concepts:
Environment

Interconnection

Space

Communicating
Present information using
everyday language to describe
location and direction
(ACHGS005)
Concepts:

Place

English
Language
Understand that English is one of
many languages spoken in
Australia and that different
languages may be spoken by
family, classmates and
community (ACELA1426)

Space

Literature
Replicate the rhythms and
sound patterns in stories,
rhymes, songs and poems
from a range of cultures
(ACELT1579)

The Arts
Literacy
Create short texts to explore, record
and report ideas and events using
familiar words and beginning writing
knowledge (ACEL1651)
Construct texts using software
including word processing programs
(ACELY1654)

Dance

Explore ideas, experiences,


observations and
imagination to create visual
artworks and design,
including considering ideas
in artworks by Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander artists
(ACAVAM106)

Present dance that


communicates
ideas to an
audience,
including dance
used by cultural
groups in the
community
(ACADAM003)

Literature

Music Continued

Stories
Read books about different cultures exploring various words and patterns of writing in
the stories. Some suggested books Tar Beach, Alvin Ho, Were Going on a Croc
Hunt, The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses, Inside Out and Back Again, Bud Not Buddy,
Lon Po Po, My Name is Maria Isabel and The Snowy Day

Instrument and Voice Work Continued


Improvise short oriental tunes using the pentatonic scale (do-re-mi-so-la-do)
Improvise on xylophones short oriental tunes using the pentatonic scale (do-re-miso-la-do)
Create a learning experience out of The Lion Sleeps Tonight through singing,
rhythm, rounds, improvisation summing up everything learnt using music in this
unit

Question the world through geographical jokes such as:

Knock Knock.
Whos there?
Francis who?
Francis.
France is a country in Europe.

Visual Arts

Develop aural skills by exploring and imitating


sounds, pitch and rhythm patterns using voice,
movement and body percussion (ACAMUM080)
Sing and play instruments to improvise, practice a
repertoire of chants, songs and rhymes, including
songs used by cultural groups in the community
(ACAMUM081)

Change

Observing, Questioning and Planning


Knock Knock.
Whos there?
Alaska.
Alaska who?
Alaska later when I see her

Music

Q: What is the fastest country in the world?


A: Russia.
Q: What do Penguins wear on their heads?
A: Ice caps.

Q: What did the sea say to the shore?


A: Nothing, it just waved.

Make up your own short and simple geographical jokes. These could even be turned into a
class joke book.
Globe fun can be had through children handling ABC shops inflatable globe. Instead of just
naming countries that children find, you can focus their attention by asking questions e.g. can
you find a country in Africa beginning with the letter Z?, locate a small European country,
identify the seas around India etc. Once children are engaged, they will want to make up their
own questions as they become familiar with the globe and its characteristics
See, Think, Wonder about the world and places that are familiar e.g. home, community, school
Ask students questions like:
~ Where have you travelled?
~ What was your favourite place you visited?
~ What is your favourite country?
~ Is there a particular place in the world you would like to visit? Why?
~ Why do you like a particular place? e.g. food, shopping, friends, family, games
~ Why dont you like particular places? e.g. my grandparents arent with me
Bring in objects that represent places people have been and make a display table. Make
observations about objects, and question where they have come from?, what they were used
for?, who used them? etc.
Play with Children of the World Memory Game, which encourages memory and matching skills
(during play time) Children have to match the boy and girl pairs according to their traditional
dress, country name and colour featured on each card. This game involves a lot of questioning.
Use Google Earth/an atlas/a globe for children to create a journey around the world. Pretend to
be seated on a plane and fly to places they name, landmarks they point out, oceans they
remember etc. Questions can be linked and included in this exploration process which could be
used as a form of formative assessment as the child is self directing the activity based on what
she/he has learnt
Ask students questions like:
~ Where have you travelled?
~ What was your favourite place you visited?
Open questions elicit wider thinking. Using geographical thunks (beguiling, simple-looking
questions about everyday life that stops you in your tracks and helps you to start looking at the
world in a new light) prepares children for wider thinking. It also get children to use their
creativity and imagination. Some examples are:
~ What does the back of a rainbow look like?
~ Can you step on water?
~ Can you swim in the ocean?
~ How do planes fly in the sky?
~ How did countries get their names?
~ Why is Australia not called something else? Like Australeah?
Helpful Resource: Planet Earth and Its People by Anna Burbury

Rhymes
Read a rhyme a day from My Village: Rhymes from Around the World and explore 5
things children knew about the particular country read about or 5 things children
learnt and extend their knowledge
Share and sing in Japanese with Japanese Nursery Rhymes Carp Streamers,
Falling Rain and Other Traditional Favourites and Korean Nursery Rhymes Wild
Geese, Land of Goblins and Other Favourite Songs and Rhymes
Create a class rhyme book with rhymes from different countries and cultures like Fis
Fis Kayici (Turkish)
Dress in traditional costume and let children read aloud a simple rhyme from their
own country
Create aabb or abab short and simple rhyming patterns that can be acted out to do
with how children view the world and their cultures
Songs

Songs
Create songs making up your own languages or using languages you already know
and then translate the verses/chorus to English
Learn simple songs that body percussion can be added to e.g. London Bridge
Learn songs from different countries:
Some suggested songs Polly Wolly Doodle, Waltzing Matilda, I Still Call Australia
Home, Where Oh Where, Everyone Likes Calypso, Jambo, Ame Ame, Frre
Jacques, Global Hello Song, Noyana, Lie La Lie, The Lion Sleeps, Sol Nal, and
London Bridge
Some suggested CDs Putumayo Kids (range of world music), Rabbit Days and
Dumplings and Rhythm of the Pridelands

Listen to songs in foreign languages and learn a range that children are interested in
Sing songs like Hes Got the Whole Wide World in His Hands, This Little Light of
Mine, Kumba Ya to let children experience the sense of repetition. Model clicking
your fingers to the rhythm or on the beat and teach children that the beat gives
meaning and purpose to songs/rhymes
Bring in different types of instruments children have access to from other countries
and use the instruments to support learning experiences with music (activities listed
under the arts - music)
Listen to and join in singing Waltzing Matilda the traditional Australian version and
then listen to Trevor Adamson singing Nyanpi Matilda. While the Nyanpi Matilda
version is nearly the same as the original version everyone knows, if you listen
closely you can tell he is singing in an Indigenous Aboriginal dialect Pitjantjatjara
(Central Australia)

Some suggested song books Mango Spice: 44 Caribbean Songs, Let Your Voice
Be Heard! Songs from Ghana and Zimbabwe, The Singing Sack: 28 Stories from
Around the World (Music Series), Multicultural Songs, Games, and Dances (The
Oake Collection), and 20 French Songs for Use in Primary Schools

Poems
Read poetry books for children. Some suggested poetry books: A Full Moon is
Rising, A Stick is an Excellent Thing, Confetti: Poems for Children, Once Around the
Sun, A Poke in the I, One Leaf Rides the Wind, The Blacker the Berry, Iguanas in the
Snow: And Other Winter Poems, In Daddys Arms I Am Tall, and A Pocketful of
Poems
Look at the language patterns and repetitions in poems
Talk about the feelings, ideas or experiences in poems such as Corroboree by Kathy
Walker
Create a concrete poem (doesnt have to rhyme) using ideas about the world using
various art mediums like paint, charcoal, crayon, textas, etc.
Construct a group acrostic poem about the world using a country as the basic word
Bake traditional food and let children read aloud a simple poem to accompany where
their food comes from
Check online websites such as
http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/arts/aboriginalpoems/?/aboriginalculture/arts/aboriginal-poems to browse contemporary Aboriginal
poems

Chants
Call and Response a cappella singing exercises (leader and chorus with some
improvisation from chosen soloists) e.g. The Star and the Wiseman, Doraji
Create individual call and response chants to teach the class
Body Percussion Chants involve chanting, coordination, and the correct rhythms
in conjunction with chants e.g. Dorn ar Dorn, Buail Bos,

Some suggested websites with a database of childrens songs:


http://www.mamalisa.com/?t=eh
http://www.songsforteaching.com/folk/
http://www.kididdles.com/lyrics/world.html
http://weesing.com/Books-Music/Wee-Sing-Around-the-World
http://www.putumayo.com/kids/putumayo_kids_catalog/kidscds
http://kidsmusictown.com/childrenssongslyrics/multiculturalsongs/

Helpful Resource in General: Teaching Music Creatively by Pamela Burnard and


Regina Murphy