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Gabrielle Velasquez

Online Class Assignment

EDU 366
1 Article 1 Why Cant We Say Handicapped?
Why is the language used to refer to people with disabilities so important?
Language has changed because we recognize the power of words to
shape our reality. Our choice of words, whether were conscious of it
or not, conveys images that affect our attitudes and behavior. As a
society, we are denying reality and hiding a disability. The real aim is
to avoid stereotypes that are dehumanizing. People who have
disabilities want to be viewed and treated like everyone else.

2 Common Core Standards: What Special Educators Need to Know

What are common core standards?
The Common Core is a set of high-quality academic standards in
mathematics and English language arts/literacy (ELA). These learning
goals outline what a student should know and be able to do at the end
of each grade. The standards were created to ensure that all students
graduate from high school with the skills and knowledge necessary to
succeed in college, career, and life, regardless of where they live.
Forty-two states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and the
Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) have voluntarily
adopted and are moving forward with the Common Core.
How have these been an improvement on NCLB?
NCLB required that 100% of US students be "proficient" on state
reading and math tests by 2014, which was regarded as an impossible
target by many testing opponents.
Common Core is adding to the stakes and its learning progressions
should provide clarity in charting the course of instruction from
where a student is performing to the expectations for the grade level.

The degree of attention is still on the rise, but it has many issues to
be resolved.
Technology helps with both of these intertwined.
What difficulties are there for ensuring special education students meet
these standards?
The most significant challenge will be preparing and further
developing the knowledge and skills for the student to meet the goals
on their IEP.
3 The Issues of IDEA
For each of the following areas listed, describe briefly the problem(s) that
threaten the full implementation of IDEA:
Funding: Any educator would say there is never enough money for K12 programs, but paying for an appropriate education for each
student with disabilities is the leading challenge for districts. Special
education is almost always one of the largest line items in federal,
state, and local K-12 budgets. Special education enrollments have
swelled, and treatments and technologies are far more advanced,
adding to the costs.
Teachers: Nearly every district is desperate for a well-qualified special
education teachers. Rural and high-poverty urban districts have
always seen the most severe shortages.
Civil Rights vs. Education: The IDEA was considered a major civil
rights victory, the first time individuals with disabilities were
guaranteed the right to receive an appropriate education. Theres no
longer a debate over whether students with disabilities should have
access to a classroom.
Identification: Labeling a student as special needs is a profound
decision that affects the rest of his or her educational career and life.
Some experts argue that there are simply too many students in
special education, and that many would not be classified if they had

been taught appropriately and received an early intervention service

in the regular classroom.
Litigation: The lack of agreement on what constitutes an appropriate
education for students with disabilities has resulted in a significant
increase in special education lawsuits.