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Helpful Packet (Most common/interesting areas worked on during my

time at Athletico)

1. Areas of the body


a. Quadratus lumborum
i. Cylinder like muscle to find this muscle use erector
spineae (as pictured below) and fall off of erector
spinae muscles. The QL is deep and very hard to
stretch
ii.

b. Piriformis
i. To find this muscle greater trochanter touch both
thumbs together and make a diamond using both
hands. The center of the diamond is where the
piriformis is located.
1. This muscle is usually inflamed with patients
that have hip bursitis, labral tears, or back
pain.

ii.

c. Erector spinea
i.

d. Lesser/ greater trochanter


i. Both are a common place of injury, specifically
bursitis , but the lesser trochanter hip bursitis is very
hard to diagnosis

ii.

e. Semicircular canals of the ear


i. Located within the inner ear, this area of the body is
particularly important with those who suffer vertigo.
Crystals located within the ear get caught in the
canals as show below and cause the vertigo.
ii.

iii.

Capula1. small hairs are located here, when moves


occurs the crystal can move and brush against

the hairs causing the symptoms of vertigo.

2.

f. Spinal nerves
i. Can be used during evaluations as a neural exam.
There are specific areas within the body that a

physical therapist can touch and find if there are


neural impairments
ii.

2. Helpful movements for the body


a. Neural floss- used for neural mobilization, to reduce pain
i. Usually due to a compressed or trapped nerve,
neural flossing is used as a way to set the nerve
free or breaks up scar tissue that could have been
created
ii. For sciatic or lower leg and back nerve pain the
neural floss can be seen below

iii.

b. Traction
i. Used to relieve pain from muscle or skeleton injuries.
Usually involves a traction table, spinal
decompression creates negative pressure. Can be
better described as a gentle pulling force on the
injured area
ii. **IMPORTANT** DO NOT USE TRACTION ON ANY
PATIENT WHO HAS HAD A SPINAL FUSION
iii.

iv.

3. Other
a. Womens ACL
i. Research shows that women are more likely to tear
or re-injure their ACL after a previous ACL injury
ii. Therefore it is important to strengthen and conduct
every exercise on both sides
1. ***STUDY**
2.

b. Trigger point release therapy

i. Helps to remove knots from muscles and gain blood


flow back to the area.
1. A massage technique to remove knots is to go
against the muscle fibers to begin and end in
the same direction of the muscle fibers when
conducting manual therapy
ii.

c. Trandelumburg
i. A hip abnormality, can be seen during a single leg
stance along with watching the patients gait. The
pelvis will shift toward the opposite (unaffected side)

ii.

d. Foot drop in Multiple Sclerosis patients


i. This happens due to the degeneration of nerves or
having numbness that may be so severe that patient
cannot feel the floor. Therefore it makes it hard to the
patient to lift the front part of the foot, and to
compensate they end up lift the knee as if they were
going up stairs (pictured below)
ii. ** high heat and humidity can increase or worsen
symptoms of MS*
iii.

iv.