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Psychology

TheScienceofPersonality

Mr.Ring

Pleaseanswerthefollowingquestionswhilewatchingandfollowingalongwiththe
documentary.

WhatisPersonality?acorewiringtohowyoureactandthinkinparticulartypeofway.Itaffects
howweviewtheworldandinterpretwhatwesee.

Whyisitsodifficulttodefine?
Theiraresomanydifferentdefinitions,itcannotbedefinedoneway.

GettingAlongvs.GettingAhead
Whatarethe3constantcharacteristicsofhumanbehavior?
1. socialanimals(liveingroups)
2. hierarchyofpower
3. systemofmeaning(religion,science,etc.)

Whatarethe3mainmotivesthathumanhave?
1. togetalongwithothers
2. tobesuccessful
3. findingmeaning

GroupDynamics
Howdidgroupsbegin?Explain.
Eversincethebeginningoftime,abiologicaldesiretofindmeaningandtogetalongandto
survive.

Explainthedifferencebetweencompetitionwithingroupsandcompetitionbetweengroups.
Competitionwithingroupsforstatus.Betweengroupsforsurvival.

Howdogroupdynamicsleadtothedevelopmentofleadership?
Somepeoplearemoreinfluentialandskilledthanothers.Otherswouldfollowthosewho
seemedtobemoreskillfulinorderforthemtohaveabetterchanceatsurvival.

TheoriesofLeadership
WhatistheGreatManTheory?
Lookedatthecharacteristicsinsidesuccessful,powerfulpeopletoseewhatmadethemgreat
leaders.

WhatisPower?Andhowdoesitrelatetoleadership?
Whensomeonegetssomeonetodosomethingtheynormallywouldn'tdo.Leadersacquire
powerwhenothersfollowthem,thereforeitisrelated.

Psychology

TheScienceofPersonality

Mr.Ring

TheRiseofPsychologicalAssessment
WhatimpactdidFreudhaveonthefieldofPsychology?Why?
Hepopularizedpsychology.Hemadeitawarethatoursubconsciouscontrolsouractions.He
wasaleadersohisideamadeabigimpactonsociety.

WhatisNeurosis?(researchifunknown)
Neurosisisaclassoffunctionalmentaldisordersinvolvingdistressbutneitherdelusionsnor
hallucinations.

Identityvs.Reputation
WhatisthedifferencebetweenIdentityandReputation?
identityisourprivateself,invisibletootherpeople.
Reputationistheyouthatotherpeoplesee.Itiswhatotherpeoplethinkofyou.

HowdoesbothIdentityandReputationimpactyourcareersuccess?
Yes

Howdidmilitaryleadershipassessmentidentifygoodleaders?
Theyinventedthemodernassessmentcentertoselectofficersbasedontheirintelligenceand
personality.

AssessmentComestotheUnitedStates
HowwereGermanmilitaryleadershipassessmentsinstitutedintheUnitedStates?
TheUSusedthismodelofteststochoosetheirspiesforthesecretservicesduringWW11,
whichlaterdevelopedtheintelligentservices.

TheFiveFactorModel
WhatistheFiveFactorModelofPersonality?
Theideathattheirare5basiccoredimensionsthatcanbeusedtodescribenormalpeople.It
takesthehundredsofotherpersonalityscalesandsimplifiesit.

MeasuringTraitsandPredictingPerformance
Whatarethetwomainapproachestopersonalityassessment?
1.Measuringtraits
2.PredictingOutcomes

Howcanabadleaderimpactanorganization?(ChainsawAl)

Psychology

TheScienceofPersonality

Mr.Ring

Abadleadercanleadotherstochaos.Forexample/ChainsawALwhoclosedthesunbeam
factorywholostmillionsofpeoplesjobs.

TheDarkSide
Whatisadarkside?Andwhendoesitshowup?
Asetofcharacteristicsthatarenegativeandthatgetinthewayofoursuccess.Itisacoping
strategywhenwefeelvulnerable.
Showsupwhenourguardisdown,theyarebasedonourownfears

TheBrightSide
Whatisthebrightside?Andwhendoesitshowup?
Relatedstoaperson'sstrengthsthatispresentedtotheworldwherewefeelwehave
everythingundercontrolandwecanimpressothersandbringothersup.
Itshowsupwhenwefeelconfidentandmotivatedinourselves.

ANewWaytoThink
Canpeoplechangetheirpersonality?
Youcanputstrategiesinplacetomanageyourpersonality.Youcangrowandadjustwithyour
relationshipwithyourpersonality,Changingwhatyouseeisthegatewaytochanging
everythingelse.