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Unit Title

Basics of Geometry

Measuring and Constructing Angles

Subject Area

Lesson Title

Audience Description

This is the Advanced Geometry class that meats for 1st hour.

There are 10 students in this class. They are all advanced

students and working on high school level material. They work

at a faster pace. They all considered gifted. They can sit

wherever they want to. In the front there is normally a table of 5,

a table of 4 and then 1student sits by her.

Lesson Length

Objectives

problems.

Students will be able to use deductive reasoning to solve

problems.

Students will be able to know the difference between inductive

and deductive.

Students will be able to make and test a conjecture.

Students will be able to make counterexamples.

Standards/Benchmarks

These are all of the standards

for this whole unit. This is

only day 3 of the unit which

is all of chapter 2.

CongruenceGCO

Provegeometrictheorems.

9.Provetheoremsaboutlinesandangles.

10.Provetheoremsabouttriangles.

11.Provetheoremsaboutparallelograms.

Similarity,RightTriangles,andTrigonometryGSRT

Provetheoremsinvolvingsimilarity.

4.Provetheoremsabouttriangles.

5.Usecongruenceandsimilaritycriteriafortrianglestosolve

problemsandtoproverelationshipsingeometricfigures.

Anticipatory Set

Time: 7 minutes

statements on the board that was the home practice. If the

conditional statement that student wants to write is already up

there, then they need to write a new one.

Some examples are:

If a quadrilateral is a kite, then it is not a trapezoid.

If a quadrilateral is a rectangle, then it is a parallelogram.

If a quadrilateral is a square, then it is a rhombus, a rectangle,

and a parallelogram.

If a polygon is a rhombus, then it is a quadrilateral.

thumbs up or thumbs down. If there are thumbs down have them

explain why.

If the class keeps getting off subject and has side conversations

then go over the rules of the class again. If they continue with

the conversations and not working then I will move students so

they are sitting somewhere else.

Lesson Activities

Total time: 34 minutes.

their interactive composition notebook on page 23 and 25. Write

the vocabulary words on the board.

Conjecture: unproven statement based on observation.

Inductive reasoning: Finding a pattern in specific cases to write

conjectures for general cases. (Specific general).

Deductive reasoning: Use facts, definitions, accepted properties,

and the laws of logic to form a logical argument.

Law of Detachment: If the hypothesis of a true conditional

statement is true, then the conclusion is also true.

If two segments have the same length, then they are congruent.

You know that BC = XY. Using the Law of Detachment, what

statement can you make?

Answer: Because BC = XY satisfies the hypothesis of a true

conditional statement, the conclusion is also true.

Another example:

If 90 < mR < 180, then R is obtuse. The measure of R is

155. Using the Law of Detachment, what statement can you

make?

Answer: R is obtuse.

Making and Testing a Conjecture:

Q: Make and test a conjecture about the sign of the product of

any three negative integers.

A: The product of any three negative integers will be a negative

integer. Tests: 5 (2)(1) = 10; 7(3)(5) = 105; 50(10)

(5) = 2500

Q: Make and test a conjecture about the sum of any five

consecutive integers.

A: The sum of any five consecutive integers is five times the

middle (third) number. Tests: 2+3+4+5+6=20=5(4);

2 + (1) + 0 + 1 + 2 = 0 = 5(0); 10 + (9) + (8) + (7) +

(6) = 40 = 5(8)

Counterexample: Specific case for which the conjecture is false.

Q: Find a counterexample to show that the conjecture is false.

The value of x^2 is always greater than the value of x.

Sample answer: 0^2 = 0, 0 > 0

Q: The sum of two numbers is always greater than their

difference.

Sample answer: 5 + (3) = 8 and 5 (3)=2, 8> 2

Closure

3 minutes

student journal on page 42-43 #1-10. Do not work on number 11

and 12, we will be learning that tomorrow. Also they will be

working out of the book on some problems from page 80 #10-20

even. This will be the home practice. They can write their

answers on page 24.

Pass out a notecard to students. We will be doing an exit slip

today. Write down something that you still have a question on or

something that you learned today. Turn it in and review the

questions/lessons learned.

Modifications

Resources

Geometry book, pencil, paper, notecards.

Summative Assessments

The first one is the warm up activity to make sure that they know

how to write a conditional statement about parallelograms. The

next one will be the examples on the board and if they get the

correct answers and how they got there. Another one is the exit

slip to see if they learned the main lesson or if they need more

explanation.

checked for completion. Some of the problems will be on the

composition notebook quiz.

Student Journal page 42-43 #1-10 (there is a copy of the book on the

back teacher desk as well)

In Exercises 14, describe the pattern. Then write or draw the next two

numbers, letters, or figures.

1. 20,19,17,14,10,

3. C,E,G,I,K,

2. 1,2,3,5,7,

In Exercises 5 and 6, make and test a conjecture about the given

quantity.

5. the sum of two negative integers

6. the product of three consecutive nonzero integers

In Exercises 7 and 8, find a counterexample to show that the

conjecture is false.

7. If n is a rational number, then n^2 is always less than n.

8. Line k intersects plane P at point Q on the plane. Plane P is

perpendicular to line k.

In Exercises 9 and 10, use the Law of Detachment to determine what

you can conclude from the given information, if possible.

9. If a triangle has equal side lengths, then each interior angle

measure is 60. ABC has equal side lengths.

10.

If a quadrilateral is a rhombus, then it has two pairs of

opposite sides that are parallel. Quadrilateral PQRS has two pairs

of opposite sides that are parallel.

Answers (also in teacher edition textbook)

1. The difference between two numbers is one more than the

difference between the previous two numbers; 5, 1

2. The list items are prime numbers that have alternating negative and

positive signs; 11, 13

3. The list items are letters in alphabetical order with every other letter

skipped; M, O

answer: 3 + (3) = 6. 41 + (50) = 91, 100 + (900) =

1000

6. The product of three consecutive nonzero integers is an even

number.

7. (3/2)^2=(3/2)(3/2)=(9/4)>(3/2)

8. Line k and plane P can intersect at point Q at any angle.

9. Each angle measure of ABC is 60.

10. not possible

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