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# 1 A footballer kicks a football from the penalty spot.

## A graph of force on the ball against time

is drawn.
The area under the force-time graph represents
A acceleration
B change in kinetic energy
C change in momentum
D displacement
EDEXCEL
GCE JUNE 2014
2 Select the row of the table which correctly identifies the quantities conserved in an inelastic
collision.

## EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014

3. Which of the following is a possible unit for rate of change of momentum?
A kg m s1
B kg m s2
CNs
D N s1
EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014
4.The graph shows how the force on a stone being fired from a catapult varies with time.

## Which quantity is represented by the shaded area?

A the acceleration of the stone
B the work done on the stone
C the change in momentum of the stone
D the displacement of the stone
JANUARY 2014
5. The area under a force-time graph represents
A acceleration.
B change in momentum.
C displacement.
D kinetic
energy.
JANUARY 2011
Ek

p2
2m

## 6. The derivation of the formula

could include the expression
p2
p2
1 2
1 2 2
m2v 2
mv 2
mv p 2
m v p2
2
2
m
m
A
B
C
D
JUNE 2010
7. The momentum of a particle is p. The kinetic energy of the particle is doubled.
The momentum is now
p
A2
B 2p
C 4p
D 8p
JANUARY 2012
8. Two identical spheres of mass m are both travelling with a speed v towards each other.

Which of the following statements must be true after the collision?
A total momentum = 2mv
B total momentum = 0
2
C total kinetic energy = mv
D total kinetic energy = 0
JANUARY 2013
9. A radium nucleus decays by emitting an alpha particle. The speed of the recoiling nucleus
is small compared to the speed of the alpha particle. This is because the
A force acting on the recoiling nucleus is smaller than the force acting on the alpha particle
B momentum is mainly concentrated in the alpha particle
C momentum of the recoiling nucleus is smaller than the momentum of the alpha particle
D recoiling nucleus has a much larger mass than the alpha particle
JANUARY 2010
10. A tennis ball is travelling horizontally with a momentum of 0.4 kg m s1 just before it is hit
with a tennis racket. It rebounds horizontally from the tennis racket with a momentum of 0.6
kg m s1. The graph shows the variation in the momentum of the ball during this process.

## The force exerted by the tennis ball on the racket is

A 12 N
B 100 N
C 250 N
D 1000 N JUNE 2010
11. A body is falling freely under gravity. The rate at which the bodys momentum is changing
is equal to its
A acceleration.
B kinetic energy.
C potential energy.
D weight.
JUNE 2011
12. A particle X has kinetic energy E and momentum p. Another particle Y of the same mass
as X has a momentum 2p. The kinetic energy of Y is
1
E
2
A
BE
C 2E
D 4E
JANUARY 2011
13. A car is accelerated from rest. Which graph correctly shows how the kinetic energy Ek
varies with momentum p?

JUNE 2012
14. An inelastic collision is one in which
A momentum is not conserved.
B momentum and kinetic energy are not conserved.
C momentum and kinetic energy are conserved.
D kinetic energy is not conserved.

JUNE 2012

15. A body, initially at rest, explodes into two masses M1 and M2. These masses move apart
with speeds v1 and v2 respectively.
The ratio v1/v2 is equal to
M1
M2
M
M
1

M2

M1

M2

M1

A
B
C
D
JANUARY 2013
16. A cyclist travels along a straight horizontal road at a steady speed. A net force of 20 N is
then applied for 6 s. The change in momentum of the cyclist is
A 3.3 kg m s1
B 26 kg m s1
C 120 kg m s1
D 720 kg m s1
JANUARY 2013
17. A correct re-statement of the equation Ek = p2/2m is
A mv2 = p2
B p2 = m2v2
C p2/m = 2v2
D mv2 = p2
JUNE 2013
18. A gymnast of mass 40 kg falls vertically onto a trampoline with a speed of 5 m s1 and
rebounds with the same speed.
She is in contact with the trampoline for 0.2 s. The average force exerted on the gymnast by
the trampoline during this period is
A 10 N
B 20 N
C1000 N
D 2000 N
JUNE
2013R
19. Select the row in the table that correctly identifies what happens in an inelastic collision.
Momentum
Kinetic energy
Total energy
A
Conserved
Conserved
Conserved
B
Not conserved
Conserved
Conserved
C
conserved
Not conserved
Conserved
D
conserved
Not conserved
Not conserved
JUNE 2013R
20. Which of the following is equivalent to the unit for energy?
A kg m2 s2
B kg m s2
C N s2 kg1
D N2 s 2
JANUARY 2010
21. A rail truck X travels along a level track and collides with a stationary truck Y. The two
trucks move together at the same velocity after the collision.

Which line, A to D, in the table states how the total momentum and the total kinetic energy
of the trucks change as a result of the impact.
total momentum
total kinetic energy
A
unchanged
unchanged
B
unchanged
decreases
C
decreases
decreases
D
Decreases
unchanged
AQA JAN 2012
22.The graph shows how the force acting on a body changes with time.

The body has a mass of 0.25 kg and is initially at rest. What is the speed of the body after 40s
assuming no other forces are acting?
A 200ms1
B 400ms1
C 800ms1
D 1600ms1 AQA JUNE 2012
23. A stationary unstable nucleus of mass M emits an -particle of mass m with kinetic
energy E.

## What is the speed of recoil of the daughter nucleus?

2mE
2mE
M m
2mE
2
M m
M m
2mE
M
A
B
C
D
AQA JUNE 2012
24. Two ice skaters, initially at rest and in contact, push apart from each other.
Which line, A to D, in the table states correctly the change in the total momentum and the
total kinetic energy of the two skaters?
A
B
C
D

total momentum
Unchanged
Unchanged
Increases
Increases

## total kinetic energy

Increases
Unchanged
Increases
Unchanged
AQA JUNE 2012

25. A ball of mass m travelling at velocity v collides normally with a smooth wall, as shown in
the diagram, and rebounds elastically.

Which line, A to D, in the table, gives the correct expressions for the magnitude of the change
of momentum, and the change of kinetic energy, of the ball? AQA JAN 2013
magnitude of
change of
change of
kinetic energy
momentum

A
B
C
D

2mv
2mv
0
0

0
mv2
0
mv2

26. A cricket ball of mass 0.16 kg travelling at a speed of 35ms1 is hit by a bat and, as a
result of the impact, leaves the bat in the opposite direction at 30ms1. If the duration of the
impact is 52 ms, what is the magnitude of the average force on the ball?
A 0.015N B 00.20N C 0.015N D 0.200N
AQA JAN 2013
27. A ball is released so that it falls vertically. The graph shows how the resultant force
acting on the ball changes with time.

Which one of the following is represented by the area under the graph?
A distance travelled
B gain in kinetic energy
C acceleration
impulse

1. A particle of mass m moves in a circle of radius r at uniform speed, taking time T for each
revolution.
What is the kinetic energy of the particle?
2 mr
2 mr 2
2 2 mr 2
2 2 mr 2
T2
T2
T
T2
A
B
C
D
AQA JUNE 2005
2.A particle completes 6.0 revolutions in 4.0 s. The angular velocity, in rad s1, is
A 1.5
B 9.4
C 24
D 150
JANUARY 2010
3. A car, mass m, drives over a circular hump-back bridge of radius r with a constant speed v.

When it is at the top of the bridge, the force on the car from the bridge is given by
mv 2
mv 2
mv 2
mg
mg
mg
mg
r
r
r
A
B
C
D
JUNE 2011
4. A student is sitting on the right-hand side in a bus, facing the direction of travel. The bus
goes round a bend to the left. The student remains in the same position within the bus. The
student experiences
A a force to the left and a force to the right.
B a resultant force to the left.
C a resultant force to the right.
D no resultant force.
JANUARY 2012
5. A fairground roundabout makes 8 revolutions in 1 minute. The angular velocity of the
JUNE 2013
6. A racing car of mass 1200 kg travels at 0.63 rad s1 around a bend of radius 50 m.
The force on the car necessary for this motion is
A 2.4 104 N away from the centre of the circle.
B 2.4 104 N towards the centre
of the circle.
C 3.8 104 N away from the centre of the circle.
D 3.8 104 N towards the centre
of the circle.
JUNE 2013
7. The drum of a washing machine rotates with an angular velocity of 8.5 rad s1.
The time to complete 10 revolutions is
A 0.85 s
B 1.3 s
C 3.7 s
D 7.4 s
JUNE 2013R
8. The angular speed of the Earth about its axis is
A 7.3 x 10-5 rad s-1
B 4.2 x 10-3 rad s-1
C 4.4 x 10-3 rad s-1
D 5.4 x 105 rad s-1
JANUARY 2014
9. A particle, mass 0.020 kg, is moving with an angular velocity of 3rad s1 around a circle of
radius 0.50 m. The force, in N, responsible for this motion is
A 0.03 towards the centre of the circle
B 0.03 away from the centre of the
circle
C 0.092 towards the centre of the circle
D 0.092 away from the centre of the
circle
JANUARY 2011

10. For a particle moving in a circle with uniform speed, which one of the following
statements is incorrect?
A The velocity of the particle is constant.
B The force on the particle is always perpendicular to the velocity of the particle.
C There is no displacement of the particle in the direction of the force.
D The kinetic energy of the particle is constant.
AQA JAN
2007
11. What is the angular speed of a car wheel of diameter 0.400 m when the speed of the car
is 108kmh-1?
AQA
JAN 2007
12. The diagram shows a disc of diameter 120mm that can turn about an axis through its
centre.

The disc is turned through an angle of 30o in 20 ms. What is the average speed of a point on
the edge of the disc during this time?
A 0.5 x ms1
B ms1
C 1.5 x ms1
D 2 x ms1
AQA JAN
2012
13. A particle of mass m moves in a circle of radius r at a uniform speed with frequency f.
What is the kinetic energy of the particle?
mf 2 r 2
mf 2 r
4 2
2
A
B
C 22 mf2r 2
D 42 mf2r 2
AQA JAN 2012
14. The Earth moves around the Sun in a circular orbit with a radius of 1.5 108 km.
What is the Earths approximate speed?
A 1.5 103ms1
B 5.0 103ms1
C 1.0 104ms1
D 3.0 104ms1
AQA JUNE 2012
15. A particle moves in a circular path at constant speed. Which one of the following
statements is correct?
A The velocity of the particle is directed towards the centre of the circle.
B There is no force acting on the particle.
C There is no change in the kinetic energy of the particle.
D The particle has an acceleration directed along a tangent to the circle.
AQA JUNE 2012
16. The diagram shows a smooth thin tube through which passes a string with masses m
and M attached to its ends. The tube is moved so that the mass m travels in a horizontal
circle of constant radius r at constant speed v.

## Which one of the following expressions is equal to M?

mv 2
2r

mv 2
rg

mv 2 g
r

A
B mv2rg
C
D
AQA JUNE 2012
17. For a particle moving in a circle with uniform speed, which one of the following
statements is incorrect?
A There is no displacement of the particle in the direction of the force.
B The force on the particle is always perpendicular to the velocity of the particle.
C The velocity of the particle is constant.
D The kinetic energy of the particle is constant.
AQA JAN 2013
18. A revolving mountain top restaurant turns slowly, completing a full rotation in 50
minutes. A man is sitting in the restaurant 15 m from the axis of rotation. What is the speed
of the man relative to a stationary point outside the restaurant?

100
5
200
1500
1
1
1
A
ms
B
ms
C
ms
D
ms1 AQA JAN 2013
19.The angular speed of the Earth about its axis is
A 7.3 x 10-5 rad s-1
B 4.2 x 10-3 rad s-1
C 4.4 x 10-3 rad s-1
s-1
IAL JAN 2014
20.The photograph shows cars driving around a roundabout at a constant speed.

## The resultant force F on a car causes it to follow a circular path.

Which of the following statements about F is incorrect?
A F is equal to the product of the mass and angular velocity of the car.
B F is equal to the product of the momentum and angular velocity of the car.
C F is in the same direction as the acceleration of the car.
D F is perpendicular to the momentum of the car.
EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014

## 1. Electric field strength can have the units

A C m1
B N C1
C N V1
DVm
JUNE 2010
2. The distance, in m, from an electron at which the electric field strength equals 6.4 108 J
C1 m1 is
A 1.7 1019
B 6.0 1019
C 2.2 1018
D 1.5 109
JUNE 2010
3.The electric field strength between two parallel plates is uniform. Which graph shows how
the potential V varies with distance d from the positive plate?

JANUARY 2011
4. The force on a proton at a point in an electric field is 4.8 1019 N.
The electric field strength at that point is
A 7.7 1038 N C1 in the opposite direction to the force.
B 7.7 1038 N C1 in the same direction as the force.
C 3.0 1019 N C1 in the opposite direction to the force.
D 3.0 N C1 in the same direction as the force.
JANUARY 2011
5. A unit of electric field strength is
A J C2
B N m2 C2
C N m C1
D N C1
JUNE 2012
6. The diagram shows two parallel plates a distance d apart. There is a potential difference V
across the two plates. A particle, charge q, is placed between the plates as shown.
The particle is attracted to the positive plate and moves through a distance x.

Which of the following expressions gives the work done on the particle as it moves through
the distance x?
V
xV
qV
qVx
xdq
qd
xd
d
A
B
C
D
JUNE 2012
7. Which of the following is a property of a uniform electric field?
A A field that doesnt change over time.
B A field that acts equally in all directions.
C A field that only produces a force on moving charged particles.
D A field that has the same strength at all points.
JANUARY
2013
8. A potential difference of 50 V is applied between two identical parallel aluminium plates.
The plates are separated by a distance of 10 mm.
Which combination of potential difference and separation would double the electric field
strength?

Separation/mm
A
B
C
D

20
20
10
10

Potential
difference/ V
100
25
100
25

JANUARY 2013
9. Electric field strength can have the units of
ANm
B N C-1
CVm
D V C-1
JANUARY
2014
10. Two small charged objects, a distance d apart, exert an attractive force F on each other.
The charge on each object is doubled and the distance increased to 2d. The force of
attraction would be
A F/4
B F/2
CF
D 2F
JANUARY 2014
11. Two protons, separated by a distance x, experience a repulsive force F.
If the separation is reduced to x/3 the force between the protons will be
A F/9
B F/3
C 3F
D 9F
JUNE 2013R
12. An electric field is set up between two parallel plates. A negatively-charged oil drop
between the plates will experience an electrostatic force.

Select the graph that shows how this force varies with distance from the bottom plate.

JANUARY 2014
13. what is the acceleration of a proton in an electric field of strength 4.0 x 104 Vm-1?
A 2.4 x 1031 ms-2 B 3.8 x 1012 ms-2
C 7.0 x 1015 ms-2
D 6.4 x 10-15 ms-2
JANUARY 2014
14. Two protons, each of mass m and charge e, are a distance d apart. Which one of the
electrostatic force

gravitational force
following expressions correctly gives the ratio
for the forces acting
between them?
Ge 2
e2 m2
e2
4 0 e 2
4 0 m2
4 0G
4 0Gm 2
Gm2
A
B
C
D
AQA JUNE 2005
15.

The diagram shows two charges, +4 C and -16 C, 120 mm apart. What is the distance from
the +4 C charge to the point between the two charges, where the resultant electric potential
is zero?
A 24mm
B 40mm
C 80mm
D 96mm
AQA JUNE 2005
16. An electron travelling at constant speed enters a uniform electric field at right angles to
the field. While the electron is in the field it accelerates in a direction which is
A in the same direction as the electric field.
B in the opposite direction to the electric field.
C in the same direction as the motion of the electron.
D in the opposite direction to the motion of the electron.
AQA JUNE
2005
17.

The diagram shows a charged oil drop of weight mg, which is stationary in the electric field
between two parallel plates. If the potential difference between the plates is V and the
separation of the plates is d, what is the charge on the oil drop?
Vd
V
mgd
mgVd
mg
mgd
V
A
B
C
D
AQA JAN 2007
18. The repulsive force between two small negative charges separated by a distance r is F.
What is the force between the charges when the separation is reduced to ?
F
F
9
3
A
B
C 3F
D 9F AQA JAN 2012
19. What is the acceleration of an electron at a point in an electric field where the field
strength is 1.5 105 Vm1?
A 1.2 106 ms2
B 1.4 1013 ms2 C 2.7 1015 ms2
D 2.6 1016 ms2
AQA JAN 2012
20. At a distance R from a fixed charge, the electric field strength is E and the electric
potential is V. Which line, A to D, in the table gives the electric field strength and electric
potential at a distance 2R from the charge?
electric
electric
field
potential
strength
A
E
V
2
4
B

E
2

V
2

E
4

V
2

E
4

V
4

## AQA JAN 2012

21. Two protons are 1.0 10
m apart. Approximately how many times is the electrostatic
force between them greater than the gravitational force between them?
(Use the Data and Formulae booklet)
A 1023
B 1030
C 1036
D 1042
AQA JAN 2012
14

22. The force between two point charges is F when they are separated by a distance r. If the
separation is increased to 3r, what is the force between the charges?
F
F
F
F
3r
9r
3
9
A
B
C
D
AQA JUNE 2012
23. The diagram shows the path of an -particle deflected by the nucleus of an atom.
Point P on the path is the point of closest approach of the -particle to the nucleus.

Which one of the following statements about the -particle on this path is correct?
A Its acceleration is zero at P.
B Its kinetic energy is greatest at P.
C Its speed is least at P.
D Its potential energy is least at P. AQA JUNE 2012
24. A small sphere, of mass m and carrying a charge Q, is suspended from a thread and
placed in a uniform horizontal electric field of strength E. When the sphere comes to rest the
thread makes an angle with the vertical and the tension in it is T, as shown in the diagram.
W is the weight of the sphere and F is the electric force acting on it.

## Under these conditions, which one of the following equations is incorrect?

A T sin = EQ
B T = mgcos + EQsin
C T2 = (EQ)2 + (mg)2
D mg = EQtan
AQA JAN 2013
25. When a charge moves between two points in an electric field, or a mass moves between
two points in a gravitational field, energy may be transferred.
Which one of the following statements is correct?
A No energy is transferred when the movement is parallel to the direction of the field.
B The energy transferred is independent of the path followed.
C The energy transferred is independent of the start and finish points.
D Energy is transferred when the movement is perpendicular to the field lines.
AQA JAN 2013

26. A beam of electrons, moving with a constant velocity v in a vacuum, enters a uniform
electric field between two metal plates.

Which line, A to D, in the table describes the components of the acceleration of the electrons
in the x and y directions as they move through the field?
acceleration in x
acceleration in y
direction
direction
A
zero
Zero
B
zero
Constant
C
constant
Zero
D
constant
Constant
AQA JAN 2013
27 An electron travelling horizontally enters a uniform electric field which acts vertically
downwards as shown in the diagram.

## Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A The electron follows a parabolic path.
B The electron accelerates while in the field.
C The electric force on the electron acts downwards.
D The speed of the electron increases.

## Point P is 40 mm from each of the charges. What is the electric potential at P?

A zero
B 180V
C 360V
D 4500V
AQA JAN 2013
29. Electric field strength can have the units of

ANm

B N C-1

CVm

D V C -1
EDEXCEL JAN 2014

1 The potential difference across a capacitor is V. The energy stored on the capacitor is X
joules. The potential difference across this capacitor is increased to 3 V. The energy stored, in
joules, is increased to
A 3X
B 6X
C 9X
D 27X
JANUARY 2010
2 An uncharged capacitor is connected to a battery.
Which graph shows the variation of charge with potential difference across the capacitor?

JUNE 2010
3 The unit of the time constant for a resistor-capacitor circuit is
A F1
BC
Cs
DsF
JUNE 2011
4 A capacitor is discharging through a resistor and the time constant is 5.0 s. The time taken
for the capacitor to lose half its charge is
A 0.14 s
B 0.81 s
C 3.2 s
D 3.5 s
JUNE
2012
5 The capacitor shown in the circuit below is initially charged to a potential difference (p.d.) V
by closing the switch.
The power supply has negligible internal resistance.

The switch is opened and the p.d. across the capacitor allowed to fall. A short time later the
switch is closed again. Select the graph that shows how the p.d. across the capacitor varies
with time, after the switch is opened.

JUNE 2013R
6 The graph shows how the charge Q stored on a capacitor varies with the potential
difference p.d. V across it.

The values of the capacitance of the capacitor and the energy stored when the p.d. is 5V are
Capacitance / F
Energy / J
A
4
100
B
4
50
C
20
100
D
20
50
JANUARY 2014
7 A1000 F capacitor and a 10 F capacitor are charged so that the potential difference
across each of them is the same. The charge stored in the 1000 F capacitor is Q1 and the
Q1
Q2
charge stored in the 10 F capacitor is Q2. What is the ratio
?
1
100
A 100
B 10
C1
D
AQA JUNE 2005
8 How many of the following four equations correctly represent the energy E stored by a
capacitor of capacitance C when it is charged to a pd V and its charge is Q?
1 Q2
1 C
1
1
QC
CV 2
2
2V
2
2
2 C
E=
E=
E=
E=
AQA JAN 2007
9 A voltage sensor and a data logger are used to record the discharge of a 10 mF capacitor in
series with a 500 resistor from an initial pd of 6.0V. The data logger is capable of recording
1000 readings in 10 s. Which line, A to D, in the table gives the pd and the number of
readings made after a time equal to the time constant of the discharge circuit?

A
B
C
D

potential difference/V
2.2
3.8
2.2
3.8

50
50
500
500
AQA JAN 2007
between two physical quantities may be inverse, inverse square or

10 The relationship
exponential.
Which line, A to D, in the table shows correct relationships for
(i) pd and time in capacitor discharge,
(ii) electric field strength and distance in a radial field, and

(i) capacitor
discharge
A
B
C
D

exponential
inverse
inverse square
exponential

## (ii) electric field

strength
Inverse
inverse square
exponential
inverse square

(iii)
gravitational
Potential
inverse square
Exponential
Inverse
Inverse

11 The graph shows how the charge stored by a capacitor varies with the pd applied across
it.

Which line, A to D, in the table gives the capacitance and the energy stored when the
potential difference is 5.0V?
capacitance/F
energy stored/J
A
2.0
25
B
2.0
50
C
10.0
25
D
10.0
50
AQA JAN 2012
12 A 10 mF capacitor is charged to 10 V and then discharged completely through a small
motor. During the process, the motor lifts a weight of mass 0.10 kg. If 10% of the energy
stored in the capacitor is used to lift the weight, through what approximate height will the
weight be lifted?
A 0.05 m
B 0.10 m
C 0.50 m
D 1.00 m AQA JAN 2012
13 A 1000 F capacitor and a 10 F capacitor are charged so that they store the same
energy. The pd across the 1000 F capacitor is V1 and the pd across the other capacitor is V2.

V1

V2

## What is the value of the ratio

?
1
1
1
1000
100
10
A
B
C
D 10
AQA JUNE
2012
14 A voltage sensor and a datalogger are used to record the discharge of a 10 mF capacitor
in series with a 500 resistor from an initial pd of 6.0V. The datalogger is capable of recording
1000 readings in 10 s. Which line, A to D, in the table gives the pd and the number of
readings made after a time equal to the time constant of the discharge circuit?

potential difference/V
2.2
3.8
3.8
2.2

A
50
B
50
C
500
D
500
AQA JUNE 2012
15 When a 220F capacitor is discharged through a resistor R, the capacitor pd decreases
from 6.0V to 1.5V in 92 s. What is the resistance of R?
A 210k
B 300k
C 420k
D 440k
AQA JUNE 2012
16 An initially uncharged capacitor of capacitance 20 F is charged by a constant current of
80 A. Which line, A to D, in the table gives the potential difference across, and the energy
stored in, the capacitor after
50 s?
potential
energy stored / J
difference /V
A
4. 0 103
2. 0 103
3
B
4. 0 10
4. 0 101
C
2. 0 102
2. 0 103
D
2. 0 102
4. 0 101
AQA JAN 2013
17 Which one of the following statements about a parallel plate capacitor is incorrect?
A The capacitance of the capacitor is the amount of charge stored by the capacitor when the
pd across the plates is 1V.
B A uniform electric field exists between the plates of the capacitor.
C The charge stored on the capacitor is inversely proportional to the pd across the plates.
D The energy stored when the capacitor is fully charged is proportional to the square of the
pd across the plates.
AQA
JAN 2013
18 An uncharged capacitor is connected to a battery.
Which graph shows the variation of charge with potential difference across the capacitor?

JUNE 2010

1 Figure 1 shows a vertical plane square coil of 50 turns, carrying a current of 3.0 A. The
length of each side of the coil is 4.0 cm. Figure 2 shows a view of this coil from above within a
horizontal magnetic field of flux density 0.20 T.

## The force on side QS is

A 120 N
B 60 N
C 1.2 N
D 0.60 N
JANUARY 2010
2 A 50 turn square coil, side 0.060 m, is placed in a magnetic field of flux density 0.40 T.
The plane of the coil is at right angles to the direction of the magnetic field.

## The flux linkage with the coil is

A 0.072 Wb
B 0.45 Wb
C 1.2 Wb
3 A unit for flux linkage is the
A tesla.
B tesla per square metre.
metre.

C weber.

## D weber per square

JANUARY 2011
4 A circular loop of thin wire is placed so that its plane is perpendicular to a magnetic field as
shown.

## As the switch is closed, the loop of wire will

A become a circle of smaller radius.
B not change.
D rotate so that its plane is parallel to the field.
JUNE
2011
5 The diagram represents two coils. Coil X has 1000 turns and a cross-sectional area of 10
cm2. It is carrying a current which produces a field of magnetic flux density 0.002 T. Coil Y has
50 turns and a cross-sectional area of 4 cm2.

## The flux linkage with coil Y is

A 0.4 Wb
B 2 103 Wb

C 4 105 Wb

D 8 107 Wb
JUNE 2011

6 The diagram represents two identical coils X and Y. The planes of both coils are parallel and
their centres lie on a common axis.

## Coil Y is connected to a cell, a variable resistor and a closed switch.

Under which of the following circumstances would a current be induced in coil X in the same
direction as the current shown in coil Y?
A The coils are moved closer together.
B The switch is opened.
C The resistance of the variable resistor is decreased.
D No change is made to the arrangement.
JUNE
2011
7 A proton is moving in a circle, radius 1.5 m, within a magnetic field of flux density 0.020 T.
The speed of the proton is
A 4.8 1021 m s1
B 2.9 106 m s1
C 5.3 109 m s1 D 1.8 1025 m s1
JUNE 2011
8 The unit of flux linkage is
AT
B T m2
C Wb
D Wb m2
JANUARY 2012
9 An electric motor is connected via a switch to a battery. A graph is plotted to show the
variation of current I with time t. The switch is closed at time T.
Which of the following graphs is correct?

JANUARY 2012
10. A coil of N turns and cross-sectional area A lies perpendicular to a magnetic field of flux
density B. The magnetic flux linkage is X.

A second coil with twice the number of turns but half the cross-sectional area lies
perpendicular to a magnetic field of flux density 2B. The magnetic flux linkage with the
second coil is
X
2
A
BX
C 2X
D 4X
JUNE 2012
11. A conductor of length 50 mm carries a current of 3.0 A at 30 to a magnetic field of
magnetic flux density 0.40 T. The magnitude of the magnetic force acting on the conductor is
A 0.030 N
B 0.050 N
C 30 N
D 52 N
JANUARY
2013
12. An alpha particle and a beta particle both move into the same uniform magnetic field
which is perpendicular to their direction of motion. The beta particle travels at 15 times the
speed of the alpha particle.
The ratio of the force on the beta particle to the force on the alpha particle is
A 3.7
B 7.5
C 30
D 60
JANUARY 2013
13. A charged, non-magnetic particle is moving in a magnetic field.
Which of the following would not affect the magnetic force acting on the particle?
A the magnitude of the charge on the particle
B the strength of the magnetic field
C the velocity component parallel to the magnetic field direction
D the velocity component perpendicular to the magnetic field direction
JUNE
2013
14. The diagram shows three bar magnets P, Q and R, being dropped simultaneously to fall
through tubes of different materials.

## The order in which the magnets reach the ground is

A P and Q simultaneously followed by R.
B P and R simultaneously followed by Q.
C Q first then P and R simultaneously.
D all three arrive simultaneously.
JANUARY 2014
15 A unit for magnetic flux is the
A Wb
B Wb m2
CT
D T m2
JANUARY 2013
16 The magnetic flux, , through a coil varies with time, t, as shown by the first graph. Which
one of the
following graphs, A to D, best represents how the magnitude, , of the induced emf varies in
this same period of time?

## AQA JUNE 2005

17

The diagram shows a square coil PQRS placed in a uniform magnetic field with the plane of
the coil parallel to the lines of magnetic field. A constant current is passed round the coil in
the direction shown, causing a force to act on side PS of the coil. Which one of the following
statements about the forces acting on the other sides of the coil is correct?
A A force acts on each of the other sides of the coil.
B No force acts on sides PQ and RS of the coil.
C A force acts on side RS and an equal and opposite force to this force acts on side PQ.
D A force acts on side QR in the same direction as the force that acts on PS.
AQA JAN
2007
18 Which one of the following is not a unit of magnetic flux?
A NmA-1
B Wb
C Tm2
D Vs-1
AQA JAN 2007
19 A negatively charged particle moves at right angles to a uniform magnetic field. The
magnetic force on the particle acts
A in the direction of the field.
B in the opposite direction to that of the field.
C at an angle between 0o and 90o to the field.
D at right angles to the field.
AQA JAN 2012
20 An electron moving with a constant speed enters a uniform magnetic field in a direction
perpendicular to the magnetic field. What is the shape of the path that the electron would
follow?
A parabolic
B circular
C elliptical
D a line parallel to the magnetic field
AQA JAN 2012
21

## A coil of 50 turns has a cross-sectional area of 4.2 103m2. It is placed at an angle to a

uniform magnetic field of flux density 2.8 102T, as shown in the diagram, so that angle
=50o.
What is the change in flux linkage when the coil is rotated anticlockwise until =0o?
A The flux linkage decreases by 2.1 103 Wb turns. B The flux linkage increases by 2.1
103 Wb turns.
C The flux linkage decreases by 3.8 103 Wb turns. D The flux linkage increases by 3.8
103 Wb turns.
AQA JAN 2012
22 An aircraft, of wing span 60 m, flies horizontally at a speed of 150ms1. If the vertical
component of the Earths magnetic field in the region of the plane is 1.0 105T, what is the
magnitude of the magnetic flux cut by the wings in 10 s?
A 1.0 105 Wb
B 1.0 104 Wb
C 9.0 102 Wb
D 9.0 101 Wb
AQA JAN 2012
23

Three identical magnets P, Q and R are released simultaneously from rest and fall to the
ground from the same height. P falls directly to the ground, Q falls through the centre of a
thick conducting ring and R falls through a ring which is identical except for a gap cut into it.
Which one of the statements below correctly describe the sequence in which the magnets
reach the ground?
A Pand R arrive together followed by Q.
B Pand Q arrive together followed by R.
C P arrives first, follow by Q which is followed by R.
D All three magnets arrive simultaneously.
AQA JAN 2012
24 The primary coil of a step-up transformer is connected to a source of alternating pd.
The secondary coil is connected to a lamp.

Which line, A to D, in the table correctly describes the flux linkage and current through the
secondary coil in relation to the primary coil?
secondary current
primary current
A
B

>1
<1

<1
<1

C
D

>1
<1

>1
>1
AQA JAN 2012

25 A transformer has 1200 turns on the primary coil and 500 turns on the secondary coil. The
primary coil draws a current of 0.25 A from a 240 V ac supply. If the efficiency of the
transformer is 83%, what is the current in the secondary coil?
A 0.10 A
B 0.21 A
C 0.50 A
D 0.60 A
AQA JAN 2012
26 Using the circuit shown, and with the switch closed, a small current was passed through
the coil X. The current was slowly increased using the variable resistor. The current reached a
maximum value and was then switched off.

## The maximum reading on the microammeter occurred when

A the small current flowed at the start.
B the current was being increased.
C the current was being switched off.
D the current in X was zero.
AQA JUNE 2012
27 When a mobile phone is being recharged, the charger heats up. The efficiency of the
transformer in the charger can be as low as 15% when drawing a current of 50mA from a
230V mains supply. If the charging current required is 350 mA, what is the approximate
output voltage at this efficiency?
A 4.9V
B 11V
C 28V
D 33V
AQA
JUNE 2012
28 Three vertical tubes, made from copper, lead and rubber respectively, have identical
dimensions. Identical, strong, cylindrical magnets P, Q and R are released simultaneously
from the same distance above each tube. Because of electromagnetic effects, the magnets
emerge from the bottom of the tubes at different times.

Which line, A to D, in the table shows the correct order in which they will emerge?
resistivity of copper = 1.7 108m
resistivity of lead = 22 108m
resistivity of rubber = 50 1013m
emerges
emerges
emerges
first
second
third
A
P
Q
R
B
R
P
Q
C
P
R
Q

## AQA JUNE 2012

29 The graph shows how the magnetic flux, , passing through a coil changes with time, t.

Which one of the following graphs could show how the magnitude of the emf, V, induced in
the coil varies with t?

## AQA JUNE 2012

30 A section of current-carrying wire is placed at right angles to a uniform magnetic field of
flux density B. When the current in the wire is I, the magnetic force that acts on this section is
F. What force acts when the same section of wire is placed at right angles to a uniform
magnetic field of flux density 2B when the current is 0.25 I?
F
F
4
2
A
B
CF
D 2F
AQA JUNE 2012
31 A beam of positive ions enters a region of uniform magnetic field, causing the beam to
change direction as shown in the diagram.

## What is the direction of the magnetic field?

A out of the page and perpendicular to it
C in the direction indicated by +y

## B into the page and perpendicular to it

D in the direction indicated by y
AQA JUNE 2012
32 A horizontal straight wire of length 40 mm is in an east-west direction as shown in the
diagram.

A uniform magnetic field of flux density 50mT is directed downwards into the plane of the
diagram.
When a current of 5.0A passes through the wire from west to east, a horizontal force acts on
the wire. Which line, A to D, in the table gives the magnitude and direction of this force?
magnitude /mN
direction
A
2.0
north
B
10.0
north
C
2.0
south
D
10.0
south
AQA JAN 2013
33. Which line, A to D, in the table correctly describes the trajectory of charged particles
which enter separately, at right angles, a uniform electric field, and a uniform magnetic field?
uniform electric field
uniform magnetic field
A
parabolic
Circular
B
circular
Parabolic
C
circular
Circular
D
parabolic
Parabolic
AQA JAN 2013
34. A rectangular coil is rotated in a uniform magnetic field.

When the coil is rotated at a constant rate, an alternating emf is induced in it.
The variation of emf , in volts, with time t, in seconds, is given by = 20 sin (100 t)
Which line, A to D, in the table gives the peak value 0 and the frequency f of the induced
emf?
0/V
f/Hz
A
10
50
B
10
100
C
20
50
D
20
100
AQA JAN 2013
35. The magnetic flux through a coil of 5 turns changes uniformly from 15 103 Wb to 7. 0
103 Wb in 0.50 s. What is the magnitude of the emf induced in the coil due to this change in
flux?

A 14 mV

B 16 mV

C 30 mV

D 80 mV

## AQA JAN 2013

36. Which one of the following statements concerning power losses in a transformer is
incorrect? Power losses can be reduced by
A laminating the core.
B using high resistance windings.
C using thick wire.
D using a core made of special iron alloys which are easily
magnetised.
AQA JAN 2013
37. A transformer with 3000 turns in its primary coil is used to change an alternating pd from
an rms value of 240V to an rms value of 12V.
When a 60W, 12V lamp is connected to the secondary coil, the lamp lights at normal
brightness and a rms current of 0.26A passes through the primary coil.

Which line, A to D, in the table gives correct values for the number of turns on the secondary
coil and for the transformer efficiency?
number of turns on
efficiency
the
secondary coil
A
150
96%
B
60 000
96%
C
150
90%
D
60 000
90%
AQA JAN 2013
4
2
38 A coil of 300 turns each of area 1.5 10 m is placed in a magnetic field with its plane at
right angles to the field. The graph shows how the magnetic flux density B of the field varies
with time t.

## The e.m.f. induced in the coil during the first 5 ms is

A 5.4 101 V
B 4.5 102 V
C 1.8 103 V
D 5.4 104 V
EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014
39 A current of 1.50 A flows in a straight wire of length 0.450 m. The wire is placed in a
uniform magnetic field of flux density 2.00 103 T which acts perpendicular to the wire.
Under these conditions the magnetic force balances the weight of the wire.
Calculate the mass of the wire.
A 1.32 102 kg
B 1.35 103 kg
C 1.38 104 kg
D 1.35 104 kg
EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014

40 An alpha particle moves at right angles to a uniform magnetic field and experiences a
force F. A beta particle moves at right angles to a magnetic field of half the magnetic flux
density but at ten times the velocity of the alpha particle.
The magnitude of the force on the beta particle will be
A 0.25 F
B 0.40 F
C 2.5 F
D 5.0 F
EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014

1 A particle detector shows tracks produced by two particles X and Y that were created by the
decay of a lambda particle at O.

## (i) Which of the following is a valid conclusion from these facts?

A X is a negatively charged particle.
B Y is a positively charged particle.
C The lambda particle is neutral.
D The magnetic field is acting into the plane of the paper.
(ii) Which of the following is a correct statement about momentum at the decay?
A The vector sum of the momenta of X and Y must equal that of the lambda particle.
B The momentum of X is equal to that of Y.
C The total momentum of this system is zero.
D The vector sum of the momenta of X and Y must equal zero.
(iii) Which of the following is a correct statement about energy at the decay?
A The energy of X must be greater than that of Y.
B The combined energy of X and Y must be more than the energy of the lambda particle.
C The mass of the lambda particle must equal the combined energy of X and Y.
D The mass energy of the lambda particle must equal the total energy of X and Y. JANUARY
2010
197
79 Au
2 The number of neutrons in a nucleus of
is
A 79
B 118
C 197
D 276
JUNE 2010
3 Which of the following is not a valid conclusion from Rutherfords alpha particle scattering
experiments?
A The atom is mainly empty space.
B The nucleus contains protons and neutrons.
C The nucleus must be charged.
D The nucleus must be very small compared to the atom.
JUNE 2010
4 The diagram shows the path of an electron in a bubble chamber.

## Which of the following can you deduce from the diagram?

A The electron is moving anti-clockwise.
B The electron is moving clockwise.
C The magnetic field is acting out of the page.
D The speed of the electron is increasing.
JUNE 2010
5 Which one of the following quantities would the de Broglie equation be used to calculate?
A The momentum of a moving particle.
B The value of the Planck constant.

## C The wavelength of a moving electron.

D The wavelength of a photon of light
JUNE 2010
6 The process by which electrons are released from a heated filament is known as
A thermionic emission.
B photoelectric emission.
C ionisation.
D
excitation
JANUARY 2011
7 Which one of the following might not apply in interactions between sub atomic particles?
A charge conservation
B energy conservation
C matter conservation
D momentum conservation
JANUARY 2011
8 A pion could consist of

ud

ud

uud

uu d

A
B
C
D
JANUARY 2011
9 Data at the back of the examination paper can be used with the formula E = c2 m to
calculate
A the amount of energy in a proton.
B the mass of coal that produces 6 MJ of energy when burnt.
C the energy produced when an electron and a positron annihilate.
D the energy produced when two protons collide.
JANUARY 2011
10 A positron is found to have a mass of 1.8 1029 kg. It can be concluded that this positron
is
A a proton.
B travelling at close to the speed of light.
C travelling at a non-relativistic speed.
D travelling in a circle.
JUNE 2011
2
29
11 The mass in MeV/c of a 1.8 10 kg positron is
A 10
B 3.2 1059
C 3.3 108
D 1.0 107
JUNE 2011
12 The Large Hadron Collider is designed to accelerate protons to very high energies for
particle physics experiments. Very high energies are required to
A annihilate hadrons. B collide hadrons. C create particles with large mass. D produce
individual quarks.
13 The diagram represents the collision between two sub-atomic particles P and Q moving
with momenta 1 and 2 respectively. After the collision they have momenta 3 and 4
respectively.

Which vector diagram best shows the correct relationship for the momenta of P and Q?

JANUARY 2012

2
1

14 Deuterium
is an isotope of hydrogen.
An atom of deuterium has
protons
neutrons
A
1
2
B
1
1
C
2
1
D
1
0

Electrons
2
1
2
1
JANUARY 2012
15 The rest mass of a proton is 1.67 1027 kg. This mass, in MeV/c2 is approximately
A 2.4 1020
B 3.1 106
C 1.0
D 940
JANUARY 2012
16 A positive kaon (K+) is a meson which includes a strange quark. Its structure could be

us

us

usd
D
JANUARY 2012

sd d

## 17 The K+ is likely to decay to

v
A

0 v

D
JANUARY 2012
18 The de Broglie wavelength of a moving tennis ball is calculated as 1 1033 m. This means
that the moving tennis ball
A diffracts through a narrow slit.
B does not behave as a particle.
C does not display wave properties.
D is travelling at the speed of light.
JANUARY 2012
208
82 Pb
19
is the symbol for the heaviest, stable nucleus. The table shows possible numbers of
neutrons and protons.
Which line of the table correctly shows the numbers of neutrons and protons for this nucleus?
Number of
Number of
neutrons
protons
A
82
208
B
82
126
C
126
82
D
208
82
JUNE 2012
20 Which one of the following statements does not help to explain why electrons can be
used to probe the nuclei of atoms.
A Electrons are negatively charged.
B Electrons can have wavelengths similar in size to nuclear diameters.
C Electrons can be accelerated to high energies.
D Electrons can exhibit diffraction effects.
JUNE
2012
25
13 Al
21 A radioactive isotope of aluminium is
Select the row in the table that correctly identifies a neutral atom of this isotope.

## EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014

22 A pion can decay to produce two leptons. Which one of the following is possible?
e ve
0 e ve
e e
0 e
A
B
C
D
JUNE 2012
23 As a particle accelerates in a linac, it passes through drift tubes of increasing lengths. This
is so that
A the particle can be given more energy within each tube.
B the frequency of the accelerating voltage can be constant.
C the accelerating voltage can be as high as possible.
D the time spent in the tube by the particle is longer.
JUNE
2012
24 Which of the following is not a vector quantity?
A electric field strength
B magnetic flux density
C momentum
D potential difference
JANUARY 2013
25 The tubes of a linear accelerator (linac) get progressively longer down its length because
A the accelerating particles become relativistic.
B the frequency of the applied potential difference changes.
C the accelerating particles must spend the same time in each tube.
D the accelerating particles gain mass.
JANUARY 2013
60
28 Ni
26 The nucleus of one of the isotopes of nickel is represented by
Which line correctly identifies a neutral atom of this isotope?
Number of
Number of
Number of
protons
neutrons
electrons
A
28
32
28
B
28
32
32
C
28
60
28
D
60
28
28
JUNE 2013
6
2
27 A muon has a mass of 10 MeV/c . The mass of a muon, to two significant figures, is
A 1.7 1011 kg B 5.7 1020 kg C 1.9 1028 kg D 1.9 1034 kg JUNE 2013
28 The diagram shows the tracks from an event at a point P in a bubble chamber. A magnetic
field is directed into the page.

The tracks cannot show the production of a proton-antiproton pair with equal kinetic energies
because
A the curvature is perpendicular to the magnetic field.
B the tracks curve in
different directions.
C the tracks have different curvatures.
D there is no track before point P.
JUNE 2013
29 A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator. It consists of two metal Dees which are
connected to a high frequency voltage supply and are in a strong magnetic field.
The particles change their speed because
A of the magnetic field they are in.
B the voltage supply is alternating.
C there is a potential difference between the two Dees.
D the magnetic field is at right
angles to the Dees.
JUNE 2013
30 The de Broglie wavelength for neutrons used to study crystal structure is 1.2 nm.
mass of a neutron = 1.67 1027 kg
The speed of these neutrons would be
A 3.0 106 m s1 B 3.3 102 m s1 C 3.0 103 m s1 D 3.3 107 m s1 JUNE 2013
31 The de Broglie wavelength associated with electrons moving at 2.5 106 m s1 is
A 2.9 104 m
B 2.4 108 m
C 2.9 1010 m
D 2.4 1039 m
JUNE 2013R
32 Which of the following is not a valid conclusion from Rutherfords alpha particle scattering
experiment?
A The atom is mainly empty space.
B The mass of the atom is mostly concentrated in the nucleus.
C The nucleus must be positively charged.
D The nucleus must be very small compared to the atom.
JUNE 2013R
235
92 U
33 Select the row in the table that correctly identifies the composition of a
ion.
Number of
Number of
Number of
protons
Neutrons
Electrons
A
92
143
91
B
92
143
92
C
92
235
91
D
93
235
92
JUNE 2013R
34 A transmission electron microscope passes a beam of electrons through a tiny specimen
to form an image on a viewing screen.

Due to the wave nature of electrons, diffraction occurs which can blur the image. To reduce
this effect when viewing a smaller object the beam must contain
A more electrons per second.
B fewer electrons per second.

## C faster moving electrons.

D slower moving electrons.

JUNE 2013R
14
6

## 35 A radioactive isotope of carbon is

.
Select the row in the table that correctly identifies a neutral atom of this isotope.
A
B
C
D

Neutrons
8
6
6
8

Protons
6
8
8
6

Electrons
8
6
8
6
JANUARY 2014

## 36 The rest mass of a kaon is 494 MeV/c2. This mass in kg is

A 3.4 x 1010
B 2.6 x 10-19
C 8.8 x 10-28
D 8.8 x
10-34
JANUARY 2014
37. An elastic collision is one:
A between low-energy particles
B in which electrostatic forces act
C in which mass is conserved
D where no kinetic energy is lost
38. which of the following is not a unit of mass?
A kg
B N
C u
D MeV/c2
39. An energy of 6.4MeV is equivalent to:
A 6.4 x 10-30J
B 1.0 x 10-15J
C 6.4 x 10-12J
D 1.0 x 10-12J
2
40. 220MeV/c is equivalent, to 2 significant figures, to a mass of:
A 3.9 x 10-28kg
B 3.7 x 10-25kg
C 3.1 x 10-8kg
D 2.1 x 10-8kg
41. the minimum photon energy needed to create a proton-antiproton pair is:
A 3.0 x 10-10u
B 3.0 x 10-10J
C 1.0 x 10-19u
D 1.0 x 10-19J
42. which of the following is an impossible baryon

ud d

ud s

A ddu
B
C
43. which of the following is a possible meson?
A

ds

ud

ds

D
7
3 Li

ud s

us

## 44. how many baryons are there in an atom of

?
A zero
B 3
C 4
D 7
45. The rest mass of a kaon is 494 MeV/c2. This mass in kg is
A 3.4 x 1010
B 2.6 x 10-19
C 8.8 x 10-28
D 8.8 x 10-34
EDEXCEL JAN 2014
14
6C
46. A radioactive isotope of carbon is
.
Select the row in the table that correctly identifies a neutral atom of this isotope.

## EDEXCEL JAN 2014

47 An electron gun uses a potential difference to accelerate electrons from rest to a speed of
2.00 107 m s1.
(i) The potential difference is
A 569 V
B 1140 V
C 2280 V
D 4560 V JANUARY 2010
(ii) The de Broglie wavelength associated with electrons moving at 2.00 107 m s1 is
A 3.3 1041 m
B 5.0 1014 m
C 3.6 1011 m
D 5.0 108 m
JANUARY 2010
48 Which variables are linked in the de Broglie equation?
A frequency and wavelength of a photon
B wavelength and momentum of a moving electron
C energy and frequency of a photon
D work function and threshold frequency of a metal
EDEXCEL GCE JUNE 2014